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The international movement to Clean Production


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Por Beverley Thorpe …

Por Beverley Thorpe
Clean Production Action

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  • 1. The international movement to Clean Production Beverley Thorpe Clean Production Action Sept 30, 2009
  • 2.
    • From ‘dilution is the solution’ for industrial hazardous pollution…
  • 3. To end of pipe technologies for ‘treatment’ of hazardous waste…
  • 4. To pollution prevention at source
  • 5. US Pollution Prevention Act 1990
    • Pollution prevention or source reduction is any practice which reduces the amount of any hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant entering any waste stream or otherwise released into the environment (including fugitive emissions) prior to recycling, treatment, or disposal…
  • 6. Some Lessons along the way. 1986
    • A review of 29 chemical companies in the USA by the research group INFORM in 1986 showed that:
    • less than 1% of companies had any waste reduction initiatives at all
    • any efforts to reduce waste was caused by regulations
    • not one company had done a waste audit and not one company knew how much waste they produced in total
    • The researchers found up to 80 percent of emissions could be avoided.
  • 7. Recommendations
    • Political action was necessary
    • The government needed to close cheap disposal options
    • The companies needed to accept increased liability
    • The public needed more access to information about emissions from each company
    • Companies needed to set timelines and goals to reduce their waste generation
  • 8. Chemical Audits and Public Access to Information grow in popularity:
    • Bienvenido a
    • Página Principal
    • Acerca de los PRTR
    • Fondo documental PRTR
    • Técnicas de Estimación
    • Centro de datos PRTR
    • Clase Virtual sobre PRTR
    • Agenda, eventos y noticias
    • Enlaces PRTR
    • Otros enlaces de interés
    • Preguntas más Frecuentes (FAQ)
    • Contacte con nosotros
    • Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTR)
  • 9.
    • Agenda 21 of the Rio Declaration (1992) and World Summit on Sustainable Development (2002) :--
    • “ Governments should adopt policies and measures to identify, and minimize exposure to toxic chemicals by replacing them with less toxic substitutes”
    • HOW?
    • promotion of the use of cleaner products and technologies
    • emission inventories
    • product labeling
    • economic incentives
    • Training for small and medium scale companies
    • phasing out or banning toxic chemicals and those that are toxic, persistent and bio-accumulative
  • 10.
    • National Cleaner Production Centres established to provide expertise:
    • conserving raw materials and energy
    • eliminating toxic raw materials
    • reducing the quantity and toxicity of all emissions and wastes before they leave a process.
    1990 UNEP/UNIDO Clean Production Programme established
  • 11. La Producción más Limpia permite: El ahorro de materias primas, agua y energía. La eliminación, reducción y/o sustitución de materias peligrosas. La reducción de cantidad y peligrosidad de los residuos y las emisiones contaminantes.
  • 12. Estudios: Sectoriales El estudio, aplicable a los procesos de curtido de piel de origen ovino y bovino, tiene como objetivo proporcionar a los industriales y/o expertos del sector un documento sencillo y de fácil manejo en el que se identifican las principales oportunidades de prevención de la contaminación y de optimización de los procesos productivos. El estudio presenta también una visión de conjunto sobre el sector en cada uno de los países del Plan de Acción para el Mediterráneo. Idiomas disponibles: inglés , francés y castellano (pdf)
  • 13. Companies must now meet increasing demand for toxic-free products
    • New European chemicals legislation has focus on eliminating highly hazardous chemicals
    • Consumers and Institutional purchasers demanding safer products and chemicals
    • Global Retailers now demanding more accountability in their supply chain
    • or
    Toy makers and retailers are responding to recalls by adding new product testing in factories
  • 14. Wal-Mart now setting goals.. CPA Feb 12/13 2008
  • 15. Wal-Mart has developed a chemicals screen to stimulate competition among their suppliers: GreenWercs CPA Feb 12/13 2008
  • 16. CPA Feb 12/13 2008
  • 17. Chemical Strategies of Business Leaders
    • Identify all chemicals in products and processes
    • Assess hazards posed by the chemicals
    • Eliminate high hazard chemicals
    • Strive for green chemicals & sustainable materials
    • Commit to product re-design
    • Take responsibility for products from cradle-to-cradle
    • Adopt internal chemical policies
    • Public support for legislative and policy reform
    Changing Policy Producing more Sustainable Products Taking Chemical Action
  • 18. Example: Chemical Restriction List – All Suppliers Must Comply
    • Flame retardants (PBDEs)
    • Formaldehyde
    • Phthalates (DEHP)
    • Chromium
    • Lead
    • Cadmium, Mercury, Nickel
    • PVC
    • Organotins
    • Bisphenol A
    • Perfluorinated substances
    CPA Feb 12/13 2008
  • 19. Taking Responsibility for Products from Cradle-to-Cradle
    • Present restricted substance list (170+) to suppliers and:
      • required testing procedures & recommended labs
      • requirement to share list with dye mills, print mills, tanneries & chemical manufacturers
    • H&M chemists assess likely chemicals to be in a product
    • H&M performs random testing of products
    • Suppliers pay for the tests ($1.75 million/year)
    Supply Chain Management CPA Feb 12/13 2008
  • 20. Demand for clean production is accelerating
  • 21. Thank you for listening
    • Beverley Thorpe
    • International Director
    • Clean Production Action
    • [email_address]
    • +1 514 933 4596