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 Yoga  - a brief introduction.ppt Yoga - a brief introduction.ppt Presentation Transcript

  • YOGAa Brief Introduction by Gudrun Dreher
  • Yogathe Old-New Way to World Peace
  • According to Yoga Philosophy reality
is
unchanging
and
unmoving the
world
as
we
perceive
it
‐
with
its
perpetual flux
‐
is
therefore
an
illusion
(maya) originally,
there
was
only
one
SELF: undifferentiated
energy,
infinite,
unchanging, formless then:
process
of
differentiation
occurs: 
‐>split
between
subject
&
object
or 



individual
self
and
universal
SELF
  • The Aim of Yoga to
see
though
the
illusion
(maya)
and
perceive the
true
reality
‐

the
reality
that
is
unchanging and
unmoving
‐ to
re‐establish
the
original
union
between
the individual
and
the
universal
SELF => this
can
be
achieved
in
a
state
of enlightenment it
will
bring
liberation
from
all
pain
and suffering and
therefore
lead
to
lasting
happiness
  • The 4 Paths of YogaKarma
Yoga Bhakti
Yoga Jnana
Yoga Raja
YogaYoga
of Yoga
of Yoga
of Yoga
ofAction Devotion Wisdom Physical
& Mental Control
  • The 8 Limbs of Yoga Yama:
ethical
conduct
towards
others Niyama:
ethical
conduct
towards
self Asanas:
Yoga
poses ‐>
aim:
to
control
the
body Pranayama:
breathing
exercises ‐>
aim:
to
control
the
mind Pratyahara:
withdrawing
one’s
attention
from
the
body and
its
senses Dharana:
concentration
of
the
mind Dhyana:
meditation Samadhi:
uninterrupted
contemplation
of
reality
  • Anatomy of the Human Bodyin Yoga Philosophy
  • The 3 Bodies Physical
body: food
sheath Astral
body: ‐
pranic
sheath
‐>
sensations ‐
mental
sheath
‐>
thoughts
&
emotions ‐
intellectual
sheath
‐>
decision
making






=
residence
of
the
ego Causal
body:
 bliss
sheath
‐>
seed
body
  • The System of Chakras & Nadis 7
chakras 72,000
nadis 3
main
nadis: *
ida *
pingala *
shushuma
  • Health Benefits of Yoga good
health
requires
the
free
flow
of prana
(‘life
force’)
in
the
nadis
and the
proper
balance
of
all
7
chakras regular
practice
of
meditation, pranayama
(‘breathing
exercises’)
and asanas

(Yoga
‘poses’)
helps
to
balance, re‐align
and
cleanse
the
chakras
as
well as
the
nadis
  • Health Benefits of Yoga - cont. the
practice
of
yoga
has
shown
to
decrease
stress levels,
to
lower
blood
pressure,
and
to
slow
down
the rate
of
aging the
various
Yoga
asanas
exercise
the
entire
body Yoga
asanas
and
pranayama
help
to
remove
physical and
cellular
waste,
to
improve
muscle
tone,
and
to protect,
strengthen
and
repair
joints
and
ligaments the
regular
practice
of
Yoga
(asanas,
pranayama, meditation)
increases
mental,
emotional,
and
spiritual clarity
and
well‐being
and
improves
focus,
discipline, balance,
intuition,
imagination,
creativity,
and understanding
  • The Om Sign
  • A Typical YOGA Session Includes* 1. 
Pranayama

=

Breathing
Exercises 2. 
Meditation 3. 
Asanas

=

Poses 4. 
Pranayama

=

Breathing
Exercises 5. 
Relaxation 6. 
Meditation*
Please
Note:the
following
session
was
inspired
by
the
classes
andseminars
that
my
Yoga
Teacher,
Sensei
William
Daniel,taught
on
Haida
Gwaii
between
2005
and
2007
  • Pranayama - Breathing Exercises Slow
Breathing: ‐
in:out
=
1:2 ‐
in:hold:out
=
1:4:2 Kapalabhathi
(‘makes‐the‐head‐shine’
breathing) cleansing
breath:
part
of
kriyas
(=
purification
exercises) Anuloma
Viloma
Pranayama
(alternate
nostril
breathing) right
‐
pingala:
‘sun
breath’ left
‐
ida:
‘moon
breath’
  • Meditation -> “Ways In” Focus
on
Breath Concentration Visualization Guided
Meditation Movement Mantra: repetition
of
sounds,
often
seed
syllables,
to
focus
and
relax
the mind Yantra: visual
tools
that
are
either
used
as
centering devices
or
as
symbolic
compositions
of
energy patterns
  • Examples of Mantras Soham Om
Namah
Shivayah Om I
am Chakra
Seed
Syllables: Om,
Sham,
Ham,
Yam,
Ram,
Vam,
Lam e.g.
Om
Yam
Namaha
  • Examples of Yantras
  • Sequence of Asanas - Part 1 Surya
Namaskar
=
Sun
Salutation



(4
x) 1
salutation
pose:
exhale 2
raised‐arms
pose:
inhale 3
hands‐to‐feet
pose:
exhale 4
equestrian
pose
(one
leg
back):
inhale 5
plank:
hold
breath 6
eight
limbs
pose:
exhale 7
cobra
pose:
inhale 8
downward
dog
pose:
exhale 9
equestrian
pose
(one
leg
forward):
inhale 10
hands‐to‐feet
pose:
exhale 11
raised‐arms
pose:
inhale 12
mountain
pose
(arms
down):
exhale
  • Sequence of Asanas - Part 2 Bhujangasan

=

Cobra
Pose



(3
x) ‐>
relax
in
Crocodile
Pose Salabhasan


=

Locust
Pose




(4
x) ‐>
relax
in
Crocodile
Pose Dhanurasan

=

Bow
Pose




(3
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana

=
Corpse
Pose Pavanamuktasan

=

Head‐to‐Knee
Pose



(4
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana
=
Corpse
Pose Paschimottanasan

=

Sitting
Forward
Bend
Pose


(4
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana
=
Corpse
Pose Parivrtta
Trikonasan


=

Reverse
Rriangle
Pose


(6
x) ‐>
relax
in
Tadasana

=
Mountain
Pose Vrikshaasan

=

Tree
Pose



(2
x) ‐>
relax
in
Tadasana

=
Mountain
Pose
  • Sequence of Asanas - Part 3 Udyanabhanda

=

Stomach‐Pull‐In


(3
x) Sarvangasan

=
Shoulder
Stand

[‘all‐parts
pose’]



(1
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana

=
Corpse
Pose Halasan

=

Plough
Pose




(1
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana
=
Corpse
Pose Matsyasan

=

Fish
Pose




(1
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana
=
Corpse
Pose Chakrasan

=

Half‐Wheel
Pose



(1
x) ‐>
relax
in
Savasana
=
Corpse
Pose Matsyendrasana

=
Spinal
Twist
Pose


(
2
x) ‐>
relax
in
Staff
ose Ushtrasan

=

Camel
Pose



(1
x) ‐>
relax
in
Balasana

=
Child’s
Pose Savasana

=

Corpse
Pose



(1
x)
  • Yoga Asanas - Images
  • THE BEST WAY TO UNDERSTND WHAT YOGA IS: TRY IT OUT YOURSEFL! Thank You! © Gudrun Dreher - 2006/2012 Thousand Thanks to my Yoga Teacher -Sensei William Daniel - for Teaching me!
  • Images Used in this Presentationp.
1:
Image
of
Lotus
Flower
from:http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sacred_lotus_Nelumbo_nucifera.jpg 
p.
2:
Images
of
Peace:Image
Top
from:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/snapies/3934856469/Image
Right
from:http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/images/Teamwork_g404‐Multiracial_Kids_Holding_Hands_p43355.htmlp.
8:
Image
of
Human
Body
with
Chakras
from:http://www.rickrichards.com/Chakras.htmp.
10:
Image
of
Human
Body
with
Chakras
&
Nadis
from:http://mysticrebels.com/kundalini.htmp.
13:
Image
of
Om
Symbol
from:http://wiki.white‐wolf.com/camwiki/images/1/11/Om_symbol.jpgp.
18:
Images
of
Yantras:Image
Left
from:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Madhubani_Mahavidyas.jpgImage
Middle
from:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dhumavati_yantra_color.jpgImage
Right
from:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/arjuna/267145206/p.
21:
Image
of
Yoga
Asanas
from:http://www.mat‐yoga.com/wp‐content/uploads/2011/09/Yoga‐Postures‐Asanas.jpg
  • For Further Information Yoga
‐
Introduction:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1e77exc7ukI  http://www.sivananda.eu/en/sivananda‐yoga.html Yoga
‐
Anatomy:  http://www.rickrichards.com/Chakras.htm  http://ramakrishnanandayoga.com/1003/astral‐body‐nadis‐koshas/ Yoga
‐
Asanas:  http://www.yoga‐age.com/modern/asanas.html  http://www.sivananda.eu/en/yoga‐postures.html Yoga
‐Pranayama:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zjB‐gg32xjA Meditation:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gx_lOv_9ijE  http://www.deepakchopra.com/video/view/69/live_meditation_with_deepak_chopra  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e0rSmxsVHPE&feature=related  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4TP2c0gLHH0  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fNruveUaeRg&feature=related  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bd‐Pslr4GIw&feature=related  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RlCakXzJjOo&feature=related