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  1. 1. TURKEY 2010
  2. 2. Turkey connects Europe to Asia. The population of Turkey is approximately 85 million.
  3. 3. Turkey share border with eight counties. Which make difficult to analyses Culture of Turkey.
  4. 4. Turkey's land borders are quite wide so Turkey has lots of neighbours. These are Greece and Bulgaria on the West, Georgia on the North, Armenia and Iran on the East, Iraq and Syria on the South.
  5. 5. TYPE OF CURRENCY 1,00 €= 2,107 Turkish lira (TL) LANGUAGE Turkish is the sole official language throughout Turkey.
  6. 6. Basic Facts Traditional covers are common in country side – Black veil can be seen in cities but very few Social norms change from region to region
  7. 7. 2002 Miss World
  8. 8. DO’S and DON’T’S
  9. 9. DO’s Maintain eye contact while speaking
  10. 10. DO’s Shake and kiss
  11. 11. DO’s Greet Seniors or most elderly first…
  12. 12. DON’T’s • Certain gestures, common in the western world, are considered rude expressions in this culture. Making an ‘O’ with your thumb and forefinger (as if to say “OK!”) is rude because you are making the gesture for a hole - which has connotations referring to homosexuality in the Turkish psyche. • Turks are extremely proud and sensitive of their heritage and culture. • Turks in general have very strong nationalistic views, and would view any criticisms of their country and expressions and attitudes insulting the Turkish flag • Don't mention the Armenian Genocide, Kurdish separatism and the Cyprus problem
  14. 14. • The famous Trojan Wars took place in Western Turkey, around the site where the Trojan horse rests today. • The first church built by man (St. Peter’s Church) is in Antioch (Antakya), Turkey. • The oldest known human settlement is in Catalhoyuk, Turkey (7th Millenium B.C.) • St. Nicholas, also known as Santa Claus, was born in Patara and became the bishop of Demre, on Turkey’s Mediterranean Coast. • Noah’s Ark landed on Mount Ararat (Agri Dagi) in Eastern Turkey. • The last meal on Noah’s Ark, a pudding of sweet and sour taste (asure), is still served throughout Turkey. • Turks introduced coffee to Europe. • Ephesus and Halicarnasus (the place for the two of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world) are in Turkey.
  15. 15. The Temple of Artemis at Epheseus Located in: Turkey Construction: 550 BC Destruction: 262 AD Interesting Facts: • The temple was built in honor of the Greek goddess of hunting and wild nature • When the Goths destroyed the temple, the Ephesians vowed to build a new one • They did but it lost its religiousness, so they destroyed it
  16. 16. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus Located in: Bodrum,Turkey Construction: 750 BC Interesting Facts: • Maussollos ( king at the time) built his own tomb • His wife and sister suggested it • They thought it was very royal • When he died the put his tomb in the Mausoleum
  17. 17. • Turks gave the Dutch their famous tulips. • Istanbul is the only city in the world built on two continents. • Istanbul is named by the European Union as the European Capital of Culture in 2010. • Tradition in Turkey says that a stranger at one’s doorstep is considered "God’s guest" for at least three days. • Turkey is noted for having one of the three most famous and distinctive traditional cuisines in the world. • The First Ecumenical Council was held in Iznik, Turkey. • Writing was first used by people in ancient Anatolia. The first clay tablets in the ruins of Assyrian Karum (Merchant Colony) date back to 1950 B.C.
  18. 18. • The oldest tin mine was found in Göltepe, 60 miles south of Tarsus. • The first Neolithic paintings found on man-made walls are in Catalhöyük, Turkey. • Anatolia is the birthplace of historic legends, such as Homer (the poet), King Midas, Herodotus (the father of history), and St. Paul the Apostle. • Julius Caesar proclaimed his celebrated words, "Veni, Vidi, Vici (I came, I saw, I conquered)" in Turkey when he defeated the Pontus, a formidable kingdom in the Black Sea region of Turkey. • Female goddesses like Cybele dominated the Central Anatolian pantheon for thousands of years before these supernatural powers were transformed to male gods. • The Hittites sold Abraham the cave where he buried his wife Sarah, when the Israelites came to Palestine.
  19. 19. • The first church dedicated to Virgin Mary is in Ephesus. • Cherry was first introduced to Europe from Giresun (Northern Turkey) • Turkey has hundreds beaches and marinas which have the "Blue Flag" (A European award for the best clean water) on the Mediterranean and Aegean. • The first recorded international treaty in the world was the Treaty of Kadesh between the Hittite and Egyptian Empires, Hattusilis III and Ramses II, in c.1275 BC. • The oldest known shipwreck on Earth was found and excavated in Uluburun near Kas, in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. • In 640 BC, for the first time in history, coins made of electrum were used by the Lydian king Croesus in Sardis, in Aegean region of Turkey. • King Midas lived in Gordion, capital of Phrigia. • Alexander the Great cut the Gordian knot near Ankara. The double knotting technique used in Turkish rugs is also called as Gordian Knot.
  20. 20. • The Garden of Eden in the Book of Genesis was said to be watered by a river which separated into four streams as it left the garden; two of them the Tigris (Dicle) and Euphrates (Firat) rise from the mountains of Eastern Turkey. • Early Christians escaping from Roman persecutions found shelter in Cappadocia. • Istanbul has the historical building of Sirkeci Train Station. This was the last stop of the Simplon-Orient Express - "kings of trains and train of kings" - between Paris and Constantinople (Istanbul) from 1883 to 1977. Agatha Christie was one of the passengers of this famous train. • The number of species of flowers in Turkey is approximately 9,000, of which 3,000 are endemic. In Europe for instance there are 11,500 species. This shows the richness of flora and fauna in Anatolia.
  21. 21. • Turkey is a young country in more ways than one: over two-thir ds of the Turkish population is under age thirty. • Turkey is physically one of the highest countries in the world, the average height is 6,000 feet. • Turkey is one of the few agriculturally self-sufficient countries in the world. • More than two-thirds of Turkey's borders are coastline, these stretch for fully 6,000 km (3,730 miles) along the Aegean, eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea.