Croatia after accession:regional cooperation beyondCEFTAPeter PolajnarEuropean CommissionDG Enlargement
Regional cooperationConcept developed by the Stabilisation and Association Process.• Political and economic rationalesWest...
EEconomicconomicrationalesrationales→ Fragmented markets. Need to findeconomies of scale and scope.→ Similar level of econ...
EvolvingEvolvingThessalonikiThessalonikiagendaagenda20032003Treaties→CEFTA→Energy Community→SEETO (Transport Community)Ini...
Regional cooperation – Changesafter 1 July 2013• Rules will changes – strict application of EU standards at HR borderand w...
Regional cooperation – wayaheadStrong political commitment to continuous regional cooperation.But this can also change occ...
Regional cooperation – wayahead• Businesses fully comitted (HR FDI 80% to BiH and SR. TheEconomist: Yugosphere)• Regional ...
Regional cooperation –conclusionsIt used to be top down, now bottom up.Functionality more important than inclusiveness.Mor...
ec.europa.eu/enlargementfacebook.com/EUenlargement@EU_enlargement
ec.europa.eu/enlargementfacebook.com/EUenlargement@EU_enlargement
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Regional cooperation beyond CEFTA

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Peter Polajnar, Economic Policy Officer, DG Enlargement, European Commission

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  • Let’s see what’s inside.
  • Increased focus needed on: Improving good governance, rule of law – judicial reform; dealing with corruption & organised crime & public admin. reform Strengthening freedom of expression & independence of media, particularly in Turkey Tackling economic criteria earlier in the process, also in the context of the current economic crisis Closer regional cooperation, good neighbourly relations Working towards resolution of bilateral issues; normalising relations
  • Increased focus needed on: Improving good governance, rule of law – judicial reform; dealing with corruption & organised crime & public admin. reform Strengthening freedom of expression & independence of media, particularly in Turkey Tackling economic criteria earlier in the process, also in the context of the current economic crisis Closer regional cooperation, good neighbourly relations Working towards resolution of bilateral issues; normalising relations
  • Let’s see what’s inside.
  • Let’s see what’s inside.
  • Let’s see what’s inside.
  • Let’s see what’s inside.
  • Regional cooperation beyond CEFTA

    1. 1. Croatia after accession:regional cooperation beyondCEFTAPeter PolajnarEuropean CommissionDG Enlargement
    2. 2. Regional cooperationConcept developed by the Stabilisation and Association Process.• Political and economic rationalesWestern Balkans:Conditionality for accession– part of SAA contractualobligationsEU countries:Invited to take part, host initiatives, provide funds, apointexperts
    3. 3. EEconomicconomicrationalesrationales→ Fragmented markets. Need to findeconomies of scale and scope.→ Similar level of economic development,similar policy challenges.→ Investors perception. Investors demands(cross border infrastructure).→ Economic cooperation ground for politicalcooperation.→ Already existent high level of tradeintegration (20%)
    4. 4. EvolvingEvolvingThessalonikiThessalonikiagendaagenda20032003Treaties→CEFTA→Energy Community→SEETO (Transport Community)Initaitives→SEECEL→ERISEE→eSEE Agenda→SEE Investment Committee, SME Policy IndeRCC
    5. 5. Regional cooperation – Changesafter 1 July 2013• Rules will changes – strict application of EU standards at HR borderand within HR.• Treaties which concern EU competence need to change / lapse.– The underlying economic rationale will remain.• "Soft" initiatives can and should remain.
    6. 6. Regional cooperation – wayaheadStrong political commitment to continuous regional cooperation.But this can also change occasionally (Greece, Slovenia)???Region will be observing if political and economic reforms in Croatiapay off.EU partners expect constructive behaviour.Further development of EU strategies which encompass the WesternBalkans (Danube, Adriatic). Capacity to engage and organise non-EUneighbours. Funds available.
    7. 7. Regional cooperation – wayahead• Businesses fully comitted (HR FDI 80% to BiH and SR. TheEconomist: Yugosphere)• Regional competitive edge established in food industry. Butcommodities dominate trade and manufacturing not evolving.• Will business find other niches? Can the existing initiatives supportthem or should they develop new ones?• Beyond EU and CEFTA: Value chains going Turkey, Balkans, EU;Serbian FTA with Russia.
    8. 8. Regional cooperation –conclusionsIt used to be top down, now bottom up.Functionality more important than inclusiveness.More opportunities as more EU funds available, more room for SMEs.o Businesses and governments need to better define and artιculateideas. So far ….o Economic crisis significant negative factor.
    9. 9. ec.europa.eu/enlargementfacebook.com/EUenlargement@EU_enlargement
    10. 10. ec.europa.eu/enlargementfacebook.com/EUenlargement@EU_enlargement

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