Controling weeds - Eco Day GBFW14


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Weed Control in Cash Crops and New Organic Markets
Roger Rivest, Marketer, Keystone Grain

This presentation will show equipment used for weed control for organic cash cropping from pre planting to post harvest including: tine weeding, rotary hoeing, cultivating, harvesting equipment and settings.

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Controling weeds - Eco Day GBFW14

  1. 1. Controlling Weeds In Organic Cropping Systems Name of Presenter
  2. 2. Value of Organic >$2.2B organic sales in Canada (retail) $30B USA, $20B EU (2012 - US$) ~ 1.9% of total food sales (US) growing 10-20% per year limited sales in food service industry large potential growth market Canada imports 80-85% of organic consumption export 70-80% of Grain production (to USA, EU, Asia)
  3. 3. What is it? • A method of holistic & natural production • Organic farmers chose not to use synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, GMO (>36 months) • It is not old science or no science • It is not “do nothing” • Requires more management and knowledge, then required in conventional farming
  4. 4. What’s Not Permitted • genetically modified crops • synthetically produced pesticides and fertilizers • sewage sludge and municipal wastes • antibiotics, growth hormones • Industrial live stock barns
  5. 5. Philosophy • Organic systems rely on prevention rather than cure. – Promote, Holistic & natural systems to enhance production of crops. – Promote Alfalfa hay (red clover) – Compost, organic fertilizers, based on good soil test. • “If it is found in nature it can be broken down by nature”
  6. 6. Standards • National Standard of Canada for Organic Agriculture – Canadian Organic Regime – revised 2013 • Standards applied by certification bodies
  7. 7. Certification Marks
  8. 8. Certification Bodies • Certification bodies each have their own standard based on similar principles (IFOAM, CODEX, national standards, etc) • All major certification bodies in Canada are accredited to USDA National Organic Program (NOP) • COR - Certification of the production process and the product. • Can no longer certify the farm under new regulations
  9. 9. Organic Crops • Must have a good rotation • (Alfalfa hay, Corn, Soybeans, Wheat, or Cereals or Spelt) • Cultivate early spring – repeat @2 weeks • Plant late May – early June • Tine harrow before emergence • Tine harrow or rotary hoe after emergence • Row cultivate (2x) • Walk fields
  10. 10. Weeder harrow
  11. 11. Martin Weeder.MOV
  12. 12. Manufarm – 519-825-7354
  13. 13. Organic Soybeans 2012 Crop Year Roger Rivest
  14. 14. IFOAM criteria for organic inputs • Necessity. • Natural – mineral, plant, or animal origin • Low impact on the environment, including: environmental safety, degradability, acute toxicity to non-target organisms, long-term chronic toxicity, chemically synthesized products and heavy metals. • Human health. • Ethical aspects – animal welfare. • Socio-economic aspects.
  15. 15. Name of Presenter
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