[INFOGRAPHIC] Understanding Aphasia

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What is aphasia? Check out this educational infographic that fully explains the definition, types and symptoms of aphasia as well as the technology and resources available to those living with aphasia.

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[INFOGRAPHIC] Understanding Aphasia

  1. 1. Expressive (Broca’s) Aphasia: non-fluent I HAVE APHASIA HEAD INJURY STROKE The National Aphasia Association (NAA) defines Aphasia as, “an acquired communication disorder that impairs a person's ability to process language, but does not affect intelligence.” Aphasia is not a disease, but a symptom of brain damage that often results from: a·pha·sia /əˈfāZHə/ It is important to learn about all forms, as Aphasia can affect each person differently. Speech is effortful and it is hard to convey thoughts through writing. The client knows what they want to say, but cannot find the words. Receptive (Wernicke’s) Aphasia: fluent The client speaks fluently, but the words often do not make sense. It is hard to process (receive) spoken or written words as well. Anomic Aphasia It is hard to find/use the correct name for particular objects, people, places, or events. The word is always on the “tip of the tongue.” Global Aphasia The client cannot speak or understand speech, nor can they read or write. This is the most severe form of aphasia, typically seen right after injury to the brain. Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) The client has a language disorder that gets worse over time, but maintains ability to take care of themselves, pursue hobbies, and, in some instances, remain employed. PPA is a clinical dementia syndrome. New technologies have expanded communication opportunities for people with Aphasia Talking Picture Dictionary Phonemic Cues Text-to-Speech and Speech-to-Text e-books Key approaches to diagnosis and treatment include: Access to Community Services and Support Speech Therapy Multi-modal Treatment using multiple forms of communication (ex. gestures, pictures, sound) Technology Reading and Writing Therapy Language Reading Writing Auditory Processing (the ability to hear and understand language) Diagnosis: Assessment of: Treatment: Life Participation Approach to Aphasia Understanding Smartphones and tablet devices can help people with Aphasia better integrate into society by assisting with conversational communication Hobby/InterestVideo Call Access to Aphasia experts The National Aphasia Association encourages clients and family caregivers to form an experienced Aphasia care team that could include a: • Speech-Language Pathologist • Neurologist • Physiatrist • Occupational Therapist • Physical Therapist • Psychiatrist • Social Worker http://bit.ly/11mTKPU © 2013 Griswold International, LLC The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS): http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/aphasia/aphasia.htm#What_is Aphasia Simulations: http://aphasiacorner.com/aphasia-simulations/index.html American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA): http://www.asha.org/Members/ebp/compendium/guidelines/RCSLT-Clinical-Guidelines--5-12-Aphasia.htm The National Aphasia Association: http://www.aphasia.org/aphasia_community/where_to_find_health_professionals.html American Heart Association: http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aha/strokeconnection_2013spring/index.php?startid=18 BRAIN TUMOR INFECTION DEMENTIA Ischemic Stroke Blockage of blood vessels Hemorrhagic Stroke Rupture of blood vessels brought to you by: www.GriswoldHomeCare.com Sources: www.aphasia.org celebrating 25 years of service in partnership with Visit a national directory of Aphasia programs and treatment centers today:

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