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Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic

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  • 1. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books 4 vFkZO;oLFkk dsaæh; ctV 2012&13 foÙkea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ }kjk yksdlHkk esa is'k% ,d utj foÙkea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us dsæh; ctV 2012&13 yksd lHkk a esa is'k fd;kA 16 ekpZ 2012 dks is'k fd, x, ctV esa çkFkfedrkvksa ds vuq:i ikap mís';ksa dh igpku dh xbZ] ftuds fØ;kUo;u esa foÙk o"kZ 2012&13 esa tksj nsuk gSA ;s ikap mís'; gSa & ¼1½ ?kjsyw ekax ls vfHkçsfjr fodkl iqu:RFkku ij /;ku dsfUær djuk] ¼2½ futh fuos'k esa mPp o`f) ds rhoz iqu:RFkku ds fy, fLFkfr;ka iSnk djuk] ¼3½ —f"k] ÅtkZ vkSj ifjogu {ks=ksa] fo'ks"kdj dks;yk] fo|qr] jk"Vªh; jktekxZ] jsyos vkSj ukxj foekuu esa vkiwfrZ laca/kh ck/kk,a nwj djuk ¼4½ fo'ks"k :i ls dqiks"k.k dh leL;k ls vR;f/kd xzLr nks lkS ftyksa esa dqiks"k.k dh leL;k ls futkr ikus ds fy, fu.kkZ;d mik; djuk vkSj ¼5½ forj.k ç.kkfy;ksa] xousl vkSj ikjnf'kZrk esa lq/kkj ykus vkSj dkys/ku rFkk Za lkoZtfud thou esa Hkz"Vkpkj dh leL;k ls fuiVus ds fy, fd, tk jgs fu.kZ;ksa ds lefUor dk;kZUo;u esa rsth ykukA dsaæh; ctV 2012&13 % v o"kZ 2012&13 esa 9]69]900 djksM+ #i;s ds xSj&;kstukc) [kpsZ dk vuqeku] tcfd ;kstukc) [kpZ 5]21]025 djksM+ #i;s gksus dk vuqeku] tks fd o"kZ 2011&12 ds ctV vuqeku ls 18 çfr'kr vf/kd gSA v o"kZ 2012&13 ds nkSjku ldy ?kjsyw mRikn o`f) 7A6 çfr'kr gksus dk vuqekuA blesa 0A25 çfr'kr dh deh ;k vf/kdrk gks ldrh gSA v o"kZ 2012&13 esa foÙkh; ?kkVk ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dk 5A1 çfr'kr jgus dk vuqekuA v j{kk lsokvksa ds fy, 1]93]407 djksM+ #i;s dk çko/kku fd;k x;kA ftlesa iwath O;; gsrq 79]579 djksM+ #i;s 'kkfey gSaA v lkekU; Js.kh ds djnkrkvksa dh vk;dj NwV lhek dks 1 yk[k 80 gtkj #i;s ls c<+kdj 2 yk[k #i;s fd;k x;kA çfr'kr dh vf/kdre vk; dj lhek LySc dks yk[k #i;s ls c<+kdj 10 yk[k #i;s fd;k x;kA v 20 ,d utj 8 v ldy dj çkfIr;ka vuqeku gSA djksM+ #i;s gksus dk v cpr cSad [kkrksa ij djnkrkvksa dks 10 gtkj #i;s rd ds C;kt ij NwV dk çLrkoA v o"kZ 2012&13 ds dqy O;; gsrq 14]90]925 djksM+ #i;s dh ctVh; O;oLFkk,aA v fuokjd fpfdRlk tkap ds fy, dk çLrkoA 10]77]612 Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 5 gtkj #i;s rd dh NwV 95 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 2. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v ftu ofj"B ukxfjdksa dh dkjksckj ls dksbZ vk; ugha gS] mUgsa vfxze dj Hkqxrku ls NwV dk çLrkoA v udn lqiqnxhZ ysu&nsuksa ij çfrHkwfr ysu&nsu dj esa çfr'kr rd deh dk çLrkoA xfr dh jsyxkfM+;ksa ds fy, ykbuksa ds uohuhdj.k esa vko';d midj.kksa ij cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd dks ?kVkus dk çLrkoA 20 v v udkjkRed lwph okyh 17 lsokvksa dks NksMdj lHkh lsokvksa + ij dj dk çLrkoA v lsok dj fu;eksa dks ?kVkdj djhc tkukA v dsUæh; mRikn 'kqYd vkSj lsok dj ds fy, ,d gh ljy iathdj.k QkeZ vkSj lk>k fooj.khA v lsok dj fooknksa ds fuiVkjs ds fy, la'kksf/kr vkosnu çkf/ kdj.k vkSj fuiVku vk;ksx dh 'kq:vkr dk çLrkoA v dsUæh; mRikn 'kqYd vkSj lsok dj ds fy, leku dj lfgark dh laHkkouk ds fy, v/;;u ny dk xBuA v jktdks"kh; lq/kkj ds rgr mRikn 'kqYd dh ekud nj dqN fj;k;rksa ds lkFk 10 çfr'kr ls c<+kdj 12 çfr'kr] esfjV nj 5 ls 6 çfr'kr vkSj fuEu esfjV nj c<+kdj 1 ls 2 çfr'kr dh xbZA v bLikr] oL= m|ksx] czkaMsM jsfMesM diM+ksa] de ykxr okys fpfdRlk midj.kksa] ty mi;ksx dh oLrq,a rS;kj djus okys Je ç/kku v/kZ;kaf=d m|ksxksa tSls fn;klykbZ vkfn dks jkgr dk çLrkoA v Ng thou j{kd fof'k"V vkS"kf/k;ksa rFkk Vhdksa ls mRikn 'kqYd iwjh rjg [kRe djus rFkk cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd ij 5 çfr'kr dh fj;k;r ds foLrkj dk çLrkoA v efgykvksa vkSj cPpksa esa çksVhu dh deh dks nwj djus ds fy, lks;k mRiknksa ij cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd vkSj mRikn 'kqYd ?kVk;k x;kA v vk;ksMhu ij cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd vkSj mRikn 'kqYd ?kVk;k x;kA v fctyh cpkus okys midj.kksa dh [kir dks çksRlkfgr djus vkSj lkSj rki ifj;kstukvksa ds fy, vko';d la;a= vkSj midj.kksa ds fy, fj;k;rksa ,oa NwV dk çLrkoA v lksuk ,oa vU; egaxh /kkrqvksa ds vk;kr ij lhek 'kqYd c<+kus dk çLrkoA v gkFk ls cuh chM+h] dqN lhxjsVksa] iku elkyk] pckus okys rEckdw] dPpk rEckdw rFkk tnkZ ,oa lqxaf/kr rEckdw tSlh cqjh oLrqvksa ij mRikn 'kqYd c<+kus ds çLrkoA csfglkch /ku l`tu vkSj mlds bLrseky dks jksdus ds fy, çLrkfor mik;A v lM+d fuekZ.k ds fy, vko';d fo'ks"k midj.kksa] lqjax [kksnus okyh e'khuksa ,oa muds iqtksaZ dks vk;kr 'kqYd ls iwjh NwVA 40 çfr'kr fd;k v cM+h dkjksa ds mRikn 'kqYd dks Hkh c<+k;s tkus dk çLrkoA v xSj —f"k mRiknksa ds fy, lhek 'kqYd dh 'kh"kZ nj çfr'kr esa ifjorZu dk dksbZ çLrko ughaA v moZjd ifj;kstukvksa dh LFkkiuk rFkk foLrkj ds fy, midj.kksa ds vk;kr ij cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd ls iw.kZ NwVA v fo|qr mRiknu ds fy, dqN bZ/kuksa dks cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd a ls iw.kZ NwVA v NksVs lhesV la;a=ksa }kjk mRikfnr cksjh can lheVksa ij a mRikn 'kqYd dks ;qfälaxr cuk;k tk,xkA v dks;yk [kuu ifj;kstuk vk;kr gsrq cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd ls iw.kZ NwVA v v jsyos lqj{kk vkSj psrkouh ç.kkyh dh LFkkiuk rFkk rhoz dherh /kkrqvksa ds czkaMsM vkHkw"k.k ij yxk;k tkus okyk 1 çfr'kr dk mRikn 'kqYd xSj&czkaMsM vkHkw"k.kksa ij Hkh yxk;k tk,xkA 10 Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 96 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 3. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v v okf.kfT;d okguksa ds ckWMh fuekZ.k gsrq psfll ij fefJr nj dh ctk, ewY; nj ij mRikn 'kqYd yxk;k tk,xkA v o"kZ 2012&13 ds nkSjku dsUæh; lfClfM;ksa dks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ds 2 çfr'kr ds uhps j[kus dk y{;A vxys rhu o"kksaZ ds nkSjku bUgsa 1A75 çfr'kr rd uhps yk;k tkuk gSA ;kstuk dks 2012&13 es Hkh tkjh j[kk tk,xkA le; ij _.k pqdkus okys fdlkuksa ds fy, 3 çfr'kr dh vfrfjä vkfFkZd jkgr miyC/k gksxhA fdlku ØsfMV dkMZ dks LekVZdkMZ cuk;k tk,xk] rkfd bldk ,Vh,e }kjk mi;ksx fd;k tk ldsA pkanh ds czkaMsM vkHkw"k.kksa ls mRikn 'kqYd [kRe fd;k x;kA v v v Rofjr flapkbZ lqfo/kk dk;ZØe ¼,vkbZchih½ ds fy, o"kZ 2012&13 esa vkoaVu 13 çfr'kr c<+kdj 14 gtkj 242 djksM+ #i;s fd;k x;kA o"kZ 2012&13 ds ctV vuqekuksa esa vuqlwfpr tkfr mi&vk;kstuk gsrq 37 gtkj 113 djksM+ #i;s dk çLrko gS] tks fd 2011&12 ds ctV vuqeku dh rqyuk esa 18 çfr'kr vf/kd gSA v lM+d laidZ esa lq/kkj gsrq ih,eth,lokbZ ds fy, vkoaVu 20 çfr'kr c<+kdj 24 gtkj djksM+ #i;s fd;k x;kA v o"kZ 2012&13 ds ctV vuqeku esa vuqlwfpr tutkrh; mi&vk;kstuk gsrq 21 gtkj 710 djksM+ #i;s ds vkoaVu dk çLrko gS] tks fd 2011&12 ds ctV vuqeku dh rqyuk esa 17A6 çfr'kr vf/kd gSA fiNM+k {ks= vuqnku fuf/k ;kstuk o"kZ 2011&12 ds ctV vuqeku dh rqyuk esa 22 çfr'kr dh o`f) ds lkFk 2012&13 ds ctV vuqeku esa 12]040 djksM+ #i;s ds lkFk ckjgoha ;kstuk esa pyrh jgsxhA v xzkeh.k volajpuk fodkl fuf/k ds varxZr vkoaVu c<+kdj 20 gtkj djksM+ #i;s fd;k x;kA HkaMkj.k lqfo/kkvksa ds fuekZ.k gsrq 5 gtkj djksM+ #i;s vyx ls j[ks x,A v f'k{kk dk vf/kdkj vkSj loZ f'k{kk vfHk;ku gsrq 2012&13 ds ctV vuqeku esa 25]555 djksM+ #i;s ds vkoaVu dk çLrko gS] tks fd 2011&12 dh rqyuk esa 21.7 çfr'kr vf/kd gSA v —f"k rFkk lgdkfjrk foHkkx ds fy, vk;kstuk ifjO;; esa 18 çfr'kr rd dh c<+ksrjh dh xbZA v jk"Vªh; —f"k fodkl ;kstuk ds fy, ifjO;; dks 17 çfr'kr ls vf/kd c<+kdj 9 gtkj 217 djksM+ #i;s dj fn;k x;kA v iwoksZÙkj Hkkjr esa gfjrØkfUr ykus dh igy ds ifj.kkeLo:i /kku ds mRiknu rFkk mRikndrk esa c<+ksrjh gqbZA bl ;kstuk ds vkoaVu dks] tks 2011&12 esa 400 djksM+ #i;s Fkk 2012&13 esa c<+ksrjh djds 1]000 djksM+ #i;s dj fn;k x;kA v v v v 12oha ;kstuk esa ekWMy Ldwyksa ds :i esa CykWd Lrj ij gtkj Ldwyksa dh LFkkiuk dk çLrko gSA 6 v jk"Vªh; —f"k fodkl ;kstuk ds varxZr fonHkZ l?ku flapkbZ fodkl dk;ZØe ds fy, 300 djksM+ #i;s dk çLrkoA jk"Vªh; ek/;fed f'k{kk vfHk;ku gsrq 3]124 djksM+ #i;s miyC/k djk, x, gSa] tks fd 2011&12 ds ctV vuqeku dh rqyuk esa 29 çfr'kr vf/kd gSA v —f"k _.k y{; dks 1 yk[k djksM+ #i;s c<+kdj 2012&13 ds fy, 5 yk[k 75 gtkj djksM+ #i;s dj fn;k x;kA Nk=ksa dks csgrj _.k çokg lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, ,d _.k xkjaVh fuf/k LFkkfir djus dk çLrko gSA v ekStwnk Vhdk bdkb;ksa dk vk/kqfudhdj.k fd;k tk,xkA psUubZ ds ikl ,d ubZ ,dh—r Vhdk bdkbZ yxkus dk çLrkoA fdlkuks a dks çfr o"kZ 7 çfrf'kr C;kt nj ij vYikof/k Qly _.kksa ds fy, C;kt vkfFkZd lgk;rk Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 97 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 4. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k LokLF; fe'ku ds fy, vkoaVu 2011&12 ds 18]115 djksM+ #i;s ls c<+kdj 2012&13 esa 20]822 djksM+ #i;s fd;k tkuk çLrkforA v jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k vkthfodk fe'ku gsrq vkoaVu esa 34 çfr'kr c<+ksrjh djds 3]915 djksM+ #i;s fd;k x;kA v cSad _.k dks vklku cukuk] ^efgykvksa dh ,l,pth dh fodkl fuf/k* gsrq vk/kkjHkwr fuf/k dks c<+kukA vkfFkZd leh{kk 2011&12 foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ }kjk yksdlHkk esa is'k: ,d utj v vkthfodk ;kstuk ds tfj, Hkkjr fyoyhgqM QkmaMs'ku LFkkfir djus dk çLrkoA v ç/kkuea=h ds jkstxkj l`tu dk;ZØe ds vkoaVu es2012&13 a esa 23 çfr'kr dh c<+ksrjh djds 1]276 djksM+ #i;s djukA v jk"Vªh; dkS'ky fodkl fuf/k gsrq 2012&13 esa 1]000 djksM+ #i;s dk vkoaVu fd;k x;kA v dkS'ky fodkl gsrq laLFkkxr _.k çokg c<+kus ds fy, ,d vyx _.k xkjaVh fuf/k dh LFkkiuk dk çLrkoA vkfFkZd leh{kk 2011&12 esa Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk esa 6A9 çfr'kr o`f) dk vuqeku fd;k x;kA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us yksdlHkk esa 15 ekpZ 2012 dks vkfFkZd leh{kk 2011&12 is'k fd;kA vkfFkZd leh{kk 2011&12 esa o"kZ 2012&13 esa ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa 7.6 çfr'kr vkSj o"kZ 2013&14 esa 8A6 çfr'kr o`f) dk vuqeku yxk;k x;kA —f"k vkSj lacaf/kr {ks=ksa esa 250.42 fefy;u Vu ls Hkh vf/kd [kkíku mRiknu ds lkFk o"kZ 2011&12 esa 2.5 çfr'kr dh o`f) nj dk vuqeku gSA ukxkySaM] >kj[kaM esa cqudj lsok dsUæksa dh LFkkiuk vkSj egkjk"Vª esa ikojywe ds cM+s lewg dh LFkkiuk ds fy, 3]884 djksM+ :i;s ds foÙkh; iSdst dk çLrkoA v iwoksZÙkj {ks= esa ft;ks&VSDlVkby ds fy, dh ik;ysV ;kstukvksa dk çko/kkuA vkfFkZd leh{kk 2011&12 % 500 djksM+ :i;s ,d utj v chih,y ykHkkfFkZ;ksa gsrq py jgh bafnjk xka/kh jk"Vªh; fo/kok isa'ku Ldhe rFkk bafnjk xka/kh jk"Vªh; fu:'kä isa'ku Ldhe esa isa'ku jkf'k 200 #i;s ls c<+kdj 300 #i;s çfr ekg dh xbZA v Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk dk fodkl nj 6.9 çfr'kr jgus dk vuqekuA ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa o"kZ 2012&13 esa 7.6 çfr'kr vkSj o"kZ 2013&14 esa 8A6 çfr'kr dh o`f) dh laHkkoukA v chih,y ifjokj ds 18 ls 64 o"kZ vk;q oxZ ds çeq[k lnL; dh e`R;q ij fn;k tkus okyk ,d eq'r vuqnku nqxquk djds 20 gtkj #i;s fd;k x;kA v —f"k vkSj lacaf/kr {ks=ksa esa vuqekuA v lsok {ks= esa v ;wvkbZMh&vk/kkj esa 40 djksM+ vkSj vf/kd yksxksa ds ukekadu ds fy, i;kZIr /ku miyC/k djk;k tk;sxkA v vkfFkZd olwyh esa lq/kkj tkjh jgus ds lkFk vkS|ksfxd o`f) nj pkj ls ikap çfr'kr rd jgus dh mEehnA v dsUæh; l'kL= iqfyl cyksa ds fy, yxHkx 4]000 vkoklh; bdkb;ksa ds fuekZ.k gsrq 1]185 djksM+ #i;s vkoafVr fd;s tkus dk çLrkoA v Fkksd ewY; lwpdkad [kk| eqækLQhfr tuojh 2012 esa ek= 1.6 çfr'kr jg xbZA ;g Qjojh 2010 esa 20.2 çfr'kr FkhA v gFkdj?kk cqudjksa ds _.kksa dks ekQ djus vkSj mudh lgdkjh lfefr;ksa dh LFkkiuk djus] vka/kz çns'k vkSj >kj[kaM esa cM+s gFkdj?kk lewg dh LFkkiuk djuk] fetksje] v Hkkjr fo'o dh lcls rst xfr ls c<+us okyh vFkZO;oLFkkvksa esa cuk gqvk gSA ns'k dk jktdks"kh; _.k jsfVax 2007&12 esa 2A98 çfr'kr c<+kA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 9.4 2.5 çfr'kr dh o`f) dk çfr'kr rd dh o`f) dk vuqekuA 98 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 5. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 ds iwokZnZ~/k esa fu;kZr 40A5 çfr'kr dh nj ls vkSj vk;kr 30A4 çfr'kr dh nj ls c<+A s v U;wure fdjk;s vkSj IysVQkeZ fVdV dh dher ikap #i, djus dk çLrkoA v foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 esa lkekftd lsokvksa ij dsUæh; O;; dks c<+kdj 18A5 çfr'kr fd;k tkuk gS] tks o"kZ 2006&07 esa 13.4 çfr'kr FkkA v bZ&fVdV ds fy, ;k=h ds eksckby Qksu ij ,l,e,l dks oS/k vkj{k.k ds çek.k ds :i esa Lohdkj djukA v ;kf=;ksa dks ,l,e,l] baVjusV vkfn ds ek/;e ls Vªsu jfuax dh lwpuk nsus ds fy, lSVsykbV vk/kkfjr fj;y Vkbe Vªsu bUQkes'ku flLVe ¼fleju½ 'kq: djukA Z v fdQk;rh njksa ij {ks=h; Hkkstu dh 'kq:vkr vkSj ,l,e,l ;k bZ&esy ds ek/;e ls Hkkstu ds vf/kd fodYi eqgS;k djkus ds fy, cqd&,&ehy ;kstuk 'kq: djukA v foÙk o"kZ 2010&11 esa eujsxk ds v/khu ifjokjksa dks yk;k x;kA jsy ctV 5.49 djksM+ 2012&13 jsy ea=h fnus'k f=osnh }kjk yksdlHkk esa is'k% ,d utj dsæh; jsy ea=h fnus'k f=osnh us 14 ekpZ 2012 dks yksdlHkk a esa jsy ctV 2012&13 is'k fd;kA jsy ctV 2012&13 esa 60100 djksM+ #i, ds okf"kZd ;kstuk dk y{; j[kk x;kA jsy ctV 2012&13 dh okf"kZd ;kstuk ds foÙk iks"k.k ds fy, 24000 djksM+ #i, dh ctVh; lgk;rk] 2000 djksM+ #i, dh jsy laj{kk fuf/k] 18050 djksM+ #i, dh vkarfjd lalk/ku vkSj 16050 djksM+ #i, dh vfrfjä ctVh; lalk/kuksa] ftlesa Hkkjrh; jsy foÙk fuxe ds ek/;e ls 15000 djksM+ #i, dk cktkj _.k 'kkfey fd;k x;kA v 75 ubZ jsyxkfM+;ka 'kq: djus dk çLrkoA ubZ iSlsatj xkfM+;ka] 9 Msew xkfM+;ka vkSj 8 esew xkfM+;ka 'kq: djus dh ?kks"k.kkA v 21 v 39 jsyxkfM+;ksa ds foLrkj dh ;kstukA v 23 jsyxkfM+;ksa ds Qsjksa esa o`f) dh ;kstukA v eqEcbZ miuxj esa v psUuS {ks= esa 18 vfrfjä xkfM+;ksa ds ifjpkyu dh ?kks"k.kkA v dksydkrk {ks= esa çLrkoA djksM+ #i, dk vc rd ds Hkkjrh; jsy ctV bfrgkl dk lcls vf/kd ;kstuk ifjO;;A v o"kZ 2012&13 esa dksydkrk esVªks esa 50 ubZ xkfM+;ka tksM+us dh ;kstukA miuxjh; vkSj lk/kkj.k f}rh; Js.kh ds ;k=h fdjk;s esa 2 iSlk çfrfdyksehVj] esy/,Dlçsl f}rh; Js.kh esa 3 iSls çfrfdyksehVj] 'k;u;ku Js.kh esa 5 iSls çfrfdyksehVj] okrkuqdfw yr ps;j dkj] okrkuqdfw yr&3 vkSj çFke Js.kh esa 10 iSls çfrfdyksehVj] okrkuqdfw yr&2 esa 15 iSls çfrfdyksehVj rFkk okrkuqdfw yr&1 Js.kh esa 30 iSls çfrfdyksehVj dh o`f) dk çLrkoA v jsy lqj{kk cy/jktdh; jsyos iqfyl }kjk dk ekxZj{k.kA v jsyos lqj{kk cy gsYiykbu dks vf[ky Hkkjrh; iSlsatj gsYiykbu esa lekfgr djukA v ,IykfLVd vuSfe;k vkSj fldy lSy vuSfe;k ls ihfM+r jksfx;ksa ds fy, okrkuqdfw yr 2] okrkuqdfw yr 3] ps;j dkj vkSj 'k;u;ku Js.kh ds fdjk;s esa 50 çfr'kr fj;k;rA ;k=h fdjk;s dks vxys fudVre ikap #i, esa iw.kkaZfdr fd, tkus dk çLrkoA v vtqZu iqjLdkj fotsrkvksa dks jkt/kkuh vkSj 'krkCnh xkfM+;ksa esa ;k=k djus dh lqfo/kkA jsy ctV 2012&13 % ,d utj v 60100 v v Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 75 44 vfrfjä xkfM+;ka pykus dh ?kks"k.kkA ubZ miuxjh; xkfM+;ka pykus dk 3500 xkfM+;ksa 99 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 6. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v jsy [ksy jRu iqjLdkj dh 'kq:vkr dk çLrko] tks çfro"kZ 10 f[kykfM+;ksa dks fn;k tk,xkA v 1000 v o"kZ 2012&13 esa lHkh 202 fpfUgr LVs'kuksa ij baVhxzsfVM lqj{kk ç.kkyh laLFkkfir djus dk dk;Z iw.kZ djus dk y{;A v 2500 v v bTtr ;kstuk ds varxZr ;k=k nwjh 100 fdyksehVj ls c<+kdj 150 fdyksehVj djus dh ?kks"k.kkA o"kZ esa 725 fdyksehVj ubZ jsyykbusa fcNkus] 700 fdyksehVj dk nksgjhdj.k] 800 fdyksehVj dk vkeku ifjorZu vkSj 1100 fdyksehVj dk fo|qrhdj.k djus dk y{;A pkSdhnkj okys leikj QkVdksa ij lkSj ç.kkyh vk/kkfjr çdk'k O;oLFkkA v vka/kz çns'k] dukZVd] dsjy] rfeyukMq vkSj if'pe caxky esa 72 esxkokV {kerk okys foaM fey IykaVksa dh LFkkiukA v jk;cjsyh lokjh fMCck dkj[kkus ds nwljs pj.k dh 'kq:vkr o"kZ 2012&13 esa djus dh ?kks"k.kkA v vksfM'kk ds xate ftys esa lhrkiyh esa ,d eky fMCck dkj[kkuk LFkkfir djukA v iky?kkV esa dsjy ljdkj ds lg;ksx ls ,d jsy lokjh fMCck dkj[kkuk LFkkfir djukA xqtjkr ljdkj ds lg;ksx ls dPN {ks= esa vkSj dukZVd ljdkj ds lg;ksx ls dksykj esa lokjh fMCcksa ds fy, nks vfrfjä ubZ fuekZ.k bdkb;ksa dh LFkkiukA v if'pe caxky ds ';ke uxj esa mPp 'kfäokys fo|qr batuksa esa ç;ksx ds fy, vxyh ih<+h dh çkS|ksfxdh okys çksiY'ku flLVe ds fuekZ.k ds fy, QSDVªh dh LFkkiukA v dkdksMdj lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa ds vuqlj.k esa ,d fu;ked fudk; ds :i esa jsyos laj{kk çkf/kdj.k dh LFkkiukA v vk/kqfudhdj.k ds dk;ZØeksa dks dk;kZfUor djus ds fy, lSe fi=ksnk lfefr }kjk vuq'kaflr fe'kuksa dh LFkkiuk djukA v jsyos VSfjQ fu;ked çkf/kdj.k dh LFkkiuk ds fy, fopkj fd, tkus dh ;kstukA v vkink çca/ku gsrq dkS'ky fodkl djus ds fy, csaxyw#] [kM+xiqj vkSj y[kuÅ esa rhu laj{kk foystksa dh LFkkiuk djukA v lkoZtfud&futh Hkkxhnkjh ls LVs'kuksa ds iqufoZdkl ds fy, bafM;k jsyos MsoyiesV dkWiksZjs'ku dh LFkkfir djukA a 2012&13 v o"kZ 2012&13 esa çLrkfor 84 LVs'kuksa lfgr LVs'kuksa dk vkn'kZ LVs'kuksa ds :i esa mUu;uA v vxys gkYV LVs'ku vkSj vkxeu ds laHkkfor le; dh lwpuk miyC/k djkus ds fy, vkWu cksMZ iSlsatj fMLiys ç.kkyh 'kq: djukA 929 v egRoiw.kZ LVs'kuksa ij 321 ,LdsysVj yxkuk] ftuesa ls o"kZ 2012&13 esa 50 ,LdsysVj 'kq: djukA v flDdk/djalh pkfyr fVdV oSafMax e'khuksa dks 'kq: djukA v jkt/kkuh] 'krkCnh vkSj nqjkarks xkfM+;ksa esa vkWu cksMZ jsy ca/kq eSxthu 'kq: djukA v egRoiw.kZ LVs'kuksa ij ,lh ,DthD;wfVo ykÅat dh LFkkiukA v cafde pUæ pêksik/;k; dh 175oha t;arh ds miy{; esa muds tUe LFky uSgkVh esa u;k dksfpax VfeZuy cuk, tkus dh ?kks"k.kkA v mÙkjh caxky ds lqUnj ouksa ls gksdj xqtjus okyh xzhu Vªsu pykus dk çLrkoA v nwj&njkt {ks=ksa esa fLFkr 200 jsyos LVs'kuksa dh gfjr ÅtkZ LVs'kuksa ds :i esa LFkkiuk] tks iw.kZ:i ls lkSj ÅtkZ ij fuHkZj gksaxsA lokjh fMCcksa esa ckW;ks&VkW;ysV cukukA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 100 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 7. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v ekStwnk jsyos eky 'kSMksa vkSj eYVh ekWMy ykWftfLVDl ikdksaZ ds fodkl vkSj çca/ku ds fy, ykWftfLVDl dkWiksZjs'ku dh LFkkiuk djukA v N=ifrf'kokth VfeZuy vkSj dY;k.k ds chp xfy;kjs ds fy, iw.kZ O;ogk;Zrk losZ{k.k djukA v mPp j¶rkj okys N: xfy;kjksa ds fy, iwoZ O;ogk;Zrk v/;;u iwj k dj fy;k x;kA o"kZ 2012& 13 es a fnYyh&t;iqj&vtesj&tks/kiqj [kaM ds laca/k esa v/;;u fd;k tkukA v vxjryk dks ckaXykns'k ds v[kkSjk ls tksMus okyh ifj;kstuk + dks o"kZ 2012&13 esa 'kq: djukA v o"kZ 2012&13 esa 1025 fefy;u Vu ds eky ynku dk vuqeku] tksfd o"kZ 2011&12 dh rqyuk esa 55 fefy;u Vu vf/kd gSA v o"kZ 2012&13 esa ;kf=;ksa esa 5A4 çfr'kr o`f) dk vuqekuA v vuqlwfpr tkfr/tutkfr vkSj vU; fiNM+k oxZ ds cSdykWx dks lekIr djus lfgr o"kZ 2012&13 esa ,d yk[k ls vf/kd yksxksa dh jsyos esa HkrhZ djus dk çLrkoA v o"kZ 2011&12 esa 80 gtkj ls vf/kd yksxksa dh Hkkjrh; jsyos esa HkrhZ gqbZA v jsyos deZpkfj;ksa ds fy, muds dk;ZLFkyksa ij lEiw.kZ LokLF; dk;ZØe 'kq: djukA v jfuax Øw lfgr dq'ky vkSj rduhdh deZpkfj;ksa ds foJke ds fy, i;kZIr lqfo/kk lqfuf'pr djukA xaxk unh ds çnw"k.k dks de djus gsrq jk"Vªh; xaxk unh csflu çkf/kdj.k dks fo'o cSad dh lgk;rk vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr us xaxk unh dks lkQ djus dh ifj;kstuk dks eatwjh çnku dhA jk"Vªh; xaxk unh csflu çkf/kdj.k ¼National Ganga River Basin Authority] ,uthvkjch,½ }kjk ykxw dh tkus okyh bl ifj;kstuk ij 7000 djksM+ #i, dk [kpZ vkus dk vuqeku gSA ftlesa ls 5100 djksM+ :i, dsUæ dks rFkk 'ks"k 1900 djksM+ #i, mÙkjk[kaM] mÙkjçns'k] fcgkj] >kj[kaM vkSj if'pe caxky ljdkjksa dks nsuk gSA fo'o cSad jk"Vªh; xaxk unh csflu çkf/ kdj.k ¼ National Ganga River Basin Authority ] ,uthvkjch,½ ifj;kstuk ds fy, djhc 4500 djksM+ #i, dk _.k nsus ij fl)kUr :i ls lger gks x;k gS] tks dsUæ }kjk nh tkus okyh jkf'k dk fgLlk gksxkA ifj;kstuk dh vof/k vkB o"kZ gSA fofnr gks fd jk"Vªh; xaxk unh csflu çkf/kdj.k ¼National Ganga River Basin Authority½ dk xBu i;kZoj.k ¼laj{k.k½ dkuwu 1986 ds rgr xaxk unh ds fy, ;kstuk] foÙk] fuxjkuh vkSj fu;ked ds ,d l'kä çkf/kdj.k ds :i esa Qjojh 2009 esa gqvk FkkA ç/kkuea=h dh v/;{krk okys bl çkf/kdj.k dk mís'; xaxk unh ds laj{k.k dks lqfuf'pr djuk vkSj unh ?kkVh tqM+ko dks viuk dj i;kZoj.kh; çokg dks O;kid ;kstuk vkSj çca/ku }kjk cuk, j[kuk gSA Hkkjr esa çFke ckj jk"Vªh; Lrj ij miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad tkjh] tuojh esa egaxkbZ nj 7A65 çfr'kr dsæ ljdkj us Hkkjr esa çFke ckj jk"Vªh; Lrj ij [kqnjk a dher vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ ds vkadM+s 21 Qjojh 2012 dks tkjh fd,A [kqnjk dher vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ ¼miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad] Consumer price inflation] lhihvkb½ ds vuqlkj tuojh 2012 esa egaxkbZ nj 7A65 çfr'kr jgh] tcfd Fkksd ewY; lwpdkad vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ dh nj 6A55 çfr'kr FkhA [kqnjk dher vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ lkaf[;dh o dk;ZØe fØ;kUo;u ea=ky; }kjk tkjh fd;k x;kA lkaf[;dh o dk;ZØe fØ;kUo;u ea=ky; }kjk Hkkjr ds yxHkx 600 ftyksa ds 310 'kgjh dsæksa vkSj 1181 xkaoksa ls a fofHkUu mRiknksa dh [kqnjk dherksa dks tqVk;k x;kA 'kgjksa ds 1114 cktkjksa ls dhersa tqVkbZ xbZA blds vk/kkj ij [kqnjk dher Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 101 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 8. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ ¼miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad] inflation] lhihvkb½ rS;kj fd;k x;kA Consumer price miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad ds vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj Hkkjr ds xkao esa vukt o nw/k 'kgj ls egaxs gSaA lkFk gh xzkeh.k turk eksVs vuktksa ds fy, 'kgjksa dh rqyuk esa pkj xquk T;knk dher vnk djrh gSaA tuojh 2012 esa xzkeh.k bykdksa esa vuktksa dh [kqnjk dherksa esa 3.44 çfr'kr dh o`f) gqbZ] tcfd 'kgjksa esa ;g o`f) egt 0-79 çfr'kr dh jghA blh rjg xzkeh.k {ks= esa nky] vaMk] nw/k] phuh] bZ/ku oxSjg esa egaxkbZ 'kgjksa ds eqdkcys T;knk jghA a rsy] diM+] twrs] lfCt;ksa esa 'kgjksa esa T;knk egaxkbZ jghA s [kqnjk dher vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ ¼miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad] Consumer price inflation] lhihvkb½ dh nj tuojh] 2012 esa 7A65 çfr'kr jghA 'kgjksa esa lhihvkb vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ dh nj 8A25 vkSj xzkeh.k bykdksa esa 7A38 Qhlnh jghA tuojh 2012 esa jkT; Lrj ij es?kky; lcls egaxk jkT; jgkA nwljs LFkku ij dukZVd vkSj rhljs LFkku ij dsjy jgkA miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad ¼Consumer price inflation½ cuke Fkksd ewY; lwpdkad ¼wholesale price inflation½% fo'o ds vf/kdrj ns'kksa esa [kqnjk ewY; lwpdkad ¼miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad½ dks gh vk/kkj ekuk tkrk gSA Hkkjr esa ykxw ekStwnk Fkksd ewY; lwpdkad esa [kk| mRiknksa dk fgLlk egt 14.3 çfr'kr gSA tcfd] miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad esa budh fgLlsnkjh 45 Qhlnh ls T;knk gSA lkFk gh Fkksd ewY; lwpdkad esa LokLF;] f'k{kk tSls dbZ lsok {ks= 'kkfey ugha gSa] tcfd bu ij vke turk dkQh [kpZ djrh gSA miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad esa lsokvksa dks Hkh egRoiw.kZ LFkku fn;k x;k gSA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk cSad nj lk<+s rhu çfr'kr c<+kdj 9.5 çfr'kr Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us cSad nj dks lk<+s rhu çfr'kr c<+kdj 9A5 çfr'kr dj fn;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk ;g fu.kZ; 14 Qjojh 2012 dks fy;k x;k vkSj bls rRdky çHkko ls ykxw fd;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us viuh vf/klwpuk esa crk;k fd cSad nj esa cnyko dks ekSfæd uhfr esa cnyko ds ctk; udnh dh lhekar LFkkbZ lqfo/kk ¼marginal standing facility½ nj ds vuqdy cukus ds fy, ,d ckj esa fd, x, rduhdh lek;kstu w ds rkSj ij ns[kk vkSj le>k tkuk pkfg,A lhekar LFkkbZ lqfo/kk ¼marginal standing facility½ og LFkk;h lqfo/kk gS ftl ij Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad vU; cSadksa dks udnh dh deh iwjk djus ds fy, vfrfjä :i ls nsrk gSA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us vçSy 2003 ls cSad nj fLFkj j[kh FkhA cSad nj dk egRo ekSfæd uhfr ds mik; ds rkSj ij [kRe gks x;k gS] D;ksafd vc jsiks nj dks gh eq[; uhfrxr C;kt nj cuk fn;k x;k gSA fjolZ jsiks vkSj ,e,l,Q vc bl nj ls Øe'k% ,d çfr'kr de vkSj ,d çfr'kr Åij j[ks tkrs gSaA cSad nj% ;g og nj gS] ftl ij Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad vU; cSadksa dks yacs le; dk okf.kfT;d dtZ nsrk gSA igys blh ds vk/ kkj ij cSadksa dh C;kt nj r; gksrh FkhA vc blds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad jsiks nj dk bLrseky djrk gSA cSad Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad ls de vof/k ¼elyu dqN ?kaVs ls 15 fnu½ ds fy, jsiks jsV ij gh dtZ ysrs gSaA vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr us O;kid eysfj;k fu;a=.k ifj;kstuk&II dks eatwjh nh vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr us lkr iwoksZÙkj jkT;ksa ds fy, O;kid eysfj;k fu;=a.k ifj;kstuk dks eatwjh çnku dhA ;g eatwjh 28 vçSy 2011 dks nh xbZA bl ifj;kstuk dk mís'; iwoksZÙkj jkT;ksa esa eysfj;k ij dkjxj <ax ls dkcw ikuk gSA O;kid eysfj;k fu;=a.k ifj;kstuk esa vkus okys jkT;ksa esa flfDde 'kkfey ugha gSA bl ifj;kstuk dks jk"Vªh; osDVj tfur jksx fu;a=.k dk;ZØe ds rgr pyk;k tkuk gSA 87A88 fefy;u vesfjdh MkWyj ¼417A22 djksM #i,½ dh vuqekfur ykxr okyh O;kid eysfj;k fu;a=.k ifj;kstuk&II dks ,M~l] risfnd vkSj eysfj;k ds fy, oSf'od dks"k ¼th,Q,Vh,e& jkmaM 9½ ls vkfFkZd lgk;rk feysxhA ;g eatwjh iwoZ dh oSf'od dks"k lefFkZr O;kid eysfj;k fu;a=.k dk;ZØe ifj;kstuk dks tkjh j[kus ds lkFk la'kksf/kr Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 102 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 9. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books HkkSxksfyd dsUæ mPp çkarh; lkr iwoksZÙkj jkT;ksa esa eysfj;k ds fu;a=.k dks xfr nsus ij xkSj djrh gSA çLrko ds eq[; ?kVd gSa ¼1½ ekuo lalk/ku fodkl ¼2½ lkefxz;ksa vkSj nokvksa dh vf/kçkfIr vkSj forj.k ¼3½ lwpuk] f'k{kk vkSj lapkj ¼vkbZblh½ O;ogkj cnyko lapkj ¼chlhlh½ Z fØ;kdyki vkSj ¼4½ ;kstuk] fuxjkuh vkSj ewY;kaduA ifj;kstuk dh vof/k 2015 gSA 01 vDVwcj 2010 ls 30 flrEcj ;kstuk vk;ksx }kjk jk"Vªh; uewuk losZ{k.k 2009&10 esa Hkkjr esa xjhch dk vuqikr 29A8 çfr'kr jk"Vªh; uewuk losZ{k.k 2009&10 esa Hkkjr esa xjhch dk vuqikr ?kVdj 29A8 çfr'kr gks x;kA tcfd o"kZ 2004&05 esa ;g vuqikr 37A2 çfr'kr FkkA ;kstuk vk;ksx us ;g fjiksVZ ubZ fnYyh esa 19 ekpZ 2012 dks tkjh dhA foÙko"kZ 2009&10 esa ns'k esa xjhcksa dh dqy la[;k 37A47 djksM+ gks xbZA tks o"kZ 2004&05 esa 40A72 djksM+ FkhA fjiksVZ esa o"kZ 2004&05 ls o"kZ 2009&10 ds chp 'kgjh bykdksa ds eqdkcys xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr vf/kd rsth ls ?kVkA lkFk gh xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr 8 çfr'kr ?kVdj 41A8 çfr'kr dh txg 33A8 çfr'kr ij vkSj 'kgjh bykdksa esa xjhch 4A8 çfr'kr ?kVdj 20A9 çfr'kr ij vk xbZ] tks o"kZ 2004&05 esa 25A7 çfr'kr FkhA fgekpy çns'k] e/; çns'k] egkjk"Vª] vksfM'kk] flfDde] rfeyukMq] dukZVd vkSj mÙkjk[kaM esa xjhcksa dk vuqikr 10 çfr'kr ls Hkh vf/kd fxjkA bl nkSjku iwoksZÙkj jkT;ksa&vle] es?kky;] ef.kiqj] fetksje vkSj ukxkySaM esa xjhch c<+hA fcgkj] NÙkhlx<+ vkSj mÙkj çns'k tSls vis{kk—r cM+s jkT;ksa esa xjhch ds vuqikr] fo'ks"k rkSj ij xzkeh.k bykdksa esa xjhch esa deh rks vkbZ gS ij ;g cgqr gh de gSA ;kstuk vk;ksx dk xjhch dk vuqeku rsanqydj lfefr }kjk lq>kbZ xbZ if)fr ij vk/kkfjr gS] ftlesa Hkkstu esa dSyksjh dh ek=k ds vykok ifjokjksa }kjk LokLF; vkSj f'k{kk ij fd;k tkus okys [kpZ Hkh xkSj fd;k x;k gSA /kkfeZd lewgksa ds vk/kkj ij dh xbZ x.kuk esa fl[k vkcknh esa xjhcksa dk vuqikr xzkeh.k bykdksa esa 11.9 çfr'kr jgkA xzkeh.k bykdksa esa fl[kksa esa vU; /kkfeZd lewgksa dh rqyuk esa xjhcks dk vuqikr lcls de gSA 'kgjh bykdksa esa blkb;ksa esa xjhcksa dk vuqikr 12A9 çfr'kr jgk tks 'kgjh bykdksa esa vU; /kkfeZd lewgksa dh rqyuk esa lcls de gSA xzkeh.k bykds esa eqlyekuksa esa xjhcksa dk vuqikr ftu jkT;ksa esa lcls vf/kd gS muesa vle ¼53.6 çfr'kr½] mÙkj çns'k ¼44.4 çfr'kr½] if'pe caxky ¼34.4 çfr'kr½ vkSj xqtjkr ¼31.4 çfr'kr½ 'kkfey gSaA 'kgjh bykdksa esa vf[ky Hkkjrh; Lrj ij eqlyekuksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr lcls vf/kd 33.9 çfr'kr gSA blh rjg 'kgjh bykdksa esa jktLFkku ¼29.5 çfr'kr½] mÙkj çns'k ¼49A5 çfr'kr½] xqtjkr ¼42.4 çfr'kr½] fcgkj ¼56.5 çfr'kr½ vkSj if'pe caxky ¼34.9 çfr'kr½ esa eqlyekuksa dh xjhch dk vuqikr mapk gSA lkekftd vk/kkj ij xzkeh.k bykdksa esa vuqlwfpr tutkfr;ksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr 47A4 çfr'kr] vuqlwfpr tutkfr 42A3 çfr'kr vkSj vU; fiNM+k oxZ esa xjhch dk vuqikr 31A9 çfr'kr gSA 'kgjh bykdksa esa vuqlwfpr tkfr dh vkcknh esa xjhch dk vuqikr 34A1 çfr'kr] vuqlwfpr tutkfr 30A4 çfr'kr rFkk vU; fiNM+k oxZ dh tkfr;ksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr 24A3 çfr'kr gSA fcgkj vkSj NÙkhlx<+ ds xzkeh.k bykdksa esa djhc nks frgkbZ vuqlwfpr tkfr vkSj vuqlwfpr tutkfr ds yksx xjhch dh js[kk ds uhps jg jgs gSA tcfd ef.kiqj] vksfM'kk vkSj mÙkj çns'k tSls jkT;ksa esa bu oxksaZ esa xjhch dk vuqikr 50 çfr'kr ls vf/kd gSA fcgkj ¼53.5 çfr'kr½ esa lcls vf/kd gSA ftlds ckn NÙkhlx<+ ¼48.7 çfr'kr½] ef.kiqj ¼47.1 çfr'kr½] >kj[kaM ¼39.1 çfr'kr½] vle ¼37.9 çfr'kr½ vkSj mÙkj çns'k ¼37.7 çfr'kr½ dk uacj gSA ns'k esa djhc vk/ks [ksrhgj etnwj xjhcksa dh Js.kh esa gSaA xzkeh.k bykdksa esa 40 çfr'kr vU; etnwj xjhch ds xrZ esa gSaA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 103 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 10. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books 'kgjh bykdksa esa vLFkkbZ etnwjksa esa 47.1 çfr'kr xjhc gSA fu;fer osru ikus okys dke ij yxs ;k osruHkksxh jkstxkj esa yxs yksxksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr lcls de gSA fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ds vuqlkj o"kZ 2001 esa lk{kjrk nj 64.8 çfr'kr ds eqdkcys o"kZ 2011 esa lk{kjrk nj 74 çfr'kr rd gks xbZA —f"k ds fygkt ls laiUu jkT; gfj;k.kk esa 55.9 çfr'kr [ksfrgj etnwj xjhc gSa tcfd iatkc esa [ksrhgj etnwjksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr 35.6 çfr'kr gSA Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ds vuqlkj f'k{kk o lk{kjrk dh fn'kk esa lq/kkj ds ckotwn fo'o dh ,d frgkbZ vf'kf{kr tula[;k Hkkjr esa gSA buesa Hkh vuqlwfpr tkfr] tutkfr vkSj eqlyekuksa dk çfr'kr lcls T;knk gSA vuqlwfpr tkfr vkSj tutkfr dh vk/ks ls vf/kd efgyk,a vc Hkh fuj{kj gSaA 'kgjh bykdksa esa vLFkkbZ etnwjksa dh xjhch dk vuqikr fcgkj ¼86 çfr'kr½ esa lcls vf/kd gS tcfd vle esa 89 çfr'kr] vksfM'kk esa 58.8 çfr'kr] iatkc esa 56.3 çfr'kr] mÙkj çns'k esa 67.6 çfr'kr vkSj if'pe caxky esa 53.7 çfr'kr gSA xzkeh.k bykdksa esa ns[kk x;k gS fd ftu ifjokjksa dh ftEesnkjh vYio;Ldksa ij gksrh gS muds djhc dk vuqikr 16.7 çfr'kr gS tcfd ftu ifjokjksa dh eqf[k;k efgyk,a vkSj ofj"B ukxfjd gSa muesa xjhch dk vuqikr Øe'k: 29.4 çfr'kr vkSj 30.3 çfr'kr gSA 'kgjh bykdksa esa bu vYio;Ldksa }kjk pyk, tkus okys ifjokjksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr 15.7 çfr'kr gS tcfd efgykvksa vkSj ukxfjdksa }kjk pyk, tkus okys ifjokjksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr Øe'k: 22.1 çfr'kr vkSj 20 çfr'kr gS tcfd dqy xjhch dk vuqikr 20.9 çfr'kr gSA xzkeh.k bykdksa esa ftu ifjokjksa esa çkFkfed vkSj fuEu f'k{kk çkIr yksx gSa muesa lcls vf/kd xjhch gS tcfd ftu ifjokjksa esa ek/;fed vkSj mPprj f'k{kk çkIr yksx gSa os csgrj gkyr esa gSaA fcgkj vkSj NÙkhlx<+ ds xzkeh.k bykdksa esa çkFkfed vkSj fuEurj Lrj dh f'k{kk okys nks frgkbZ ifjokj xjhc gSa tcfd mÙkj çns'k esa ;g vuqikr 46.8 çfr'kr vkSj vksfM'kk dk vuqikr 47.5 çfr'kr gSA yxHkx ;gh #>ku 'kgjh bykdksa esa fn[kkA Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ;kstuk vk;ksx ds mik/;{k eksaVsd flag vgywokfy;k vkSj dsaæh; xzkeh.k fodkl ea=h t;jke jes'k us 21 vDVwcj 2011 dks Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 tkjh fd;kA Hkkjr ekuo f'k{kk ds ekeys esa Hkkjr esa eqlyekuksa dh lk{kjrk nj lcls uhps gSA mÙkj çns'k] fcgkj vkSj if'pe caxky esa lkr lky ls vf/kd vk;q oxZ dh ns'k dh dqy eqfLye vkcknh dk 46 çfr'kr fgLlk jgrk gSA tcfd eqfLyeksa leqnk; ds dqy fuj{kjksa esa ls 58 Qhlnh bUgha jkT;ksa esa gSaA yxHkx 20 djksM+ vkcknh okys mÙkj çns'k esa 19.2 çfr'kr] if'pe caxky esa 14.8 vkSj fcgkj esa 13.4 çfr'kr eqfLye vkcknh gSA vuqlwfpr tkfr dh dqy vkcknh dk 46 çfr'kr fgLlk mÙkj çns'k] fcgkj] if'pe caxky vkSj vka/kz çns'k esa jgrk gSA jktLFkku] >kj[kaM] mM+hlk] NÙkhlx<+ vkSj e/; çns'k ,sls jkT; gSa] tgka vuqlwfpr tutkfr dh dqy vkcknh dh 48 çfr'kr jgrh gSA tcfd bl leqnk; ds dqy vf'kf{krksa esa ls 55 çfr'kr bUgha jkT;ksa esa gSaA Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ds vuqlkj Hkkjr esa ekuo fodkl dh fLFkfr esa dkQh lq/kkj gqvk gSA o"kZ 2000 ds eqdkcys o"kZ 2008 esa blesa 21 Qhlnh dh csgrjh ntZ dh xbZA ekuo fodkl lwph esa dsjy lcls Åij gS] tcfd NÙkhlx<+ lcls fupys ik;nku ij gSA tkjh fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj o"kZ 2007&08 esa ekuo fodkl nj c<+dj 0.467 gks xbZA tcfd o"kZ 1999&2000 ds nkSjku ;g 0.387 gh FkhA ;kuh 21 Qhlnh dh c<+ksrjh gqbZ gSA fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj o"kZ 2001&2011 ds nkSjku lcls rst fodkl f'k{kk ds {ks= esa gqvkA ;g lq/kkj 28.5 Qhlnh jgkA yksxksa dh vk; esa Hkh bl nkSjku 21.5 Qhlnh dh o`f) gqbZA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 104 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 11. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ds vuqlkj LokLF; ds {ks= esa fodkl cgqr /khek gqvkA bl {ks= esa fodkl nj flQZ 13A2 Qhlnh gh gqvkA LokLF; ds {ks= esa lcls vPNh fodkl nj xksok us gkfly dhA ;gka ;g nj 79 Qhlnh jgh] ysfdu nwljs uacj ij jgus okys jkT; NÙkhlx<+ esa ;g nj flQZ 22 Qhlnh FkhA LokLF; ds iSekus ij lcls de fodkl fnYyh esa gqvkA ;g flQZ pkj Qhlnh jgkA fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj Hkkjr esa nl gtkj yksxksa ij vLirky ds flQZ ukS fcLrj miyC/k gSaA blh rjg çfr nl gtkj vkcknh ij flQZ Ng MkWDVj miyC/k gSaA Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ds vuqlkj vk/kkjHkwr lajpuk ds {ks= esa dsjy] fnYyh vkSj xksok tSls jkT;ksa us <kapkxr lqfo/kkvksa dh enn ls pkSeq[kh fodkl fd;k gS] ogha fcgkj] >kj[kaM] mÙkj çns'k] e/; çns'k vkSj NÙkhlx<+ tSls jkT; <kapkxr lqfo/kkvksa dh deh ds dkj.k vHkh Hkh xjhc cus gq, gSaA fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj dsjy us jk"Vªh; vkSlr ls pkj xquk vf/kd lM+das cukbZ gSaA o"kZ 2004 ds vkadM+ksa ds vk/kkj ij dsjy esa çfr 100 oxZ fdyksehVj {ks=Qy ij 369 fdehA lM+das Fkha] tcfd lM+dksa dk jk"Vªh; vkSlr çfr 100 oxZ fdehA {ks=Qy ij 80 fdeh dk gSA lM+d fuekZ.k ds ekeys esa lcls vkxs jgus okyk dsjy fodkl ds ekeys esa vU; jkT;ksa ls vkxs gSA fcgkj] NÙkhlx<+] fgekpy çns'k] jktLFkku] egkjk"Vª] rfeyukMq vkSj mÙkj çns'k jkT; ljdkj }kjk ç/kkuea=h xzke lM+d ;kstuk ds fu/kkZfjr y{; rd dks iwjk ugha fd;k x;kA fcgkj] >kj[kaM mÙkj çns'k vkSj if'pe caxky tSls ?kuh vkcknh okys jkT;ksa esa çfr nl yk[k dh vkcknh ij 25.9 fdeh ds jk"Vªh; vkSlr ls Hkh de lM+das cuh gSaA gkykafd egkjk"Vª] vka/kz çns'k vkSj e/; çns'k tSls ?kuh vkcknh jkT;ksa esa jk"Vªh; vkSlr ls vf/kd lM+das cuh gSaA us'kuy LVkWd ,Dlpsat esa dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM ds 'ks;j ewY; esa nks çfr'kr dh o`f) gqbZ vkSj daiuh dk cktkj iwathdj.k c<+dj 251296 djksM+ #i, ij igqap x;kA dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM Hkkjr dh dks;yk mRiknd daiuh gSA cktkj ewY; ds lanHkZ esa eqd'k s vackuh dh isVªksfy;e daiuh fjyk;al baMLVªht fyfeVsM ¼vkjvkbZ,y½ nwljs LFkku ij vkSj lkoZtfud {ks= dh rsy daiuh vks,uthlh rhljs LFkku ij gSA vkjvkbZ,y ds 'ks;j esa 0.55 çfr'kr dh fxjkoV gqbZ vkSj daiuh dk cktkj ewY; 247129 djksM+ #i, jg x;k] tks lhvkbZ,y ds cktkj ewY; ls 4000 djksM+ #i, de gSA vkjvkbZ,y us igyk LFkku o"kZ 2007 esa vks,uthlh ls fy;k FkkA vks,uthlh dh cktkj iwath 237200 djksM+ #i, gSaA fofnr gks fd dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM us o"kZ 2010 esa cktkj esa lwphc) gqbZ Fkh] vkSj mlh le; 203000 djksM+ #i, ds cktkj iwathdj.k ds lkFk ns'k dh ikapoh lcls ewY;oku daiuh cu xbZ Fkh QkLQsV vkSj iksVkl okys moZjdksa ij fj;k;r esa la'kks/ku gsrq çLrko dks dsaæh; eaf=eaMy dh eatwjh dsæh; eaf=eaMy us 2011&12 ds fy, QkLQsV vkSj iksVkl a okys moZjdksa ij iks"kd rRo vk/kkfjr fj;k;r ¼NBS½ esa la'kks/ku ds fy, çLrkoksa dks 28 vçSy 2011 dks eatwjh çnku dhA bl eatwjh ls foÙko"kZ 2011&12 esa moZjd mRiknd vkSj vk;krd] moZjd vkSj mudk dPpk eky vk;kr dj ldsxs vkSj a ns'k esa mudk mRiknu Hkh dj ldsxsA blls bu moZjdksa dh ?kjsyw a dherksa esa c<+ksÙkjh ugha gksxhA ns'kHkj ds fdlku vf/kdre [kqnjk ewY; ij fj;k;r ds lkFk moZjd [kjhn ldsxsA a lkoZtfud {ks= dh daiuh dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM ns'k dh lcls ewY;oku daiuh cuh iksVkl vkSj QkLQsV moZjdksa ds fy, 2011&12 esa 33 gtkj 500 djksM+ #i, dk ctVh; çko/kku fd;k x;k gSA ;|fi ;g dqy fj;k;r O;; 2011&12 esa moZjdksa dh dqy fcØh ij fuHkZj djsxhA ijUrq ;g fj;k;r ,d [kjc rd igqpus dk vuqeku gSA ;s fj;k;rsa ,d vçSy 2011 ls çHkkoh ekuh xbZA lkoZtfud {ks= dh daiuh dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM ¼lhvkbZ,y½ ns'k dh lcls ewY;oku daiuh cu xbZA 16 vxLr 2011 dks fofnr gks fd moZjd foHkkx us 2011&12 ds fy, iks"kd rRo vk/kkfjr fj;k;r dh ?kks"k.kk ekpZ 2011 esa gh dj nh Fkh Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 105 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 12. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books rkfd moZjdksa ds vk;krd vkSj fuekZrk vkiwfrZ fufonkvksa esa 'kkfey gks ldsa vkSj ns'k esa fdlkuksa dks moZjd miyC/k gks ldsA bu fj;k;rksa dks 1 vçSy 2011 ls ykxw fd;k tkuk FkkA gkykafd] moZjd daifu;ksa us varjjk"Vªh; cktkj esa moZjdksa dh c<+rh dherksa vkSj budh de miyC/krk dh ekStwnk varjjk"Vªh; fLFkfr ds eísutj foÙko"kZ 2011&12 esa igys ls r; fj;k;rksa ds vk/kkj ij vkiwfrZ vuqca/k dks vafre :i nsus esa vleFkZrk trkbZ FkhA ,d varj ea=ky;h lfefr us bl ij fopkj dj fj;k;r njksa esa la'kks/ku dh flQkfj'k dh FkhA mlds ckn moZjd foHkkx us bu njksa esa la'kks/ku dk çLrko ljdkj ds vuqeksnu ds fy, çLrqr fd;k FkkA Hksy }kjk e/; çns'k ds chuk esa Hkkjr dk çFke vYVªk gkbZ oksYVst VªkalQkWeZj dk;Z'khy fctyh vkSj Hkkjh midj.k cukus okyh lkoZtfud {ks= dh daiuh Hkkjr gsoh bysfDVªdy fyfeVsM ¼Hksy½ us e/; çns'k ds chuk esa Hkkjr ds çFke 1200 fdyksokWV ds vYVªk gkbZ oksYVst VªkalQkWeZj dks pkyw fd;kA Hkkjr gsoh bysfDVªdy fyfeVsM ¼BHEL: Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited] Hksy½ ds vuqlkj 1200 fdyksokWV ds vYVªk gkbZ oksYVst VªkalQkWeZj dks 6 Qjojh 2012 dks dk;Z'khy fd;k x;kA Hkkjr gsoh bysfDVªdy fyfeVsM ¼Hksy½ }kjk vYVªk gkbZ oksYVst VªkalQkWeZj ¼ HVAC: Ultra High Voltage Alternating U Current½ dk fodkl] fofuekZ.k vkSj ijh{k.k Lo;a fd;k x;k gSA Hksy ds vuqlkj bl ç.kkyh ds fodkl ls fctyh mRiknu dsæ ls a nwj fLFkr yksM dsæksa rd fctyh Hkstus dh n{krk esa lq/kkj laHko a gSA KkrO; gks fd Hksy us bl VªkalQkWeZj ds fodkl ds fy, ikojfxzM dkWjiksjs'ku ds lkFk lgefr i= ¼,evks;w½ ij gLrk{kj fd, FksA dsaæ ljdkj }kjk NksVh cpr ;kstukvksa ij T;knk C;kt nj nsus dk fu.kZ; dsaæ ljdkj us NksVh cpr ;kstukvksa ¼Small Savings Schemes½ ij T;knk C;kt nj nsus dk fu.kZ; 11 uoacj 2011 dks fy;kA blds rgr ifCyd çksfoMsV QaM ¼PPF: Public a Provident Fund] ihih,Q½ vkSj Mkd ?kj tek ;kstukvksa ij feyus okyh C;kt dh nj dks c<+k fn;k x;kA ifCyd çksfoMsV QaM ¼PPF: Public Provident Fund] a ihih,Q½ ij feyus okyh 8 çfr'kr C;kt nj dks c<+kdj 8A6 çfr'kr dj fn;k x;kA ihih,Q ds rgr okf"kZd fuos'k dh lhek dks Hkh 70 gtkj :i;s ls c<+kdj ,d yk[k :i;s fd;k x;kA Mkd ?kj tek ;kstuk ds rgr cpr [kkrk /kkjdksa dks feyus okyh 3A5 çfr'kr C;kt nj dks c<+kdj 4 çfr'kr dj fn;k x;kA tcfd Mkd ?kj dh lHkh ekfld vk; ;kstukvksa ij C;kt dh nj dks 8A2 çfr'kr vkSj jk"Vªh; cpr i= ¼NSC: National Savings Certificate½ ij C;kt dh nj dks 8A4 çfr'kr fd;k x;kA Mkd ?kj dh ekfld vk; ;kstuk vkSj jk"Vªh; cpr i= dh ifjiDork vof/k dks N% o"kZ ls ?kVkdj ikap o"kZ fd;k x;kA nl o"kZ dh ifjiDork vof/k okyh ,d jk"Vªh; cpr i= ;kstuk dh Hkh ?kks"k.kk dh xbZ] ftldh C;kt nj 8A7 çfr'kr j[kh xbZA ,d o"kZ dh ifjiDork vof/k okyh lkof/k tek ¼FiÛed Deposit½ ;kstuk ij lcls T;knk C;kt nj c<+kbZ xbZ ¼6-25 ls c<+kdj 7-7 çfr'kr½A vU; lkof/k tek ;kstukvksa ij vkSlru ,d çfr'kr C;kt nj dh o`f) dh xbZA dsaæ ljdkj }kjk fdlku fodkl i= ¼Kisan Vikas Patra½ dks lekIr djus dk egRoiw.kZ fu.kZ; fy;k x;kA lkFk gh ekfld vk; ;kstukvksa ij cksul nsus dh çfØ;k dks lekIr djus vkSj ifCyd çksfoMsV QaM ij ,tsaV dks feyus okyh ,d çfr'kr a deh'ku dks Hkh can djus dk fu.kZ; fy;k x;kA ifCyd çksfoMsV QaM ¼PPF: Public Provident Fund] a ihih,Q½ ij feyus okyh dtZ dks egaxk dj fn;k x;kA iwoZ esa ljdkj }kjk ihih,Q ij ftruk C;kt nj fn;k tkrk Fkk mlls ,d çfr'kr T;knk dh nj ij dtZ eqgS;k fd;k tkrk FkkA u, fu;eksa ds vuqlkj ihih,Q ij feyus okys C;kt nj ls nks çfr'kr vf/kd ij dtZ fn;k tkuk gSA KkrO; gks dh Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dh iwoZ MhIVh xouZj ';keyk xksihukFk dh v/;{krk okyh lfefr Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 106 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 13. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books us NksVh cpr ;kstukvksa ¼Small Savings Schemes½ esa cnyko laca/kh fjiksVZ dsæ ljdkj dks lkSaih FkhA ml fjiksVZ esa NksVh a cpr ;kstukvksa esa cnyko laca/kh flQkfj'ksa dh xbZ Fkha ih,ebZ,lh }kjk foÙk o"kZ 2012&13 esa thMhih dh o`f) nj 7A5 ls 8 çfr'kr jgus dk vuqeku ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn us foÙk o"kZ 2012&13 esa Hkkjr ds ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ;kuh thMhih dh o`f) nj dk vuqeku 7A5 ls 8 çfr'kr dk yxk;k gSA ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn ¼PMEAC: Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council] ih,ebZ,lh½ us vFkZO;oLFkk dh leh{kk djrs gq, 22 Qjojh 2012 dks dsæ ljdkj dks jktdks"kh; fLFkfr a etcwr cukus ds fy, isVªksfy;e lfClMh ij vadq'k yxkus dh lykg nhA vkSj dPps rsy dk mRiknu ?kVus ls [kku ,oa mR[kuu {ks= esa o"kZ 2011&12 ds nkSjku fxjkoV dk #[k jgus dk vuqeku tkjh fd;k x;kA MkW- lh jaxjktu dh v/;{krk okyh ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn us lfClMh ds {ks= esa lq/kkjksa ij lq>ko nsrs gq, crk;k fd Mhty ewY; dks pj.kc) <ax ls fu;a=.keqä djus vkSj ,yihth o dsjkslhu ds ekeys esa Hkh fofHkUu fjiksVksaZ esa fn, x, lq>ko ij ckrphr vkxs c<+uh pkfg,A lkFk gh moZjd vkSj isVªksfy;e lfClMh ds {ks= esa lq/kkjksa ij vkxs c<+uk pkfg,A KkrO; gks fd ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn us foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 esa 6A9 çfr'kr thMhih fodkl nj ds vuqeku esa o`f) djrs gq, fodkl nj 7A1 çfr'kr jgus dk vuqeku trk;kA ifj"kn us tqykbZ] 2011 esa 8A2 çfr'kr fodkl nj dk vuqeku yxk;k FkkA xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ksa ds fy, dM+s fn'kk&funsZ'k vFkZO;oLFkk dh leh{kk esa ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn us foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 esa —f"k {ks= ds fodkl nj dk vuqeku rhu çfr'kr yxk;kA tcfd dsæh; lkaf[;dh laxBu ds a iwokZuqekuksa esa —f"k fodkl nj 2A5 çfr'kr j[kh xbZ FkhA ifj"kn ds v/;{k MkW lh jaxjktu ds vuqlkj foÙk o"kZ 2012&13 esa egaxkbZ dh nj Hkh uhps cuh jg ldrh gSA ifj"kn }kjk tkjh o"kZ 2011&12 dh vkfFkZd leh{kk esa foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 esa jktdks"kh; ?kkVk 4A6 çfr'kr ds ctV vuqeku ls vf/kd jgus dk vuqeku yxk;k x;kA xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ksa ds fu;eu ds fy, dM+s fn'kk&funsZ'k is'k fd;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dh fMIVh xouZj m"kk FkksjkV dh v/;{krk okys dk;Zlewg us viuh flQkfj'k is'k dhA xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ksa ¼,uch,Qlh½ ds fy, fu;eu vkSj fuxjkuh <kaps dks etcwr cukus gsrq dk;Zlewg us ubZ ,uch,Qlh ds iathdj.k ds fy, U;wure 50 djksM+ #i;s dh laifÙk dks vfuok;Z cukus dk lq>ko fn;kA dk;Zlewg us blds lkFk gh blls de laifÙk;ksa okyh ,uch,Qlh dk iathdj.k jí djus ;k fQj mUgsa nks o"kZ ds ckn u;k iathdj.k çek.ki= ysus dk Hkh lq>ko fn;kA ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn us foÙk o"kZ 2012&13 esa egaxkbZ dh nj ikap ls Ng çfr'kr ds nk;js esa jgus dk vuqeku yxk;kA gkykafd ifj"kn us dsæ ljdkj dks [kk| inkFkksaZ ds nke ij a l[r fuxjkuh j[ks tkus dh lykg nhA lq>ko esa ifj"kn us crk;k fd —f"k mRiknu c<+kus ds lkFk [kk|kUuksa] Qy] lfCt;ksa vkSj nqX/k mRiknksa dh vklku vkiwfrZ ds fy, etcwr vk/kkjHkwr <kapk [kM+k djus ij /;ku fn;k tkuk pkfg,A dks;yk mRiknu ?kVus] ykSg v;Ld mRiknu ij çfrca/k o çk—frd xSl mRiknu esa deh m"kk FkksjkV dh v/;{krk okys dk;Zlewg dh flQkfj'k esa çko/kku laca/kh fn'kkfunsZ'kksa vkSj 'ks;j czksdjksa o epsaZV cSadjksa dks dtZ nsus esa ,uch,Qlh ds fy, cSadksa tSls fu;e ykxw djus ij cy fn;k x;kA lkFk gh cSadksa ij ykxw gksus okys ,dkmafVax fu;e dks xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ksa ds fy, Hkh ykxw fd, tkus dk lq>ko fn;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us lq>koksa ij fgr/kkjdksa vkSj turk ls 30 flracj 2011 rd fVIif.k;ka ekaxh gSa] ftlds ckn bls fØ;kfUor fd;k tkuk gSA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 107 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 14. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books fn'kk&funsZ'k ds eq[; fcanq% v ubZ ,uch,Qlh ds iathdj.k ds fy, U;wure #i;s dh laifÙk vfuok;Z 50 djksM+ djksM+ #i;s ls d.k laifÙk okys ,uch,Qlh dk iathdj.k jí djus ;k fQj mUgsa nks o"kZ ds ckn u;k iathdj.k çek.ki= ysus dk çko/kku v 50 v 'ks;j czksdjksa o epsaZV cSadjksa dks dtZ nsus esa ,uch,Qlh ds fy, cSadksa tSls fu;e ykxw gksa v cSadksa ij ykxw gksus okys ,dkmafVax fu;e dks xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ksa ¼,uch,Qlh½ ds fy, Hkh ykxw djuk v ,d gtkj djksM+ #i;s ls T;knk dh laifÙk okyh lHkh ,uch,Qlh ds fy, funs'kd eaMy dk xBu vfuok;Z v iathdj.k ds rhu o"kZ ds Hkhrj iwath i;kZIrrk dh –f"V ls mudh U;wure 'ks;j iwath 12 çfr'kr gksuk vfuok;Z v dtZ olwyh ds u, dkuwu&foÙkh; laifÙk;ksa dk iquxZBu o çfrHkwfrdj.k vkSj çfrHkwfr fgr çorZu vf/kfu;e ¼ljQslh dkuwu½ dk ykHk çfr'kr ls vf/kd dh çR;{k ;k ijks{k fgLlsnkjh gLrkarj.k] fu;a=.k esa cnyko vkSj jftLVMZ ,uch,Qlh ds foy; ;k vf/kxzg.k ds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dh vuqefr vfuok v 25 lh,evkbbZ us foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 ds fy, Hkkjr dk thMhih esa o`f) dk vuqeku 7A1 Qhlnh fd;k lsaVj QkWj ekWuhVfjax bafM;u bdksukWeh us foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 ds fy, Hkkjr ds ldy ?kjsyw mRiknu esa o`f) dk vuqeku ?kVkdj 7.1 Qhlnh fd;kA lsaVj QkWj ekWuhVfjax bafM;u bdksukWeh }kjk blls iwoZ yxk;k x;k vuqeku 7.8 Qhlnh dk FkkA lsaVj QkWj ekWuhVfjax bafM;u bdksukWeh us 12 fnlacj 2011 dks u;k vuqeku tkjh fd;kA tqykbZ&flracj 2011 frekgh esa Hkkjr ds ldy ?kjsyw mRiknu dh fodkl nj 6A9 Qhlnh jg xbZ] tks fd fiNys lky dh leku frekgh esa 7.7 Qhlnh jgh FkhA lsaVj QkWj ekWuhVfjax bafM;u bdksukWeh us Hkkjr ds thMhih esa o`f) dk vuqeku dks ?kVkus ds ihNs rhu rdZ fn,A ;s rhu rdZ gSa% fons'kh ekax esa deh] {kerk foLrkj dk;ksaZ esa /khesiu vkSj dkjksckjh fo'okl esa dehA lh,evkbbZ ds vuqlkj ;wjkstksu esa dtZ ladV ds dkj.k Hkkjrh; mRiknksa dh ekax esa deh vkbZ gSA lkFk gh csgn Åaph C;kt njksa vkSj [kzjkc dkjksckjh ekgkSy ds dkj.k fuos'k vkSj {kerk foLrkj esa /khesiu cuk gqvk gSA lsaVj QkWj ekWuhVfjax bafM;u bdksukWeh ds vuqlkj egaxkbZ ij fu;a=.k djus ds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk ekpZ 2010 ds ckn ls C;kt njksa esa dqy 13 ckj esa 375 vk/kkj vad dh o`f) Hkh ,d egRoiw.kZ dkj.k gSA C;kt njksa esa bl rst o`f) dk vlj ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ds vkadM+ksa ij Li"V :i ls iM+k gSA tqykbZ&flracj 2011 frekgh esa fodkl nj vçSy&twu 2011 ds eqdkcys 0A6 Qhlnh ?kVh gSA lgkjk bafM;k ikoj vkSj dksfj;k bZLV&osLV ikoj ds lgkjk bafM;k ikoj dkjiksjs'ku vkSj dksfj;k bZLV&osLV ikoj dkjiksjs'ku ds e/; 6000 esxkokV fctyh mRiknu le>kSrk 17 vxLr 2011 dks gqvkA 6000 esxkokV mRiknu {kerk ds fctyh la;a= LFkkfir djus ds fy, nksuksa daifu;ksa us ;g le>kSrk fd;kA lgkjk bafM;k ikoj dkjiksjs'ku vkSj dksfj;k bZLV&osLV ikoj dkjiksjs'ku ds le>kSrs ds rgr nksuksa daifu;ka ns'k esa vYVªk esxk ikoj çkstsDV lfgr vU; ifj;kstukvksa ds fy, la;qä :i ls dj vk/kkfjr cksfy;ka yxkus dks lger gqbZaA KkrO; gks fd vYVªk esxk ikoj çkstsDV esa 4000 esxkokV fctyh mRiknu dh {kerk dk y{; gksrk gSA dqy 6000 esxkokV ds bu la;a=ksa esa mM+hlk ds frryx<+ esa çLrkfor 1320 esxkokV dk fctyh la;a= Hkh 'kkfey gSA ;g la;a= lqijfØfVdy VsDuksykWth ij vk/kkfjr ;kstuk gS vkSj bl ij 8000 djksM+ #i;s dk fuos'k fd;k tkuk gSA lgkjk bafM;k ikoj dkjiksjs'ku fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa dk;Zjr lgkjk lewg dh daiuh gS] tcfd dksfj;k bZLV&osLV ikoj dkjiksjs'ku nf{k.k dksfj;k dh ljdkjh daiuh Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 108 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 15. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books Hkkjr dk lcls cM+k ftal ,Dlpsat ,elh,Dl cacbZ 'ks;j cktkj esa lwphc) Hkkjr dk lcls cM+k ftal ,Dlpsat ,elh,Dl 9 ekpZ 2012 dks cacbZ 'ks;j cktkj esa lwphc) gqvkA cacbZ 'ks;j cktkj esa lwphc) gksus ds lkFk gh ,elh,Dl dk 'ks;j 34 çfr'kr ds çhfe;e ds lkFk ;kuh 1400 #i;s ds Lrj dks ikj dj x;kA gkykafd] equkQkolwyh ds pyrs dkjksckj ds var esa ;g 25.7 Qhlnh dh c<+ksrjh ds lkFk 1297.05 #i;s ij can gqvkA ftal ,Dlpsat ,elh,Dl us vkbihvks ds vkosnudrkZvksa dks 'ks;jksa dk vkoaVu 1032 #i;s ds Hkko ij fd;k FkkA ,elh,Dl 'ks;j cktkj esa lwphc) gksus okyk ns'k dk igyk ,Dlpsat gSA lkFk gh ;g cktkj fu;ked lsch ds u, fu;eksa ds rgr lwphc) gksus okyh igyh daiuh gSA KkrO; gks fd lsch us 20 tuojh 2012 dks u, fn'kk&funsZ'kksa dh ?kks"k.kk dh FkhA u, fn'kk&funsZ'kksa ds rgr lqcg ukS cts ls nl cts ds chp lwphc) gksus ls igys 'ks;jksa ds fy, cksyh yxkbZ tkuh vfuok;Z gSA Fkksd ewY; vk/kkfjr ekfld egaxkbZ dh nj fnlacj 2011 esa 7A47 Qhlnh Fkksd ewY; vk/kkfjr ekfld egaxkbZ dh nj fnlacj 2011 esa 7.47 Qhlnh ntZ dh xbZA o"kZ 2010 vkSj 2011 esa ;g vkadM+k lcls de gSA uoacj 2011 esa ;g nj 9.11 Qhlnh Fkh] tcfd fnlacj 2010 esa 9A45 Qhlnh FkhA egaxkbZ dh ekfld nj esa deh ds ihNs eq[; rkSj ij lfCt;ksa o Qyksa lfgr dqN vU; [kk| mRiknksa dh dherksa esa Hkkjh fxjkoV vkSj eSU;qQSDpfjax mRiknksa esa ntZ dh xbZ ujeh gSA gkykafd fnlacj 2011 esa tgka vU; lHkh [kk| mRiknksa dh dherksa esa Hkkjh fxjkoV ntZ dh xbZ gS ogh nky] nw/k] ekal&eNyh] vaMs vkfn dh dherksa esa rsth ntZ dh xbZA fnlacj 2011 esa nkyksa dh Fkksd dher esa 13.62 Qhlnh dk btkQk ntZ fd;k x;kA vaMs esa 11.88 Qhlnh] nw/k esa 11.02 Qhlnh] [kk| rsyksa esa 11.52 Qhlnh dh c<+ksrjh gqbZ gSA KkrO; gks fd lkekU; egaxkbZ ds lwpdkad esa [kk| mRiknksa dh fgLlsnkjh 14 Qhlnh gSA [kk| mRiknksa dh egaxkbZ nj vDVwcj 2011 ds ckn ls yxkrkj de gksrs gq, fnlacj 2011 ds rhljs lIrkg _.kkRed gks xbZ FkhA dsæ a ljdkj us ekpZ 2012 rd egaxkbZ dh nj ds lkr Qhlnh ij vkus dk y{; j[kk gSA ch,l,u,y dks czkWMcSaM ok;jysl ,Dlsl LisDVªe ykSVkus dh eatwjh nwjlapkj foHkkx us lkoZtfud {ks= dh nwjlapkj daiuh ch,l,u,y dks czkWMcSaM ok;jysl ,Dlsl LisDVªe ykSVkus dh lS)kafrd eatwjh 7 fnlacj 2011 dks nhA nwjlapkj foHkkx us Hkkjr lapkj fuxe fyfeVsM ¼ch,l,u,y½ dks 13&14 lfdZy esa czkWMcSaM ok;jysl ,Dlsl LisDVªe ykSVkus dh lS)kafrd eatwjh çnku dhA o"kZ 2009 esa ch,l,u,y dks 21 lfdZy esa chMCY;w, LisDVªe ds xSj ekudh—r cSaM vkoafVr fd, x, FksA ch,l,u,y us 2010 esa chMCY;w, LisDVªe [kjhnus ds fy, 8]500 djksM+ #i;s dk Hkqxrku nwjlapkj foHkkx dks fd;k FkkA KkrO; gks fd lkoZtfud {ks= dh nwjlapkj daiuh ch,l,u,y dks o"kZ 2010&11 esa 6]000 djksM+ #i;s ls T;knk dk uqdlku gqvk gSA foÙkh; ?kkVk de djus gsrq daiuh us nwjlapkj foHkkx dks 21 lfdZy esa ls 17 lfdZy esa chMCY;w, LisDVªe lkSaius dh is'kd'k djrs gq, vkosnu fd;k FkkA Hkkjr lapkj fuxe fyfeVsM flQZ egkjk"Vª] vka/kz çns'k] xqtjkr vkSj gfj;k.kk lfdZy ds LisDVªe j[kuk pkgrh gSA chek fofu;ked fodkl çkf/kdj.k }kjk thou chek daifu;ksa dks vkbihvks tkjh djus gsrq fn'kk&funsZ'k chek fofu;ked fodkl çkf/kdj.k us Hkkjr esa thou chek daifu;ksa dks vkbihvks tkjh djus ds fn'kk&funsZ'k 1 fnlacj 2011 dks tkjh fd,A bjMk ds fn'kk&funsZ'k ds vuqlkj Hkkjr esa nl lky ls vf/kd le; ls dkjksckj dj jgh chek daiuh dks vkbihvks ykus dh vuqefr gksxhA chek fofu;ked fodkl çkf/ kdj.k ¼bjMk½ ds u, fn'kk&funsZ'k ds rgr futh {ks= dh ,pMh,Qlh LVSaMMZ ykbQ] vkblhvkblhvkb çqMsaf'k;y vkSj ,lchvkb ykbZQ Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 109 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 16. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books vkbihvks yk ldrh gSaA gkykafd bjMk dh tkjh vf/klwpuk esa dgk x;k gS fd vkbihvks ds vkdkj dk QSlyk çkf/kdj.k djsxkA bjMk us blds lkFk gh chek daifu;ksa ds çorZdksa dks viuh fgLlsnkjh cspus dh vuqefr Hkh nhA ijUrq çorZdksa dks daiuh ls fudyus ls jksdus dks ykWd bu vof/k Lo;a çkf/kdj.k r; djsxkA lkFk gh fdlh Hkh thou chek daiuh dks bjMk ls iwoZ vuqefr fy, fcuk vkbihvks ds fy, cktkj fu;ked lsch ds ikl vkosnu dk vf/kdkj ugha fn;k x;k ewMht }kjk Hkkjrh; cSafdax {ks= dh lk[k udkjkRed ?kksf"kr oSf'od ØsfMV jsfVax ,tsalh ewMht us Hkkjrh; cSafdax {ks= dh lk[k dks 9 uoacj 2011 dks udkjkRed ?kksf"kr fd;kA Hkkjrh; cSafdax {ks= dh lk[k blls iwoZ fLFkj FkhA cSafdax {ks= dh lk[k udkjkRed dk vFkZ gS fd Hkkjr esa cSadksa dh gkyr Bhd ugha gS vkSj buesa fuos'k djuk [krjukd gSA KkrO; gks fd udkjkRed jsfVax dk fu/kkZj.k mrkj&p<+ko vkSj vfuf'pr gkykr ls gksrk gSA ,slk çFke ckj gqvk tc fdlh oSf'od ØsfMV jsfVax ,tsalh }kjk iwjs Hkkjrh; cSafdax {ks= dh lk[k dks udkjkRed ?kksf"kr fd;k x;kA oSf'od ØsfMV jsfVax ,tsalh ewMht ¼Moody's½ us vDVwcj 2011 esa Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad dh jsfVax Hkh ?kVkbZ Fkh u, futh cSadksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk fn'kkfunsZ'kksa dk çk:i tkjh Hkkjr esa u, futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk fn'kkfunsZ'kksa dk çk:i 29 tqykbZ 2011 dks tkjh fd;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk tkjh fn'kkfunsZ'kksa ds vuqlkj u, futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq daifu;ksa dks de ls de 500 djksM+ #i;s dk fuos'k vfuok;Z fd;k x;kA lkFk gh bu cSadksa esa igys ikap o"kZ rd fons'kh fgLlsnkjh dh vf/kdre lhek 49 çfr'kr r; dh xbZA u, futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk tkjh fn'kkfunsZ'kksa esa dsoy iw.kZ LokfeRo okyh xSj lapkfyr gksfYMax daiuh ds tfj;s gh u, cSad LFkkfir fd, tk ldrs gSaA lkFk gh bu gksfYMax daifu;ksa dks cSad esa U;wure 40 çfr'kr bfDoVh fgLlsnkjh j[kuk vfuok;Z gS] vkSj bls cSad LFkkiuk ls vxys ikap o"kZ rd cspk ugha tk ldrk gSA 40 çfr'kr ls vf/kd bfDoVh fgLlsnkjh gksus ij u, cSad dh gksfYMax daiuh dks cSad ykblsal feyus dh rkjh[k ls nks o"kZ ds Hkhrj mls ?kVkdj U;wure lhek rd ykuk Hkh vfuok;Z dj fn;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us ikjnf'kZrk c<+kus gsrq gksfYMax daifu;ksa }kjk u, cSadksa dks nks o"kZ ds Hkhrj 'ks;j cktkj esa lwphc) djokuk Hkh vfuok;Z dj fn;kA Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk ds lexz fodkl dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us u, futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq tkjh fn'kkfunsZ'kksa esa Li"V fd;k fd u, cSadksa ij de ls de 25 çfr'kr 'kk[kk,a cSafdax lqfo/kkvksa dh –f"V ls fiNM+s {ks=ksa esa [kksyus dh ftEesnkjh gSA futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq u, fn'kkfunsZ'kksa ds vuqlkj ;fn daiuh ykblsal feyus ds igys ikap o"kZ esa vfrfjä bfDoVh tqVkrh gS rks og vxys ikap o"kZ rd c<+h gqbZ vfrfjä bfDoVh iwath dk 40 çfr'kr vius ikl j[k ldrh gSA mlds ckn u, cSad dh gksfYMax daiuh dks bfDoVh iwath dks nl o"kZ esa 20 çfr'kr rd vkSj 12 o"kZ esa 15 çfr'kr rd lhfer djuk vfuok;Z gSA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us u, fn'kkfunsZ'kksa esa Li"V fd;k fd fuoklh Hkkjrh;ksa }kjk fu;af=r vFkok çofrZr futh {ks= esa dk;Zjr daifu;ksa vkSj daiuh lewg dks Hkh u, cSad LFkkfir djus dh vuqefr nsus ij fopkj fd;k tk,xkA gkykafd blds fy, vPNh lk[k vkSj bZekunkjh ls dke djus dk de ls de 10 o"kZ dk fjdkWMZ vfuok;Z gSA u, fn'kkfunsZ'kksa ds çk:i esa fj;y ,LVsV] daLVªD'ku vkSj czksfdax daifu;ksa dks u, cSafdax ykblsal ds fy, mfpr ik= ugha ekuk x;k gSA KkrO; gks fd foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us dsæh; ctV 2011 esa u, futh cSad ykblsal cukus dh a ?kks"k.kk dh Fkh vkSj Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dks bl laca/k esa funsZ'k fn;k FkkA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us u, futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq fn'kkfunsZ'kksa dk çk:i 29 tqykbZ 2011 dks tkjh fd;kA pwafd ;g flQZ çk:i gS] bl dkj.k fjtoZ cSad us cSadksa] xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; laLFkkuksa] m|ksx lewgksa] vU; laLFkkuksa vkSj vke turk ls 31 vDVwcj 2011 rd çfrfØ;k ekaxh gSA vafre fn'kkfunsZ'k çfrfØ;k] fVIif.k;ka vkSj lq>ko feyus ds ckn tkjh fd, tkus gSa Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 110 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 17. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books jk"Vªh; vkWVkseksfVo ijh{k.k vkSj vuqla/kku rFkk fodkl <kapkxr ifj;kstuk jk"Vªh; vkWVkseksfVo ijh{k.k vkSj vuqla/kku rFkk fodkl <kapkxr ifj;kstuk ds fy, 2288 djksM+ #i, ls vf/kd ds la'kksf/kr ykxr vuqeku dks eatwjh çnku dhA ;g eatwjh vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr }kjk 28 vçSy 2011 dks nh xbZA blls igys bl ifj;kstuk ij 1718 djksM+ #i, [kpZ gksus dk vuqeku j[kk x;k FkkA eaf=eaMyh; lfefr us bl ifj;kstuk dks iwjk djus dh rkjh[k Hkh 30 flrEcj 2011 ls c<+kdj 31 fnlEcj 2012 dj nhA vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr us gfj;k.kk esa dqMyh esa jk"Vªh; [kk| çkS|ksfxdh m|e'khyrk vkSj a çca/ku laLFkku ¼National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management½ dh vuqekfur ykxr la'kksf/kr djds djhc 480 djksM+ #i, djus dks Hkh eatwjh nhA xsy xSl fyfeVsM vkSj dsjy çns'k vkS|ksfxd fodkl fuxe dk la;qä miØe le>kSrk lkoZtfud {ks= dh xsy xSl fyfeVsM us dsjy esa xSl lacaf/kr vk/kkjHkwr lajpuk,a LFkkfir djus ds fy, dsjy çns'k vkS|ksfxd fodkl fuxe ds lkFk la;qä miØe LFkkfir djus gsrq 3 fnlEcj 2011 dks le>kSrk fd;kA nksuksa daifu;ksa ds e/; gq, le>kSrk ds rgr la;qä miØe dk uke dsjy xsy xSl fyfeVsM j[kk x;kA dsjy xsy xSl fyfeVsM uke ds bl miØe esa xsy xSl fyfeVsM dh 26 Qhlnh vkSj dsjy çns'k vkS|ksfxd fodkl fuxe dh 24 Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh jguh gSA tcfd ckdh fgLlsnkjh foÙkh; laLFkkuksa vkSj j.kuhfrd fuos'kdksa dks nh tkuh gSA dsjy xsy xSl fyfeVsM ifj;kstuk dh ykxr 2]000 djksM+ #i;s vkadh xbZ Hkkjrh; çfrLi/kkZ vk;ksx us Mh,y,Q ij djksM+ #i;s dk tqekZuk yxk;k 630A43 Hkkjrh; çfrLi/kkZ vk;ksx us fj;y bLVsV daiuh Mh,y,Q fyfeVsM ij 630.43 djksM+ #i;s dk tqekZuk 16 vxLr 2011 dks yxk;kA Hkkjrh; çfrLi/kkZ vk;ksx us Mh,y,Q fyfeVsM dks cktkj esa viuh çHkko'kkyh fLFkfr dk nq#i;ksx djus vkSj daiuh dh gfj;k.kk ds xqM+xkao fLFkr ifj;kstuk esa ¶ySV cqd djkus okyksa ij vuki&'kuki 'krsaZ Fkksius ij ;g tqekZuk yxk;kA KkrO; gks fd Mh,y,Q dh xqM+xkao esa fcys;j uke dh vkoklh; ifj;kstuk dks o"kZ 2009 esa iwjk gksuk Fkk] ij ;g iwjk ugha fd;k x;kA lkFk gh ¶ySV [kjhnkjksa dks crk, x, okLrfod ¶yksj dh rqyuk esa vikVZesaV esa eaftyksa dh la[;k Hkh c<+k nh xbZA blls bl vkoklh; ifj;kstuk esa ¶ySV dh la[;k 384 ls c<+dj 564 rd igqap xbZA blh ds laca/k esa ¶ySV cqd djkus okys dqN yksxksa dh f'kdk;r ij Hkkjrh; çfrLi/kkZ vk;ksx us ebZ 2010 esa tkap dk vkns'k fn;k FkkA tkap esa vk;ksx us Mh,y,Q dks çfrLi/kkZ vf/kfu;e 2002 dh /kkjk 4 ¼2½ ds mYya?ku dk nks"kh ik;kA Hkkjrh; çfrLi/kkZ vk;ksx us fj;y bLVsV daiuh Mh,y,Q fyfeVsM ij 630A43 djksM+ #i;s dk tqekZuk yxkus ds lkFk gh dsæ vkSj jkT; ljdkjksa a dks fj;y bLVsV {ks= ds fy, fu;ked dk xBu djus dk lq>ko Hkh fn;k iPphl iSls ;kuh poUuh dh oS/krk dks lekIr 30 twu 2011 twu 2011 dks cSadksa esa iPphl iSls ;k pkj vkuk ;kuh pofUu;ka tek dj muds LFkku ij cM+h eqæk ds flDds ;k uksV gkfly djus dh vafre frfFk FkhA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us poUuh dks pyu ls ckgj djus dh ?kks"k.kk djrs le; lwpuk nh Fkh fd 30 twu ds ckn 25 iSls vkSj mlls de ewY; ds flDds oS/k ugha jgsaxsA dsæ ljdkj us flDdk vf/kfu;e] 1906 dh /kkjk 15, dk a bLrseky djrs gq, 25 iSls vkSj mlls de ewY; ds flDdksa dks cktkj ls okil ysus dk fu.kZ; fd;k FkkA poUuh vkSj blls de ewY; ds flDdksa ds bLrseky ij çfrca/k ds ckn lcls de ewY; dk flDdk 50 iSls dk gksxkA blls igys 1] 2] 3] 5] 10 vkSj 20 iSlk dks cktkj ls [kRe fd;k tk pqdk gSA dsæ ljdkj us poUuh a dh oS/krk lekIr djus ds ihNs rdZ fn;k fd mudh <ykbZ esa mu ij vafdr ewY; ls dgha vf/kd dk [kpkZ vkrk FkkA flDds cukus esa eq[; :i ls rkack] fudy] tLrk vkSj LVSuysl LVhy dk bLrseky fd;k tkrk gSA 30 Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 111 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 18. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books ikfdLrku }kjk Hkkjr ds lkFk O;kikj ds ekeys esa çfrcaf/kr lwph O;oLFkk viukus dh vf/klwpuk tkjh ikfdLrku us Hkkjr ds lkFk O;kikj ds ekeys esa çfrcaf/kr lwph O;oLFkk viukus dh vf/klwpuk bLykekckn esa 21 ekpZ 2012 dks tkjh dj fn;kA bldk mís'; ikfdLrku dk Hkkjr ds lkFk f}i{kh; O;kikj c<+kuk gSA bl O;oLFkk ds ykxw gksus ds lkFk gh çfrcaf/kr lwph esa 'kkfey 1209 mRiknksa dks NksM+dj Hkkjr ls vU; lHkh mRiknksa ds vk;kr dh NwV fey xbZA Hkkjr ls vk;kr gksus okyh oLrqvksa esa ls 137 mRiknksa dks ok?kk fLFkr lhek ls yk;k tk ldsxkA blesa lfCt;ka] U;wtfçaV jksy vkSj 'khV~l rFkk i'kq/ku yk;k tk ldsxkA blds vfrfjä fofuekZrk LFkkuh; Lrj ij fufeZr csfld lkeku dks NksM+dj vU; dPpk eky vk;kr dj ldrs gSaA LokLF; egkfuns'kd dh eatwjh ds ckn og vkS"k/kh; mRiknksa dh iSfdax esa dke vkus okyk lkeku Hkh vk;kr dj ldsxsA a fo'o LokLF; laxBu ¼MCY;wVhvks½ }kjk eatwjh çkIr Hkkjrh; la;a=ksa ls gh Vhdksa ds vk;kr dh vuqefr nh tk,xhA ikfdLrku vkSj Hkkjr ds chp vc rd ldkjkRed oLrqvksa dh lwph ds vk/ kkj ij O;kikj gksrk jgk gSA fofnr gks fd vf/klwpuk tkjh djus ds igys ikfdLrku us Hkkjr ls 2000 ls de oLrqvksa ds vk;kr dh vuqefr ns j[kh FkhA ns'k ds fu;kZr esa tuojh 2012 esa o"kZ 2011 dh blh vof/k ds rqyuk esa 10A1 çfr'kr dh o`f) ns'k ds fu;kZr esa tuojh 2012 esa o"kZ 2011 dh blh vof/k ds eqdkcys 10A1 çfr'kr dh o`f) gqbZ vkSj if'peh cktkjksa esa ekax esa deh ds ckotwn fu;kZr 25 vjc 34 djksM+ MkWyj ij igqap x;kA gkykafd fu;kZr dh bl o`f) nj esa fnlacj 2011 ds eqdkcys ekewyh o`f) gqbZA fnlacj 2011 esa okf"kZd vk/kkj ij ;g o`f) 6A7 çfr'kr FkhA okf.kT; ea=ky; }kjk ;gvkadM+s 1 ekpZ 2012 dks tkjh fd, x,A tuojh 2012 esa vk;kr esa 20A25 çfr'kr dh o`f) ntZ dh xbZ vkSj ;g 40 vjc 10 djksM+ MkWyj dk jgkA bl rjg bl vof/k esa O;kikj ?kkVk c<+dj 14 vjc 76 djksM+ MkWyj gks x;kA tqykbZ 2011 esa fu;kZr dh o`f) nj 82 çfr'kr jgh Fkh] tks vxLr 2011 esa ?kVdj 44.25 çfr'kr] flrEcj esa 36.36 çfr'kr vkSj vDVwcj esa 10.8 çfr'kr jg xbZA fu;kZr djhc 3 [kjc Mkyj vkSj vk;kr 4 [kjc 60 vjc MkWyj rd igqap tkus dh laHkkouk gSA gkse yksu dh x.kuk esa LVkai 'kqYd vkSj jftLVªs'ku Qhl ugha% Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us lkoZtkfud o futh {ks=ksa ds cSadksa dks gkse yksu dh x.kuk flQZ vkokl dh dher ds vk/kkj ij gh djus dk fn'kk funsZ'k tkjh fd;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us vius u, fn'kk funsZ'k esa cSadksa dks LVkai 'kqYd vkSj jftLVªs'ku Qhl dks feykdj gkse yksu nsus ij jksd yxk nhA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us foxr dqN le; esa vkokl yksu esa c<+rs Qals dtsZ ¼,uih,½ dks ns[krs gq, ;g fu.kZ; fy;k gSA vkjchvkbZ ds bl fu.kZ; ls cSad de jkf'k crkSj gkse yksu xzkgdksa dks ns ldsxsA lkFk gh xzkgdksa ij bl funsZ'k dk a vlj ;g gksxk fd mUgsa ?kj [kjhnus ds fy, vc T;knk jkf'k vius fgLls ls yxkuk gksxkA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad ¼vkjchvkbZ½ us o"kZ 2011 esa 20 yk[k #i;s ls T;knk dherh vkokl ds gkse yksu ds fy, _.k vkSj ?kj dh dher dk vuqikr ¼yksu Vw oSY;w½ vf/kdre 80 Qhlnh rd fd;k FkkA tcfd 20 yk[k #i;s rd dh ?kj ds fy, yksu Vw oSY;w 90 Qhlnh rd fd;k FkkA fu;e esa Li"Vrk ugha gksus dh otg ls cSadksa us LVkai 'kqYd o jftLVªs'ku 'kqYd dks Hkh ?kj dh ykxr esa 'kkfey djuk 'kq: dj fn;k Fkk ijØkE; xksnke jlhn ç.kkyh dk mn~?kkVu miHkksäk ekeys] [kk| ,oa lkoZtfud forj.k ea=ky; us ijØkE; xksnke jlhn ç.kkyh¼Negotiable Warehouse Receipt System½ dk mn~?kkVu fd;kA bl ç.kkyh ds varxZr vc fdlku eky xksnke esa tek djk, tkus ij tkjh dh xbZ jlhn ij cSadksa ls _.k ys ldsxsA Hk.Mkj x`g fodkl fofu;ked çkf/ a kdj.k }kjk iath—r xksnkeksa }kjk tkjh dh xbZ jlhn] dsæh; dkuwu a }kjk lefFkZr gSA iwjh rjg ls ijØkE; lk/ku ds rkSj ij bLrseky dh tk ldsxhA ;g ç.kkyh fdlkuksa dks mudk eky etcwrh esa Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 112 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 19. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books cspus vkSj O;kikj dk midj.k cuus ls cpko ds lkFk&lkFk mUgsa vkfFkZd lqfo/kk miyC/k djk,xhA fofnr gks fd Hk.Mkj x`g fodkl fofu;ked çkf/kdj.k dh LFkkiuk ns'k ds lHkh Hk.Mkj.k x`gksa vFkkZr eky xksnkeksa ds fodkl ds mís'; ls vDVwcj 2010 esa dh xbZ FkhA ds;uZ bafM;k dks HkkX;e rsy {ks= ls mRiknu dh eatwjh lkoZtfud {ks= dh rsy o çk—frd xSl daiuh vks,uthlh vkSj gkbMªksdkcZu egkfuns'kky; us futh {ks= dh daiuh ds;uZ dks jktLFkku CykWd ds rsy {ks= HkkX;e ls mRiknu 'kq: djus dh eatwjh çnku dhA ds;uZ }kjk mRiknu ;kstuk dks leFkZu nsus okys çek.ki= feyus ds ckn vks,uthlh vkSj gkbMªksdkcZu egkfuns'kky; us mRiknu 'kq: djus dh eatwjh 26 fnlacj 2011 dks nhA foÙk o"kZ 2012 dh mRiknu nj] dk;ZØe vkSj HkkX;e {ks= dk ctV CykWd fuxjkuh lfefr ds }kjk ikfjr gks tkus ds ckn ds;uZ HkkX;e rsy {ks= ls mRiknu 'kq: dj ldrk gSA 'kq:vkrh ;kstuk ds vuqlkj ds;uZ dks 20]000&25]000 cSjy jkstkuk mRiknu djuk gSA tcfd vçSy 2012 rd mRiknu {kerk dks 40]000 cSjy çfrfnu ds mPpre Lrj rd ys tkuk gSA KkrO; gks fd eaxyk rsy {ks= ls çfrfnu 1]25]000 cSjy rsy mRiknu fd;k tk jgk gSA jktLFkku ds HkkX;e rsy {ks= o eaxyk rsy {ks= esa ds;uZ bafM;k 70 Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh ds lkFk lapkyd daiuh gSA tcfd vU; 30 çfr'kr fgLlsnkjh lkoZtfud {ks= dh rsy o çk—frd xSl daiuh vks,uthlh gS ikap yk[k rd osru ikus okys dj nkrkvksa dks o"kZ 2011&12 esa vk;dj fjVuZ nkf[ky djus ls NwV dsUæh; çR;{k dj cksMZ us ikap yk[k rd dk osru ikus okys dj nkrkvksa dks vkadyu o"kZ 2011&12 esa 31 tqykbZ 2011 rd ns;] vk;dj fjVuZ nkf[ky djus ls NwV laca/kh ;kstuk dks vf/klwfpr dj fn;kA mu O;afä;ksa dks vk;dj fjVuZ nkf[ky djus dh vko';drk ugha gS] ftudh o"kZ 2010&11 esa ,d gh fu;kstd ls çkfIr dqy vkenuh] Lohdk;Z dVkSrh ds ckn 500000 #i, rd vkSj cpr [kkrs esa tek jkf'k ls çkIr vkenuh 10 gtkj #i, dh gSA oSls O;fä;ksa dks viuk LFkk;h [kkrk la[;k ¼iSu½ vkSj cSad ds C;kt ls gksus okyh lewph vk; dh tkudkjh vius fu;ksäk dks nsuh gksxhA mUgsa lzksr ij gh dj nsuk vkSj dj fuxeu ds ckjs esa QkWeZ la[;k 16 çkIr djuk gksxkA oSls O;fä tks ,d ls vf/kd fu;ksäk ls osru çkIr djrs gSa] osru ds vfrfjä nwljs lzksrksa ls vk; gS vkSj cSad ds cpr [kkrs dh C;kt ls vk; gksrh gS ;k tks /ku okilh dk nkok djrs gSa] bl ;kstuk ds vUrxZr ugha vk,axsA ;g ;kstuk oSls ekeyksa esa ykxw ugh gksxh] tgka vk; dj dkuwu 1961 dh /kkjk 142¼1½ ;k /kkjk 148 ;k /kkjk 153 'A' ds rgr vk; dj nkf[ky djus ds fy, uksfVl tkjh fd, x, gSA fofnr gks fd vk;dj fjVuZ nkf[ky djus ls NwV laca/kh ;kstuk dh ?kks"k.kk foÙkea=h ç.ko eq[kthZ us foÙko"kZ 2011&12 ds ctVh; Hkk"k.k esa dh FkhA ?kjsyw Jfedksa dks 'kkfey djus ds fy, jk"Vªh; LokLF; chek ;kstuk dk foLrkj ç/kkuea=h dh v/;{krk okyh dsæh; eaf=eaMy us ns'k esa a iath—r lHkh ?kjsyw Jfedksa dks 'kkfey djus ds fy, jk"Vªh; LokLF; chek ;kstuk ds foLrkj dh eatwjh 23 twu 2011 dks çnku dhA bl ;kstuk ls ns'k esa yxHkx 47 yk[k 50 gtkj ?kjsyw Jfedksa dks ykHk gksxkA ;kstuk ds rgr ns'k esa dgha Hkh iSuy esa 'kkfey fdlh Hkh vLirky esa LekVZ dkMZ vk/kkfjr 30000 #i, rd ds dS'kysl LokLF; chek dh lqfo/kk miyC/k djkbZ tkrh gSA vlaxfBr {ks=ksa ds etnwjksa ds fy, jk"Vªh; lkekftd lqj{kk fuf/k ls /ku vkoafVr fd;k tk,xkA jk"Vªh; LokLF; chek ;kstuk iath—r vkSj 18 ls 59 o"kZ dh vk;q ds ?kjsyw ukSdjksa ds fy, ekU; gSA dsæ vkSj jkT; ljdkjsa a bl ;kstuk ds çhfe;e dks 75%25 ds vuqikr esa ogu djsxhA a iwoksZÙkj jkT;ksa ,oa tEew&d'ehj ds ekeys esa ;g vuqikr 90%10 gSA ;g fçfe;e 30 gtkj rd gj rjg dh chekjh dks doj djsxkA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 113 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 20. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books igys ls py jgh chekjh dks Hkh bl ;kstuk esa 'kkfey fd;k x;k gSaA ykHkkfFkZ;ksa dks bl ;kstuk ds fy, igpku çek.k&i= fu;ksäk] vkokl dY;k.k ,lksfl,'ku] iath—r etnwj la?k ;k iqfyl] bu pkj esa ls fdUgha nks ls ysuk gksrk gSA bl o"kZ nl çfr'kr ?kjsyw ukSdj bl ;kstuk ds nk;js esa yk, tk,axsA;g lqfo/kk okf"kZd vk/kkj ij nh tkuh gSA bl o"kZ igyh ckj 10 çfr'kr dks ;g lqfo/kk feysxhA bl ;kstuk ds rgr dsæ ljdkj a fuEufyf[kr vuqekfur jkf'k ogu djsxh% o"kZ vuqekfur O;; ¼#i, djksM+ esa½ 2011&12 29 -70 2012&13 74 -25 2013&14 148-50 2014&15 297-00 jk"Vªh; LokLF; chek ;kstuk LekVZ dkMZ vk/kkfjr dS'kysl LokLF; chek lqj{kk gSA ;g ns'k esa 25 jkT;ksa/dsæ 'kkflr çns'kksa a esa ykxw dh xbZA xjhch js[kk ls uhps thou&;kiu dj jgs vlaxfBr {ks= ds dkexkjksa dks çfro"kZ 30000 #i, dh lqj{kk miyC/k djkbZ tk,xhA 31 ebZ 2011 rd 2 djksM+ 34 yk[k ls vf/kd LekVZ dkMZ tkjh fd, tk pqds gSaA bl ;kstuk esa Hkou ,oa vU; fuekZ.k dkexkj ¼jkstxkj ,oa lsok 'krksaZ dk fofu;eu½ vf/kfu;e] 1996 ds rgr xfBr dY;k~.k cksMksaZ ds lkFk iath—r Hkou ,oa vU; fuekZ.k Jfed] Qsjh okys] chM+h etnwj ,oa fiNys o"kZ ds nkSjku 15 fnu ls vf/kd dke dj pqds egkRek xka/kh ujsxk ds etnwj 'kkfey gSaA 'kgjh {ks=ksa esa ?kjsyw dk;Z] efgyk jkstxkj ds lcls cM+s {ks=ksa esa ls ,d gSA ?kjsyw Jfed vlaxfBr gSa vkSj ;g {ks= vfu;af=r ,oa Je dkuwuksa ls lajf{kr ugha gSA ;s Jfed lekt ds detksj leqnk;ksa ,oa fiNM+s {ks=ksa ls vkrs gSaA buesa ls T;knkrj xjhc] detksj] laosnu'khy leqnk;] fuj{kj] vdq'ky gksrs gSa vkSj 'kgjh Je cktkj dks ugha le> ikrsA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr&2011 dk elkSnk tkjh dsæh; nwjlapkj ea=ky; us a 10 vDVwcj 2011 dks ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr dk elkSnk tkjh fd;kA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr ds elkSns esa ,d ns'k&,d ykblsal o o"kZ 2020 rd iqjs Hkkjr esa 'kr çfr'kr Qksu ?kuRo dk y{; j[kk x;kA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr ds elkSns esa VsfydkWe miHkksäk dks ns'kHkj esa fcuk jksfeax 'kqYd fn, ckr djus dk Hkh çko/kku gSA lkFk gh VsfydkWe miHkksäk dks vius lfdZy ls ckgj fcuk uacj cnys VsfydkWe vkijsVj Hkh cnyus dk çko/kku j[kk x;k gSA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr ds elkSns esa o"kZ 2017 rd xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa nwjlapkj ?kuRo dks o"kZ 2011 ds 35 çfr'kr ls c<+kdj 65 çfr'kr vkSj o"kZ 2020 rd 'kr çfr'kr djus dh ;kstuk gSA o"kZ 2020 rd 60 djksM+ czkMcSaM dusD'ku nsus dk y{; Hkh j[kk x;k gSA elkSns esa o"kZ 2014 rd ns'k dh lHkh xzke iapk;rksa dks vkfIVdy Qkbcj ds ek/;e ls mPp xfr okys czkMcSaM ls tksM+us dk Hkh y{; gSA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr ds elkSns esa LisDVªe ls tqM+s elyksa ds fy, vyx LisDVªe vf/kfu;e cukus vkSj Vsyhdke {ks= dks <kapkxr m|ksx dh Js.kh esa ykus dh flQkfj'k Hkh dh xbZ gSA lkFk gh elkSns esa ,d gh usVodZ ij ok;l MkVk]eYVhehfM;k rFkk çlkj.k lsok,a miyC/k djkus dk Hkh çLrko gSA dsaæh; nwjlapkj ea=ky; ds vuqlkj ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr esa eq[; mís'; jktLo vftZr djuk ugha gS cfYd blesa o"kZ 2020 rd ns'k ds xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa 'kr&çfr'kr nwjlapkj ?kuRo gkfly djus vkSj ns'k Hkj esa ekax ij czkMcSaM miyC/k djkus dk y{; j[kk x;k gSA lkFk gh blesa eksckby Qksu]mUur lsokvksa okys fle dkMZ ds fuekZ.k lfgr lHkh çdkj ds ?kjsyw nwjlapkj midj.kksa ds fuekZ.k dks ns'k esa çkFkfedrk fn, tkus ds lkFk gh o"kZ 2020 rd ?kjsyw nwjlapkj {ks= dh 80 çfr'kr ekax ?kjsyw mRiknksa ls iwjk djus dk çLrko fd;k x;k gSA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr ds elkSns esa VsfydkWe LisDVªe vkcaVu dks ykblsal ls vyx fd, tkus vkSj bls cktkj }kjk fu/kkZfjr ewY;ksa ij miyC/k djk;s tkus dh flQkfj'k dh xbZA lkFk gh nwjlapkj ifj;kstukvksa ds fy, /ku miyC/k djkus vkSj fuos'k dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, elkSns esa nwjlapkj Qkbusl fuxe cukus dk çLrko Hkh a fd;k x;kA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 114 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 21. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr&2011% ew[; ckewn v eksckby jksfeax 'kqYd lekIr djus dk çLrko v ns'k Hkj esa lfdZy ds ckgj Hkh eksckby uacj iksVsZfcfyVh lqfo/kk v iwjs ns'k ds fy, ,d nwjlapkj ykblsal v LisDVªe ls tqM+s elyksa ds fy, vyx LisDVªe vf/kfu;e dh flQkfj'k v VsyhdkWe {ks= dks baÝkLVªDpj m|ksx dh Js.kh esa yk, tkus dk çLrko v Hkfo"; esa LisDVªe vkoaVu flQZ cktkj nj ij v LisDVªe vkoaVu dks ykblsal ls vyx djus dk çLrko Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk 19 okf.kfT;d cSadksa ij n.M yxk;k Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us cSaddkjh fofu;eu vf/kfu;e 1949 ¼lgdkjh lfefr;ksa ij ;Fkkykxw½ dh /kkjk 46¼4½ ds lkFk ifBr /kkjk 47 ,¼1½¼ch½ ds çko/kkuksa ds varxZr çnÙkh vf/kdkjksa dk çR;k;kstu djrs gq, fuEukfyf[kr 19 okf.kfT;d cSadksa ij n.M yxk;kA O;q~RiUuh ds laca/k esa tSls fd mRiknksa dh mi;qärk ds laca/k esa mfpr lko/kkuh ugha cjruk] tksf[ke çca/k uhfr ugha j[kus okys mi;ksxdrkZvksa dks O;qfRiUuh mRikn cspuk rFkk fiNys dk;Zfu"iknu ekxZ ds varxZr vUrfuZfgr vkSj ik= lhekvksa dh varfuZfgr/i;kZIrrk dk lR;kiu ugha djus ds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk tkjh fofHkUu vuqns'kksa ds mYyad?ku ds dkj.k bu cSadksa ij n.M yxk;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us bu cSad dks dkj.k crkvks uksfVl tkjh fd;k Fkk] ftlds tokc esa cSad us fyf[kr mÙkj çsf"kr fd;kA ekeys ds rF;ksa rFkk bl laca/k esa cSad ls çkIrS mÙkj ij fopkj djus rFkk bl ekeys esa O;fäxr lquokbZ ds nkSjku ekSf[kd çLrqrhdj.k ds ckn fjtoZ cSad us ik;k fd mä mYya?ku lkfcr gks x, gSa vkSj n.M yxk;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us ,fDll cSad] ckdZyst] ,pMh,Qlh cSad] vkbZlhvkbZlhvkbZ cSad] dksVd efgUæk vkSj ;l cSad ij 15&15 yk[k #i,] flVhcSad] ch,uih ifjck] ,lchvkbZ] ØsfMV ,fxzdksyAlhvkbZch] MsoyiesaV ØsfMV cSad] vkbZ,uth oS'; cSad] vkjch,l vkSj LVSaMZM pkVZMZ cSad ij 10&10 yk[k #i, rFkk cSad vkQ vesfjdk] Mhch,l cSad] Mîw'k cSad] ,p,lchlh vkSj tsih ekxZu pst cSad ij 5&5 yk[k #i, tqekZuk yxk;kA foÙkea=ky; us ,yvkbZlh dks dj eqä ckaM tkjh djus dh eatwjh çnku dh foÙkea=ky; us vkbZ,QlhvkbZ] ,yvkbZlh] vkbZvkbZ,Qlh,y vkSj dqN ,uch,Qlh dks foÙko"kZ 2011&12 ds nkSjku dj cpkus okys ckaM tkjh djus dh vuqefr 19 flracj 2011dks çnku dhA bldk mís'; <kapkxr {ks= ds fy, nh?kZdkyhu fuos'k vkdf"kZr djuk gSA foÙko"kZ 2011&12 ds nkSjku bu daifu;ksa ds vykok fjtoZ cSad }kjk <kapkxr foÙk daiuh ds rkSj ij oxhZ—r xSj cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ka Hkh dj cpr okys ckaM tkjh dj /ku tqVk ldsxhA a fofnr gks fd foÙko"kZ 2010&11 esa ljdkj us <kapkxr {ks= ds fodkl ds fy, cpr jkf'k yxkus ds mís'; ls nh?kZdkyhu dj cpr ckaM dh vo/kkj.kk is'k dh FkhA blds rgr] nh?kZdkyhu <kapkxr ckaMksa esa 20000 #i, rd ds fuos'k ij dj esa NwV nh xbZA dsaæ ljdkj us cká okf.kfT;d m/kkjh ds fy, phu dh eqæk ;qvku dks Lohdk;Z djsalh ekuk foÙk ea=ky; ds vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh mPp Lrjh; cSBd esa 15 flracj 2011 dks cká okf.kfT;d m/kkjh ds rgr phu dh eqæk ;qvku dks Lohdk;Z djslh ekukA dsæ ljdkj ds bl fu.kZ; ds a a vuqlkj daifu;ksa dks cká okf.kfT;d m/kkjh ds rgr ,d vjc vesfjdh MkWyj ds cjkcj dh jkf'k phu dh eqæk ;qvku ds :i esa ysus dh vuqefr nhA dsæ ljdkj ds cká okf.kfT;d m/kkjh ds u, a fu;e ls Hkkjrh; daifu;ksa dks phu ds lkFk dkjksckj c<+kus esa enn fey ldrh gSA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk ;g igyh ckj gS tc phu dh eqæk ;qvku dks cká okf.kfT;d m/kkjh gsrq Lohdk;Z djsalh ekuk x;kA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 115 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 22. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books flDdk fuekZ.k fo/ks;d&2009 jkT;lHkk esa ikfjr] flDdksa dksbZ mYys[k ugha gksrk gS] tcfd ubZ O;oLFkk esa bldk mYys[k vfuok;Z gks tkuk gSA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ ds vuqlkj u, ls udn Hkqxrku dh vf/kdre lhek 1000 #i;s flDdk fuekZ.k fo/ks;d&2009 jkT;lHkk esa 11 vxLr 2011 dks ikfjr fd;k x;kA bl fo/ks;d ds vuqlkj ,d ckj esa flDdksa ds tfj, fd, tkus okys udn Hkqxrku ds fy, ,d gtkj #i;s dh vf/kdre lhek r; dh xbZA flDdk fuekZ.k fo/ks;d&2009 ds jkT;lHkk esa ikfjr gksus ls 1000 #i;s ds flDds ds fuekZ.k dk jkLrk lkQ gks x;kA gkykafd foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us 1000 #i;s ds flDds ds fuekZ.k ds fy, dksbZ le;&lhek ugha r; dhA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us foÙk ea=ky; ls foÙkh; ysu&nsu esa lqfo/kk ds eísutj ,d ckj esa flDdksa ds tfj, fd, tkus okys udn Hkqxrku ds fy, ,d gtkj #i;s dh vf/kdre lhek r; djus dh flQkfj'k dh FkhA flDdk ls lacaf/kr orZeku dkuwu ds vuqlkj vxj dksbZ O;fä fdruh Hkh cM+h jde dk Hkqxrku flDdksa esa djuk pkgs rks dksbZ mls ysus ls badkj ugha dj ldrk gSA jkT;lHkk esa ikfjr flDdk fuekZ.k fo/ks;d&2009 esa ;g çko/kku Hkh fd;k x;k gS fd vxj fdlh us flDdksa dks xSj dkuwuh :i ls xyk;k rks mls lkr lky rd dh dSn dh ltk nh tk ldrh gSA yksdlHkk bls ekpZ 2011 esa gh ikfjr dj pqdh gS dsaæ ljdkj }kjk jkT;ksa dks ,Øqvy vk/kkfjr foÙkh; fjiksfVaZx gsrq fn'kk&funsZ'k tkjh jkT;ksa ds fglkc&fdrkc ds ekStwnk rjhds esa cnyko ds fy, 21 twu 2011 dks cqykbZ xbZ jkT;ksa ds foÙk eaf=;ksa dh cSBd esa foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ }kjk ,Øqvy vk/kkfjr foÙkh; fjiksfVaZx gsrq fn'kk&funsZ'k tkjh fd;k x;kA KkrO; gks fd orZeku esa jkT;ksa dk [kkrk&cgh j[kus dk rjhdk udnh vk/kkfjr gksrk gSA ;kuh ftl en esa iSlk feyrk gS vkSj tgka [kpZ gksrk gS mldk mYys[k gksrk gSA ,Øqvy vk/kkfjr foÙkh; fjiksfVaZx esa jkT;ksa dks Hkfo"; dh nsunkfj;ksa vkSj mu ij iM+us okys cks> dk Hkh foLrkj ls mYys[k djuk 'kkfey gSA mngkj.k ds rkSj ij orZeku O;oLFkk esa jkT;ksa ds foÙkh; [kkrksa esa vkxkeh o"kksZ esa isa'ku en esa gksus okys [kpZ dk rjhds dks viukuk vklku ugha gS] ijarq blds ykxw gksus ls dbZ foÙkh; o vkfFkZd Qk;ns gks ldrs gSaA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us jkT;ksa ds foÙk eaf=;ksa dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, ;g crk;k fd ubZ ,Øqvy vk/kkfjr vdkmafVax O;oLFkk blfy, Hkh t:jh gks xbZ gS D;ksafd vc fons'kh ljdkjsa o varjjk"Vªh; ,tsafl;ka foÙkh; enn nsus ds fy, bldh 'krZ j[kus yxh gSaA Hkkjr ds fu;a=d o egkys[kk ijh{kd fouksn jk; ds vuqlkj lHkh jkT;ksa esa ,Øqvy vk/kkfjr vdkmafVax O;oLFkk ykxw djus esa ikap ls Ng o"kZ dk le; yx ldrk gSA ubZ O;oLFkk ds fn'kkfunsZ'k dks Hkkjr ds fu;a=d o egkys[kk ijh{kd us gh rS;kj fd;k gSA ubZ O;oLFkk dks viukus ds fy, 21 jkT;ksa us viuh eatwjh nh gSA Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad }kjk ,lchvkbZ yqHkkouh vkokl _.k ;kstuk vkSj ,lchvkbZ ljy vkokl _.k ;kstuk okil Hkkjr ds lcls cM+s cSad Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad us viuh ,lchvkbZ yqHkkouh vkokl _.k ;kstuk vkSj ,lchvkbZ ljy vkokl _.k ;kstuk dks okil ysus dk fu.kZ; 20 vçSy 2011 dks fy;kA bldk dkj.k Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk bl ;kstuk dh vykspuk fd;k tkuk FkkA ;g fu.kZ; 1 ebZ 2011 ls çHkkoh gksuk gSA ,lchvkbZ bZth gkse yksu vkSj ,lchvkbZ ,MokaVst gkse yksu ;kstuk dk LFkku ,lchvkbZ dh ¶yksfVax C;kt njksa dh ;kstuk us fy;kA fofnr gks fd Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad us ,lchvkbZ bZth gkse yksu vkSj ,lchvkbZ ,MokaVst gkse yksu ;kstuk vFkkZr yqHkkouh C;kt njksa okyh vkokl _.k ;kstuk dk çkjEHk vxLr 2009 esa dh FkhA bl ;kstuk ds rgr ,lchvkbZ igys rhu o"kZ ds 8A5 çfr'kr ds C;kt ij vkokl _.k dh is'kd'k dh pkS/kjh ds ,lchvkbZ ds v/;{k in Hkkj xzg.k djus ds ds vanj gh ,lchvkbZ us bl ;kstuk dks okil ysus fy;kA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: fy, 8 ls FkhA çrhi ,d eghus dk fu.kZ; 116 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 23. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books Hkkjr ds lcls cM+s cSad Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad }kjk ¶yksfVax C;kt njksa dh ;kstuk uke ls ,d ubZ ;kstuk ykap ns'k ds lcls cM+s cSad Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad us ¶yksfVax C;kt njksa dh ;kstuk uked ,d ubZ ;kstuk ykap dhA bl ;kstuk dks vxLr 2009 ls çkjEHk ,lchvkbZ bZth gkse yksu vkSj ,lchvkbZ ,MokaVst gkse yksu ;kstuk ds LFkku ij 20 vçSy 2011 dks ykap fd;k x;kA ¶yksfVax C;kt njksa dh ;kstuk ds varxZr 30 yk[k #i, ds Åij rd ds _.k ij C;kt nj 9-50 çfr'kr] 31 yk[k #i, ls 75 yk[k #i, rd ds _.k ij C;kt nj 9.75 çfr'kr vkSj 75 yk[k ds Åij dh jkf'k ij C;kt nj 10.25 çfr'kr ns; gSA blh ;kstuk ds lkFk ,lchvkbZ us ,lchvkbZ ,MokaVst dkj yksu ;kstuk dh Hkh 'kq#vkr dhA blds rgr cSad vf/kdre 7 o"kksaZ ds fy, 10.75 çfr'kr C;kt nj ij _.k nsxhA nwjlapkj fu;ked VªkbZ }kjk 100 ,l,e,l dh lhek c<+kdj 200 ,l,e,l çfr fnu çfr fle Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj fofu;ked çkf/kdj.k us eksckby miHkksäk dks 200 ,l,e,l çfr fnu çfr fle djus dh lhek r; dhA 1 uoacj 2011 dks nwjlapkj fu;ked VªkbZ us blls lacaf/kr ldqyj tkjh fd;k vkSj ,l,e,l dh ubZ lhek ykxw gks xbZA Z Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj fofu;ked çkf/kdj.k us VsyhekdsZfVax daifu;ksa }kjk Hksts tkus okys ,l,e,l dks jksdus ds fy, xSj&okf.kfT;d ,l,e,l dh lhek 27 flracj 2011 dks r; dh Fkh] ftlds rgr 100 ,l,e,l çfr fnu çfr fle fu/kkZfjr lhek FkhA VªkbZ us dqN eksckby lsok çnkrk daifu;ksa vkSj miHkksäkvksa }kjk 100 ,l,e,l çfr fnu çfr fle dh lhek c<+kus dh vihy ds ckn bls c<+kdj 200 ,l,e,l çfr fnu çfr fle djus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA fuos'kdksa ds fy, Hkkjr dh fLFkfr csgrj] oSf'od jsfVax ,tsalh fQp }kjk nh?kZdkfyd chchch jsfVax vkfFkZd lqLrh laca/kh vk'kadkvksa dks njfdukj djrs gq, oSf'od jsfVax ,tsalh fQp us fuos'kdksa ds fygkt ls Hkkjr dks csgrj ns'k crk;kA fQp us o"kZ 2011&12 esa Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd o`f) 7.7 Qhlnh dh nj ls c<+us dk vuqeku trk;kA lkFk gh ns'k dks fLFkj ifj–'; ds lkFk nh?kZdkfyd chchch jsfVax 21 twu 2011 dks nhA KkrO; gks fd chchch jsfVax nwljs ns'kksa ds eqdkcys fuos'kdksa ds fy, gYds [krjs dks bafxr djrh gSA gkykafd oSf'od jsfVax ,tsalh fQp us lko/kku djrs gq, crk;k fd ifjLFkfr;ksa esa ifjorZu ;k vkfFkZd ifj–'; esa cnyko ls le; lhek ds Hkhrj ljdkj dh dtZ pqdkus dh {kerk çHkkfor gks ldrh gSA ebZ 2011 ds var rd Hkkjr dk fons'kh eqæk HkaMkj 313.5 vjc MkWyj FkkA blds vykok oSf'od jsfVax ,tsalh fQp us o"kZ 2010&11 esa pkyw [kkrk ?kkVk ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ¼thMhih½ dk 2.6 çfr'kr jgus dk vuqeku Hkh yxk;k] ftlls vkfFkZd fodkl ds ekStwnk pj.k esa dksbZ egRoiw.kZ [krjk ugha crk;k x;kA ,tsalh us pkyw foÙk o"kZ esa dsæ ljdkj dk jktdks"kh; ?kkVk thMhih dk 4.6 a çfr'kr jgus dk vuqeku trk;k gSA xqe ,Vh,e dkMZ dks ,l,e,l ls can djokus dh flQkfj'k Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk cSadksa esa xzkgd lsok,a lq/kkjus ds fy, lsch ds iwoZ ps;jeSu ,e nkeksnju dh v/;{krk esa cukbZ xbZ lfefr us xqe ,Vh,e dkMZ dks ,l,e,l ls can djokus dh flQkfj'k dh gSA blds lkFk gh lfefr us ysunsu esa uqdlku] cSad tekvksa dk chek c<+kus tSlh xzkgd lsokvksa ds fy, Hkh lq>ko 3 tqykbZ 2011 dks fn,A KkrO; gks fd xzkgdksa dks ,Vh,e dkMZ xqe gksus ij cSad esa Qksu djuk gksrk gSA blds ckn Hkh dkMZ can gksus esa dbZ ?kaVs yx tkrs gSaA blfy, lfefr us lq>ko fn;k gS xqe gq, ;k pksjh x, dkMZ dks flQZ ,d ,l,e,l ds tfj;s rqjar can ¼CykWd½ djus dh lqfo/kk nh tk,A lkFk gh lHkh cSadksa ds fy, ,d gh fu'kqYd ¼VksyÝh½ Qksu uacj 'kq: djus dk çLrko fd;k x;k gSA blh ds lkFk lfefr us Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dks cSad tekvksa ij ches dh jkf'k dks ,d yk[k ls c<+kdj ikap yk[k #i;s djus dk çLrko fd;k gSA fjiksVZ esa ;g Hkh çLrkfor fd;k x;k gS fd cSad Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 117 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 24. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books dh rjQ ls dksbZ pwd gksus dh fLFkfr esa çR;sd [kkrk/kkjd dks ekStwnk fu;eksa ds rgr miyC/k ,d yk[k #i;s dh xkjaVh dks c<+kdj ikap yk[k #i;s fd;k tkuk pkfg,A nkeksnju lfefr ds vuqlkj yksxksa dh vk; esa c<+ksrjh ds ckn cSadksa esa O;fäxr tekvksa dk vkdkj c<+k gSA ,sls esa ,d yk[k #i;s dh orZeku chek lhek mi;qä ugha gSA chek doj c<+kus ls vke yksx viuh T;knk ls T;knk jkf'k cSadksa esa j[kus dks çksRlkfgr gksaxsA lsch ds iwoZ ps;jeSu ,e nkeksnju dh v/;{krk esa bl lfefr dk xBu o"kZ 2010 esa fd;k x;k Fkk vkaxuokM+h dk;ZdrkZvksa vkSj lgk;dksa ds ekuns; esa o`f) vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMy lfefr ¼lhlhbZ,½ us lesfdr cky fodkl ;kstuk ¼vkbZlhMh,l½ ds varxZr vkaxuokM+h dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, ekuns; 1500 :i, çfrekg ls c<+kdj 3000 :i, vkSj vkaxuokM+h lgk;dksa vkSj feuh&,MCywlh dk ekuns; 750 :i, ls c<+kdj 1500 :i, djus dks eatwjh çnku dhA lhlhbZ, us efgyk vkSj cky fodkl ea=ky; }kjk ifjpkyu laca/kh :ikUrj.k djus dh Hkh eatwjh nhA jk"Vªh; y?kq cpr fuf/k dh O;kid leh{kk fjiksVZ jk"Vªh; y?kq cpr fuf/k ¼,u,l,l,Q½ dh O;kid leh{kk ds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dh fMIVh xouZj ';keyk xksihukFk ds usr`Ro esa xfBr lfefr us viuh fjiksVZ dsæh; foÙkea=h ç.ko a eq[kthZ dks 8 twu 2011 dks lkSai nhA lfefr us viuh fjiksVZ esa fuEufyf[kr flQkfj'ksa dhA v lfefr us lHkh y?kq cpr ;kstukvksa] mu ij ns; C;kt] mudh ifjiDork vof/k ,oa vU; igyqvksa dh tkap dhA v fdlku fodkl i= dks jksdus ,oa vU; ;kstukvksa esa ls dqN esa mfpr la'kks/ku djds mUgsa tkjh j[kukA v ekfld vk; ;kstuk ,oa jk"Vªh; cpr çek.k&i= dh ifjiDork vof/k 6 o"kZ ls ?kVkdj 5 o"kZ djukA o"kZ dh ,u,llh ;kstuk 'kq: djus vkSj Mkd?kj cpr [kkrs ij C;kt njsa 3A5 çfr'kr ls c<+dj 4 çfr'kr djukA v 10 v dsUæ ljdkj dh çfrHkwfr;ksa esa y?kq cpr olwyh ds vko';d ?kVd 80 çfr'kr dks ?kVkdj 50 çfr'kr djus vkSj vko';drkuqlkj vU; jkT;ksa dks fn, x, _.k dh orZeku vof/k 25 o"kZ dks ?kVkdj 10 o"kZ djukA lhlhbZ, }kjk ;g eatwjh 30 twu 2011 dks nh xbZA blds fy, çfro"kZ vfrfjä 3479.83 djksM :i, dh t:jr gSA ljdkj dh nsunkjh djhc 3131.85 djksM+ :i, gksxhA c<+k gqvk ekuns; 1 vçSy 2011 ls ykxw gqvkA bl fu.kZ; ls 11.71 yk[k vkaxuokM+h dk;ZdrkZ ykHkkfUor gq,A vkaxuokM+h dk;ZdrkZ vkbZlhMh,l ;kstuk ds varxZr cPpksa dh ns[kHkky vkSj fodkl esa çeq[k Hkwfedk fuHkk jgs gSaA fofnr gks fd bl lfefr dk xBu ;kstukvksa esa ikjnf'kZrk cktkj ls tqM+h njsa ,oa cgqr vko';d lq/kkjksa dks ykus ds mís'; ls ,u,l,l,Q dh :ijs[kk ,oa ç'kklu ds lHkh igyqvksa dh tkap ds laca/k esa 13osa foÙk vk;ksx dh flQkfj'kksa dks fl)kar :i esa Lohdkj djus ds ckn fd;k x;k FkkA vkaxuokM+h lgk;d cPpksa vkSj ekrkvksa dks iks"k.k laca/kh lgk;rk ds vykok ih,plh LVkQ dks Vhdkdj.k] LokLF; tkap] tUe ls igys vkSj tUe ds ckn tkap vkSj vukSipkfjd Ldwy iwoZ xfrfof/k;ksa esa lg;ksx djrs gSA cPpksa dh ns[kHkky vkSj fodkl ds fy, vkbZlhMh,l ,d jk"VªO;kih dk;ZØe gSA blls Ng o"kZ ls de mez ds cPps] xHkZorh vkSj Lruiku djkus okyh ekrk,a ykHkkfUor gksrh gSaA lfefr dk dk;Z ,u,l,l,Q ls dsUæ ,oa jkT;ksa dks fn, x, _.kksa dh orZeku 'krksaZ ds ewY;kadu] y?kq cpr dh dqy olwyh dks dsUæ ,oa jkT;ksa dks m/kkj nsus dh O;oLFkk esa visf{kr ifjorZuksa dh flQkfj'k djuk] y?kq cpr ls çkIr dqy jkf'k ds fuos'k ds vU; laHkkfor voljksa dh leh{kk] jkT;ksa ,oa dsUæ dks fn, ,u,l,l,Q _.kksa ds iquHkqZxrku dh çfØ;kvksa vkSj jkT;ksa }kjk y?kq cprksa ds fuos'kksa ij fn, x, çksRlkguksa dh leh{kk djuh FkhA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 118 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 25. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books ch,l,u,y] ,eVh,u,y o vkbVhvkb ds foy; dh flQkfj'k lkoZtfud {ks= dh rhu nwjlapkj daifu;ksa Hkkjr lapkj fuxe fyfeVsM ¼BSNL½] egkuxj VsyhQksu fuxe fyfeVsM ¼MTNL½ vkSj vkbVhvkb fyfeVsM ds foy; dh flQkfj'k lkoZtfud miØe iquxZBu cksMZ ¼BRPSE: chvkjih,lbZ: Board for Reconstruction of Public Sector Enterprises½ }kjk dh xbZA dsæ ljdkj }kjk chvkjih,lbZ dks foÙkh; ladV ls tw> jgh a ljdkjh daifu;ksa dks ijke'kZ nsus ds fy, xfBr fd;k x;k gSA lkoZtfud miØe iquxZBu cksMZ us viuh flQkfj'k esa crk;k fd vkbVhvkb fyfeVsM dk ch,l,u,y esa foy; fd;k tk, ;k fQj og bldk vf/kxzg.k dj ysA blls vkbVhvkb fyfeVsM dks foÙkh; ladV ls mckjk tk ldrk gSA lkFk gh chvkjih,lbZ us viuh flQkfj'k esa ;g Hkh crk;k fd ,eVh,u,y ds fy, ch,l,u,y ls ,d vyx bdkbZ ds rkSj ij dke djuk foÙkh; :i ls ykHknk;d ugha gSA D;ksafd ch,l,u,y ns'k ds 22 nwjlapkj lfdZyksa esa ls 20 lfdZyksa esa nwjlapkj vkSj egkuxj VsyhQksu fuxe fyfeVsM ¼MTNL½ flQZ fnYyh o eqcbZ esa nwjlapkj lsok a çnku djus okyh lkoZtfud nwjlapkj daiuh gSA tcfd vkbVhvkb fyfeVsM nwjlapkj midj.k fuekZrk daiuh gSA KkrO; gks fd rhuksa daifu;ka ?kkVs esa gSaA foÙk o"kZ 2009&10 ds nkSjku ,eVh,u,y dks 3781 djksM+ #i;s dh vk; ij 2611 djksM+ #i;s dk 'kq) uqdlku gqvk FkkA tcfd blh nkSjku vkbVhvkb dks 4596 djksM+ ds jktLo ij 459 djksM+ #i;s dk 'kq) ?kkVk gqvk FkkA ch,l,u,y dks foÙk o"kZ 2009&10 ds nkSjku 31738 djksM+ #i;s dh vkenuh ij 2725 djksM+ #i;s dk 'kq) uqdlku gqvk FkkA flracj 2011 dks fy;k x;kA KkrO; gks fd ou o i;kZoj.k ea=ky; dh xks vkSj uks&xks fu;e ij lq>ko nsus ds fy, chds prqosZnh lfefr xfBr dh xbZ FkhA 20 foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ dh v/;{krk esa gqbZ eaf=lewg dh cSBd esa dks;yk ea=h Jhçdk'k tk;loky] x`g ea=h ih fpancje] ou o laj{k.k vf/kfu;e] 1980 ds rgr vuqefr çnku djuk gSA xks ¼[kuu ;ksX;½ vkSj uks&xks ¼tgka [kuu dh eukgh gS½ dh ifjHkk"kk ykus ls igys Hkh blh rjhds ls dks;yk [kuu dh eatwjh nh tkrh FkhA Hkkjr esa dqy 602 dks;yk CykWd gSaA xks vkSj uks&xks fu;e lekIr gksus ls ns'k ds 203 dks;yk CykWdksa esa [kuu dk jkLrk [kqy x;kA ;s CykWd ou o i;kZoj.k ea=ky; dh uks&xks ifjHkk"kk esa vkrs Fks] ftldh otg ls buesa [kuu dks çfrcaf/kr dj fn;k x;k FkkA buesa ls 193 CykWd lhesV] bLikr] fcty] Likat vk;ju a lfgr vU; {ks= dh ifj;kstukvksa ls lacaf/kr gSaA iwoZ ou o i;kZoj.k ea=h t;jke jes'k ds dk;Zdky esa ea=ky; us o"kZ 2010 esa ,d vf/klwpuk tkjh dj lHkh dks;yk Cykdksa dks xks vkSj uks&xks dh Js.kh esa ckaV fn;k FkkA xqM+xkao fLFkr Vsjh ifjlj esa Hkkjr ds çFke v{k; ÅtkZ vk/kkfjr LekVZ feuh fxzM flLVe 'kq: dsaæ ljdkj }kjk xks vkSj uks&xks fu;e lekIr djus dk fu.kZ; gfj;k.kk ds xqM+xkao Xoky igkM+h fLFkr Vsjh ¼fn ,uthZ ,aM fjlksflZt baLVhV;wV½ ifjlj esa 1 tqykbZ 2011 dks Hkkjr ds igys v{k; ÅtkZ vk/kkfjr LekVZ feuh fxzM flLVe dk 'kqHkkjaHk fd;k x;kA dsæh; uohu ,oa v{k; ÅtkZ ea=h Qk:[k vCnqYyk ,oa a dsæh; ÅtkZ ea=h lq'khy dqekj f'kans us la;qä :i ls bldk a mn~?kkVu fd;kA v{k; ÅtkZ vk/kkfjr LekVZ feuh fxzM flLVe dks fodflr djus ds fy, Vsjh ds egkfuns'kd Mk vkjds ipkSjh dks dsæh; ea=h us c/kkbZ nhA a dsæ ljdkj us ou o i;kZoj.k ea=ky; }kjk vkS|ksfxd a ifj;kstukvksa dks ou o i;kZoj.k laca/kh eatwjh nsus gsrq cukbZ xbZ xks vkSj uks&xks fu;e dks lekIr djus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ dh v/;{krk esa gqbZ eaf=lewg dh cSBd esa ;g fu.kZ; KkrO; gks fd Hkkjr esa o"kZ 2022 rd 20]000 esxkokV lkSj ÅtkZ dk mRiknu djus dk y{; j[kk x;k gSA dsæh; ÅtkZ a ea=h f'kans ds vuqlkj ns'k esa ÅtkZ dh {kfr 25 çfr'kr ls Hkh vf/kd gSA dsæ ljdkj bls 15 çfr'kr ls de djus dh ;kstuk a Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 119 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 26. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books cuk jgh gSA tcfd tkiku] nf{k.k dksfj;k vkSj vesfjdk tSls ns'kksa esa fctyh forj.k ds {ks= esa uqdlku ek= 3 ls 4 çfr'kr gSA rsy ,oa çk—frd xSl fuxe }kjk isVªksusV ,y,uth fyfeVsM esa ,Mhch dh fgLlsnkjh [kjhnus dh eatwjh lkoZtfud {ks= dh daiuh rsy ,oa çk—frd xSl fuxe vkjchvkbZ us Lor% eatwj ekxZ ls daifu;ksa gsrq ,Qlhlhch fyfeVsM ¼ONGC: Oil And Natural Gas Corporation] ds }kjk /ku tqVkus dh okf"kZd lhek c<+kbZ Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us Lor% eatwj ekxZ ls daifu;ksa ds fy, fons'kh eqæk ifjorZuh; ckaM ¼,Qlhlhch½ ds }kjk /ku tqVkus dh okf"kZd lhek c<+kdj 75 djksM+ vesfjdh MkWyj dj nhA blls igys ;g lhek 50 djksM+ vesfjdh MkWyj FkhA ;g tkudkjh 6 tuojh 2012 dks nh xbZA bl ekxZ ls /ku tqVkus ds fy, iwoZ eatwjh dh t:jr ugha gksrhA blls u dsoy daifu;ka T;knk fons'kh QaM tqVk ldsxh] cfYd blls fons'kh fofue; dk çokg Hkh c<+xkA a s dqN fo'ks"k lsok {ks=ksa ;Fkk gksVy] vLirky vkSj lk¶Vos;j {ks= dh daifu;ka 20 djksM+ MkWyj dk ,Qlhlhch tqVk ldrh gSaA blds fy, 'krZ ;g gksxh fd os bl jkf'k dk bLrseky Hkwfe vf/kxzg.k ds fy, ugha djsxhA flracj 2011 esa Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us fons'kh a okf.kfT;d m/kkjh ¼bZlhch½ ds fu;eksa esa NwV nh FkhA vks,uthlh½ ds funs'kd eaMy }kjk isVªksusV ,y,uth fyfeVsM esa ,f'k;kbZ fodkl cSad dh fgLlsnkjh [kjhnus dh eatwjh 4 uoacj 2011 dks çnku dh xbZA KkrO; gks fd ,f'k;kbZ fodkl cSad ¼ADB: Asian Development Bank] ,Mhch½ us 23 vxLr 2011 dks isVªksusV dh viuh iwjh 5A2 Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh cspus dh is'kd'k dh FkhA lkoZtfud {ks= dh daifu;ka xsy bafM;k fyfeVsM] bafM;u vkW;y dkWiksZjs'ku fyfeVsM vkSj Hkkjr isVªksfy;e dkiksZjs'ku fyfeVsM ds cksMZ }kjk fgLlsnkjh [kjhnus dh ?kks"k.kk iwoZ esa gh dh tk pqdh gSA isVªksusV ,y,uth fyfeVsM esa lkoZtfud {ks= dh daifu;ksa xsy bafM;k fyfeVsM] bafM;u vkW;y dkWiksZjs'ku fyfeVsM vkSj Hkkjr isVªksfy;e dkiksZjs'ku fyfeVsM dk 12A5&12A5 Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh gSA czãiq= unh ds rVh; dVko jksdus laca/kh dk;Z dks ;kstuk vk;ksx dh Loh—fr ikap gtkj ls vf/kd vkcknh okys {ks=ksa esa lHkh cSadksa dks flracj 2012 rd 'kk[kk,a [kksyus dk funsZ'k ;kstuk vk;ksx us vle esa 69 fdyksehVj ¼Åywcsjh½ ls 78 fdyksehVj ¼cksjhxkao½ rd czãiq= cka/k laj{k.k ds fy, rVh; dVko dks jksdus laca/kh ;kstuk dh Loh—fr çnku dhA bl ifj;kstuk dh vuqekfur ykxr 2011 ds ewY; Lrj ij 8A3509 djksM+ #i, gSAbl çLrkfor ;kstuk dk mís'; czãiq= unh ds nf{k.kh rV ds 9000 ehVj fgLls ij rVh; dVko jksdus ds fy, mik; djuk gSA cSafdax lqfo/kkvksa ls oafpr ikap gtkj ls vf/kd vkcknh okys {ks=ksa esa futh lfgr lHkh cSadksa dks dsæ ljdkj }kjk flracj a 2012 rd 'kk[kk,a [kksyus dk funsZ'k fn;k x;kA foÙk ea=ky; dk ;g fn'kk&funsZ'k 7 uoacj 2011 dks tkjh fd;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us 18 jkT;ksa vkSj la?k 'kkflr çns'kksa esa ,sls 296 ftyksa dh igpku dh gS ftuesa cSafdax lqfo/kkvksa dh deh gSA bu 296 ftyksa esa cSafdax lqfo/kkvksa ls oafpr ikap gtkj ls vf/kd vkcknh okys {ks=ksa esa ubZ cSad 'kk[kk [kksyus esa deZpkjh dh la[;k de j[kus dh NwV nh xbZ gSA foÙk ea=ky; ds fn'kk&funsZ'k ds vuqlkj ,Vh,e lqfo/kk ds lkFk de ls de nks deZpkjh t:jh gSaA KkrO; gks fd foÙkh; lekos'kh ;kstuk ds rgr ekpZ 2012 rd ns'k ds 2000 ls vf/kd vkcknh okys xkaoksa dks cSafdax lsokvksa ls tksM+us dk y{; j[kk x;k gSA dsaæ ljdkj }kjk ,sls 73000 xkaoksa dh igpku dh xbZ gSA vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj Hkkjr ds Ng yk[k xkaoksa esa bl ifj;kstuk dks foÙko"kZ 2011&12 esa iwjk fd;k tkuk gSA tks 31 ekpZ 2012 dks lekIr gks jgh gSA bl ifj;kstuk dk dk;kZUo;u jkT; okf"kZd ;kstuk esa vuqeksfnr ifjO;; ds vk/kkj ij fd;k tk;sxkA jkT; ds foÙk foHkkx }kjk vuqeksfnr ykxr ls vf/kd dh jkf'k rc rd Loh—r ugha dh tk;sxh] tc rd bl laca/k esa la'kksf/kr ykxr dh eatwjh ugha nh tkrh gSA bl ;kstuk ls Ms<+ yk[k yksxksa ds ykHkkfUor gksus dh laHkkouk gS Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 120 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 27. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books ls dsoy ikap Qhlnh xkaoksa esa gh cSad 'kk[kk,a gSaA twu 2011 rd cSadksa us ,d yk[k lkr gtkj xkaoksa dks cSafdax lsokvksa ls tksM+ fn;k Fkk] tcfd ekpZ 2010 rd budh la[;k 54258 FkhA buesa ls 22870 xkaoksa dks iDdh 'kk[kkvksa ds tfj, tksM+k x;kA tcfd 84274 xkaoksa ds fy, cSafdax lg;ksxh ds tfj, cSafdax lsok,a igqapkbZ xbZA 460 xkao ,sls Hkh gSa tgka pyrs fQjrs okguksa vkSj nwljs mik;ksa ds tfj, cSafdax lsok,a miyC/k djkbZ tkrh gSaA gLrf'kYi] gFkdj?kk] dkyhu vkSj y?kq ,oa e/;e ntsZ ds fu;kZrdksa gsrq C;kt lfClMh dh vof/k c<+h Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us 11 vDVwcj 2011 dks gLrf'kYi] gFkdj?kk] dkyhu vkSj y?kq ,oa e/;e ntsZ ds fu;kZrdksa dks #i;s esa feyus okys dtZ ij nks çfr'kr C;kt lfClMh dh vof/k ,d o"kZ ds fy, c<+k nhA Je vk/kkfjr m|ksx ls tqM+s bu pkj {ks= ds fu;kZrdksa gsrq ;g ;kstuk 31 ekpZ 2012 rd ds fy, c<+k fn;k x;kA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us fu;kZrdksa dks #i;s esa feyus okys cSad dtZ ij nks çfr'kr C;kt lfClMh dh lqfo/kk 1 vçSy 2010 ls ,d o"kZ ds fy, nh FkhA bldh vof/k 31 ekpZ 2011 dks [kRe gks xbZ FkhA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us oSf'od eanh ls fu;kZr ij iM+us okys vlj dks de djus ds fy, ,oa varjjk"Vªh; cktkj esa mudh çfrLi/kkZRed {kerk dks cuk, j[kus gsrq bl ;kstuk dks le;&foLrkj fn;kA Hkkjrh; fu;kZrdksa ds laxBu QsM js 'ku vkWQ ba fM;u ,DliksV Z vkxZu kbts 'kal ¼ FIEO: Federation of Indian EÛport Organisations] fQ;ks½ us Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad ds bl dne dk Lokxr fd;k ij muds vuqlkj ;g lqfo/kk lHkh Je vk/kkfjr m|ksxksa dks feyuh pkfg,A I;kt fu;kZr ij ykxw çfrca/k dks gVk, tkus dk fu.kZ; dsaæ ljdkj us I;kt fu;kZr ij yxk çfrca/k 20 flracj 2011 dks gVk fy;kA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ dh v/;{krk esa vf/ kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg }kjk ;g fu.kZ; fy;k x;kA vf/kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg us vius fu.kZ; esa fu;kZr gksus okyh I;kt dk U;wure ewY; 475 MkWyj çfr Vu fu/kkZfjr fd;kA blds lkFk gh vf/ kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg us phuh dh LVkWd lhek dks nks eghus ds fy, vkSj c<+kus dk QSlyk fd;k] ;kuh uoacj 2011 esa phuh dh LVkWd lhek vkSj fu;kZr dk QSlyk fy;k tkuk gSA vf/kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg us pkoy dh LVkWd lhek fofHkUu jkT;ksa ls fopkj&foe'kZ dj vDVwcj 2011 esa r; dh tkuh gS] tcfd frygu vkSj nygu dh LVkWd lhek o"kZ 2012 rd c<+k nh xbZA vf/kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg us [kqys cktkj esa tkjh fd, tkus okys vukt dk ewY; de djus dk QSlyk fd;kA ;g vukt igys dh rjg U;wure leFkZu ewY; ¼,e,lih½ ij gh fn;k tkuk gS] ysfdu mRiknd jkT; ls miHkksäk jkT; dh jkt/kkuh rd dk <qykbZ [kpZ dsaæ ljdkj dks ogu djus ij lgefr cuhA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ dh v/;{krk esa vf/kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg us gh ukS flracj 2011 dks I;kt ds fu;kZr ij çfrca/k yxk;k FkkA KkrO; gks fd I;kt dh c<+rh dherksa vkSj blds fu;kZr ij dsæ ljdkj }kjk jksd ls egkjk"Vª esa I;kt mRiknd fdlkuksa dk a vkanksyu HkM+d x;k FkkA chek ikWfylh /kkjdksa dh f'kdk;rksa ds fuiVkjs gsrq vkWu ykbu iksVZy dh 'kq:vkr dsæ ljdkj us chek /kkjdksa dh f'kdk;rksa dks lqY>kus rFkk a muds fgrksa dh j{kk ds fy, lesfdr f'kdk;r çca/ku O;oLFkk uked vkWu ykbu iksVZy dh 'kq:vkr 6 twu 2011 dks dhA ,dh—r f'kdk;r çca/ku O;oLFkk ¼Integrated Grievance Management System, IGMS, vkbZth,e,l½ ds ek/;e ls chek /kkjdksa dks fuEufyf[kr ykHk gSaA v chek /kkjdksa dks 24 ?kaVs viuh ikWfylh ij utj j[kus dh lqfo/kkA v chek /kkjdksa dks lsok esa deh utj vkus ij lh/ks chek fu;ked vkSj fodkl çkf/kdj.k dks lwfpr djus dh lqfo/kkA v bl O;oLFkk ds ek/;e ls ;s Hkh irk py ik;sxk fd chek /kkjdksa dks dks fdl çdkj dh lsok pkfg,A Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 121 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 28. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v igys ls gh r; ekudksa ds vUrxZr xzkgdksa ls mudh f'kdk;rsa çkIr dj mUgsa mudk funku miyC/k djukA ØsfMV o MsfcV dkMZ }kjk fd, x, ysunsu dh tkudkjh bZesy ds tfj, nsus dk funsZ'k Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us {ks=h; xzkeh.k cSadksa lfgr lHkh vuqlwfpr okf.kT;d cSadksa vkSj lgdkjh cSadksa dks funsZ'k fn;k fd cSad }kjk xzkgdksa dks nh xbZ ØsfMV o MsfcV dkMZ ij ;fn dksbZ ysunsu gksrk gS rks bldh tkudkjh xzkgdksa dks rqjar bZey ds tfj, s nh tk,A Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk fn;k x;k ;g fn'kk&funsZ'k 30 twu 2011 ls ykxw fd;k tkuk gSA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us dkMZ pksjh gksus/dkMZ ds nq#i;ksx ds laca/k esa xzkgd lrdZrk ds fy, ;g fn'kk&funsZ'k 30 ekpZ 2011 dks tkjh fd;kA lkFk gh fjtoZ cSad dk ;g rdZ gS fd cSadksa }kjk bl rjg dh lqfo/kk eqgS;k djkus ls xzkgdksa esa ØsfMV vkSj MsfcV dkMZ ds T;knk bLrseky dks c<+kok feysxkA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad vius fn'kk&funsZ'k esa 18 Qjojh 2009 dks tkjh ldqyj dk Hkh gokyk fn;kA bl ldqyj esa cSadksa dks Z Z 5000 #i;s ;k blls vf/kd ds ysunsu ds ckjs esa dkMZ/kkjd dks lrdZ djus ds fy, dgk x;k FkkA ,elh,Dl ds vkjafHkd lkoZtfud fuxZe ds fooj.k elkSns dks eatwjh cktkj fu;ked Hkkjrh; çfrHkwfr vkSj fofue; cksMZ us çeq[k ftal ,Dlpsat ,elh,Dl ds vkjafHkd lkoZtfud fuxZe ds fy, fooj.k elkSns dks 12 flracj 2011 dks eatwjh nhA lsch }kjk nh xbZ eatwjh 12 eghus ds fy, oS/k jguh gSA eYVh deksfMVh ,Dlpsat us lsch ds ikl nl #i;s vafdr ewY; ds 6427378 bfDoVh 'ks;jksa ds vkjafHkd lkoZtfud fuxZe ds fy, nLrkost tek djk, FksA lsch dks nh xbZ ;g is'kd'k daiuh dh 12A60 çfr'kr bfDoVh iwath ds cjkcj gSA Hkkjrh; çfrHkwfr vkSj fofue; cksMZ us ,elh,Dl ds vkbihvks dks 'kr çfr'kr cqd fcfYMax çfØ;k ds tfj, ykus ij lgefr trkbZA blesa ls ik= laLFkkxr [kjhnkjksa dks dqy b';w dk 50 Qhlnh ls vf/kd vkoafVr ugha fd;k tkuk gS tcfd xSj laLFkkxr fuos'kdksa ds fy, 15 çfr'kr ls de 'ks;j gksaxs vkSj [kqnjk fuos'kdksa dks 35 çfr'kr 'ks;j tkjh fd, tk,axsA KkrO; gks fd Qkbusaf'k;y VsDuksykWtht] Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad] th,yth Qkbusfa 'k;y QaM~l] ,ysDtsaMj ekWjh'kl] dkWjiksjs'ku cSad] vkblhvkblhvkb yksEckMZ tujy ba';ksjsal daiuh vkSj cSad vkWQ cM+kSnk bl is'kd'k ds rgr vius 'ks;jksa dh fcØh djsxsA a ,elh,Dl dh çorZd Qkbusfa 'k;y VsDuksykWtht dh fgLlsnkjh bl vkbihvks ds ckn 31 Qhlnh ls ?kVdj 26 Qhlnh jg tk,xhA ;wfuV fyaDM isa'ku chek ikWfylh ij xkjaVh'kqnk fjVuZ ds ctk; cktkj vk/kkfjr fjVu:Z bjMk chek fofu;ked vkSj fodkl çkf/kdj.k us ;wfuV fyaDM isa'ku chek ikWfylh ij xkjaVh'kqnk fjVuZ ds ctk; cktkj vk/kkfjr fjVuZ nsus dk çi= 2 vxLr 2011 dks tkjh fd;kA chek fofu;ked vkSj fodkl çkf/kdj.k ds bl fu.kZ; ds mijkar ;wfuV fyaDM isa'ku chek ikWfylh ij lk<+s pkj Qhlnh dk xkjaVh'kqnk fjVuZ nsus dh ck/;rk [kRe gks xbZA bjMk }kjk ;wfuV fyaDM isa'ku chek ikWfylh ij cktkj vk/kkfjr fjVuZ çi= ds vuqlkj chek daifu;ksa dks isa'ku ikWfyfl;ksa esa xzkgd ls feys dqy çhfe;e ds cjkcj jkf'k dk fjVuZ lqfuf'pr djuk gksxkA blds lkFk gh chek daifu;ka ifjiDork vof/k ds ckn pkj ls Ng Qhlnh ds chp fjVuZ nsus dk le>kSrk xzkgd ds lkFk dj ldrh gSaA KkrO; gks fd flracj 2010 esa bjMk us ;wfuV fyaDM isa'ku chek ikWfylh ij lk<+s pkj Qhlnh dk xkjaVh'kqnk fjVuZ nsus dh ck/;rk cukbZ FkhA u, fu;e ds rgr vc ba';ksjsal daifu;ksa dks fuos'k ds csgrj ekSds miyC) gks ldsxsA a nwljs cSadks ds ,Vh,e dk bLrseky eghus esa dsoy ikap ckj] cdk;k jkf'k tkuuk Hkh 'kkfey cSafdax ysunsu lfgr xSj&foÙkh; tkudkjh ds fy, nwljs cSadksa ds ,Vh,e dk bLrseky çR;sd ekg flQZ ikap ckj fd;k tk ldrk gSA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dk ;g fn'kk&funsZ'k 1 tqykbZ 2011 ls Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 122 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 29. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books çHkkoh gks x;kA iSls dh fudklh ds vykok cdk, dh tkudkjh] feuh LVsVesV tSlh lqfo/kk Hkh blh ikap esa 'kkfey gSA lkFk gh ikap a ckj eq¶r ysunsu dh ;g lqfo/kk flQZ cpr [kkrk/kkjdksa dks gh feyuh gSA KkrO; gks fd vHkh rd xzkgd nwljs cSadksa ds ,Vh,e ls fcuk fdlh 'kqYd ds ikap ckj /ku fudky ldrs FksA ogha] cSysal baDok;jh] fiu cnyus vkSj feuh LVsVesV dh lqfo/kk dk vlhfer a ckj eq¶r bLrseky fd;k tk ldrk FkkA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad ds u, fn'kk&funsZ'k ds vuqlkj cSadksa dks xzkgdksa ds [kkrs ls xyrh ls dkVh xbZ jkf'k f'kdk;r ntZ gksus ds lkr fnu ds Hkhrj okil [kkrs esa Mkyuh gksxhA ,slk ugha djus okys cSad dks jkstkuk 100 #i;s ds fglkc ls xzkgd dks Hkqxrku djuk gksxkA gkykafd ;g fu;e rHkh ykxw gksxk] tc ysunsu dh frfFk ls 30 fnuksa ds Hkhrj f'kdk;r ntZ djk nh xbZ gksA lkFk gh cSad [kkrksa dk QthZ bLrseky jksdus ds edln ls vc cSadksa dks gj ysunsu ds fy, xzkgdksa dks ,l,e,l vkSj bZ&esy vyVZ Hkstuk gksxkA Mkd?kjksa dh ,evkbZ,l vkSj ihih,Q cpr ;kstukvksa esa C;kt dh nj 0A5 çfr'kr rd c<+h dsaæ ljdkj us cpr ;kstukvksa dks fuos'kdksa ds fy, vkd"kZd cukus ds mís'; ls Mkd?kjksa esa tek dh tkus okyh jkf'k ij C;kt dh nj 0.5 çfr'kr c<+k nhA ekfld vk; ;kstuk ¼,evkbZ,l½ vkSj yksd Hkfo"; fuf/k ¼ihih,Q½ tSlh yksdfç; cpr ;kstukvksa esa C;kt dh nj 0.5 çfr'kr rd c<+k nh xbZA bl c<ksÙkjh ds ckn ,evkbZ,l dh C;kt nj 8A5 çfr'kr tcfd ihih,Q dh C;kt nj 8.8 çfr'kr gks xbZA ,d vkSj nks o"kZ dh tek ;kstukvksa esa çR;sd ij C;kt nj esa 0.5 çfr'kr o`f) dj bls Øe'k% 8.2 vkSj 8.3 çfr'kr dj fn;k x;kA Mkd?kj dh rhu o"kZ dh lkof/k tek ij C;kt nj 8 ls c<+kdj 8.4 çfr'kr vkSj ikap o"kZ dh tek ij 8.3 çfr'kr ls 8.5 çfr'kr dj nh xbZA ikap o"kZ dh vko`fr tek ij vc 8 ds ctk; 8.4 çfr'kr dh nj ls C;kt feysxkA ofj"B ukxfjd cpr ;kstuk ij C;kt nj 9 ls c<+kdj 9.3 çfr'kr dj nh xbZ gSA ikap vkSj nl o"kZ ds jk"Vªh; cpr i= ¼,u,llh½ ij 8.6 çfr'kr ds ctk; 8.9 çfr'kr C;kt ns; gksxkA ikap o"kZ dh ekfld vk; ;kstuk esa Hkh C;kt nj 8.2 ls c<+kdj 8.5 çfr'kr dj nh xbZA xksihukFk lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa ds vuq:i dsæ ljdkj us a jk"Vªh; cpr ;kstuk ¼,u,llh½ esa nh?kkZof/k ds dks"k dks vkdf"kZr djus ds fy, bldh ifjiDork vof/k 10 lky dj nh gSA lkFk gh ihih,Q esa okf"kZd fuos'k lhek dks Hkh 70000 #i, ls c<+kdj ,d yk[k #i, dj fn;k x;kA Mkd ?kj cpr [kkrs ds pkj çfr'kr dh C;kt nj esa dksbZ cnyko ugha fd;k x;kA ubZ C;kt njsa ,d vçSy] 2012 ls ykxw gksaxh tks o"kZ 2012&13 ds fy, oS/k gksaxhA Mkd?kj }kjk lapkfyr bu y?kq cpr ;kstukvksa ij C;kt njksa esa o`f) ';keyk xksihukFk lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa ds vuq:i dh xbZ gSA lfefr us y?kq cprksa ij C;kt nj dks cktkj ds vuq:i j[kus dh flQkfj'k dh FkhA fnlacj 2011 esa C;kt njksa esa c<ksÙkjh dk fu.kZ; ';kekyk xksihukFk lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa ds vuq:i fd;k x;k FkkA lfefr us lq>ko fn;k Fkk fd y?kq cpr ;kstukvksa ij C;kt njksa dks cktkj ls lac) fd;k tk,A vkSj NksVh cpr ;kstukvksa esa okf"kZd vk/kkj ij la'kks/ku fd;k tk,A y?kq cpr ;kstukvksa esa la'kks/ku dk edln budks cSadksa dh lkof/k tek ¼,QMh½ ;kstukvksa dh rjg vkd"kZd cuk, j[kuk gSA ,uVhihlh dh 183 vjc dh fuos'k ;kstuk eatwj lkoZtfud {ks= dh fctyh mRiknd daiuh us'kuy FkeZy ikoj dkjiksjs'ku ¼,uVhihlh½ ds funs'kd eaMy us dukZVd vkSj e/; çns'k dh fctyh ifj;kstukvksa esa 183.4659 vjc #i, dh fuos'k ;kstuk dks eatwjh nhA bl jkf'k dk mi;ksx dukZVd esa 2400 esxkokV vkSj e/; çns'k esa 500 esxkokV dh fctyh ifj;kstukvksa esa fd;k tkuk gSA dukZVd dh dqMxh lqij FkeZy fctyh ifj;kstuk ij 151.6619 vjc #i, fuos'k fd;k tk,xkA ;gka 800&800 esxkokV dh rhu bdkb;ka LFkkfir dh tkuh gS] tcfd e/; çns'k dh foa/;kpy fctyh ifj;kstuk ds ikaposa pj.k ij 31.804 vjc #i, [kpZ fd, tkus gSaA nksuksa gh ifj;kstukvksa Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 123 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 30. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books dks i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; ls eatwjh feyuh ckdh gSA eatwjh dh tkudkjh 29 fnlacj 2011 dks nh xbZA nwjlapkj daifu;ksa ds chp Fkzhth jksfeax vuqca/k voS/k% nwjlapkj foHkkx nwjlapkj foHkkx us nwjlapkj daifu;ksa ds chp Fkzhth jksfeax ds vuqca/k dks 22 fnlacj 2011 dks voS/k djkj fn;kA MkWV us Fkzhth lsok,a nsus okys rhu eksckby vkWijsVjksa dks vius jksfeax vuqca/k [kRe djus dk vkns'k Hkh fn;kA blds lkFk gh rhuksa daifu;ksa Hkkjrh] oksMkQksu vkSj vkbfM;k dks nwjlapkj foHkkx }kjk nwljs lfdZyksa esa Fkzhth lsok,a rRdky çHkko ls can djus dk funsZ'k fn;k x;kA nwjlapkj foHkkx ds vuqlkj nwjlapkj daifu;ka ykblsal fu;eksa dk mYya?ku dj vU; vkWijsVjksa ds lkFk feydj jksfeax ds tfj, vius xzkgdksa dks Fkzhth lsok,a miyC/k djk jgh gSaA lkFk gh nwjlapkj daifu;ka mu lfdZyksa esa jksfeax vuqca/kksa ds tfj, Fkzhth lsok,a miyC/k djk jgh gSa] ftuds fy, mUgsa ykblsal gh ugha feyk gSA nwjlapkj foHkkx ds vuqlkj ,slk djuk Fkzhth ykblsal ds fu;eksa ds f[kykQ gSA KkrO; gks fd nwjlapkj daifu;ka Hkkjrh] oksMkQksu vkSj vkbfM;k us o"kZ 2010 esa Fkzhth ykblsal ysus ds ckn jksfeax vuqca/k fd;k FkkA vkil esa jksfeax vuqca/k djds ;s daifu;ka mu lfdZyksa esa Hkh vius xzkgdksa dks Fkzhth lsok,a nsus esa l{ke gks xbZ tgka lh/ks rkSj ij mudh mifLFkr ugha FkhA bu rhuksa daifu;ksa ds vykok VkVk VsyhlfoZlst vkSj ,;jlsy us Hkh Fkzhth lsok,a nsus ds fy, blh rjg dk jksfeax vuqca/k fd;k FkkA gkykafd ckn esa nksuksa daifu;ksa us bl djkj dks jí dj fn;k Fkk ,;j bafM;k }kjk Mªheykbuj cksbax 787 foekuksa dks yhtcSd O;oLFkk ds rgr ysus dk fu.kZ; ,;j bafM;k ds funs'kd eaMy dh cSBd esa Mªheykbuj cksbax 787 foekuksa dh lh/ks [kjhn ds ctk;s lsy ,aM yhtcSd O;oLFkk ds rgr ysus dk fu.kZ; 29 uoacj 2011 dks fy;k x;kA lsy ,aM yhtcSd O;oLFkk ds rgr Mªheykbuj cksbax 787 foekuksa dks lsok lekfIr ds mijkUr ykSVk;k tk ldrk gSA ,;j bafM;k ds fu.kZ; ds vuqlkj dqy 27 Mªheykbuj foekuksa esa ls 14 dh [kjhn lsy ,aM yhtcSd vuqca/k ds rgr fd;k tkuk gSA lsy ,aM yhtcSd O;oLFkk ds rgr bu foekuksa ds bLrseky ds ckotwn ,;j bafM;k dks budk LokfeRo ugha feysxkA Mªheykbuj cksbax 787 foeku o"kZ 2014 rd ,;j bafM;k dks feyus dh laHkkouk gSA ,;j bafM;k ds funs'kd eaMy dh cSBd esa cksbax 747&400 vkSj 777&200 ,yvkj dks yht ij nsus dk Hkh fu.kZ; fy;k x;kA vks,uthlh fons'k fyfeVsM us dtk[kLrku ds lrik;so rsy CykWd esa 25 Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh [kjhnh lkoZtfud {ks= dh rsy o xSl daiuh rsy vkSj çk—frd xSl fuxe ¼ ONGC: Oil and Natural Gas Corporation ] vks,uthlh½ dh lgk;d daiuh vks,uthlh fons'k fyfeVsM us dtk[kLrku ds lrik;so rsy CykWd esa 25 Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh [kjhnhA dsUæh; isVªksfy;e ea=ky; vkSj dtk[kLrku ds rsy o xSl ea=ky; ds e/; 12 vDVwcj 2011 dks ;g le>kSrk gqvkA KkrO; gks fd dtk[kLrku ljdkj }kjk igyh ckj bl çeq[k rsy CykWd esa fdlh fons'kh daiuh dks fgLlsnkjh nh xbZA iwoZ lksfo;r la?k x.kjkT; ds ns'kksa esa Hkkjrh; rsy o xSl daifu;ksa }kjk rsy CykWd gkfly djus esa ;g igyh lQyrk gSA blds lkFk gh rsy vkSj çk—frd xSl fuxe us fo;ruke dh jk"Vªh; rsy daiuh isVªksfo;urke ds lkFk j.kuhfr lg;ksx Hkh fd;kA Hkkjrh; jsyos ds çFke Mcy Msdj Vªsu ds fMtkbu dks lqj{kk eatwjh çnku Hkkjrh; jsyos ds eq[; jsyos laj{kk vk;qä us ns'k ds çFke Mcy Msdj Vªsu ds fMtkbu dks lqj{kk eatwjh 8 flracj 2011 dks çnku dhA gkykafd Mcy Msdj Vªsu ds fy, iwoZ esa r; vf/kdre j¶rkj lhek 160 fdyksehVj çfr ?kaVs ls ?kVk dj 110 fdyksehVj çfr ?kaVs dj fn;k x;kA gkoM+k&/kuckn] fnYyh&t;iqj ds chp Mcy Msdj Vªsu pykus dk çLrko gSA KkrO; gks fd Mcy Msdj Vªsuksa ds lapkyu dh ?kks"k.kk eerk cuthZ us jsyea=h ds in ij jgrs gq, dh FkhA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 124 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 31. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books diwjFkyk dksp QSDVªh dks budk fMtkbu rS;kj djus dh ftEesnkjh lkSaih xbZ FkhA vçSy 2010 esa diwjFkyk dksp QSDVªh us ns'k dk igyk Mcy Msdj Vªsu cukdj mls çnf'kZr fd;k FkkA Mcy Msdj Vªsu dh pkSMk+ bZ 3135 feyhehVj gS] tcfd lkekU; dksp 3245 feyhehVj pkSM+s gksrs gSaA cSBus dh lqfo/kk okys Mcy Msdj ds gj dksp esa 128 ;kf=;ksa ds cSBus dh txg gksxh tks buds nkseaftyk gksus ls laHko gqvk gSA Mcy Msdj Vªsu ds okrkuqdfw yr fMCcs LVsuysl LVhy ds cus gSa ftuesa de >Vdksa ds fy, ,;j fLçax yxk, x, gSaA nq?kZVuk dh fLFkfr esa blls de uqdlku gksxkA blds vykok buesa u, daVªksy fMLpktZ Vk;ysV fn, x, gSa ftlls mRltZu dh fudklh [kkl txgksa ij gh gks ldsxhA Mcy Msdj Vªsu ds ,d dksp dh ykxr yxHkx <kbZ djksM+ :i;s gSA Mcy Msdj Vªsu ds nksuksa vksj ,;j daMh'kfuax vkSj fctyh vkiwfrZ ds dksp yxsaxsA tcfd lkFk esa iSaVªh dkj dh O;oLFkk Hkh gksxhA ih,ebZ,lh }kjk tkjh vkfFkZd –f"Vdks.k ,d utj 2011&12 % ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn ¼ih,ebZ,lh½ ds v/ ;{k MkWA lh jaxjktu us vkfFkZd –f"Vdks.k 2011&12 ubZ fnYyh esa 1 vxLr 2011 dks tkjh fd;kA bl fjiksVZ ds eq[; fcanq fuEufyf[kr gSaA v o"kZ 2011&12 esa vkfFkZd fodkl v o"kZ 2010&11 esa —f"k fodkl dh o`f) nj 6.6 çfr'kr jghA o"kZ 2011&12 esa —f"k fodkl nj o`f) 3.0 çfr'kr dk y{; 8.2 10.0 v 8 A2 çfr'kr dh yf{kr fodkl nj fiNys o"kZ dh rqyuk esa de Fkh] ijarq orZeku ifjfLFkfr;ksa dks ns[krs gq, bls mPp fodkl nj ds rkSj ij Lohdkj fd;k tkuk pkfg,A v oSf'od vkfFkZd vkSj foÙkh; ifjfLFkfr esa lq/kkj dh laHkkouk deA v ukS çfr'kr dh fodkl nj çkIr djus ds fy, fLFkj fuos'k nj esa o`f) fd;k tkuk vko';dA v o"kZ o"kZ 2009&10 esa lsokvksa esa 9.4 çfr'kr dh nj ls fodkl gqvkA o"kZ 2011&12 esa blds fodkl dk y{; esa 36A3 çfr'kr vkSj o"kZ 2011&12 esa çfr'kr dh fuos'k nj dk vkdyuA v ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ds vuqikr esa ?kjsyw cpr nj o"kZ 201&11 esa 33.8 çfr'kr vkSj o"kZ 2011&12 esa 34.0 çfr'kr dk vkdyu FkkA v nh?kkZof/k vkSlr ds vuqeku ds vuqlkj o"kZ 2011 esa ekulwu ds 90 ls 96 dh ifjf/kesa jgus dh laHkkoukA ifj.kkeLo:i —f"k mRiknu {ks= dk fodkl rhu çfr'kr dh nj ls gksus dk vuqekuA v vkS|ksfxd mRiknu lwpdkad dh lehf{kr Ja[kyk ls mRiknu Lrj dk irk pyrk gS tks iqjkuh Ja[kyk dh rqyuk esa csgrj gSA v mRiknu fodkl dk iqjkuh Ja[kyk ds vuq:i foÙko"kZ 2007&08 esa vkdyu fd;k x;k Fkk tcfd foÙko"kZ 2008&09 vkSj foÙko"kZ 2009&10 esa vf/kd vkdyu fd;k x;k FkkA v vkS|ksfxd mRiknu ij oSf'od ladV dk cgqr çHkko iM+k ftldk ladsr iqjkuh Ja[kykvksa esa feyrk gSA v iqjkuh Ja[kykvksa }kjk 7.8 çfr'kr ds mRiknu fodkl dk ladsr feyrk Fkk] mldh rqyuk esa foÙko"kZ 2011 esa mRiknu fodkl nj 8.2 çfr'kr jgh tks vf/kd gSA v foÙko"kZ 2010&11 esa pkyw [kkrk ?kkVk ¼ldy ?kjsyw mRikin dk 2.6 çfr'kr½ 44A3 vjc MkWyj Fkk vkSj o"kZ 2010&11 esa vkS|ksfxd fodkl nj 7.9 çfr'kr jghA o"kZ 2011&12 esa bldk 7.1 çfr'kr dk y{; v 2010&11 36.7 çfr'kr dk y{; v çfr'kr jgus dk vuqeku Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 125 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 32. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books foÙko"kZ 2011&12 esa blds ¼ldy ?kjsyw mRikyn dk 2A7 çfr'kr½ 54.0 vjc MkWyj jgus dk vuqekuA v foÙko"kZ 2010&11 esa okf.kfT;d O;kikj ?kkVk 130.5 vjc MkWyj ;k ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dk 7.59 çfr'kr gS vkSj foÙko"kZ 2011&12 esa blds 154.0 vjc MkWyj ;k ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dk 7.7 çfr'kr jgus dh laHkkoukA v foÙko"kZ 2010&11 esa vy{; O;kikfjd cs'kh 86.2 vjc MkWyj ;k ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dk ikap çfr'kr gS vkSj foÙko"kZ 2011&12 esa blds 100A0 vjc MkWyj ;k ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dk ikap çfr'kr jgus dh laHkkoukA v foÙko"kZ 2010&11 esa iwath çokg 61A9 vjc MkWyj jgk vkSj o"kZ 2011&12 esa blds 72A0 çfr'kr jgus dh laHkkoukA v foÙko"kZ 2011&12 esa çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k 35 vjc MkWyj vuqekfur tcfd foÙkfo"kZ 2010&11 esa ;g 23A4 vjc MkWyj ds Lrj ij FkkA v v fons'kh vkS|ksfxd fuos'k 14 vjc MkWyj jgus dk vuqeku tks fiNys o"kZ 30.3 vjc MkWyj ds Lrj ds vk/ks ls Hkh de gSA foÙko"kZ 2010&11 esa lap;ksa esa 15.2 vjc MkWyj dh o`f)A foÙko"kZ 2011&12 esa blds 18.0 vjc MkWyj gksus dk vkdyuA v ekpZ 2012 esa eqækLQhfr nj vkdyuA v tqykbZ&vDVwcj 2011 esa eqækLQhfr nj ukS çfr'kr ds Lrj ij cuh jgsxhA uoacj 2011 esa dqN jkgr feyus dh laHkkouk gS vkSj ekpZ 2012 rd blesa 6A5 çfr'kr rd igqapus dk vuqekuA 6.5 çfr'kr jgus dk v miyC/k [kk|kUu HkaMkj.k dks mnkjrk ds lkFk tkjh djuk gksxkA v ekax ncko dk eqdkcyk djus esa foÙkh; uhfr dh egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk lqfuf'pr djuk gksxk rkfd foÙkh; ?kkVk ctVh; Lrj ls vf/kd u gksus ik,A v tc rd eqækLQhfresa fxjkoV dk #>ku u vk tk,] rc rd Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dks dM+h ekSfæd uhfrdk ikyu djuk gksxkA v foÙko"kZ 2011&12 ds ctV vuqekuksa esa mfYyf[kr foÙkh; y{; dks çkIr djuk gksxk] rkfd pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk fd;k tk ldsA v foÙko"kZ 2011&12 ds fy, ctV vuqeku – dsæ ds fy, a 4.7 çfr'kr] jkT;ksa ds fy, 2.1 çfr'kr vkSj ctVh; nsunkfj;ksa lfgr lesfdr foÙkh; ?kkVk 6.8 çfr'krA v ljdkj dks vf/kd jktLo çkIr djus vkSj dj cdk;ksa ds ekeyksa dks gy djus ds fy, ç;kl c<+kus gksaxsA v ftu [kpksaZ dks Vkyk tk ldrk gS mUgsa de fd;k tk, vkSj jktLo c<+kus ds fy, mik; 'kq: fd, tk,aA v jkT;ksa ds lkFk pyus okys ekeyksa dk fuiVkjk fd;k tk, vkSj eky ,oa lsok dj vkjaHk fd;k tk,A v jkT; ljdkjksa dh nsunkfj;ka lhfer djus ds fy, ÅtkZ {ks= esa forj.k ç.kkyh esa lq/kkj fd;k tk,A v jkT; ljdkjksa dh nsunkfj;ka lhfer djus ds fy, ÅtkZ {ks= esa forj.k ç.kkyh esa lq/kkj fd;k tk,A Hkkjrh; Mkd foHkkx vkSj ch-,l-,u-,y }kjk eksckby /ku gLrkarj.k lsok 'kq: Hkkjrh; Mkd foHkkx vkSj Hkkjr lapkj fuxe fyfeVsM us eksckby /ku gLrkarj.k lsok ¼eksckby euh VªkalQj lfoZl½ 'kq: dhA bl lsok dh 'kq#vkr dsæh; lapkj vkSj lwpuk rduhd jkT; a ea=h xq#nso dker us 1 twu 2011 dks paMhx<+ ls dhA bldk mís'; mu yksxksa dks ykHk igqapkuk gS] tks fdlh dkj.k ls cSafdax dh lqfo/kk dk ykHk ugha mBk ikrsA bls tqykbZ 2011 rd iatkc Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 126 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 33. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books ds lkFk&lkFk iVuk esa Hkh 'kq: fd;k tkuk gSA blls 50000 #i, rd dk gLrkarj.k fd;k tk ldrk gSA Mkd?kjksa dh ,evkbZ,l vkSj ihih,Q cpr ;kstukvksa esa C;kt dh nj 0A5 çfr'kr rd c<+h o"kZ 2013 ds vUr rd ;g lqfo/kk ns'kHkj esa 'kq: djus dh ;kstuk gSA tks Hkh O;fä ;g lqfo/kk ysuk pkgsxk] mls iksLV vkWfQl tkuk iM+xk] tgka mls /ku gLrkarj.k ds ckn ,d ;wuhd s fiu dksM uacj feysxkA blds ckn iSlk Hkstus okys O;fä dks VsDLV eslst ls ;wuhd fiu dksM uacj Hkstuk gksxkA fiu uacj ds osjhfQds'ku ds ckn nwljs O;fä dks ?kj ij gh Hkstk x;k iSlk fey tk,xkA ftl O;fä dks iSlk VªkalQj fd;k x;k gS] og igpku crkus ds ckn iksLV vkWfQl tkdj Hkh jde ys ldrk gSA Mkd foHkkx dk ns'k Hkj ds 1 yk[k 55 gtkj iksLV vkWfQlksa dks vkil esa tksM+dj dksj iksLVy lfoZl 'kq: djus dk çLrko gSA dsaæ ljdkj us cpr ;kstukvksa dks fuos'kdksa ds fy, vkd"kZd cukus ds mís'; ls Mkd?kjksa esa tek dh tkus okyh jkf'k ij C;kt dh nj 0.5 çfr'kr c<+k nhA ekfld vk; ;kstuk ¼,evkbZ,l½ vkSj yksd Hkfo"; fuf/k ¼ihih,Q½ tSlh yksdfç; cpr ;kstukvksa esa C;kt dh nj 0.5 çfr'kr rd c<+k nh xbZA bl c<ksÙkjh ds ckn ,evkbZ,l dh C;kt nj 8.5 çfr'kr tcfd ihih,Q dh C;kt nj 8.8 çfr'kr gks xbZA ,d vkSj nks o"kZ dh tek ;kstukvksa esa çR;sd ij C;kt nj esa 0.5 çfr'kr o`f) dj bls Øe'k% 8.2 vkSj 8.3 çfr'kr dj fn;k x;kA Mkd?kj dh rhu o"kZ dh lkof/k tek ij C;kt nj 8 ls c<+kdj 8.4 çfr'kr vkSj ikap o"kZ dh tek ij 8A3 çfr'kr ls 8.5 çfr'kr dj nh xbZA ikap o"kZ dh vko`fr tek ij vc 8 ds ctk; 8.4 çfr'kr dh nj ls C;kt feysxkA ofj"B ukxfjd cpr ;kstuk ij C;kt nj 9 ls c<+kdj 9.3 çfr'kr dj nh xbZ gSA ikap vkSj nl o"kZ ds jk"Vªh; cpr i= ¼,u,llh½ ij 8A6 çfr'kr ds ctk; 8.9 çfr'kr C;kt ns; gksxkA ikap o"kZ dh ekfld vk; ;kstuk esa Hkh C;kt nj 8.2 ls c<+kdj 8.5 çfr'kr dj nh xbZA foÙkh; {ks= oS/kkfud lq/kkj vk;ksx ds xBu dh vf/klwpuk dk çLrko tkjh Hkkjr ljdkj us 24 ekpZ 2011 dks foÙkh; {ks= oS/kkfud lq/kkj vk;ksx ds xBu dh vf/klwpuk dk çLrko tkjh fd;kA KkrO; gks fd cnyrs oSf'od vkfFkZd ekgkSy dh t#jrksa ds vuqlkj foÙkh; dkuwuksa dks fQj ls fy[kus dh ?kks"k.kk dsæh; foÙk a ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ }kjk o"kZ 2010&11 ds vke ctV esa dh xbZ FkhA ?kks"k.kk esa foÙkh; {ks= ds fo/kku] fu;eksa vkSj fofu;eksa dks iqu: fy[kus vkSj lqlaxr cukus dh ckr dgh xbZ FkhA vf/klwpuk ds vuqlkj lsokfuo`r U;k;k/kh'k ch,u Jh—".k bl vk;ksx ds v/ ;{k fu;qä fd, x,A buds vykok lsokfuo`r U;k;k/kh'k nsch çlkn iky] MkW ihts uk;d] dsts mns'kh] ;tnh ekysxke] çks t;ar oekZ] çks ,e xksfoan jko] lh vP;qru dks vk;ksx dk lnL; cuk;k x;kA /khjsæ Lo:i a dks vk;ksx dk lnL; la;kstd cuk;k x;kA Hkkjr ljdkj dh rjQ ls foÙk ea=ky; esa la;qä lfpo ¼iwath cktkj½ ukfer lnL; gksaxsA lhdsth uk;j dks vk;ksx dk lfpo fu;qä fd;k x;kA foÙkh; {ks= oS/kkfud lq/kkj vk;ksx dk eq[;ky; ubZ fnYyh esa gh gksxk vkSj vk;ksx dks nks o"kZ ds vanj viuh fjiksVZ foÙk ea=ky; dks lkSaiuh gSA xksihukFk lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa ds vuq:i dsæ ljdkj us a jk"Vªh; cpr ;kstuk ¼,u,llh½ esa nh?kkZof/k ds dks"k dks vkdf"kZr djus ds fy, bldh ifjiDork vof/k 10 lky dj nh gSA lkFk gh ihih,Q esa okf"kZd fuos'k lhek dks Hkh 70000 #i, ls c<+kdj ,d yk[k #i, dj fn;k x;kA Mkd ?kj cpr [kkrs ds pkj çfr'kr dh C;kt nj esa dksbZ cnyko ugha fd;k x;kA ubZ C;kt njsa ,d vçSy] 2012 ls ykxw gksaxh tks o"kZ 2012&13 ds fy, oS/k gksaxhA Mkd?kj }kjk lapkfyr bu y?kq cpr ;kstukvksa ij C;kt njksa esa o`f) ';keyk xksihukFk lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa ds vuq:i dh xbZ gSA lfefr us y?kq cprksa ij C;kt nj dks cktkj ds vuq:i j[kus dh flQkfj'k dh FkhA fnlacj 2011 esa C;kt njksa esa c<ksÙkjh dk fu.kZ; ';kekyk xksihukFk lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa ds vuq:i fd;k x;k FkkA lfefr us lq>ko fn;k Fkk fd y?kq cpr Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 127 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 34. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books ;kstukvksa ij C;kt njksa dks cktkj ls lac) fd;k tk,A vkSj NksVh cpr ;kstukvksa esa okf"kZd vk/kkj ij la'kks/ku fd;k tk,A y?kq cpr ;kstukvksa esa la'kks/ku dk edln budks cSadksa dh lkof/k tek ¼,QMh½ ;kstukvksa dh rjg vkd"kZd cuk, j[kuk gSA ds;uZ&osnkar lkSns dks l'krZ eatwjh ç/kkuea=h eueksgu flag dh v/;{krk esa eaf=eaMy dh vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh lfefr us 30 twu 2011 dks ukS vjc MkWyj ds ds;uZ&osnkar lkSns dks l'krZ eatwjh çnku dhA ds;uZ&osnkar lkSns ij yxkbZ xbZ 'krksaZ ds vuqlkj daiuh dks rsy mRiknu ij jkW;YVh dk Hkqxrku djuk gksxk] vkfcZVªs'ku ds lHkh ekeyksa dks okil ysuk gksxk vkSj vks,uthlh ls vukifÙk çek.k i= ysus ds lkFk&lkFk lsch lfgr lHkh fu;kedksa dh iwoZ eatwjh Hkh ysuh gksxhA KkrO; gks fd uoacj 2010 esa gq, bl lkSns ds rgr vfuoklh Hkkjrh; vfuy vxzoky ds osnkar lewg us ds;uZ bafM;k esa mldh ewy daiuh ds;uZ ,uthZ dh 51 Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh [kjhnus dh ?kks"k.kk dh FkhA gkykafd 'ks;jksa dh gLrkarj.k dh çfØ;k vks,uthlh dh vkifÙk ds ckn #d xbZ Fkh ftlesa rsy mRiknu ij jkW;YVh esa Hkh fgLlsnkjh dh ckr dgh x;h FkhA ds;uZ&osnkar ekeys ij xfBr foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ dh v/;{krk okys eaf=;ksa ds lewg us mijksä 'krksaZ ds lkFk bl lkSns dks eatwjh nsus dh flQkfj'k eaf=eaMy dks Hksth FkhA xzkeh.k jkstxkj ifj;kstuk ds fy, 1627 yk[k MkWyj ds le>kSrs ij gLrk{kj fd, Hkkjr vkSj fo'o cSad us vkt jktLFkku ds fy, vkbZMh, _.k ds 1627 yk[k Mkyj ds xzkeh.k jkstxkj ifj;kstuk le>kSrs ij gLrk{kj fd,A ;g gLrk{kj 24 ebZ 2011 dks ubZ fnYyh esa fd;k x;kA bl ifj;kstuk ls jktLFkku ds 17 ftyksa ds xkaoksa esa jgus okys pkj yk[k yksxksa dks jkstxkj ds volj feyus gSA jktLFkku xzkeh.k jkstxkj ifj;kstuk ds fy, gq, le>kSrs ij Hkkjr ljdkj dh vksj ls foÙk ea=ky; ds vkfFkZd ekeyksa ds foHkkx esa la;qä lfpo os.kq jktkeksuh] jktLFkku ljdkj dh rjQ ls jkT; ifj;kstuk funs'kd iwue vkSj fo'o cSad dh rjQ ls Hkkjr esa mlds funs'kd jkscVksaZ tkxk us gLrk{kj fd,A jktLFkku xzkeh.k jkstxkj ifj;kstuk dks feyus okys dks"k ls jkT; ds 9000 xkaoksa esa jgus okys leqnk;ksa fo'ks"kdj efgykvksa vkSj fiN?M+s oxksaZ dks fodkl ds fy, T;knk vkfFkZd volj miyC/k gksus gSaA ;g 33000 Lo;a lgk;rk lewg ds }kjk vk; ds lzksr l`ftr djus ds fy, foÙkh; lgk;rk miyC/k djk,xhA lkFk gh csjkstxkj xzkeh.k ;qokvksa dks jkstxkj ds fy, çf'kf{kr Hkh djuk gSA foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 dh rhljh frekgh esa vkfFkZd fodkl nj 6A1 çfr'kr foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 dh rhljh frekgh esa Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd fodkl nj 6A1 çfr'kr jghA foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 dh rhljh frekgh esa fodkl nj ?kVus dh çeq[k otg [kuu] eSU;qQSDpfjax vkSj —f"k {ks= dh /kheh j¶rkj jghA eSU;qQSDpfjax {ks= dh o`f) nj ek= 0A4 çfr'kr jgh] tcfd [kuu {ks= dk mRiknu foÙk o"kZ 2010&11 dh leku vof/k ds eqdkcys 3A1 çfr'kr ?kV x;kA —f"k {ks= dh o`f) nj Hkh egt 2A7 çfr'kr ntZ dh xbZA dsæh; a lkaf[;dh laxBu }kjk 29 Qjojh 2012 dks vkB cqfu;knh m|ksxksa dh fodkl nj tkjh dh xbZA tkjh fd, x, vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj tuojh 2012 esa cqfu;knh m|ksxksa ds {ks= esa o`f) nj ek= 0A5 çfr'kr jg xbZA KkrO; gks fd foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 dh nwljh frekgh esa Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd fodkl nj dk vuqeku 6A9 çfr'kr yxk;k x;k FkkA foÙk o"kZ 2010&11 dh rhljh frekgh esa Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd fodkl nj 8A3 çfr'kr jgh FkhA MkWyj ds eqdkcys #i;s dk voewY;u jksdus gsrq Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk mik; MkWyj ds eqdkcys Hkkjrh; eqæk ;kuh #i;s dk voewY;u jksdus gsrq Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us 15 fnlacj 2011 dks vusd mik; fd,A Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk mBk, x, bu mik;ksa ds rgr fons'kh laLFkkxr fuos'kd vkSj #i;s dk ok;nk dkjksckj djus okys vU; dkjksckjh ,d ckj jí gksus ij fdlh lkSns dks fQj Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 128 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 35. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books ls cqd ugha dj ldsxsA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk mBk, x, mik; a ds rgr fons'kh laLFkkxr fuos'kd vkSj #i;s dk ok;nk dkjksckj djus okys vU; dkjksckjh ;fn vius lkSnksa dk fuiVku vof/k lekIr gksus ls igys jksyvksoj ugha djrs gSa rks bUgsa fMyhojh ysuh gksxhA ,d ckj lkSnk jn gks tkus ds ckn mls fQj ls cqd djus dh btktr ugha jgsxhA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us eqæk cktkj esa fons'kh eqæk dkjksckj djus okys cSadksa dh vf/kdre lhek esa Hkh dVkSrh dj nh gSA lkFk gh #i;s dh dher dks fu;af=r djus ds fy, fu;kZrdksa o vk;krdksa ds fy, tksf[ke doj djus dh gsftax dh lhek dks Hkh ?kVk fn;kA vk;krd&fu;kZrd vc fiNys rhu lky ds VuZvksoj ds 75 ds ctk; vkSlru 25 çfr'kr dh gh gsftax dj ik,axsA KkrO; gks fd 15 fnlacj 2011 dks ,d MkWyj dh dher fjdkWMZ fxjkoV ds lkFk 54.30 #i;s ds fupys Lrj rd igqap xbZ FkhA tuojh 2011 ls 15 fnlacj 2011 rd MkWyj ds eqdkcys #i;s dh dher esa djhc 19 çfr'kr fxjkoV ntZ dh xbZ gS fjyk;al baMLVªht }kjk caxky dh [kkM+h fLFkr dsth csflu Mh6 ds pkj xSl dq,a can eqds'k vackuh dh daiuh fjyk;al baMLVªht us vius iwohZ virVh; dsth csflu {ks= fLFkr Mh6 CykWd esa pkj xSl dq,a can dj fn,A fjyk;al baMLVªht ds vuqlkj xSl dqvksa esa ikuh ;k jsr vkus ls Mh1 vkSj Mh3 ds 18 xSl dqvksa esa ls ,2] ch1] ch2 vkSj ch13 dks uoacj 2011 ds pkSFks lIrkg esa can djuk iM+kA 13 uoacj 2011 dks lekIr lIrkg ds nkSjku caxky dh [kkM+h esa fLFkr /kh:HkkbZ&1 o 3 ¼Mh1 o Mh3½ xSl {ks=ksa vkSj dsth&Mh6 esa 4A10 djksM+ ?kuehVj xSl mRiknu gqvkA KkrO; gks fd fjyk;al baMLVªht us Mh1 vkSj Mh3 {ks= ls ekpZ 2011 esa y{; ls Hkh vf/ kd çfrfnu 5A4 djksM+ ?kuehVj xSl mRiknu fd;k FkkA blds ckn ncko esa deh] ikuh Hkjus vkSj mEehn ls de HkaMkj ds dkj.k mRiknu esa deh vkbZA o"kZ 2009&10 esa Mh1 vkSj Mh3 {ks= ls pkj djksM+ ?ku ehVj çfrfnu mRiknu dk y{; j[kk x;k FkkA tcfd dsæ ljdkj }kjk eatwjh çkIr {ks= fodkl ;kstuk ds a vuqlkj Mh1 vkSj Mh3 ls mRiknu y{; dks c<+kdj 6A18 djksM+ ?kuehVj jkstkuk fd;k x;k Fkk lSV U;k;kf/kdj.k us lgkjk lewg dks fuos'kdksa dk 24029 djksM + #i;k ykSV kus dk funsZ' k fn;k çfrHkw fr vihyh; U;k;kf/kdj.k ¼SAT: Securities Appellate Tribunal] lSV½ us lgkjk lewg dks fuos'kdksa dk 24029 djksM+ #i;k ykSVkus dk funsZ'k 18 vDVwcj 2011 dks fn;kA lSV us bl çfØ;k gsrq lgkjk lewg dks N% lIrkg dk le; fn;kA çfrHkwfr vihyh; U;k;kf/kdj.k us lgkjk lewg dh daifu;ksa dks fuos'kdksa ls oSdfYid iw.kZ ifjorZuh; fMcsapj ;kuh vks,QlhMh ds tfj, tqVk;k x;k /ku Ng g¶rs ds Hkhrj ykSVkus dk vkns'k fn;kA lgkjk lewg dh daifu;ka lgkjk bafM;k fj;y ,LVsV dkWjiksjs'ku ¼vc lgkjk deksfMVh lfoZlst dkWjiksjs'ku½ vkSj lgkjk gkmflax baosLVesV dkWjiksjs'ku us oSdfYid iw.kZ ifjorZuh; fMcsapj ;kuh a vks,QlhMh ds tfj, 24029 djksM+ :i;s dh jkf'k olwyh FkhA çfrHkwfr vihyh; U;k;kf/kdj.k ¼SAT: Securities Appellate Tribunal] lSV½ us vius vkns'k esa crk;k fd bl çdkj dh ;kstukvksa ds tfj;s QaM tqVkus dk ekeyk 'ks;j cktkj fu;ked lsch ds vf/kdkj {ks= esa vkrk gSA vr% lewg dh nksuksa daifu;ksa dks 'ks;j cktkj fu;ked lsch }kjk fu/kkZfjr 'krksaZ ds rgr ;g jde ykSVkuh gksxhA KkrO; gks fd twu 2011 esa 'ks;j cktkj fu;ked lsch us Hkh fu;eksa ds mYya?ku dk gokyk nsrs gq, lgkjk lewg dh nksuksa daifu;ksa dks yk[kksa fuos'kdksa ls tqVk, x, iSls dks ykSVkus dk vkns'k fn;k FkkA lsch ds ml fu.kZ; ds fo#) lgkjk lewg us çfrHkwfr vihyh; U;k;kf/kdj.k esa ;kfpdk nk;j dh FkhA jk"Vªh; lkekftd lqj{kk dks"k xfBr vlaxfBr {ks= esa dke djus okys dkexkjksa dks thou chek] isa'ku] LokLF; chek tSlh lqfo/kk,a çnku djus gsrq dsæ ljdkj us a jk"Vªh; lkekftd lqj{kk dks"k dk xBu 28 tqykbZ 2011 dks fd;kA jk"Vªh; lkekftd lqj{kk dks"k gsrq dsæ ljdkj us ,d gtkj a djksM+ #i;s dk vkjafHkd ctV r; fd;kA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 129 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 36. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books jk"Vªh; lkekftd lqj{kk dks"k ds rgr cqudjksa] fjD'kkpkydksa] rkM+h cukus okyksa] chM+h etnwjksa lfgr vlaxfBr {ks= esa dke djus okys vU; ntZuksa is'kk esa dk;Zjr etnwjksa dks lkekftd lqj{kk fn;k tkuk gSA ç/kkuea=h eueksgu flag dh v/;{krk esa dSfcusV dh cSBd esa bldk fu.kZ; fy;k x;kA jk"Vªh; lkekftd lqj{kk dks"k dk fØ;kUo;u dsæh; Je o a jkstxkj ea=ky; ds varxZr fd;k tkuk gSA KkrO; gks fd foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us o"kZ 2010&11 ds dsæh; ctV esa jk"Vªh; a lkekftd lqj{kk dks"k dh LFkkiuk dh ?kks"k.kk dh FkhA Hkkjrh; jsyos us ofj"B ukxfjdksa dh vk;q lhek vkSj fdjk, esa nh xbZ NwV esa la'kks/ku Hkkjrh; jsyos us ofj"B ukxfjdksa dh vk;q lhek vkSj fdjk, esa nh xbZ NwV 25 ebZ 2011 dks la'kksf/kr dj nhA bl la'kks/ku ds rgr ofj"B efgyk ukxfjdksa dh vk;q lhek 60 ls ?kVkdj 58 o"kZ vkSj ofj"B iq:"k ukxfjdksa ds fdjk, esa nh tk jgh NwV dks 30 çfr'kr ls c<+kdj 40 çfr'kr dj nhA ofj"B efgyk ukxfjdksa dks fdjk, esa fey jgh NwV ¼50çfr'kr½ esa vkSj ofj"B iq:"k ukxfjdksa dh vk;q lhek esa ¼60o"kZ½ esa dksbZ ifjorZu ugha fd;k x;kA ;g la'kks/ku 1 twu 2011 ls ykxw gksuk gSA xsgwa ,oa pkoy ds fu;kZr ij pkj o"kksaZ ls yxs lHkh çfrca/k gVk fy, dsæ ljdkj us xsgwa ,oa pkoy ds fu;kZr ij pkj o"kksaZ ls yxs a lHkh çfrca/k 8 flracj 2011 dks gVk fy,A dsæ ljdkj }kjk a xsgwa ,oa pkoy fu;kZr dh ;g NwV eqä ykblsal ds rgr nh xbZA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ dh v/;{krk okys vf/kdkj çkIr ea=h lewg us ;g fu.kZ; fy;kA gkykafd vf/kdkj çkIr ea=h lewg us nksuksa ftalksa ¼xsgwa ,oa pkoy½ ds fu;kZr dh vf/kdre lhek 20 &20 yk[k Vu r; dj nhA pkyw [kjhQ ekSle esa /kku dh caij Qly vkus dh mEehn gSA fiNys lky ds eqdkcys /kku dh [ksrh dk jdck lkekU; jksikbZ jdck ls 20 yk[k gsDVs;j vf/kd gks pqdk gSA ekulwu dh vPNh ckfj'k ds pyrs lHkh /kku mRiknd jkT;ksa esa mRiknu esa cgqr vf/kd o`f) gksus dh laHkkouk gSA lkFk gh ljdkjh xksnkeksa esa igys ls gh Hkkjh ek=k esa pkoy dk LVkWd iM+k gqvk gSA ,sls esa iqjkus LVkWd [kkyh djus dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, dsæ ljdkj us ;g fu.kZ; fy;kA KkrO; gks fd xsgwa ds fu;kZr a ij Qjojh 2007 esa çfrca/k yxk;k x;k Fkk tcfd pkoy ds fu;kZr ij 2008 esa jksd yxkbZ xbZ FkhA xsgwa fu;kZr ij igyh ckj NwV tqykbZ 2009 esa nh xbZ Fkh] ysfdu flQZ 10 fnuksa ckn okil ys yh xbZ FkhA vxLr 2011 esa dsæ ljdkj us xSj cklerh pkoy a fu;kZr ij yxs çfrca/k esa <hy nsrs gq, 10 yk[k Vu pkoy fu;kZr dh vuqefr nh Fkh] ijUrq çfØ;kxr [kkfe;ksa ds pyrs ml ij vnkyr us LFkxukns'k tkjh dj fn;kA 2 lkalnksa dh LFkkuh; {ks= fodkl ;kstuk fuf/k djksM+ ls c<+kdj 5 djksM+ :i, okf"kZd dh xbZ laln lnL; ¼yksdlHkk ,oa jkT;lHkk ds fuokZfpr ,oa euksuhr lnL;½ LFkkuh; {ks= fodkl ;kstuk ds rgr okf"kZd vkoaVu ds varxZr nh tkus okyh fodkl fuf/k dks foÙko"kZ 2011&12 ls nks djksM+ :i, ls c<+kdj ikap djksM+ :i, okf"kZd dj fn;k x;kA ;g fu.kZ; ç/kkuea=h MkWDVj eueksgu flag dh v/ ;{krk esa dsæh; eaf=eaMy us 7 tqykbZ 2011 dks fy;kA igys bl a ;kstuk ds rgr çfro"kZ dqy 1580 djksM+ #i, vkaofVr fd, tkrs Fks tks vc 2370 djksM+ #i, c<+kdj 3950 djksM+ #i, çfro"kZ dj fn, x,A eaf=eaMy us bl ;kstuk ds leqfpr dk;kZUo;u ,oa fuxjkuh ds fy, ftyksa/jkT;ksa dks fn, tkus okys okf"kZd vkoaVu ds 2 çfr'kr lkykuk ç'kklfud [kpZ dh Hkh vuqefr ns nhA Lora= ,tsalh ds tfj, fuxjkuh vkSj ea=ky; }kjk çnÙk fd, tkus okys jkT;/ftyk vf/kdkfj;ksa dks {kerk fuekZ.k/çf'k{k.k ds fy, lkaf[;dh ,oa dk;ZØe dk;kZUok;u ea=ky; dks 5 djksM+ #i, ds vfrfjä okf"kZd vkoaVu dks Hkh eatwjh çnku dhA bl o`f) ls yksxksa dh t:jrksa dks csgrj <ax ls iwjk djus vkSj LFkkuh; t:jrksa ds vk/kkj ij T;knk fVdkÅ leqnk; iwath l`tu esa enn feysxhA fofnr gks fd laln lnL; ¼yksdlHkk ,oa jkT;lHkk ds fuokZfpr ,oa euksuhr lnL;½ LFkkuh; {ks= fodkl ;kstuk 1993&94 Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 130 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 37. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books esa 'kq: dh xbZ FkhA 31 ekpZ 2011 rd laln lnL; 13 yk[k 87 gtkj ifj;kstukvksa dh flQkfj'k dj pqds gSa rFkk ftyk çkf/kdj.k 12 yk[k 30 gtkj ifj;kstukvksa dks eatwjh ns pqds gSa rFkk ;kstuk ds çkjaHk ls vc rd 11 yk[k 24 gtkj ifj;kstuk,a iwjh gks pqdh gSaA uoEcj 2005 esa bl ;kstuk dks la'kksf/kr fd;k x;k FkkA ljdkj }kjk tkjh lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh dk 60 çfr'kr fgLlk oka fNr ifjokjksa dks ugha % fo'o cS ad fjiksVZ esa egkRek xka/kh ujsxk dh bl ckr ds fy, ç'kalk dh xbZ fd blesa vuqlwfpr tkfr] vuqlwfpr tutkfr vkSj efgykvksa dks cgqr vPNk fgLlk feyk gSA egkRek xka/kh ujsxk esa vuqlwfpr tkfr dks 31 çfr'kr] vuqlwfpr tutkfr dks 25 çfr'kr o efgykvksa dks 50 çfr'kr fgLlk fn;k x;kA fofnr gks fd ;kstuk vk;ksx ds vkxzg ij fo'o cSad us ;g losZ{k.k o"kZ 2004 esa 'kq: dh FkhA lgkjk fuos'k thou chek ykap fo'o cSad us Hkkjr dh lekt dY;k.k rFkk xjhch fojks/kh ;kstukvksa ij igyh ckj ifjorZu'khy Hkkjr esa lkekftd lqj{kk ¼Social Protection for a Changing India½ uked losZ{k.k fjiksVZ 18 ebZ 2011 dks tkjh fd;kA fjiksVZ esa dgk x;k gS fd o"kZ 2004&05 esa Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds rgr tks vukt tkjh fd;k x;k mldk yxHkx 60 çfr'kr fgLlk yf{kr ifjokjksa rd ugha igqapkA Hkkjr vius ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ¼thMhih] GDP½ dk 2 çfr'kr ls vf/kd fgLlk lkekftd laj{k.k dk;ZØeksa ij [kpZ djrk gS] tks vU; fodkl'khy ns'kksa dh rqyuk esa cgqr vf/kd gSA dqN fgLlksa esa bldk çn'kZu vPNk Hkh jgk] ysfdu xjhch mUewyu rFkk vkthfodk esa lq/kkj ds lanHkZ esa bldk dqy feykdj fjVuZ iwjh {kerk okyk ugha gSA fjiksVZ esa dgk x;k gS fd xjhc jkT;ksa dks dsæh; ctV esa cM+k a fgLlk feyrk gS] ysfdu os çfr xjhc xzkeh.k ifjokj ij rqyukRed :i ls de [kpZ djrs gSaA lgkjk bafM;k ykbQ ba';ksjsal dEiuh fyfeVsM us lgkjk fuos'k thou chek uked ,dy çhfe;e ;kstuk 27 ekpZ 2012 dks ykap dhA bl ,dy çhfe;e ¼ykHk jfgr ,oa xSj ;wfyi½ okyh ;kstuk esa vnk fd, x, çhfe;e ij vk;dj NwV dh Hkh lqfo/kk gSA lgkjk fuos'k thou chek 9 o"kZ ls 60 o"kZ dh vk;q rd ds yksxksa ds fy, is'k dh x;h gSA bl ;kstuk dh vof/k 10 o"kZ j[kh x;hA bldk dkj.k deZpkfj;ksa] rduhdh midj.kksa dh deh rFkk dk;kZUo;u esa fnDdrksa dks ekuk x;kA ifjorZu'khy Hkkjr esa lkekftd lqj{kk uked bl fjiksVZ esa dgk x;k gS fd lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ¼ihMh,l½ esa Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj bldh ç'kklfud O;oLFkk ypj gksus ds dkj.k xjhch mUewyu esa dkjxj ugha gSA fo'o cSad ds çeq[k vFkZ'kkL=h tkWu CykefDoLV us bl lanHkZ esa dqN jkT;ksa esa [kk| dwiu rFkk LekVZ dkMZ ds mi;ksx dks tokcnsgh c<+kus okyk crk;k vkSj dgk fd udnh gLrkarj.k dk fopkj Hkh vPNk gks ldrk gSA lgkjk fuos'k ikWfylh gksYMj dks çhfe;e ij 8 çfr'kr rd dh NwV Hkh nsrh gSA ,d yk[k ls Åij vkSj rhu yk[k ls de çhfe;e ij rhu çfr'kr] 3 yk[k #i, ls Åij vkSj 5 yk[k ls de ij 5 çfr'kr rFkk ikap yk[k #i, ls Åij ds çhfe;e ij 8 çfr'kr NwV feysxhA bl ;kstuk esa U;wure ,dy çhfe;e 50000 #i, vkSj vf/kdre dh dksbZ lhek ugha gS vkSj mÙkjnkf;Roiw.kZ gSA ,dy çhfe;e ikWfylh] ikWfylh gksYMj dks rRdky fjLd doj nsrh gS vkSj ukWu&LVSaMZM vk;q çek.k dk Hkh fu;eksa ds vuqlkj vfrfjä çhfe;e ds lkFk Lohdkj djrh gSA ikWfylh dks 6 ekg i'pkr gh ljsMj fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj vko';drk iM+us ij _.k Hkh a fy;k tk ldrk gSA lgkjk fuos'k cUnkscLrh ;kstuk ikWfylh gksYMj ds thou dks doj djrh gS vkSj ikWfylh ds iw.kZ gksus ij ;k chfer O;fä dh nqHkkZX;o'k e`R;q gks tkus ij iw.kZ chfer /kujkf'k dk Hkqxrku djus dh xkjUVh nsrh gSA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 131 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 38. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books dksy bafM;k ds funs'kd eaMy }kjk fons'kksa esa xSj&lwphc) daifu;ksa esa fgLlsnkjh [kjhnus dh eatwjh dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM ds funs'kd eaMy us daiuh dks oS/k is'kd'k feyus ij fons'kksa esa xSj&lwphc) daifu;ksa esa fgLlsnkjh [kjhnus ds çLrko dks eatwjh çnku dhA dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM ds funs'kd eaMy dh 14 fnlacj 2011 dks gqbZ cSBd esa ;g QSlyk fy;k x;kA dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM us vkWLVªsfy;k] baMksusf'k;k vkSj vesfjdk dh rhu dks;ys [knku dh is'kd'kksa ij fopkj djus dk Hkh fu.kZ; fy;kA dksy bafM;k us [kkuksa ds vf/kxzg.k ds fy, 6]000 djksM+ #i;s dh ctV jkf'k j[kh gSA KkrO; gks fd dsæh; foÙk ea=ky; a }kjk uoacj 2011 esa dksy bafM;k dks fons'kksa esa xSj lwphc) daifu;ksa esa fgLlsnkjh [kjhn dh eatwjh çnku dh Fkh cgq&czkaM [kqnjk {ks= esa 51 Qhlnh o ,dy&czkaM [kqnjk {ks= esa 100 Qhlnh ,QMhvkbZ dh eatwjh dsæh; eaf=eaMy us cgq&czkaM [kqnjk {ks= esa 51 Qhlnh rd a vkSj ,dy czkaM [kqnjk {ks= esa 100 Qhlnh rd çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k dks eatwjh çnku dhA ç/kkuea=h eueksgu flag dh v/;{krk esa ;g fu.kZ; 24 uoacj 2011 dks fy;k x;kA [kqnjk {ks= esa çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k dh ubZ uhfr ds rgr fons'kh daifu;ksa dks de ls de 10 djksM+ MkWyj dk fuos'k djuk vko';d gSA blds lkFk gh ?kjsyw cktkj dks cpk, j[kus gsrq bu daifu;ksa dks NksVh daifu;ksa ls 30 Qhlnh [kjhnkjh djuh Hkh vko';d gSA dsæh; a eaf=eaMy us [kqnjk {ks= esa çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k ls fdjkuk nqdkuksa dks gksus okyh çfrLinZ~/kk dks de djus gsrq fons'kh [kqnjk {ks= dh daifu;ksa dks Hkkjr dh nl yk[k ls T;knk vkcknh okys 'kgjksa esa gh LVksj [kksyus dh vuqefr çnku dhA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjr esa [kqnjk {ks= dk vkdkj foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 ds nkSjku 590 vjc MkWyj dk ekuk x;k gSA blesa 500 vjc MkWyj dk dkjksckj csgn NksVs dkjksckfj;ksa vFkok fdjkuk nqdku pykus okys djrs gSaA ,dy czkaM [kqnjk {ks= esa blls iwoZ çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k dh lhek 51 Qhlnh rd FkhA cgq&czkaM [kqnjk nwdku ¼Multi brand Retail Shop½: lkekU; fdjkuk nqdku dks eYVh czkaM LVksj dgk tkrk gSA budk vkdkj xyh&eksgYys ds NksVs fdjkuk nqdkuksa ls ysdj fo'kkydk; [kqnjk nqdku rd dk gks ldrk gSA Hkkjr esa fjyk;al] vkfnR; fcM+yk lewg] 'kkWilZ LVkWi lfgr dbZ ukeh&fxjkuh ?kjsyw daifu;ksa ds bl rjg ds LVksj gSaA ,dy czkaM [kqnjk nwdku ¼Single Brand Retail Shop½% bu LVksj esa ,d gh czkaM ds mRiknksa dh fcØh gksrh gSA vkerkSj ij fons'kksa ds egaxs czkaM bl rjg ds LVksj [kksyrh gSaA yqb foVks] QsMh] a ftEeh pw tSlk czkaM ds nqdku bl Js.kh esa vkrs gSaA dsaæ ljdkj }kjk pkj ,Dlçsl&os ifj;kstukvksa ds fuekZ.k dks eatwjh dsæ ljdkj us 16680 djksM+ #i;s dh ykxr okyh pkj a ,Dlçsl&os ifj;kstukvksa ds fuekZ.k dks 18 vDVwcj 2011 dks eatwjh nhA 66 fdyksehVj dh fnYyh&esjB ,Dlçsl&os] 400 fdyksehVj yacs cM+ksnjk&eqcbZ ,Dlçsl&os] dksydkrk&/kuckn ds a 334 fdyksehVj yacs ,Dlçsl&os vkSj 277 fdyksehVj dh csaxywj&psUubZ ,Dlçsl&os ifj;kstuk dks eatwjh nh xbZA fdyksehVj dh fnYyh&esjB ,Dlçsl&os fnYyh ds futkeqíhu iqy ls 'kq: gksdj mÙkj çns'k ds ,u,p24 ij Mkluk gksrs gq, esjB esa lekIr gksuk gSA 277 fdyksehVj dh csaxywj&psUubZ ,Dlçsl&os ifj;kstuk ds fy, dukZVd] vka/kz çns'k vkSj rfeyukMq ljdkj dh eatwjh yh tk pqdh gSA tcfd dksydkrk&/kuckn ds 334 fdyksehVj yacs ,Dlçsl&os dh foLr`r ifj;kstuk fjiksVZ vkSj 400 fdyksehVj yacs cM+ksnjk&eqcbZ ,Dlçsl&os ds fy, a foLr`r ifj;kstuk fjiksVZ rS;kj gksuh gSA 66 dsaæh; lM+d ifjogu ,oa jktekxZ ea=ky; ds vuqlkj dsæ a ljdkj us jk"Vªh; jktekxZ fodkl ifj;kstuk pj.k&Ng esa lkoZtfud futh Hkkxhnkjh ds rgr bu ifj;kstukvksa dks eatwjh nhA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 132 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 39. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books Hkkjrh; rsy o xSl {ks= ij ,lkspkSe dk lEesyu 14 oka ÅtkZ Hkkjrh; rsy o xSl {ks= ij ,lkspkSe ¼ASSOCHAM½ dk 14 oka ÅtkZ lEesyu ¼14 th Energy Summit½ ubZ fnYyh esa 10 ebZ 2011 dks laiUu gqvkA lEesyu ds nkSjku ,lkspkSe dh fjiksVZVsfiax xzksFk iksVsaf'k;y bau n bafM;u gkbMªksdkcZu oSY;q psu tkjh dh xbZA rsy mRiknu {ks= ds fu;ked gkbMªksdkcZu egkfuns'kd ,lds JhokLro us Hkkjr }kjk 'ksy xSl ds mR[kuu ds fy, uhykeh dk igyk nkSj 'kq: djus ds lanHkZ esa tkudkjh nhA mUgksaus crk;k fd miyC/k vkadM+ksa vkSj v/;;uksa ds vk/kkj ij Hkkjr esa 'ksy xSl dh O;kid laHkkouk,a gSaA blds fy, Ng unh ?kkfV;ksa dh igpku dh xbZA os [kaHkkr] vle&vjkdu] xksaMok.kk] —".kk xksnkojh rVh; {ks=] dkosjh rVh; rFkk xaxk ?kkVh gSaA fofnr gks fd ns'k esa vc rd rsy ,oa xSl tSls ijaijkxr rFkk dksy csM ehFksu ¼lhch,e½ tSls xSj ijaijkxr ÅtkZ {ks=ksa esa gh mR[kuu dk;Z fd, x,A lsch }kjk lwphc) daifu;ksa ds vf/kxzg.k fu;e esa cnyko Hkkjrh; çfrHkwfr vkSj fofue; cksMZ us 28 tqykbZ 2011 dks lwphc) daifu;ksa ds vf/kxzg.k fu;e esa cnyko fd;kA u, vf/kxzg.k fu;e ds vuqlkj lsch us fdlh daiuh ds vf/kxzg.k ls igys mldh 25 çfr'kr ¼blls iwoZ 15 çfr'kr U;wure bfDoVh [kjhn Fkk½ bfDoVh [kjhnuk vfuok;Z dj fn;kA KkrO; gks fd blls igys daifu;ka 15 çfr'kr bfDoVh [kjhndj U;wure 20 çfr'kr bfDoVh dk [kqyh is'kd'k ¼vksiu vkWQj½ yk ldrh FkhaA ijarq Hkkjrh; çfrHkwfr vkSj fofue; cksMZ }kjk cuk, u, fu;eksa ds vuqlkj vf/kxzg.k djus okyh daiuh dks U;wure 26 çfr'kr fgLlsnkjh ds fy, vksiu vkWQj ykuk vfuok;Z cuk fn;k x;kA lsch }kjk lwphc) daifu;ksa ds vf/kxzg.k fu;e esa cnyko ds mijkar u, fu;eksa ds rgr vf/kxzg.kdrkZ daiuh ij xSj&çfrLi/kkZ 'kqYd dh O;oLFkk dks Hkh [kRe dj fn;k x;kA lsch dh vP;qru lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa esa dgk x;k Fkk fd ftl daiuh dk vf/kxzg.k gks jgk gS] mlds çeksVjksa }kjk viuh iwjh fgLlsnkjh cspus dh fLFkfr esa daiuh ds lHkh vke 'ks;j/kkjdksa dks mlds 'ks;j cspdj ckgj fudyus dk ekSdk feyuk pkfg,A lkFk gh lsch us fuos'kdksa dh lqfo/kk gsrq foÙkh; cktkj ds fy, ,dy dsokbZlh QkWeZ ds çLrko dks Hkh eatwjh ns nhA lsch us blds fy, fof'k"V igpku la[;k vk/kkj dks viukus dk QSlyk fd;kA blds rgr iath—r foÙkh; cktkj ds lHkh e/;LFkksa ds fy, ,dy dsokbZlh dh lqfo/kk nh xbZA fuos'kd dks vc ek= ,d ckj gh dsokbZlh fu;e ds rgr viuk iathdj.k djkuk gksxkA blds ckn mls czksdjksa ds ikl ;k MheSV [kkrk [kksyus vkSj E;wpqvy QaM esa fuos'k djus ds fy, ckj&ckj dsokbZlh dh çfØ;k ls ugha xqtjuk iM+xkA Hkkjrh; çfrHkwfr vkSj fofue; cksMZ us vkbihvks s ds fy, u;k] NksVk vkSj ljy QkeZ tkjh djus dk Hkh QSlyk fd;kA bldk m|s'; iwath cktkj esa [kqnjk fuos'kdksa dk ;ksxnku c<+kuk gSA lsch us epsaZV cSadjksa ds fy, Hkh fn'kkfunsZ'kksa esa la'kks/ku fd;kA blds rgr lHkh epsaZV cSadjksa dks vkbihvks esa fuos'k djus okyksa ds fiNys fjdkMZ dh tkudkjh çdkf'kr djuk vfuok;Z gSA lkFk gh E;wpqvy QaM esa fuos'k djus okyksa dks çR;sd lkSns ds fy, 'kqYd ds :i esa lkS #i;s T;knk Hkqxrku dk Hkh fu.kZ; fy;k x;kA lsch us bl laca/k esa fu;eksa esa la'kks/ku djrs gq, E;wpqvy QaM fMLVªhC;wVjksa dks nl gtkj #i;s ls vf/kd ds fuos'k ij ;g 'kqYd ysus dh btktr nhA tcfd igyh ckj E;wpqvy QaM esa fuos'k djus okyksa dks ipkl #i;s vfrfjä 'kqYd nsus dk fu;e cuk;k x;kA lsch us bUÝkLVªDpj MsV QaM ¼vkbMh,Q½ ;kstuk ds çLrko dks Hkh eatwj dj fy;kA KkrO; gks fd vk/kkjHkwr <kapk {ks= esa fuos'k dh t:jr dks ns[krs gq, foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us dsaæh; ctV 2011&12 esa bUÝkLVªDpj MsV QaM ;kstuk dh ?kks"k.kk dh FkhA çLrkfor ;kstu ds vuqlkj dksbZ Hkh E;wpqvy QaM vkbMh,Q xfBr dj ldrk gSA 'krZ ;g gS fd mUgsa vius QaM dk 90 çfr'kr bUÝkLVªDpj daifu;ksa ds _.k i=ksa esa fuos'k djuk gksxkA vkbihvks ?kksVkys esa Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 133 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 40. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books loksZPp U;k;ky; dk vkns'k ekurs gq, Hkkjrh; çfrHkwfr vkSj fofue; cksMZ us viuh nks lnL;h; lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa ij vey djus dk Hkh fu.kZ; fy;kA bl lfefr us us'kuy flD;ksfjVh fMikWftVjh fyfeVsM ¼,u,lMh,y½ dks nks"kh Bgjkdj mlds f[kykQ dkjZokbZ dh flQkfj'k dh FkhA fons'kksa esa Hkkjrh; daifu;ksa dk çR;{k fuos'k twu 2011 esa 5.47 vjc MkWyj Hkkjrh; daifu;ksa }kjk fons'kksa esa fd;k tkus okyk fuos'k twu 2011 esa ,d o"kZ igys dh rqyuk esa ?kVdj vk/ks ls Hkh de ;kuh 5.47 vjc MkWyj jg x;kA o"kZ 2010 ds twu ekg esa Hkkjrh; daifu;ksa us fons'kksa esa 12.27 vjc MkWyj dk fuos'k fd;k FkkA twu 2011 esa eqæk iksVZ vkSj Hkkjrh ,;jVsy fons'kksa esa lcls a T;knk fuos'k djus okyh daifu;ka jghaA fons'kksa esa fuos'k djus okyh vU; Hkkjrh; daifu;ksa esa vkj,plh gksfYMax çkbosV fyfeVsM] lqtykWu ,uthZ vkSj vjfcanks QkekZ çeq[k gSaA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us ;g vkadM+s twu 2011 ds nwljs lIrkg esa tkjh fd;kA pkyw foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 dh igyh frekgh ¼vçSy&twu½ esa ns'k ls ckgj gksus okyk çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k 10.57 vjc MkWyj jgkA ;g jkf'k ,d o"kZ igys blh vof/k esa gq, 18-26 vjc MkWyj ds fuos'k ls dkQh de gSA fjtoZ cSad }kjk tkjh vkadMksa ds eqrkfcd Hkkjrh; daifu;ksa us bl nkSjku 3A9 vjc MkWyj dh foÙkh; xkjafV;ka tkjh dh vkSj 93.70 djksM+ MkWyj dk dtZ vkSj 64.13 djksM+ MkWyj bfDoVh esa ;ksxnku fd;kA ebZ 2011 esa ns'k esa vk, ,QMhvkb esa 111 çfr'kr dk mNky ntZ fd;k x;k vkSj ;g 4A66 vjc MkWyj jgkA ;g fiNys 11 lky esa vc rd dk lcls T;knk ekfld çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k gSA vçSy&ebZ esa ,QMhvkb fiNys lky dh blh vof/k ds eqdkcys 77 çfr'kr c<+dj 7.78 vjc MkWyj gks x;kA fiNys lky bl vof/k esa 4.39 vjc MkWyj dk ,QMhvkb vk;k FkkA dks;yk ea=ky; }kjk 14 dksy CykWsd vkSj ,d fyXukrbV dksy CykWad dk vkcaVu fujLr dks;yk ea=ky; us 14 dksy CykWd vkSj ,d fyXukbV dksy CykWd dk vkcaVu fujLr djus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA ;g fu.kZ; 5 ebZ 2011 dks fy;k x;kA vkcaVu fujLr djus dk dkj.k bu LFkkuksa ij [kuu ifj;kstukvksa dk dk;kZUo;u uk gksuk ;k /khek gksuk gSA fofHkUu [kuu CykWdksa dh çxfr dh leh{kk djus ds ckn dks;yk ea= ky; us 84 dks y CykW d vkSj pkj fyXukbV CykW ~ d vkcaVu/kkfj;ksa dks dkj.k crkvks uksfVl Hkh tkjh fd;kA fo'ks"k lfpo ¼dks;yk½ dh v/;{krk esa leh{kk lfefr us futh daifu;ksa dks vkcafVr nks dksy CykWdksa vkSj ljdkjh daifu;ksa dks vkcafVr 12 dksy CykWdksa dk vkcaVu fujLr djus dk vuqeksnu Hkh fd;kA vkcaVu fujLr djus gsrq vuqeksfnr Cykd fuEufyf[kr gSaA bu ljdkjh daifu;ksa ds CykWd% rsuw?kkV fo|qr fuxe fyfeVsM nkeksnj oSyh dkiksZjs'ku dk xksaMyikjk; ,uVhihlh fyfeVsM q ds pêh cfj;krw] dsjnkjh] czkãuh] fNfNjks iLrh'key vkSj pêh a cfj;krw ¼,l½; fcgkj jkT;c [kfut fodkl fuxe fyfeVsM dk lfj;k [kks;kraM; >kj[kaM jkT; fo|qr cksMZ dk cugkjhMhg; ,ihthbZ,udks ds vuslkrk iYyh] iquqdqyk fpydk o isaxkMIik rFkk nkeksnj oSyh dkiksZjs'ku dk lgkjuiqj tej ikuh futh daifu;ksa ds CykWd% Jh cS|ukFk vk;qosZn fyfeVsM dk HkaMkd osLVk vkSj HkkfV;k baVjus'kuy fyfeVsM dk ojksjk osLVk ¼,u½ fyXukbV CykWd% oh-,l- fyXukbV dks vkcafVr yqulkjk CykWd dssaæ ljdkj us vius deZpkfj;ksa vkSj isa'ku /kkjdksa ds egaxkbZ HkÙks esa 7% dh c<+ksÙkjh dh dsæh; eaf=eaMy us dsæ ljdkj ds deZpkfj;ksa vkSj isa'ku / a a kkjdksa dks jkgr nsrs gq, egaxkbZ HkÙks esa 7 çfr'kr dh o`f) dh eatwjh çnku dhA c<+ksÙkjh dh ?kks"k.kk 23 ekpZ 2012 dks dh xbZA egaxkbZ HkÙks dh ubZ nj 1 tuojh 2012 ls gh ykxw ekuh tkuh gSA c<+ksÙkjh ds igys ewy osru dk 58 çfr'kr egaxkbZ HkÙkk gksrk Fkk] vc ;g c<+dj 65 çfr'kr gks xk;kA bls ykxw djus ls dsæ a ljdkj ds [ktkus ij 7500 djksM+ #i, dk vfrfjä cks> Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 134 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 41. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books iM+xkA blls 50 yk[k deZpkfj;ksa vkSj s ykHk feysxkA 30 yk[k isa'ku/kkjdksa dks nwjlapkj miHkksäk f'kdk;r fuiVku fu;eu] 2012 Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj fu;ked çkf/kdj.k us nwjlapkj miHkksäk f'kdk;r fuiVku fu;eu] 2012 ykxw dj fn;kA blds rgr nwjlapkj daifu;ksa dks 45 fnu ds Hkhrj vius xzkgdksa ds fy, f'kdk;r dsaæ vkSj osc vk/kkfjr fuxjkuh ç.kkyh LFkkfir djuk vfuok;Z dj fn;k x;kA Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj fu;ked çkf/kdj.k ds u, xzkgd f'kdk;r fuiVku fn'kk&funsZ'kksa esa ;g 5 tuojh 2012 dks Li"V fd;k x;kA nwjlapkj miHkksäk f'kdk;r fuiVku fu;eu] 2012 ds rgr u, fu;e ch,l,u,y vkSj ,eVh,u,y lfgr lHkh lsokoçnkrkvksa csfld nwjlapkj lsok] ;wfuQkbM ,Dlsl lfoZlst] lsY;qyj eksckby VsyhQksu lfoZl vkSj baVjusV lfoZl ij ykxw gksaxsA VªkbZ ds u, fn'kk&funsZ'kksa esa ;g Li"V gS fd gj lsokçnkrk dks lsok dh xq.koÙkk fu;eu dh le;lhek ds rgr f'kdk;rksa dk fuiVku djuk vfuok;Z gSA lkFk gh lsokvksa ds vkxzg dks iwjk djuk Hkh lsokçnkrk dh ftEesnkjh gSA ;fn dksbZ ekeyk blesa ugha vkrk gS] rks f'kdk;r dk fuiVku ek= rhu fnu esa djuk gksxkA VªkbZ }kjk vupkgh dkWyksa vkSj ,l,e,l ij flracj 2011 ls jksd 27 Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj fu;ked çkf/kdj.k us eksckby] VsyhQksu /kkjdksa dh lqfo/kk gsrq 27 flracj 2011 ls VsyhekdsfZ Vax daifu;ksa }kjk vupkgh dkWyksa vkSj ,l,e,l ij jksd yxkus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj fu;ked çkf/kdj.k ds vuqlkj ftu VsyhQksu ;k eksckby xzkgdksa us jk"Vªh; xzkgd çkFkfedrk jftLVj ftlds iwoZ esa uke Mw ukWV dkWy jftLVªh ¼Do Not Call Registry½ Fkk esa viuk Qksu uacj iath—r djk;k gS] mUgsa lHkh rjg dh vupkgh dkWyksa ls eqfä fey tk,xhA nwjlapkj foHkkx us VsyhekdsfZ Vax daifu;ksa dks 140 J`a[kyk ds uacj çnku fd, gSaA bldk eryc dksbZ Hkh dkWy vxj 140 dh 'kq#vkr okys uacj ls vkrk gS] ;kuh og VsyhekdsfZ Vax daifu;ksa }kjk fd;k x;k dkWy gSA bls lquuk ;k ugha lquus dh vktknh vc eksckby/VsyhQksu miHkksäk ds gkFk esa gSA Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj fu;ked çkf/kdj.k us VsyhekdsZfVax daifu;ksa ij ;g Hkh çfrcU/k yxk;k gS fd ;fn dksbZ VsyhQksu ;k eksckby miHkksäk us jk"Vªh; xzkgd çkFkfedrk jftLVj ¼NCPR: National Customer Preference Registry] ,ulhihvkj½ esa viuk iathdj.k ugha Hkh djok;k gS rks Hkh jkr ds 9 cts ls lqcg ds 9 cts rd fdlh dks dkWy ugha fd;k tk ldrk gSA blds mya?ku ds fy, fu;ked us 2A5 yk[k :i;s dk naM dk çko/kku Hkh j[kk gSA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj fu;ked çkf/kdj.k us VsyhekdsfZ Vax daifu;ksa }kjk 85 djksM+ ls vf/kd eksckby vkSj 3A4 djksM+ ls T;knk ySaMykbu Qksu miHkksäk dks vupkgh dkWyksa vkSj ,l,e,l ij jksd yxkus ds fy, blls iwoZ 1 tuojh 2011] 31 tuojh 2011] 1 ekpZ 2011] vkSj 1 vçSy 2011 dh le; lhek r; dh Fkh] ftls rduhdh dkj.kksa ls c<+k;k tkrk jgk FkkA lkoZtfud futh Hkkxhnkjh vuqeksnu lfefr }kjk 9773 djksM+ :i, ls vf/kd ewY; dh ifj;kstukvksa dks eatwjh foÙk ea=ky; esa vkfFkZd ekeyksa ds lfpo dh v/;{krk esa 44 oha lkoZtfud futh Hkkxhnkjh vuqeksnu lfefr ¼ihihih,lh½ dh cSBd 20 twu 2011 dks laiUu gqbZ vkSj mlesa lM+d ifjogu vkSj jktekxZ ea=ky; ds 6 çLrkoksa dks vuqeksnu çnku fd;k x;kA ;s çLrko 5 jkT;ksa esa gSaA vuqeksfnr çLrko dh vuqekfur ifj;kstuk ykxr 9773A85 djksM+ :i, gSA fofnr gks fd ihihih,lh us tuojh 2006 esa vius xBu ds ckn ls 224464A51 djksM+ :i, dh vuqekfur ifj;kstuk ykxr okys 226 çLrkoksa dks vuqeksnu çnku fd;k gS] buesa ls jk"Vªh; jktekxZ ds 117 çLrko] i;ZVu cqfu;knh <kaps dk ,d çLrko] jsyos dk ,d çLrko vkSj [ksy&dwn LVsfM;eksa ds 5 çLrko 'kkfey gSaA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 135 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 42. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books Qjojh esa ns'k ds vkB cqfu;knh m|ksxksa dh o`f) nj 6.8 çfr'kr jgh 2012 dks;yk] fctyh vkSj lhesV ds mRiknu esa csgrj çn'kZu ls a Qjojh 2012 ds nkSjku ns'k ds vkB cqfu;knh m|ksxksa dh o`f) nj 6A8 çfr'kr jgh] tcfd o"kZ 2011 dh blh vof/k esa ;g 6A4 çfr'kr FkhA tuojh 2012 esa ;g 0A5 çfr'kr dh nj ls c<+kA ;g vkadM+s 29 ekpZ 2012 dks tkjh fd, x,A Qjojh 2012 ds nkSjku fctyh] dks;yk vkSj lhesV m|ksx esa o`f) nj Øe'k: 8 a çfr'kr] 17.8 çfr'kr vkSj 10.8 çfr'kr jghA Qjojh 2011 esa fctyh vkSj lhesV m|ksx esa o`f) nj Øe'k: 7.2 çfr'kr] a 6A5 çfr'kr jgh FkhA ogha dks;ys esa o`f) nj 'kwU; ls uhps 5A8 çfr'kr jgh FkhA bl nkSjku isVªksfy;e 'kks/ku mRiknksa ds mRiknu esa 6.2 çfr'kr dh c<+ksrjh ntZ dh xbZ tks fd Qjojh 2011 esa 3.2 çfr'kr FkhA gkykafd çk—frd xSl dk mRiknu udkjkRed 7.6 çfr'kr jgkA moZjd vkSj bLikr ds mRiknu esa Øe'k% 4.1 çfr'kr vkSj 4.3 çfr'kr dh o`f) ntZ dh xbZ tks fd o"kZ 2011 dh blh vof/k esa Øe'k% 4.8 çfr'kr vkSj 18.5 çfr'kr jgh FkhA bl çdkj vçSy&Qjojh 2011&12 ds nkSjku cqfu;knh m|ksxksa dh o`f) nj foÙko"kZ 2010&11 dh blh vof/k ds 5.8 çfr'kr ls ?kVdj 4.4 çfr'kr jg xbZA dsaæ ljdkj }kjk isa'ku {ks= esa 26 Qhlnh rd çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k dks eatwjh çnku dsæ ljdkj us isa'ku {ks= esa 26 Qhlnh rd çR;{k fons'kh a fuos'k dks 16 uoacj 2011 dks eatwjh nhA dsæ ljdkj }kjk isa'ku a QaM fu;eu o fodkl çkf/kdj.k fo/ks;d 2011 esa ;g eatwjh nh xbZA dsæ ljdkj }kjk eatwj isa'ku QaM fu;eu o fodkl çkf/ a kdj.k fo/ks;d 2011 ds rgr isa'ku {ks= esa fuos'k djus okys fuos'kdksa dks U;wure fjVuZ dh dksbZ xkjaVh ugha feyus dk çko/kku Hkh j[kk x;k gSA fuos'kdksa dks cktkj Hkko ds vuqlkj gh fjVuZ fn, tkus dk çko/kku gSA isa'ku QaM ls ifjiDork vfof/k dh lekfIr ls igys jde fudklh dks jksdus gsrq dsæ ljdkj us dM+s a çko/kku yxk, gSaA blds rgr ?kkrd chekjh tSls csgn t:jh ekeyksa dks NksM+dj vU; fdlh Hkh ekeys esa isa'ku QaM ls fu/kkZfjr vof/k ls igys jkf'k fudkyus ij jksd yxkbZ xbZ gSA lxs&lacaf/k;ksa dh 'kknh esa Hkh isa'ku QaM ls iSlk fudkyus dh vuqefr ugha nh xbZ gSA KkrO; gks fd dsæh; foÙk ea=ky; dh LFkk;h lfefr us isa'ku a QaM fu;eu o fodkl çkf/kdj.k fo/ks;d 2011 esa isa'ku {ks= esa 26 Qhlnh rd çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k dks 'kkfey djus dh flQkfj'k dh FkhA gkykafd lfefr }kjk isa'ku {ks= esa fuos'k djus okys fuos'kdksa dks U;wure fjVuZ feyus dh xkjaVh okyh flQkfj'k dks dsæ ljdkj us fo/ks;d esa 'kkfey ugha fd;kA fuos'kdksa dks isa'ku a QaM ls vklkuh ls jkf'k fudkyus dh NwV laca/kh flQkfj'k dks Hkh dsæ ljdkj }kjk udkj fn;k x;k a oSf'od vkfFkZd ladV ds dkj.k vxLr 2011 esa Hkkjrh; vkbVh daifu;ksa esa 49 Qhlnh fu;qfä;ka ?kVh vesfjdk vkSj ;wjksih; {ks= esa vkfFkZd ladV ds dkj.k vxLr 2011 ds nkSjku Hkkjrh; vkbVh daifu;ksa esa 49 Qhlnh fu;qfä;ka ?kVhA fu;qfä esa lg;ksx nsus okyh daiuh ekbZ gkbfjax Dyc MkWV dkWe ds }kjk ;g vkadM+k flracj 2011 ds çFke lIrkg esa fn;k x;kA tqykbZ 2011 ds eqdkcys vxLr ds nkSjku vkbVh fu;qfä xfrfof/k;ksa esa 49 çfr'kr fxjkoV ntZ dh xbZA gkykafd ,Q,elhth] cSafdax] nwjlapkj vkSj vkWVkseksckbYl {ks= dh fu;qfä esa 14 çfr'kr o`f) ns[kh xbZA KkrO; gks fd 60 vjc MkWyj ds Hkkjrh; vkbVh m|ksx dk djhc 60 çfr'kr vk; vesfjdk ls vkrk gSA ekbZ gkbfjax Dyc MkWV dkWe ds vuqlkj lwpuk çkS|ksfxdh {ks= esa fu;qfä xfrfof/k;ksa esa rsth vkus esa nks&rhu eghus dk le; yx ldrk gS bZih,Q çca/ku dh ftEesnkjh ,lchvkb lfgr pkj foÙkh; laLFkkuksa dks deZpkjh Hkfo"; fuf/k ds [kkrksa esa tek yxHkx 3A5 yk[k djksM+ #i;s ds çca/ku dh ftEesnkjh Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad ;kuh ,lchvkb ds vykok rhu vU; foÙkh; laLFkkuksa dks fn;k x;kA ;s Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 136 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 43. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books rhu vU; foÙkh; laLFkku gSa& vkblhvkblhvkb flD;ksfjVht] fjyk;al dSfiVy vkSj ,p,lchlh ,lsV eSustesV daiuhA a ,Mhch }kjk Hkkjrh; jsyos ds jsyos lsDVj buosLVesaV dk;ZØe dks 50 djksM+ MkWyj dk dtZ deZpkjh Hkfo"; fuf/k laxBu ds dsæh; U;klh cksMZ ¼CBT: a central board of trustees, lhchVh½ dh 14 tqykbZ 2011 dks gqbZ cSBd esa ;g fu.kZ; fy;k x;kA dsæh; Je ea=ky; ds a vuqlkj bu pkjksa foÙkh; laLFkkuksa dh fu;qfä rhu o"kksaZ ds fy, gqbZ gSA ijarq bu laLFkkuksa ds çn'kZu ij yxkrkj utj j[kus ds m|s'; ls ,d o"kZ ckn buds dkedkt leh{kk dh tkuh gSA Hkkjr ds O;Lr jsyekxksaZ ij ;krk;kr vkSj eky<qykbZ lsokvksa es a lq/ kkj ds fy, ,f'k;kbZ fodkl cSa d ¼ADB: Asian development bank] ,Mhch½ us Hkkjrh; jsyos dks 50 djksM+ MkWyj dk dtZ eatwj fd;kA ,f'k;kbZ fodkl cSad ds funs'kd eaMy us jsyos lsDVj buosLVesV çksxzke gsrq ;g dtZ flracj 2011 ds a çFke lIrkg esa eatwj fd;kA KkrO; gks fd blds igys Hkh o"kZ 2008 esa ,lchvkb lfgr pkj foÙkh; laLFkkuksa dks ;g ftEesnkjh nh xbZ FkhA budk dk;Zdky 31 ekpZ 2011 dks lekIr gks x;k FkkA mlls igys o"kZ 2008 rd Hkfo"; fuf/k dks"k ds fuos'k dh ftEesnkjh ,lchvkb dh FkhA rc dsæ ljdkj us csgrj fjVuZ dk rdZ nsrs gq, futh {ks= ds a foÙkh; laLFkkuksa dks Hkh bldh vuqefr nh FkhA ,f'k;kbZ fodkl cSad }kjk Hkkjrh; jsyos dks 25 o"kksaZ ds fy, ;g dtZ fn;k x;kA dtZ fofHkUu fdLrksa esa miyC/k djk;k tkuk gSA blds lkFk gh Hkkjrh; jsyos dh ifjpkyu n{krk esa lq/kkj ds fy, ,Mhch jsyos dh ys[kkadu lq/kkjksa esa Hkh enn djsxkA fQp }kjk vesfjdk dh Hkfo"; esa jsfVax fLFkj ls ?kVkdj udkjkRed varjjk"Vªh; jsfVax ,tsalh fQp us vesfjdh lk[k dh Hkfo"; jsfVax dks fLFkj ls ?kVkdj udkjkRed Js.kh esa 29 uoacj 2011 dks Mky fn;kA jsfVax ,tsalh fQp us vesfjdh dkaxzsl dh dtZ lfefr dks lgefr dk;e djus esa feyh vlQyrk dks vk/kkj crk dj lk[k dks udkjkRed djus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA jsfVax ,tsalh fQp ds yxk, x, vuqeku ds vuqlkj vesfjdh dtZ n'kd 2011&21 esa ns'k ds ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ds 90 Qhlnh rd igqap tk,xk] tks orZeku esa 70 Qhlnh gSA lkFk gh vesfjdk esa dqy dj olwyh dk 20 Qhlnh C;kt pqdkus esa [kpZ djuk iM+ ldrk gSA varjjk"Vªh; jsfVax ,tsalh fQp us gkykafd vesfjdk dh orZeku lk[k dks 'kh"kZ ,,, jsfVax ij gh j[kk gSA lkFk gh fQp ds vuqlkj vesfjdh vFkZO;oLFkk orZeku esa fo'o esa lcls vf/kd mRiknd gS vkSj vesfjdh dtZi=ksa dk cktkj fo'o dk lcls cM+k cktkj gSA KkrO; gks fd varjjk"Vªh; jsfVax ,tsalh LVSaMMZ ,aM iqvlZ vkSj ewMht us vesfjdh lk[k dks vDVwcj 2011 esa gh ?kVk fn;k FkkA jsyos lsDVj buosLVesV çksxzke ds rgr vfrfjä jsy ykbusa a fcNkus vkSj ekStwnk lSdM+ksa fdyksehVj VªSd ds fo|qrhdj.k ds vykok ubZ flXuy O;oLFkk yxkbZ tkuh gSA NÙkhlx<+] mM+hlk] egkjk"Vª] dukZVd vkSj vka/kz çns'k esa eky <qykbZ vkSj ;k=h ekxksaZ esa lq/kkj fd;k tkuk gSA blds vykok bl ;kstuk esa Lof.kZr prqHkqZt xfy;kjk Hkh 'kkfey gS tks psUubZ] dksydkrk] eqacbZ vkSj ubZ fnYyh dks tksM+rk gSA jsyos lsDVj buosLVesV çksxzke ij 1.1 vjc MkWyj dk [kpZ a vkus dk vuqeku gSA blesa ls Hkkjr ljdkj 64.4 djksM+ MkWyj ls vf/kd jkf'k miyC/k djk;k tkuk gSA blls çR;{k ,oa vçR;{k :i ls djhc 2.1 djksM+ yksx ykHkkfUor gksaxsA KkrO; gks fd foÙk o"kZ 2010&11 esa Hkkjrh; jsy ls 7 vjc ;kf=;ksa us ;k=k dh vkSj 80 djksM+ Vu eky <qykbZ dhA o"kZ 2011&12 esa Hkkjr esa dikl mRiknu vuqeku 3A42 djksM + xkaB vesfjdh —f"k foHkkx us foi.ku o"kZ 2011&12 ds fy, Hkkjr esa dikl mRiknu vuqeku 3.42 djksM+ xkaB j[kkA vesfjdh —f"k foHkkx us vius iwoZ dikl mRiknu vuqeku esa 7.50 yk[k xkBsa ?kVkdj ;g vuqeku yxk;kA vesfjdh —f"k foHkkx ds vuqlkj Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 137 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 44. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books egkjk"Vª esa dikl mRiknu ?kVus dh vk'kadk ds dkj.k foi.ku o"kZ 2011&12 ds fy, Hkkjr esa dikl mRiknu vuqeku ?kVk;k x;kA blls iwoZ vesfjdh —f"k foHkkx us 3.5 djksM+ xkaB dikl mRiknu dk vuqeku trk;k FkkA ;w,lMh, us ljdkjh laLFkk Hkkjrh; dikl fuxe dks dikl mRiknu ds ?kVk, x, vuqeku dh tkudkjh fnlacj 2011 ds vafre lIrkg esa nhA —f"k ea=ky; us o"kZ 2011&12 esa 3.61 djksM+ xkaB dikl dk mRiknu gksus dk vuqeku trk;k gSA tcfd eqcbZ fLFkr dikl ijke'kZ cksMZ us a 3.56 djksM+ xkaB mRiknu dk vuqeku O;ä fd;k gSA o"kZ 2011&12 esa egkjk"Vª esa ikS/kksa ds fodkl ds fy, ekSle dh fLFkfr de vuqdy jgh gSA [kkldj dikl mRiknd {ks= fonHkZ esa ekSle dh w fLFkfr vuqdy ugha jgh gSA KkrO; gks fd dikl dh ,d xkaB esa w 170 fdyksxzke gksrk gSA cqfu;knh <kapk laca/kh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr }kjk 1814 fdyksehVj yach iaæg lM+d ifj;kstukvksa dks eatwjh cqfu;knh <kapk laca/kh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr us 16 uoacj 2011 dks 1814 fdyksehVj yach iaæg lM+d ifj;kstukvksa dks eatwjh nhA buesa nl ifj;kstuk,a jk"Vªh; jktekxZ çkf/kdj.k] nks jktLFkku yksd fuekZ.k foHkkx vkSj rhu e/; çns'k lM+d fodkl fuxe }kjk cuk;k tkuk gSA dsæh; lM+d ifjogu ,oa jktekxZ a ea=ky; ds vuqlkj eatwj dh xbZ lM+d ifj;kstukvksa ds fuekZ.k ij 15680 djksM+ #i;s dh jkf'k [kpZ gksus dh laHkkouk gSA eatwj dh xbZ iaæg lM+d ifj;kstukvksa esa mÙkj çns'k dh pkj ;kstuk,a gSa & y[kuÅ ls jk;cjsyh ¼pkj ysu½] jkeiqj ls dkBxksnke ¼pkj ysu½] vkxjk ls bVkok ¼Ng ysu½ vkSj bVkok ls dkuqij ¼Ng ysu½ jk"Vªh; vkokl cSad }kjk le; ls igys vkokl _.k pqdkus ij tqekZuk ugha yxkus ds funsZ'k vkokl fuekZ.k {ks= ds fu;ked jk"Vªh; vkokl cSad us vkokl _.k xzkgdksa }kjk le; ls igys vkokl _.k pqdkus ij vkokl _.k çnkrk daifu;ksa dks tqekZuk ugha ysus dk funsZ'k fn;kA jk"Vªh; vkokl cSad us 20 vDVwcj 2011 dks bl laca/k esa ,d vf/klwpuk tkjh dhA jk"Vªh; vkokl cSad us tkjh vf/klwpuk esa vkokl _.k çnkrk daifu;ksa dks ,d tSls çksQkby okys lHkh iqjkus vkSj u, xzkgdksa ds fy, leku C;kt njsa j[kus dk Hkh funsZ'k fn;kA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjr esa ,pMh,Qlh gksEl] ,yvkblh gkmflax Qkbusl] a nhoku gkmflax] ih,uch gkmflax Qkbusl vkSj lgkjk gkmflax a lfgr yxHkx 54 daifu;ka vkokl _.k çnkrk gSaA oLrq o lsok dj gsrq jkT;ksa ds foÙk eaf=;ksa dh vf/kdkj çkIr lfefr oLrq o lsok dj ij lgefr vkSj mlds fØ;kUo;u ds fy, jkT;ksa ds foÙk eaf=;ksa dh vf/kdkj çkIr lfefr dk v/;{k fcgkj ds mi&eq[;ea=h lq'khy dqekj eksnh dks cuk;k x;kA th,lVh ij jkT;ksa ds foÙk eaf=;ksa dh cSBd esa 18 tqykbZ 2011 dks fnYyh dh eq[;ea=h 'khyk nhf{kr us lq'khy dqekj eksnh dks lfefr dk v/;{k cukus dk çLrko fd;kA bls loZlEefr ls Lohdkj dj fy;k x;kA fcgkj ds mi&eq[;ea=h lq'khy dqekj eksnh ls iwoZ if'pe caxky ds iwoZ foÙk ea=h vlhe nklxqIrk lfefr ds v/;{k FksA oLrq o lsok dj ij lgefr vkSj mlds fØ;kUo;u ds fy, jkT;ksa ds foÙk eaf=;ksa dh vf/kdkj çkIr lfefr ds v/;{k fcgkj ds mi&eq[;ea=h lq'khy dqekj eksnh ds vuqlkj th,lVh ij pkj eqíksa ij jkT;ksa dk fojks/k gSA igyk] çk—frd vkink ij jkT;ksa dks dj yxkus dh NwVA nwljk] dks;yk mRiknd jkT; dks;ys dks th,lVh ls ckgj j[kuk pkgrs gSaA rhljk] dqN jkT; pqaxh [kRe gksus ls ijs'kku gSaA vkSj pkSFkk o vafre] th,lVh ds fooknksa ds fuiVkjs ds fy, çkf/kdj.k xBu ds eqís ij dqN jkT;ksa dks vkifÙk gSA fjyk;al baMLVªht ds dsth&Mh6 CykWd ls xSl dk mRiknu ?kVdj çfrfnu 3A98 djksM+ ?ku ehVj fjyk;al baMLVªht ds dsth&Mh6 CykWd ls xSl dk mRiknu ?kVdj çfrfnu 3.98 djksM+ ?ku ehVj jg x;k gSA bl CykWd ls xSl mRiknu dk ;g 2009 ds ckn dk lcls fupyk Lrj gSA fjyk;al baMLVªht }kjk 15 fnlacj 2011 dks rsy ea=ky; dks Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 138 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 45. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books lkSaih fLFkfr fjiksVZ esa ;g vkadM+s fn, x,A ekpZ 2010 esa dsth&Mh6 CykWd ls jkstkuk 6.15 djksM+ ?ku ehVj mRiknu gks jgk FkkA mRiknu esa deh dh çeq[k otg dqvksa esa ncko dk ?kVuk crk;k x;kA blds lkFk gh fjiksVZ esa Mh1 o Mh3 xSl {ks= ls 3.294 djksM+ ?kuehVj çfrfnu vkSj ,e, rsy {ks= ls 68.6 yk[k ?ku ehVj çfrfnu mRiknu ds vkadM+s Hkh 'kkfey gSaA KkrO; gks fd dsth&Mh6 CykWd caxky dh [kkM+h esa —".kk xksnkojh ?kkVh esa fLFkr gSA Mh6 CykWd dh fodkl ;kstuk dks o"kZ 2006 esa eatwjh nh xbZ FkhA eatwjh ds vuqlkj bldk mRiknu vc rd 7.039 djksM+ ?kuehVj çfr fnu gksuk pkfg, FkkA dsth&Mh6 CykWd esa fjyk;al dh 60 çfr'kr] chih ih,ylh dh 30 çfr'kr vkSj fudks fjlkslsZt ¼dukMk½ dh 10 çfr'kr fgLlsnkjh gS fuf"Ø; deZpkjh Hkfo"; fuf/k [kkrksa ij 6 eghus ckn C;kt can djus dh flQkfj'k gsekuan fcLoky dh v/;{krk okyh laln dh Je laca/kh LFkk;h lfefr us vxLr 2011 esa viuh fjiksVZ is'k dhA esa flQkfj'k dh gS fd fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj fdlh Hkh dkj.k va'knku can djus okys deZpkfj;ksa ds [kkrksa ij6 ekg ckn C;kt can djus dh uhfr viukbZ tk,A fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj deZpkjh Hkfo"; fuf/k ¼bZih,Q½ ds 50 çfr'kr ls vf/kd [kkrs fuf"Ø; gSaA fuf"Ø; [kkrksa dh la[;k esa btkQk gksus dk ,d cM+k dkj.k ;g Hkh gS fd bu ij Hkh C;kt feyrk jgkA bZih,Q ds [kkrk/kkjdksa dh la[;k 55758703 gS] tcfd buesa ls 50 çfr'kr ls vf/kd vFkkZr rhu djksM+ [kkrs fuf"Ø; gSaA bu fuf"Ø; [kkrksa esa djhc 8319 djksM+ #i, dh jkf'k tek gSA lfefr us bZih,Qvks esa dkedkt dh fLFkfr ij fpark O;ä djrs gq, dgk fd fcuk bu [kkrksa ij /;ku fn, 31 ekpZ 2011 rd C;kt jkf'k tek djkbZ xbZA ftu [kkrk/kkjdksa dk irk yxk;k tk ldrk gS mUgsa 6 eghus ds Hkhrj vius iSls fudkyus dh l[r fgnk;r nh tk,A ,slk u djus dh fLFkfr esa bUgsa fuf"Ø; [kkrksa esa Mky fn;k tk,A lfefr us lq>ko fn;k gS fd fuf"Ø; deZpkjh Hkfo"; fuf/k laxBu ¼bZih,Qvks½ dks çpkj djuk pkfg, fd ljdkj us fuf"Ø; [kkrksa ij C;kt nsuk can dj fn;k gSA blls os [kkrk/kkjd grksRlkfgr gksaxs] tks ykHk ysus ds fy, bZih,Q ls /ku ugha fudkyrsA bZih,Qvks ds [kkrk/kkjdksa ds [kkrs esa 36000 djksM+ #i, tek djus dk dke yafcr gSA lfefr us flQkfj'k dh gS fd bZih,Qvks dks ;fn fdlh Hkh i{k ls jkf'k fey tkus ij vU; i{k dh çrh{kk fd, cxSj lacaf/kr O;fä ds [kkrs esa tek djk fn;k tk,A lfefr us dgk fd fdlh Hkh daiuh }kjk dkVh xbZ vkSj bZih,Qvks dks Hksth /kujkf'k dks LFkxu [kkrksa ¼lLisal ,dkmaV½ esa ugha fn[kk;k tk ldrkA fu;ksäkvksa dks fuf'pr le;lhek esa bZih,Qvks esa deZpkfj;ksa dh jkf'k tek djus dk funsZ'k fn;k tk,A ,slk ugha djus ij mUgsa psrkouh Hkh nh tk,A fofnr gks fd fuf"Ø; [kkrk og [kkrk gS ftuesa va'knku tek gksuk can gks tkrk gSA deZpkjh Hkfo"; fuf/k laxBu ¼bZih,Qvks½ 3 o"kZ rd fuf"Ø; jgus okys bZih,Q [kkrksa ij 1 vçSy 2011 ls C;kt nsuk can dj fn;k gSA vfuoklh Hkkjrh; o Hkkjrh; ewy ds O;fä vius [kkrs esa dksbZ Hkh eqæk j[k ldrs gSa% Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad vfuoklh Hkkjrh; o Hkkjrh; ewy ds O;fä vius ,uvkjvkb [kkrs esa dksbZ Hkh eqæk j[k ldrs gSaA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us blls lacaf/kr vf/klwpuk 19 vDVwcj 2011 dks tkjh dhA ;g vf/ klwpuk fons'kh eqæk çca/ku vf/kfu;e 1999 ds rgr dh xbZA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dh vf/klwpuk ds }kjk Hkkjr esa vf/k— r Mhyj dks fdlh Hkh eatwjh okyh djslh esa fons'kh eqæk vfuoklh a cS a d [kkrk&c ¼ FCNRA: Foreign Currency Non Residential Account & B½ esa tek Lohdkj djus dh vuqefr nh xbZA vfuoklh Hkkjrh; ¼NRI: Non&Resident Indian½ o Hkkjrh; ewy ds O;fä ¼PIO: Person of Indian Origin½ dks bl fu.kZ; ls iwoZ vius [kkrs ikSaM] vesfjdh MkWyj] tkikuh ;su] ;wjks] dukMkbZ MkWyj o vkWLVªsfy;kbZ MkWyj tSlh dqN eqækvksa esa gh j[kus dh vuqefr Fkh Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 139 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 46. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books Qly o"kZ 2010&11 esa xsgwa vkSj nygu dh fjdkMZ iSnkokj] dqy [kk|kUu mRiknu 24A1 djksM+ Vu rFkk vesfjdk ¼38200 vjc Mkyj½ ds ckn nqfu;k dh rhljh lcls cM+h vFkZO;oLFkk okyk ns'k gksxkA twu 2011 esa [kRe gq, Qly o"kZ 2010&11 esa Hkkjr esa [kk|kUu dh 24A1 djksM+ Vu fjdkWMZ iSnkokj gqbZA dsæh; —f"k a lfpo ihds clq us [kk|kUu mRiknu dk pkSFkk vfxze vuqeku 19 tqykbZ 2011 dks tkjh fd;kA —f"k ea=ky; dh vksj ls tkjh pkSFks o vafre vfxze vuqeku ds vuqlkj] [kk|kUu ds dqy 24.1 djksM+ Vu mRiknu esa xsgwa 8.5 djksM+ Vu] pkoy 9.5 djksM+ Vu] eksVk vukt 4.2 djksM+ Vu vkSj nygu ,d djksM+ 80.9 yk[k Vu 'kkfey gSA cSad ds vuqlkj Hkkjr ds ikl tuukadh; ykHk gSA mldh vk/kh vkcknh 25 o"kZ ls de gSA lkFk gh çfr O;fä vk; c<+us ls ?kjyw ekax c<+xhA ifj.kker% vFkZO;oLFkk dks Qk;nk gksxkA s KkrO; gks fd vçSy 2011 esa tkjh rhljs vfxze vuqeku esa mRiknu 23 djksM+ 58.8 yk[k Vu gksus dh ckr dgh xbZ FkhA blds iwoZ ds o"kZ 2009&10 esa Hkkjr esa [kk|kUu dh 21 djksM+ 81.1 yk[k Vu iSnkokj gqvk Fkk] ftlesa xsgwa mRiknu 8.8 djksM+ Vu] pkoy 8.90 djksM+ Vu] eksVk vukt 3.35 djksM+ Vu vkSj nygu 1.46 djksM+ yk[k Vu gqvk FkkA LVSaMZM pkVZMZ Xykscy fjlpZ ds vuqlkj o"kZ 2030 rd Hkkjr fo'o dh rhljh lcls cM+h vFkZO;oLFkk fo'o ds vxz.kh cSad LVSaMZM pkVZMZ Xykscy fjlpZ us bafM;k bu n lqij lkbfdy uked fjiksVZ esa o"kZ 2030 rd Hkkjr fo'o dh rhljh lcls cM+h vFkZO;oLFkk cuus dk vuqeku O;ä fd;kA ;g fjiksVZ 26 ebZ 2011 dks tkjh dh xbZA vkbZ,e,Q us o"kZ 2011 ds fy, Hkkjr dh vuqekfur vkfFkZd o`f) nj ?kVkdj 8 çfr'kr fd;k varjjk"Vªh; eqæk dks"k us o"kZ 2011 ds fy, Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd o`f) nj dk vuqeku 8.2 çfr'kr ls ?kVkdj 8 çfr'kr dj fn;kA vkbZ,e,Q }kjk ;g vuqeku 9 ebZ 2011 dks ?kVk;k x;kA ,slk mPp eqækLQhfr vkSj laiw.kZ vkfFkZd ifj–'; dks ns[krs gq, fd;kA o"kZ 2011 esa ,f'k;k esa vkfFkZd o`f) nj csgrj jgus dk vuqeku O;ä fd;k gSA phu vkSj Hkkjr }kjk bl {ks= dh vxqokbZ fd, tkus dh laHkkouk gSA tgka phu dh vkfFkZd o`f) nj 9.5 çfr'kr jgus dk vuqeku gSA fofnr gks fd varjjk"Vªh; eqæk dks"k us blls igys Hkkjr ds fy, vkfFkZd o`f) nj dk vuqeku 8.4 çfr'kr ls ?kVkdj 8.2 çfr'kr fd;k FkkA dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM us ubZ ewY; fu/kkZj.k ç.kkyh dks eatwjh çnku dh lkoZtfud daiuh dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM ds funs'kd eaMy us fjiksVZ esa etcwr ?kjsyw ekax rFkk vuqdy vkcknh dks bldk varjjk"Vªh; Lrj ij Loh—r ldy dSyksjh ¼rki dh bdkbZ½ vk/ w çeq[k dkj.k crk;k x;kA Hkkjr o"kZ 2030 rd phu ds eqdkcys kkfjr ewY; fu/kkZj.k ç.kkyh 1 tuojh 2012 ls ykxw djus dh vkSlru rhoz o`f) dj ldrk gSA varjjk"Vªh; eqæk dks"k ¼vkbZ,e,Q½ eatwjh nhA ;g eatwjh daiuh funs'kd eaMy dh 30 fnlacj 2011 ds vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj o"kZ 2010 esa cM+h vFkZO;oLFkkvksa dh lwph dks gqbZ cSBd esa nh xbZA ubZ ewY; fu/kkZj.k ç.kkyh ,dh—r mtkZ esa vesfjdk ¼14600 vjc Mkyj½] phu ¼5700 vjc Mkyj½ uhfr lfefr vkSj dks;yk {ks= lq/kkj ds fy, [kkds ij cuh rFkk tkiku ¼5400 vjc Mkyj½ Øe'k% çFke]f}rh; ,oa r`rh; fo'ks"kK lfefr dh flQkfj'k ij vk/kkfjr gSA dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM LFkku gSA lwph esa nl 'kh"kZ ns'kksa esa Hkkjr 'kkfey ugha gSaA dks egkjRu dk ntkZ çkIr gSA ubZ ç.kkyh xq.koÙkk esa lq/kkj dks LVSaMZM pkVZMZ Xykscy fjlpZ ds vuqlkj o"kZ 2030 rd çksRlkfgr djsxh] xzkgdksa dks dks;yk dh vPNh xq.koÙkk miyC/k Hkkjr 30300 vjc Mkyj ds lkFk phu ¼73500 vjc Mkyj½ gksxh vkSj dks;yk daifu;ksa dh jktLo çkfIr esa Hkh lq/kkj gksxkA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 140 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 47. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books dsaæ ljdkj }kjk ikap gtkj djksM+ #i;s ykxr dh lkr lM+d ifj;kstukvksa dks eatwjh çnku Hksy esa ljdkj dh ikap Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh ds fofuos'k dks eatwjh dsæ ljdkj us ikap gtkj djksM+ #i;s dh ykxr okyh lkr a lM+d ifj;kstukvksa dks eatwjh çnku dhA ç/kkuea=h eueksgu flag dh v/;{krk esa ifCyd çkbosV ikVZujf'ki vçsty desVh dh cSBd esa bu lM+d ifj;kstukvksa dks 14 fnlacj 2011 dks eatwjh nh xbZA ikap gtkj djksM+ #i;s dh ykxr okyh lkr lM+d ifj;kstukvksa esa jktLFkku] vksfM'kk vkSj rfeyukMq dh nks&nks vkSj egkjk"Vª dh ,d lM+d ifj;kstuk,a 'kkfey gSaA buesa jktLFkku ds mn;iqj ls xkserh pkSjkgk ds chp ,u,p&8 dh 79 fdehA lM+d 943 djksM+ dh ykxr ls cuuh gSA lhdj ls chdkusj ds chp 627.56 djksM+ dh jkf'k ls ,u,p&11 dh 237.5 fdehA ds fuekZ.k dks Loh—fr nh xbZA egkjk"Vª esa ukfld ls flUukj ds chp 320 djksM+ dh ykxr ls 25 fdehA lM+d cukus ds çLrko dks Hkh eatwjh nh xbZA vksfM'kk esa paMh[kksy&Mqcjh&rkypj ds chp 1272 djksM+ dh ykxr ls 132 fdyksehVj lM+d dk fuekZ.k gksuk gSA rfeyukMq foDdjoaMh&ehuJqrh&ratkoqj ds chp 1090 djksM+ dh ykxr ls 93 fdehA lM+d fuekZ.k ds çLrko ds lkFk gh enqjS&jkeukFkiqje ds chp 683 djksM+ dh ykxr ls 115 fdehA lM+d fuekZ.k ds çLrko dks Hkh Loh—fr çnku dh xbZA dsæ ljdkj us lkoZtkfud {ks= dh uojRu daiuh Hkkjr gSoh a bysfDVªdYl fyfeVsM esa viuh ikap Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh ds fofuos'k dks eatwjh nhA Hksy esa dsæ ljdkj dh fgLlsnkjh 67A72 Qhlnh gSA a lkoZtfud {ks= dh ,u,eMhlh vkSj :l dh bLikr daiuh vks,vks lsojLrky ds e/; la;qä m|e le>kSrk lkoZtfud {ks= dh [kuu daiuh ,u,eMhlh vkSj :l dh bLikr daiuh vks,vks lsojLrky us la;qä m|e gsrq ,d le>kSrk fd;kA ,u,eMhlh vkSj vks,vks lsojLrky ds e/; gq, bl le>kSrs ds fØ;kUo;u laca/kh çksVksdkWy ij 14 uoacj 2011 dks gLrk{kj fd, x,A ,u,eMhlh vkSj vks,vks lsojLrky ds le>kSrs ds rgr çLrkfor la;qä m|e dh {kerk çfro"kZ 30 yk[k Vu bLikr mRiknu dk gSA lkFk gh nksuksa daifu;ka la;qä m|e ds fy, dPpk eky tSls ykSg v;Ld vkSj dksfdax dksy dh miyC/krk lqfuf'pr djkus ds fy, Hkh lger gqbZaA dsaæh; eaf=eaMy dh vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh lfefr dh 30 vxLr 2011 dks gqbZ cSBd esa ;g fu.kZ; fy;k x;kA cSBd esa fy, x, fu.kZ; ds vuqlkj [kqnjk fuos'kdksa dks 'ks;j ewY; esa ikap çfr'kr dh fj;k;r nh tkuh gSA lkoZtkfud {ks= dh uojRu daiuh Hkkjr gSoh bysfDVªdYl fyfeVsM ds deZpkfj;ksa dks Hkh 'ks;j dh dher esa ikap çfr'kr dh NwV feysxhA tcfd ,Qihvks ds fy, tkjh gksus okys 'ks;jksa esa ls 10 çfr'kr 'ks;j Hksy deZpkfj;ksa ds fy, vkjf{kr gksaxsA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjh bathfu;fjax vkSj fo|qr midj.kksa ds fofuekZ.k {ks= dh bl daiuh dh pqdrk iwath 489.52 djksM+ #i;s gSA fofuos'k ds ckn Hksy esa ljdkj dh fgLlsnkjh ?kVdj 62.72 çfr'kr jg tk, dikl vkSj lwrh /kkxk fu;kZrdksa gsrq MîwVh ,aVkbVyesaV iklcqd ;kstuk iqu% ykxw djus dk fu.kZ; okf.kT;] m|ksx vkSj VsDlVkby ea=ky; us dikl vkSj lwrh /kkxk fu;kZrdksa gsrq MîwVh ,aVkbVyesV iklcqd ;kstuk ¼DEPB: a Duty Entitlement Pass Book] Mhbihch½ iqu% ykxw djus dk fu.kZ; 26 tqykbZ 2011 dks fy;kA Mhbihch ;kstuk ds rgr dikl fu;kZr ij vçSy 2010 ls vkSj lwrh /kkxs ij vçSy 2011 ls ykHk feyuk gSA KkrO; gks fd 1 vDVwcj 2010 ls MîwVh ,aVkbVyesV iklcqd ;kstuk ¼DEPB: Duty Entitlement a Pass Book] Mhbihch½ dks dikl vkSj lwrh /kkxk fu;kZrdksa ds fy, gVk fy;k x;k FkkA Mhbihch ;kstuk ds rgr fu;kZrdksa dks fj;k;rh njksa ij vk;kr dh lqfo/kk feyrh gSA ysfdu dsoy mUgha oLrqvksa dk vk;kr bl ;kstuk ds rgr fd;k tk ldrk gS] tks vk;kr ds fy, çfrcaf/kr lwph esa 'kkfey ugha gSa Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 141 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  • 48. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books esdekbZfVªi MkV dke vkSj VwfjTe vFkkfjVh vkQ FkkbySaM ds e/; le>kSrk esdekbZfVªi MkV dke us VwfjTe vFkkfjVh vkQ FkkbySaM ds lkFk ,d le>kSrk fd;kA bl le>kSrs dk mís'; fnYyh ¼Hkkjr½ vkSj QqdV ds chp lh/kh pkVZMZ mM+ku 'kq: djuk gSA ;g lsok 10 s ebZ 2011 ls tqykbZ 2011 ds e/; rd nh tkuh gSA VwfjTe vFkkfjVh vkQ FkkbySaM] FkkbZySaM dh ,d i;ZVu ,stsalh gS] tcfd esdekbZfVªi MkV dke Hkkjr dh uacj 1 vkuykbu i;ZVu lsok çnkrk daiuh gSA QqdsV FkkbZySaM dk ,d i;ZVd LFky gSA esdekbZfVªi MkV dke igys ls gh ekynho] vaMeku yík[k vkSj HkwVku dks lsok çnku dj jgh gSA fdaxfQ'kj ,;jykbUl esdekbZfVªi mM+ku dh ,;jykbUl fgLlsnkj gSA Hkkjr esa vxLr 2011 ds var rd eksckby xzkgdksa dh la[;k 86.57 djksM+ Hkkjr esa vxLr 2011 ds var rd eksckby xzkgdksa dh la[;k 86.57 djksM+ gks xbZA tqykbZ 2011 ds eqdkcys bl la[;k esa 0-86 Qhlnh dh c<+ksrjh gqbZ gS vkSj bl eghus eksckby lsok çnkrk daifu;ksa us dqy 73.4 yk[k u, xzkgd tksM+sA nwjlapkj fu;ked VªkbZ ds vuqlkj vxLr 2011 ds var rd dqy nwjlapkj miHkksäkvksa dh la[;k 89.97 djksM+ gks xbZA blls ns'k esa dqy nwjlapkj ?kuRo 74.96 ¼çfr 100 O;fä½ gks x;kA VªkbZ ds vuqlkj vxLr 2011 ds var rd ns'k esa ySaMykbu miHkksäkvksa dh la[;k ?kVdj 3.40 djksM+ gks xbZA tqykbZ 2011 esa ;g la[;k 3.41 djksM+ FkhA vxLr 2011 ds var rd Hkkjr esa czkWMcSaM miHkksäkvksa dh la[;k vkaf'kd :i ls c<+dj 1.26 djksM+ gks xbZA tqykbZ 2011 esa ;g la[;k 1.25 djksM+ FkhA vxLr 2011 esa yxHkx 1.86 djksM+ miHkksäkvksa us vius Qksu uacj ds lkFk lsok çnkrk daiuh cnyus ds fy, eksckby uacj iksVsZfcfyVh ds fy, vkosnu fd;kA vxLr 2011 esa vkbfM;k lsY;wyj ds miHkksäkvksa dh la[;k lcls T;knk c<+hA vkbfM;k lsY;wyj us bl nkSjku 23.3 yk[k u, miHkksäk tksM+sA blls daiuh ds dqy xzkgdksa dh la[;k c<+dj 9-84 djksM+ gks xbZA Hkkjrh ,;jVsy us vxLr 2011 esa 11 -5 yk[k miHkksäk tksM+s vkSj blds dqy miHkksäkvksa dh la[;k 17 -18 djksM+ gks xbZA fjyk;al dE;wfuds'kUl tqykbZ 2011 esa u, miHkksäk tksM+us ds fygkt ls vOoy jgh Fkh] ysfdu vxLr 2011 esa ;g rhljs LFkku ij vk xbZA bl eghus daiuh us 12.7 yk[k u, miHkksäk tksM+s vkSj ftlls blds dqy xzkgdksa dh la[;k 14.60 djksM+ gks xbZA oksMkQksu us vxLr 2011 esa 11.3 yk[k u, miHkksäk tksM+sA blds dqy xzkgdksa dh la[;k 14.41 djksM+ gks xbZA ,;jlsy us bl nkSjku 6 yk[k miHkksäk tksM+sA ljdkjh daiuh ch,l,u,y ds miHkksäkvksa dh la[;k bl nkSjku 2.6 yk[k c<+h vkSj dqy miHkksäkvksa dh la[;k c<+dj 9.54 djksM+ gks xbZA eksckby uacj iksVsZfcfyVh ds fy, vkosnu djus okys jkT; esa xqtjkr lcls Åij jgkA ;gka 17 yk[k miHkksäkvksa us blds fy, vkosnu fd;kA blds ckn egkjk"Vª esa 14.7 yk[k vkSj dukZVd esa 14 yk[k miHkksäkvksa us ,e,uih dk fodYi pqukA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 142 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
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  • 54. UPSCPORTAL Study Kits for IAS, Civil Services & Other Exams Study Kit for Preliminary Examinations: Ø IAS (Pre) GS Paper 1 http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/ias-pre-csat-paper-1 Ø IAS (Pre) GS Paper 2 http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/ias-pre-csat-paper-2 Ø GS Foundation Course (PT+ MAINS) for 2014 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/ias-pre/general-studies-foundation-course Study Kit for Mains Examinations: Ø Contemporary Issues http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/contemporary-issues-ias-mains Ø Public Administration http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/ias-mains-public-adminstration Ø Essay Writing http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/essay-mains Ø English Grammar & Comprehension http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/ias-mains-english-compulsory Ø History http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/ias-mains-history Ø Philosophy http://upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/ias-mains-philosophy Ø Sociology http://upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/ias-mains-sociology Ø General Studies http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/gs-mains Study Kit for UPSC Other Examinations: Ø Indian Police Service Limited Competitive Examination http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/ips-lce Ø Armed Police Forces (CAPF) http://upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit/capf Study Kit for Other Examinations: Ø SSC Combined Graduate Level (Tier - I) http://sscportal.in/community/study-kit/cgl Ø SSC Combined Graduate Level Examination (Tier - II) http://sscportal.in/community/study-kit/cgl-tier-2 Ø SSC Combined Higher Secondary Level (10+2) Examination http://sscportal.in/community/study-kit/chsle