Rmhs2011 ggunes&oergonul

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Rmhs2011 ggunes&oergonul

  1. 1. Nobel Prizes Given to the Study of Infection in the Last 109 Years: A ComparisonGüssün GüneşKoç University School of Nursing LibraryÖnder ErgönülKoç University School of Medicine RMHS 2011 18-22 July 2011, İSTANBUL - TURKEY
  2. 2. BACKGROUND: The prestigious Nobel Prizes, accepted as the highest recognition awarded to scientific study, have been presented to scientists in many fields since 1901 to support them in their work. A scan of the literature does not reveal any scientific evaluation of Nobel Prize winners over the years. This study is a comprehensive exploration and assessment of the Nobel prizes that have been awarded to scientists beginning in 1901.OBJECTIVE: The study reviews the general characteristics of the work of Nobel Laureates in the fields of medicine/physiology and literature and attempts a comparison in terms of the statistical significance of their work, particularly in the context and reference framework of infection.HYPOTHESIS: As a significant agent of disease with the potential power to destroy the human race, infection has been a subject that has long inspired the extensive attention of award-winning scientists in medicine and physiology as well as of men of literature. Exploring and getting down to the root of the unknown will attract the interest of more and more scientists in the future, ultimately diminishing the potential for mass death and destruction.METHODOLOGY: The research data was compiled from the official Nobel Prizes website. Statistical analysis with STATA 11, chi-square and logistic regression analysis were performed.REFERENCES1-http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes
  3. 3. cins Freq. Percent Cum. Variable Obs Mean Std. Dev. Min Max 0 279 92.38 92.38 yas 302 59.71523 11.46445 32 88 1 23 7.62 100.00 ulke1 302 13.34768 10.44563 1 43 dogumyeri 302 18.11921 12.67243 1 51 Total 302 100.00 0 .015 1 .06 .01 .04 DensityDensity .005 .02 0 20 40 60 80 20 40 60 80 0 yas 1800 1850 1900 1950 Graphs by cins Birth Date
  4. 4. medicine cins 0 1 Total Gender Literatüre Medicine Total 0 94 185 279 Male 94 185 279 33.69 66.31 100.00 Female 12 11 23 1 12 11 23 52.17 47.83 100.00 Total 106 196 302 Total 106 196 302 35.10 64.90 100.00. ttest yas, by( medicine) Pearson chi2(1) = 3.1863 Pr = 0.074Two-sample t test with equal variances Group Obs Mean Std. Err. Std. Dev. [95% Conf. Interval] 0 106 64.22642 .995162 10.24582 62.25319 66.19964 Gender Infection 1 196 57.27551 .8122415 11.37138 55.6736 58.87742 Male 29combined 302 59.71523 .6597049 11.46445 58.41701 61.01345 Female 1 diff 6.950905 1.32508 4.343276 9.558534 Total 30 diff = mean(0) - mean(1) t = 5.2456Ho: diff = 0 degrees of freedom = 300 Ha: diff < 0 Ha: diff != 0 Ha: diff > 0 Pr(T < t) = 1.0000 Pr(|T| > |t|) = 0.0000 Pr(T > t) = 0.0000
  5. 5. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONSThis study reviewed the Nobel Prize winners in terms of their dates of birth, places of birth, age when the award was received, gender, the country they represented, and the subject content of their work. The statistical analyses revealed significant results regarding gender, age and subject content
  6. 6. THANK YOU ANY QUESTION?

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