Chinese people who eat American-style fast food fouror more times a week are nearly twice as likely to die ofcardiac illness than those who eat no fast food.
Food grown using chemical pesticides…• Over 45 pesticides are known orpotential carcinogens: almost half arestill used in North America.• Farmers in industrialized countriesdevelop and die of more cancers thanthe general population.• In a 2001 study of 96 Seattle children,only one child, who had eatenexclusively organic food, showed nomeasurable concentration oforganophosphates from pesticides.
Alzheimers DiseaseWorldwide, 36 million peoplehave the disease115 million people will getAlzheimers by 205036% of people in the US areobese, putting them at greaterrisk of Alzheimers5.4 million adults in the US haveAlzheimer’s. Their healthcarecost $130 billion in 2011.
Alzheimers DiseaseCurrent science – Alzheimer’s may be Diabetes Type 3 and is its cause may be linked to the consumption of junk food.
. Since the 1940s & 1950s, the mineral content of non-organic food has fallen: 50% less iron 50% less calcium 50% less sodium 50% less copper 50% less magnesium 50% less seleniumMeat / cheese: 50% less ironBroccoli: 63% less calciumPotatoes: 100% less vitamin A
Non-organic tomatoes:61% less calcium43% less Vitamin A25% less iron23% less protein17% less Vitamin C11% less phosphorus8% less niacin65% more fat200% more sodium (salt)
Non-Organic Potatoes:100% less vitamin A57% less vitamin C50% less iron50% less riboflavin28% less calcium18% less thiamine Source: Globe & Mail, June 6, 2002. Story by Andre Picard quoted in The End of Food by Thomas Pawlick
Plants have evolved on the land over 400 million years. They know every trick in the book. When they are attacked by a fungus, they produce phytochemicals and metabolites to defend themselves.
When plants are sprayedagainst pests and fungi they arenever attacked, so they have no need to defend themselves.
Since they are not attacked, they don’t use energy generatingdefensive phytochemical compounds.
Organic crops must still defend themselves, and we are the beneficiaries: Organic corn: 58% more antioxidants Organic strawberries: 19% more antioxidants Organic produce: higher levels of vitamin C Organic fruits: higher levels of salvestrols
When humans and animals eat thephytochemicals that are abundant in organic food, they play an important role in protecting against cancer. Vitamins Antioxidants Salvestrols Salicylic acid
CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 100 million tonnes a day = 4 million tonnes an hour = 67,000 tonnes a minute As we burn the fossil fuels… = 1,000 tonnes a second Guy Dauncey 2011Guy Dauncey 2007www.earthfuture.com www.earthfuture.com
CaliforniaIn a worst case, up to 90% of the Sierra snowpack coulddisappear, all but eliminating the natural storage system that feeds the valleys at the heart of the farm industry.California supplies more than half of America’s fruits, vegetables and nuts.
“The rule of thumb is that we lose about 10% ofworld food production for every rise of one degree Cin average global temperature.So the shortages will grow and the price of food willrise inexorably over the years. The riots will returnagain and again.” - Gwynne Dyer, author of Climate Wars
There are 7,702 hectares of land in the Alberni Valley ALR.Only 3,171 hectares ‐ about 41% - are actively farmed.4,531 hectares of ALR farmland are not being farmed.Over 90% of the farmed land is used for livestockproduction or feed for the livestock industry.Only 239 hectares are used for vegetables, berries, grapesand other horticultural food crops. 3% of the farmland.The valley produces between 5% and 11% of the foodconsumed locally.Clearly, there is significant capacity for increasedagricultural production in the Alberni Valley.So why isn’t it happening? Alberni Valley Agricultural Plan, 2011-2031
Profitability, or lack thereof, is probably the mainreason.The combined gross farm receipts for the 89 farms inthe area are $5.49 million – average $61,797 per farm.Total operating expenses are $5.08 million.The farmer keeps about 8 cents of every dollar sold –an average of about $4,606 per farm to cover overheadcosts. Alberni Valley Agricultural Plan, 2011-2031
Agricultural capability maps indicate that 5,184 hacould be improved to prime capability withirrigation – only 554 ha are currently irrigated.Land could be converted to higher value crops,with better margins, if there was more wateravailable for irrigation.The average farm operator is 55 years oldIt is expensive and time consuming and it maytake different resources to convert to highervalued crops, so long term farmers are resistingchanging. Alberni Valley Agricultural Plan, 2011-2031
Production is down from historic levels.Processing and distribution facilities have shiftedto other areas so access to markets is morechallenging for many producers.The livestock industry is in a state of decline.In the past decade, the number of dairy farms hasdropped from seven or eight down to one activefarm.Long‐term livestock farmers are not inclined toswitch to horticultural enterprises. Alberni Valley Agricultural Plan, 2011-2031
Despite this, the demand for local food has never beenstronger.Consumers want to buy food they trust from peoplethey trust.The Alberni Valley has experienced farmers and qualitysoils.There are opportunities to increase direct‐marketedproducts to local consumer and to tourists.… food for thought for developing a vision and plan foragriculture in the Alberni Valley. Alberni Valley Agricultural Plan, 2011-2031
Good farmland Young people sits empty want to farm
+ Goal 13: Find and create new ways foryoung people to be able toaccess farmland, and start farming.
Alberni Valley Farmland4,531 hectares are not being farmed
The Agricultural Land Reserve is a great piece of policy. But it ispreventing young farmers from moving onto the land.
PROPOSED ALR RULE CHANGE #1:Allow any farm of more than than 20 hectares tobuild a clustered farm village on 1 hectare.The residents must obtain at least 50% ofincome from farm-related work.Build or self-build the village as strata-titlecommunity housing.Assign 1 hectare of farmland per household tobe bought or leased by the new farm villagers.
PROPOSED RULE CHANGE #2 (Carolyn’s Rule)Require an ALR land-holder to grow food(not hay) on at least 10% of the land.If a farm-owner is unable to do so, he orshe must lease the land to another farmeror pay increased tax on the land.