Terminal Learning Objective <ul><li>Action: Large Scale Evacuation </li></ul><ul><li>Condition: Given a classroom environment </li></ul><ul><li>Standard: Learn the events during a natural disaster </li></ul>
Safety Consideration <ul><li>Fire Exit’s </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly Area </li></ul><ul><li>Head Count </li></ul>
Environmental Considerations <ul><li>Silence all noise making electronics and dispose of your waste appropriately. </li></ul>
Evaluation <ul><li>You will be questioned </li></ul>
Instructional Lead-in <ul><li>During the last lecture you learned the proper application of a contraceptive, during this block you will learn the devastation of a natural disaster. </li></ul>
Enabling Learning Objective <ul><li>Action: Operation Fiery Vigil </li></ul><ul><li>Condition: Given a classroom environment </li></ul><ul><li>Standard: Evaluate the events that forced the closure of two U.S. bases. </li></ul>
FIERY VIGIL NON COMBATANTS EVACUATION OPERATION (NEO) JUNE 10, 1991 BY SGT BEST EVACUATION OF CLARK AIR FORCE & SUBIC NAVAL BASE
In June 1991 Mt. Pinatubo Erupted several times larger than the 1980 eruption of Mount Saint Helens in Washington.
I ntroduction The Giant Awakens The giant awakens and the skies darken as the ash and soot fell down on the tropical island of the Republic of the Philippines. The volcano now a ticking time bomb has come to life once again and the residents of Clark Air base and Subic bay Naval Station worried about their fate. As flaming pebbles and lava begin to devastate the countryside, emergency response teams dispatched and make repairs on a satellite to transmit real-time data about the volcano. Typhoon Yunya Bering down on the tropical island. With this medley of disasters looming, Mission Control scramble to assemble a team of specialists to assist the island residents.
AGENDA <ul><li>HISTORY OF CLARK AIR BASE & SUBIC BAY NAVAL STATION </li></ul><ul><li>NEO OPPERATION FIERY VIGIL </li></ul><ul><li>UNITS INVOLVED </li></ul><ul><li>EVACUATION </li></ul><ul><li>CONCLUTION </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS </li></ul>
Non Combatants Evacuation Operation (NEO) <ul><li>Relocate threatened civilians and noncombatants for location in a foreign country or host nation. </li></ul>
HISTORY OF CLARK AIR FORCE BASE <ul><li>1902 TO 1903 THE US ARMY SET UP POST IN FERTIL PLAIN ON WHAT WAS LATER CALLED CLARK AIR BASE. PRESIDENT ROSEVELT SIGNED AN EXECUTIVE ORDER ON SEPTEMBER 1 ESTABLISHING 7700 ACRESS CENTERED ON CLARK AIR BASE. </li></ul><ul><li>1941 THE JAPANES LUNCHED AN ATTACK ON CLARK AIR BASE. CLARK WAS EVACUATED. </li></ul><ul><li>1945 ON JANUARY 31 AMERICAN FORCES REGAINED POSESION OF CLARK AIR BASE </li></ul><ul><li>1947 U.S. AND THE PHILLIPPINES SIGNS THE MILITARY BASE AGREEMENT GUARANTED AMERICAN POSSESSION OF U.S BASES IN THE PHILLIPPINES FOR 99 YEARS. </li></ul><ul><li>1964 CLARK AIR BASE ENTERED VIETNAM </li></ul><ul><li>1975 CLARK AIR BASE SERVES AS A STAGING POINT FOR VIETNAMESE FLEEING NORTH VIETNAM. </li></ul><ul><li>1991 OPERATION FIERY VIGIL. </li></ul><ul><li>1997 THE LAST U.S FORCES LEFT THE PHILLIPPINES. </li></ul>
HISTORY OF SUBIC BAY NAVAL STATION <ul><li>1900 PRESIDENT THEODORE ROOSEVELT ISSUED AN EXECUTIVE ORDER ESTABLISHING THE SUBIC BAY NAVAL RESERVATION. </li></ul><ul><li>1942 JAPANESE ATTACK SUBIC BAY NAVAL STATION. </li></ul><ul><li>1944 THE U.S. LEBERATED THE NAVAL BASE. </li></ul><ul><li>1947 MILITARY BASE AGREEMENT OF 99 YEARS TERM. </li></ul><ul><li>1966 U.S. AGREEMENT WAS CHANGE TO EXPIRE IN 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>1979 THE MILITARY BASE AGREEMENT IS AMMENDED BUT U.S. GUARANTED “UNHAMPERED” MILITARY USE., </li></ul><ul><li>1991 APRIL 2 ND , MOUNT PINATUBO BEGAN IT’S STEMING. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Aerial Pics of Subic Bay, Philippines 10,000 Military & Family Personnel. </li></ul> .....
FIERY VIGIL Mission: Evacuation of 19,000 Air Force and Naval personnel and their families from Clark AFB/Subic Bay during the eruption of Mount Pinatubo's volcano and Typhoon Yunya. Dates: 16-26 June 1991 Participating Units: 17 7th Fleet ships; Anderson AFB Guam, Hickam AFB Hawaii, McChord AFB Washington, Travis AFB California Type: (NEO) Humanitarian; Disaster Relief; Evacuation Location: Philippines
CLARK AIR FIELD <ul><li>Nearly 1,000 446th reservists were called to active duty in support of Operation Desert Storm . </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds More wing reservists were activated for duty at McChord. Wing reservists pitched into to assist survivors of Mount Pinatubo eruption in Operation Fiery Vigil . </li></ul>
MOUNT PINATUBO AWAKEN Mt. Pinatuobo had been dormant for 500 years, the size and impact of the eruption were completely unexpected.
June 12, 1991, Eruption Cloud of Mt. Pinatubo from Clark Air Base THE JUNE 1991 ERUPTION OF MOUNT PINATUBO, PHILIPPINES ERUPTION PHASES. View to the west from Clark Air Base of the first major eruption of Pinatubo on June 12, 1991. After more than two months of increasing activity, localized deformation, and emission of small plumes, a series of strong explosions on this date heralded the start of the major pyroclastic phase.
MOUNT PINATUBO AWAKEN The Secretary of Defense authorized evacuation of all non-essential military and DOD civilian personnel and their dependents at Clark Air Base to safe haven elsewhere in the Philippines. Evacuation began at 0600 local on 10 June. 5 days later a massive eruption of Mount Pinatubo occurred on 15 June that sent debris over 100,000 feet into the air and then down onto Clark, burying the base under one to two feet of ash. Those who fled the base never went back.
EVACUATION JUNE 10 5 A.M. MAJ. GEN. WILLIAM A. STADER 13 TH AIR FORCE COMMANDER,ORDERED THE EVACUATION OF ALL NON-MISSION ESSENTIAL PEOPLE AND FAMILIES TO SUBIC BAY. THE FIRST VEHICLES WERE ROLLING OUT THE GATE SIX HOURS LATER 14,000 PEOPLE WERE ON THE ROAD HEADED FOR SUBIC BAY. 1,500 MISSION ESSENTIAL PEOPLE STILL STAYED BACK AT CARLK AIR BASE.
JNUE 10, 1991 ABOUT 14,000 FOLKS ON THE ROAD BEGAN THERE EVACUATION.
EVACUATION <ul><li>Fiery Vigil Evacuation of more than 45,000 military personnel, DOD civilians, and families from the Republic of the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>Roughly 300 personnel were sent too Okinawa Air Base. </li></ul><ul><li>While more than 19,700 took the trip of a life time by Naval Vessel to Guam, Hawaii, and the good old U.S.A. </li></ul>
ON THE USS MIDWAY AND ABRAHAM LINCOLN <ul><li>June 17, USS Abraham Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>Transformed into a huge 4000 </li></ul><ul><li>bedroom with cots for people to sleep in. </li></ul><ul><li>On load evacuees (2000 people and 500 pets) </li></ul><ul><li>USS Midway loading medical teams. 2,000 cots and enough food to feed 3,000 people for two weeks </li></ul>
ASH SOLDIERS MISSION SECURITY WAS A TOP PRIORITY, ALONG WITH RESTORING ESSENTIAL SERVICES LIKE POWER AND WATER. MOVING MONITIONS OUT OF CLARK AND SUBIC BAY.
NAVY EXCHANGE Seabees from Naval Mobile Construction Battalion and Maintenance Unit 302, returning from Desert Storm was diverted to Subic bay Naval Station.
CLARK AIR BASE PHILLIPPINES <ul><li>THE VOLCANO RENDERED CONTINUED U.S. OPERATION AT CLARK VIRTUALLY IMPOSSIBLE, SO AT ONCE THE U.S. DRAFTED A BASE CLOSURE PLAN. A SAFE, ORDERLY, WITHDRAWAL. </li></ul>
CLARK AIR BASE HOUSING <ul><li>The Secretary of the Air Force visited Clark Air Base on 5 November and paid tribute to those who remained throughout the volcanic activity and cleanup-the Ash Warriors. The American flag was lowered for the last time on 26 November 1991 by those Ash Warriors and Clark Air Base was turned over to the government of the Philippines, ending over 90 years of US presence at the base. </li></ul>
<ul><li>CONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><li>More than 53,000 Evacuated and 20,000 permanently displaced </li></ul><ul><li>Taking Several Hundred Human lives </li></ul><ul><li>$ 250 million in damage </li></ul><ul><li>Shut Down two major U.S. Bases in the Republic of the Philippines. </li></ul>