Emerging Trends in Librarianship 2014

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Talk delivered at TCS Gandhinagar on August 21, 2014

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Emerging Trends in Librarianship 2014

  1. 1. Emerging trends in Librarianship: the new age ecosystem, issues and challenges H Anil Kumar Librarian, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad August 21, 2014
  2. 2. OUTLINE •The New Open Ecosystem •Education: Linking Libraries to the Ecosystem •What are the Emerging trends in Librarianship? •Vikram Sarabhai Library: A briefing
  3. 3. The Open Ecosystem •Society •Government •Institutions •Information •Data •Technology •Scholarship •Publishing •Peer Review •Education •Knowledge •Talent
  4. 4. www.opensocietyfoundations.org/
  5. 5. www.opengovpartnership.org
  6. 6. http://www.openscholarship.org
  7. 7. okfn.org/opendata/
  8. 8. https://index.okfn.org/
  9. 9. http://www.openbookpublishers.com
  10. 10. http://www.openscholar.org.uk/open-peer-review/
  11. 11. http://www.peerageofscience.org/
  12. 12. •The proportion of the UK’s total annual research output that was available through open access in 2012 was about 40%, compared to a worldwide average of 20%. •The latest data from the UK Open Access Implementation Group shows that 35% of the UK’s total research outputs are freely provided through Green, through an existing network of more than 200 active institutional and disciplinary repositories •Inevitable •All agree that it is needed but….funding! •Unsustainable subs
  13. 13. Serials expenditures have been rising at approximately triple the rate of the consumer price index over this time
  14. 14. Current business model in the scholarly publishing •Currently, public funds are used three times in the research process –to pay the academics who conduct the research –to pay the salaries of the academics who conduct the peer review process –to pay for access to this research through institutional journal subscriptions •UK HE libraries –More than £150m subscriptions annually –Yet cannot afford to access all the research that is needed •Are we being charged more or less than another – No idea –The power to negotiate is driven down •There is mounting concern that the financial benefits from the Government’s substantial investment in research are being diverted to an excessive degree into the pockets of publishers’ shareholders.
  15. 15. http://www.opendoar.org/
  16. 16. http://roar.eprints.org/
  17. 17. https://www.oercommons.org/
  18. 18. http://onicra.com/intranet/2013/Onicra-Pulse-Jan-2013-Quality-of-Education-In-India-v2.html
  19. 19. Government Initiatives in Education •Improve Access –More institutions –Improve infrastructure –E-learning –Improve GER •Improve quality –Entry - admissions –Experience •Design - curriculum •Delivery – pedagogy •Choice based credits •Teacher training •Learning materials –Evaluation •Learning focus •Application orientation •Grades vs marks
  20. 20. Resources 20% Environment 20% Connectivity 20% Output 40%
  21. 21. India and education •Education –Identify what to get educated on –Identify which institution provides it –Apply –Exam - Admission – Fees –Coursework – Exam – Certificate (credible) •Education today –Too many applicants and too few seats –India GER is a little over 19% –Unemployable – skill deficiency –Employer is educating! •Quality of education –Lack of access to •Teachers •Courses •Information Resources •Something wrong in pedagogy –Low reading – Academically adrift –5% learning in the classroom
  22. 22. Hole in the wall Self-Organized Learning Environments (SOLEs)
  23. 23. Technology Advantages •The power of the Internet and GOOGLE •Learn at your own pace and interest •Technology and Hole in the wall •Supplement learning in the classroom •Joyning, Betterment and Jailbreaking •Less dependency on formal support •Variety and wide range of choices •Open Ecosystem •Explore new ways of learning
  24. 24. Learning and education •Formal methods –Classroom training –Laboratory training –On the job or apprenticeship •Non-formal methods –Self-study and Reading –Watching, seeing and trying •Sources –Institutes / schools / industries / employers –Libraries and laboratories –Internet
  25. 25. Libraries
  26. 26. Why go beyond formal methods? •The 95 Percent Solution: School is not where most Americans learn most of their science by John H. Falk and Lynn D. Dierking •Recent findings challenge the longstanding belief that the place for science knowledge acquisition is the classroom. •International comparisons of trends in science knowledge over lifetimes suggests that much if not most science knowledge is acquired outside of school. American Scientist: v. 98 (Nov-Dec), 2010
  27. 27. •The prison industry needs to plan its future growth – how many cells are they going to need? How many prisoners are there going to be, 15 years from now? •And they found they could predict it very easily, using a pretty simple algorithm, based on asking what percentage of 10 and 11-year-olds couldn't read. And certainly couldn't read for pleasure.
  28. 28. •Well-meaning adults can easily destroy a child's love of reading: stop them reading what they enjoy, or give them worthy-but-dull books that you like, the 21st-century equivalents of Victorian "improving" literature. You'll wind up with a generation convinced that reading is uncool and worse, unpleasant. •China in 2007, at the first party-approved science fiction and fantasy convention in Chinese history. •It's simple, he told me. The Chinese were brilliant at making things if other people brought them the plans. But they did not innovate and they did not invent. They did not imagine. So they sent a delegation to the US, to Apple, to Microsoft, to Google, and they asked the people there who were inventing the future about themselves. •And they found that all of them had read science fiction when they were boys or girls.
  29. 29. Universities, ours and theirs Krishna Kumar (in The Hindu, August 9, 2012) •Recruitment of faculty •Concept of teaching (periods) •Concept of knowledge – research •Library •The fourth critical difference lies in the library. In the West, even in the most ordinary universities, the library forms the centre of life, both for teachers and students. Librarians enjoy a high status as their contribution to academic life cuts across academic disciplines…..
  30. 30. Emerging trends: New Age Librarianship… •Open Ecosystem –Data –Information-Knowledge-Technology–Education–Talent •Technology –On the Cloud –Mobile - remote –Open and Integrated –Drives customised solutions / services •Library Services –Collection Owning to Content Access –Organising to Discovery OR Managing to Connecting –Focus from Collection to User –Customisation is demanded –Time is of essence - Delivery speed is faster now!
  31. 31. New Age Librarianship •Library talent –Collection - Technology – Users –Domain expertise –Personal interactions –Traditional work is important - Move towards the Actual Tradition of – ‘Helping to Discover’ •User needs –reference queries would be multidisciplinary – move beyond traditional subject boundaries –Entrepreneurial objectives –Research in the Indian context •IRs will become extremely useful •ILL has to be redesigned –Safe – secure – social – learning space
  32. 32. New Age Librarianship •Content –Beyond traditional boundaries and formats –Print vs Digital –Closed / proprietary Vs Open –Discoverable –Accessible •Management –ROI and Advocacy –Content – Talent – Technology –Space is of prime importance –User participation –Individual Vs Team – Leadership •Education and Libraries are not separate •Move from support to partnering roles!
  33. 33. Vikram Sarabhai Library Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad
  34. 34. Set up by the Government of India in collaboration with the Government of Gujarat and Indian industry as an autonomous institution in 1961
  35. 35. •2 yr. PGP in Management (MBA) •2 yr. PGP in ABM (MBA) •1 yr. PGPX (MBA) •FPM (Ph.D.) •FDP for teachers in universities and colleges •Management Development Programmes (MDPs) •Armed Force Programme The Major programmes:
  36. 36. The library is named after the Institute’s founder, Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, World renowned physicist and founder Director and was set up in 1962.
  37. 37. 92 Vision / Mission of VSL To facilitate the teaching /learning, research, training and consulting needs of the faculty, students and staff of IIMA
  38. 38. www.iimahd.ernet.in/library/
  39. 39. Subjects covered Economics Social Sciences Research Methods Mathematics/Statistics Management -General Business Ethics Business Policy Entrepreneurship Finance Leadership Marketing/Advertising OB & HRM PQM Public relations Other subjects…. General Collection
  40. 40. Library Resources Books (print) 1,83,709 Books online 80,000 Bound Volumes of Periodicals 44,399 Journals (print) 222 Journals (online) 12,352 Indian Journals 281 Electronic Databases 67 Working Papers 2,422 Thesis 293 Student Projects 1,967 Newspapers (print) 30 Newspapers (online) 2000 CDs / Videos 2,292
  41. 41. Circulation Desk
  42. 42. Paper Reading Area
  43. 43. Discussion Room
  44. 44. Cyber Lab
  45. 45. New Arrivals (Every Monday)
  46. 46. Reuters Terminal (Live Capital Markets Database)
  47. 47. Faculty Publications •
  48. 48. CD/DVD Collection
  49. 49. Current General Magazines
  50. 50. Reference & Reading Area (Second Floor)
  51. 51. Print Journals (Second Floor)
  52. 52. Compact Shelves of Thesis and Working Projects (Second Floor)
  53. 53. Individual Carrels (Each Floor)
  54. 54. 110 Stack Area by Floor “Ground” Floor: Government Publications 1st Floor: 001 to 338.890 + Hindi Books 2nd Floor: 338.9 to 658.478 + Reference books and Current Periodicals 3rd Floor: 658.5 to 996 and A – I Bound Volumes 4th Floor: I – Z Bound Volumes
  55. 55. Books Arrangement on the Shelves
  56. 56. Spine labels… Call Number Call Number
  57. 57. Date Slip
  58. 58. Book Card on Last Page •Issue Date •Due Date •Member No. •Signature
  59. 59. Reference Books (R) Call Number
  60. 60. Faculty Publications (FP) Call Number
  61. 61. Children Collection Call Number
  62. 62. Journal Bound Volumes
  63. 63. Journal Bound Volumes Volume, Issue, Month & Year
  64. 64. Bound Newspapers Economic Times 1965 – 2013 Financial Express 1967-2013 Financial Times (UK) 1977 – 2013 Wall Street Journal (Asia) 1976-1980 Mint 2007-2013
  65. 65. Bound Newspapers…
  66. 66. Bound Newspapers… March 28, 1966 (Bombay)
  67. 67. Users Category No. of Members Faculty / Visiting Faculty 102 / 14 Retired Faculty / Staff 02 / 02 Alumni Member 30 Officers / Staff / Res. Staff 24/158/4 Research Staff / Academic Associates 40/78 PGP1 / PGP2 414/395 FPM 97 ABM1 / ABM2 48 / 56 Armed Forces Programme 65 PGPX 85 FDP 30 PGP Exchange Students 74 External Members 254 Total 1972
  68. 68. 124 External Regular Membership Type of Membership Refundable Deposit Loan Limit Annual fee Alumni (PGP / FPM/ AFP /FDP), Former Employees, Board members (present and past), Academic Visitors (recommended by faculty) 5,000 2 Books for 30 days NIL 10,000 5 Books for 30 days Individuals working in academic institutions / non-profit / government organizations, MDP Alumni, Retired Faculty 5,000 2 Books for 30 days 3,600 10,000 5 Books for 30 days Individuals working in corporate / for- profit 5,000 2 Books for 30 days 9,600 10,000 5 Books for 30 days Institutions (academic / government / non-profit) 20,000 4 Books for 30 days 12,000 Institutions ( Corporate / for-profit) 50,000 4 Books for 30 days 30,000
  69. 69. External Reading only Membership Type of Membership 1 Week 1 Month 3 Months Persons working in academic / non-profit / government institutions, MDP alumni Rs. 300 Rs. 700 Rs. 1500
  70. 70. 126 Borrowing privileges Category Resources Duration Faculty UL 16 weeks PGP 08 14 days PGPX 08 14 days FDP 06 30 days FPM 20 16 Weeks AFP 06 30 days
  71. 71. 127 The Library remains open throughout the year. Library Timings •Issue-Return Hours •Monday-Friday 8.45 AM to 10.00 PM •Saturday & Sunday 9.00 AM to 5.45 PM •Library Hours 24 x 7
  72. 72. ♦ The library has been automated using Koha ♦ VSL is wi-fi enabled ♦ Collection is bar-coded ♦ D-space for IR ♦ Website using – Joomla ♦ Remote login solution IT @ VSL
  73. 73. 129 Library Services Circulation / Reservation /Reprography Reference Services Current Awareness Service Information Research Assistance Inter Library Loan Services - Networking and resource sharing Compilation of Bibliographies News Archive Visitors orientation Remote login
  74. 74. Visitors Record 2013 -14 Month Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 Nov-13 Dec-13 Jan-14 Feb-14 Mar-14 Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Monthly 13171 13617 14998 11291 10619 12170 10535 10463 4697 4761 11658 16908 Average per Day 425 454 484 376 343 393 376 338 157 164 389 545
  75. 75. Inter Library Loan Section 2013-14 Month Internal Queries External Queries Total Queries August 30 80 110 September 37 100 137 October 41 63 104 November 43 78 121 December 87 79 166 January 28 100 128 February 43 82 125 March 60 105 165 April 59 71 130 May 33 118 151 June 73 90 163 July 55 67 122 Total 589 1003 1622 Average Per Month 49 86 135
  76. 76. www.iimahd.ernet.in/library/ Online Catalogue (http://vslopac.iimahd.ernet.in) Web OPAC – a personalized library account for members
  77. 77. New Arrival books Login with Username & Password Enter your search Keyword Categories like Title, Author
  78. 78. Issue, Return Summary Personal Summary Renew your books Book Purchase Suggestions
  79. 79. Time Series Advance Search Enter your search Keyword or Categories like Title, Author Select Item Categories
  80. 80. Refine Search Options Title details Availability of book Call No.
  81. 81. A to Z E-Journals (For Searching Particular Journal) A to Z E-Journals (For Searching Particular Journal)
  82. 82. Name of the Journal Name of the Journal Database and Its Subscription period
  83. 83. Journal Issues
  84. 84. EBSCO Discovery Search Service Direct
  85. 85. Sign in Search by Keywords, Title, Author Advanced Search Option
  86. 86. Boolean Search Option Subject wise searching
  87. 87. Total results of your given query Full Text and, peer reviewed and in collection Time series selection Facility to limit Search with other IIMs catalogs
  88. 88. Refine your search by source types Refine your search by Subject Refine your search by Publisher
  89. 89. IIMA Institutional Repository IIM Bangalore IIM Indore
  90. 90. Online Resources – Select database by type
  91. 91. Search by name of the database Online Resources – Select database by type One pager 22 pages Remote login
  92. 92. Category wise all databases
  93. 93. Institutional Repository@VSL
  94. 94. Enter your Search Keyword and Click Go Advanced search IIM-A Publication - Thesis & Dissertation, Students projects, Working Papers etc.
  95. 95. Search Thesis & Dissertations on “ Human Resource Management Search Thesis & Dissertations on “Human Resource Management” by Authors, Subject and Date
  96. 96. NICMAN
  97. 97. NICMAN Membership CCM & CIM subscription
  98. 98. IIMA in News Library announcement Quick reference Most used databases Library collection
  99. 99. THANKS anilkumar@iimahd.ernet.in

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