The European Voyages and How the World Changes


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The European Voyages and How the World Changes

  1. 1. Greg Pinto
  2. 2. When Asia was the World Economy  This Asia-centered world economy had been taking shape since the rise of Islam in the seventh century.  Trade was done by Shipping mostly with Arabs.  Traders bought Chinese porcelain and silk in Canton and Malaysia. Europeans shipped Indonesian spices via the Red and Mediterranean seas.  Piracy was common, but manageable. Merchant groups, often organized on ethnic or religious lines, maintained insurance funds to ransom any members captured at sea.  Portuguese tried to take control of trading by blockade.  Portuguese ships dealt harshly with those whom they caught violating their monopoly--sinking ships, bombarding ports, and burning crops-they could not truly rule the ocean.
  3. 3. The Economic Cultures of Drugs  The fact is that historically, goods considered drugs, that is, products ingested, smoked, sniffed, or drunk to produce an altered state of being, have been central to exchange and consumption.  In the seventeenth century affluent people all over the world began to drink, smoke, and eat exotic plants that came from long distances. Coffee, tea, cocoa, tobacco, and sugar all became popular at roughly the same time. Both European and Asian consumers became addicted to these American, Asian, and African products
  4. 4. Aztec Trades  Spanish and the Portuguese immediately controlled their Trades.  The Europeans mind set was Indian were Inferior Race, so Aztecs were uninterested in European goods and the broader world.  The Aztecs trades occurred in Mesoamerica.  Bowls, knives, combs, blankets, and featherwork were their primary goods  Chocolate, Cacao, Gold, jaguar pelts, honey and rubber
  5. 5. Potatoes  The potato, "discovered" by Spanish soldiers in the Peruvian Andes in the 1550s.  Considered a second-class food even in its homeland, it had never made it north of Colombia.  Spanish sailors carried potatoes to the Philippines, In Asia, the same advantages that made potatoes popular.  China feed the growing population on potatoes.  Ireland and Russia were the first Europeans to live on potatoes.
  6. 6. Sweet Revolutions  Sweetness was a taste little known to mankind before the early modern period. Honey was the only natural sweetener and it was not in great or widespread supply. People had to rely on bland diets of gruel, or rice, or tortillas. Only seasonal fruits relieved the tedium.  Sugar began its march to global acceptance in the Far East or perhaps the South Pacific. A tall grass, it was first domesticated in India by 300 B.C., but spread slowly.  The Arabs were the first great sugar cultivators  A thousand years later it had reached China, Japan, and the Middle East.  Egyptian sugar was regarded as the world's finest.
  7. 7. Where There’s Smoke  Columbus had seen natives smoking the stuff on his first trip to what he thought was the easternmost extension of Asia's estate.  natives smoked, cooked, licked, ate, and snorted tobacco.  They offered tobacco to their gods  In Brazil, Tupinamba Indians smoked and then went "three or four days without eating anything anything,"  Tobacco plantations spread across the Virginia countryside, eating forests in their paths
  8. 8. Mocca is not Chocolate  Coffee originally came from the Middle East.  Europeans were slow to adopt the coffee habit for several reasons. ( Muslim drink, Turkish fashion of a very thick, hot, black unsweetened drink did not please European palates)
  9. 9. Chocolate  The cacao bean had been prized in Mesoamerica since before the time of Christ.  The Americas' first civilization, used cacao and in turn passed on the custom to the Maya.  Cacao was considered to be a stimulant, intoxicant, hallucinogen, and aphrodisiac.  Chocolate today is a sweet treat, a small indulgence.