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  • 1. Electroacupuncture versus morphine for the postoperative control pain in dogs By Grete Rämmal December 2011
  • 2.
    • Outline
    • Introduction
      • What is the aim of this research?
      • Why is this research important?
    • Methods
      • Who are in the study group?
      • How do these three treatments differ?
    • Results
      • What is the main result?
    • Discussion
    • Conclusion
    • References
  • 3. Introduction What is the aim of this research? To compare the postoperative` analgesic`` effects of electroacupuncture, morhine and sham acupuncture in dogs undergoing mastectomy``` Electroacupuncture Morphine Sham acupuncture `Postoperative - the period following a surgical operation ``Analgesic - pain reliefing ``` Mastectomy – surgical removal of all or part of the breast
  • 4.
    • Introduction
    • Why is this research important?
    • Mastectomy is a procedure that results pain after the surgery, which is usually treated with drugs and opiates`.
    • Most patients, who need mastectomy, are advanced in age, which can increase the adverse effects of conventional drugs used in analgesic therapy.
    `Opiate - a drug, which tending to induce sleep
  • 5.
    • Methods
    • Who are in the study group?
    • Thirty female cross-breed dogs, weight 11-16 kg.
    • Three treatment groups, with 10 dogs in each group.
  • 6.
    • Methods
    • How do these three treatments differ?
    • Pre-anesthetic medication for all dogs was intramuscular acepromazin`.
    `Acepromazin – drug, pre-anesthetic medication In “morphine” group, morphine was simultaneously administrated with acepromazine. In “electroacupuncture” group, electroacupuncture was applied 20 min before and was maintained throughout surgery. “ Sham-acupuncture” group received similar treatment to “electroacupuncture” group, but the needles were without electrical stimulation.
  • 7.
    • Results
    • There were no significant differences in pain scores among the procedures.
    • The rescue analgesia was the lowest in the “electroacupuncture” treatment group (2 of 10 dogs), compared to “morphine” treatment group (6 of 10 dogs) and “sham-acupuncture” treatment group (6 of 10 dogs).
    • The stimulation of specific acupoints provides superior analgesia when compared to the preventive administration of morphine and the use of sham acupuncture points.
  • 8.
    • Results
    • What is the main result?
    • This research proved less of a demand for supplementary postoperative analgesics in animals treated with electroacupuncture.
  • 9.
    • Conclusion
    • Electroacupuncture reduces the postoperative analgesic requirements and promotes satisfactory analgesia in dogs undergoing mastectomy.
  • 10.
    • References
    • Research performed at Veterinary Hospital, Department of Veterinary Surgery and Anestesiology, Scholl of Veterinary Medicine, Oeste Paulista University (UNOESTE), Presidente Prudente-SP, Brazil.
    • The research group: Hugo Higa Gakiya, Danielle Alves Silva, Juliano Gomes, Helaine Stevanin, Renata Navarro Cassu.
    • The journal: Acta Cirurgica Brasiliera – Vol 26 (5) 2011.
  • 11. Thank You for the attention I kindly answer any question You may have, via e-mail grete.rammal@gmail.com