History<br />1839. Eduard Simon, a German Apothecary isolated the substance from natural resin.<br />Wasn’t until Hermann Staudinger, a German organic chemist, discovered it was a plastic polymer.<br />1930. Scientists at BASF (BadischeAnilin & Soda-Fabrik) developed a way to commercially manufacture polystyrene.<br />1937. Dow Chemical company introduces polystyrene products to the United States.<br />(Bellis)<br />
History Continued.<br />Ray McIntire, Dow Scientist was the first to create a foamed polystyrene known as Styrofoam.<br />1954. Dow Chemical Company introduced Styrofoam products to the United States.<br />(Bellis)<br />
How it’s made.<br />Small spherical beads that contain an expanding agent are heated with steam, as the expanding agent boils, the beads soften and expand up to forty times their original size.<br />Expanded beads are left to cool down before being heated again. However, this time the beads are expanded within a mold.<br />The molds are designed in a variety of shapes depending on the desired end product.<br />(Bellis)<br />
Decomposition<br />Styrofoam takes 2,000 years to decompose.<br />Styrofoam products make up 0.25% of our nations average 547,945 tons of garbage per day<br />When Styrofoam does start to breakdown, it is slowly releasing toxins into the soil beneath it.<br />Resists water moisture which is why it’s so hard to breakdown.<br />(Oprah)<br />
Burning<br />Burning Styrofoam releases over 90 different hazardous chemicals into the air.<br />The vapors, though controllable, are often not controlled and released into the air outside of the incineration plant.<br />DO NOT BURN STYROFOAM.<br />(Not Even Once)<br />(Trotts)<br />
Recycling<br />4 commercial recycling plants in Michigan.<br />Dart Container Corporation: 432 HogsbackRoad, Mason MI is the nearest.<br />May be smaller recycling plants nearby which collect Styrofoam and will bring it all to a larger one.<br />What happens at the plant: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hvHuX32_--g&feature=player_embedded#at=17<br />(Trotts)<br />
Reuse.<br />Foam insulation can be ground up and made into bean-bag chairs as well as used as packaging filler.<br />Though the cups are flimsy and can really only be drank out of once, they can be rinsed out and used for elementary science activates such as planting seedlings among other things.<br />(Spangler)<br />
Reduce continued…<br />Buy eggs in recycled paper cartons<br />Use ceramic, plastic or paper cups<br />Sit down at restaurants instead of ordering takeout. Finish all your food (order less) so you don’t have to take any home.<br />Use Acetone: Link to compact it into smaller amounts<br />(Spangler)<br />
Works Cited<br />Bellis, Mary. "Invention of Polystyrene and Styrofoam." Inventors. 18 Mar. 2008. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. <http://inventors.about.com/od/pstartinventions/a/styrofoam.htm>.<br />Oprah. "Global Warming 101 - Oprah.com." Oprah Winfrey's Official Website - Live Your Best Life - Oprah.com. 27 Oct. 2005. Web. 19 Apr. 2011. <http://www.oprah.com/oprahshow/Global-Warming-101/9>.<br />Spangler, Steve. "How to Reduce, Reuse & Recycle Styrofoam | Steve Spangler's Blog." Making Science Fun | Official Blog for Steve Spangler. 24 Aug. 2010. Web. 19 Apr. 2011.http://www.stevespangler.com/experiment-of-the-week/how-to-reduce-reuse-recycle-styrofoam/.<br />Trotts, Mel. "Styrofoam Recycling in MICHIGAN - Styrofoam Recycle." Styrofoam Recycling Services, Centers, Companies & Information. 3 Apr. 2009. Web. 19 Apr. 2011.http://styrofoam.recycle4recycling.com/category/michigan.<br />
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