Introduction to Literature - Group 3 Wiki Presentation


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This is Group 3's Wiki PowerPoint Presentation for our short story.
Group Members: Steffane Ramnaryan, Hayley Bhola, Sharifa Jabar & Rechelle Finlay

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Introduction to Literature - Group 3 Wiki Presentation

  1. 1. The Cask of Amontillado Group 3 Wiki Steffane Ramnaryan, Hayley Bhola, Sharifa Jabar & Rechelle Finlay By Edgar Allan Poe
  2. 2. ♪ Summary ♫ <ul><li>Montresor was a vintage wine collector who felt wronged and insulted  by Fortunato, a wine connoisseur. Therefore he secretly plotted murderous revenge ! - while feigning friendship. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowing Fortunato’s pride in his expertise, he used the lure of the possibility of rare wine called Amontillado to draw “the Quack” into his trap. </li></ul><ul><li>Montresor brought him to the depths of the Catacombs and intoxicated him, ☢ chained him to wall and built a brick wall to trap him inside, where he suffocated and died painfully. ☠  </li></ul>
  3. 3. ♫ A Short Story Is… <ul><li>♬ Descended from the novel but l imited in length and scope. It begins close to the height of the action with only a small number of characters. Typically, a short story centers on a single occurrence and the characters develop in relation to their responses to said event. </li></ul>
  4. 4. ♪ Material / Setting ♫ <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early 1800s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>early evening </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An Italian city during a carnival prior to Lent </li></ul></ul>“ It was about dusk, one evening during the supreme madness of Carnival ”
  5. 5. ♪ Material / Setting cont’d <ul><li>Mileu / Characters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Montresor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fortunato </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pride – both men were proud </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vengence – Montresor wanted to avenge his wounded pride </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deception – Montresor kept a pretext of being Fortunato’s friend </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. ♫ Structure ♪ <ul><li>Narrative technique </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Person </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Episodes or Scenes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meeting scene: at a carenage or promenade in the evening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the palazzo (Montresor’s manor): going down to the vaults </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. ♫ Structure cont’d <ul><ul><li>Catacomb scene: Live burial. Fortunato is holed into the wall and left to die. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. ♪ Suspense ♫ <ul><li>Instances of suspense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Throughout the first three quarters of the story, we wonder what Montresor is really bringing Fortunato to the vaults for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wondering if he would successfully get him to the catacombs and succeed with his immolation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climax points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moment of burial and death ☠ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the duration of the tierring of the bricks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Momnet of realization that death was coming and hoping it was a joke. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. ♫ Symbols ♪ <ul><li>Cask – symbolized a casket </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The word cask , meaning wine barrel , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>is derived from the same root word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>used to form casket , meaning coffin . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thus, the cask figuratively represents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fortunato’s casket. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jester outfit (motley) – Fortunato was thought of generally as a fool </li></ul><ul><li>The mask Montresor puts on – putting on a mask </li></ul><ul><li>of false friendship </li></ul>
  10. 10. ♪ Symbols cont’d <ul><li>The Amontillado – </li></ul><ul><li>symbolized a rare attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Family crest – Montresor’s supposed crest symbolized revenge </li></ul><ul><li>“ Nemo me impune lacessit ” - No one provokes me with impunity </li></ul><ul><li>Freemasons – worldwide fraternal organisation (Montresor used it to gain trust), </li></ul><ul><li>and a mason is also a bricklayer. </li></ul><ul><li>The trowel is a bricklaying tool </li></ul>
  11. 11. ♪ Symbols cont’d <ul><li>The flagon of “De Grave” – Montresor gave fortunato this wine as they went deeper into the catacombs to ‘help with his cough’. De Grave however literally means of / from the grave. </li></ul>
  12. 12. ♪ Perspective ♫ <ul><li>Proud </li></ul><ul><li>Defensive – Montresor is defending his case. The readers take his side though he is the murderer. </li></ul><ul><li>Biased – Because the story is told in first person, there is only Montresor’s account given. </li></ul>
  13. 13. ♫ Language & Style ♪ <ul><li>Imagery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The descriptive words used in the story are expressive and evocative: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The “supreme madness” of carnival </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… bowed him through several suites of rooms to the archway that led into vaults. I passed down a long and winding staircase, requesting him to be cautious as he followed. We came at length to the foot of the descent, and stood together upon the damp ground of the catacombs of the Montressors.&quot; That excerpt develops the setting in the eerie catacombs of the Montressors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Dialogue: Drama </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Montresor says, “We will go back. Your health is precious. Your are rich, respected, admired, beloved; you are happy, as I once was. You are a man to be missed.” Fortunato then tells Montresor not to worry: “The cough is a mere nothing; it will not kill me. I will not die of a cough.” To this reply, Montresor says, “True–true.” The reader at this point can almost see a devilish gleam in Montresor’s eyes, for he knows exactly how Fortunato will die.” Later, Montresor opens a bottle of wine and toasts Fortunato: “To your long life,” he says.  </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. ♪ Language & Style cont’d <ul><li>Irony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fortunato’s name actually means ‘Fortunate’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fortunato was going on about how Luchresi couldn’t tell the difference between sherry and Amontillado, but he couldn’t tell the difference between a friend and a foe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fortunato asks Montresor whether his is a mason, meaning a member of the fraternal order of Freemasonry. Montresor says he is indeed a mason. However, he is using the word to mean a craftsman who builds with stone and mortar (because he will be building Fortunato’s “tomb,” a stone wall.) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. ♪ Language & Style cont’d <ul><li>Tone: Eerie, Dark, Suspenseful, Misleading, Macabre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The description of the catacombs: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“… passed through long walls of piled skeletons, with casks and puncheons intermingling…” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“… we passed through a range of low arches, descended, passed on, and descending again, arrived at a deep crypt in which the foulness of the air…” – this gave the impresson that other bodies had been trapped down there, indicating that the Montresors did indeed punish those who fell to insult. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The succession of loud and shrill screams, bursting suddenly from the throat…“ </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. ♪ Words Learnt During the Exercise ♫ <ul><li>Amontillado </li></ul><ul><li>Aperture </li></ul><ul><li>Circumscribing </li></ul><ul><li>Fetter </li></ul><ul><li>Flambeau </li></ul><ul><li>Immolate </li></ul><ul><li>Puncheon </li></ul><ul><li>Rheum </li></ul><ul><li>Roquelaure </li></ul>