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The Kansas Nebraska Act
The Kansas Nebraska Act
The Kansas Nebraska Act
The Kansas Nebraska Act
The Kansas Nebraska Act
The Kansas Nebraska Act
The Kansas Nebraska Act
The Kansas Nebraska Act
The Kansas Nebraska Act
The Kansas Nebraska Act
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The Kansas Nebraska Act

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  • 1. The Kansas-Nebraska Act
    By Jeffrey Letourneau, Matt Schamber, and Kevin Flynn
  • 2. Stephen A. Douglas
    Lawyer from Illinois
    Expansionist
    Admirer of Andrew Jackson
    In 1854, Douglas proposed bill to organize Kansas and Nebraska
    Wanted to create a transcontinental railroad
    Create continuous line of settlement from coast to coast
  • 3. Transcontinental Railroad
    Settle unorganized territory and reach California
    Would run from Chicago to San Francisco
  • 4. Problems
    Douglas accurately foresaw two problems with his proposed railroad
    First, many southerners wanted the railroad to start in Memphis or New Orleans
    Didn’t want Kansas and Nebraska organized as the Missouri Compromise of 1820 prevented slavery in that region
  • 5. Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Separated unorganized territory into Kansas and Nebraska Territories
    Repealed Missouri Compromise
    Said slavery in the two new states would be determined by popular sovereignty
  • 6. Political Impact
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act
    passed and was signed by
    President Pierce in 1854
    However, not a single Whig
    voted for it, disapproving of the repealing of the Missouri Compromise
    This led to the end of the second party system, bringing about the death of the Whig party
  • 7. Impact on Slavery
    The use of popular sovereignty was intended to maintain the balance of slave states and free states
    Most assumed Nebraska would be a free state and Kansas would be a slave state
    Because this huge expanse of land could sway the nation in favor of or against slavery, both sides sought to control it
  • 8. Bleeding Kansas
    Abolitionists rushed into
    Kansas hoping to sway the
    vote in favor of abolition
    Missouri residents known
    as “border ruffians” crossed the border and voted illegally in support of slavery
    John Brown, a staunch abolitionist, killed five pro-slavery settlers at the Pottawatomie Massacre
    Open violence on both sides
    This violence ended the peace that the Missouri Compromise had brought about, and the small war called “Bloody Kansas” was a prelude to the Civil War
  • 9. Spread of Conflict
    The future of Kansas was not an issue isolated to the state itself
    Charles Sumner described the Kansas-Nebraska Act’s repeal of the Missouri Compromise as a “Crime Against
    Kansas”
    Attacked by another
    Congressman
  • 10. Works Cited
    "Kansas-Nebraska Act." The History Place. 1996. Web. 01 May 2011. <http://www.historyplace.com/lincoln/kansas.htm>.
    "Kansas-Nebraska Act — Infoplease.com." Infoplease. Web. 01 May 2011. <http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0827030.html>.
    "Kansas-Nebraska Act." United States History. Web. 01 May 2011. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h83.html>.
    "Douglas Biography." Stephen A. Douglas Association. Web. 01 May 2011. <http://www.stephenadouglas.org/douglas-biography.html>.

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