Reaserch trends in physics


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Reaserch trends in physics

  1. 1. RESEARCH TRENDS IN PHYSICS Dr.K. ILANGOVAN Reader Department of Physics, RKM.Vivekananda College, Chennai-600004, INDIA
  2. 2. Maria Goeppert Mayer <ul><li>“ Mathematics began to seem too much like puzzle solving. </li></ul><ul><li>Physics is puzzle solving too, But puzzles created by nature not by mind ” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Maria Goeppert Mayer <ul><li>Goeppert-Mayer worked unofficial or volunteer positions at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, from 1931–39, then Columbia University in 1940-46, and after that the University of Chicago. During this time, Goeppert-Mayer was unable to gain a professional appointment due in part to both sexism and strict rules against nepotism. </li></ul><ul><li>It was during her time at Chicago and Argonne that she developed a mathematical model for the structure of nuclear shells, the work for which she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963, shared with J. Hans D. Jensen and Eugene Paul Wigner. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Physics <ul><li>Physics is the scientific study of matter and energy and how they interact with each other. This energy can take the form of motion, light, electricity, radiation, gravity . . . just about anything, honestly. </li></ul><ul><li>Physics deals with matter on scales ranging from sub-atomic particles (i.e. the particles that make up the atom and the particles that make up those particles) to stars and even entire galaxies . </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Physics
  6. 6. Plan of talk <ul><li>List of various branches in Physics </li></ul><ul><li>List of various Scientific research institutes in India </li></ul><ul><li>List of various Physics related research institutes in India </li></ul><ul><li>Details of Physics related research institutes </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  7. 7. LIST OF VARIOUS BRANCHES IN PHYSICS(36) <ul><li>Acoustics - the study of sound & sound waves </li></ul><ul><li>Astronomy - the study of space </li></ul><ul><li>Astrophysics - the study of the physical properties of objects in space </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic Physics - the study of atoms, specifically the electron properties of the atom </li></ul><ul><li>Biophysics - the study of physics in living systems </li></ul><ul><li>Chaos - the study of systems with strong sensitivity to initial conditions, so a slight change at the beginning quickly become major changes in the system </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Physics - the study of physics in chemical systems . </li></ul>
  8. 8. LIST OF VARIOUS BRANCHES IN PHYSICS <ul><li>Computational Physics - the application of numerical methods to solve physical problems for which a quantitative theory already exists </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmology - the study of the universe as a whole, including its origins and evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Cryophysics / Cryogenics / Low Temperature Physics - the study of physical properties in low temperature situations, far below the freezing point of water </li></ul><ul><li>Crystallography - the study of crystals and crystalline structures </li></ul><ul><li>Electromagnetism - the study of electrical and magnetic fields, which are two aspects of the same phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Electronics - the study of the flow of electrons, generally in a circuit </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid Dynamics / Fluid Mechanics - the study of the physical properties of &quot;fluids,&quot; specifically defined in this case to be liquids and gases </li></ul>
  9. 9. LIST OF VARIOUS BRANCHES IN PHYSICS <ul><li>Geophysics - the study of the physical properties of the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>High Energy Physics - the study of physics in extremely high energy systems, generally within particle physics </li></ul><ul><li>High Pressure Physics - the study of physics in extremely high pressure systems, generally related to fluid dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Laser Physics - the study of the physical properties of lasers </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematical Physics - applying mathematically rigorous methods to solving problems within physics </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanics - the study of the motion of bodies in a frame of reference </li></ul><ul><li>Meteorology / Weather Physics - the physics of the weather </li></ul><ul><li>Molecular Physics - the study of physical properties of molecules </li></ul><ul><li>Nanotechnology - the science of building circuits and machines from single molecules and atoms </li></ul>
  10. 10. LIST OF VARIOUS BRANCHES IN PHYSICS <ul><li>Nuclear Physics - the study of the physical properties of the atomic nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>Optics / Light Physics - the study of the physical properties of light </li></ul><ul><li>Particle Physics - the study of fundamental particles and the forces of their interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Plasma Physics - the study of matter in the plasma phase </li></ul><ul><li>Quantum Electrodynamics - the study of how electrons and photons interact at the quantum mechanical level </li></ul><ul><li>Quantum Mechanics / Quantum Physics - the study of science where the smallest discrete values, or quanta, of matter and energy become relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Quantum Optics - the application of quantum physics to light </li></ul>
  11. 11. LIST OF VARIOUS BRANCHES IN PHYSICS <ul><li>Quantum Field Theory - the application of quantum physics to fields, including the fundamental forces of the universe </li></ul><ul><li>Quantum Gravity - the application of quantum physics to gravity and unification of gravity with the other fundamental particle interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Relativity - the study of systems displaying the properties of Einstein's theory of relativity, which generally involves moving at speeds very close to the speed of light </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Mechanics - the study of large systems by statistically expanding the knowledge of smaller systems </li></ul><ul><li>String Theory / Superstring Theory - the study of the theory that all fundamental particles are vibrations of one-dimensional strings of energy, in a higher-dimensional universe </li></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamics - the physics of heat </li></ul>
  13. 13. LIST OF VARIOUS PHYSICS REASEACH INSTITUTES IN INDIA (17) <ul><li>It's time for physics postgraduates aspiring to do doctoral research in the </li></ul><ul><li>country's premier science institutes to buckle their belts. Applications have </li></ul><ul><li>been invited for Ph.D. programmes in physics — including theoretical and </li></ul><ul><li>observational astronomy, astrophysics, physics in biology, plasma physics </li></ul><ul><li>and technology, atmospheric and space sciences, condensed matter physics </li></ul><ul><li>and material science and theoretical computer science in 17 top national </li></ul><ul><li>institutes across the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Selection </li></ul><ul><li>The selection will be made through a Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) to </li></ul><ul><li>be held on February 19 at 30 centres across the country. </li></ul>
  14. 14. LIST OF VARIOUS PHYSICS REASEACH INSTITUTES IN INDIA <ul><li>Institutes: </li></ul><ul><li>The following are the institutes offering doctoral research in physics and </li></ul><ul><li>theoretical computer science based on JEST: </li></ul><ul><li>Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital (astronomy, astrophysics and atmospheric physics). </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), Bangalore (astronomy, astrophysics, astronomical instrumentation and optics, atomic physics and non-linear optics experiments). </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune (physics, astronomy and astrophysics). </li></ul><ul><li>Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bangalore (experimental and theoretical condensed matter physics, statistical mechanics and materials science). </li></ul>
  15. 15. LIST OF VARIOUS PHYSICS REASEACH INSTITUTES IN INDIA <ul><li>National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune (astronomy and astrophysics). </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad (physics: experimental and theoretical, complex systems, non-linear dynamics, quantum optics and quantum information, astronomy, astrophysics and solar physics; space and atmospheric sciences, planetary sciences and geosciences). </li></ul><ul><li>Raman Research Institute (RRI), Bangalore (astronomy and astrophysics, optics, soft condensed matter physics [liquid crystals, physics in biology], theoretical physics). </li></ul><ul><li>S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences (SNBNCBS), Kolkata (physical sciences). </li></ul>
  16. 16. LIST OF VARIOUS PHYSICS REASEACH INSTITUTES IN INDIA <ul><li>The following affiliated centres of Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), </li></ul><ul><li>Mumbai: </li></ul><ul><li>Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai (condensed matter physics, crystallography, nuclear physics, accelerator physics, reactor physics, atomic and molecular physics, nanoscience, high pressure physics, seismology, laser and plasma physics, mass spectroscopy and computational physics). </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Advanced Technology (CAT), Indore (lasers and their applications, laser plasma interaction, cold atom physics, condensed matter physics [superconductivity and magnetism, crystals and thin films], nanomaterials and applications, non-linear and ultra-fast optical studies, beam physics and green electron laser). </li></ul><ul><li>Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), Allahabad (theoretical physics and astrophysics). </li></ul><ul><li>Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam (theoretical and experimental condensed matter physics, materials science and reactor physics). </li></ul>
  17. 17. LIST OF VARIOUS PHYSICS REASEACH INSTITUTES IN INDIA <ul><li>Institute of Physics (IOP), Bhubaneswar (physics [condensed matter, atomic, nuclear and particle physics] and accelerator-based research). </li></ul><ul><li>Institute for Plasma Research (IPR), Gandhinagar (physics [experimental and theoretical]). </li></ul><ul><li>Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), Kolkata (biophysical sciences, condensed matter physics, nuclear physics, high energy physics, quantum gravity and string theory, mathematical physics, materials science). </li></ul><ul><li>The Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc), Chennai (theoretical physics and theoretical computer science). </li></ul><ul><li>Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC), Kolkata (accelerator physics, condensed matter physics, nuclear physics, relativistic heavy ion collisions, physics of neutrinos). </li></ul>
  18. 18. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore <ul><li>Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore - 560 012 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of Research: </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental studies in Condensed Matter Physics Atomic, Optical Physics, </li></ul><ul><li>and X-ray Crystallography of Biomolecular Structures. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Institute of Physics, Bubaneswar <ul><li>Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar – 751005 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Ph.D degree is awarded by the Homi Bhabha National Institute ( HBNI ). </li></ul><ul><li>Research activities in the Institute is divided in to the following areas: Both </li></ul><ul><li>theoretical and experimental programmes are carried out in each of the </li></ul><ul><li>Below areas. </li></ul><ul><li>High Energy Physics </li></ul><ul><li>Condensed Matter Physics </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear Physics </li></ul>
  20. 20. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research <ul><li>Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Theoretical Physics, </li></ul><ul><li>Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005, India. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research is an autonomous Institute </li></ul><ul><li>under the umbrella of the Department of Atomic Energy of the Government </li></ul><ul><li>of India. basic research done in physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>and computer science. TIFR has campuses in Mumbai, Pune and Bangalore </li></ul><ul><li>and research facilities in various other places in India. TIFR has master's and </li></ul><ul><li>doctoral programs. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Solid State Physics Laboratory <ul><li>Solid State Physics Laboratory (SSPL). </li></ul><ul><li>Defence R & D Organization , </li></ul><ul><li>Lucknow Road, Timarpur, Delhi - 110 054 </li></ul><ul><li>Research Institution </li></ul><ul><li>Doctorate Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Ph.D. (Physics) </li></ul><ul><li>Research Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>M.Phil. (Physics) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Indian Institute of Astrophysics <ul><li>Indian Institute of Astrophysics </li></ul><ul><li>II Block, Koramangala, Bangalore 560 034, INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>Tel : 91 (80) 2553 0672 Fax : 91 (80) 2553 4043 </li></ul><ul><li>Voicemail : 91 (80) 2553 9250 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>In a full-time research programme where in the students work towards their </li></ul><ul><li>Ph.D. degree under the supervision of an IIA faculty. Students may join the </li></ul><ul><li>programme in either the first semester beginning in August or the second </li></ul><ul><li>semester beginning in January. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Bose Institute <ul><li>Bose Institute Main Campus </li></ul><ul><li>93/1, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road </li></ul><ul><li>Kolkata - 700009 </li></ul><ul><li>West Bengal, India </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: (+91)(-33) 2350-2402/2403/ 6619/6702 </li></ul><ul><li>Fax: (+91)(-33) 2350-6790 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Main Research Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Acoustics and Fluid Mechanics </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation Physics, Applied Radioactivity and Liquid Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Condensed Matter and Statistical Physics, Cross-disciplinary Physics </li></ul><ul><li>Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Information/Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear and High Energy Physics, Cosmology and Astrophysics </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Institute of Mathematical Sciences <ul><li>The Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Research at IMSc is supported by the DAE, India & by the Govt. of Tamil </li></ul><ul><li>Nadu. Areas of research Mathematics, Theoretical Computer Science and </li></ul><ul><li>Theoretical Physics. Located Chennai, in the Adyar. </li></ul><ul><li>Research areas in Physics: </li></ul><ul><li>Classical and Quantum Gravity: </li></ul><ul><li>Theoretical and Computational Biology: </li></ul><ul><li>Condensed Matter Physics: </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematical Physics: </li></ul><ul><li>Nonlinear dynamics and complex systems: </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Mechanics: </li></ul>
  25. 25. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics <ul><li>Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics </li></ul><ul><li>Sector-1, Block-AF </li></ul><ul><li>Bidhannagar, Kolkata-700 064 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The Nuclear Physics Division constitutes researchers working in nuclear </li></ul><ul><li>reactions and structure physics and associated developmental projects </li></ul>
  26. 26. Mehta Research Institute <ul><li>Mehta Research Institute of Physics & Mathematical Physics </li></ul><ul><li>Harish-Chandra Research Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Chhatnag Road, Allahabad-211019 </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: +91(532)2667510 </li></ul><ul><li>Fax: +91(532)2567748 </li></ul><ul><li>Research at Mehta research institute of Physics & Mathematical Physics is </li></ul><ul><li>supported by the Department of Atomic Energy of the Government of India </li></ul>
  27. 27. Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology <ul><li>Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology </li></ul><ul><li>PO : CAT, Indore 452 013 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT), Indore supported </li></ul><ul><li>by Department of Atomic Energy (DAE).Reseach in the areas of Accelerators, </li></ul><ul><li>Lasers, Plasma Physics, Cryogenics, Vacuum technology etc. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Raman Research Institute <ul><li>Raman Research Institute </li></ul><ul><li>C. V. Raman Avenue </li></ul><ul><li>Sadashivanagar, Bangalore-560 080 </li></ul><ul><li>The Institute's main fields of research are Astronomy & Astrophysics, Light </li></ul><ul><li>& Matter Physics, Soft Condensed Matter and Theoretical Physics . </li></ul>
  29. 29. Thanks <ul><li>Dr.K.P.Santhosh, </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Physics, </li></ul><ul><li>Payyanur College, Payyanur. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr.G.Alpheus Benjamin, </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Physics, </li></ul><ul><li>Voorhees College, Vellore. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr.N.Arunachalam, </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Physics, </li></ul><ul><li>M.S. University, Tirunelveli. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Questions ??