The Kansas Nebraska Act

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The Kansas Nebraska Act

  1. 1. The Kansas-Nebraska Act<br />By Jeffrey Letourneau, Matt Schamber, and Kevin Flynn<br />
  2. 2. Stephen A. Douglas<br />Lawyer from Illinois<br />Expansionist<br />Admirer of Andrew Jackson<br />In 1854, Douglas proposed bill to organize Kansas and Nebraska<br />Wanted to create a transcontinental railroad<br />Create continuous line of settlement from coast to coast<br />
  3. 3. Transcontinental Railroad<br />Settle unorganized territory and reach California<br />Would run from Chicago to San Francisco<br />
  4. 4. Problems<br />Douglas accurately foresaw two problems with his proposed railroad<br />First, many southerners wanted the railroad to start in Memphis or New Orleans<br />Didn’t want Kansas and Nebraska organized as the Missouri Compromise of 1820 prevented slavery in that region<br />
  5. 5. Kansas-Nebraska Act<br />Separated unorganized territory into Kansas and Nebraska Territories<br />Repealed Missouri Compromise<br />Said slavery in the two new states would be determined by popular sovereignty<br />
  6. 6. Political Impact<br />The Kansas-Nebraska Act<br />passed and was signed by<br />President Pierce in 1854<br />However, not a single Whig<br />voted for it, disapproving of the repealing of the Missouri Compromise<br />This led to the end of the second party system, bringing about the death of the Whig party<br />
  7. 7. Impact on Slavery<br />The use of popular sovereignty was intended to maintain the balance of slave states and free states<br />Most assumed Nebraska would be a free state and Kansas would be a slave state<br />Because this huge expanse of land could sway the nation in favor of or against slavery, both sides sought to control it<br />
  8. 8. Bleeding Kansas<br />Abolitionists rushed into<br />Kansas hoping to sway the<br />vote in favor of abolition<br />Missouri residents known<br />as “border ruffians” crossed the border and voted illegally in support of slavery<br />John Brown, a staunch abolitionist, killed five pro-slavery settlers at the Pottawatomie Massacre<br />Open violence on both sides<br />This violence ended the peace that the Missouri Compromise had brought about, and the small war called “Bloody Kansas” was a prelude to the Civil War<br />
  9. 9. Spread of Conflict <br />The future of Kansas was not an issue isolated to the state itself<br />Charles Sumner described the Kansas-Nebraska Act’s repeal of the Missouri Compromise as a “Crime Against<br />Kansas”<br />Attacked by another<br />Congressman<br />
  10. 10. Works Cited<br />"Kansas-Nebraska Act." The History Place. 1996. Web. 01 May 2011. <http://www.historyplace.com/lincoln/kansas.htm>.<br />"Kansas-Nebraska Act — Infoplease.com." Infoplease. Web. 01 May 2011. <http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0827030.html>.<br />"Kansas-Nebraska Act." United States History. Web. 01 May 2011. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h83.html>.<br />"Douglas Biography." Stephen A. Douglas Association. Web. 01 May 2011. <http://www.stephenadouglas.org/douglas-biography.html>.<br />

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