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Grow Your Own, Nevada! Spring 2013: Efficient Irrigation for the Home Vegetable Garden
 

Grow Your Own, Nevada! Spring 2013: Efficient Irrigation for the Home Vegetable Garden

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  • Photosynthesis is one of the hallmark functions of a plant, and is a key difference between plants and animals (animals can’t photosynthesize, of course). Think about it this way: humans and animals can move around their environment to attain food and water and to escape uncomfortable or unsafe conditions. Plants can’t – they’re rooted in place and so must be able to meet all their needs using the tools they have. Photosynthesis occurs mainly in the leaves of plants, although it can occur in any part of the plant that is green. Photosynthesis happens in the chloroplasts where the green pigment, chlorophyll, absorbs light. Plants use carbon dioxide taken up from the atmosphere through leaf stomata, water taken up through the roots, and sunlight to produce sugars (also known as carbohydrates). Plants use the carbohydrates from photosynthesis to grow. Greenhouse growers can increase the rate of photosynthesis of horticultural plants by enriching the greenhouse environment with carbon dioxide. This cause plants to grow faster. We’ll take more about this later in the semester when we cover greenhouse production.
  • Most vegetables don’t like fluctuations in water availability
  • mainline, valve, sub-main, backflow preventer, pressure regulator, filter, tubing adapters and fittings, drip tubing, emitters, and end caps.
  • The mainline is the pipe that runs from the water source – typically your outdoor faucet - to the valve; and the sub-main runs from the valve to the point where the drip tubing is connected. Generally, sub-mains are used only when there are multiple lines of drip tubing and zones feeding off of the same mainline water source. The combined length of the mainline and sub-main should not exceed 400 feet.The valve controls water flow into the system and can be set for either automatic or manual control. Backflow preventers are necessary to ensure that irrigation water does not flow back into the pipes and contaminate your main water source. Pressure regulators are only necessary if your water pressure is over 40 pounds per square inch. If you do not know your water pressure it is a good idea to install one just in case. Filters keep dissolved substances in your water from clogging the emitters over time. Install filters either at the emitters or at the water source to protect both the valve and pressure regulator in addition to the emitters. It is best if the filter has at least a 150 mesh screen or higher. Tubing adapters and fittings are used to attach the drip tubing to the rest of the system. It is important that these are the right size for the tubing to prevent them from blowing apart under pressure.
  • Because small amounts of water are applied slowly, drip irrigation is designed to run daily unless it rains. How long to run the drip irrigation system will depend on how much water your plants require per day and the flow rate of your emitters. Water is applied either once or twice a day. Early morning is the best time to water because there will be less evaporation. Watering in the evening increases the plant’s susceptibility to disease.
  • Boron, weeds

Grow Your Own, Nevada! Spring 2013: Efficient Irrigation for the Home Vegetable Garden Grow Your Own, Nevada! Spring 2013: Efficient Irrigation for the Home Vegetable Garden Presentation Transcript