What is
Action Research?
Dr. Gregory S. Waddell
According to the experts . . .
it is . . .
“a cycle
“a cycle
of posing questions,
“a cycle
of posing questions,
gathering data,
“a cycle
of posing questions,
gathering data,
reflection,
Eileen Ferrance, "Action Research," Providence, RI: The Education
Alliance, 2000, available from
www.alliance.brown.edu/pu...
Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Problems," Journal of Social
Issues 2, no. 4 (1946): 34-46.
Kurt Lewin described i...
Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Problems," Journal of Social
Issues 2, no. 4 (1946): 34-46.
Kurt Lewin described i...
Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Problems," Journal of Social
Issues 2, no. 4 (1946): 34-46.
Kurt Lewin described i...
Learning Point Associates
(http://www.learningpt.org/)
define it as . . .
“Inquiry or
research in the
context of focused efforts to
improve the quality of an
organization and its
performance.”
It is a cyclical process …
P
Problem
You start out with a problem.
Design
D
P
Problem
You design a potential solution.
Design
D A
P
Problem
Action
You take action on your solution.
Design
D
R
A
P
Problem
Reflection
Action
You reflect on the results.
C
Design
D
R
A
P
Problem
Reflection
Action
Capture
You capture the learning.
C
Design
D
R
A
P
P
D A
R
C
Problem
Reflection
Action
Capture
Then, you repeat the process.
C
Design
D
R
A
P
P
D A
R
C
ProblemP
Reflection
Action
Capture
D A
R
C
P
Again and again …
First,
you need
a good
problem
A Good Problem is ...
A Good Problem is ...
A Good Problem is ...
A Good Problem is ...
A Good Problem Demands
A Good Problem Resists
A Good Problem Leads To . . .
A Good Problem Leads To . . .
Action Research
requires that we
REFRAME
the problem
by looking at
it in different
contexts
from different
perspectives
as a part of a larger
system
by making
comparisons
by
applying
the
problem
to
different
groups
As You Implement the Plan . . .
Control the progress
As You Implement the Plan . . .
Control the progress
Collect the data (evidence)
As You Implement the Plan . . .
Control the progress
Collect the data (evidence)
Present periodic reports
Another essential element of
Action Research is . . .
“A cycle of action and
reflection is the heart of
action learning.”
Tom Bourner, Alan Cooper and Linda France, "Action Lea...
Reflection is . . .
A process of entering into
“dialogue based on the data
collected and [being] guided by a
systemic fram...
What did we intend to do?
These questions are used by the U.S. Army for their After-Action
Reviews. Garvin, 2000, p. 107.
What actually happened?
Why did this happen?
What are we going to do
the next time?
Lastly, we need to capture
the learning
Information must
be captured and
then made
institutional--
Information must
be captured and
then made
institutional--
a process that
involves recording
and storing the
learning in a way that
is accessible to
others.
Information must
be capt...
In a nutshell . . .
Action Research
seeks to accomplish
two goals:
In a nutshell . . .
1. Stimulate Learning and
Action Research
seeks to accomplish
two goals:
In a nutshell . . .
1. Stimulate Learning and
2. Make a Difference.
Action Research
seeks to accomplish
two goals:
• Grate Dane and Chihuahua by unknown photographer (unknown to
me) http://www.bloggyaward.com/pets/great-dane/
• Texture w...
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What is Action Research?

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A brief definition and explanation of Action Research

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What is Action Research?

  1. 1. What is Action Research? Dr. Gregory S. Waddell
  2. 2. According to the experts . . . it is . . .
  3. 3. “a cycle
  4. 4. “a cycle of posing questions,
  5. 5. “a cycle of posing questions, gathering data,
  6. 6. “a cycle of posing questions, gathering data, reflection,
  7. 7. Eileen Ferrance, "Action Research," Providence, RI: The Education Alliance, 2000, available from www.alliance.brown.edu/pubs/themes_ed/act_research.pdf “a cycle of posing questions, gathering data, reflection, & deciding on a course of action.”
  8. 8. Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Problems," Journal of Social Issues 2, no. 4 (1946): 34-46. Kurt Lewin described it as a process of ... Planning
  9. 9. Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Problems," Journal of Social Issues 2, no. 4 (1946): 34-46. Kurt Lewin described it as a process of ... Planning Action,
  10. 10. Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Problems," Journal of Social Issues 2, no. 4 (1946): 34-46. Kurt Lewin described it as a process of ... Planning Action, and Searching
  11. 11. Learning Point Associates (http://www.learningpt.org/) define it as . . .
  12. 12. “Inquiry or research in the context of focused efforts to improve the quality of an organization and its performance.”
  13. 13. It is a cyclical process …
  14. 14. P Problem You start out with a problem.
  15. 15. Design D P Problem You design a potential solution.
  16. 16. Design D A P Problem Action You take action on your solution.
  17. 17. Design D R A P Problem Reflection Action You reflect on the results.
  18. 18. C Design D R A P Problem Reflection Action Capture You capture the learning.
  19. 19. C Design D R A P P D A R C Problem Reflection Action Capture Then, you repeat the process.
  20. 20. C Design D R A P P D A R C ProblemP Reflection Action Capture D A R C P Again and again …
  21. 21. First, you need a good problem
  22. 22. A Good Problem is ...
  23. 23. A Good Problem is ...
  24. 24. A Good Problem is ...
  25. 25. A Good Problem is ...
  26. 26. A Good Problem Demands
  27. 27. A Good Problem Resists
  28. 28. A Good Problem Leads To . . .
  29. 29. A Good Problem Leads To . . .
  30. 30. Action Research requires that we REFRAME the problem
  31. 31. by looking at it in different contexts
  32. 32. from different perspectives
  33. 33. as a part of a larger system
  34. 34. by making comparisons
  35. 35. by applying the problem to different groups
  36. 36. As You Implement the Plan . . . Control the progress
  37. 37. As You Implement the Plan . . . Control the progress Collect the data (evidence)
  38. 38. As You Implement the Plan . . . Control the progress Collect the data (evidence) Present periodic reports
  39. 39. Another essential element of Action Research is . . .
  40. 40. “A cycle of action and reflection is the heart of action learning.” Tom Bourner, Alan Cooper and Linda France, "Action Learning Across a University Community," Innovations in Education & Training International 37, no. 1 (2000): 2-9. available from Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed December 20, 2006).
  41. 41. Reflection is . . . A process of entering into “dialogue based on the data collected and [being] guided by a systemic framework to discover the root causes of the organization's problems.” Michael Beer, Russell A. Eisenstat and Burt Spector, "Why Change Programs Don't Produce Change," Harvard Business Review, November-December, 1990, 158-66; available from EBSCOhost.
  42. 42. What did we intend to do? These questions are used by the U.S. Army for their After-Action Reviews. Garvin, 2000, p. 107.
  43. 43. What actually happened?
  44. 44. Why did this happen?
  45. 45. What are we going to do the next time?
  46. 46. Lastly, we need to capture the learning
  47. 47. Information must be captured and then made institutional--
  48. 48. Information must be captured and then made institutional--
  49. 49. a process that involves recording and storing the learning in a way that is accessible to others. Information must be captured and then made institutional--
  50. 50. In a nutshell . . . Action Research seeks to accomplish two goals:
  51. 51. In a nutshell . . . 1. Stimulate Learning and Action Research seeks to accomplish two goals:
  52. 52. In a nutshell . . . 1. Stimulate Learning and 2. Make a Difference. Action Research seeks to accomplish two goals:
  53. 53. • Grate Dane and Chihuahua by unknown photographer (unknown to me) http://www.bloggyaward.com/pets/great-dane/ • Texture water: _MG_1662bi.jpg by somadjinn http://www.morguefile.com/archive/?display=170527& • Beautiful Spider Web http://www.eglobe1.com/index.php/2006/11/12/spider-web- after-rain/ • Window photos are my own • All other photos from Microsoft Clip art Office Online Credits For more information contact Dr. Waddell at . . . DrGregWaddell@gmail.com 901.581.5735
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