The Open Ecosystem: Issues and challenges for Institutional RepositoriesPresentation Transcript
The Open Ecosystem
Issues and challenges for Institutional Repositories
H Anil Kumar
Librarian, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad
Jyoti Nivas College , February 18, 2014
The Open Ecosystem
Trends in Education
IRs: Importance, Issues and Challenges
The Open Ecosystem
The proportion of the UK’s total annual research
output that was available through open access in
2012 was about 40%, compared to a worldwide
average of 20%.
The latest data from the UK Open Access
Implementation Group shows that 35% of the UK’s
total research outputs are freely provided through
Green, through an existing network of more than
200 active institutional and disciplinary repositories
• All agree that it is needed but….funding!
• Unsustainable subs
Serials expenditures have been rising at approximately
triple the rate of the consumer price index over this time
Current business model in the
Currently, public funds are used three times in the research process
– to pay the academics who conduct the research
– to pay the salaries of the academics who conduct the peer review process
– to pay for access to this research through institutional journal subscriptions
UK HE libraries
Are we being charged more or less than another – No idea
More than £150m subscriptions annually
Yet cannot afford to access all the research that is needed
The power to negotiate is driven down
There is mounting concern that the financial benefits from the Government’s
substantial investment in research are being diverted to an excessive degree
into the pockets of publishers’ shareholders.
Hole in the wall
Self-Organized Learning Environments (SOLEs)
Learn at your own pace and interest
Supplement learning in the classroom
Less dependency on formal support
Variety and wide range of choices
Explore new ways of learning
Learning and education
• Formal methods
– Classroom training
– Laboratory training
– On the job or apprenticeship
• Non-formal methods
– Self-study and Reading
– Watching, seeing and trying
– Institutes / schools / industries / employers
– Libraries and laboratories
Why go beyond formal methods?
The 95 Percent Solution: School is not where most Americans learn most
of their science by John H. Falk and Lynn D. Dierking
Recent findings challenge the longstanding belief that the place for
science knowledge acquisition is the classroom.
International comparisons of trends in science knowledge over lifetimes
suggests that much if not most science knowledge is acquired outside of
American Scientist: v. 98 (Nov-Dec), 2010
A Magazine Is an iPad That Does Not Work.m4v.mp4
• The prison industry needs to
plan its future growth – how
many cells are they going to
need? How many prisoners
are there going to be, 15
years from now? And they
found they could predict it
very easily, using a pretty
simple algorithm, based on
asking what percentage of
10 and 11-year-olds couldn't
read. And certainly couldn't
read for pleasure.
Well-meaning adults can easily destroy a child's love of reading: stop them reading
what they enjoy, or give them worthy-but-dull books that you like, the
21st-century equivalents of Victorian "improving" literature. You'll wind up with a
generation convinced that reading is uncool and worse,
China in 2007, at the first party-approved science
convention in Chinese history.
fiction and fantasy
It's simple, he told me. The Chinese were brilliant at making things if other people
But they did not innovate and
they did not invent. They did not imagine. So they
brought them the plans.
sent a delegation to the US, to Apple, to Microsoft, to Google, and they asked the
people there who were inventing the future about themselves.
found that all of them had read science
fiction when they were boys or girls.
Libraries and IRs
• Archiving Need
• Current emphasis on research (doctoral,
• Cost of accessing other research
• Improve quality of our research
• Access a credible network of Indian
researchers and their research
Why is it important?
Overall improvement of academic culture
Transparency of outcomes
Better ranking of institutions
Facilitates evaluation of collections
Demand for ‘India Context’ research
Changing metrics of impact or use of
Issues and challenges
Impact on scholarship
Content: Data vs Analysis
Institutional and National Policies
Discoverability and search
Integration with other resources
Metrics of usage
Full Text Resources
Thesis and Dissertation (291)
Working Papers (2028)
Book Chapters (875)
Annual Reports (48)
Journal /Magazine articles (2629)
News Paper Clippings (195)
Conference Proceedings (130)
Research Projects (855)
Video Archives (1)
Cases and notes (2262)
Student Projects (0)
Newspaper Articles 
Up gradation to New
Harvesting data from
Analyze research trends
Capture ongoing research
Overall library trends to keep in mind…
Space is of prime importance.
Open movement is here!
Content – Data – Technology – Education – Talent
Technology trend - cloud and mobile would affect the interface.
Library Services – collection owning / building to collection access.
Library talent will move from so called traditional work to actually Traditional
WORK – ‘Help Discover’.
Focus on domain expertise as the reference queries would be multidisciplinary.
Entrepreneurship will also become important in all domains of education.
Research in the context India is becoming very important and therefore IR will
become extremely useful.
In this context need for data that is India specific would increase.
Move from support to partnering roles!