Earth Process Schematic

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EOS Constellation

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24 Measurement Areas

ATMOSPHERE

LAND

OCEAN

CRYOSPHERE

SOLAR RADIATION

Cloud Properties

Land Cover & Land
Use Change...
Global Biosphere

QuickTime™ and a
Photo - JPEG decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

QuickTime™ and a
Photo - JPE...
SeaWiFS Image
(Eastern Mediterranean and the Nile River Delta)

QuickTime™ and a
Photo - JPEG decompressor
are needed to s...
SeaWiFS Image
(Saharan Dust and Canary Islands)

QuickTime™ and a
Photo - JPEG decompressor
are needed to see this picture...
SeaWiFS Image
(Hurricane Bonnie, 25 August 1998)

QuickTime™ and a
Photo - JPEG decompressor
are needed to see this pictur...
SeaWiFS Image
(Gulf of Mexico, 23 February 1998)

QuickTime™ and a
Photo - JPEG decompressor
are needed to see this pictur...
Gulf Stream Eddies

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TRMM Precipitation Radar Swath

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TRMM Image - Showing PR & VIRS Swaths
(Houston, TX, 10 February 1998)

QuickTime™ and a
Photo - JPEG decompressor
are need...
TRMM Image - Chimney Clouds Science Result
(Hurricane Bonnie, 22 August 1998)

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TRMM Microwave Imager Data (TMI)

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TRMM One Day Coverage

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TRMM Two Day Coverage

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EOS Constellation

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The Elements of MTPE

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EOS AM-1

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Landsat 7 / EOS AM-1 Common Orbit
Landsat 7

EOS AM1

Launch - March 1999

Launch - June 1999

ORBITAL CHARACTERISTICS

Or...
The Landsat 7 and EOS AM-1 Instruments
Landsat 7
ETM+

Enhanced Thematic Mapper

EOS AM1
ASTER

Advanced Spaceborne
Therma...
Relationship Between Sensor Swath Width and
Global Seasonal Archive Capability

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Regional and Commercial Applications

Agriculture
Insurance
Forestry
Fisheries
Disaster Management
Regional Planning

97E0...
Vegetation Index Greeness Map
(Cornbelt, July 19 - August 1, 1996)

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Dryness Map

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Agricultural Applications of ESE Data
ES E Ins trument
Applica tion

MODI ASTE

Landsat 7MI
S

CER

TM
I

PR

EO
Mode ls S...
Fire Index Map
Derived from October 3 - 9, 1994
AVHRR NDVI and Surface Temperature Data

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Seasonal Lightning Summary

December 1997, January 1998, February 1998

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Distributed Active Archive Centers

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EOS Constellation

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Architecture Drivers
Towards...
Federated data and information
infrastructure
Scalable, extendable components
Object orien...
SDPS Characteristics

Federated Interoperable
Infrastructure

-

Business Neutral
Policy Neutral
Data Neutral

100 - 260 D...
EOSDIS Data Flows and Elements

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The ECS Digital Library

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Data Volumes
2500.00

ASTER

CERES

MISR

MODIS

MOPITT

DAO

Landsat 7

SeaWinds

DFA

MR

SAGE III

2000.00

1500.00

10...
StorageTek Silo

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EMASS Silo

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SDPS Architecture

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Library Analogy

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Processing Levels

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Example Categories for Granule-Level and
Collection-Level Metadata

Granule
Platform, Instrument, Sensor

Platform, Instru...
Client Services List
• User Registration
• Advertise
• Guide / Document Search
• Inventory Search
• Data Order
• Browse
• ...
Spatial Search

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View Browse

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ESOD

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The ECS Standard Data Format: HDF-EOS
• HDF-EOS is an extension of NCSA’s Heirarchical Data Format (HDF)
• Includes ECS Co...
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EOS Overview

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Published on

HDF AND HDF-EOS WORKSHOP II (1998)

Sources: http://hdfeos.org/workshops/ws02/presentations/gubbels/gubbels1.ppt
http://hdfeos.org/workshops/ws02/presentations/gubbels/gubbels2.ppt
http://hdfeos.org/workshops/ws02/presentations/gubbels/gubbels3.ppt
http://hdfeos.org/workshops/ws02/presentations/gubbels/gubbels4.ppt

Published in: Technology
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EOS Overview

  1. 1. Earth Process Schematic 97E021 a-1
  2. 2. EOS Constellation 97E021 a-2
  3. 3. 24 Measurement Areas ATMOSPHERE LAND OCEAN CRYOSPHERE SOLAR RADIATION Cloud Properties Land Cover & Land Use Change Surface Temperature Ice Sheet Topography & Ice Volume Change Total Solar Irradiance Radiative Energy Fluxes Precipitation Tropospheric Chemistry Stratospheric Chemistry Vegetation Dynamics Surface Temperature Fire Occurrence Volcanic Effects Phytoplankton & Dissolved Organic Matter Sea Ice Ultraviolet Spectral Irradiance Snow Cover Surface Wind Fields Ocean Surface Topography Surface Wetness Aerosol Properties Atmospheric Temperature Atmospheric Humidity Lightning 97E021 a-3
  4. 4. Global Biosphere QuickTime™ and a Photo - JPEG decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a Photo - JPEG decompressor are needed to see this picture. 97E021 a-4
  5. 5. SeaWiFS Image (Eastern Mediterranean and the Nile River Delta) QuickTime™ and a Photo - JPEG decompressor are needed to see this picture. 97E021 a-5
  6. 6. SeaWiFS Image (Saharan Dust and Canary Islands) QuickTime™ and a Photo - JPEG decompressor are needed to see this picture. 97E021 a-6
  7. 7. SeaWiFS Image (Hurricane Bonnie, 25 August 1998) QuickTime™ and a Photo - JPEG decompressor are needed to see this picture. 97E021 a-7
  8. 8. SeaWiFS Image (Gulf of Mexico, 23 February 1998) QuickTime™ and a Photo - JPEG decompressor are needed to see this picture. 97E021 a-8
  9. 9. Gulf Stream Eddies 97E021 a-9
  10. 10. TRMM Precipitation Radar Swath 97E021 a-10
  11. 11. TRMM Image - Showing PR & VIRS Swaths (Houston, TX, 10 February 1998) QuickTime™ and a Photo - JPEG decompressor are needed to see this picture. 97E021 a-11
  12. 12. TRMM Image - Chimney Clouds Science Result (Hurricane Bonnie, 22 August 1998) 97E021 a-12
  13. 13. TRMM Microwave Imager Data (TMI) 97E021 a-13
  14. 14. TRMM One Day Coverage 97E021 a-14
  15. 15. TRMM Two Day Coverage 97E021 a-15
  16. 16. EOS Constellation 97E021 a-16
  17. 17. The Elements of MTPE 97E021 a-17
  18. 18. EOS AM-1 97E021 a-18
  19. 19. Landsat 7 / EOS AM-1 Common Orbit Landsat 7 EOS AM1 Launch - March 1999 Launch - June 1999 ORBITAL CHARACTERISTICS Orbit: Orbit Inclination: 98.3 degrees from equator Oribit Period: 98.8 minutes Equator Crossing: Landsat 7 - 10:00 AM; EOS AM1 - 10:30 AM Ground Track Repeat Cycle: 97E021 705 km altitude sun-sychronous 16 days a-19
  20. 20. The Landsat 7 and EOS AM-1 Instruments Landsat 7 ETM+ Enhanced Thematic Mapper EOS AM1 ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer MODIS Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MISR Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer MOPITT Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere CERES 97E021 Clouds and the Earths Radiant Energy System a-20
  21. 21. Relationship Between Sensor Swath Width and Global Seasonal Archive Capability 97E021 a-21
  22. 22. Regional and Commercial Applications Agriculture Insurance Forestry Fisheries Disaster Management Regional Planning 97E021 a-22
  23. 23. Vegetation Index Greeness Map (Cornbelt, July 19 - August 1, 1996) 97E021 b-1
  24. 24. Dryness Map 97E021 b-2
  25. 25. Agricultural Applications of ESE Data ES E Ins trument Applica tion MODI ASTE Landsat 7MI S CER TM I PR EO Mode ls S ea WiFS SRT AMS AIR AMS MH ESS VC L 1 Measuring Crop Acreage 2 Classifying Crop and V egetation Type 3 Estimating Crop Yields and Optimizing Fertilization 4 Determining V egetation and Crop Health 5 Analyzing Pest Mitigation and Planning Pesticide Application 6 Determining Range Readiness and Health/Maturity 7 Monitoring Fallow Land 8 Determining Soil Moisture and Drainage 9 Optimizing Irrigation--Aerial Distribution and Timing 10 Mapping and Monitoring W etlands 11 Monitoring Droughts and Floods 12 Timing Harvest Before Destructive W eather Events 13 Mapping Soil, Nutrient, and Landscape Spatial V ariability 14 Monitoring Soil Erosion 15 Improving Climate Forecasts 97E021 b-3
  26. 26. Fire Index Map Derived from October 3 - 9, 1994 AVHRR NDVI and Surface Temperature Data 97E021 c-1
  27. 27. Seasonal Lightning Summary December 1997, January 1998, February 1998 97E021 c-2
  28. 28. Distributed Active Archive Centers 97E021 c-3
  29. 29. EOS Constellation 97E021 c-4
  30. 30. Architecture Drivers Towards... Federated data and information infrastructure Scalable, extendable components Object oriented design and development (seamless view of data) Internet access Policy/Business/Data model neutral Long term archive and retrieval Data advertising and subscription service Open layered architecture with highly developed metadata system A more evolutionary system 97E021 c-5
  31. 31. SDPS Characteristics Federated Interoperable Infrastructure - Business Neutral Policy Neutral Data Neutral 100 - 260 Data Types 75+ COTS Products Integrated 730 GB/Day => 3 Petabyte by 2002 Long-term Archive/Retrieval Systems Web Based with Self Evolving JAVA Coded Client-browser Interface 1.2 Million Lines of Custom C++ Code 240 Gflops Processing Power Object Architecture - 97E021 8 Ground Sites Sophisticated Metadata Advanced Middleware 40+ Scientific Computing Centers COTS Friendly 10,000+ Users c-6
  32. 32. EOSDIS Data Flows and Elements 97E021 c-7
  33. 33. The ECS Digital Library 97E021 c-8
  34. 34. Data Volumes 2500.00 ASTER CERES MISR MODIS MOPITT DAO Landsat 7 SeaWinds DFA MR SAGE III 2000.00 1500.00 1000.00 T B Y T E S 500.00 0.00 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 YEAR 97E021 d-1
  35. 35. StorageTek Silo 97E021 d-2
  36. 36. EMASS Silo 97E021 d-3
  37. 37. SDPS Architecture 97E021 d-4
  38. 38. Library Analogy 97E021 d-5
  39. 39. Processing Levels 97E021 d-6
  40. 40. Example Categories for Granule-Level and Collection-Level Metadata Granule Platform, Instrument, Sensor Platform, Instrument, Sensor Spatial and Temporal Delivered Algorithm Package Orbit Parameters Guide Browse Bibliographic Reference QA Data Statistics Papers/Documents Production History 97E021 Collection Keyword d-7
  41. 41. Client Services List • User Registration • Advertise • Guide / Document Search • Inventory Search • Data Order • Browse • Subsetting • Aster DAR / DPR • Data Dictionary • Subscription • Science Quality / Metadata Update 97E021 d-8
  42. 42. Spatial Search 97E021 d-9
  43. 43. View Browse 97E021 d-10
  44. 44. ESOD 97E021 d-11
  45. 45. The ECS Standard Data Format: HDF-EOS • HDF-EOS is an extension of NCSA’s Heirarchical Data Format (HDF) • Includes ECS Core Metadata as an attribute stored in ODL format (allows geolocation information to be conveyed) • Format is standardized and self-describing • Files are manipulated and services applied via an API In addition to standard HDF structures, 3 additional structures have been added: Point, Grid, and Swath POINT GRID SWATH Spatially oriented data with a known mathematical transformation between row/col and lat/long Time- or track- oriented data with geolocation per data element or scan line Table Data with no predetermined orientation in time or space. Geolocation and time supplied with every point 97E021 d-12

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