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firstname.lastname@example.org• ISA Certified Arborist – Pruning – Consults and Pruning Lessons• NV Nursery License – Retail bare root fruit tree sales – Grafting classes• Gardening in Nevada since 1983• Master Gardener Volunteer since 1996• Monthly Fruit Tree and Gardening Newsletter
Growing Fruit Trees andBerries in Northern Nevada Michael G. Janik www.michaelsapples.com
Sources for Trees• Local nurseries• Chain Discount Stores• Mail order nurseries• www.gardenwatchdog.com• www.davesgarden.com
Selection Criteria• What you need and want• What the tree needs and wants
Personal Needs and Likes• What type of fruit do you like? -Apples, Pears, Cherries, Berries• Continuous supply -Early, Autumn, Over winter keepers -Redhaven, Veteran, Contender• Needs—Tastes—Uses -Fresh -Baking/Cooking -Sauce/Juice -Preserves, Jams, Jellies
Fruit Tree Needs and Likes• Climate—Hardy to USDA zones 2-6• Chill Hours—hrs 32-45°F +800 hrs• Soil—pH 6.5 Northern NV pH 8.5• Water• Nutrition—No need to fertilize, except• Location—Sunshine > 8 hrs/day
Varieties for Northern Nevada• UNR Cooperative Extension (handout)• Other varieties for our area• Farm trails and fruit tastings• My varietal recommendations (handout)• Late Blooming, Early Ripening Varieties on Dwarfing Rootstocks
Farm Trails—Stabile’s Hillview Farm Watsonville, CA NAFEX.org
• Choose an early ripening, a late, & aApples keeper (or 2) • Handout varieties plus: – Granny Smith, Arkansas Black – Honeycrisp, Fuji – Smokehouse, Newtown Pippin • Apple Hill, Placerville, CA
• Table Grapes – “Grapes in Your Backyard” – Suffolk Red, Einset, seedless Concord, Glenora, Candice, Neptune, and many more
STRAWBERRIES• HYBRIDS – Tristar – Tribute – Everest – Apache• ALPINE – Fragissimo (white) – Baron – Capron – Mara des Bois
Currants and Gooseberries Red Lake White Imperial Minaj Smyriou Ben Lomond Nuts Pecans (native northern) Walnuts (Black) Almond (Hall’s Hardy)
How Fruit Trees and Berries Are Propagated• Rhizomes (raspberries)• Stolons or runners (strawberries)• Seeds (colonial times)• Grafting (Clones of fruit trees with desired characteristics)• Scions, Buds and Rootstocks
Know the Pest and Pesticide• Identify the pest you want to control (kill).• Read the label on the pesticide product.• Make sure the pest and the fruit you need to spray are both listed on the label.
Bagged FujiPhoto courtesy of Ed Franks, hobby orchardist, Illinois, NAFEX
Fruit Tree Spray Program• Dormant Oil—aphids, mites, scales – Winter (optional) – ¼” green tip• Fungicide—scale, p. mildew, rust – Half inch green to pink• Insecticide—codling moth larvae – Pheromone traps at full bloom – Determine biofix – Count degree days – Spray insecticide – Repeat for 3 hatches per year
Good Cultural Practices In Autumn • Pick up fruit as it falls • Do not leave fruit on trees over winter • Paint trunks or use tree wraps • Clear leaves and mulch away from tree trunks • Water as needed during winter months; check moisture on holidays.
Enjoy and Learn• Weekly tours• Buy the book and use it!• Google: The answer to all questions is there• University of Nevada, Reno Cooperative Extension 784-4848A Master Gardener is waiting for your email@example.com Newsletter