MacroDynamics™ water treatment technology for solving water, waste, and CO2 problems

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  • 1. Globe Protect Water Treatment Technology Contact Information: Scott Zeilinger, CEO 925.640.1713 Michael Skinner, CFO 415.265.5155
  • 2. Macrosound Globe Protect has developed sonic hydrodynamic cavitation technology that can efficiently and effectively remediate water, wastewater and sludge, and can desalinate seawater, with lower costs and with mitigated environmental impact relative to the solutions utilized today. Macrosound is high intensity sound and macro cavitation generated and delivered in a mechanical process. The Macrosound process does not require filters or chemicals, which translates to low operational and maintenance cost. Macrosound is a complete and disruptive shift in the traditional remediation process, which will impact an industry that has not had a new innovation in more than fifty years.
  • 3. Industry Applications
    • Macrosound technology has tremendous market potential because of the numerous applications wherein the technology may be utilized:
      • Waste Water Treatment
      • Desalination
      • Water and Soil Remediation
      • Biofuels Production
      • Biosolids Enhancement
      • Base and Precious Ore Processing
      • Paper and Fibrous Product Production
      • Food Production
      • Landfill Reduction and Treatment of Landfill Biomass
      • Medical and Medical Waste Applications
  • 4. Waste Water Treatment Biological Sludge Dewatering – Sonication of biological sludges from wastewater treatment plants using ultrasonic horns has been studied extensively. One of the fields of study for using sonication technologies is focused on the dewatering of biological sludges. Biological sludges (in particular digested or undigested waste activated sludge) can only be dewatered to about 25% solids using conventional methods. The macrosound unit could be installed prior to a conventional dewatering device. The highly variable ultrasonic frequencies emitted from the unit will lyse the cell walls of the sludge thereby increasing the total amount of free water in the sludge. This in turn allows the conventional dewatering unit to more efficiently remove water. Digester enhancement – Sonication of biological sludges from wastewater treatment plants using ultrasonic horns has also been considered prior to anaerobic digestion. The lysing of the cell walls allows for greater methane production in the digester and thus better reduction of sludge solids. The macrosound unit could be installed in the piping prior to the digester in order to enhance the digester’s performance. Wastewater Disinfection – T he macrosound unit can inactivate pathogens in sludge samples, and could be used to treat the final water discharges from a wastewater treatment plant. The macrosound unit would be added to the final discharge piping in lieu of chlorination or some other means of disinfection prior to discharge. Waste Water Treatment – Macrosound can be used in the sterilization of pathogens and the binding and deactivation of harmful components.
  • 5. Water and Soil Remediation
    • Water Treatment of Produced Waters (Oil and Gas Production) – One of the more significant environmental challenges facing the oil and gas production industry is the treatment of waters emanating from the wells. Macrosound can be use to remediate contaminants and heavy metals from produced waters including boron, silica, sodium chloride, magnesium, TOC’s, DOC’s, etc.
    • Fenton Reactions -- To treat difficult, hazardous wastes, expensive oxidation processes are sometimes used. Fenton Reactions (adding H2O2 to water while adding a metal catalyst, FeSO4) are commonly used to treat hazardous wastes but the process can be difficult to control. Since the macrosound unit can mix chemicals inside the chamber, it is possible that a Fenton reaction could be controlled more easily in a macrosound unit. Additionally, a few research articles have noted that a Fenton Reaction is greatly enhanced in the presence of ultrasonic frequencies. This is due to the fact that the metal catalyst must get very close to the hydrogen peroxide for the reaction to occur. The intense mixing and cavitation inside the macrosound unit allows for the reaction to happen more efficiently thus allowing an operator to minimize the amount of chemicals needed for the reaction.
    • Pathogen Destruction (e.g., bacteria, viruses). Macrosound efficiently and effectively remediates and destroys pathogens.
    • Toxic binding and removal (arsenic, lead, copper, chromium).
    • Enhanced oxidation / degradation of organic compounds (pesticides, hydrocarbons, natural organic matter). For example to inhibit the formation of trihalomethanes (THMs) and halo acetic acids (TAAs) (haz. and reg. byproducts of disinfection with chlorine).
  • 6. Biofuel Industry
    • Algae into Biofuels – The algae industry is challenged with the task of lysing the cell of the algae in separating the oils. This process can aid in the eventual removal and processing of algal oil from the microscopic plant. Macrosound can be used to effectively lyse the algal cells.
    • Transesterification of Bio-Oils – Macrosound could be used in the processing of oils in biodiesel production.
    • Processing of Biomass – Macrosound can be used in the disintegration of biomass for enhanced ethanol fermentation yields and rates of recovery (or other target fermentation products, e.g., lactic acid, acetic acid).
  • 7. Biosolids Enhancement
    • Class A Biosolids Production – The Macrosound unit has been shown to perform cell lysis, and could be used to stabilize biosolids from a wastewater treatment plant. The installation of a macrosound unit prior to a dewatering device could render all the bacteria in the sludge inactive, particularly the pathogenic organisms.
    • Ammonia Recovery – Ammonium in wastewater is a growing problem in the United States. Biological nitrification/denitrification processes have been the preferred method of treatment at most wastewater treatment plants. However new, low cost processes have been developed that may change how ammonium is removed from wastewater. A Thermoenergy process (called CASTion’s Ammonia Removal Process) that uses ion exchange resin and vacuum stripping processes to recapture the ammonia and process it into a high-grade ammonium sulfate. We believe that macrosound could perform this process much more efficiently. The macrosound unit could receive high ammonium wastewater and quicklime pellets, which if pulverized would create hydrated lime and heat. The reaction of the ammonium with the lime will form ammonia, which is volatile. The additional heat from the reaction will cause the ammonia to readily volatilize, and a closed chamber following the macrosound unit could easily collect the ammonia and water vapors.
    Fecal Coliform Wastewater – Macrosound produces EQ biosolids at significant cost reductions to traditional treatments, with complete recycling of nutrients with no digestion. This translates into the complete elimination of pathogens and viruses to a non-detectable level.
  • 8. Base Ore Applications
    • Lime Slaking -- The macrosound unit could be used directly as a lime slaker. There are about four main types of lime slakers on the market today: detention slakers, paste slakers, batch slakers and ball mill slakers. The macrosound system would be most closely related to a ball mill slaker. However, the advantage of a macrosound system is that in addition to being able to slake lime, the unit could replace the process of lime slaking altogether.
    • Metals Precipitation -- In the steel industry as well as in the mining industry, the precipitation of heavy metals from water is a necessary and costly process. One of the most common treatment methods for precipitating heavy metals is called the high-density solids recycle process. This process uses slaked lime and air to react with heavy metals. First, the addition of air oxidized the metals and then the addition of slaked lime raises the pH and causes the metals to precipitate as metal hydroxides. The recycling of the hydroxide sludge “squeezes” water out of the flocs and enhances settling and dewatering of the sludge. If macrosound was used in this process, quicklime could be used instead of slaked lime. The quicklime would be placed into the macrosound unit while adding air. The oxidation of the metals, and the slaking of the lime would happen simultaneously and also create excess heat. This process would create metal hydroxides in one step, thus eliminating the lime slaking process, and the sludge recycle process.
    • Oil Separation for Oil Sand Industry -- The United States has very large reserves of oil sands. However, actually removing the sand from the oil is an extremely energy intensive process. Currently, this is done in Alaska using caustic and surfactants and high shear mixers that over time cause the oil to separate from the sand. Contemporary processes utilize sonication and ultrasound to shear the oil from the sand. The Macrosound unit could process oil sands that have been extracted above ground to separate the oil from the sand.
  • 9. Food Processing
    • Homogenization / Emulsification Processes -- Ultrasonic systems are used regularly in food processing and the processing of creams, lotions and other beauty products. The advantage of using ultrasonic systems is that they are much less energy intensive that traditional mixers and provide a greater degree of mixing. Also, they are easily cleaned up when a process is shutdown. The macrosound system could also be used to compete directly with ultrasonic devices in the food processing or cosmetics industry, such as biorefining of grains, pasteurization and homogenization, fermentation, emulsification, etc.
  • 10. Market Demand Two thirds of the worlds population will be suffering from a shortage of fresh water by 2025. The EPA estimates that 2008 revenues for the U.S. environmental remediation industry to be $290B, with growth rates of 4%-7% annually . General Electric Co. plans to invest $1 billion in water infrastructure projects by 2009. "We see enormous capital that's needed in water," Alex Urquhart, president and chief executive officer of GE Energy Financial Services.  The Domestic Waste Water Treatment industry represents over $500,000,000 is annual equipment sales. There are over 100,000 water remediation projects ongoing in the U.S. today. These projects represent over $850,000,000 in capital expenditures for remediation equipment. The portability, production volume and durability of the machines make them ideal in the use in many industrial and agricultural processes, including other uses such as disaster recovery, maritime, resorts, and in remote locations.
  • 11. Business Model Globe Protect has developed Macrosound technology to the point that it is ready for market introduction. Our business model is based upon strategic partnerships with companies that have established industry expertise in each target application for Macrosound. Revenue is derived from a combination of service fees, licensing revenues, shared operational efficiency savings, and apparatus leasing. Globe Protect has identified several industry applications for Macrosound. However, we have initially focused on industrial wastewater and biosolid wastewater treatment. Globe Protect is ready for commercialization of its technology.
  • 12. Technology Validation Macrosound has been validated through the application and testing of our operating machines on several long term case studies. Macrosound devices have been tested by several companies and municipalities, utilizing EPA certified laboratory test results to validate that the technology is effective. Some of the entities that have validated Macrosound technology include; Chevron, The City of Ridgecrest, El Dorado Bio Fuels, Yates Petroleum, Harper Lake, and AIC Laboratories. The technology is supported by three U.S. Patents Granted, with one U.S. Patent Pending. Globe Protect has received several industry and EPA expert opinions supporting the effectiveness of our technology.
  • 13. EPA Certified Test Results Tests Result Excerpts by independent EPA certified laboratories demonstrating the effectiveness of Macrosound technology Element In Out Reduction Brackish  Ground Water Arsenic 6.7 ug/L ND* 100.00% Magnesium 13 mg/L ND* 100.00% Chloride 480 mg/L 100 mg/L 79.17% Sodium 330 mg/L 110 mg/L 66.67% Total Dissolved Solids 1400 mg/L 400 mg/L 71.43% Refinery Effluent Waste Water Boron 51,000 ug/L 280ug/L 99.46% Magnesium 19mg/L 4.4mg/L 76.85% Dissolved Organic Carbon 230mg/L 22mg/L 90.44% Total Organic Carbon 270mg/L 21mg/L 92.23 % Sewage Waste Water Fecal Coliform >1,600,000 mpn/100ml ND* 100.00% * ND = Non Detectable
  • 14. Macrosound Apparatus V-63 Pictured produces 500 gallons/min. at < 4.0 kWh
  • 15. Comparative Technology * Source EnergyBulletin.Net Macrosound Reverse Osmosis Other Water Tech. (Distillation, Ion Exch / Filtration) Energy Utilization 4.2 kWh/1k Gal = 1,370/AF – (saving of 76% over RO) 17.8 kWh/ 1k Gal = 5,800/AF (Large plant) 36.8 kWh/ 1k Gal = 12,000/AF (Small plant)* Significantly higher than MacroDynamics Fluid Treated at High pH and Temp. Yes No On limited basis Competitive Advantage Removal of chemicals and heavy metals with lower energy utilization and maintenance Elements smaller than water molecules will pass hence requiring further treatment. Distillation – cannot remove any elements with boiling point lower than water Portability Yes No Varies – limited production volume Percent Recovery 100% 43% 20% – 30 % - Distillation
  • 16. Milestones
    • 20 years of R&D successfully completed.
    • $2.5 million invested in initial seed and R&D money.
    • Four Patents (three granted, one pending) supporting process and apparatus for soil, water and sludge for the remediation bio hazard, pathogen, virus, heavy metals, and seawater desalination.  Oldest Patent is 2003, youngest is 2007 - 18 year Patents.
    • Four Beta machines in scaling sizes and throughput.  These machines are fully blue-printed and ready for production.
    • Over fifty independent EPA certified laboratory tests.
    • Five long term case studies, with supporting Letters of Recommendation from the operating mangers.
    • Expert management team with 60+ years in domestic and international water and waste water management experience at large municipal level.
    • A California municipality has requested a trial run of a Macrosound device in their wastewater treatment plant. It is anticipated that once a public entity formally utilizes and endorses Globe Protect technology, market demand will quickly follow.
    • A potential client has completed laboratory testing, and has now requested a Macrosound unit to deploy in the field for algae biofuel production.
  • 17. Management Team Scott Zeilinger – Principal, Chief Executive Officer Mr. Zeilinger spent ten years in the financial services industry, and for the past ten years has worked in the technology sector of Silicon Valley as a founding member of three technology companies. He has been intimately involved with the development of Macrosound and hydrodynamic cavitation technology for the past five years. Michael J. Skinner, CPA, JD, LLM - Principal, Chief Financial Officer Mr. Skinner has been involved with and served a number of companies in the areas of finance, operations, business development, and executive direction. For the past ten years Mr. Skinner has provided legal, human resource, financial, real estate, and business consultation services to early-stage companies. Guy Houston BS, MBA - Director of Business Development Mr. Houston served in the California State Legislature from 2002 thru 2008, recently terming out of office. While in the State Assembly, Mr. Houston worked closely with Governor Schwarzenegger in areas of public school funding and infrastructure. Mr. Houston authored legislation (AB 6 -2006) regarding the implementation of AB32, the landmark Greenhouse Gas Legislation in California. John Deneen BA, MS - Technical Director Mr. Deneen has twenty-five years experience in architecting, engineering, constructing and operating nuclear power plants. Mr. Deneen’s areas of emphasis include: multidisciplinary renewable energy portfolios including biomass, wind, geothermal, solar, hydro, and ocean technologies, with emphasis in water, wastewater, and CO2 issues.  
  • 18. Management Team Continued Hisam Baqai BS, M.Eng., MBA, PE - Chief Water Engineer Mr. Baqai possesses over thirty years in management and technical programs in Water Quality Management, Hazardous Waste Management, and Water Quality. Mr. Baqai both lectures and teaches in the water industry. Mr. Baqai previously served as the Managing Engineer for the California Regional Water Quality Control Board, Mr. Baqai served as the Chief, Regulation and Enforcement for the California Regional Water Quality Control Board, Santa Ana Region for six years. Lance J. Edling P.E. - Director Wastewater Engineering For six years, Mr. Edling acted as a project manager that managed numerous small and large construction projects for the US Navy. For the last five years, Mr. Edling has been focusing on environmental engineering projects in China. He has been a senior design engineer for many water and wastewater projects. Mr. Edling’s current expertise lies in industrial wastewater treatment design for heavy industries, such as steel mills, petrochemical facilities and automotive companies. Ken Lindsay - Director of Operations Mr. Lindsay was the founder and COO of Autotransfusion, Inc. At Autotranfusion Mr. Lindsay was responsible for all key financial and strategic decisions, overseeing all operations for all divisions of the organization. Mr. Lindsay’s leadership and vision regarding logistical and process-oriented results in the medical arena brought the company from a startup to a mature and financially sound operation generating revenues of over $4M per annum within only four years. Dan Hegglin B.S. - Director of Information Technology Mr. Hegglin has held senior management roles at a number of startup companies and also well established companies such as Cisco Systems, and Riverstone Networks, Inc. Mr. Hegglin has a strong track record in building development and support teams and delivering high quality products. He has architected, implemented, and managed critical technical infrastructure, including global Tier 1 customers, on a 24x7 basis.