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Emerging Trends in Librarianship (2008)
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Emerging Trends in Librarianship (2008)



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  • 1. H. Anil KumarLibrarian, Indian Institute of Management, AhmedabadAugust 9, 2008Emerging trends in Librarianship
  • 2. video
  • 3. Is this the library of the future?By Megan LaneBBC News Online• The word library is set to fade from ourvocabulary - but not because weve fallen outof love with books. Todays libraries arebeing made over as "idea stores", completewith cafés, crèches and multi-mediaofferings.http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/2859845.stm
  • 4. LibrarianshipUsers Collection StaffResourcesUnderstand and service the needs of users– faculty, students and researchersLibrarianship
  • 5. Librarianship• Users (Needs)– Identifying and seeking continuously– Designing, delivering and managing services– Matching or facilitating access– InteractionVALUE TO THE USER
  • 6. Librarianship• Collection– Identify and Seek– Capture, Acquire and Access– Retrieve and Communicate– Manage and MonitorVALUE TO THE USER
  • 7. Librarianship• Staff– Identify and Seek– Recruit and train– Facilitate, Manage and Understand– InteractVALUE TO THE USER
  • 8. Technologies in Libraries• Library automation packages– CDS/ ISIS, Libsys, Liberty, VTLS, etc– Open Source like KOHA, NewGenlib,LearningAccess ILS, etc• Storage– PCs, Floppy disks, CDs / DVDs / etc– Pen drives, Portable HDs, Blu Ray Disk• Identification– Barcode, Tattle-tape, RFID, Biometric, etc
  • 9. Technologies in Libraries• Information capture– Key board, Scanner, Digital Cameras,Mobiles, etc• Network– Client-server, P2P, Internet• Databases– Books, articles, reports, aggregators,publishers, IRs
  • 10. Technologies in Libraries• Information retrieval– Simple OPAC to Federated searches like a package tour – articles, books,videos, teachers lectures, diagrams, etc– Seamless integration of various sources– Remote login / VPN• User need not worry where the information is located• Online Usage statistics• User customized displays• User Identification is simpler and secure
  • 11. Technologies in Libraries• Features– Storage– Speed– Ease of use– Handling large volumes of information– Interoperability– Integration
  • 12. Technologies in Libraries• Networking or connecting technologies is easier– Open Standards - well defined interface– Componentization developments– Service oriented convergence• Wireless• Mobile• Integration of Capture – Store – Authenticate –Retrieve• Location and distances don’t matter for access
  • 13. Emerging Trends - Technologies• Technologies that will enable the development ofCollaboration, Next Generation Architecture and Real WorldWeb are highlighted as being particularly significant.– Collaboration• Peer to Peer (P2P)• Desktop Search• Podcasting• Really Simple Syndication (RSS)• Corporate Blogging• WikisGartner Highlights
  • 14. Emerging Trends - Technologies• Next Generation Architecture– Service Oriented Architecture (SOA)– Web Services-Enabled Business Models– Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL)– Business Process Platforms (BPP)• Real World Web– Location-aware applications– Radio Frequency Identification– Mesh Networks — SensorGartner Highlights
  • 15. P2P• A sharing and delivery of user specified files among groups ofpeople who are logged on to a file sharing network. Napsterwas the first mainstream P2P software that enabled large scalefile sharing.www.mp3-cdburner.com/MP3-glossary.shtml• Peer-to-peer networking (P2P) is an application that runs on apersonal computer and shares files with other users across theInternet. P2P networks work by connecting individualcomputers together to share files instead of having to gothrough a central server.www.netalert.net.au/01990-Glossary.aspEmerging Trends - Technologies
  • 16. Desktop Search• Desktop search is the name for the emerging field of searchtools which search the contents of a users own computer files,rather than searching the Internet. The emphasis is on datamining all the information that is available on the users PC,including web browser histories, e-mail archives, word-processor documents, and so on.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desktop_searchEmerging Trends - Technologies
  • 17. Podcasting• Podcasting, a portmanteau of Apples "iPod" and"broadcasting", is a method of publishing files to the Internet,allowing users to subscribe to a feed and receive new filesautomatically by subscription, usually at no cost. It firstbecame popular in late 2004, used largely for audio files.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podcasting• Podcasting entails audio content that is delivered via an RSSfeed presenting a downloadable or streaming file (often mp3).Emerging Trends - Technologies
  • 18. Blogs• A weblog (usually shortened to blog, but occasionally spelledweb log) is a web-based publication consisting primarily ofperiodic articles (normally in reverse chronological order).• Although most early weblogs were manually updated, tools toautomate the maintenance of such sites made them accessibleto a much larger population, and the use of some sort ofbrowser-based software is now a typical aspect of "blogging".en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BlogsEmerging Trends - Technologies
  • 19. Wikis• A wiki (pronounced , or ; see Pronunciation below) is a webapplication that allows users to add content, as on an Internetforum, but also allows anyone to edit the content. Wiki alsorefers to the collaborative software used to create such awebsite (see Wiki software).en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WikisEmerging Trends - Technologies
  • 20. RSS• RSS is a family of XML file formats for web syndication used bynews websites and weblogs. They are used to provide itemscontaining short descriptions of web content together with a link tothe full version of the content. This information is delivered as anXML file called RSS feed, webfeed, RSS stream, or RSS channel.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RSS_(protocol)• (Rich Site Summary or RDF [Resource Description Framework] SiteSummary). An XML format for sharing content among differentWeb sites such as news items. How does it work? A Web site canallow other sites to publish some of its content by creating an RSSdocument and registers the document with an RSS publisher. Aweb publisher can post a link to the rss feed so users can read thedistributed content on his/her site. ...mason.gmu.edu/~montecin/netterms.htmEmerging Trends - Technologies
  • 21. Emerging Trends - User Environment Instant messaging SMS MMS Blogs Social networking sitesa very different communication environment forcing librariansto rethink their communication strategies
  • 22. Emerging trends - Internet• Beyond connectivity and bandwidth• Social networking – Orkut, facebook, myspace, etc• Blogs• Sharing of files and information– Open access– IR• No physical carrying of files– Mail sites– Box.net– Mediamax.com• Personal information management– Del.icio.us – similicio.us– Google – desktop search, earth, scholar, video, organiser, biorythm,news, etc• Simple / interesting tools– Google pages– Chacha.com– Deep web – closerlook, northernlights– stumbleupon– cuil
  • 23. Emerging trends - management• Space – digital and physical• SUSHI - standardised usage statisticsharvesting initiative• Archiving Institutional Knowledge• Outsourcing• Lib 2.0• Long Tail
  • 24. Lib 2.0• Any service, physical or virtual thatsuccessfully reaches users, is evaluatedfrequently and makes use of customer inputis a Library 2.0 service.• Library 2.0 will be a meeting place, online orin the physical world, where [library users’]needs will be fulfilled through entertainment,information and the ability to create (their)own stuff to contribute to the ocean ofcontent out there.Library 2.0 by Michael E. Casey and L.C. Savastinuk – www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6365200.html
  • 25. Chris Anderson’s Long Tail
  • 26. Long Tail• 80 – 20 principle (Pareto)• Chris Anderson “The Long Tail” in Wiredmagazine (10/05)• Selling fewer of a larger variety of objects tomore people than a brick-and-mortar store• Amazon will have more than just best sellers(20%)• Libraries follow this for time immemorial asthey would not have survived otherwiseServing the Niche: Katherine Mossman – www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6349032.html
  • 27. Long Tail• Best sellers drive the demand for towardsspecial interests like ‘read-alike lists’ ‘booksbought by buyer who bought this book’• Net facilitates this for libraries like‘whatdoireadnext.com’• Filters technology or slick technology– People or software that help you find what youwant in the long tail, driving demand from hits toniches• Amazon makes more money in niche itemsrather than best sellersServing the Niche: Katherine Mossman – www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6349032.html
  • 28. Long Tail: Eight lessons• Be responsive to your customers• Locate, define and reach underserved• Find ways to solve all problems related to access• Librarians are not information brokers butinformation filters• You can compete with free• Embrace the paradox that internet (google, wiki) isour competitor and also not our competitor• Capitalize on all types of service points, ‘real’ and‘virtual’ to the patrons greatest end• Using Google for research is like “working for lessthan minimum wages”Serving the Niche: Katherine Mossman – www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6349032.html
  • 29. Challenges & Opportunities• Open Access• Legal Issues (DMCA,..)• Reading Space• Indian Reading habits NOP Index• Institutional Repositories
  • 30. Watching TV Listening to Radio ReadingComputer/Internet(Not for Work)***16.6 (Av.) 13.3 8.0 (Av.) 4.1 6.5 (Av.) 8.9(Av.)7.9MeanHoursMeanHoursMeanHoursMeanHoursThailand 22.4 Argentina 20.8 India 10.7 Taiwan 12.6Philippines 21.0 Brazil 17.2 Thailand 9.4 Thailand 11.7Egypt 20.9 South Africa 15.0 China 8.0 Spain 11.5Turkey 20.2 CzechRepublic13.5 Philippines 7.6 Hungary 10.9Indonesia 19.7 Thailand 13.3 Egypt 7.5 China 10.8USA 19.0 Turkey 13.3 CzechRepublic7.4 HongKong10.7Taiwan 18.9 Poland 12.5 Russia 7.1 Poland 10.6Brazil 18.4 Hungary 12.1 Sweden 6.9 Turkey 10.6U.K. 18.0 Germany 11.5 France 6.9 Brazil 10.5Japan 17.9 Australia 11.3 Hungary 6.8 Egypt 10.3http://www.nopworld.com/news.asp?go=news_item&key=179
  • 31. • Resources’ Usage and Usage Evaluation• Library Users – virtual users –interact with theprofiles• Seamless integration• Information Literacy and Personal Counseling• Professional ManagementChallenges & Opportunities
  • 32. Useful Resources for librarians …
  • 33. http://www.doaj.org
  • 34. THANK YOU!anilkumar@iimahd.ernet.in