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What is
Action Research?
Dr. Greg Waddell

Copyright © Greg Waddell 2014-
According to the experts . . .

it is . . .
“a cycle
“a cycle
of posing questions,
“a cycle
of posing questions,
gathering data,
“a cycle
of posing questions,
gathering data,
reflection,
“a cycle
of posing questions,
gathering data,
reflection,
& deciding on a course
of action.”
Eileen Ferrance, "Action Rese...
Kurt Lewin described it as a process of ...

Planning

Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Problems," Journal of Socia...
Kurt Lewin described it as a process of ...

Planning
Action,

Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Problems," Journal ...
Kurt Lewin described it as a process of ...

Planning
Action,
and Searching
Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Proble...
Learning Point Associates
(http://www.learningpt.org/)
define it as . . .
“Inquiry or
research in the
context of focused efforts to
improve the quality of an
organization and its
performance.”
It is a cyclical process …
You start out with a problem.
Problem

P
You design a potential solution.
Problem
Design
D
P
You take action on your solution.

D
P

A

Problem
Design
Action
You reflect on the results.

D

A

P
R

Problem
Design
Action
Reflection
You capture the learning.

D

A

P
R
C

Problem
Design
Action
Reflection
Capture
Then, you repeat the process.

D
P

A

D

A

P
R
R

C
C

Problem
Design
Action
Reflection
Capture
Again and again …
P
D

A

P

D
P

A

D

A

P
R
R

C
C
C

R

Problem
Design
Action
Reflection
Capture
First,
you need
a good
problem
A Good Problem is ...
A Good Problem is ...
A Good Problem is ...
A Good Problem is ...
A Good Problem Demands
A Good Problem Resists
A Good Problem Leads To . . .
A Good Problem Leads To . . .
Action Research
requires that we

REFRAME
the problem
by looking at
it in different

contexts
from different

perspectives
as a part of a larger

system
by making
comparisons
by
applying
the
problem
to
different
groups
As You Implement the Plan . . .

Control the progress
As You Implement the Plan . . .

Control the progress
Collect the data (evidence)
As You Implement the Plan . . .

Control the progress
Collect the data (evidence)
Present periodic reports
Another essential element of
Action Research is . . .
“A cycle of action and
reflection is the heart of
action learning.”

Tom Bourner, Alan Cooper and Linda France, "Action Le...
Reflection is . . .
A process of entering into
“dialogue based on the data
collected and [being] guided by a
systemic fram...
What did we intend to do?

These questions are used by the U.S. Army for their After-Action
Reviews. Garvin, 2000, p. 107.
What actually happened?
Why did this happen?
What are we going to do
the next time?
Lastly, we need to capture
the learning
Information must
be captured and
then made
institutional--
Information must
be captured and
then made
institutional--
Information must
be captured and
then made
institutional--

a process that
involves recording
and storing the
learning in ...
In a nutshell . . .
Action Research
seeks to accomplish
two goals:
In a nutshell . . .
Action Research
seeks to accomplish
two goals:
1. Stimulate Learning and
In a nutshell . . .
Action Research
seeks to accomplish
two goals:
1. Stimulate Learning and

2. Make a Difference.
For more information
contact Dr. Waddell at . . .
Greg.Waddell@macuniversity.edu
901.581.5735
www.macuniversity.edu
• Grate Dane and Chihuahua by unknown photographer
(unknown to me)
http://www.bloggyaward.com/pets/great-dane/
• Texture w...
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What is Action Research?

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A brief definition and explanation of Action Research

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Transcript of "What is Action Research?"

  1. 1. What is Action Research? Dr. Greg Waddell Copyright © Greg Waddell 2014-
  2. 2. According to the experts . . . it is . . .
  3. 3. “a cycle
  4. 4. “a cycle of posing questions,
  5. 5. “a cycle of posing questions, gathering data,
  6. 6. “a cycle of posing questions, gathering data, reflection,
  7. 7. “a cycle of posing questions, gathering data, reflection, & deciding on a course of action.” Eileen Ferrance, "Action Research," Providence, RI: The Education Alliance, 2000, available from www.alliance.brown.edu/pubs/themes_ed/act_research.pdf
  8. 8. Kurt Lewin described it as a process of ... Planning Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Problems," Journal of Social Issues 2, no. 4 (1946): 34-46.
  9. 9. Kurt Lewin described it as a process of ... Planning Action, Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Problems," Journal of Social Issues 2, no. 4 (1946): 34-46.
  10. 10. Kurt Lewin described it as a process of ... Planning Action, and Searching Kurt Lewin, "Action Research & Minority Problems," Journal of Social Issues 2, no. 4 (1946): 34-46.
  11. 11. Learning Point Associates (http://www.learningpt.org/) define it as . . .
  12. 12. “Inquiry or research in the context of focused efforts to improve the quality of an organization and its performance.”
  13. 13. It is a cyclical process …
  14. 14. You start out with a problem. Problem P
  15. 15. You design a potential solution. Problem Design D P
  16. 16. You take action on your solution. D P A Problem Design Action
  17. 17. You reflect on the results. D A P R Problem Design Action Reflection
  18. 18. You capture the learning. D A P R C Problem Design Action Reflection Capture
  19. 19. Then, you repeat the process. D P A D A P R R C C Problem Design Action Reflection Capture
  20. 20. Again and again … P D A P D P A D A P R R C C C R Problem Design Action Reflection Capture
  21. 21. First, you need a good problem
  22. 22. A Good Problem is ...
  23. 23. A Good Problem is ...
  24. 24. A Good Problem is ...
  25. 25. A Good Problem is ...
  26. 26. A Good Problem Demands
  27. 27. A Good Problem Resists
  28. 28. A Good Problem Leads To . . .
  29. 29. A Good Problem Leads To . . .
  30. 30. Action Research requires that we REFRAME the problem
  31. 31. by looking at it in different contexts
  32. 32. from different perspectives
  33. 33. as a part of a larger system
  34. 34. by making comparisons
  35. 35. by applying the problem to different groups
  36. 36. As You Implement the Plan . . . Control the progress
  37. 37. As You Implement the Plan . . . Control the progress Collect the data (evidence)
  38. 38. As You Implement the Plan . . . Control the progress Collect the data (evidence) Present periodic reports
  39. 39. Another essential element of Action Research is . . .
  40. 40. “A cycle of action and reflection is the heart of action learning.” Tom Bourner, Alan Cooper and Linda France, "Action Learning Across a University Community," Innovations in Education & Training International 37, no. 1 (2000): 2-9. available from Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed December 20, 2006).
  41. 41. Reflection is . . . A process of entering into “dialogue based on the data collected and [being] guided by a systemic framework to discover the root causes of the organization's problems.” Michael Beer, Russell A. Eisenstat and Burt Spector, "Why Change Programs Don't Produce Change," Harvard Business Review, November-December, 1990, 158-66; available from EBSCOhost.
  42. 42. What did we intend to do? These questions are used by the U.S. Army for their After-Action Reviews. Garvin, 2000, p. 107.
  43. 43. What actually happened?
  44. 44. Why did this happen?
  45. 45. What are we going to do the next time?
  46. 46. Lastly, we need to capture the learning
  47. 47. Information must be captured and then made institutional--
  48. 48. Information must be captured and then made institutional--
  49. 49. Information must be captured and then made institutional-- a process that involves recording and storing the learning in a way that is accessible to others.
  50. 50. In a nutshell . . . Action Research seeks to accomplish two goals:
  51. 51. In a nutshell . . . Action Research seeks to accomplish two goals: 1. Stimulate Learning and
  52. 52. In a nutshell . . . Action Research seeks to accomplish two goals: 1. Stimulate Learning and 2. Make a Difference.
  53. 53. For more information contact Dr. Waddell at . . . Greg.Waddell@macuniversity.edu 901.581.5735 www.macuniversity.edu
  54. 54. • Grate Dane and Chihuahua by unknown photographer (unknown to me) http://www.bloggyaward.com/pets/great-dane/ • Texture water: _MG_1662bi.jpg by somadjinn http://www.morguefile.com/archive/?display=170527 & • Beautiful Spider Web http://www.eglobe1.com/index.php/2006/11/12/spid er-web-after-rain/ • Window photos are my own • All other photos from Microsoft Clip art Office Online Credits
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