Gundicha working paper 24


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Participatory technology development, a research based project assisted by DFID through NR international.It was done in western Odisha, which experiencec drought in every alternate year.
To over come water stress condition different technologies were tested.

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Gundicha working paper 24

  1. 1. Government of OrissaDepartment for International DevelopmentWESTERN ORISSA RURAL LIVELIHOODS PROJECTCNTR: 98 7800PARTICIPATORY TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION OFMICRO IRRIGATION DECEMBER 2004S. C. BisoyiS. K. MohantyG. Behera (Working Paper No.24)
  2. 2. International Development Enterprises (India)Regional Office Bhubaneswar
  3. 3. DISCLAIMERThis document is an output from a project funded by the UK Department forInternational Development (DFID) for the benefit of developing countries. The viewsexpressed are not necessarily those of DFID.
  4. 4. Project Status Report January - October 2004 Submitted to Orissa Watershed Development Mission (OWDM) Bhubaneswar October, 2004 Project Title:PARTICIPATORY TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION OF MICRO IRRIGATIONInternational Development Enterprises (India)
  5. 5. List of Abbreviations and Acronyms AM – Area Manager APD – Assistant Project Director ASCO - Assistant Soil Conservation Officer BK – Bucket Kit CBDA - Chakutia Bhunjia Development Agency CBO - Community Based Organization CBT – Capacity Building Team CDS - Customized Drip System COM – Chief Operating Manager DFID – Department for International Development DK – Drum Kit DP - Demo Plot FNK - Family Nutrition Kit FO – Field Officer FYM – Farm Yard Manure GSM - Graphic Standard Manual HDPE - High Density Polyethylene IDEI – International Development Enterprises (India) KB - Krishak Bandhu LST – Livelihood Support Team LLDPE - Linear Low Density Polyethylene LDPE - Low Density Polyethylene LWSI - Lutheran World Service India MDPE - Medium Density Polyethylene NPK – Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium NRI – Natural Resource International OWDM – Orissa Watershed Development Mission PIA – Project Implementing Agency PTD – Participatory Technology Development PD – Project Director PP – Pressure Pump PVC - Poly Vinyl Chloride PE - Polyethylene QAM – Quality Assurance Manager R&WP – Rope and Washer Pump STP – Surface Treadle Pump UV - Ultra Violet VW - Vermi Wash WDT – Watershed Development Team WDC – Watershed Development Committee WTO – Working Through Others WORLP – Western Orissa Rural Livelihood Project WSB - Water Storage Bag
  6. 6. Table of Contents... The Backdrop ... 01 Activity Calendar ... 02 Taking Off ... 03 Project Framework ... 04 Feasibility Study ... 06 The Process of PTD (MI) ... 07 Technology Installations ... 07 Integrated Systems at Work ... 08 Technology Modification through User Feedback ... 09 Building Motivation ... 10 Capacity Building ... 11 Exposure Visit to Karnataka ... 13 Usefulness of Micro Irrigation Technologies and Crop Practices ... 14 Monitoring Functional Efficacy ... 16 Water Lifting Devices Water Application - Drip Irrigation System Vermi Wash Impact Assessment ... 19 Benefits and Costs ... 21 Reaching Out & Promotion of MI Systems ... 24 Visitors ... 27 Major Learnings ... 28 Acknowledgements ... 28 Annexure: 1 Farmer’s Feedback on Various Products ... 29 Annexure: 2 KB Drip: An Innovation in Low Cost Drip Irrigation ... 31 Annexure: 3 Maintenance Manual (STP) ... 33 Annexure: 4 Customized Drip (Installation Process) ... 35
  7. 7. The Backdrop International Development Enterprises (India), in short IDEI, is committed to alleviating hunger and WORLP GOAL poverty while assisting in rational utilization ofWestern Orissa Rural Livelihood water resources. IDEI believes that improving theProject (WORLP) -- a ten years livelihoods of small holders through appropriateproject funded by DFID and and affordable, pro-poor income generating tech-implemented by OWDM, Govt. of nology is an effective and direct way to addressOrissa -- has been establishedwith a goal to bring -- the needs of the rural poor. The concept of sustainable rural livelihood is at the core of“More effective approaches IDEI’s vision for the future. to Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Western districts of Orissa are the poorest adopted by government districts in the country -- prone to frequent drought. agencies and other stakeholders in KBK The overall ground water development particularly districts and elsewhere”. in Bolangir and Nuapada districts are only 10% and 14%, respectively. However, there is a huge potential for well regulated ground water utiliza- IDEI MISSION tion -- in Bolangir, for example, in 70% areasFor more than 11 years, the water is available at a depth of only 4 - 6 metresInternational Development in peak summer.Enterprises (India) - IDEI - hassuccessfully pursued its mission The10 years long-term program under WORLP hasto reduce hunger and povertythrough promotion of affordable a clear focus on more effective approaches toirrigation technology leading to Sustainable Rural Livelihoods through effectiveadditional wealth generation for utilization of ground water. The Orissa Watershedthe smallholders. The notion of Development Mission (OWDM), the implementingsustainable rural livelihood is at agency of the Government of Orissa, is commit-the core of IDEI’s vision for thefuture. ted to achieve the project goal, with its pro-poor strategy. ‘To improve equitably the social, economic and WORLP identified the strength of IDEI and they environmental conditions jointly decided upon the areas of action research, of families in need, with and accordingly IDEI prepared a joint action plan special emphasis on the rural poor, by identifying, with the NRI -- a technical partner developing and marketing of WORLP. Both WORLP and IDEIaffordable, appropriate and see a need to examine opportu- environmentally sustain- nities for assisting the poor able solutions through market forces.’ farmers to make their farming systems more resilient, diverse and productive. They believe that this could be done only through participatory processes. 01 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  8. 8. Activity CalendarSl. No. Period Name of the Activity Tangible Achievement 01. Jan 2004 Staff development and Taking off induction Familiarizing with people, partners and places Development of framework and identification of nucleus villages 2. Feb 2004 Feasibility study Focus area of PTD selected Technology identification/ Technology selected development Technology development 3. Mar-Oct ’04 Technology installation Modification of technology Apr-Oct ’04 Monitoring Functionality through farmers’ feedback Sept ’04 Technology modification through farmers’ feedback 4. Aug ’04 Building motivation on New practices introduced, agronomic practices crop rotation enhanced Apr-Oct ’04 Agri information New information on agricul- dissemination ture and market, shared among farmers 5. Jun-Sept ’04 Training on agronomic Skill imparted to farmers practices Sept-Oct ’04 Technology related training Farmers acquainted with repair & maintenance of different technologies Aug-Oct ’04 Farmers’ training on Technology adopted low-cost technologies May-Oct ’04 Farmers’ meetings/camps Sharing learnings Aug-Oct ’04 Vermi Wash Trainings Vermi Wash adopted by farmers 6. August ’04 Workshops Learning on different tech- nology and applications Apr-Oct ’04 Live demos Created desire and interest for spreading of technology Aug-Oct ’04 Exposure Visits Seeing is believing 7. May ’04 Exposure visit to Thorough knowledge on Karnataka MI system 8. July ’04 Impact Assessment Farmers are benefited 9. Oct ’04 Farmer’s Survey Cost Benefit Analysis 10. July-Sept ’04 Promotional Strategy GSM and Training Manual 11. Jan-Oct ’04 Report Preparation Process Documentation 02 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  9. 9. Taking Off...Staff Deployment and InductionImmediately after the approval of the project, IDEI deployed its field staff forexecuting the project activities. Mr. Gundicha Behera, Area Manager (AM); Mr. SKMohanty, Quality Assurance Manager (QAM); Mr. Dibyasingha Pradhan andMr. Ashok kumar Parida, Field Officers (FOs) were assigned responsibilities toimplement the activities under the Participatory Technology Development Programme(PTD). Project staff were introduced to the plan of action by Mr. Suresh ChandraBisoyi, Chief Operating Manager (COM) of IDEI, Regional Office, Bhubaneswar. Heexplained the objectives, methodologies and various frameworks of ParticipatoryTechnology Development (PTD) on micro irrigation at Regional office Bhubaneswar.A copy of the project document was also shared among them for clarity and under-standing.Familiarizing with people, partners and placeAlthough IDEI has its presence in the districts of Western Orissa for more than adecade, it was felt necessary to get familiar with the specific areas, farmers andthe partners involved in the implementation process before the commencement ofthe project activities. Maximum time was devoted to visit to the areas, partnersand the farmers during the month of January. In this context the WORLP staffs ofBolangir and Nuapada, PIAs of different Watersheds, CBOs and farmers werevisited. IDEI’s role and involvement in the PTD was discussed with them.Development of framework and identification of nucleus villages Together with the APDs, PIAs and CBT members a framework for activities on selection of nucleus villages, technology selection, farmers selection, etc were drawn up. Interface with the stakeholders helped a lot to understand each other and initiate activities on PTD for micro irrigation. In consultation with PD, APD, CBT members and different PIAs, ten villages were selected as the focus area of the programme: Villages GP Block District Name of Association 1 Asuramunda Bakti Agalpur Bolangir Asuramunda Watershed Association 2 Khuntulimunda Patuapalli Agalpur Bolangir Ramaibaba Watershed Association 3 Bhalukuna Halanbhata Tureikela Bolangir Lantbudha Watershed Association 4 Ghunesh Ghunesh Tureikela Bolangir Maakhardanen Watershed Association 5 Telenpalli Telenpalli Khaprakhol Bolangir Tiranger Watershed Association 6 Sindhabahali Rengali Khaprakhol Bolangir Bharatmata Watershed Association 7 Adar Soseng Komna Nuapada Adar Watershed Association 8 Gatibeda Sunabeda Komna Nuapada Gatibeda Watershed Association 9 Pandripani Chulabhata Nuapada Nuapada Chulabhata Watershed Association 10 Kalmidadar Motanuapara Nuapada Nuapada Khalianal Watershed Association 03 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  10. 10. Project Framework PARTNERSHIP WITH PROJECT IMPLEMENTING AGENCY (PIA)To cover all the groundwork for the project, partnerships were established withthe various local PIAs which included both Government Departments and NGOs.These PIAs were introduced and oriented to the various aspects of technologyand trials. NEED ASSESSMENT PARTICIPATORY TECHNOLOGYThe findings of the study high- DEVELOPMENT (PTD)lighted various features like Technologies were designed according to thethe present means of irriga- need of the farmers, which directly related totion, water depth, water water lifting, storage, distribution, application,source & type, land type & etc. The design and development of technol-topography, type of soil, ogy was made in such a way that it reducesdistance of water source, and women drudgery such as Surface Treadle Pumpmaintenance cost of irrigation (STP), Pressure Pump (PP), Rope & Washerdevice, difficulty faced in Pump (R&WP), KB Drip Irrigation Systemsmaintenance, and constraints (Bucket Kit, Drum Kit & Customized drip),and opportunities. Water Storage Bag, etc.This finding pointed to a fairchances of adoption of tech-nologies like Surface TreadlePump and Pressure Pump inthe areas where the watertable is within 25 feet duringthe summer. There is also afair and proportionate chanceof adoption of Rope andWasher Pump devices atplaces where the water tablegoes above 25 feet during cer-tain time of the year. TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION AND USER FEEDBACK Early adopters were identified with the help of concerned PIA & Watershed Committee members. With these adopters, various technology trials were conducted through demo plots and User Feedback is being obtained at regular intervals. 04 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  11. 11. PRODUCT MODIFICATION TRAINING TO FARMERS & PIAsTechnologies installed areclosely monitored at Training to farmers and PIAs has been considered to befrequent intervals and the essential to enhance their capacity on various aspects offeedback from farmers are the technologies being promoted and the promotionalregularly collected. Based activities to be conducted. It will involve developing aon the feedback, necessary Training Module for PIAs, conducting training programsmodifications are being for technologies, practical demonstration of technology,carried out, and field maintenance, etc.tested in various demoplots. A continuous refine-ment process helps inimprovement of theefficacy of technologies. PROCESS DOCUMENTATION AND IMPACT STUDY DEVELOPING Process documentation to be carried out throughout the life of the Project. Both monthly and quarterly progress PROMOTIONAL reports will be submitted to the NR International, Orissa, STRATEGY Watershed Development Mission and WORLP. Besides,Development of promo- studies like Baseline Survey of the Farmers, Impact Studytional strategies is done of the users are to be carried out.with close association ofPIA and WORLP staff. Theprocess goes through iden-tifying the potential areasfor promotion, local meansof promotion, generatingideas from farmer andpartner meets. It may bestatic, dynamic or massmedia use for promotion. 05 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  12. 12. Feasibility StudyIDEI carried out a techno-feasibility study with the following objectives:Objectives: To understand the soil structure, existing water sources, level of water in different seasons, distance from water sources mostly used for agriculture purposes, topogra- phy, irrigation devices used, cost effectiveness of the devices used, aspects of repairing and maintenance, etc. To observe the practices in the field by moving from village to village and area to area. To have a clarity on the constraints and opportunities that the smallholders have which could form the basis for developing the strategy for improving their livelihoods by utilizing the available land and water resources in the area.Methodology:Farmers were contacted individually and in groups on a random basis in ten villages of all thefive blocks of Bolangir and Nuapada districts. Both individual and group discussionsconcentrated on the aspects of land and water management, sources of water for irrigation,use of existing irrigation devices and their cost effectiveness, constraints and opportunitiesrelated to agriculture, etc. Besides, the key informants such as village teachers, postmasters,VAWs, and watershed committee members were contacted for seeking and verifyinginformation on the above aspects.The data thus collected, as well as field observations, were analyzed and interpreted by theproject staff. The major findings of the survey were also shared among other internal staffof IDEI, and other stakeholders of WORLP, to get their feedback and further validate thefindings.Summary of Findings and Recommendations:The findings encouraged a fair chance of adoption of technologies like Surface TreadlePump, Rope and Washer Pump, and Pressure Pump in the area as the water table was foundwithin 25 feet during the summer. It was also understood that a majority of the populationdoes not have access to irrigation water and are dependent on the rain. Hence there is aneed to work on developing technologies for water storage to facilitate irrigation.Some significant observations pertained to: Approximately 55% of the farmers have access to clean water. About 58% of the population have their farm fields on the upland and hence would need water lifting devices for irrigation. The land topography of the region with 68% lands being slightly slopy necessitates introduction of drip irrigation technologies like Drum Kit, Bucket Kit, and customized systems. About 40% of the soil is primarily clay and around 20% each is loamy and sandy. This provides an indication that the region needs different types of technologies for irrigation. Nearly 40% of the farmers have their land within 2 meters of the water source and around 33% have their water source at a distance of 4-6 meters. As high as 95% of the population do not use any water lifting device for irrigation. They use primitive technologies for irrigation. As a matter of fact over 60% of the farmers do not have any source of irrigation. IDEI’s past experience says that over 80% of the treadle pump users say that they have to spend less than Rs. 100/- annually on its maintenance. Simple and efficient technologies like Surface Treadle Pumps, Rope and Washer Pumps and Pressure Pumps may require a maximum mainte- nance cost of Rs.300/-. There is also a need to train mistries at local levels so that farmers do not have to face difficulties in getting devices repaired on time. IDEI already has over a decade experience in establishing a chain of network for the efficient delivery of technology to the farmers as well as training mistries so that farmers do not face difficulty in installation and in repair. Farmers are facing a number of constraints during agriculture operations in respect of getting 06 true to the type of seed, not habituated to practise suitable crop pattern for the suitable soil, suitable and affordable technologies for irrigation, etc. PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  13. 13. The Process o f P T D (M I) PROTOTYPE RECOMMENDATION DEVELOPMENT & COMMERCIALIZATION INSTALLATION PRODUCT IN THE FIELD FABRICATION FEEDBACK DESIGN COLLECTION STANDARDIZATION PROBLEM PRODUCT/COMPONENT ANALYSIS MODIFICATION TECHNOLOGY INSTALLATIONS The technology installation work started in Febru- ary. By end of Otober, the following have been installed, demonstrated, tested and modified in the project area: Surface Treadle Pump (STP) 139 Bucket Kit (BK) 14 Drum Kit (DK) 16 Pressure Pump (PP) 03 Rope & Washer Pump (R&WP) 03 Customized Drip System (CDS) 03 Family Nutrition Kit (FNK) 03 Water Storage Bag (WSB) 02 Vermi Wash (VW) 112 Nursery Tray 33 07 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  14. 14. INTEGRATED SYSTEMS AT WORK LOW COST WATER STORAGE BAG This product has been installed at Telenpalli, Bolangir District, as a first of its kind. It has a storage capacity of 10,000 liters, of the run off rain water. This water then can be easily used for irrigation during the water-stress period. CUSTOMIZED DRUM KIT LOW COST DRIP INTEGRATED WITH SYSTEM ROPE & WASHER PUMP INTEGRATED WITHThis is an innovative case. PRESSURE PUMPA Rope & Washer pump has The Pressure Pump is usedbeen installed for lifting to lift water from nala to fillwater, which fills the drum for up the drum for drip-irri-drip irrigation purpose. The gation purpose. To know itstrial is on in Ghunesh village, efficacy, a check-plot and aBolangir District. demo-plot have been tried out adjacent to each other. NURSERY RAISING IDEI has also imparted training on the use of germination tray for nursery purposes. In all the 10 project villages, the training was conducted on the use of the same along with organic mixtures for the preparation of seed- lings of different veg- etables. During the training program all the farmers have shown their interest to practice the nursery by themselves independently with the help of germina- tion tray in addition to seed bed systems. 08 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  15. 15. VERMI-WASH The training programs on Vermi-wash have been organized for the farmers of the project area to practice the same in the demo plots. The training included elaboration on the process of vermi-wash preparation, followed by practical demonstration. The following benefits on the use of vermi- wash were discussed with the participants: Increase in the rate of photo synthesis in crop/plant. Increase in the number of micro- organism in the soil. Increase in the crop yield. Increase in pest resistance. Increase in the rate of decomposition of compost. TECHNOLOGY MODIFICATION THROUGH USER FEEDBACK Technology Problems Solutions Warpage of bottom plate Manufacturing process modified STP Bucket washer wearing fast Composition changed Check valves cut Thickness increased and composition modifiedDRIP IRRIGATION Insufficient water leads to Redefined the micro tubes plant failure per plant PP Bucket washer wearing Composition modified out fast R & WP Breakage of the handle Welding made once WSB No problems so far 09 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  16. 16. B u i l d i n g Motivation ...Seeds, Seedlings and basal dose fertilizer have been used for the demonstra-tion plots where a technology has been installed. Besides, cropping plan wasdiscussed with the farmers and accordingly resources chanalised.Ten mini sprayers were procured for the ten focus villages of the PTD (microirrigation) so that the concerned farmers of the demo plots could use it onsharing basis. Thus affordable technology was promoted and famers weremotivated to adopt it.Farmers have been made aware of the varieties of the seeds/seedling to beplanted, doses of fertilizer application, techniques of pesticide spray, applicationof FYM, etc. The demo plots sofar have developed good planthealth, expecting good harvest.The use of low cost plasticdelivery pipes were introducedin most of the demo plots toshow people that it saves waterfrom seepage, and providesquick irrigation with the help ofa STP. Dissemination of Agri-information among Farmers IDEI distributed “KRISHAK BANDHU ANNAPURNA” a monthly agriculture related magazine in Oriya language containing information on different crops, their management and practices, success stories of farmers, innovations in the field of agriculture, findings of the research institute, market price information and guidance to set up the small agri- based firms/units, etc. This was disseminated amongst selected farmers and has been found to be very effective. Similarly, IDEI printed literatures on “KEUN SAMAYARE KEUN PANIPARIBA LAGAIBA” meaning “when to plant which vegetables” and “FALA CHASARA SAPHALATA” meaning “benefits of fruit cultivation” and circulated among the farmers. Most of the farmers and other stakeholders are of the opinion that this information has benefited them and enhanced their knowledge on vegetable and horticultural crops. 10 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  17. 17. Capacity BuildingTraining in Agronomic PracticesThis training covered important aspects such as land and water management, crop andpest management, use of organic fertilizer, crop rotation, multiple cropping, etc. Farmersclosely interacted with the resource persons on crop specific problems being faced by them.The resource persons were experts from the local area of Bolangir and Nuapada districts.The farmers who received training were followed up at regular intervals.Technology related trainingThe training programme on installation, repairing and maintenance of Drum Kit and BucketKit was organized in various places, where the farmers, CBT members, WDT members,PIAs, LSTs of Nuapada and Bolangir district participated in the training.On the job training on manufacturing of STP, Rope and Washer pump, Pressure pump wasimparted to the concerned manufacturers. The drawing and design of the systems werediscussed with the technical staff of the manufacturers. They first made the sample proto-type under the guidance of the Quality Assurance Manager (QAM) of IDEI.A technology training programme was also organized at Moorsingh (non-WORLP area)under Deogam block of Bolangir district. Local people accepted STP and expressed theirconfidence on the efficacy of this technology. It was observed that replication of thistechnology was easy in this locality.Farmers’ training on low cost technologiesA farmers training on different low cost water lifting and distribution technologies, wasorganized by IDEI in collaboration with CBDA (PIA of Komna block) at Gatibeda of Nuapadadistrict. Thirtyseven farmers, including six women, were trained to distinguish betweenbacterial and viral wilt and to take appropriate measures. The farmers were advised to usedifferent neem based fertilizers, neemcakes in soil application to avoid soil born diseases.Similarly, to enhance the capacity on takingup different crops at low cost, a trainingprogram for farmers was organized jointly byIDEI and ASCO Patnagarh at Telenpalli.Seventy progressive farmers from 6 micro wa-tersheds participated in the training program.IDEI and ASCO Nuapada organized anothertraining at Kotenhuan under Nuapada blockfor thirtytwo farmers and four others on IDEI’slow cost technologies, viz., STP, PressurePump, Drip Irrigation, etc. They were alsotrained about the source of low cost micronutrients like vermiwash.A farmers’ training programme was conducted by IDEI at Asurmunda with the help ofSabuja Viplav, the PIA of Luisinga block. Fifty farmers along with LST, WDT membersactively participated and four farmers shared their experience on utility and benefits of STP.Similarly, another farmers training was organized at Dholmadal under Tureikela block inassociation with VIKALP,the PIA. Fiftyfive farmers actively participated in this training.Farmers’ Meetings/CampsA farmers meeting with live demo of STP, DK & vermiwash was organized at Kundaimalunder Deogaon block with the help of Deogaon PIA. Thirtyfive farmers participated, and thewatershed committee members were so impressed with the efficiency of technologies thatthey gave an indent of 15 STPs. 11 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  18. 18. A farmers training camp was organized at Dholamunda under Tureikela block by IDEI inassociation with VIKALPA in which about 45 farmers, including 6 women, participated.They were trained on vermi wash, STP and drip irrigation.A farmers meeting was organized at VISWAS campus, Khariar Road. Thirty farmers from 10villages attended it and they were trained about repair and maintenance of STP, impor-tance and installation of vermi wash, installation and minor repairing/replacement of DK(drip irrigation), etc.. After the meeting, they visited different demo plot sites where thetechnologies were installed.A big farmers meeting was held at Larambha near Patnagarh in association with RCDC inwhich 60 farmers actively participated. They were trained about IDEI’s different technolo-gies and participated in the discussion on “Constraints and opportunities in farmingsystem”.A farmer meeting was also organized at Gatibeda with twenty-five farmers. The functional-ity, efficacy, repairing and maintenance of different IDEI technologies were discussed. Threefarmers showed their interest to purchase the system.Vermiwash trainingVermi Wash trainings in different villages (other than PTD (MI) focus) area of Bolangir andNuapada districts were conducted from time to time.It was organized at Gaudapalli (New Watershed area) in association with ASCO, Patnagarh(PIA) in which 30 farmers took part along with PIA, LST & CBT members. Two units ofvermiwash were installed with farmer’s contribution.Vermi wash trainings were also conducted in the villages of Lanjimar, Bhainsadadar, Banjipani,Banjimar, Kotenenugam, Ainalapalli,Sirigidi, Chatanpada, Sorbhangvillages in Nuapada district; andKumuapalli, Ratakhandi, Rengali,Asurmunda, Khuntulimunda, Ghunesh,Telenpalli villages in Bolangir District.WorkshopsA two-day Workshop on PTD(MI) washeld at RITE, Bolangir for PIAs ofNuapada and Bolangir District on 12thand 13th August ’04. Thorough discus-sion was made on different technolo-gies developed and field tested by IDEIin the focus area of WORLP of Bolangirand Nuapada Districts. The CBT mem-bers along with the District level Govt.Officials including the District Collec-tor and PD and APDs participated. Dis-cussions were made on Water StorageBag, Customized Drip, Vermi Wash,Nursery Tray, Surface Treadle Pump,etc. The District Collector advised theparticipants to motivate the farmersto adopt the low cost and affordabletechnologies in their concerned area.Live DemosLive demonstrations on STP andvermiwash were performed in the vil-lages of Chotakendubahar, Sirigiri under the PIA, VISWAS of Nuapada, in addition to therepair and maintenance of the technology. About 45 farmers were interested to purchase 12the technology through a loan component from their village SHG fund which was informedto the concerned PIA. PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  19. 19. Exposure visitsExposure visits to demo plots fitted withdifferent technologies were conductedseveral times for the local farmers ofthe watershed Villages to create aspread-effect among the non-users ofthe micro irrigation technologies.Nursery trainingNursery training along with germina-tion tray was given at Pandripanivillage of Nuapada with the help of Ag-ricultural expert on 13th July’04 where15 farmers were present who realizedthe benefits of it and took interest topurchase germination trays. This typeof training was repeated later at otherplaces. Exposure Visit to Karnataka Mr. Suresh Chandra Bisoyi, Chief Operating Man- ager, Regional Office, IDEI, Bhubaneswar, Mr. Gundicha Behera, Area Manager, IDEI, Bolangir, and Mr. P. K. Tripathy, Managing Director of M/s. Jagannath Merchandising Pvt. Ltd., Bhubaneswar (Distributor of IDEI promoted Technologies) were on a field exposure visit to Karnataka for three days (15th to 17th May) to observe the Drip Irrigation Programmes (BK, DK and Customized Drip Systems for small and marginal farmers) of the State, which are being promoted by IDEI through private channels. This field exposure visit was very useful as a learn- ing event for the team. During the field visit many clarifications on the Drip Irrigation Programme, particularly spacing, cropping, water requirement, flexibility in design, and calculation of water out- put of micro tubes could be obtained, and adopted immediately in the field of PTD area of WORLP. Besides the team also gained some knowledge on the use of germination tray and organic mixture for nursery, which was later demonstrated in all the 10 Villages in PTD area during 3rd week of May’ 04. This technology is found to be very useful for vegetable nursery. The whole learning exercises was shared by the team with the other field staff of IDEI. Moreover, KB Drip (Tape System) used by the Karnataka small and marginal farmers was very interesting and the same system can be adopted by the small and marginal farmers of Western Orissa through customized systems. 13 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  20. 20. CAPACITY BUILDING PROGRAMME ON THE USEFULNESS OF MICRO IRRIGATION TECHNOLOGIES AND CROP PRACTICESA series of training programs and the field exposures were organized by IDEI in thePTD (MI) area in collaboration with the local partners of WORLP. During the trainings,farmers were trained on the usefulness of different low cost water lifting and applicationtechnologies particularly on the installation, repairs and maintenance of TP & MI,preparation of vermiwash, use of micro tubes according to the plants in case of drips.IDEI staff and other experts were engaged as resource person during the capacitybuilding programs. Most of the farmers interacted with the resource persons in connectionto the repairs and maintenance of MI technologies and crop specific problems beingfaced by them.The following aspects of agronomic practices were covered by the different resourcepersons during all the trainings such as: Crop and pest management, Use of organic fertilizer, Crop rotation and Multiple cropping, Procedure of breaking the dormancy of different seeds, Bio-based medicines for pest and insect attack to plants, Trained to distinguish between bacterial and viral wilt in brinjal and tomato Appropriate measures to tackle viral and bacterial wilt, Steps to reduce indiscriminant use of chemical fertilizer, Use different Neem based fertilizers like Neem cakes in soil application to avoid soil born diseases, control stem borer and fruit & shoot borer by foliar applica- tion of Neem oil by means of using a spreader. How to consider the economic threshold level (ETL) of a particular crop The beneficial effects of Tricoderma viride as a seed treating fungicide which is not a chemical Remedial measures on soil born diseases & seed treatment The same crop of solanaceae family was taken in the same field consecutively for two to three years or more the diseases would be seen. PARTNERSHIP WITH PIAs Block PIA Khaprakhol ASCO, Patnagarh Agalpur SABUJA BIPLAB Tureikela VIKALPA Block PIA Nuapada VISWAS Komna CBDA, Sunabeda 14 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  21. 21. PROFILE OF THE FARMERS TRAINING ON TECHNOLOGIES USEFULNESS AND DIFFERENT CROP PRACTICESSl. Date Organised In Association No. of Venue of Place forNo. By with Participants the Training Field Exposure1. 10/9/04 IDEI VISWAS 32 Nuapada Pandripani2. 18/09/04 RCDC IDEI 52 Larambha Telenpalli3. 21/09/04 IDEI Sabuja Viplav 45 Asurmunda Asurmunda & Khuntulimunda4. 1/10/04 IDEI VIKALPA 45 Dholmadal Ghunesh5. 12/10/04 ASCO, IDEI 36 Katenchua Pandripani Nuapada6. 17/10/04 IDEI ASCO, 70 Telenpalli Telenpalli Patnagarh & Gaurapalli7. 19/10/04 IDEI CBDA, Nuapada 32 Gatibeda Gatibeda8. 26/10/04 RCDC IDEI 45 Gudvela Telenpalli PROFILE OF FARMERS VISIT TO DIFFERENT DEMO PLOTS OF PTD (MI) FOCUS AREASl. Name of the Location of No. of Organized Collabora-No. Farmer’s Village the Demo Plot Farmers by ting Partner1. Bakti Asurmunda 25 Sabuja Viplav IDEI2. Bagbhal Asurmunda 35 Sabuja Viplav IDEI3. Mursundi Asurmunda 15 Sabuja Viplav IDEI4. Khaliapalli Asurmunda 21 Sabuja Viplav IDEI5. Khuntulimunda Asurmunda 12 Farmers IDEI6. Salebata Asurmunda 18 Farmers IDEI7. Jorasinga (Deogaon) Asurmunda 25 Cendret Bolangir IDEI8. Kalmidadar Pandripani 22 VISWAS IDEI9. Pandripani Kalmidadar 22 VISWAS IDEI10. Sindhibhalli Telenpalli 20 ASCO, Patnagarh IDEI11. Muribahal Ghunesh 30 LWSI IDEI12. Bhalukuna Ghunesh 25 IDEI VIKALPA13. Dhojabhata Gatibeda 8 IDEI CBDA 15 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  22. 22. Monitoring Functional Efficacy (Water Lifting Devices) Sl. No. 1 2 3 Name of the Products SURFACE TREADLE PUMP (STP) PRESSURE PUMP (PP) ROPE & WASHER PUMP (RWP) Installation Proper super structure causes Temporary installation is done Proper and permanent smooth operation to avoid theft installation is made Rigid pump base ensures better Support structure made properly performance Suction Depth Bolangir District - 17’ min & 22’ max Bolangir District - 6’ min & 10’ max Bolangir District - 32’ & 30’ Nuapada District - 16’ min & 22’ max Nuapada District - 8’ Nuapada District - 34’ Water Discharge Bolangir District - 3800 lph avg. Bolangir District - 1800 lph avg. Bolangir District - 1900 lph avg. Nuapada District - 3700 lph avg. Nuapada District - 1500 lph avg. Nuapada District - 1500 lph MONITORING PARAMETERS Leakages No leakages found so far No leakages found so far No Leakages found so far Functionality Operation - Easy Operation - Easy Operation - Easy No abnormal noise found Delivery - up to 100 ‘ horizontally Discharge satisfactory and 8’ high Condition of Key Bushes worn out by 0.2 mm. Components worn out - Bucket Piston cups not worn out Components Components worn out - Bucket washer (composition have been Rope not worn out washer & check valve (Composition changed) Welding cracks - once of these parts have been changed) Bushes worn out by 0.1 mm. Welding cracks - Nil Welding cracks - Nil Maintenance Proper lubrication done Lubrication - Properly done Welding done once Carried out Cleanliness maintained satisfactory Cleanliness - Satisfactory No other expenses made on maintenance Parts Changed/ Bucket Washer Bucket Washer - Once Handle lock nut (1 case) - Repaired Check Valve Repaired Once Axle (3 cases) - Once Stopper Valve (1 case) - OnceOWDM-IDEI January-October, 2004 REPORT STATUS PROJECT REPORT STATUS PROJECT 16
  23. 23. Monitoring Functional Efficacy (Drip Irrigation System) Sl. No. 1 2 3 Name of the Products BUCKET KIT DRUM KIT CUSTOMIZED DRIP Installation Properly made Rigid & permanent Rigid & permanent Tank Capacity 25 liters 200 liters 300 liter Min & 500 liters max Method of filling Manual Manual Pressure Pump & overhead tank the tank No. of irrigation Twice Twice Twice per day MONITORING PARAMETERS Water applied 25 liters 200 liters 600 liters min & 1000 liters max per day Micro tube 1.8 liters per hour (Max) 2.1 liters per hour (Max) 2.48 liters per hour (Max) discharge Maintenance Improper fencing caused crop Proper handling ensures Properly maintained damage longer life Sub-main buried under Improper handling caused tap & Laterals buried under earth earth for better safety filter breakage for better safety Clogging of 25% (Tapped to make them 10% (Tapped or blown to 5% (Blown to make them micro tubes clear) make them clear) clear) Parts changed Tap & filter (once in 3 cases) Filter (once in five cases) No parts changed so far Filter (twice in one case) Top (once in one case) Condition of Lateral & micro tubes are in Laterals & micro tubes are Sub-main pipes, KB drip laterals & components good condition in good condition micro tubes are in good conditionOWDM-IDEI January-October, 2004 REPORT STATUS PROJECT REPORT STATUS PROJECT 17
  24. 24. Monitoring Functionality of VermiwashFeeding: Once in each five days.Vermi Mortality: 1. Proper aeration is ensured by providing a little gap between 2 pots to avoid suffocation of the Vermi. 2. Raw cow dung slurry is used at the top most layer and not on the middle layer.Safety Factors: Neem oil is applied at the base of the tripod stand to avoid ant attack.Storing of Vermiwash: 1. Normally vermiwash is stored by the farmers in glass container which degrades the quality (to be stored in covered earthen containers). 2. Diluted vermiwash is stored by the farmers, which would not be very effective (they were advised to apply immediately after diluting). 3. Farmers spray the vermiwash by the sprayer used previously for spraying chemicals/ pesticides by which the quality of vermiwash become ineffective (they were told to properly clean the sprayer before spraying vermiwash). FAMILY NUTRITION KIT The family nutrition kit has been designed to irrigate 88 vegetable plants in 20 m2 area in the backyard of the house. The system comprises of: One 20 liter capacity plastic storage bag One filter One valve 125 micron thick KB drip tape KB TEE joints 20 cm long micro tube drippers. This ready made system costs only Rs. 125 to the farmer. One unit was installed in the village Bhalukuna close to the Rope & Washer Pump. The plastic bag was hanged at a height of 0.7 meters with the help of a support structure. The field evaluation will be carried out later on the basis of emission uniformity, plant growth & productivity. The basic purpose of the system is to make it affordable for the women farmers to grow vegetables in the backyard for family consumption, and for sale in case there is a surplus. Another purpose is that they will be able to learn about the 18 technology and get the confidence for further expansion for commercial use. PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  25. 25. Impact AssessmentA study was conducted by Ms. Shruti Mishra, Student, Indian Institute of PlantationManagement, Bangalore in the project villages of Bolangir and Nuapada districts, identifiedby WORLP and IDEI. About 6 villages under 3 blocks were chosen for the study. The villagesare Asurmunda, Khuntlimunda, Telenpalli, Sindhbahi in Bolangir and Pandripani andKalmidadhal in Nuapada district. The sample size was restricted to only 20 farmers due totime constraint. It included users who were given STP on trial, users those who havepurchased STP and non-users who use any other mode of irrigation.In agriculture, women actively participate with their male counterpart in all the activitiesright from transplanting to harvesting. Even in irrigation, which demands heavy physicallabor, women take part. They prepare drainage channels and sometime even operate thetenda. Case Study 1Objectives: To study the impact of STP on overall farming SUBUKASHI PUTEL system of the household. Transformation of life from a nightmare to a sweet dream To study the impact of the pump on the Life was a nightmare for 35 years old Subuskashi Putel, a widow women members of the practicing of Telenpalli village. With a hope for better living she remarried households. Chandramani Putel, a 65 year old man of the same village. ButMethodology: the living conditions didn’t improve much. They had about half an acre of land, which they were unable to utilize properly. NeitherBoth qualitative and quantitative type of research they had bullock for ploughing nor they had sufficient money towas conducted for the study. Qualitative research hire labor for each and every farming activity. With an old, weakhelped to unearth the in-depth feelings and and ailing husband the onus of running the household wasmotivations of the users. Both primary and completely on Subukashi’s shoulder. Moreover without any childrensecondary data were collected. or any other possible help, she was completely alone and had toThe study was conducted in the selected project do everything on her own, which was sometime troublesome.villages of WORLP and IDE by taking samples of But somehow they had managed to install a “tenda” and hired ausers and non-users. The samples were collected labor to operate it. Due to dearth of money they were not able to utilize even that small plot of land and had a small amount ofon random basis. income, which, after paying labor cost was insufficient to run theFindings: household. STP has helped to decrease the physical One day she came to know about STP, which was given to her strain that was meted out by tenda on the as a trial offer of IDEI. The pump changed her life to a positive men folks as they mainly operated it. They direction. It was easy to install and operate, so she didn’t require used to face a lot of physical problems like labors to irrigate her land as now she could do it by herself. backache, pain in the rib cage, etc. STP has Instead, she hired a pair of bullock for ploughing and labor for land reduced these problems, as it is easier to preparation. Previously the land used to remain fallow during use. summer but this year after installing STP she utilized the entire land. This year she also grew brinjal, onion, greens, tomato and The women admitted that use of STP has chilli. She irrigated her land on her own and got a good income. increased the work pressure on them as now That small plot helped her to generate about Rs.2000 by selling they have started operating STP along with vegetables apart from household consumption. In addition she performing other farming activities, as it is has grown some lemon plants bordering the plot that gave her a easier to operate than the “tenda”. handsome income of Rs.2000. Now she has started duck rearing The women also admitted that operating STP by taking a loan of Rs.1000 from their village SHG. was painful in the beginning but later on as She appreciates the utility of STP and the benefits for the poor they became acquainted with it the pain farmers like her. gradually subsided. So, it can be concluded that STP is causing negligible drudgery. STP has also helped in the reduction of labor charges, as it is easier to install and operate than the tenda. Therefore, the users are not hiring labors for irrigation instead they are taking help from the family. Use of STP has improved the economic condition as previously they used to cultivate a small patch with the help of a tenda resulting in less production and less earning. With increased production of vegetables they could consume more amount without 19 hesitation as it was plentily available in the backyard. Thus, STP has helped in increasing their nutrition level by providing more balanced diets. PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  26. 26. Case Study 2 RAMAKRISHNA PRADHAN A boon in form of STP This year to marry off his daughter lavishly would have remained a distant dream for Ramakrishna Pradhan but thanks to STP, which turned his dream into reality. For him to run a family with nine children during summer is a thorny matter. But STP became a quick solution for all his problems. He has about 10 acres of land and 1 acre of kitchen garden. But dearth of water during summer makes it difficult for him to cultivate anything on the kitchen garden. Somehow, he managed to cultivate vegetables in a small portion out of it with the help of a tenda every year; but the production was not sufficient for the entire family. They also used to work as labourers in the fields of neighbours to run the household. But things took a different turn after he was offered STP on trial basis by IDEI. He gave the entire responsibility of the kitchen garden to his wife and daughters, as now he and his sons are free from the trouble of irrigating the plot. His sons who earlier used to operate tenda in order to irrigate their land, got engaged in cattle trade and he himself dug a well in the main rice field and cemented it, the work that he was unable to accomplish for a long time. Ramakrishna Pradhan now wants to engage himself as a shopkeeper (ration). His wife and daughters took the onus of cultivating vegetables in their backyard and grew guar (cluster bean), okra and greens. The amount produced is sold and consumed at home. They had a profit of about Rs.2000-2500 after selling the vegetables. Moreover, they could consume satisfactorily which was never possible before. The money earned was contributed to his daughter’s marriage. He confesses that her marriage was possible only due to the extra income they earned with the help of STP. He is satisfied with it and is willing to use it next year and is interested to increase the land area. For him STP came as a boon into his life and changed the scenario of his life. STP has made a great impact on my life and I am indebted to it, says Ramakrishna. 20 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  27. 27. B E N E F I T S and C O S T S ...STP20 farmers used STP in 10 villages. The period of cultivation was from February to October.One crop was taken all 20 farmers and the second crop was taken by 3 farmers.Additional area brought under irrigation:Area brought under irrigation was 8.62 acres with an average irrigated area of 0.43 acresper farmer. The area irrigated per farmer ranged from a minimum of 0.18 acres to a maximumof 1 acre. They are categorized as follows: 4 (25%) of farmers irrigated between 0.18 to 0.22 acres 7 (35%) of farmers irrigated between 0.25 to 0.4 acres 7 (35%) of farmers irrigated between 0.5 to 0.6 acres 2 (10%) of farmers irrigated land in excess of 0.7 acresThis experience clearly shows that farmers are comfortable in using STP in irrigating up toan area of 1 acre. Farmers owning land as low as 0.18 acres are comfortable in using STPand think that it is a better option for irrigation. The majority of the farmers have used STPin irrigating lands between 0.2 to 0.6 acres.Additional agricultural production:The Gross value of the agriculture produce, generated by using an STP among the 20farmers amounted to Rs.150,178. The average gross value produced per farmer was Rs.7,509.The gross value of produce generated ranged from Rs.3,255 to Rs.13,000. They arecategorized as follows: 7 (35%) of farmers produced agriculture produce in the range of Rs.3000-5000. 1 (5%) of farmers produced agriculture produce in the range of Rs.5000-7500. 7 (35%) of farmers produced agriculture produce in the range of Rs.7500-10000. 5 (25%) of farmers produced agriculture produce greater than Rs.10000.Cost of Cultivation:The cost of cultivation, among the 20 farmers amounted to Rs.48,218. The average cost ofcultivation per farmer was Rs.2,411. The cost of cultivation ranged from Rs.865 to Rs.4,150.They are categorized as follows: 7 (35%) of farmers had a cost of cultivation in the range of Rs.800-1500. 2 (10%) of farmers had a cost of cultivation in the range of Rs.1500-2500. 7 (35%) of farmers had a cost of cultivation in the range of Rs.2500-3500. 4 (20%) of farmers had a cost of cultivation greater than Rs.3500.This gives an indication of the amount of money that farmers are willing to invest aftergetting access to an irrigating device. The cost of cultivation as a percentage of the totalgross value is 32% on the whole and ranges between 21-37%, with most farmers fallingbetween 29-33%. With the help of assured irrigation, which the STP offers, farmers canearn Rs.3 on an investment of Re.1. 21 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  28. 28. What happens to the production?Not all the agriculture produces is sold in the CASES OF BENUDHARmarket, nor is it all consumed. Farmers, depending AND NARAYANon family size and need for cash income, always Benudhar Majhi is a very interestinggo in for a combination of consumption and sales case. He has been able to make theto earn cash income. For every Re. 1 of vegetables most productive use of his assets, theconsumed by the family, about Rs.5.50 is sold at land, labour and his new acquisition thethe market. An average of 10% of the produce is Surface Treadle Pump.consumed with a minimum of 4% and a maximumof 14%. On an average each family has consumed If we extrapolate the data collected onRs.728 worth of vegetables. Our field experience an acre basis, we find that Benudhar Majhi has been able to generateshows that most of the vegetables were sold at a agriculture produce equivalent torate of Rs.5-7 with farmers getting rates as high Rs.25,000 per acre, a cash income ofas Rs.15 (for short spells during the summer). Rs.14,000 per acre and consumptionThis means that every family in a spell of eight of Rs.3,000 per acre. Although he hasmonths have consumed 100 kilograms of fresh cultivated only 0.5 acres of land, he hasvegetables which was previously not part of their been very efficient in use of assets anddiet, as they neither produced it nor had the cash among this lies more lessons to beincome to purchase it. learned which can be transferred to other farmers.What happens to the remaining produce – it Like Benudhar Majhi, Narayan Majhiis sold in the nearby haats or within the village to has been able to generate agriculturegenerate hard cash for poor smallholder families. produce equivalent to Rs.11,300 per acre, a cash income of Rs.6,000 perThe Cash Income, generated by using a STP among acre and consumption of Rs.1,500 perthe 20 farmers amounted to Rs.86,272. The acre. Narayan Majhi is happy for beingaverage cash income generated per farmer was able to irrigate his 0.32 aceres of landRs.4,314. The cash income generated ranged from and earn Rs.1,940 in cash income andRs.1,925 to Rs.7,810. They are categorized as consume Rs.500 worth of vegetables,follows: but he is not yet aware on what he is missing out. 7 (35%) of farmers produced agriculture produce in the range of Rs.1900-3000. This is where IDEI is progressing to demonstrate how to optimize 6 (30%) of farmers produced agriculture smallholder production and create the produce in the range of Rs.3000-5000. maximum out of limited resources. Therefore, after addressing water 5 (25%) of farmers produced agriculture constraints in terms of lifting, application and storage, it is necessary produce in the range of Rs.5000-7000. to address market related constraints, 2 (10%) of farmers produced agriculture which look at inputs, knowledge base of crop production, market linkages, produce greater than Rs.7000. etc.An average cash income of Rs.4,314 and newconsumption worth Rs.728 adds up toRs.5,402 in a period of eight months, amongfarmers who fall under the poverty line is a significant impact. 22 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  29. 29. Bucket Kit (BK)Drip Irrigation is being heard, seen and used for the first time by these small farmers withlittle access to water. The objective is to gauge acceptance of the concept to irrigate byusing drip. Based on observations and farmer feedback over the past eight months, it issafe to conclude that the concept of drip irrigating is being accepted and the BK being usedfor domestic consumption.The BK irrigates a small patch of land, is tended better and applies water in a more judiciousmanner that flood irrigation; productivity happens to much better. Data show that with thissystem of irrigation, for every rupee invested, farmers can earn Rs.5.The objective of this product is not to enhance income but rather to meet domesticconsumption needs. The farmers are categorized in the following manner: 3 (30%) have used the BK exclusively for consumption needs. 3 (30%) have used the BK in a balanced manner, partly for consumption and partly for generating cash income. 4 (40%) others have used the BK for generating cash income.On closer observation, we have noticed that in the case of the last four families, the familysize is limited to the couple and their only child. Therefore even the produce generated bythe BK was more than what they consumed at home and was therefore put to use forgenerating cash income.This technology is operated and maintained by women.Drum Kit (DK)The objective of introducing the Drum kit was targeted at smallholders who were faced withwater stress issues. This product, besides meeting domestic needs could produce enoughto start making cash incomes. Our experiences with 10 families threw up the followingobservations: All 10 families continue to use the DK. With assured irrigation, farmers could earn Rs.4 for every rupee invested. Cost of cultivation per acre went up by 10% compared to a treadle pump – this is despite the fact that the DK irrigates a smaller area and normally plots are better tended and use more inputs on an average. One of the reasons, why costs have not gone up is because of lesser costs in weeding, fertilizer etc. Productivity per acre is 38% higher when compared to a treadle pump. This clearly proves the superiority of drip irrigated plots. Overall returns are 50% higher in terms of drip irrigated plots. For every Re.1 of vegetables consumed by the family, Rs.5 is sold at the market. Cash incomes are significant and are at an equivalent of Rs.25,000 per acre along with consumption at Rs.10,000 per acre.The twin strategy in the future, based on these observations is: To continue with the smaller kits which will meet domestic needs. Market larger systems to make a significant impact on cash income. Concentrate on geographical areas where we are water stressed. Concentrate on farmers who have access to little water. 23 PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI
  30. 30. Reaching Out & Promotion of MI SystemsCreation of various demo plots installed with different micro irrigation technologies in thePTD area and the exposure visit of farmers from other areas to those demo plots caused aspread effect and the demand for using such technologies was seen. This tempted IDEI togo for extensive promotion and sale of those technologies in areas other than PTD (MI)focus area.Reaching OutA total of 823 numbers of men and women were reached out within and outside of WORLParea in the districts of Bolangir, Nuapada, Bargarh & Kalahandi.SalesThe successful execution of such promotional activities caused a good number of farmersmotivated to purchase the technologies. The details are as follows: Name of the Technology sold Services village STP DK BK CDS VW Nursery Horticultural Sylvicultural Tray Saplings Saplings Asurmunda 22 02 01 02 12 02 -- -- Khuntulimunda 12 01 01 -- 04 02 -- -- Ghunesh 11 01 01 -- 14 02 -- -- Bhalukuna 09 01 02 -- 12 02 -- -- Pandripani 02 01 02 -- 10 -- -- -- Kalmidadar 02 01 01 -- 08 02 -- -- Sinapalli 30 07 05 -- 02 -- -- -- Thutibar 06 -- -- -- 04 01 -- -- Gudbela 20 -- -- -- 04 -- -- -- Gatibeda 06 01 -- -- 08 02 -- -- Telenpalli 08 -- 01 01 14 -- -- -- Gaurapalli 01 -- -- -- 08 20 -- -- Rengali 02 -- -- -- 02 -- 280 40 Phalsamal -- -- -- -- 04 -- 350 -- Ratakhandi 04 01 -- -- 04 -- 120 60 Budabahal -- -- -- -- -- -- 70 -- Banipalli 04 -- -- -- 02 -- 600 40 Kusanga -- -- -- -- -- -- 200 40 Total 139 16 14 03 112 33 1620 180Production Planning of STP & Other TechnologiesIn the beginning of the project, there was only one manufacturer i.e. M/s. Subash Iron &Agricultural Industry, Kesinga, who has produced modified the Surface Treadle Pumpfor the PTD work. However, the volume of demand created due to the extensive promotionalactivities carried out during the past months forced us to think of bridging the gap betweenthe demand and supply in the future. Thus, a new manufacturer was finalized to producethe Surface Treadle Pump, Rope & Washer Pump and Pressure Pump to supply as and whenthe demand generates. This manufacturer M/s. Nayak Industries, Bolangir, is capableenough to meet the demand of the technologies. QAM, IDEI had been involved in theprocess starting from the selection of this manufacturer, providing related training to theirworkers in connection with the manufacturing process. They were also trained on how to becareful in maintaining quality and to enhance the durability of the product, and enable the 24poor farmers to own trouble free, zero maintenance products. PROJECT PROJECT STATUS STATUS REPORT REPORT January-October, 2004 OWDM-IDEI