Socializing Big Data: Collaborative Opportunities in Computer Science, the Social Sciences, and the Humanitiesno
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Socializing Big Data: Collaborative Opportunities in Computer Science, the Social Sciences, and the Humanitiesno

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Harnessing the “data deluge” is promoting new conversations between disciplines. Prof. Marciano and his collaborators have been pursuing research in a number of areas including: big cultural ...

Harnessing the “data deluge” is promoting new conversations between disciplines. Prof. Marciano and his collaborators have been pursuing research in a number of areas including: big cultural data, access to big heterogeneous data, records in the cloud, federated grid/cloud storage, visual interfaces to large collections, policy-based frameworks to automate content management, and distributed cyberinfrastructure to enable data sharing. But more importantly, innovative technical approaches require the convergence of creative insights across computer science, the social sciences, and the humanities. This talk touches on these topics and highlights a new collaboration with partners at Duke.



Richard Marciano is a professor in the School of Information and Library Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Director of the Sustainable Archives and Leveraging Technologies (SALT) lab, and co-director of the Digital Innovation Lab (DIL). He leads development of "big data" projects funded by Mellon, NSF, NARA, NHPRC, IMLS, DHS, NIEHS, and UNC. Recent 2012 grants include a JISC Digging into Data award with UC Berkeley and the U. of Liverpool, called "Integrating Data Mining and Data Management Technologies for Scholarly Inquiry," a Mellon / UNC award called "Carolina Digital Humanities Initiative," which involves the translating of big data challenges into curricular opportunities, and an NSF award on big heterogeneous data integration.

He holds a B.S. in Avionics and Electrical Engineering, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in Computer Science, and has worked as a postdoc in Computational Geography. He conducted interdisciplinary research at the San Diego Supercomputer at UC San Diego, working with teams of scholars in sciences, social sciences, and humanities.

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  • Thank you for having me. Hood Canal… by Union on the other side of Bremerton… Tacoma & Ballard. South Lake Union by Amazon. Thank you for your hospitality. I understand you have a number of searches going on… This is quite a mouthfull… of trendy terms…
  • Obama administration’s Open Government Initiative, which encourages public participation and collaboration. “ citizen sourcing” which has been defined as the “government adoption of crowdsourcing techniques for the purposes of (1) enlisting citizens in the design and execution of government services and to (2) tapping into the citizenry’s collective intelligence.” Vivek Kundra, Chief Information Officer of the United States from March 2009, to August 2011 under President Obama, described citizen sourcing as a way of driving “innovation by tapping into the ingenuity of the American people to solve those problems that are too big for government to solve on its own.” In the International Journal of Public Participation article, “ Citizensourcing: Applying the Concept of Open Innovation to the Public Sector, ” the authors present “ a structural overview of how external collaboration and innovation between citizens and public administrations can offer new ways of citizen integration and participation, enhancing public value creation and even the political decision-making process. ” Citizen sourcing is derived from the term crowdsourcing and emphasizes the type of civic engagement typically enabled through Web 2.0 participatory technologies, over a more impersonal crowd-based distributed problem-solving and production model. There are many excellent studies on the value of crowdsourcing for libraries, archives and museums. . The Archivist of the United States, David Ferriero, introduced the concept of “citizen archivists” in 2010. He made a parallel with citizen scientists and spoke of increasing public engagement in the archives given the National Archives and Records Administration’s over-abundance of paper records and need to digitize and transcribe them. He concluded that it wasn’t clear yet what types of citizen archivist projects were possible.   at the August 2011 Society of American Archivists (SAA) annual meeting in Chicago Kate Theimer offered the following definition: Participatory Archive : An organization, site or collection in which people other than archives professionals contribute “knowledge or resources, resulting in increased understanding about archival materials, usually in an online environment.”  
  • Sustainability is a frame of mind

Socializing Big Data: Collaborative Opportunities in Computer Science, the Social Sciences, and the Humanitiesno Socializing Big Data: Collaborative Opportunities in Computer Science, the Social Sciences, and the Humanitiesno Presentation Transcript

  • "Socializing Big Data: Collaborative Opportunities inComputer Science, the Social Sciences, and the Humanities" Richard Marciano UNC Chapel Hill richard_marciano@unc.edu http://salt.unc.edu http://digitalinnovation.unc.edu
  • Current research Areas•records in the cloud,•big cultural data,•access to big heterogeneous data,•federated grid/cloud storage,•visual interfaces to large collections,•policy-based frameworks to automate content management,•distributed cyberinfrastructure to enable data sharing.
  • Records in the CloudKickoff meeting on Feb. 5, 2013•UBC iSchool, Faculty of Law, School of Bus.•UW iSchool•Mid-Sweden Info. Tech and Media, Delegating to cloud providers the responsibility for security, accessibility, disposition and preservation.
  • • Grids in Context1998 • • Larry Smarr Computational Grids • Ian Foster and Carl Kesselman • Distributed Supercomputing Applications • Paul Messina • Realtime Widely Distributed Instrumentation • William E. Johnston • Data-Intensive Computing • Reagan Moore, … Richard Marciano, … • Teleimmersion • Tom DeFanti and Rick Stevens • Application-Specific Tools • Henri Casanova, Jack Dongarra, … • Compilers, Languages, and Libraries • Ken Kennedy • Object-Based Approaches • Dennis Gannon, Andrew Grimshaw • High-Performance Commodity Computing • Geoffrey Fox, Wojtek Furmanski • The Globus Toolkit • Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman • High-Performance Schedulers • Francine Berman • High-Throughput Resource Management • Miron Livny, Rajesh Raman • Instrumentation and Measurement • Jeffrey Hollingsworth, Bart Miller • Performance Analysis and Visualization • Daniel Reed, Randy Ribler • Security, Accounting, and Assurance • Clifford Neuman •2003 Computing Platforms Tony Hey: • Andrew Chien “The Data Deluge: An e-Science Perspective” • Network Protocols • P.M. Melliar-Smith, Louise Moser • Network Quality of Service • Roch Guerin, Henning Schultzrinne • Operating Systems and Network Interfaces • Peter Druschel, Larry Peterson • Network Infrastructure Collaborative Science2004 • • Jon Postel, Joe Touch Testbeds: Bridges from Research to Infrastructure • Charlie Catlett, John Toole
  • Big Data is a Big DealWhite House announcement: http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2012/03/29/big-data-big-dealBig Data Across the Federal Government: http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/big_data_fact_sheet_final_1.pdfMore then $200M in new commitments (NSF, HHS/NIH, DOE, DOD, DARPA, USGS)Goal: “improve the ability to extract knowledge and insights from large and complexcollections of digital data”. DataNet  Long-term preservation and access of data Software Infrastructure for Sustained Innovation (SI2) Digging Into Data Challenge (NSF/NEH/IMLS & JISC)  Computational Humanities Cyber-Enabled Discovery and Innovation (CDI)  Data enabled science and engineering Core Techniques and Technologies for Advancing Big Data Science & Engineering (BIGDATA) Data Infrastructure Building Blocks (DIBBs) DataWay  National Infrastructure for Heterogeneous Data
  • “Size Matters: Big Data, New Vistas in the Humanities and Social Sciences”: DataEdge, UC Berkeley May 31, 2012Geoffrey Nunberg Panel: “Something seems to happen, people feel, when you get to that 13th zero, or 15th zero, or 18th zero, or 21st zero, wherever it is, and bingo it’s the petabyte age, it’s the age of big data. It’s like combing your hair, you just comb, and comb, and comb, and all of a sudden it’s like big hair.” “The question is whether the advent of big data changes the way we do social science and also what role social scientists will play…”12/31/2012 Forbes article by Edd Dumbill: “Big Data, Big Hype: Big Deal”“Big data is an imprecise term. As such it’s a huge boon to marketers… noteveryone is pleased with the “bigger is better” argument. “Big data” really means“smart use of data”.
  • Allistair Croll: “Big Data is our Generation’s civil rights issue, an we don’t know it.” “Personalization” is another word for discrimination. We’re not discriminating if we tailor things to you based on what we know about you — right? That’s just better service. When bank managers tried to restrict loans to residents of certain areas (known as redlining) Congress stepped in to stop it (with the Fair Housing Act of 1968). They were able to legislate against discrimination, making it illegal to change loan policy based on someone’s race. Home Owners’ Loan Corporation map showing redlining of “hazardous” districts in 1936. see: DURHAM MAPS for T-RACES –projectMusic selection and sharing with friends could allow to guess a person’sracial background and deny a loan. Publicly available last name information can be used to generate racial boundary maps. From the Mapping London project
  • Big Data = Big Collaborations
  • May 2007 Socializing CI:Networking the Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences
  • TUCASI data-Infrastructure Project (TIP) TUCASI data-Infrastructure Project (TIP) Managing Digital Research Data in Federated Storage Managing Digital Research Data in Federated Storage Clouds Clouds• Project Lead: Richard Marciano (UNC/SALT)• Project Manager: Amy Shoop (UNC ITS)• Oversight Council – CIOs -- Head Librarians • Tracy Futhey -- Duke CIO Deborah Jakubs -- Duke Librarian • Marc Hoit – NCSU CIO Susan Nutter – NCSU Librarian • Larry Conrad – UNC CIO Sara Michalak – UNC Librarian – RENCI • Alan Blatecky -- RENCI Stan Ahalt -- RENCI – DICE Center • Reagan Moore – DICE – SALT Lab • Richard Marciano -- SALT
  • Focus Group Membership University TeamsFocus Duke Chapel Hill NC StateGroups Suzanne Cadwell (ITS-AcademicClassroom Samantha Earp (CC Outreach & Engagement) Lou Harrison (DELTA) lead) (OIT-Academic Charlie Greene (ITS-Teaching & Hal Meeks (OIT-Outreach,Capture Services) Learning) Communications and Consulting) Pam Sessoms (Lib-e-Reference) Amy Brooks (OIT-Systems) Klara Jelinkova (OIT- Reagan Moore (S lead) (DICE) Shared Services & Leesa Brieger (RENCI-Data) Infrastructure) Brent Caison (ITS-Storage) Steve Morris (Lib-Systems)Storage David Kennedy (Lib-Info. Dave Pcolar (Lib-Systems) Eric Sills (OIT-Research Computing) Sys. Support) Bill Schulz (Lib-Systems) Molly Tamarkin (Lib- Lisa Stillwell (RENCI-Data) Systems) Jim Tuttle (Lib-Systems)Future Data & Paolo Mangiafico (Provost- Ruth Marinshaw (ITS-Research Kristin Antelman (FD&P lead) Computing) Dig. Info. Strategy) (Lib)Policy Tim Pyatt (Lib-Archives) Will Owen (Lib-Systems) Susan Nutter (Lib-Head Librarian) Rich Szary (Lib-Special Collections)
  • 30 funded57 total
  • “Public Scholarship” Kathy Woodward, UW Simpson Center for the HumanitiesUNC, Duke, Asheville collaboration • University of North Carolina Asheville (UNCA): staff (provost, head librarian, head of special collections, library staff, departments of computer science / history / political science), centers (National Environmental Modeling and Analysis Center / Center for Diversity Education), and students • community-based development organizations (Green Opportunities Corps, Asheville Design Center) • neighborhood community group leaders and residents (Southside, Burton Street, East End) • city of Asheville officials (Housing Authority of the City of Asheville, Planning & Development Department, West Asheville Public Library, Chamber of Commerce) • county (head of Buncombe County Register of Deeds, Land-Of-Sky Regional Council) • other groups including the North Carolina Humanities Council, Mountain Housing Opportunities Inc. • “Twilight of a Neighborhood: Asheville’s East End, 1970” project. This project examined the process and aftermath of urban renewal and collected voices of residents, after the 2007 transfer of records to UNC Asheville. We have secured support and commitment from the community groups relevant to tackling this project. • Asheville’s African-American Community Historical Bus Tour, June 19, 2012 (35 people)
  • UNCA & Asheville Partners: • Dwight Mullen, UNCA Political Science • Priscilla Ndiaye, chair of Ashevilles Southside Advisory Commi
  • Big Heterogeneous Data (with Duke) Mapping historical residential segregation in the US Researching the cyberinfrastructure implications of supporting large scale content based indexing of highly heterogeneous digital collections potentially embodying non- uniform or sparse metadata architectures…Intellectual Merit:Demonstrating the creation of national collections through automation and citizen-scientist crowdsourcing efforts is the focus of this task.Broader Impacts:This case-study will bring heterogeneous content from a variety of sources:census, economic, historic, planning, insurance, financial, and scientific.Outcomes:Worfklows & Visual prototype
  • From Crowdsourcing to Citizen-led Sourcing• Neighborhood community group leaders and residents (Southside, Burton Street, East End)• University of North Carolina Asheville staff (provost, head of special collections, library staff, departments of computer science / history / political science), centers (Renaissance Computing Institute / Center for Diversity Education), and students• Community-based development organizations (Green Opportunities Corps, Asheville Design Center)• City of Asheville officials (Housing Authority of the City of Asheville, Register of Deeds, GIS, Planning & Development Department, , West Asheville Public Library, Chamber of Commerce, Regional Council)• Other groups including the North Carolina Humanities Council, Mountain Housing Opportunities Inc., Twilight of a Neighborhood.
  • SALT SALT “We define the ‘discipline of data curation’ as the practice of collection,annotation, conditioning , and preservation of data for both current and future use” – Helen Tibbo & Bryan H eidorn Governance Policy conditioning annotation Content collection Infrastructure preservationcurrent & future use Evolution Vectors – Annenberg Center for Communication SDSC: SALT