Employee motivation is something we all want. I think it's safe to say that we would all agree that motivation is a good thing. It is commonly associated with several positive outcomes, including: (1) increased productivity, (2) higher profits, (3) a happier workforce, (4) more cohesive teams, and (5) reduced absenteeism and worker turnover. Fortunately, employee motivation is not a new topic and we can learn from the research, theories, and practices of the past. This presentation focuses on the early development of motivation theory as it relates to the field of management.