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Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
Free e-book-samsamyiki-2012-economic
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  1. 1. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books 4 vFkZO;oLFkk dsaæh; ctV 2012&13 foÙkea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ }kjk yksdlHkk esa is'k% ,d utj foÙkea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us dsæh; ctV 2012&13 yksd lHkk a esa is'k fd;kA 16 ekpZ 2012 dks is'k fd, x, ctV esa çkFkfedrkvksa ds vuq:i ikap mís';ksa dh igpku dh xbZ] ftuds fØ;kUo;u esa foÙk o"kZ 2012&13 esa tksj nsuk gSA ;s ikap mís'; gSa & ¼1½ ?kjsyw ekax ls vfHkçsfjr fodkl iqu:RFkku ij /;ku dsfUær djuk] ¼2½ futh fuos'k esa mPp o`f) ds rhoz iqu:RFkku ds fy, fLFkfr;ka iSnk djuk] ¼3½ —f"k] ÅtkZ vkSj ifjogu {ks=ksa] fo'ks"kdj dks;yk] fo|qr] jk"Vªh; jktekxZ] jsyos vkSj ukxj foekuu esa vkiwfrZ laca/kh ck/kk,a nwj djuk ¼4½ fo'ks"k :i ls dqiks"k.k dh leL;k ls vR;f/kd xzLr nks lkS ftyksa esa dqiks"k.k dh leL;k ls futkr ikus ds fy, fu.kkZ;d mik; djuk vkSj ¼5½ forj.k ç.kkfy;ksa] xousl vkSj ikjnf'kZrk esa lq/kkj ykus vkSj dkys/ku rFkk Za lkoZtfud thou esa Hkz"Vkpkj dh leL;k ls fuiVus ds fy, fd, tk jgs fu.kZ;ksa ds lefUor dk;kZUo;u esa rsth ykukA dsaæh; ctV 2012&13 % v o"kZ 2012&13 esa 9]69]900 djksM+ #i;s ds xSj&;kstukc) [kpsZ dk vuqeku] tcfd ;kstukc) [kpZ 5]21]025 djksM+ #i;s gksus dk vuqeku] tks fd o"kZ 2011&12 ds ctV vuqeku ls 18 çfr'kr vf/kd gSA v o"kZ 2012&13 ds nkSjku ldy ?kjsyw mRikn o`f) 7A6 çfr'kr gksus dk vuqekuA blesa 0A25 çfr'kr dh deh ;k vf/kdrk gks ldrh gSA v o"kZ 2012&13 esa foÙkh; ?kkVk ldy ?kjsyw mRikn dk 5A1 çfr'kr jgus dk vuqekuA v j{kk lsokvksa ds fy, 1]93]407 djksM+ #i;s dk çko/kku fd;k x;kA ftlesa iwath O;; gsrq 79]579 djksM+ #i;s 'kkfey gSaA v lkekU; Js.kh ds djnkrkvksa dh vk;dj NwV lhek dks 1 yk[k 80 gtkj #i;s ls c<+kdj 2 yk[k #i;s fd;k x;kA çfr'kr dh vf/kdre vk; dj lhek LySc dks yk[k #i;s ls c<+kdj 10 yk[k #i;s fd;k x;kA v 20 ,d utj 8 v ldy dj çkfIr;ka vuqeku gSA djksM+ #i;s gksus dk v cpr cSad [kkrksa ij djnkrkvksa dks 10 gtkj #i;s rd ds C;kt ij NwV dk çLrkoA v o"kZ 2012&13 ds dqy O;; gsrq 14]90]925 djksM+ #i;s dh ctVh; O;oLFkk,aA v fuokjd fpfdRlk tkap ds fy, dk çLrkoA 10]77]612 Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 5 gtkj #i;s rd dh NwV 95 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  2. 2. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v ftu ofj"B ukxfjdksa dh dkjksckj ls dksbZ vk; ugha gS] mUgsa vfxze dj Hkqxrku ls NwV dk çLrkoA v udn lqiqnxhZ ysu&nsuksa ij çfrHkwfr ysu&nsu dj esa çfr'kr rd deh dk çLrkoA xfr dh jsyxkfM+;ksa ds fy, ykbuksa ds uohuhdj.k esa vko';d midj.kksa ij cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd dks ?kVkus dk çLrkoA 20 v v udkjkRed lwph okyh 17 lsokvksa dks NksMdj lHkh lsokvksa + ij dj dk çLrkoA v lsok dj fu;eksa dks ?kVkdj djhc tkukA v dsUæh; mRikn 'kqYd vkSj lsok dj ds fy, ,d gh ljy iathdj.k QkeZ vkSj lk>k fooj.khA v lsok dj fooknksa ds fuiVkjs ds fy, la'kksf/kr vkosnu çkf/ kdj.k vkSj fuiVku vk;ksx dh 'kq:vkr dk çLrkoA v dsUæh; mRikn 'kqYd vkSj lsok dj ds fy, leku dj lfgark dh laHkkouk ds fy, v/;;u ny dk xBuA v jktdks"kh; lq/kkj ds rgr mRikn 'kqYd dh ekud nj dqN fj;k;rksa ds lkFk 10 çfr'kr ls c<+kdj 12 çfr'kr] esfjV nj 5 ls 6 çfr'kr vkSj fuEu esfjV nj c<+kdj 1 ls 2 çfr'kr dh xbZA v bLikr] oL= m|ksx] czkaMsM jsfMesM diM+ksa] de ykxr okys fpfdRlk midj.kksa] ty mi;ksx dh oLrq,a rS;kj djus okys Je ç/kku v/kZ;kaf=d m|ksxksa tSls fn;klykbZ vkfn dks jkgr dk çLrkoA v Ng thou j{kd fof'k"V vkS"kf/k;ksa rFkk Vhdksa ls mRikn 'kqYd iwjh rjg [kRe djus rFkk cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd ij 5 çfr'kr dh fj;k;r ds foLrkj dk çLrkoA v efgykvksa vkSj cPpksa esa çksVhu dh deh dks nwj djus ds fy, lks;k mRiknksa ij cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd vkSj mRikn 'kqYd ?kVk;k x;kA v vk;ksMhu ij cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd vkSj mRikn 'kqYd ?kVk;k x;kA v fctyh cpkus okys midj.kksa dh [kir dks çksRlkfgr djus vkSj lkSj rki ifj;kstukvksa ds fy, vko';d la;a= vkSj midj.kksa ds fy, fj;k;rksa ,oa NwV dk çLrkoA v lksuk ,oa vU; egaxh /kkrqvksa ds vk;kr ij lhek 'kqYd c<+kus dk çLrkoA v gkFk ls cuh chM+h] dqN lhxjsVksa] iku elkyk] pckus okys rEckdw] dPpk rEckdw rFkk tnkZ ,oa lqxaf/kr rEckdw tSlh cqjh oLrqvksa ij mRikn 'kqYd c<+kus ds çLrkoA csfglkch /ku l`tu vkSj mlds bLrseky dks jksdus ds fy, çLrkfor mik;A v lM+d fuekZ.k ds fy, vko';d fo'ks"k midj.kksa] lqjax [kksnus okyh e'khuksa ,oa muds iqtksaZ dks vk;kr 'kqYd ls iwjh NwVA 40 çfr'kr fd;k v cM+h dkjksa ds mRikn 'kqYd dks Hkh c<+k;s tkus dk çLrkoA v xSj —f"k mRiknksa ds fy, lhek 'kqYd dh 'kh"kZ nj çfr'kr esa ifjorZu dk dksbZ çLrko ughaA v moZjd ifj;kstukvksa dh LFkkiuk rFkk foLrkj ds fy, midj.kksa ds vk;kr ij cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd ls iw.kZ NwVA v fo|qr mRiknu ds fy, dqN bZ/kuksa dks cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd a ls iw.kZ NwVA v NksVs lhesV la;a=ksa }kjk mRikfnr cksjh can lheVksa ij a mRikn 'kqYd dks ;qfälaxr cuk;k tk,xkA v dks;yk [kuu ifj;kstuk vk;kr gsrq cqfu;knh lhek 'kqYd ls iw.kZ NwVA v v jsyos lqj{kk vkSj psrkouh ç.kkyh dh LFkkiuk rFkk rhoz dherh /kkrqvksa ds czkaMsM vkHkw"k.k ij yxk;k tkus okyk 1 çfr'kr dk mRikn 'kqYd xSj&czkaMsM vkHkw"k.kksa ij Hkh yxk;k tk,xkA 10 Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 96 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  3. 3. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v v okf.kfT;d okguksa ds ckWMh fuekZ.k gsrq psfll ij fefJr nj dh ctk, ewY; nj ij mRikn 'kqYd yxk;k tk,xkA v o"kZ 2012&13 ds nkSjku dsUæh; lfClfM;ksa dks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ds 2 çfr'kr ds uhps j[kus dk y{;A vxys rhu o"kksaZ ds nkSjku bUgsa 1A75 çfr'kr rd uhps yk;k tkuk gSA ;kstuk dks 2012&13 es Hkh tkjh j[kk tk,xkA le; ij _.k pqdkus okys fdlkuksa ds fy, 3 çfr'kr dh vfrfjä vkfFkZd jkgr miyC/k gksxhA fdlku ØsfMV dkMZ dks LekVZdkMZ cuk;k tk,xk] rkfd bldk ,Vh,e }kjk mi;ksx fd;k tk ldsA pkanh ds czkaMsM vkHkw"k.kksa ls mRikn 'kqYd [kRe fd;k x;kA v v v Rofjr flapkbZ lqfo/kk dk;ZØe ¼,vkbZchih½ ds fy, o"kZ 2012&13 esa vkoaVu 13 çfr'kr c<+kdj 14 gtkj 242 djksM+ #i;s fd;k x;kA o"kZ 2012&13 ds ctV vuqekuksa esa vuqlwfpr tkfr mi&vk;kstuk gsrq 37 gtkj 113 djksM+ #i;s dk çLrko gS] tks fd 2011&12 ds ctV vuqeku dh rqyuk esa 18 çfr'kr vf/kd gSA v lM+d laidZ esa lq/kkj gsrq ih,eth,lokbZ ds fy, vkoaVu 20 çfr'kr c<+kdj 24 gtkj djksM+ #i;s fd;k x;kA v o"kZ 2012&13 ds ctV vuqeku esa vuqlwfpr tutkrh; mi&vk;kstuk gsrq 21 gtkj 710 djksM+ #i;s ds vkoaVu dk çLrko gS] tks fd 2011&12 ds ctV vuqeku dh rqyuk esa 17A6 çfr'kr vf/kd gSA fiNM+k {ks= vuqnku fuf/k ;kstuk o"kZ 2011&12 ds ctV vuqeku dh rqyuk esa 22 çfr'kr dh o`f) ds lkFk 2012&13 ds ctV vuqeku esa 12]040 djksM+ #i;s ds lkFk ckjgoha ;kstuk esa pyrh jgsxhA v xzkeh.k volajpuk fodkl fuf/k ds varxZr vkoaVu c<+kdj 20 gtkj djksM+ #i;s fd;k x;kA HkaMkj.k lqfo/kkvksa ds fuekZ.k gsrq 5 gtkj djksM+ #i;s vyx ls j[ks x,A v f'k{kk dk vf/kdkj vkSj loZ f'k{kk vfHk;ku gsrq 2012&13 ds ctV vuqeku esa 25]555 djksM+ #i;s ds vkoaVu dk çLrko gS] tks fd 2011&12 dh rqyuk esa 21.7 çfr'kr vf/kd gSA v —f"k rFkk lgdkfjrk foHkkx ds fy, vk;kstuk ifjO;; esa 18 çfr'kr rd dh c<+ksrjh dh xbZA v jk"Vªh; —f"k fodkl ;kstuk ds fy, ifjO;; dks 17 çfr'kr ls vf/kd c<+kdj 9 gtkj 217 djksM+ #i;s dj fn;k x;kA v iwoksZÙkj Hkkjr esa gfjrØkfUr ykus dh igy ds ifj.kkeLo:i /kku ds mRiknu rFkk mRikndrk esa c<+ksrjh gqbZA bl ;kstuk ds vkoaVu dks] tks 2011&12 esa 400 djksM+ #i;s Fkk 2012&13 esa c<+ksrjh djds 1]000 djksM+ #i;s dj fn;k x;kA v v v v 12oha ;kstuk esa ekWMy Ldwyksa ds :i esa CykWd Lrj ij gtkj Ldwyksa dh LFkkiuk dk çLrko gSA 6 v jk"Vªh; —f"k fodkl ;kstuk ds varxZr fonHkZ l?ku flapkbZ fodkl dk;ZØe ds fy, 300 djksM+ #i;s dk çLrkoA jk"Vªh; ek/;fed f'k{kk vfHk;ku gsrq 3]124 djksM+ #i;s miyC/k djk, x, gSa] tks fd 2011&12 ds ctV vuqeku dh rqyuk esa 29 çfr'kr vf/kd gSA v —f"k _.k y{; dks 1 yk[k djksM+ #i;s c<+kdj 2012&13 ds fy, 5 yk[k 75 gtkj djksM+ #i;s dj fn;k x;kA Nk=ksa dks csgrj _.k çokg lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, ,d _.k xkjaVh fuf/k LFkkfir djus dk çLrko gSA v ekStwnk Vhdk bdkb;ksa dk vk/kqfudhdj.k fd;k tk,xkA psUubZ ds ikl ,d ubZ ,dh—r Vhdk bdkbZ yxkus dk çLrkoA fdlkuks a dks çfr o"kZ 7 çfrf'kr C;kt nj ij vYikof/k Qly _.kksa ds fy, C;kt vkfFkZd lgk;rk Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 97 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  4. 4. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k LokLF; fe'ku ds fy, vkoaVu 2011&12 ds 18]115 djksM+ #i;s ls c<+kdj 2012&13 esa 20]822 djksM+ #i;s fd;k tkuk çLrkforA v jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k vkthfodk fe'ku gsrq vkoaVu esa 34 çfr'kr c<+ksrjh djds 3]915 djksM+ #i;s fd;k x;kA v cSad _.k dks vklku cukuk] ^efgykvksa dh ,l,pth dh fodkl fuf/k* gsrq vk/kkjHkwr fuf/k dks c<+kukA vkfFkZd leh{kk 2011&12 foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ }kjk yksdlHkk esa is'k: ,d utj v vkthfodk ;kstuk ds tfj, Hkkjr fyoyhgqM QkmaMs'ku LFkkfir djus dk çLrkoA v ç/kkuea=h ds jkstxkj l`tu dk;ZØe ds vkoaVu es2012&13 a esa 23 çfr'kr dh c<+ksrjh djds 1]276 djksM+ #i;s djukA v jk"Vªh; dkS'ky fodkl fuf/k gsrq 2012&13 esa 1]000 djksM+ #i;s dk vkoaVu fd;k x;kA v dkS'ky fodkl gsrq laLFkkxr _.k çokg c<+kus ds fy, ,d vyx _.k xkjaVh fuf/k dh LFkkiuk dk çLrkoA vkfFkZd leh{kk 2011&12 esa Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk esa 6A9 çfr'kr o`f) dk vuqeku fd;k x;kA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us yksdlHkk esa 15 ekpZ 2012 dks vkfFkZd leh{kk 2011&12 is'k fd;kA vkfFkZd leh{kk 2011&12 esa o"kZ 2012&13 esa ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa 7.6 çfr'kr vkSj o"kZ 2013&14 esa 8A6 çfr'kr o`f) dk vuqeku yxk;k x;kA —f"k vkSj lacaf/kr {ks=ksa esa 250.42 fefy;u Vu ls Hkh vf/kd [kkíku mRiknu ds lkFk o"kZ 2011&12 esa 2.5 çfr'kr dh o`f) nj dk vuqeku gSA ukxkySaM] >kj[kaM esa cqudj lsok dsUæksa dh LFkkiuk vkSj egkjk"Vª esa ikojywe ds cM+s lewg dh LFkkiuk ds fy, 3]884 djksM+ :i;s ds foÙkh; iSdst dk çLrkoA v iwoksZÙkj {ks= esa ft;ks&VSDlVkby ds fy, dh ik;ysV ;kstukvksa dk çko/kkuA vkfFkZd leh{kk 2011&12 % 500 djksM+ :i;s ,d utj v chih,y ykHkkfFkZ;ksa gsrq py jgh bafnjk xka/kh jk"Vªh; fo/kok isa'ku Ldhe rFkk bafnjk xka/kh jk"Vªh; fu:'kä isa'ku Ldhe esa isa'ku jkf'k 200 #i;s ls c<+kdj 300 #i;s çfr ekg dh xbZA v Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk dk fodkl nj 6.9 çfr'kr jgus dk vuqekuA ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa o"kZ 2012&13 esa 7.6 çfr'kr vkSj o"kZ 2013&14 esa 8A6 çfr'kr dh o`f) dh laHkkoukA v chih,y ifjokj ds 18 ls 64 o"kZ vk;q oxZ ds çeq[k lnL; dh e`R;q ij fn;k tkus okyk ,d eq'r vuqnku nqxquk djds 20 gtkj #i;s fd;k x;kA v —f"k vkSj lacaf/kr {ks=ksa esa vuqekuA v lsok {ks= esa v ;wvkbZMh&vk/kkj esa 40 djksM+ vkSj vf/kd yksxksa ds ukekadu ds fy, i;kZIr /ku miyC/k djk;k tk;sxkA v vkfFkZd olwyh esa lq/kkj tkjh jgus ds lkFk vkS|ksfxd o`f) nj pkj ls ikap çfr'kr rd jgus dh mEehnA v dsUæh; l'kL= iqfyl cyksa ds fy, yxHkx 4]000 vkoklh; bdkb;ksa ds fuekZ.k gsrq 1]185 djksM+ #i;s vkoafVr fd;s tkus dk çLrkoA v Fkksd ewY; lwpdkad [kk| eqækLQhfr tuojh 2012 esa ek= 1.6 çfr'kr jg xbZA ;g Qjojh 2010 esa 20.2 çfr'kr FkhA v gFkdj?kk cqudjksa ds _.kksa dks ekQ djus vkSj mudh lgdkjh lfefr;ksa dh LFkkiuk djus] vka/kz çns'k vkSj >kj[kaM esa cM+s gFkdj?kk lewg dh LFkkiuk djuk] fetksje] v Hkkjr fo'o dh lcls rst xfr ls c<+us okyh vFkZO;oLFkkvksa esa cuk gqvk gSA ns'k dk jktdks"kh; _.k jsfVax 2007&12 esa 2A98 çfr'kr c<+kA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 9.4 2.5 çfr'kr dh o`f) dk çfr'kr rd dh o`f) dk vuqekuA 98 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  5. 5. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 ds iwokZnZ~/k esa fu;kZr 40A5 çfr'kr dh nj ls vkSj vk;kr 30A4 çfr'kr dh nj ls c<+A s v U;wure fdjk;s vkSj IysVQkeZ fVdV dh dher ikap #i, djus dk çLrkoA v foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 esa lkekftd lsokvksa ij dsUæh; O;; dks c<+kdj 18A5 çfr'kr fd;k tkuk gS] tks o"kZ 2006&07 esa 13.4 çfr'kr FkkA v bZ&fVdV ds fy, ;k=h ds eksckby Qksu ij ,l,e,l dks oS/k vkj{k.k ds çek.k ds :i esa Lohdkj djukA v ;kf=;ksa dks ,l,e,l] baVjusV vkfn ds ek/;e ls Vªsu jfuax dh lwpuk nsus ds fy, lSVsykbV vk/kkfjr fj;y Vkbe Vªsu bUQkes'ku flLVe ¼fleju½ 'kq: djukA Z v fdQk;rh njksa ij {ks=h; Hkkstu dh 'kq:vkr vkSj ,l,e,l ;k bZ&esy ds ek/;e ls Hkkstu ds vf/kd fodYi eqgS;k djkus ds fy, cqd&,&ehy ;kstuk 'kq: djukA v foÙk o"kZ 2010&11 esa eujsxk ds v/khu ifjokjksa dks yk;k x;kA jsy ctV 5.49 djksM+ 2012&13 jsy ea=h fnus'k f=osnh }kjk yksdlHkk esa is'k% ,d utj dsæh; jsy ea=h fnus'k f=osnh us 14 ekpZ 2012 dks yksdlHkk a esa jsy ctV 2012&13 is'k fd;kA jsy ctV 2012&13 esa 60100 djksM+ #i, ds okf"kZd ;kstuk dk y{; j[kk x;kA jsy ctV 2012&13 dh okf"kZd ;kstuk ds foÙk iks"k.k ds fy, 24000 djksM+ #i, dh ctVh; lgk;rk] 2000 djksM+ #i, dh jsy laj{kk fuf/k] 18050 djksM+ #i, dh vkarfjd lalk/ku vkSj 16050 djksM+ #i, dh vfrfjä ctVh; lalk/kuksa] ftlesa Hkkjrh; jsy foÙk fuxe ds ek/;e ls 15000 djksM+ #i, dk cktkj _.k 'kkfey fd;k x;kA v 75 ubZ jsyxkfM+;ka 'kq: djus dk çLrkoA ubZ iSlsatj xkfM+;ka] 9 Msew xkfM+;ka vkSj 8 esew xkfM+;ka 'kq: djus dh ?kks"k.kkA v 21 v 39 jsyxkfM+;ksa ds foLrkj dh ;kstukA v 23 jsyxkfM+;ksa ds Qsjksa esa o`f) dh ;kstukA v eqEcbZ miuxj esa v psUuS {ks= esa 18 vfrfjä xkfM+;ksa ds ifjpkyu dh ?kks"k.kkA v dksydkrk {ks= esa çLrkoA djksM+ #i, dk vc rd ds Hkkjrh; jsy ctV bfrgkl dk lcls vf/kd ;kstuk ifjO;;A v o"kZ 2012&13 esa dksydkrk esVªks esa 50 ubZ xkfM+;ka tksM+us dh ;kstukA miuxjh; vkSj lk/kkj.k f}rh; Js.kh ds ;k=h fdjk;s esa 2 iSlk çfrfdyksehVj] esy/,Dlçsl f}rh; Js.kh esa 3 iSls çfrfdyksehVj] 'k;u;ku Js.kh esa 5 iSls çfrfdyksehVj] okrkuqdfw yr ps;j dkj] okrkuqdfw yr&3 vkSj çFke Js.kh esa 10 iSls çfrfdyksehVj] okrkuqdfw yr&2 esa 15 iSls çfrfdyksehVj rFkk okrkuqdfw yr&1 Js.kh esa 30 iSls çfrfdyksehVj dh o`f) dk çLrkoA v jsy lqj{kk cy/jktdh; jsyos iqfyl }kjk dk ekxZj{k.kA v jsyos lqj{kk cy gsYiykbu dks vf[ky Hkkjrh; iSlsatj gsYiykbu esa lekfgr djukA v ,IykfLVd vuSfe;k vkSj fldy lSy vuSfe;k ls ihfM+r jksfx;ksa ds fy, okrkuqdfw yr 2] okrkuqdfw yr 3] ps;j dkj vkSj 'k;u;ku Js.kh ds fdjk;s esa 50 çfr'kr fj;k;rA ;k=h fdjk;s dks vxys fudVre ikap #i, esa iw.kkaZfdr fd, tkus dk çLrkoA v vtqZu iqjLdkj fotsrkvksa dks jkt/kkuh vkSj 'krkCnh xkfM+;ksa esa ;k=k djus dh lqfo/kkA jsy ctV 2012&13 % ,d utj v 60100 v v Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 75 44 vfrfjä xkfM+;ka pykus dh ?kks"k.kkA ubZ miuxjh; xkfM+;ka pykus dk 3500 xkfM+;ksa 99 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  6. 6. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v jsy [ksy jRu iqjLdkj dh 'kq:vkr dk çLrko] tks çfro"kZ 10 f[kykfM+;ksa dks fn;k tk,xkA v 1000 v o"kZ 2012&13 esa lHkh 202 fpfUgr LVs'kuksa ij baVhxzsfVM lqj{kk ç.kkyh laLFkkfir djus dk dk;Z iw.kZ djus dk y{;A v 2500 v v bTtr ;kstuk ds varxZr ;k=k nwjh 100 fdyksehVj ls c<+kdj 150 fdyksehVj djus dh ?kks"k.kkA o"kZ esa 725 fdyksehVj ubZ jsyykbusa fcNkus] 700 fdyksehVj dk nksgjhdj.k] 800 fdyksehVj dk vkeku ifjorZu vkSj 1100 fdyksehVj dk fo|qrhdj.k djus dk y{;A pkSdhnkj okys leikj QkVdksa ij lkSj ç.kkyh vk/kkfjr çdk'k O;oLFkkA v vka/kz çns'k] dukZVd] dsjy] rfeyukMq vkSj if'pe caxky esa 72 esxkokV {kerk okys foaM fey IykaVksa dh LFkkiukA v jk;cjsyh lokjh fMCck dkj[kkus ds nwljs pj.k dh 'kq:vkr o"kZ 2012&13 esa djus dh ?kks"k.kkA v vksfM'kk ds xate ftys esa lhrkiyh esa ,d eky fMCck dkj[kkuk LFkkfir djukA v iky?kkV esa dsjy ljdkj ds lg;ksx ls ,d jsy lokjh fMCck dkj[kkuk LFkkfir djukA xqtjkr ljdkj ds lg;ksx ls dPN {ks= esa vkSj dukZVd ljdkj ds lg;ksx ls dksykj esa lokjh fMCcksa ds fy, nks vfrfjä ubZ fuekZ.k bdkb;ksa dh LFkkiukA v if'pe caxky ds ';ke uxj esa mPp 'kfäokys fo|qr batuksa esa ç;ksx ds fy, vxyh ih<+h dh çkS|ksfxdh okys çksiY'ku flLVe ds fuekZ.k ds fy, QSDVªh dh LFkkiukA v dkdksMdj lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa ds vuqlj.k esa ,d fu;ked fudk; ds :i esa jsyos laj{kk çkf/kdj.k dh LFkkiukA v vk/kqfudhdj.k ds dk;ZØeksa dks dk;kZfUor djus ds fy, lSe fi=ksnk lfefr }kjk vuq'kaflr fe'kuksa dh LFkkiuk djukA v jsyos VSfjQ fu;ked çkf/kdj.k dh LFkkiuk ds fy, fopkj fd, tkus dh ;kstukA v vkink çca/ku gsrq dkS'ky fodkl djus ds fy, csaxyw#] [kM+xiqj vkSj y[kuÅ esa rhu laj{kk foystksa dh LFkkiuk djukA v lkoZtfud&futh Hkkxhnkjh ls LVs'kuksa ds iqufoZdkl ds fy, bafM;k jsyos MsoyiesV dkWiksZjs'ku dh LFkkfir djukA a 2012&13 v o"kZ 2012&13 esa çLrkfor 84 LVs'kuksa lfgr LVs'kuksa dk vkn'kZ LVs'kuksa ds :i esa mUu;uA v vxys gkYV LVs'ku vkSj vkxeu ds laHkkfor le; dh lwpuk miyC/k djkus ds fy, vkWu cksMZ iSlsatj fMLiys ç.kkyh 'kq: djukA 929 v egRoiw.kZ LVs'kuksa ij 321 ,LdsysVj yxkuk] ftuesa ls o"kZ 2012&13 esa 50 ,LdsysVj 'kq: djukA v flDdk/djalh pkfyr fVdV oSafMax e'khuksa dks 'kq: djukA v jkt/kkuh] 'krkCnh vkSj nqjkarks xkfM+;ksa esa vkWu cksMZ jsy ca/kq eSxthu 'kq: djukA v egRoiw.kZ LVs'kuksa ij ,lh ,DthD;wfVo ykÅat dh LFkkiukA v cafde pUæ pêksik/;k; dh 175oha t;arh ds miy{; esa muds tUe LFky uSgkVh esa u;k dksfpax VfeZuy cuk, tkus dh ?kks"k.kkA v mÙkjh caxky ds lqUnj ouksa ls gksdj xqtjus okyh xzhu Vªsu pykus dk çLrkoA v nwj&njkt {ks=ksa esa fLFkr 200 jsyos LVs'kuksa dh gfjr ÅtkZ LVs'kuksa ds :i esa LFkkiuk] tks iw.kZ:i ls lkSj ÅtkZ ij fuHkZj gksaxsA lokjh fMCcksa esa ckW;ks&VkW;ysV cukukA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 100 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  7. 7. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books v ekStwnk jsyos eky 'kSMksa vkSj eYVh ekWMy ykWftfLVDl ikdksaZ ds fodkl vkSj çca/ku ds fy, ykWftfLVDl dkWiksZjs'ku dh LFkkiuk djukA v N=ifrf'kokth VfeZuy vkSj dY;k.k ds chp xfy;kjs ds fy, iw.kZ O;ogk;Zrk losZ{k.k djukA v mPp j¶rkj okys N: xfy;kjksa ds fy, iwoZ O;ogk;Zrk v/;;u iwj k dj fy;k x;kA o"kZ 2012& 13 es a fnYyh&t;iqj&vtesj&tks/kiqj [kaM ds laca/k esa v/;;u fd;k tkukA v vxjryk dks ckaXykns'k ds v[kkSjk ls tksMus okyh ifj;kstuk + dks o"kZ 2012&13 esa 'kq: djukA v o"kZ 2012&13 esa 1025 fefy;u Vu ds eky ynku dk vuqeku] tksfd o"kZ 2011&12 dh rqyuk esa 55 fefy;u Vu vf/kd gSA v o"kZ 2012&13 esa ;kf=;ksa esa 5A4 çfr'kr o`f) dk vuqekuA v vuqlwfpr tkfr/tutkfr vkSj vU; fiNM+k oxZ ds cSdykWx dks lekIr djus lfgr o"kZ 2012&13 esa ,d yk[k ls vf/kd yksxksa dh jsyos esa HkrhZ djus dk çLrkoA v o"kZ 2011&12 esa 80 gtkj ls vf/kd yksxksa dh Hkkjrh; jsyos esa HkrhZ gqbZA v jsyos deZpkfj;ksa ds fy, muds dk;ZLFkyksa ij lEiw.kZ LokLF; dk;ZØe 'kq: djukA v jfuax Øw lfgr dq'ky vkSj rduhdh deZpkfj;ksa ds foJke ds fy, i;kZIr lqfo/kk lqfuf'pr djukA xaxk unh ds çnw"k.k dks de djus gsrq jk"Vªh; xaxk unh csflu çkf/kdj.k dks fo'o cSad dh lgk;rk vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr us xaxk unh dks lkQ djus dh ifj;kstuk dks eatwjh çnku dhA jk"Vªh; xaxk unh csflu çkf/kdj.k ¼National Ganga River Basin Authority] ,uthvkjch,½ }kjk ykxw dh tkus okyh bl ifj;kstuk ij 7000 djksM+ #i, dk [kpZ vkus dk vuqeku gSA ftlesa ls 5100 djksM+ :i, dsUæ dks rFkk 'ks"k 1900 djksM+ #i, mÙkjk[kaM] mÙkjçns'k] fcgkj] >kj[kaM vkSj if'pe caxky ljdkjksa dks nsuk gSA fo'o cSad jk"Vªh; xaxk unh csflu çkf/ kdj.k ¼ National Ganga River Basin Authority ] ,uthvkjch,½ ifj;kstuk ds fy, djhc 4500 djksM+ #i, dk _.k nsus ij fl)kUr :i ls lger gks x;k gS] tks dsUæ }kjk nh tkus okyh jkf'k dk fgLlk gksxkA ifj;kstuk dh vof/k vkB o"kZ gSA fofnr gks fd jk"Vªh; xaxk unh csflu çkf/kdj.k ¼National Ganga River Basin Authority½ dk xBu i;kZoj.k ¼laj{k.k½ dkuwu 1986 ds rgr xaxk unh ds fy, ;kstuk] foÙk] fuxjkuh vkSj fu;ked ds ,d l'kä çkf/kdj.k ds :i esa Qjojh 2009 esa gqvk FkkA ç/kkuea=h dh v/;{krk okys bl çkf/kdj.k dk mís'; xaxk unh ds laj{k.k dks lqfuf'pr djuk vkSj unh ?kkVh tqM+ko dks viuk dj i;kZoj.kh; çokg dks O;kid ;kstuk vkSj çca/ku }kjk cuk, j[kuk gSA Hkkjr esa çFke ckj jk"Vªh; Lrj ij miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad tkjh] tuojh esa egaxkbZ nj 7A65 çfr'kr dsæ ljdkj us Hkkjr esa çFke ckj jk"Vªh; Lrj ij [kqnjk a dher vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ ds vkadM+s 21 Qjojh 2012 dks tkjh fd,A [kqnjk dher vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ ¼miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad] Consumer price inflation] lhihvkb½ ds vuqlkj tuojh 2012 esa egaxkbZ nj 7A65 çfr'kr jgh] tcfd Fkksd ewY; lwpdkad vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ dh nj 6A55 çfr'kr FkhA [kqnjk dher vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ lkaf[;dh o dk;ZØe fØ;kUo;u ea=ky; }kjk tkjh fd;k x;kA lkaf[;dh o dk;ZØe fØ;kUo;u ea=ky; }kjk Hkkjr ds yxHkx 600 ftyksa ds 310 'kgjh dsæksa vkSj 1181 xkaoksa ls a fofHkUu mRiknksa dh [kqnjk dherksa dks tqVk;k x;kA 'kgjksa ds 1114 cktkjksa ls dhersa tqVkbZ xbZA blds vk/kkj ij [kqnjk dher Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 101 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  8. 8. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ ¼miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad] inflation] lhihvkb½ rS;kj fd;k x;kA Consumer price miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad ds vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj Hkkjr ds xkao esa vukt o nw/k 'kgj ls egaxs gSaA lkFk gh xzkeh.k turk eksVs vuktksa ds fy, 'kgjksa dh rqyuk esa pkj xquk T;knk dher vnk djrh gSaA tuojh 2012 esa xzkeh.k bykdksa esa vuktksa dh [kqnjk dherksa esa 3.44 çfr'kr dh o`f) gqbZ] tcfd 'kgjksa esa ;g o`f) egt 0-79 çfr'kr dh jghA blh rjg xzkeh.k {ks= esa nky] vaMk] nw/k] phuh] bZ/ku oxSjg esa egaxkbZ 'kgjksa ds eqdkcys T;knk jghA a rsy] diM+] twrs] lfCt;ksa esa 'kgjksa esa T;knk egaxkbZ jghA s [kqnjk dher vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ ¼miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad] Consumer price inflation] lhihvkb½ dh nj tuojh] 2012 esa 7A65 çfr'kr jghA 'kgjksa esa lhihvkb vk/kkfjr egaxkbZ dh nj 8A25 vkSj xzkeh.k bykdksa esa 7A38 Qhlnh jghA tuojh 2012 esa jkT; Lrj ij es?kky; lcls egaxk jkT; jgkA nwljs LFkku ij dukZVd vkSj rhljs LFkku ij dsjy jgkA miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad ¼Consumer price inflation½ cuke Fkksd ewY; lwpdkad ¼wholesale price inflation½% fo'o ds vf/kdrj ns'kksa esa [kqnjk ewY; lwpdkad ¼miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad½ dks gh vk/kkj ekuk tkrk gSA Hkkjr esa ykxw ekStwnk Fkksd ewY; lwpdkad esa [kk| mRiknksa dk fgLlk egt 14.3 çfr'kr gSA tcfd] miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad esa budh fgLlsnkjh 45 Qhlnh ls T;knk gSA lkFk gh Fkksd ewY; lwpdkad esa LokLF;] f'k{kk tSls dbZ lsok {ks= 'kkfey ugha gSa] tcfd bu ij vke turk dkQh [kpZ djrh gSA miHkksäk ewY; lwpdkad esa lsokvksa dks Hkh egRoiw.kZ LFkku fn;k x;k gSA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk cSad nj lk<+s rhu çfr'kr c<+kdj 9.5 çfr'kr Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us cSad nj dks lk<+s rhu çfr'kr c<+kdj 9A5 çfr'kr dj fn;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk ;g fu.kZ; 14 Qjojh 2012 dks fy;k x;k vkSj bls rRdky çHkko ls ykxw fd;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us viuh vf/klwpuk esa crk;k fd cSad nj esa cnyko dks ekSfæd uhfr esa cnyko ds ctk; udnh dh lhekar LFkkbZ lqfo/kk ¼marginal standing facility½ nj ds vuqdy cukus ds fy, ,d ckj esa fd, x, rduhdh lek;kstu w ds rkSj ij ns[kk vkSj le>k tkuk pkfg,A lhekar LFkkbZ lqfo/kk ¼marginal standing facility½ og LFkk;h lqfo/kk gS ftl ij Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad vU; cSadksa dks udnh dh deh iwjk djus ds fy, vfrfjä :i ls nsrk gSA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us vçSy 2003 ls cSad nj fLFkj j[kh FkhA cSad nj dk egRo ekSfæd uhfr ds mik; ds rkSj ij [kRe gks x;k gS] D;ksafd vc jsiks nj dks gh eq[; uhfrxr C;kt nj cuk fn;k x;k gSA fjolZ jsiks vkSj ,e,l,Q vc bl nj ls Øe'k% ,d çfr'kr de vkSj ,d çfr'kr Åij j[ks tkrs gSaA cSad nj% ;g og nj gS] ftl ij Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad vU; cSadksa dks yacs le; dk okf.kfT;d dtZ nsrk gSA igys blh ds vk/ kkj ij cSadksa dh C;kt nj r; gksrh FkhA vc blds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad jsiks nj dk bLrseky djrk gSA cSad Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad ls de vof/k ¼elyu dqN ?kaVs ls 15 fnu½ ds fy, jsiks jsV ij gh dtZ ysrs gSaA vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr us O;kid eysfj;k fu;a=.k ifj;kstuk&II dks eatwjh nh vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr us lkr iwoksZÙkj jkT;ksa ds fy, O;kid eysfj;k fu;=a.k ifj;kstuk dks eatwjh çnku dhA ;g eatwjh 28 vçSy 2011 dks nh xbZA bl ifj;kstuk dk mís'; iwoksZÙkj jkT;ksa esa eysfj;k ij dkjxj <ax ls dkcw ikuk gSA O;kid eysfj;k fu;=a.k ifj;kstuk esa vkus okys jkT;ksa esa flfDde 'kkfey ugha gSA bl ifj;kstuk dks jk"Vªh; osDVj tfur jksx fu;a=.k dk;ZØe ds rgr pyk;k tkuk gSA 87A88 fefy;u vesfjdh MkWyj ¼417A22 djksM #i,½ dh vuqekfur ykxr okyh O;kid eysfj;k fu;a=.k ifj;kstuk&II dks ,M~l] risfnd vkSj eysfj;k ds fy, oSf'od dks"k ¼th,Q,Vh,e& jkmaM 9½ ls vkfFkZd lgk;rk feysxhA ;g eatwjh iwoZ dh oSf'od dks"k lefFkZr O;kid eysfj;k fu;a=.k dk;ZØe ifj;kstuk dks tkjh j[kus ds lkFk la'kksf/kr Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 102 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  9. 9. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books HkkSxksfyd dsUæ mPp çkarh; lkr iwoksZÙkj jkT;ksa esa eysfj;k ds fu;a=.k dks xfr nsus ij xkSj djrh gSA çLrko ds eq[; ?kVd gSa ¼1½ ekuo lalk/ku fodkl ¼2½ lkefxz;ksa vkSj nokvksa dh vf/kçkfIr vkSj forj.k ¼3½ lwpuk] f'k{kk vkSj lapkj ¼vkbZblh½ O;ogkj cnyko lapkj ¼chlhlh½ Z fØ;kdyki vkSj ¼4½ ;kstuk] fuxjkuh vkSj ewY;kaduA ifj;kstuk dh vof/k 2015 gSA 01 vDVwcj 2010 ls 30 flrEcj ;kstuk vk;ksx }kjk jk"Vªh; uewuk losZ{k.k 2009&10 esa Hkkjr esa xjhch dk vuqikr 29A8 çfr'kr jk"Vªh; uewuk losZ{k.k 2009&10 esa Hkkjr esa xjhch dk vuqikr ?kVdj 29A8 çfr'kr gks x;kA tcfd o"kZ 2004&05 esa ;g vuqikr 37A2 çfr'kr FkkA ;kstuk vk;ksx us ;g fjiksVZ ubZ fnYyh esa 19 ekpZ 2012 dks tkjh dhA foÙko"kZ 2009&10 esa ns'k esa xjhcksa dh dqy la[;k 37A47 djksM+ gks xbZA tks o"kZ 2004&05 esa 40A72 djksM+ FkhA fjiksVZ esa o"kZ 2004&05 ls o"kZ 2009&10 ds chp 'kgjh bykdksa ds eqdkcys xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr vf/kd rsth ls ?kVkA lkFk gh xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr 8 çfr'kr ?kVdj 41A8 çfr'kr dh txg 33A8 çfr'kr ij vkSj 'kgjh bykdksa esa xjhch 4A8 çfr'kr ?kVdj 20A9 çfr'kr ij vk xbZ] tks o"kZ 2004&05 esa 25A7 çfr'kr FkhA fgekpy çns'k] e/; çns'k] egkjk"Vª] vksfM'kk] flfDde] rfeyukMq] dukZVd vkSj mÙkjk[kaM esa xjhcksa dk vuqikr 10 çfr'kr ls Hkh vf/kd fxjkA bl nkSjku iwoksZÙkj jkT;ksa&vle] es?kky;] ef.kiqj] fetksje vkSj ukxkySaM esa xjhch c<+hA fcgkj] NÙkhlx<+ vkSj mÙkj çns'k tSls vis{kk—r cM+s jkT;ksa esa xjhch ds vuqikr] fo'ks"k rkSj ij xzkeh.k bykdksa esa xjhch esa deh rks vkbZ gS ij ;g cgqr gh de gSA ;kstuk vk;ksx dk xjhch dk vuqeku rsanqydj lfefr }kjk lq>kbZ xbZ if)fr ij vk/kkfjr gS] ftlesa Hkkstu esa dSyksjh dh ek=k ds vykok ifjokjksa }kjk LokLF; vkSj f'k{kk ij fd;k tkus okys [kpZ Hkh xkSj fd;k x;k gSA /kkfeZd lewgksa ds vk/kkj ij dh xbZ x.kuk esa fl[k vkcknh esa xjhcksa dk vuqikr xzkeh.k bykdksa esa 11.9 çfr'kr jgkA xzkeh.k bykdksa esa fl[kksa esa vU; /kkfeZd lewgksa dh rqyuk esa xjhcks dk vuqikr lcls de gSA 'kgjh bykdksa esa blkb;ksa esa xjhcksa dk vuqikr 12A9 çfr'kr jgk tks 'kgjh bykdksa esa vU; /kkfeZd lewgksa dh rqyuk esa lcls de gSA xzkeh.k bykds esa eqlyekuksa esa xjhcksa dk vuqikr ftu jkT;ksa esa lcls vf/kd gS muesa vle ¼53.6 çfr'kr½] mÙkj çns'k ¼44.4 çfr'kr½] if'pe caxky ¼34.4 çfr'kr½ vkSj xqtjkr ¼31.4 çfr'kr½ 'kkfey gSaA 'kgjh bykdksa esa vf[ky Hkkjrh; Lrj ij eqlyekuksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr lcls vf/kd 33.9 çfr'kr gSA blh rjg 'kgjh bykdksa esa jktLFkku ¼29.5 çfr'kr½] mÙkj çns'k ¼49A5 çfr'kr½] xqtjkr ¼42.4 çfr'kr½] fcgkj ¼56.5 çfr'kr½ vkSj if'pe caxky ¼34.9 çfr'kr½ esa eqlyekuksa dh xjhch dk vuqikr mapk gSA lkekftd vk/kkj ij xzkeh.k bykdksa esa vuqlwfpr tutkfr;ksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr 47A4 çfr'kr] vuqlwfpr tutkfr 42A3 çfr'kr vkSj vU; fiNM+k oxZ esa xjhch dk vuqikr 31A9 çfr'kr gSA 'kgjh bykdksa esa vuqlwfpr tkfr dh vkcknh esa xjhch dk vuqikr 34A1 çfr'kr] vuqlwfpr tutkfr 30A4 çfr'kr rFkk vU; fiNM+k oxZ dh tkfr;ksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr 24A3 çfr'kr gSA fcgkj vkSj NÙkhlx<+ ds xzkeh.k bykdksa esa djhc nks frgkbZ vuqlwfpr tkfr vkSj vuqlwfpr tutkfr ds yksx xjhch dh js[kk ds uhps jg jgs gSA tcfd ef.kiqj] vksfM'kk vkSj mÙkj çns'k tSls jkT;ksa esa bu oxksaZ esa xjhch dk vuqikr 50 çfr'kr ls vf/kd gSA fcgkj ¼53.5 çfr'kr½ esa lcls vf/kd gSA ftlds ckn NÙkhlx<+ ¼48.7 çfr'kr½] ef.kiqj ¼47.1 çfr'kr½] >kj[kaM ¼39.1 çfr'kr½] vle ¼37.9 çfr'kr½ vkSj mÙkj çns'k ¼37.7 çfr'kr½ dk uacj gSA ns'k esa djhc vk/ks [ksrhgj etnwj xjhcksa dh Js.kh esa gSaA xzkeh.k bykdksa esa 40 çfr'kr vU; etnwj xjhch ds xrZ esa gSaA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 103 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  10. 10. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books 'kgjh bykdksa esa vLFkkbZ etnwjksa esa 47.1 çfr'kr xjhc gSA fu;fer osru ikus okys dke ij yxs ;k osruHkksxh jkstxkj esa yxs yksxksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr lcls de gSA fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ds vuqlkj o"kZ 2001 esa lk{kjrk nj 64.8 çfr'kr ds eqdkcys o"kZ 2011 esa lk{kjrk nj 74 çfr'kr rd gks xbZA —f"k ds fygkt ls laiUu jkT; gfj;k.kk esa 55.9 çfr'kr [ksfrgj etnwj xjhc gSa tcfd iatkc esa [ksrhgj etnwjksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr 35.6 çfr'kr gSA Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ds vuqlkj f'k{kk o lk{kjrk dh fn'kk esa lq/kkj ds ckotwn fo'o dh ,d frgkbZ vf'kf{kr tula[;k Hkkjr esa gSA buesa Hkh vuqlwfpr tkfr] tutkfr vkSj eqlyekuksa dk çfr'kr lcls T;knk gSA vuqlwfpr tkfr vkSj tutkfr dh vk/ks ls vf/kd efgyk,a vc Hkh fuj{kj gSaA 'kgjh bykdksa esa vLFkkbZ etnwjksa dh xjhch dk vuqikr fcgkj ¼86 çfr'kr½ esa lcls vf/kd gS tcfd vle esa 89 çfr'kr] vksfM'kk esa 58.8 çfr'kr] iatkc esa 56.3 çfr'kr] mÙkj çns'k esa 67.6 çfr'kr vkSj if'pe caxky esa 53.7 çfr'kr gSA xzkeh.k bykdksa esa ns[kk x;k gS fd ftu ifjokjksa dh ftEesnkjh vYio;Ldksa ij gksrh gS muds djhc dk vuqikr 16.7 çfr'kr gS tcfd ftu ifjokjksa dh eqf[k;k efgyk,a vkSj ofj"B ukxfjd gSa muesa xjhch dk vuqikr Øe'k: 29.4 çfr'kr vkSj 30.3 çfr'kr gSA 'kgjh bykdksa esa bu vYio;Ldksa }kjk pyk, tkus okys ifjokjksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr 15.7 çfr'kr gS tcfd efgykvksa vkSj ukxfjdksa }kjk pyk, tkus okys ifjokjksa esa xjhch dk vuqikr Øe'k: 22.1 çfr'kr vkSj 20 çfr'kr gS tcfd dqy xjhch dk vuqikr 20.9 çfr'kr gSA xzkeh.k bykdksa esa ftu ifjokjksa esa çkFkfed vkSj fuEu f'k{kk çkIr yksx gSa muesa lcls vf/kd xjhch gS tcfd ftu ifjokjksa esa ek/;fed vkSj mPprj f'k{kk çkIr yksx gSa os csgrj gkyr esa gSaA fcgkj vkSj NÙkhlx<+ ds xzkeh.k bykdksa esa çkFkfed vkSj fuEurj Lrj dh f'k{kk okys nks frgkbZ ifjokj xjhc gSa tcfd mÙkj çns'k esa ;g vuqikr 46.8 çfr'kr vkSj vksfM'kk dk vuqikr 47.5 çfr'kr gSA yxHkx ;gh #>ku 'kgjh bykdksa esa fn[kkA Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ;kstuk vk;ksx ds mik/;{k eksaVsd flag vgywokfy;k vkSj dsaæh; xzkeh.k fodkl ea=h t;jke jes'k us 21 vDVwcj 2011 dks Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 tkjh fd;kA Hkkjr ekuo f'k{kk ds ekeys esa Hkkjr esa eqlyekuksa dh lk{kjrk nj lcls uhps gSA mÙkj çns'k] fcgkj vkSj if'pe caxky esa lkr lky ls vf/kd vk;q oxZ dh ns'k dh dqy eqfLye vkcknh dk 46 çfr'kr fgLlk jgrk gSA tcfd eqfLyeksa leqnk; ds dqy fuj{kjksa esa ls 58 Qhlnh bUgha jkT;ksa esa gSaA yxHkx 20 djksM+ vkcknh okys mÙkj çns'k esa 19.2 çfr'kr] if'pe caxky esa 14.8 vkSj fcgkj esa 13.4 çfr'kr eqfLye vkcknh gSA vuqlwfpr tkfr dh dqy vkcknh dk 46 çfr'kr fgLlk mÙkj çns'k] fcgkj] if'pe caxky vkSj vka/kz çns'k esa jgrk gSA jktLFkku] >kj[kaM] mM+hlk] NÙkhlx<+ vkSj e/; çns'k ,sls jkT; gSa] tgka vuqlwfpr tutkfr dh dqy vkcknh dh 48 çfr'kr jgrh gSA tcfd bl leqnk; ds dqy vf'kf{krksa esa ls 55 çfr'kr bUgha jkT;ksa esa gSaA Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ds vuqlkj Hkkjr esa ekuo fodkl dh fLFkfr esa dkQh lq/kkj gqvk gSA o"kZ 2000 ds eqdkcys o"kZ 2008 esa blesa 21 Qhlnh dh csgrjh ntZ dh xbZA ekuo fodkl lwph esa dsjy lcls Åij gS] tcfd NÙkhlx<+ lcls fupys ik;nku ij gSA tkjh fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj o"kZ 2007&08 esa ekuo fodkl nj c<+dj 0.467 gks xbZA tcfd o"kZ 1999&2000 ds nkSjku ;g 0.387 gh FkhA ;kuh 21 Qhlnh dh c<+ksrjh gqbZ gSA fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj o"kZ 2001&2011 ds nkSjku lcls rst fodkl f'k{kk ds {ks= esa gqvkA ;g lq/kkj 28.5 Qhlnh jgkA yksxksa dh vk; esa Hkh bl nkSjku 21.5 Qhlnh dh o`f) gqbZA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 104 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  11. 11. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ds vuqlkj LokLF; ds {ks= esa fodkl cgqr /khek gqvkA bl {ks= esa fodkl nj flQZ 13A2 Qhlnh gh gqvkA LokLF; ds {ks= esa lcls vPNh fodkl nj xksok us gkfly dhA ;gka ;g nj 79 Qhlnh jgh] ysfdu nwljs uacj ij jgus okys jkT; NÙkhlx<+ esa ;g nj flQZ 22 Qhlnh FkhA LokLF; ds iSekus ij lcls de fodkl fnYyh esa gqvkA ;g flQZ pkj Qhlnh jgkA fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj Hkkjr esa nl gtkj yksxksa ij vLirky ds flQZ ukS fcLrj miyC/k gSaA blh rjg çfr nl gtkj vkcknh ij flQZ Ng MkWDVj miyC/k gSaA Hkkjr ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ 2011 ds vuqlkj vk/kkjHkwr lajpuk ds {ks= esa dsjy] fnYyh vkSj xksok tSls jkT;ksa us <kapkxr lqfo/kkvksa dh enn ls pkSeq[kh fodkl fd;k gS] ogha fcgkj] >kj[kaM] mÙkj çns'k] e/; çns'k vkSj NÙkhlx<+ tSls jkT; <kapkxr lqfo/kkvksa dh deh ds dkj.k vHkh Hkh xjhc cus gq, gSaA fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj dsjy us jk"Vªh; vkSlr ls pkj xquk vf/kd lM+das cukbZ gSaA o"kZ 2004 ds vkadM+ksa ds vk/kkj ij dsjy esa çfr 100 oxZ fdyksehVj {ks=Qy ij 369 fdehA lM+das Fkha] tcfd lM+dksa dk jk"Vªh; vkSlr çfr 100 oxZ fdehA {ks=Qy ij 80 fdeh dk gSA lM+d fuekZ.k ds ekeys esa lcls vkxs jgus okyk dsjy fodkl ds ekeys esa vU; jkT;ksa ls vkxs gSA fcgkj] NÙkhlx<+] fgekpy çns'k] jktLFkku] egkjk"Vª] rfeyukMq vkSj mÙkj çns'k jkT; ljdkj }kjk ç/kkuea=h xzke lM+d ;kstuk ds fu/kkZfjr y{; rd dks iwjk ugha fd;k x;kA fcgkj] >kj[kaM mÙkj çns'k vkSj if'pe caxky tSls ?kuh vkcknh okys jkT;ksa esa çfr nl yk[k dh vkcknh ij 25.9 fdeh ds jk"Vªh; vkSlr ls Hkh de lM+das cuh gSaA gkykafd egkjk"Vª] vka/kz çns'k vkSj e/; çns'k tSls ?kuh vkcknh jkT;ksa esa jk"Vªh; vkSlr ls vf/kd lM+das cuh gSaA us'kuy LVkWd ,Dlpsat esa dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM ds 'ks;j ewY; esa nks çfr'kr dh o`f) gqbZ vkSj daiuh dk cktkj iwathdj.k c<+dj 251296 djksM+ #i, ij igqap x;kA dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM Hkkjr dh dks;yk mRiknd daiuh gSA cktkj ewY; ds lanHkZ esa eqd'k s vackuh dh isVªksfy;e daiuh fjyk;al baMLVªht fyfeVsM ¼vkjvkbZ,y½ nwljs LFkku ij vkSj lkoZtfud {ks= dh rsy daiuh vks,uthlh rhljs LFkku ij gSA vkjvkbZ,y ds 'ks;j esa 0.55 çfr'kr dh fxjkoV gqbZ vkSj daiuh dk cktkj ewY; 247129 djksM+ #i, jg x;k] tks lhvkbZ,y ds cktkj ewY; ls 4000 djksM+ #i, de gSA vkjvkbZ,y us igyk LFkku o"kZ 2007 esa vks,uthlh ls fy;k FkkA vks,uthlh dh cktkj iwath 237200 djksM+ #i, gSaA fofnr gks fd dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM us o"kZ 2010 esa cktkj esa lwphc) gqbZ Fkh] vkSj mlh le; 203000 djksM+ #i, ds cktkj iwathdj.k ds lkFk ns'k dh ikapoh lcls ewY;oku daiuh cu xbZ Fkh QkLQsV vkSj iksVkl okys moZjdksa ij fj;k;r esa la'kks/ku gsrq çLrko dks dsaæh; eaf=eaMy dh eatwjh dsæh; eaf=eaMy us 2011&12 ds fy, QkLQsV vkSj iksVkl a okys moZjdksa ij iks"kd rRo vk/kkfjr fj;k;r ¼NBS½ esa la'kks/ku ds fy, çLrkoksa dks 28 vçSy 2011 dks eatwjh çnku dhA bl eatwjh ls foÙko"kZ 2011&12 esa moZjd mRiknd vkSj vk;krd] moZjd vkSj mudk dPpk eky vk;kr dj ldsxs vkSj a ns'k esa mudk mRiknu Hkh dj ldsxsA blls bu moZjdksa dh ?kjsyw a dherksa esa c<+ksÙkjh ugha gksxhA ns'kHkj ds fdlku vf/kdre [kqnjk ewY; ij fj;k;r ds lkFk moZjd [kjhn ldsxsA a lkoZtfud {ks= dh daiuh dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM ns'k dh lcls ewY;oku daiuh cuh iksVkl vkSj QkLQsV moZjdksa ds fy, 2011&12 esa 33 gtkj 500 djksM+ #i, dk ctVh; çko/kku fd;k x;k gSA ;|fi ;g dqy fj;k;r O;; 2011&12 esa moZjdksa dh dqy fcØh ij fuHkZj djsxhA ijUrq ;g fj;k;r ,d [kjc rd igqpus dk vuqeku gSA ;s fj;k;rsa ,d vçSy 2011 ls çHkkoh ekuh xbZA lkoZtfud {ks= dh daiuh dksy bafM;k fyfeVsM ¼lhvkbZ,y½ ns'k dh lcls ewY;oku daiuh cu xbZA 16 vxLr 2011 dks fofnr gks fd moZjd foHkkx us 2011&12 ds fy, iks"kd rRo vk/kkfjr fj;k;r dh ?kks"k.kk ekpZ 2011 esa gh dj nh Fkh Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 105 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  12. 12. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books rkfd moZjdksa ds vk;krd vkSj fuekZrk vkiwfrZ fufonkvksa esa 'kkfey gks ldsa vkSj ns'k esa fdlkuksa dks moZjd miyC/k gks ldsA bu fj;k;rksa dks 1 vçSy 2011 ls ykxw fd;k tkuk FkkA gkykafd] moZjd daifu;ksa us varjjk"Vªh; cktkj esa moZjdksa dh c<+rh dherksa vkSj budh de miyC/krk dh ekStwnk varjjk"Vªh; fLFkfr ds eísutj foÙko"kZ 2011&12 esa igys ls r; fj;k;rksa ds vk/kkj ij vkiwfrZ vuqca/k dks vafre :i nsus esa vleFkZrk trkbZ FkhA ,d varj ea=ky;h lfefr us bl ij fopkj dj fj;k;r njksa esa la'kks/ku dh flQkfj'k dh FkhA mlds ckn moZjd foHkkx us bu njksa esa la'kks/ku dk çLrko ljdkj ds vuqeksnu ds fy, çLrqr fd;k FkkA Hksy }kjk e/; çns'k ds chuk esa Hkkjr dk çFke vYVªk gkbZ oksYVst VªkalQkWeZj dk;Z'khy fctyh vkSj Hkkjh midj.k cukus okyh lkoZtfud {ks= dh daiuh Hkkjr gsoh bysfDVªdy fyfeVsM ¼Hksy½ us e/; çns'k ds chuk esa Hkkjr ds çFke 1200 fdyksokWV ds vYVªk gkbZ oksYVst VªkalQkWeZj dks pkyw fd;kA Hkkjr gsoh bysfDVªdy fyfeVsM ¼BHEL: Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited] Hksy½ ds vuqlkj 1200 fdyksokWV ds vYVªk gkbZ oksYVst VªkalQkWeZj dks 6 Qjojh 2012 dks dk;Z'khy fd;k x;kA Hkkjr gsoh bysfDVªdy fyfeVsM ¼Hksy½ }kjk vYVªk gkbZ oksYVst VªkalQkWeZj ¼ HVAC: Ultra High Voltage Alternating U Current½ dk fodkl] fofuekZ.k vkSj ijh{k.k Lo;a fd;k x;k gSA Hksy ds vuqlkj bl ç.kkyh ds fodkl ls fctyh mRiknu dsæ ls a nwj fLFkr yksM dsæksa rd fctyh Hkstus dh n{krk esa lq/kkj laHko a gSA KkrO; gks fd Hksy us bl VªkalQkWeZj ds fodkl ds fy, ikojfxzM dkWjiksjs'ku ds lkFk lgefr i= ¼,evks;w½ ij gLrk{kj fd, FksA dsaæ ljdkj }kjk NksVh cpr ;kstukvksa ij T;knk C;kt nj nsus dk fu.kZ; dsaæ ljdkj us NksVh cpr ;kstukvksa ¼Small Savings Schemes½ ij T;knk C;kt nj nsus dk fu.kZ; 11 uoacj 2011 dks fy;kA blds rgr ifCyd çksfoMsV QaM ¼PPF: Public a Provident Fund] ihih,Q½ vkSj Mkd ?kj tek ;kstukvksa ij feyus okyh C;kt dh nj dks c<+k fn;k x;kA ifCyd çksfoMsV QaM ¼PPF: Public Provident Fund] a ihih,Q½ ij feyus okyh 8 çfr'kr C;kt nj dks c<+kdj 8A6 çfr'kr dj fn;k x;kA ihih,Q ds rgr okf"kZd fuos'k dh lhek dks Hkh 70 gtkj :i;s ls c<+kdj ,d yk[k :i;s fd;k x;kA Mkd ?kj tek ;kstuk ds rgr cpr [kkrk /kkjdksa dks feyus okyh 3A5 çfr'kr C;kt nj dks c<+kdj 4 çfr'kr dj fn;k x;kA tcfd Mkd ?kj dh lHkh ekfld vk; ;kstukvksa ij C;kt dh nj dks 8A2 çfr'kr vkSj jk"Vªh; cpr i= ¼NSC: National Savings Certificate½ ij C;kt dh nj dks 8A4 çfr'kr fd;k x;kA Mkd ?kj dh ekfld vk; ;kstuk vkSj jk"Vªh; cpr i= dh ifjiDork vof/k dks N% o"kZ ls ?kVkdj ikap o"kZ fd;k x;kA nl o"kZ dh ifjiDork vof/k okyh ,d jk"Vªh; cpr i= ;kstuk dh Hkh ?kks"k.kk dh xbZ] ftldh C;kt nj 8A7 çfr'kr j[kh xbZA ,d o"kZ dh ifjiDork vof/k okyh lkof/k tek ¼FiÛed Deposit½ ;kstuk ij lcls T;knk C;kt nj c<+kbZ xbZ ¼6-25 ls c<+kdj 7-7 çfr'kr½A vU; lkof/k tek ;kstukvksa ij vkSlru ,d çfr'kr C;kt nj dh o`f) dh xbZA dsaæ ljdkj }kjk fdlku fodkl i= ¼Kisan Vikas Patra½ dks lekIr djus dk egRoiw.kZ fu.kZ; fy;k x;kA lkFk gh ekfld vk; ;kstukvksa ij cksul nsus dh çfØ;k dks lekIr djus vkSj ifCyd çksfoMsV QaM ij ,tsaV dks feyus okyh ,d çfr'kr a deh'ku dks Hkh can djus dk fu.kZ; fy;k x;kA ifCyd çksfoMsV QaM ¼PPF: Public Provident Fund] a ihih,Q½ ij feyus okyh dtZ dks egaxk dj fn;k x;kA iwoZ esa ljdkj }kjk ihih,Q ij ftruk C;kt nj fn;k tkrk Fkk mlls ,d çfr'kr T;knk dh nj ij dtZ eqgS;k fd;k tkrk FkkA u, fu;eksa ds vuqlkj ihih,Q ij feyus okys C;kt nj ls nks çfr'kr vf/kd ij dtZ fn;k tkuk gSA KkrO; gks dh Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dh iwoZ MhIVh xouZj ';keyk xksihukFk dh v/;{krk okyh lfefr Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 106 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  13. 13. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books us NksVh cpr ;kstukvksa ¼Small Savings Schemes½ esa cnyko laca/kh fjiksVZ dsæ ljdkj dks lkSaih FkhA ml fjiksVZ esa NksVh a cpr ;kstukvksa esa cnyko laca/kh flQkfj'ksa dh xbZ Fkha ih,ebZ,lh }kjk foÙk o"kZ 2012&13 esa thMhih dh o`f) nj 7A5 ls 8 çfr'kr jgus dk vuqeku ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn us foÙk o"kZ 2012&13 esa Hkkjr ds ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ;kuh thMhih dh o`f) nj dk vuqeku 7A5 ls 8 çfr'kr dk yxk;k gSA ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn ¼PMEAC: Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council] ih,ebZ,lh½ us vFkZO;oLFkk dh leh{kk djrs gq, 22 Qjojh 2012 dks dsæ ljdkj dks jktdks"kh; fLFkfr a etcwr cukus ds fy, isVªksfy;e lfClMh ij vadq'k yxkus dh lykg nhA vkSj dPps rsy dk mRiknu ?kVus ls [kku ,oa mR[kuu {ks= esa o"kZ 2011&12 ds nkSjku fxjkoV dk #[k jgus dk vuqeku tkjh fd;k x;kA MkW- lh jaxjktu dh v/;{krk okyh ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn us lfClMh ds {ks= esa lq/kkjksa ij lq>ko nsrs gq, crk;k fd Mhty ewY; dks pj.kc) <ax ls fu;a=.keqä djus vkSj ,yihth o dsjkslhu ds ekeys esa Hkh fofHkUu fjiksVksaZ esa fn, x, lq>ko ij ckrphr vkxs c<+uh pkfg,A lkFk gh moZjd vkSj isVªksfy;e lfClMh ds {ks= esa lq/kkjksa ij vkxs c<+uk pkfg,A KkrO; gks fd ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn us foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 esa 6A9 çfr'kr thMhih fodkl nj ds vuqeku esa o`f) djrs gq, fodkl nj 7A1 çfr'kr jgus dk vuqeku trk;kA ifj"kn us tqykbZ] 2011 esa 8A2 çfr'kr fodkl nj dk vuqeku yxk;k FkkA xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ksa ds fy, dM+s fn'kk&funsZ'k vFkZO;oLFkk dh leh{kk esa ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn us foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 esa —f"k {ks= ds fodkl nj dk vuqeku rhu çfr'kr yxk;kA tcfd dsæh; lkaf[;dh laxBu ds a iwokZuqekuksa esa —f"k fodkl nj 2A5 çfr'kr j[kh xbZ FkhA ifj"kn ds v/;{k MkW lh jaxjktu ds vuqlkj foÙk o"kZ 2012&13 esa egaxkbZ dh nj Hkh uhps cuh jg ldrh gSA ifj"kn }kjk tkjh o"kZ 2011&12 dh vkfFkZd leh{kk esa foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 esa jktdks"kh; ?kkVk 4A6 çfr'kr ds ctV vuqeku ls vf/kd jgus dk vuqeku yxk;k x;kA xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ksa ds fu;eu ds fy, dM+s fn'kk&funsZ'k is'k fd;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dh fMIVh xouZj m"kk FkksjkV dh v/;{krk okys dk;Zlewg us viuh flQkfj'k is'k dhA xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ksa ¼,uch,Qlh½ ds fy, fu;eu vkSj fuxjkuh <kaps dks etcwr cukus gsrq dk;Zlewg us ubZ ,uch,Qlh ds iathdj.k ds fy, U;wure 50 djksM+ #i;s dh laifÙk dks vfuok;Z cukus dk lq>ko fn;kA dk;Zlewg us blds lkFk gh blls de laifÙk;ksa okyh ,uch,Qlh dk iathdj.k jí djus ;k fQj mUgsa nks o"kZ ds ckn u;k iathdj.k çek.ki= ysus dk Hkh lq>ko fn;kA ç/kkuea=h dh vkfFkZd lykgdkj ifj"kn us foÙk o"kZ 2012&13 esa egaxkbZ dh nj ikap ls Ng çfr'kr ds nk;js esa jgus dk vuqeku yxk;kA gkykafd ifj"kn us dsæ ljdkj dks [kk| inkFkksaZ ds nke ij a l[r fuxjkuh j[ks tkus dh lykg nhA lq>ko esa ifj"kn us crk;k fd —f"k mRiknu c<+kus ds lkFk [kk|kUuksa] Qy] lfCt;ksa vkSj nqX/k mRiknksa dh vklku vkiwfrZ ds fy, etcwr vk/kkjHkwr <kapk [kM+k djus ij /;ku fn;k tkuk pkfg,A dks;yk mRiknu ?kVus] ykSg v;Ld mRiknu ij çfrca/k o çk—frd xSl mRiknu esa deh m"kk FkksjkV dh v/;{krk okys dk;Zlewg dh flQkfj'k esa çko/kku laca/kh fn'kkfunsZ'kksa vkSj 'ks;j czksdjksa o epsaZV cSadjksa dks dtZ nsus esa ,uch,Qlh ds fy, cSadksa tSls fu;e ykxw djus ij cy fn;k x;kA lkFk gh cSadksa ij ykxw gksus okys ,dkmafVax fu;e dks xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ksa ds fy, Hkh ykxw fd, tkus dk lq>ko fn;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us lq>koksa ij fgr/kkjdksa vkSj turk ls 30 flracj 2011 rd fVIif.k;ka ekaxh gSa] ftlds ckn bls fØ;kfUor fd;k tkuk gSA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 107 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  14. 14. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books fn'kk&funsZ'k ds eq[; fcanq% v ubZ ,uch,Qlh ds iathdj.k ds fy, U;wure #i;s dh laifÙk vfuok;Z 50 djksM+ djksM+ #i;s ls d.k laifÙk okys ,uch,Qlh dk iathdj.k jí djus ;k fQj mUgsa nks o"kZ ds ckn u;k iathdj.k çek.ki= ysus dk çko/kku v 50 v 'ks;j czksdjksa o epsaZV cSadjksa dks dtZ nsus esa ,uch,Qlh ds fy, cSadksa tSls fu;e ykxw gksa v cSadksa ij ykxw gksus okys ,dkmafVax fu;e dks xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ksa ¼,uch,Qlh½ ds fy, Hkh ykxw djuk v ,d gtkj djksM+ #i;s ls T;knk dh laifÙk okyh lHkh ,uch,Qlh ds fy, funs'kd eaMy dk xBu vfuok;Z v iathdj.k ds rhu o"kZ ds Hkhrj iwath i;kZIrrk dh –f"V ls mudh U;wure 'ks;j iwath 12 çfr'kr gksuk vfuok;Z v dtZ olwyh ds u, dkuwu&foÙkh; laifÙk;ksa dk iquxZBu o çfrHkwfrdj.k vkSj çfrHkwfr fgr çorZu vf/kfu;e ¼ljQslh dkuwu½ dk ykHk çfr'kr ls vf/kd dh çR;{k ;k ijks{k fgLlsnkjh gLrkarj.k] fu;a=.k esa cnyko vkSj jftLVMZ ,uch,Qlh ds foy; ;k vf/kxzg.k ds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dh vuqefr vfuok v 25 lh,evkbbZ us foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 ds fy, Hkkjr dk thMhih esa o`f) dk vuqeku 7A1 Qhlnh fd;k lsaVj QkWj ekWuhVfjax bafM;u bdksukWeh us foÙk o"kZ 2011&12 ds fy, Hkkjr ds ldy ?kjsyw mRiknu esa o`f) dk vuqeku ?kVkdj 7.1 Qhlnh fd;kA lsaVj QkWj ekWuhVfjax bafM;u bdksukWeh }kjk blls iwoZ yxk;k x;k vuqeku 7.8 Qhlnh dk FkkA lsaVj QkWj ekWuhVfjax bafM;u bdksukWeh us 12 fnlacj 2011 dks u;k vuqeku tkjh fd;kA tqykbZ&flracj 2011 frekgh esa Hkkjr ds ldy ?kjsyw mRiknu dh fodkl nj 6A9 Qhlnh jg xbZ] tks fd fiNys lky dh leku frekgh esa 7.7 Qhlnh jgh FkhA lsaVj QkWj ekWuhVfjax bafM;u bdksukWeh us Hkkjr ds thMhih esa o`f) dk vuqeku dks ?kVkus ds ihNs rhu rdZ fn,A ;s rhu rdZ gSa% fons'kh ekax esa deh] {kerk foLrkj dk;ksaZ esa /khesiu vkSj dkjksckjh fo'okl esa dehA lh,evkbbZ ds vuqlkj ;wjkstksu esa dtZ ladV ds dkj.k Hkkjrh; mRiknksa dh ekax esa deh vkbZ gSA lkFk gh csgn Åaph C;kt njksa vkSj [kzjkc dkjksckjh ekgkSy ds dkj.k fuos'k vkSj {kerk foLrkj esa /khesiu cuk gqvk gSA lsaVj QkWj ekWuhVfjax bafM;u bdksukWeh ds vuqlkj egaxkbZ ij fu;a=.k djus ds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk ekpZ 2010 ds ckn ls C;kt njksa esa dqy 13 ckj esa 375 vk/kkj vad dh o`f) Hkh ,d egRoiw.kZ dkj.k gSA C;kt njksa esa bl rst o`f) dk vlj ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ds vkadM+ksa ij Li"V :i ls iM+k gSA tqykbZ&flracj 2011 frekgh esa fodkl nj vçSy&twu 2011 ds eqdkcys 0A6 Qhlnh ?kVh gSA lgkjk bafM;k ikoj vkSj dksfj;k bZLV&osLV ikoj ds lgkjk bafM;k ikoj dkjiksjs'ku vkSj dksfj;k bZLV&osLV ikoj dkjiksjs'ku ds e/; 6000 esxkokV fctyh mRiknu le>kSrk 17 vxLr 2011 dks gqvkA 6000 esxkokV mRiknu {kerk ds fctyh la;a= LFkkfir djus ds fy, nksuksa daifu;ksa us ;g le>kSrk fd;kA lgkjk bafM;k ikoj dkjiksjs'ku vkSj dksfj;k bZLV&osLV ikoj dkjiksjs'ku ds le>kSrs ds rgr nksuksa daifu;ka ns'k esa vYVªk esxk ikoj çkstsDV lfgr vU; ifj;kstukvksa ds fy, la;qä :i ls dj vk/kkfjr cksfy;ka yxkus dks lger gqbZaA KkrO; gks fd vYVªk esxk ikoj çkstsDV esa 4000 esxkokV fctyh mRiknu dh {kerk dk y{; gksrk gSA dqy 6000 esxkokV ds bu la;a=ksa esa mM+hlk ds frryx<+ esa çLrkfor 1320 esxkokV dk fctyh la;a= Hkh 'kkfey gSA ;g la;a= lqijfØfVdy VsDuksykWth ij vk/kkfjr ;kstuk gS vkSj bl ij 8000 djksM+ #i;s dk fuos'k fd;k tkuk gSA lgkjk bafM;k ikoj dkjiksjs'ku fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa dk;Zjr lgkjk lewg dh daiuh gS] tcfd dksfj;k bZLV&osLV ikoj dkjiksjs'ku nf{k.k dksfj;k dh ljdkjh daiuh Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 108 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  15. 15. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books Hkkjr dk lcls cM+k ftal ,Dlpsat ,elh,Dl cacbZ 'ks;j cktkj esa lwphc) Hkkjr dk lcls cM+k ftal ,Dlpsat ,elh,Dl 9 ekpZ 2012 dks cacbZ 'ks;j cktkj esa lwphc) gqvkA cacbZ 'ks;j cktkj esa lwphc) gksus ds lkFk gh ,elh,Dl dk 'ks;j 34 çfr'kr ds çhfe;e ds lkFk ;kuh 1400 #i;s ds Lrj dks ikj dj x;kA gkykafd] equkQkolwyh ds pyrs dkjksckj ds var esa ;g 25.7 Qhlnh dh c<+ksrjh ds lkFk 1297.05 #i;s ij can gqvkA ftal ,Dlpsat ,elh,Dl us vkbihvks ds vkosnudrkZvksa dks 'ks;jksa dk vkoaVu 1032 #i;s ds Hkko ij fd;k FkkA ,elh,Dl 'ks;j cktkj esa lwphc) gksus okyk ns'k dk igyk ,Dlpsat gSA lkFk gh ;g cktkj fu;ked lsch ds u, fu;eksa ds rgr lwphc) gksus okyh igyh daiuh gSA KkrO; gks fd lsch us 20 tuojh 2012 dks u, fn'kk&funsZ'kksa dh ?kks"k.kk dh FkhA u, fn'kk&funsZ'kksa ds rgr lqcg ukS cts ls nl cts ds chp lwphc) gksus ls igys 'ks;jksa ds fy, cksyh yxkbZ tkuh vfuok;Z gSA Fkksd ewY; vk/kkfjr ekfld egaxkbZ dh nj fnlacj 2011 esa 7A47 Qhlnh Fkksd ewY; vk/kkfjr ekfld egaxkbZ dh nj fnlacj 2011 esa 7.47 Qhlnh ntZ dh xbZA o"kZ 2010 vkSj 2011 esa ;g vkadM+k lcls de gSA uoacj 2011 esa ;g nj 9.11 Qhlnh Fkh] tcfd fnlacj 2010 esa 9A45 Qhlnh FkhA egaxkbZ dh ekfld nj esa deh ds ihNs eq[; rkSj ij lfCt;ksa o Qyksa lfgr dqN vU; [kk| mRiknksa dh dherksa esa Hkkjh fxjkoV vkSj eSU;qQSDpfjax mRiknksa esa ntZ dh xbZ ujeh gSA gkykafd fnlacj 2011 esa tgka vU; lHkh [kk| mRiknksa dh dherksa esa Hkkjh fxjkoV ntZ dh xbZ gS ogh nky] nw/k] ekal&eNyh] vaMs vkfn dh dherksa esa rsth ntZ dh xbZA fnlacj 2011 esa nkyksa dh Fkksd dher esa 13.62 Qhlnh dk btkQk ntZ fd;k x;kA vaMs esa 11.88 Qhlnh] nw/k esa 11.02 Qhlnh] [kk| rsyksa esa 11.52 Qhlnh dh c<+ksrjh gqbZ gSA KkrO; gks fd lkekU; egaxkbZ ds lwpdkad esa [kk| mRiknksa dh fgLlsnkjh 14 Qhlnh gSA [kk| mRiknksa dh egaxkbZ nj vDVwcj 2011 ds ckn ls yxkrkj de gksrs gq, fnlacj 2011 ds rhljs lIrkg _.kkRed gks xbZ FkhA dsæ a ljdkj us ekpZ 2012 rd egaxkbZ dh nj ds lkr Qhlnh ij vkus dk y{; j[kk gSA ch,l,u,y dks czkWMcSaM ok;jysl ,Dlsl LisDVªe ykSVkus dh eatwjh nwjlapkj foHkkx us lkoZtfud {ks= dh nwjlapkj daiuh ch,l,u,y dks czkWMcSaM ok;jysl ,Dlsl LisDVªe ykSVkus dh lS)kafrd eatwjh 7 fnlacj 2011 dks nhA nwjlapkj foHkkx us Hkkjr lapkj fuxe fyfeVsM ¼ch,l,u,y½ dks 13&14 lfdZy esa czkWMcSaM ok;jysl ,Dlsl LisDVªe ykSVkus dh lS)kafrd eatwjh çnku dhA o"kZ 2009 esa ch,l,u,y dks 21 lfdZy esa chMCY;w, LisDVªe ds xSj ekudh—r cSaM vkoafVr fd, x, FksA ch,l,u,y us 2010 esa chMCY;w, LisDVªe [kjhnus ds fy, 8]500 djksM+ #i;s dk Hkqxrku nwjlapkj foHkkx dks fd;k FkkA KkrO; gks fd lkoZtfud {ks= dh nwjlapkj daiuh ch,l,u,y dks o"kZ 2010&11 esa 6]000 djksM+ #i;s ls T;knk dk uqdlku gqvk gSA foÙkh; ?kkVk de djus gsrq daiuh us nwjlapkj foHkkx dks 21 lfdZy esa ls 17 lfdZy esa chMCY;w, LisDVªe lkSaius dh is'kd'k djrs gq, vkosnu fd;k FkkA Hkkjr lapkj fuxe fyfeVsM flQZ egkjk"Vª] vka/kz çns'k] xqtjkr vkSj gfj;k.kk lfdZy ds LisDVªe j[kuk pkgrh gSA chek fofu;ked fodkl çkf/kdj.k }kjk thou chek daifu;ksa dks vkbihvks tkjh djus gsrq fn'kk&funsZ'k chek fofu;ked fodkl çkf/kdj.k us Hkkjr esa thou chek daifu;ksa dks vkbihvks tkjh djus ds fn'kk&funsZ'k 1 fnlacj 2011 dks tkjh fd,A bjMk ds fn'kk&funsZ'k ds vuqlkj Hkkjr esa nl lky ls vf/kd le; ls dkjksckj dj jgh chek daiuh dks vkbihvks ykus dh vuqefr gksxhA chek fofu;ked fodkl çkf/ kdj.k ¼bjMk½ ds u, fn'kk&funsZ'k ds rgr futh {ks= dh ,pMh,Qlh LVSaMMZ ykbQ] vkblhvkblhvkb çqMsaf'k;y vkSj ,lchvkb ykbZQ Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 109 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  16. 16. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books vkbihvks yk ldrh gSaA gkykafd bjMk dh tkjh vf/klwpuk esa dgk x;k gS fd vkbihvks ds vkdkj dk QSlyk çkf/kdj.k djsxkA bjMk us blds lkFk gh chek daifu;ksa ds çorZdksa dks viuh fgLlsnkjh cspus dh vuqefr Hkh nhA ijUrq çorZdksa dks daiuh ls fudyus ls jksdus dks ykWd bu vof/k Lo;a çkf/kdj.k r; djsxkA lkFk gh fdlh Hkh thou chek daiuh dks bjMk ls iwoZ vuqefr fy, fcuk vkbihvks ds fy, cktkj fu;ked lsch ds ikl vkosnu dk vf/kdkj ugha fn;k x;k ewMht }kjk Hkkjrh; cSafdax {ks= dh lk[k udkjkRed ?kksf"kr oSf'od ØsfMV jsfVax ,tsalh ewMht us Hkkjrh; cSafdax {ks= dh lk[k dks 9 uoacj 2011 dks udkjkRed ?kksf"kr fd;kA Hkkjrh; cSafdax {ks= dh lk[k blls iwoZ fLFkj FkhA cSafdax {ks= dh lk[k udkjkRed dk vFkZ gS fd Hkkjr esa cSadksa dh gkyr Bhd ugha gS vkSj buesa fuos'k djuk [krjukd gSA KkrO; gks fd udkjkRed jsfVax dk fu/kkZj.k mrkj&p<+ko vkSj vfuf'pr gkykr ls gksrk gSA ,slk çFke ckj gqvk tc fdlh oSf'od ØsfMV jsfVax ,tsalh }kjk iwjs Hkkjrh; cSafdax {ks= dh lk[k dks udkjkRed ?kksf"kr fd;k x;kA oSf'od ØsfMV jsfVax ,tsalh ewMht ¼Moody's½ us vDVwcj 2011 esa Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad dh jsfVax Hkh ?kVkbZ Fkh u, futh cSadksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk fn'kkfunsZ'kksa dk çk:i tkjh Hkkjr esa u, futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk fn'kkfunsZ'kksa dk çk:i 29 tqykbZ 2011 dks tkjh fd;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk tkjh fn'kkfunsZ'kksa ds vuqlkj u, futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq daifu;ksa dks de ls de 500 djksM+ #i;s dk fuos'k vfuok;Z fd;k x;kA lkFk gh bu cSadksa esa igys ikap o"kZ rd fons'kh fgLlsnkjh dh vf/kdre lhek 49 çfr'kr r; dh xbZA u, futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk tkjh fn'kkfunsZ'kksa esa dsoy iw.kZ LokfeRo okyh xSj lapkfyr gksfYMax daiuh ds tfj;s gh u, cSad LFkkfir fd, tk ldrs gSaA lkFk gh bu gksfYMax daifu;ksa dks cSad esa U;wure 40 çfr'kr bfDoVh fgLlsnkjh j[kuk vfuok;Z gS] vkSj bls cSad LFkkiuk ls vxys ikap o"kZ rd cspk ugha tk ldrk gSA 40 çfr'kr ls vf/kd bfDoVh fgLlsnkjh gksus ij u, cSad dh gksfYMax daiuh dks cSad ykblsal feyus dh rkjh[k ls nks o"kZ ds Hkhrj mls ?kVkdj U;wure lhek rd ykuk Hkh vfuok;Z dj fn;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us ikjnf'kZrk c<+kus gsrq gksfYMax daifu;ksa }kjk u, cSadksa dks nks o"kZ ds Hkhrj 'ks;j cktkj esa lwphc) djokuk Hkh vfuok;Z dj fn;kA Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk ds lexz fodkl dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us u, futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq tkjh fn'kkfunsZ'kksa esa Li"V fd;k fd u, cSadksa ij de ls de 25 çfr'kr 'kk[kk,a cSafdax lqfo/kkvksa dh –f"V ls fiNM+s {ks=ksa esa [kksyus dh ftEesnkjh gSA futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq u, fn'kkfunsZ'kksa ds vuqlkj ;fn daiuh ykblsal feyus ds igys ikap o"kZ esa vfrfjä bfDoVh tqVkrh gS rks og vxys ikap o"kZ rd c<+h gqbZ vfrfjä bfDoVh iwath dk 40 çfr'kr vius ikl j[k ldrh gSA mlds ckn u, cSad dh gksfYMax daiuh dks bfDoVh iwath dks nl o"kZ esa 20 çfr'kr rd vkSj 12 o"kZ esa 15 çfr'kr rd lhfer djuk vfuok;Z gSA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us u, fn'kkfunsZ'kksa esa Li"V fd;k fd fuoklh Hkkjrh;ksa }kjk fu;af=r vFkok çofrZr futh {ks= esa dk;Zjr daifu;ksa vkSj daiuh lewg dks Hkh u, cSad LFkkfir djus dh vuqefr nsus ij fopkj fd;k tk,xkA gkykafd blds fy, vPNh lk[k vkSj bZekunkjh ls dke djus dk de ls de 10 o"kZ dk fjdkWMZ vfuok;Z gSA u, fn'kkfunsZ'kksa ds çk:i esa fj;y ,LVsV] daLVªD'ku vkSj czksfdax daifu;ksa dks u, cSafdax ykblsal ds fy, mfpr ik= ugha ekuk x;k gSA KkrO; gks fd foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us dsæh; ctV 2011 esa u, futh cSad ykblsal cukus dh a ?kks"k.kk dh Fkh vkSj Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dks bl laca/k esa funsZ'k fn;k FkkA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us u, futh cSad dh LFkkiuk gsrq fn'kkfunsZ'kksa dk çk:i 29 tqykbZ 2011 dks tkjh fd;kA pwafd ;g flQZ çk:i gS] bl dkj.k fjtoZ cSad us cSadksa] xSj&cSafdax foÙkh; laLFkkuksa] m|ksx lewgksa] vU; laLFkkuksa vkSj vke turk ls 31 vDVwcj 2011 rd çfrfØ;k ekaxh gSA vafre fn'kkfunsZ'k çfrfØ;k] fVIif.k;ka vkSj lq>ko feyus ds ckn tkjh fd, tkus gSa Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 110 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  17. 17. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books jk"Vªh; vkWVkseksfVo ijh{k.k vkSj vuqla/kku rFkk fodkl <kapkxr ifj;kstuk jk"Vªh; vkWVkseksfVo ijh{k.k vkSj vuqla/kku rFkk fodkl <kapkxr ifj;kstuk ds fy, 2288 djksM+ #i, ls vf/kd ds la'kksf/kr ykxr vuqeku dks eatwjh çnku dhA ;g eatwjh vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr }kjk 28 vçSy 2011 dks nh xbZA blls igys bl ifj;kstuk ij 1718 djksM+ #i, [kpZ gksus dk vuqeku j[kk x;k FkkA eaf=eaMyh; lfefr us bl ifj;kstuk dks iwjk djus dh rkjh[k Hkh 30 flrEcj 2011 ls c<+kdj 31 fnlEcj 2012 dj nhA vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMyh; lfefr us gfj;k.kk esa dqMyh esa jk"Vªh; [kk| çkS|ksfxdh m|e'khyrk vkSj a çca/ku laLFkku ¼National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management½ dh vuqekfur ykxr la'kksf/kr djds djhc 480 djksM+ #i, djus dks Hkh eatwjh nhA xsy xSl fyfeVsM vkSj dsjy çns'k vkS|ksfxd fodkl fuxe dk la;qä miØe le>kSrk lkoZtfud {ks= dh xsy xSl fyfeVsM us dsjy esa xSl lacaf/kr vk/kkjHkwr lajpuk,a LFkkfir djus ds fy, dsjy çns'k vkS|ksfxd fodkl fuxe ds lkFk la;qä miØe LFkkfir djus gsrq 3 fnlEcj 2011 dks le>kSrk fd;kA nksuksa daifu;ksa ds e/; gq, le>kSrk ds rgr la;qä miØe dk uke dsjy xsy xSl fyfeVsM j[kk x;kA dsjy xsy xSl fyfeVsM uke ds bl miØe esa xsy xSl fyfeVsM dh 26 Qhlnh vkSj dsjy çns'k vkS|ksfxd fodkl fuxe dh 24 Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh jguh gSA tcfd ckdh fgLlsnkjh foÙkh; laLFkkuksa vkSj j.kuhfrd fuos'kdksa dks nh tkuh gSA dsjy xsy xSl fyfeVsM ifj;kstuk dh ykxr 2]000 djksM+ #i;s vkadh xbZ Hkkjrh; çfrLi/kkZ vk;ksx us Mh,y,Q ij djksM+ #i;s dk tqekZuk yxk;k 630A43 Hkkjrh; çfrLi/kkZ vk;ksx us fj;y bLVsV daiuh Mh,y,Q fyfeVsM ij 630.43 djksM+ #i;s dk tqekZuk 16 vxLr 2011 dks yxk;kA Hkkjrh; çfrLi/kkZ vk;ksx us Mh,y,Q fyfeVsM dks cktkj esa viuh çHkko'kkyh fLFkfr dk nq#i;ksx djus vkSj daiuh dh gfj;k.kk ds xqM+xkao fLFkr ifj;kstuk esa ¶ySV cqd djkus okyksa ij vuki&'kuki 'krsaZ Fkksius ij ;g tqekZuk yxk;kA KkrO; gks fd Mh,y,Q dh xqM+xkao esa fcys;j uke dh vkoklh; ifj;kstuk dks o"kZ 2009 esa iwjk gksuk Fkk] ij ;g iwjk ugha fd;k x;kA lkFk gh ¶ySV [kjhnkjksa dks crk, x, okLrfod ¶yksj dh rqyuk esa vikVZesaV esa eaftyksa dh la[;k Hkh c<+k nh xbZA blls bl vkoklh; ifj;kstuk esa ¶ySV dh la[;k 384 ls c<+dj 564 rd igqap xbZA blh ds laca/k esa ¶ySV cqd djkus okys dqN yksxksa dh f'kdk;r ij Hkkjrh; çfrLi/kkZ vk;ksx us ebZ 2010 esa tkap dk vkns'k fn;k FkkA tkap esa vk;ksx us Mh,y,Q dks çfrLi/kkZ vf/kfu;e 2002 dh /kkjk 4 ¼2½ ds mYya?ku dk nks"kh ik;kA Hkkjrh; çfrLi/kkZ vk;ksx us fj;y bLVsV daiuh Mh,y,Q fyfeVsM ij 630A43 djksM+ #i;s dk tqekZuk yxkus ds lkFk gh dsæ vkSj jkT; ljdkjksa a dks fj;y bLVsV {ks= ds fy, fu;ked dk xBu djus dk lq>ko Hkh fn;k iPphl iSls ;kuh poUuh dh oS/krk dks lekIr 30 twu 2011 twu 2011 dks cSadksa esa iPphl iSls ;k pkj vkuk ;kuh pofUu;ka tek dj muds LFkku ij cM+h eqæk ds flDds ;k uksV gkfly djus dh vafre frfFk FkhA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us poUuh dks pyu ls ckgj djus dh ?kks"k.kk djrs le; lwpuk nh Fkh fd 30 twu ds ckn 25 iSls vkSj mlls de ewY; ds flDds oS/k ugha jgsaxsA dsæ ljdkj us flDdk vf/kfu;e] 1906 dh /kkjk 15, dk a bLrseky djrs gq, 25 iSls vkSj mlls de ewY; ds flDdksa dks cktkj ls okil ysus dk fu.kZ; fd;k FkkA poUuh vkSj blls de ewY; ds flDdksa ds bLrseky ij çfrca/k ds ckn lcls de ewY; dk flDdk 50 iSls dk gksxkA blls igys 1] 2] 3] 5] 10 vkSj 20 iSlk dks cktkj ls [kRe fd;k tk pqdk gSA dsæ ljdkj us poUuh a dh oS/krk lekIr djus ds ihNs rdZ fn;k fd mudh <ykbZ esa mu ij vafdr ewY; ls dgha vf/kd dk [kpkZ vkrk FkkA flDds cukus esa eq[; :i ls rkack] fudy] tLrk vkSj LVSuysl LVhy dk bLrseky fd;k tkrk gSA 30 Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 111 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  18. 18. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books ikfdLrku }kjk Hkkjr ds lkFk O;kikj ds ekeys esa çfrcaf/kr lwph O;oLFkk viukus dh vf/klwpuk tkjh ikfdLrku us Hkkjr ds lkFk O;kikj ds ekeys esa çfrcaf/kr lwph O;oLFkk viukus dh vf/klwpuk bLykekckn esa 21 ekpZ 2012 dks tkjh dj fn;kA bldk mís'; ikfdLrku dk Hkkjr ds lkFk f}i{kh; O;kikj c<+kuk gSA bl O;oLFkk ds ykxw gksus ds lkFk gh çfrcaf/kr lwph esa 'kkfey 1209 mRiknksa dks NksM+dj Hkkjr ls vU; lHkh mRiknksa ds vk;kr dh NwV fey xbZA Hkkjr ls vk;kr gksus okyh oLrqvksa esa ls 137 mRiknksa dks ok?kk fLFkr lhek ls yk;k tk ldsxkA blesa lfCt;ka] U;wtfçaV jksy vkSj 'khV~l rFkk i'kq/ku yk;k tk ldsxkA blds vfrfjä fofuekZrk LFkkuh; Lrj ij fufeZr csfld lkeku dks NksM+dj vU; dPpk eky vk;kr dj ldrs gSaA LokLF; egkfuns'kd dh eatwjh ds ckn og vkS"k/kh; mRiknksa dh iSfdax esa dke vkus okyk lkeku Hkh vk;kr dj ldsxsA a fo'o LokLF; laxBu ¼MCY;wVhvks½ }kjk eatwjh çkIr Hkkjrh; la;a=ksa ls gh Vhdksa ds vk;kr dh vuqefr nh tk,xhA ikfdLrku vkSj Hkkjr ds chp vc rd ldkjkRed oLrqvksa dh lwph ds vk/ kkj ij O;kikj gksrk jgk gSA fofnr gks fd vf/klwpuk tkjh djus ds igys ikfdLrku us Hkkjr ls 2000 ls de oLrqvksa ds vk;kr dh vuqefr ns j[kh FkhA ns'k ds fu;kZr esa tuojh 2012 esa o"kZ 2011 dh blh vof/k ds rqyuk esa 10A1 çfr'kr dh o`f) ns'k ds fu;kZr esa tuojh 2012 esa o"kZ 2011 dh blh vof/k ds eqdkcys 10A1 çfr'kr dh o`f) gqbZ vkSj if'peh cktkjksa esa ekax esa deh ds ckotwn fu;kZr 25 vjc 34 djksM+ MkWyj ij igqap x;kA gkykafd fu;kZr dh bl o`f) nj esa fnlacj 2011 ds eqdkcys ekewyh o`f) gqbZA fnlacj 2011 esa okf"kZd vk/kkj ij ;g o`f) 6A7 çfr'kr FkhA okf.kT; ea=ky; }kjk ;gvkadM+s 1 ekpZ 2012 dks tkjh fd, x,A tuojh 2012 esa vk;kr esa 20A25 çfr'kr dh o`f) ntZ dh xbZ vkSj ;g 40 vjc 10 djksM+ MkWyj dk jgkA bl rjg bl vof/k esa O;kikj ?kkVk c<+dj 14 vjc 76 djksM+ MkWyj gks x;kA tqykbZ 2011 esa fu;kZr dh o`f) nj 82 çfr'kr jgh Fkh] tks vxLr 2011 esa ?kVdj 44.25 çfr'kr] flrEcj esa 36.36 çfr'kr vkSj vDVwcj esa 10.8 çfr'kr jg xbZA fu;kZr djhc 3 [kjc Mkyj vkSj vk;kr 4 [kjc 60 vjc MkWyj rd igqap tkus dh laHkkouk gSA gkse yksu dh x.kuk esa LVkai 'kqYd vkSj jftLVªs'ku Qhl ugha% Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us lkoZtkfud o futh {ks=ksa ds cSadksa dks gkse yksu dh x.kuk flQZ vkokl dh dher ds vk/kkj ij gh djus dk fn'kk funsZ'k tkjh fd;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us vius u, fn'kk funsZ'k esa cSadksa dks LVkai 'kqYd vkSj jftLVªs'ku Qhl dks feykdj gkse yksu nsus ij jksd yxk nhA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us foxr dqN le; esa vkokl yksu esa c<+rs Qals dtsZ ¼,uih,½ dks ns[krs gq, ;g fu.kZ; fy;k gSA vkjchvkbZ ds bl fu.kZ; ls cSad de jkf'k crkSj gkse yksu xzkgdksa dks ns ldsxsA lkFk gh xzkgdksa ij bl funsZ'k dk a vlj ;g gksxk fd mUgsa ?kj [kjhnus ds fy, vc T;knk jkf'k vius fgLls ls yxkuk gksxkA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad ¼vkjchvkbZ½ us o"kZ 2011 esa 20 yk[k #i;s ls T;knk dherh vkokl ds gkse yksu ds fy, _.k vkSj ?kj dh dher dk vuqikr ¼yksu Vw oSY;w½ vf/kdre 80 Qhlnh rd fd;k FkkA tcfd 20 yk[k #i;s rd dh ?kj ds fy, yksu Vw oSY;w 90 Qhlnh rd fd;k FkkA fu;e esa Li"Vrk ugha gksus dh otg ls cSadksa us LVkai 'kqYd o jftLVªs'ku 'kqYd dks Hkh ?kj dh ykxr esa 'kkfey djuk 'kq: dj fn;k Fkk ijØkE; xksnke jlhn ç.kkyh dk mn~?kkVu miHkksäk ekeys] [kk| ,oa lkoZtfud forj.k ea=ky; us ijØkE; xksnke jlhn ç.kkyh¼Negotiable Warehouse Receipt System½ dk mn~?kkVu fd;kA bl ç.kkyh ds varxZr vc fdlku eky xksnke esa tek djk, tkus ij tkjh dh xbZ jlhn ij cSadksa ls _.k ys ldsxsA Hk.Mkj x`g fodkl fofu;ked çkf/ a kdj.k }kjk iath—r xksnkeksa }kjk tkjh dh xbZ jlhn] dsæh; dkuwu a }kjk lefFkZr gSA iwjh rjg ls ijØkE; lk/ku ds rkSj ij bLrseky dh tk ldsxhA ;g ç.kkyh fdlkuksa dks mudk eky etcwrh esa Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 112 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  19. 19. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books cspus vkSj O;kikj dk midj.k cuus ls cpko ds lkFk&lkFk mUgsa vkfFkZd lqfo/kk miyC/k djk,xhA fofnr gks fd Hk.Mkj x`g fodkl fofu;ked çkf/kdj.k dh LFkkiuk ns'k ds lHkh Hk.Mkj.k x`gksa vFkkZr eky xksnkeksa ds fodkl ds mís'; ls vDVwcj 2010 esa dh xbZ FkhA ds;uZ bafM;k dks HkkX;e rsy {ks= ls mRiknu dh eatwjh lkoZtfud {ks= dh rsy o çk—frd xSl daiuh vks,uthlh vkSj gkbMªksdkcZu egkfuns'kky; us futh {ks= dh daiuh ds;uZ dks jktLFkku CykWd ds rsy {ks= HkkX;e ls mRiknu 'kq: djus dh eatwjh çnku dhA ds;uZ }kjk mRiknu ;kstuk dks leFkZu nsus okys çek.ki= feyus ds ckn vks,uthlh vkSj gkbMªksdkcZu egkfuns'kky; us mRiknu 'kq: djus dh eatwjh 26 fnlacj 2011 dks nhA foÙk o"kZ 2012 dh mRiknu nj] dk;ZØe vkSj HkkX;e {ks= dk ctV CykWd fuxjkuh lfefr ds }kjk ikfjr gks tkus ds ckn ds;uZ HkkX;e rsy {ks= ls mRiknu 'kq: dj ldrk gSA 'kq:vkrh ;kstuk ds vuqlkj ds;uZ dks 20]000&25]000 cSjy jkstkuk mRiknu djuk gSA tcfd vçSy 2012 rd mRiknu {kerk dks 40]000 cSjy çfrfnu ds mPpre Lrj rd ys tkuk gSA KkrO; gks fd eaxyk rsy {ks= ls çfrfnu 1]25]000 cSjy rsy mRiknu fd;k tk jgk gSA jktLFkku ds HkkX;e rsy {ks= o eaxyk rsy {ks= esa ds;uZ bafM;k 70 Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh ds lkFk lapkyd daiuh gSA tcfd vU; 30 çfr'kr fgLlsnkjh lkoZtfud {ks= dh rsy o çk—frd xSl daiuh vks,uthlh gS ikap yk[k rd osru ikus okys dj nkrkvksa dks o"kZ 2011&12 esa vk;dj fjVuZ nkf[ky djus ls NwV dsUæh; çR;{k dj cksMZ us ikap yk[k rd dk osru ikus okys dj nkrkvksa dks vkadyu o"kZ 2011&12 esa 31 tqykbZ 2011 rd ns;] vk;dj fjVuZ nkf[ky djus ls NwV laca/kh ;kstuk dks vf/klwfpr dj fn;kA mu O;afä;ksa dks vk;dj fjVuZ nkf[ky djus dh vko';drk ugha gS] ftudh o"kZ 2010&11 esa ,d gh fu;kstd ls çkfIr dqy vkenuh] Lohdk;Z dVkSrh ds ckn 500000 #i, rd vkSj cpr [kkrs esa tek jkf'k ls çkIr vkenuh 10 gtkj #i, dh gSA oSls O;fä;ksa dks viuk LFkk;h [kkrk la[;k ¼iSu½ vkSj cSad ds C;kt ls gksus okyh lewph vk; dh tkudkjh vius fu;ksäk dks nsuh gksxhA mUgsa lzksr ij gh dj nsuk vkSj dj fuxeu ds ckjs esa QkWeZ la[;k 16 çkIr djuk gksxkA oSls O;fä tks ,d ls vf/kd fu;ksäk ls osru çkIr djrs gSa] osru ds vfrfjä nwljs lzksrksa ls vk; gS vkSj cSad ds cpr [kkrs dh C;kt ls vk; gksrh gS ;k tks /ku okilh dk nkok djrs gSa] bl ;kstuk ds vUrxZr ugha vk,axsA ;g ;kstuk oSls ekeyksa esa ykxw ugh gksxh] tgka vk; dj dkuwu 1961 dh /kkjk 142¼1½ ;k /kkjk 148 ;k /kkjk 153 'A' ds rgr vk; dj nkf[ky djus ds fy, uksfVl tkjh fd, x, gSA fofnr gks fd vk;dj fjVuZ nkf[ky djus ls NwV laca/kh ;kstuk dh ?kks"k.kk foÙkea=h ç.ko eq[kthZ us foÙko"kZ 2011&12 ds ctVh; Hkk"k.k esa dh FkhA ?kjsyw Jfedksa dks 'kkfey djus ds fy, jk"Vªh; LokLF; chek ;kstuk dk foLrkj ç/kkuea=h dh v/;{krk okyh dsæh; eaf=eaMy us ns'k esa a iath—r lHkh ?kjsyw Jfedksa dks 'kkfey djus ds fy, jk"Vªh; LokLF; chek ;kstuk ds foLrkj dh eatwjh 23 twu 2011 dks çnku dhA bl ;kstuk ls ns'k esa yxHkx 47 yk[k 50 gtkj ?kjsyw Jfedksa dks ykHk gksxkA ;kstuk ds rgr ns'k esa dgha Hkh iSuy esa 'kkfey fdlh Hkh vLirky esa LekVZ dkMZ vk/kkfjr 30000 #i, rd ds dS'kysl LokLF; chek dh lqfo/kk miyC/k djkbZ tkrh gSA vlaxfBr {ks=ksa ds etnwjksa ds fy, jk"Vªh; lkekftd lqj{kk fuf/k ls /ku vkoafVr fd;k tk,xkA jk"Vªh; LokLF; chek ;kstuk iath—r vkSj 18 ls 59 o"kZ dh vk;q ds ?kjsyw ukSdjksa ds fy, ekU; gSA dsæ vkSj jkT; ljdkjsa a bl ;kstuk ds çhfe;e dks 75%25 ds vuqikr esa ogu djsxhA a iwoksZÙkj jkT;ksa ,oa tEew&d'ehj ds ekeys esa ;g vuqikr 90%10 gSA ;g fçfe;e 30 gtkj rd gj rjg dh chekjh dks doj djsxkA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 113 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  20. 20. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books igys ls py jgh chekjh dks Hkh bl ;kstuk esa 'kkfey fd;k x;k gSaA ykHkkfFkZ;ksa dks bl ;kstuk ds fy, igpku çek.k&i= fu;ksäk] vkokl dY;k.k ,lksfl,'ku] iath—r etnwj la?k ;k iqfyl] bu pkj esa ls fdUgha nks ls ysuk gksrk gSA bl o"kZ nl çfr'kr ?kjsyw ukSdj bl ;kstuk ds nk;js esa yk, tk,axsA;g lqfo/kk okf"kZd vk/kkj ij nh tkuh gSA bl o"kZ igyh ckj 10 çfr'kr dks ;g lqfo/kk feysxhA bl ;kstuk ds rgr dsæ ljdkj a fuEufyf[kr vuqekfur jkf'k ogu djsxh% o"kZ vuqekfur O;; ¼#i, djksM+ esa½ 2011&12 29 -70 2012&13 74 -25 2013&14 148-50 2014&15 297-00 jk"Vªh; LokLF; chek ;kstuk LekVZ dkMZ vk/kkfjr dS'kysl LokLF; chek lqj{kk gSA ;g ns'k esa 25 jkT;ksa/dsæ 'kkflr çns'kksa a esa ykxw dh xbZA xjhch js[kk ls uhps thou&;kiu dj jgs vlaxfBr {ks= ds dkexkjksa dks çfro"kZ 30000 #i, dh lqj{kk miyC/k djkbZ tk,xhA 31 ebZ 2011 rd 2 djksM+ 34 yk[k ls vf/kd LekVZ dkMZ tkjh fd, tk pqds gSaA bl ;kstuk esa Hkou ,oa vU; fuekZ.k dkexkj ¼jkstxkj ,oa lsok 'krksaZ dk fofu;eu½ vf/kfu;e] 1996 ds rgr xfBr dY;k~.k cksMksaZ ds lkFk iath—r Hkou ,oa vU; fuekZ.k Jfed] Qsjh okys] chM+h etnwj ,oa fiNys o"kZ ds nkSjku 15 fnu ls vf/kd dke dj pqds egkRek xka/kh ujsxk ds etnwj 'kkfey gSaA 'kgjh {ks=ksa esa ?kjsyw dk;Z] efgyk jkstxkj ds lcls cM+s {ks=ksa esa ls ,d gSA ?kjsyw Jfed vlaxfBr gSa vkSj ;g {ks= vfu;af=r ,oa Je dkuwuksa ls lajf{kr ugha gSA ;s Jfed lekt ds detksj leqnk;ksa ,oa fiNM+s {ks=ksa ls vkrs gSaA buesa ls T;knkrj xjhc] detksj] laosnu'khy leqnk;] fuj{kj] vdq'ky gksrs gSa vkSj 'kgjh Je cktkj dks ugha le> ikrsA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr&2011 dk elkSnk tkjh dsæh; nwjlapkj ea=ky; us a 10 vDVwcj 2011 dks ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr dk elkSnk tkjh fd;kA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr ds elkSns esa ,d ns'k&,d ykblsal o o"kZ 2020 rd iqjs Hkkjr esa 'kr çfr'kr Qksu ?kuRo dk y{; j[kk x;kA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr ds elkSns esa VsfydkWe miHkksäk dks ns'kHkj esa fcuk jksfeax 'kqYd fn, ckr djus dk Hkh çko/kku gSA lkFk gh VsfydkWe miHkksäk dks vius lfdZy ls ckgj fcuk uacj cnys VsfydkWe vkijsVj Hkh cnyus dk çko/kku j[kk x;k gSA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr ds elkSns esa o"kZ 2017 rd xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa nwjlapkj ?kuRo dks o"kZ 2011 ds 35 çfr'kr ls c<+kdj 65 çfr'kr vkSj o"kZ 2020 rd 'kr çfr'kr djus dh ;kstuk gSA o"kZ 2020 rd 60 djksM+ czkMcSaM dusD'ku nsus dk y{; Hkh j[kk x;k gSA elkSns esa o"kZ 2014 rd ns'k dh lHkh xzke iapk;rksa dks vkfIVdy Qkbcj ds ek/;e ls mPp xfr okys czkMcSaM ls tksM+us dk Hkh y{; gSA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr ds elkSns esa LisDVªe ls tqM+s elyksa ds fy, vyx LisDVªe vf/kfu;e cukus vkSj Vsyhdke {ks= dks <kapkxr m|ksx dh Js.kh esa ykus dh flQkfj'k Hkh dh xbZ gSA lkFk gh elkSns esa ,d gh usVodZ ij ok;l MkVk]eYVhehfM;k rFkk çlkj.k lsok,a miyC/k djkus dk Hkh çLrko gSA dsaæh; nwjlapkj ea=ky; ds vuqlkj ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr esa eq[; mís'; jktLo vftZr djuk ugha gS cfYd blesa o"kZ 2020 rd ns'k ds xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa 'kr&çfr'kr nwjlapkj ?kuRo gkfly djus vkSj ns'k Hkj esa ekax ij czkMcSaM miyC/k djkus dk y{; j[kk x;k gSA lkFk gh blesa eksckby Qksu]mUur lsokvksa okys fle dkMZ ds fuekZ.k lfgr lHkh çdkj ds ?kjsyw nwjlapkj midj.kksa ds fuekZ.k dks ns'k esa çkFkfedrk fn, tkus ds lkFk gh o"kZ 2020 rd ?kjsyw nwjlapkj {ks= dh 80 çfr'kr ekax ?kjsyw mRiknksa ls iwjk djus dk çLrko fd;k x;k gSA ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr ds elkSns esa VsfydkWe LisDVªe vkcaVu dks ykblsal ls vyx fd, tkus vkSj bls cktkj }kjk fu/kkZfjr ewY;ksa ij miyC/k djk;s tkus dh flQkfj'k dh xbZA lkFk gh nwjlapkj ifj;kstukvksa ds fy, /ku miyC/k djkus vkSj fuos'k dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, elkSns esa nwjlapkj Qkbusl fuxe cukus dk çLrko Hkh a fd;k x;kA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 114 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  21. 21. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books ubZ nwjlapkj uhfr&2011% ew[; ckewn v eksckby jksfeax 'kqYd lekIr djus dk çLrko v ns'k Hkj esa lfdZy ds ckgj Hkh eksckby uacj iksVsZfcfyVh lqfo/kk v iwjs ns'k ds fy, ,d nwjlapkj ykblsal v LisDVªe ls tqM+s elyksa ds fy, vyx LisDVªe vf/kfu;e dh flQkfj'k v VsyhdkWe {ks= dks baÝkLVªDpj m|ksx dh Js.kh esa yk, tkus dk çLrko v Hkfo"; esa LisDVªe vkoaVu flQZ cktkj nj ij v LisDVªe vkoaVu dks ykblsal ls vyx djus dk çLrko Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk 19 okf.kfT;d cSadksa ij n.M yxk;k Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us cSaddkjh fofu;eu vf/kfu;e 1949 ¼lgdkjh lfefr;ksa ij ;Fkkykxw½ dh /kkjk 46¼4½ ds lkFk ifBr /kkjk 47 ,¼1½¼ch½ ds çko/kkuksa ds varxZr çnÙkh vf/kdkjksa dk çR;k;kstu djrs gq, fuEukfyf[kr 19 okf.kfT;d cSadksa ij n.M yxk;kA O;q~RiUuh ds laca/k esa tSls fd mRiknksa dh mi;qärk ds laca/k esa mfpr lko/kkuh ugha cjruk] tksf[ke çca/k uhfr ugha j[kus okys mi;ksxdrkZvksa dks O;qfRiUuh mRikn cspuk rFkk fiNys dk;Zfu"iknu ekxZ ds varxZr vUrfuZfgr vkSj ik= lhekvksa dh varfuZfgr/i;kZIrrk dk lR;kiu ugha djus ds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk tkjh fofHkUu vuqns'kksa ds mYyad?ku ds dkj.k bu cSadksa ij n.M yxk;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us bu cSad dks dkj.k crkvks uksfVl tkjh fd;k Fkk] ftlds tokc esa cSad us fyf[kr mÙkj çsf"kr fd;kA ekeys ds rF;ksa rFkk bl laca/k esa cSad ls çkIrS mÙkj ij fopkj djus rFkk bl ekeys esa O;fäxr lquokbZ ds nkSjku ekSf[kd çLrqrhdj.k ds ckn fjtoZ cSad us ik;k fd mä mYya?ku lkfcr gks x, gSa vkSj n.M yxk;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us ,fDll cSad] ckdZyst] ,pMh,Qlh cSad] vkbZlhvkbZlhvkbZ cSad] dksVd efgUæk vkSj ;l cSad ij 15&15 yk[k #i,] flVhcSad] ch,uih ifjck] ,lchvkbZ] ØsfMV ,fxzdksyAlhvkbZch] MsoyiesaV ØsfMV cSad] vkbZ,uth oS'; cSad] vkjch,l vkSj LVSaMZM pkVZMZ cSad ij 10&10 yk[k #i, rFkk cSad vkQ vesfjdk] Mhch,l cSad] Mîw'k cSad] ,p,lchlh vkSj tsih ekxZu pst cSad ij 5&5 yk[k #i, tqekZuk yxk;kA foÙkea=ky; us ,yvkbZlh dks dj eqä ckaM tkjh djus dh eatwjh çnku dh foÙkea=ky; us vkbZ,QlhvkbZ] ,yvkbZlh] vkbZvkbZ,Qlh,y vkSj dqN ,uch,Qlh dks foÙko"kZ 2011&12 ds nkSjku dj cpkus okys ckaM tkjh djus dh vuqefr 19 flracj 2011dks çnku dhA bldk mís'; <kapkxr {ks= ds fy, nh?kZdkyhu fuos'k vkdf"kZr djuk gSA foÙko"kZ 2011&12 ds nkSjku bu daifu;ksa ds vykok fjtoZ cSad }kjk <kapkxr foÙk daiuh ds rkSj ij oxhZ—r xSj cSafdax foÙkh; daifu;ka Hkh dj cpr okys ckaM tkjh dj /ku tqVk ldsxhA a fofnr gks fd foÙko"kZ 2010&11 esa ljdkj us <kapkxr {ks= ds fodkl ds fy, cpr jkf'k yxkus ds mís'; ls nh?kZdkyhu dj cpr ckaM dh vo/kkj.kk is'k dh FkhA blds rgr] nh?kZdkyhu <kapkxr ckaMksa esa 20000 #i, rd ds fuos'k ij dj esa NwV nh xbZA dsaæ ljdkj us cká okf.kfT;d m/kkjh ds fy, phu dh eqæk ;qvku dks Lohdk;Z djsalh ekuk foÙk ea=ky; ds vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh mPp Lrjh; cSBd esa 15 flracj 2011 dks cká okf.kfT;d m/kkjh ds rgr phu dh eqæk ;qvku dks Lohdk;Z djslh ekukA dsæ ljdkj ds bl fu.kZ; ds a a vuqlkj daifu;ksa dks cká okf.kfT;d m/kkjh ds rgr ,d vjc vesfjdh MkWyj ds cjkcj dh jkf'k phu dh eqæk ;qvku ds :i esa ysus dh vuqefr nhA dsæ ljdkj ds cká okf.kfT;d m/kkjh ds u, a fu;e ls Hkkjrh; daifu;ksa dks phu ds lkFk dkjksckj c<+kus esa enn fey ldrh gSA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk ;g igyh ckj gS tc phu dh eqæk ;qvku dks cká okf.kfT;d m/kkjh gsrq Lohdk;Z djsalh ekuk x;kA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 115 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  22. 22. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books flDdk fuekZ.k fo/ks;d&2009 jkT;lHkk esa ikfjr] flDdksa dksbZ mYys[k ugha gksrk gS] tcfd ubZ O;oLFkk esa bldk mYys[k vfuok;Z gks tkuk gSA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ ds vuqlkj u, ls udn Hkqxrku dh vf/kdre lhek 1000 #i;s flDdk fuekZ.k fo/ks;d&2009 jkT;lHkk esa 11 vxLr 2011 dks ikfjr fd;k x;kA bl fo/ks;d ds vuqlkj ,d ckj esa flDdksa ds tfj, fd, tkus okys udn Hkqxrku ds fy, ,d gtkj #i;s dh vf/kdre lhek r; dh xbZA flDdk fuekZ.k fo/ks;d&2009 ds jkT;lHkk esa ikfjr gksus ls 1000 #i;s ds flDds ds fuekZ.k dk jkLrk lkQ gks x;kA gkykafd foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us 1000 #i;s ds flDds ds fuekZ.k ds fy, dksbZ le;&lhek ugha r; dhA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us foÙk ea=ky; ls foÙkh; ysu&nsu esa lqfo/kk ds eísutj ,d ckj esa flDdksa ds tfj, fd, tkus okys udn Hkqxrku ds fy, ,d gtkj #i;s dh vf/kdre lhek r; djus dh flQkfj'k dh FkhA flDdk ls lacaf/kr orZeku dkuwu ds vuqlkj vxj dksbZ O;fä fdruh Hkh cM+h jde dk Hkqxrku flDdksa esa djuk pkgs rks dksbZ mls ysus ls badkj ugha dj ldrk gSA jkT;lHkk esa ikfjr flDdk fuekZ.k fo/ks;d&2009 esa ;g çko/kku Hkh fd;k x;k gS fd vxj fdlh us flDdksa dks xSj dkuwuh :i ls xyk;k rks mls lkr lky rd dh dSn dh ltk nh tk ldrh gSA yksdlHkk bls ekpZ 2011 esa gh ikfjr dj pqdh gS dsaæ ljdkj }kjk jkT;ksa dks ,Øqvy vk/kkfjr foÙkh; fjiksfVaZx gsrq fn'kk&funsZ'k tkjh jkT;ksa ds fglkc&fdrkc ds ekStwnk rjhds esa cnyko ds fy, 21 twu 2011 dks cqykbZ xbZ jkT;ksa ds foÙk eaf=;ksa dh cSBd esa foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ }kjk ,Øqvy vk/kkfjr foÙkh; fjiksfVaZx gsrq fn'kk&funsZ'k tkjh fd;k x;kA KkrO; gks fd orZeku esa jkT;ksa dk [kkrk&cgh j[kus dk rjhdk udnh vk/kkfjr gksrk gSA ;kuh ftl en esa iSlk feyrk gS vkSj tgka [kpZ gksrk gS mldk mYys[k gksrk gSA ,Øqvy vk/kkfjr foÙkh; fjiksfVaZx esa jkT;ksa dks Hkfo"; dh nsunkfj;ksa vkSj mu ij iM+us okys cks> dk Hkh foLrkj ls mYys[k djuk 'kkfey gSA mngkj.k ds rkSj ij orZeku O;oLFkk esa jkT;ksa ds foÙkh; [kkrksa esa vkxkeh o"kksZ esa isa'ku en esa gksus okys [kpZ dk rjhds dks viukuk vklku ugha gS] ijarq blds ykxw gksus ls dbZ foÙkh; o vkfFkZd Qk;ns gks ldrs gSaA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ us jkT;ksa ds foÙk eaf=;ksa dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, ;g crk;k fd ubZ ,Øqvy vk/kkfjr vdkmafVax O;oLFkk blfy, Hkh t:jh gks xbZ gS D;ksafd vc fons'kh ljdkjsa o varjjk"Vªh; ,tsafl;ka foÙkh; enn nsus ds fy, bldh 'krZ j[kus yxh gSaA Hkkjr ds fu;a=d o egkys[kk ijh{kd fouksn jk; ds vuqlkj lHkh jkT;ksa esa ,Øqvy vk/kkfjr vdkmafVax O;oLFkk ykxw djus esa ikap ls Ng o"kZ dk le; yx ldrk gSA ubZ O;oLFkk ds fn'kkfunsZ'k dks Hkkjr ds fu;a=d o egkys[kk ijh{kd us gh rS;kj fd;k gSA ubZ O;oLFkk dks viukus ds fy, 21 jkT;ksa us viuh eatwjh nh gSA Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad }kjk ,lchvkbZ yqHkkouh vkokl _.k ;kstuk vkSj ,lchvkbZ ljy vkokl _.k ;kstuk okil Hkkjr ds lcls cM+s cSad Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad us viuh ,lchvkbZ yqHkkouh vkokl _.k ;kstuk vkSj ,lchvkbZ ljy vkokl _.k ;kstuk dks okil ysus dk fu.kZ; 20 vçSy 2011 dks fy;kA bldk dkj.k Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk bl ;kstuk dh vykspuk fd;k tkuk FkkA ;g fu.kZ; 1 ebZ 2011 ls çHkkoh gksuk gSA ,lchvkbZ bZth gkse yksu vkSj ,lchvkbZ ,MokaVst gkse yksu ;kstuk dk LFkku ,lchvkbZ dh ¶yksfVax C;kt njksa dh ;kstuk us fy;kA fofnr gks fd Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad us ,lchvkbZ bZth gkse yksu vkSj ,lchvkbZ ,MokaVst gkse yksu ;kstuk vFkkZr yqHkkouh C;kt njksa okyh vkokl _.k ;kstuk dk çkjEHk vxLr 2009 esa dh FkhA bl ;kstuk ds rgr ,lchvkbZ igys rhu o"kZ ds 8A5 çfr'kr ds C;kt ij vkokl _.k dh is'kd'k dh pkS/kjh ds ,lchvkbZ ds v/;{k in Hkkj xzg.k djus ds ds vanj gh ,lchvkbZ us bl ;kstuk dks okil ysus fy;kA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: fy, 8 ls FkhA çrhi ,d eghus dk fu.kZ; 116 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  23. 23. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books Hkkjr ds lcls cM+s cSad Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad }kjk ¶yksfVax C;kt njksa dh ;kstuk uke ls ,d ubZ ;kstuk ykap ns'k ds lcls cM+s cSad Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad us ¶yksfVax C;kt njksa dh ;kstuk uked ,d ubZ ;kstuk ykap dhA bl ;kstuk dks vxLr 2009 ls çkjEHk ,lchvkbZ bZth gkse yksu vkSj ,lchvkbZ ,MokaVst gkse yksu ;kstuk ds LFkku ij 20 vçSy 2011 dks ykap fd;k x;kA ¶yksfVax C;kt njksa dh ;kstuk ds varxZr 30 yk[k #i, ds Åij rd ds _.k ij C;kt nj 9-50 çfr'kr] 31 yk[k #i, ls 75 yk[k #i, rd ds _.k ij C;kt nj 9.75 çfr'kr vkSj 75 yk[k ds Åij dh jkf'k ij C;kt nj 10.25 çfr'kr ns; gSA blh ;kstuk ds lkFk ,lchvkbZ us ,lchvkbZ ,MokaVst dkj yksu ;kstuk dh Hkh 'kq#vkr dhA blds rgr cSad vf/kdre 7 o"kksaZ ds fy, 10.75 çfr'kr C;kt nj ij _.k nsxhA nwjlapkj fu;ked VªkbZ }kjk 100 ,l,e,l dh lhek c<+kdj 200 ,l,e,l çfr fnu çfr fle Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj fofu;ked çkf/kdj.k us eksckby miHkksäk dks 200 ,l,e,l çfr fnu çfr fle djus dh lhek r; dhA 1 uoacj 2011 dks nwjlapkj fu;ked VªkbZ us blls lacaf/kr ldqyj tkjh fd;k vkSj ,l,e,l dh ubZ lhek ykxw gks xbZA Z Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj fofu;ked çkf/kdj.k us VsyhekdsZfVax daifu;ksa }kjk Hksts tkus okys ,l,e,l dks jksdus ds fy, xSj&okf.kfT;d ,l,e,l dh lhek 27 flracj 2011 dks r; dh Fkh] ftlds rgr 100 ,l,e,l çfr fnu çfr fle fu/kkZfjr lhek FkhA VªkbZ us dqN eksckby lsok çnkrk daifu;ksa vkSj miHkksäkvksa }kjk 100 ,l,e,l çfr fnu çfr fle dh lhek c<+kus dh vihy ds ckn bls c<+kdj 200 ,l,e,l çfr fnu çfr fle djus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA fuos'kdksa ds fy, Hkkjr dh fLFkfr csgrj] oSf'od jsfVax ,tsalh fQp }kjk nh?kZdkfyd chchch jsfVax vkfFkZd lqLrh laca/kh vk'kadkvksa dks njfdukj djrs gq, oSf'od jsfVax ,tsalh fQp us fuos'kdksa ds fygkt ls Hkkjr dks csgrj ns'k crk;kA fQp us o"kZ 2011&12 esa Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd o`f) 7.7 Qhlnh dh nj ls c<+us dk vuqeku trk;kA lkFk gh ns'k dks fLFkj ifj–'; ds lkFk nh?kZdkfyd chchch jsfVax 21 twu 2011 dks nhA KkrO; gks fd chchch jsfVax nwljs ns'kksa ds eqdkcys fuos'kdksa ds fy, gYds [krjs dks bafxr djrh gSA gkykafd oSf'od jsfVax ,tsalh fQp us lko/kku djrs gq, crk;k fd ifjLFkfr;ksa esa ifjorZu ;k vkfFkZd ifj–'; esa cnyko ls le; lhek ds Hkhrj ljdkj dh dtZ pqdkus dh {kerk çHkkfor gks ldrh gSA ebZ 2011 ds var rd Hkkjr dk fons'kh eqæk HkaMkj 313.5 vjc MkWyj FkkA blds vykok oSf'od jsfVax ,tsalh fQp us o"kZ 2010&11 esa pkyw [kkrk ?kkVk ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ¼thMhih½ dk 2.6 çfr'kr jgus dk vuqeku Hkh yxk;k] ftlls vkfFkZd fodkl ds ekStwnk pj.k esa dksbZ egRoiw.kZ [krjk ugha crk;k x;kA ,tsalh us pkyw foÙk o"kZ esa dsæ ljdkj dk jktdks"kh; ?kkVk thMhih dk 4.6 a çfr'kr jgus dk vuqeku trk;k gSA xqe ,Vh,e dkMZ dks ,l,e,l ls can djokus dh flQkfj'k Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad }kjk cSadksa esa xzkgd lsok,a lq/kkjus ds fy, lsch ds iwoZ ps;jeSu ,e nkeksnju dh v/;{krk esa cukbZ xbZ lfefr us xqe ,Vh,e dkMZ dks ,l,e,l ls can djokus dh flQkfj'k dh gSA blds lkFk gh lfefr us ysunsu esa uqdlku] cSad tekvksa dk chek c<+kus tSlh xzkgd lsokvksa ds fy, Hkh lq>ko 3 tqykbZ 2011 dks fn,A KkrO; gks fd xzkgdksa dks ,Vh,e dkMZ xqe gksus ij cSad esa Qksu djuk gksrk gSA blds ckn Hkh dkMZ can gksus esa dbZ ?kaVs yx tkrs gSaA blfy, lfefr us lq>ko fn;k gS xqe gq, ;k pksjh x, dkMZ dks flQZ ,d ,l,e,l ds tfj;s rqjar can ¼CykWd½ djus dh lqfo/kk nh tk,A lkFk gh lHkh cSadksa ds fy, ,d gh fu'kqYd ¼VksyÝh½ Qksu uacj 'kq: djus dk çLrko fd;k x;k gSA blh ds lkFk lfefr us Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dks cSad tekvksa ij ches dh jkf'k dks ,d yk[k ls c<+kdj ikap yk[k #i;s djus dk çLrko fd;k gSA fjiksVZ esa ;g Hkh çLrkfor fd;k x;k gS fd cSad Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 117 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  24. 24. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books dh rjQ ls dksbZ pwd gksus dh fLFkfr esa çR;sd [kkrk/kkjd dks ekStwnk fu;eksa ds rgr miyC/k ,d yk[k #i;s dh xkjaVh dks c<+kdj ikap yk[k #i;s fd;k tkuk pkfg,A nkeksnju lfefr ds vuqlkj yksxksa dh vk; esa c<+ksrjh ds ckn cSadksa esa O;fäxr tekvksa dk vkdkj c<+k gSA ,sls esa ,d yk[k #i;s dh orZeku chek lhek mi;qä ugha gSA chek doj c<+kus ls vke yksx viuh T;knk ls T;knk jkf'k cSadksa esa j[kus dks çksRlkfgr gksaxsA lsch ds iwoZ ps;jeSu ,e nkeksnju dh v/;{krk esa bl lfefr dk xBu o"kZ 2010 esa fd;k x;k Fkk vkaxuokM+h dk;ZdrkZvksa vkSj lgk;dksa ds ekuns; esa o`f) vkfFkZd ekeyksa dh eaf=eaMy lfefr ¼lhlhbZ,½ us lesfdr cky fodkl ;kstuk ¼vkbZlhMh,l½ ds varxZr vkaxuokM+h dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, ekuns; 1500 :i, çfrekg ls c<+kdj 3000 :i, vkSj vkaxuokM+h lgk;dksa vkSj feuh&,MCywlh dk ekuns; 750 :i, ls c<+kdj 1500 :i, djus dks eatwjh çnku dhA lhlhbZ, us efgyk vkSj cky fodkl ea=ky; }kjk ifjpkyu laca/kh :ikUrj.k djus dh Hkh eatwjh nhA jk"Vªh; y?kq cpr fuf/k dh O;kid leh{kk fjiksVZ jk"Vªh; y?kq cpr fuf/k ¼,u,l,l,Q½ dh O;kid leh{kk ds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dh fMIVh xouZj ';keyk xksihukFk ds usr`Ro esa xfBr lfefr us viuh fjiksVZ dsæh; foÙkea=h ç.ko a eq[kthZ dks 8 twu 2011 dks lkSai nhA lfefr us viuh fjiksVZ esa fuEufyf[kr flQkfj'ksa dhA v lfefr us lHkh y?kq cpr ;kstukvksa] mu ij ns; C;kt] mudh ifjiDork vof/k ,oa vU; igyqvksa dh tkap dhA v fdlku fodkl i= dks jksdus ,oa vU; ;kstukvksa esa ls dqN esa mfpr la'kks/ku djds mUgsa tkjh j[kukA v ekfld vk; ;kstuk ,oa jk"Vªh; cpr çek.k&i= dh ifjiDork vof/k 6 o"kZ ls ?kVkdj 5 o"kZ djukA o"kZ dh ,u,llh ;kstuk 'kq: djus vkSj Mkd?kj cpr [kkrs ij C;kt njsa 3A5 çfr'kr ls c<+dj 4 çfr'kr djukA v 10 v dsUæ ljdkj dh çfrHkwfr;ksa esa y?kq cpr olwyh ds vko';d ?kVd 80 çfr'kr dks ?kVkdj 50 çfr'kr djus vkSj vko';drkuqlkj vU; jkT;ksa dks fn, x, _.k dh orZeku vof/k 25 o"kZ dks ?kVkdj 10 o"kZ djukA lhlhbZ, }kjk ;g eatwjh 30 twu 2011 dks nh xbZA blds fy, çfro"kZ vfrfjä 3479.83 djksM :i, dh t:jr gSA ljdkj dh nsunkjh djhc 3131.85 djksM+ :i, gksxhA c<+k gqvk ekuns; 1 vçSy 2011 ls ykxw gqvkA bl fu.kZ; ls 11.71 yk[k vkaxuokM+h dk;ZdrkZ ykHkkfUor gq,A vkaxuokM+h dk;ZdrkZ vkbZlhMh,l ;kstuk ds varxZr cPpksa dh ns[kHkky vkSj fodkl esa çeq[k Hkwfedk fuHkk jgs gSaA fofnr gks fd bl lfefr dk xBu ;kstukvksa esa ikjnf'kZrk cktkj ls tqM+h njsa ,oa cgqr vko';d lq/kkjksa dks ykus ds mís'; ls ,u,l,l,Q dh :ijs[kk ,oa ç'kklu ds lHkh igyqvksa dh tkap ds laca/k esa 13osa foÙk vk;ksx dh flQkfj'kksa dks fl)kar :i esa Lohdkj djus ds ckn fd;k x;k FkkA vkaxuokM+h lgk;d cPpksa vkSj ekrkvksa dks iks"k.k laca/kh lgk;rk ds vykok ih,plh LVkQ dks Vhdkdj.k] LokLF; tkap] tUe ls igys vkSj tUe ds ckn tkap vkSj vukSipkfjd Ldwy iwoZ xfrfof/k;ksa esa lg;ksx djrs gSA cPpksa dh ns[kHkky vkSj fodkl ds fy, vkbZlhMh,l ,d jk"VªO;kih dk;ZØe gSA blls Ng o"kZ ls de mez ds cPps] xHkZorh vkSj Lruiku djkus okyh ekrk,a ykHkkfUor gksrh gSaA lfefr dk dk;Z ,u,l,l,Q ls dsUæ ,oa jkT;ksa dks fn, x, _.kksa dh orZeku 'krksaZ ds ewY;kadu] y?kq cpr dh dqy olwyh dks dsUæ ,oa jkT;ksa dks m/kkj nsus dh O;oLFkk esa visf{kr ifjorZuksa dh flQkfj'k djuk] y?kq cpr ls çkIr dqy jkf'k ds fuos'k ds vU; laHkkfor voljksa dh leh{kk] jkT;ksa ,oa dsUæ dks fn, ,u,l,l,Q _.kksa ds iquHkqZxrku dh çfØ;kvksa vkSj jkT;ksa }kjk y?kq cprksa ds fuos'kksa ij fn, x, çksRlkguksa dh leh{kk djuh FkhA Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 118 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  25. 25. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books ch,l,u,y] ,eVh,u,y o vkbVhvkb ds foy; dh flQkfj'k lkoZtfud {ks= dh rhu nwjlapkj daifu;ksa Hkkjr lapkj fuxe fyfeVsM ¼BSNL½] egkuxj VsyhQksu fuxe fyfeVsM ¼MTNL½ vkSj vkbVhvkb fyfeVsM ds foy; dh flQkfj'k lkoZtfud miØe iquxZBu cksMZ ¼BRPSE: chvkjih,lbZ: Board for Reconstruction of Public Sector Enterprises½ }kjk dh xbZA dsæ ljdkj }kjk chvkjih,lbZ dks foÙkh; ladV ls tw> jgh a ljdkjh daifu;ksa dks ijke'kZ nsus ds fy, xfBr fd;k x;k gSA lkoZtfud miØe iquxZBu cksMZ us viuh flQkfj'k esa crk;k fd vkbVhvkb fyfeVsM dk ch,l,u,y esa foy; fd;k tk, ;k fQj og bldk vf/kxzg.k dj ysA blls vkbVhvkb fyfeVsM dks foÙkh; ladV ls mckjk tk ldrk gSA lkFk gh chvkjih,lbZ us viuh flQkfj'k esa ;g Hkh crk;k fd ,eVh,u,y ds fy, ch,l,u,y ls ,d vyx bdkbZ ds rkSj ij dke djuk foÙkh; :i ls ykHknk;d ugha gSA D;ksafd ch,l,u,y ns'k ds 22 nwjlapkj lfdZyksa esa ls 20 lfdZyksa esa nwjlapkj vkSj egkuxj VsyhQksu fuxe fyfeVsM ¼MTNL½ flQZ fnYyh o eqcbZ esa nwjlapkj lsok a çnku djus okyh lkoZtfud nwjlapkj daiuh gSA tcfd vkbVhvkb fyfeVsM nwjlapkj midj.k fuekZrk daiuh gSA KkrO; gks fd rhuksa daifu;ka ?kkVs esa gSaA foÙk o"kZ 2009&10 ds nkSjku ,eVh,u,y dks 3781 djksM+ #i;s dh vk; ij 2611 djksM+ #i;s dk 'kq) uqdlku gqvk FkkA tcfd blh nkSjku vkbVhvkb dks 4596 djksM+ ds jktLo ij 459 djksM+ #i;s dk 'kq) ?kkVk gqvk FkkA ch,l,u,y dks foÙk o"kZ 2009&10 ds nkSjku 31738 djksM+ #i;s dh vkenuh ij 2725 djksM+ #i;s dk 'kq) uqdlku gqvk FkkA flracj 2011 dks fy;k x;kA KkrO; gks fd ou o i;kZoj.k ea=ky; dh xks vkSj uks&xks fu;e ij lq>ko nsus ds fy, chds prqosZnh lfefr xfBr dh xbZ FkhA 20 foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ dh v/;{krk esa gqbZ eaf=lewg dh cSBd esa dks;yk ea=h Jhçdk'k tk;loky] x`g ea=h ih fpancje] ou o laj{k.k vf/kfu;e] 1980 ds rgr vuqefr çnku djuk gSA xks ¼[kuu ;ksX;½ vkSj uks&xks ¼tgka [kuu dh eukgh gS½ dh ifjHkk"kk ykus ls igys Hkh blh rjhds ls dks;yk [kuu dh eatwjh nh tkrh FkhA Hkkjr esa dqy 602 dks;yk CykWd gSaA xks vkSj uks&xks fu;e lekIr gksus ls ns'k ds 203 dks;yk CykWdksa esa [kuu dk jkLrk [kqy x;kA ;s CykWd ou o i;kZoj.k ea=ky; dh uks&xks ifjHkk"kk esa vkrs Fks] ftldh otg ls buesa [kuu dks çfrcaf/kr dj fn;k x;k FkkA buesa ls 193 CykWd lhesV] bLikr] fcty] Likat vk;ju a lfgr vU; {ks= dh ifj;kstukvksa ls lacaf/kr gSaA iwoZ ou o i;kZoj.k ea=h t;jke jes'k ds dk;Zdky esa ea=ky; us o"kZ 2010 esa ,d vf/klwpuk tkjh dj lHkh dks;yk Cykdksa dks xks vkSj uks&xks dh Js.kh esa ckaV fn;k FkkA xqM+xkao fLFkr Vsjh ifjlj esa Hkkjr ds çFke v{k; ÅtkZ vk/kkfjr LekVZ feuh fxzM flLVe 'kq: dsaæ ljdkj }kjk xks vkSj uks&xks fu;e lekIr djus dk fu.kZ; gfj;k.kk ds xqM+xkao Xoky igkM+h fLFkr Vsjh ¼fn ,uthZ ,aM fjlksflZt baLVhV;wV½ ifjlj esa 1 tqykbZ 2011 dks Hkkjr ds igys v{k; ÅtkZ vk/kkfjr LekVZ feuh fxzM flLVe dk 'kqHkkjaHk fd;k x;kA dsæh; uohu ,oa v{k; ÅtkZ ea=h Qk:[k vCnqYyk ,oa a dsæh; ÅtkZ ea=h lq'khy dqekj f'kans us la;qä :i ls bldk a mn~?kkVu fd;kA v{k; ÅtkZ vk/kkfjr LekVZ feuh fxzM flLVe dks fodflr djus ds fy, Vsjh ds egkfuns'kd Mk vkjds ipkSjh dks dsæh; ea=h us c/kkbZ nhA a dsæ ljdkj us ou o i;kZoj.k ea=ky; }kjk vkS|ksfxd a ifj;kstukvksa dks ou o i;kZoj.k laca/kh eatwjh nsus gsrq cukbZ xbZ xks vkSj uks&xks fu;e dks lekIr djus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ dh v/;{krk esa gqbZ eaf=lewg dh cSBd esa ;g fu.kZ; KkrO; gks fd Hkkjr esa o"kZ 2022 rd 20]000 esxkokV lkSj ÅtkZ dk mRiknu djus dk y{; j[kk x;k gSA dsæh; ÅtkZ a ea=h f'kans ds vuqlkj ns'k esa ÅtkZ dh {kfr 25 çfr'kr ls Hkh vf/kd gSA dsæ ljdkj bls 15 çfr'kr ls de djus dh ;kstuk a Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 119 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  26. 26. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books cuk jgh gSA tcfd tkiku] nf{k.k dksfj;k vkSj vesfjdk tSls ns'kksa esa fctyh forj.k ds {ks= esa uqdlku ek= 3 ls 4 çfr'kr gSA rsy ,oa çk—frd xSl fuxe }kjk isVªksusV ,y,uth fyfeVsM esa ,Mhch dh fgLlsnkjh [kjhnus dh eatwjh lkoZtfud {ks= dh daiuh rsy ,oa çk—frd xSl fuxe vkjchvkbZ us Lor% eatwj ekxZ ls daifu;ksa gsrq ,Qlhlhch fyfeVsM ¼ONGC: Oil And Natural Gas Corporation] ds }kjk /ku tqVkus dh okf"kZd lhek c<+kbZ Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us Lor% eatwj ekxZ ls daifu;ksa ds fy, fons'kh eqæk ifjorZuh; ckaM ¼,Qlhlhch½ ds }kjk /ku tqVkus dh okf"kZd lhek c<+kdj 75 djksM+ vesfjdh MkWyj dj nhA blls igys ;g lhek 50 djksM+ vesfjdh MkWyj FkhA ;g tkudkjh 6 tuojh 2012 dks nh xbZA bl ekxZ ls /ku tqVkus ds fy, iwoZ eatwjh dh t:jr ugha gksrhA blls u dsoy daifu;ka T;knk fons'kh QaM tqVk ldsxh] cfYd blls fons'kh fofue; dk çokg Hkh c<+xkA a s dqN fo'ks"k lsok {ks=ksa ;Fkk gksVy] vLirky vkSj lk¶Vos;j {ks= dh daifu;ka 20 djksM+ MkWyj dk ,Qlhlhch tqVk ldrh gSaA blds fy, 'krZ ;g gksxh fd os bl jkf'k dk bLrseky Hkwfe vf/kxzg.k ds fy, ugha djsxhA flracj 2011 esa Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us fons'kh a okf.kfT;d m/kkjh ¼bZlhch½ ds fu;eksa esa NwV nh FkhA vks,uthlh½ ds funs'kd eaMy }kjk isVªksusV ,y,uth fyfeVsM esa ,f'k;kbZ fodkl cSad dh fgLlsnkjh [kjhnus dh eatwjh 4 uoacj 2011 dks çnku dh xbZA KkrO; gks fd ,f'k;kbZ fodkl cSad ¼ADB: Asian Development Bank] ,Mhch½ us 23 vxLr 2011 dks isVªksusV dh viuh iwjh 5A2 Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh cspus dh is'kd'k dh FkhA lkoZtfud {ks= dh daifu;ka xsy bafM;k fyfeVsM] bafM;u vkW;y dkWiksZjs'ku fyfeVsM vkSj Hkkjr isVªksfy;e dkiksZjs'ku fyfeVsM ds cksMZ }kjk fgLlsnkjh [kjhnus dh ?kks"k.kk iwoZ esa gh dh tk pqdh gSA isVªksusV ,y,uth fyfeVsM esa lkoZtfud {ks= dh daifu;ksa xsy bafM;k fyfeVsM] bafM;u vkW;y dkWiksZjs'ku fyfeVsM vkSj Hkkjr isVªksfy;e dkiksZjs'ku fyfeVsM dk 12A5&12A5 Qhlnh fgLlsnkjh gSA czãiq= unh ds rVh; dVko jksdus laca/kh dk;Z dks ;kstuk vk;ksx dh Loh—fr ikap gtkj ls vf/kd vkcknh okys {ks=ksa esa lHkh cSadksa dks flracj 2012 rd 'kk[kk,a [kksyus dk funsZ'k ;kstuk vk;ksx us vle esa 69 fdyksehVj ¼Åywcsjh½ ls 78 fdyksehVj ¼cksjhxkao½ rd czãiq= cka/k laj{k.k ds fy, rVh; dVko dks jksdus laca/kh ;kstuk dh Loh—fr çnku dhA bl ifj;kstuk dh vuqekfur ykxr 2011 ds ewY; Lrj ij 8A3509 djksM+ #i, gSAbl çLrkfor ;kstuk dk mís'; czãiq= unh ds nf{k.kh rV ds 9000 ehVj fgLls ij rVh; dVko jksdus ds fy, mik; djuk gSA cSafdax lqfo/kkvksa ls oafpr ikap gtkj ls vf/kd vkcknh okys {ks=ksa esa futh lfgr lHkh cSadksa dks dsæ ljdkj }kjk flracj a 2012 rd 'kk[kk,a [kksyus dk funsZ'k fn;k x;kA foÙk ea=ky; dk ;g fn'kk&funsZ'k 7 uoacj 2011 dks tkjh fd;k x;kA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us 18 jkT;ksa vkSj la?k 'kkflr çns'kksa esa ,sls 296 ftyksa dh igpku dh gS ftuesa cSafdax lqfo/kkvksa dh deh gSA bu 296 ftyksa esa cSafdax lqfo/kkvksa ls oafpr ikap gtkj ls vf/kd vkcknh okys {ks=ksa esa ubZ cSad 'kk[kk [kksyus esa deZpkjh dh la[;k de j[kus dh NwV nh xbZ gSA foÙk ea=ky; ds fn'kk&funsZ'k ds vuqlkj ,Vh,e lqfo/kk ds lkFk de ls de nks deZpkjh t:jh gSaA KkrO; gks fd foÙkh; lekos'kh ;kstuk ds rgr ekpZ 2012 rd ns'k ds 2000 ls vf/kd vkcknh okys xkaoksa dks cSafdax lsokvksa ls tksM+us dk y{; j[kk x;k gSA dsaæ ljdkj }kjk ,sls 73000 xkaoksa dh igpku dh xbZ gSA vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj Hkkjr ds Ng yk[k xkaoksa esa bl ifj;kstuk dks foÙko"kZ 2011&12 esa iwjk fd;k tkuk gSA tks 31 ekpZ 2012 dks lekIr gks jgh gSA bl ifj;kstuk dk dk;kZUo;u jkT; okf"kZd ;kstuk esa vuqeksfnr ifjO;; ds vk/kkj ij fd;k tk;sxkA jkT; ds foÙk foHkkx }kjk vuqeksfnr ykxr ls vf/kd dh jkf'k rc rd Loh—r ugha dh tk;sxh] tc rd bl laca/k esa la'kksf/kr ykxr dh eatwjh ugha nh tkrh gSA bl ;kstuk ls Ms<+ yk[k yksxksa ds ykHkkfUor gksus dh laHkkouk gS Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 120 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination
  27. 27. Click Here to Buy Current Affairs Books: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/current-affairs-books ls dsoy ikap Qhlnh xkaoksa esa gh cSad 'kk[kk,a gSaA twu 2011 rd cSadksa us ,d yk[k lkr gtkj xkaoksa dks cSafdax lsokvksa ls tksM+ fn;k Fkk] tcfd ekpZ 2010 rd budh la[;k 54258 FkhA buesa ls 22870 xkaoksa dks iDdh 'kk[kkvksa ds tfj, tksM+k x;kA tcfd 84274 xkaoksa ds fy, cSafdax lg;ksxh ds tfj, cSafdax lsok,a igqapkbZ xbZA 460 xkao ,sls Hkh gSa tgka pyrs fQjrs okguksa vkSj nwljs mik;ksa ds tfj, cSafdax lsok,a miyC/k djkbZ tkrh gSaA gLrf'kYi] gFkdj?kk] dkyhu vkSj y?kq ,oa e/;e ntsZ ds fu;kZrdksa gsrq C;kt lfClMh dh vof/k c<+h Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us 11 vDVwcj 2011 dks gLrf'kYi] gFkdj?kk] dkyhu vkSj y?kq ,oa e/;e ntsZ ds fu;kZrdksa dks #i;s esa feyus okys dtZ ij nks çfr'kr C;kt lfClMh dh vof/k ,d o"kZ ds fy, c<+k nhA Je vk/kkfjr m|ksx ls tqM+s bu pkj {ks= ds fu;kZrdksa gsrq ;g ;kstuk 31 ekpZ 2012 rd ds fy, c<+k fn;k x;kA KkrO; gks fd Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us fu;kZrdksa dks #i;s esa feyus okys cSad dtZ ij nks çfr'kr C;kt lfClMh dh lqfo/kk 1 vçSy 2010 ls ,d o"kZ ds fy, nh FkhA bldh vof/k 31 ekpZ 2011 dks [kRe gks xbZ FkhA Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad us oSf'od eanh ls fu;kZr ij iM+us okys vlj dks de djus ds fy, ,oa varjjk"Vªh; cktkj esa mudh çfrLi/kkZRed {kerk dks cuk, j[kus gsrq bl ;kstuk dks le;&foLrkj fn;kA Hkkjrh; fu;kZrdksa ds laxBu QsM js 'ku vkWQ ba fM;u ,DliksV Z vkxZu kbts 'kal ¼ FIEO: Federation of Indian EÛport Organisations] fQ;ks½ us Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad ds bl dne dk Lokxr fd;k ij muds vuqlkj ;g lqfo/kk lHkh Je vk/kkfjr m|ksxksa dks feyuh pkfg,A I;kt fu;kZr ij ykxw çfrca/k dks gVk, tkus dk fu.kZ; dsaæ ljdkj us I;kt fu;kZr ij yxk çfrca/k 20 flracj 2011 dks gVk fy;kA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ dh v/;{krk esa vf/ kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg }kjk ;g fu.kZ; fy;k x;kA vf/kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg us vius fu.kZ; esa fu;kZr gksus okyh I;kt dk U;wure ewY; 475 MkWyj çfr Vu fu/kkZfjr fd;kA blds lkFk gh vf/ kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg us phuh dh LVkWd lhek dks nks eghus ds fy, vkSj c<+kus dk QSlyk fd;k] ;kuh uoacj 2011 esa phuh dh LVkWd lhek vkSj fu;kZr dk QSlyk fy;k tkuk gSA vf/kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg us pkoy dh LVkWd lhek fofHkUu jkT;ksa ls fopkj&foe'kZ dj vDVwcj 2011 esa r; dh tkuh gS] tcfd frygu vkSj nygu dh LVkWd lhek o"kZ 2012 rd c<+k nh xbZA vf/kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg us [kqys cktkj esa tkjh fd, tkus okys vukt dk ewY; de djus dk QSlyk fd;kA ;g vukt igys dh rjg U;wure leFkZu ewY; ¼,e,lih½ ij gh fn;k tkuk gS] ysfdu mRiknd jkT; ls miHkksäk jkT; dh jkt/kkuh rd dk <qykbZ [kpZ dsaæ ljdkj dks ogu djus ij lgefr cuhA foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ dh v/;{krk esa vf/kdkjçkIr eaf=lewg us gh ukS flracj 2011 dks I;kt ds fu;kZr ij çfrca/k yxk;k FkkA KkrO; gks fd I;kt dh c<+rh dherksa vkSj blds fu;kZr ij dsæ ljdkj }kjk jksd ls egkjk"Vª esa I;kt mRiknd fdlkuksa dk a vkanksyu HkM+d x;k FkkA chek ikWfylh /kkjdksa dh f'kdk;rksa ds fuiVkjs gsrq vkWu ykbu iksVZy dh 'kq:vkr dsæ ljdkj us chek /kkjdksa dh f'kdk;rksa dks lqY>kus rFkk a muds fgrksa dh j{kk ds fy, lesfdr f'kdk;r çca/ku O;oLFkk uked vkWu ykbu iksVZy dh 'kq:vkr 6 twu 2011 dks dhA ,dh—r f'kdk;r çca/ku O;oLFkk ¼Integrated Grievance Management System, IGMS, vkbZth,e,l½ ds ek/;e ls chek /kkjdksa dks fuEufyf[kr ykHk gSaA v chek /kkjdksa dks 24 ?kaVs viuh ikWfylh ij utj j[kus dh lqfo/kkA v chek /kkjdksa dks lsok esa deh utj vkus ij lh/ks chek fu;ked vkSj fodkl çkf/kdj.k dks lwfpr djus dh lqfo/kkA v bl O;oLFkk ds ek/;e ls ;s Hkh irk py ik;sxk fd chek /kkjdksa dks dks fdl çdkj dh lsok pkfg,A Click Here to Buy Hard Copy of This Book: 121 http://upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/samsamayiki-for-civil-services-examination

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