Pronombres de complemento directoPresentation Transcript
GRAM Á TICA Direct Object Pronouns (pronombres de complemento directo)
What is a direct object ? The object that directly receives the action of the verb is called the direct object . Bill hit the ball . “ Ball” receives the action of the verb “hit.” Sherry reads the book . “ Book” receives the action of the verb “read.” Jenny hit Bill . DO = Bill The direct object can also be a person.
What is a direct object ? (continued) The direct object answers the question “what?” or “whom? ” with regard to what the subject of the sentence is doing. Bill hit the ball. Bill hit what? Bill hit the ball . DO = ball
Jenny hit Bill.
Jenny hit whom?
Jenny hit Bill .
DO = Bill
Using direct object pronouns Often, it is desirable to replace the name of the direct object with a pronoun. Paul bought the flowers . He took the flowers home and gave the flowers to his wife. Paul bought the flowers . He took them home and gave them to his wife. In the second example, “flowers” has been replaced with the direct object pronoun “them”.
Direct Object Pronouns When the pronoun replaces the name of the direct object, use the following pronouns: me te lo la nos los las them you (pl.) him her it you (form.) you (fam.) us me
Vamos a practicar- Direct Object Pronouns Which direct object pronoun would you use to talk about the following things? 1. el vestido 5. t ú 2. los libros 6. ellas 3. las plumas 7. los refrescos 4. Julia, Paco y yo 8. la fruta lo los las nos te las los la
Direct Object Pronouns (continued) In a statement with one verb, the direct object pronoun comes immediately before the conjugated verb. Tengo = I have Tengo la pluma. = I have the pen. La tengo. = I have it. The pronoun (la) comes immediately before the verb (tengo) . Tengo = I have Tengo la comida. = I have the food. La tengo. = I have it. The pronoun (la) comes immediately before the verb (tengo) .
Notice that if the subject of the sentence changes, this does not affect the direct object pronoun. Juan la tiene. Juan tiene la pluma. = John has the pen. Juan la tiene. = John has it. Sara la tiene. Sara tiene la pluma. = Sara has the pen. Sara la tiene. = Sara has it. Direct Object Pronouns (continued) However, if the direct object of the sentence changes to a masculine noun, the masculine pronoun must be used. Juan lo tiene. Juan tiene el libro. = John has the book. Juan lo tiene. = John has it. Likewise, if the direct object of the sentence changes from singular to plural, the plural pronoun must be used.
Vamos a practicar- Direct Object Pronouns
É l tiene la chaqueta .
Marta necesita los cuadernos .
Yo leo el peri ódico .
Tú compras los zapatos .
Nosotros comemos las hamburguesas .
Ustedes tienen la revista .
Rewrite the sentence replacing the underlined word with its direct object pronoun. EX: Yo como la sopa . Yo la como. É l la tiene. Ella los necesita . Yo lo leo . Tú los compras. Nosotros las comemos Ustedes la tienen .
Vamos a practicar- More Direct Object Pronouns Rewrite the sentence in Spanish. Be sure to replace the underlined word with its direct object pronoun. EX: She eats the pizza Ella la come.
You (form.) have the backpack .
Sara needs the ruler .
We read the books .
He buys the car .
I have the sandals.
You (fam.). wash the dishes .
Usted la tiene. Sara la necesita. Nosotros los leemos. Él lo compra. Yo las tengo. Tú los lavas.