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  • 1. The Channel Tunnel
  • 2. The Channel Tunnel,often called the EuroTunnel or theChunnel, is a railwaytunnel that liesunderneath the waterof the EnglishChannel and connectsthe island of GreatBritain with mainlandFrance.
  • 3. The Channel Tunnelhistory current situation the future
  • 4. I. History•as early as 1802 plans were being made for an alternateroute across the English Channel•This first plan, made by French engineer Albert MathieuFavier•In 1984, French president Francois Mitterrand andBritish Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher agreed that alink across the English Channel would be beneficial anddecided to have a contest•The proposal that was accepted was the plan for theChannel Tunnel, submitted by the Balfour BeattyConstruction Company
  • 5. GrahamFaggPhilippeCozetteDecember 1, 1990
  • 6. •On December 10, 1993, the first test run was completed throughthe entire Channel Tunnel•After additional fine tuning, the Channel Tunnel officially openedon May 6, 1994•After six years of construction and $15 billion spent (somesources say upwards of $21 billion), the Channel Tunnel wasfinally complete.
  • 7. II. The Current situation1.Channel Tunnel LengthThe Channel Tunnel is 31.35 miles long (about 50 km), with 24 of those miles(about 39 km) located under water2. Cities It Travels ToChannel Tunnel connects Folkestone in Great Britain with Coquelles in France3. Time It Takes to CrossIt takes a total of 35 minutes to travel across the Channel Tunnel, from terminalto terminal4.Cost of FareAs of 2010, prices for a standard car ranged from £49 to £75 (about $78 to $120)
  • 8. 5.Northern TunnelThe northern running tunnel carries passengers from England to France6.Southern TunnelThe southern running tunnel carries passengers from France to England7.One of the biggest problem of the Channel Tunnel todayIllegal immigrants
  • 9. III. The FutureThe possible future plans:•a second tunnel•The technical integration of Channel Tunnel operations with rail operations of theUK and EuropeProblem they face:•slow progress in paying off its enormous debt from the construction•no one is likely to be keen to sponsor it