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Decentralisation

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slide2-centralisation …

slide2-centralisation
slide3-decentralisation
slide4-difference in both
slide5-types of decentralization
Deconcentration
Delegation
Devolution
slide6-Deconcentration
slide7-Delegation
slide8-Devolution
slide9-benefits of decentralization
slide10-limitation of decentralization

Published in: Leadership & Management

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  • 1. DECENTRALISATION
  • 2. CENTRALISATION  The process of transferring and assigning decision making authority to higher levels of an organisational hierarchy.  Knowledge,ideas and information are cascaded down the organisation.  The span of control of top managers is relatively broad.
  • 3. DECENTRALISATION  The process of transferring and assigning decision making authority to lower levels of an organisational hierarchy.  Knowledge,ideas and information are flowing from the bottom to the top of the organisation.  The span of control of top managers is relatively small.
  • 4. THREE FORMS OF DECENTRALISATION  Deconcentration  Delegation  Devolution
  • 5. DECONCENTRATION Deconcentration is the weakest form of decentralization and is used most frequently in unitary states—redistributes decision making authority and financial and management responsibilities among different levels of the organisation.
  • 6. DELEGATION Delegation is a more extensive form of decentralization. Through delegation central organisation transfer responsibility for decision- making and administration of public functions to semi-autonomous organizations not wholly controlled by the central government, but ultimately accountable to it.
  • 7. DEVOLUTION Devolution is an administrative type of decentralisation. When organisations devolve functions, they transfer authority for decision- making, finance, and management to quasi- autonomous units of local departments with corporate status.
  • 8. BENEFITS OF DECENTRALISATION  Empowering Employees  Relieving the Burden  Preparing for Emergencies  More Efficient Decision-Making  Ease of Expansion
  • 9. LIMITATIONS OF DECENTRALISATION  More cost  No Specialisation  Need more specialists  No uniform action  No equitable distribution of work