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Chile Earthquake Reconstruction
 

Chile Earthquake Reconstruction

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  • House looks substantial, cosy and lovely - muy bueno - how about fitting a Chilean Amesti wood stove - we have just put one in in Mexico and it is super efficient and super clean burning ...
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    Chile Earthquake Reconstruction Chile Earthquake Reconstruction Presentation Transcript

    • Chile Earthquake Reconstruction
      Light Clay Straw
    • Ecoescuela El Manzano
    • Welcometo El Manzano, a small rural community in theBioBioregion of Chile.
    • Santiago
      Epicentre
      El Manzano
    • El Manzano has embarked on a mission to provide viable solutions for Chileno people;
    • to show how they can build their own permanent, earthquake proof housing with local materials, local labour, and
      at an affordable price. 
    • This is an update on our progress to design and build three 35 square metre houses for around US$5000 each.
    • We pick up the story at design time, with two young architects, Miguel our client and a bare site.
    • Angel & Santiago, twoyoungChileanPermacultureDesigners
    • AnemptysitewithEucalytptus round pole ready to go
    • Onsitewith Miguel havingdesignconversations
    • Sketching up thesite, taking GPS points
    • 1. Bathroom
      2. Kitchen
      3. Living
      4. Bedroom
      3
      2
      1
      4
      A simple 35m2 design emerges
    • Heavilybracedforearthquake
    • North Elevationshowingfewwindows
    • Angel explaingthedesign to Carlos, Juan…
    • and Jose whomake up the local constructionteam
    • Angel & Carlos translatingthedesignontotheground
    • Putting in thefoundations
      Reinforced concrete , chain of super adobe footing, compactedgravel and a cementflooron top
    • Thefirstholesgo in
    • Puttingthefoundations in place
    • Gravelunderthe footing
    • Makingthebracketsfortheposts
    • Weldingthebracketsforposts
    • Weldingthebracket to thesteel in cement footing
    • Preparingthemold
    • Mixforthefooting
    • Pouringthe footing
    • Finishingit off
    • Cement footing withsteelbracketfor post
    • Footingsready to go
    • gravelgoes in and compacted
    • Sand & 10% cementintothemixer
    • Pouring mix intotherecycledsacks
    • Jose sewingthesacksshut
    • Layingthefirstsacks
    • Positioningthesack
    • Compactingthesack
    • Recycledbarbedwirebetweensacks
    • Thelocalslend a fewhands
    • Foundations 3 sacksthick
    • Roundpole Post & Beam
      Eucalyptuscutgreenfromtheforest, endspainted to reduce cracking, workedmostlybychainsaw
    • Formingtheposts
    • shapingthe base of the post
    • Shapingthe base of the post
    • Juan cleansit up withtheaxe
    • Postsnumbered & ready to go
    • Threadingboltintothe post
    • Boltingthem up
    • Alltheposts up
    • Shapingthebeams
    • Onebyone
    • Thefirstbeamgoesontothe post
    • Beamsgoing up quickly
    • Teamwork
    • Beamsjoinedon post
    • Post fixings
    • Posts in place withchain of footing visible
    • Theraftersarrivefromtheforest
    • Markingtherafters
    • markingthebottomcutonrafter
    • firstraftersgo up
    • oops…in thewrong place
    • rafterontheend of thebeam
    • thehorsesleave
    • Juan fixingrafters
    • rafterson central beam
    • readyforthepurlins & roof
    • starting to look like a house
    • fixingthebracing
    • bracingbetweenposts
    • view of the diagonal bracing
    • quakeproof? Juan givesit a shake…
    • The Roof
      3 x 2 purlinontherafters, plywoodceiling to brace, sheets of zinc, experimental light claystrawinsulationcompactedintocavity
    • thefirstpurlingoes up
    • eachraftershapedindividually to takethepurlin
    • theceilinggoes up
    • readyforinsulation
    • mixingstraw and clay
    • mixitwell, gettingitjustright
    • perfect
    • up on to theroof, compactedintothecavity – a bit lowonthe r-value
    • onwiththe zinc, and vertical builderspaper…
    • thelastsheetgoes up beforenightfall
    • stoked at theend of theday
    • Walls
      Local smalldiameterpinus radiata, rough sawn 2x2 framing 25 cm wall
    • Miguel surveystheprogress a happy client
    • Finishedroof
      housereadyforthewalls, Oskararrives
    • Juan & Carlos putting up thewalls
    • ithappens in a flash
    • Oscar getsintoit
    • internalwallframing
    • finishingtouches to theframing
    • almostreadyfortheclaystraw
    • Oskarputtingthewindowframes in
    • final touches
    • Santiago reflectingonprogress
    • framingisready to go
    • Insulation
      Light claystraw. Straw cutfromthefarm, clayfromcollapsedhouses in Cabrero, non-load supporting
    • firstmoldsgoonreadyforthestraw
    • Oskarsetting up forthevolunteers
    • theteamarrives, allhandsondeck
    • mixingclay and straw, a slightsoaking
    • thecommunity pitches in
    • compactingstrawintothemolds
    • everybodygetsinvolved
    • …progressisrapid
    • satisfyingwork, gettingourhandsdirty
    • thesecondmoldgoeson
    • a handmadehouse
    • the rain startscoming, withtheroofonwe can workinside
    • secondhalf of Julyanother group of volunteers
    • this time more organised
    • with a bigteam & more experiencethingsgosmoothly
    • carefullyplacinghandfulls of straw and compacting
    • Santiago onquality control
    • Miguel getsinvolved
    • thenorthwallgoes up
    • theend of theday & rain startsagain
    • and thenprogressisslow
    • thesun comes out
    • The molds come off
    • thestrawbegins to dry
    • notclosed, butwarminside
    • easternwall
    • northwallwithwindowsintothekitchen
    • readyforthewindows and doors, and a fewcoats of stucco
    • Now at the final stages, the doors and windows are going in, and the first coats of stucco starting soon.
    • You can join us this summer of 2011 for a practical experience in bioconstructionand regenerative design.
    • www.ecoescuela.cl