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Behaviorism Learning Theory

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By Annie-Grace, Joy, and Curtis …

By Annie-Grace, Joy, and Curtis
Group 4
EME 2040

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  • 1. Learning Theories:Behaviorism
    By: Joy, Curtis, and Annie-Grace
  • 2. Definition of Behaviorism
    A learning theory that only focuses on objectively observable behaviors and discounts any independent activities of the mind.
  • 3. Popular and Influential Behaviorists
    Alan E. Kazdin
    Albert Bandura
    Edwin Ray Guthrie
    Richard J. Herrnstein
    Clark L. Hull
    Ivan Pavlov
    B.F. Skinner
    Edward Lee Thorndike
    Edward C. Tolman
    Murray Sidman
    John B. Watson
    Ole IvarLovaas
    Steven C. Hayes
    Donald Baer
    Living
    1925-present
    1886-1959
    1930-1994
    1884-1952
    1849-1936
    1904-1990
    1874-1949
    1886-1959
    1923-present
    1878-1958
    1927-2010
    1948-present
    1931-2002
  • 4. Key Points
    Classic Conditioning
    The natural reflex that occurs as a response to a stimulus
    Operant Conditioning
    Learning that is controlled and results in shaping behavior through reinforcement of stimulus to response patterns
    Observational Modeling
    Watching something and then mimicking it
  • 5. Classroom implication
    A behaviorist educator would use positive and negative reinforcement as a means to motivate their students. An extreme behaviorist believes all motivation for the students to learn is extrinsic.
    Examples:
    •Handing out treats to reward good test scores
    •Emphasizing grades, rather than significance of learning
    •Giving free homework passes to students who complete all their assignment on time
    •Smiling and complimenting students on a job well done
  • 6. Classroom Implication (cntd.)
    In this behaviorist environment, students adapt to the reinforcement. They learn to base their efforts, academic performances, and behavior off the resulting positive or negative reinforcement. The behaviorist theory proposes that the students’ behavior and academic performance will come develop as a result of their responses to certain stimuli.
  • 7. Behaviorism as it pertains to learning
    Behavior theorists define learning as nothing more than the acquisition of new behavior based on environmental conditions.
  • 8. Personal Opinions
  • 9. Annie-Grace
    I think that this is a really important theory to grasp. Behaviorism is something that an educator must take hold of before getting in from of a group of students. Understanding why people act the way they do, and better yet, predicting what they are going to do will allow a teacher to better manage their classroom. I also think that understanding HOW to alter behavior is key. Whether it be by example or by positive reinforcement, I believe that knowing what will motivate your students is essential to their success.
  • 10. Curtis
    I agree to an extent with the behaviorist theory of learning. I do think that positive and negative reinforcement will prove effective in the classroom; however, not all of the motivation we give our students should be extrinsic. I believe that students do have a personal desire to learn, and if we constantly use reinforcement to control the desire, it will slowly lose it’s intrinsic motivation, transferring it to extrinsic. Students will acquire more information in the long run if their learning things for the knowledge, not the reward.
  • 11. Bibliography List
    Information Found
    Resource
    Slide 2 & 3
    Slide 3
    Slide 4
    Slide 5-7
    http://www.funderstanding.com/content/behaviorism
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behaviorism
    http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/f/behaviorism.htm
    http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Behaviorism
    https://www.msu.edu/~purcelll/behaviorism%20theory.htm