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    Verbs Verbs Presentation Transcript

    • Parts of Speech Verbs Sam An Teng January 2014 Copyright © All rights reserved.
    • What is Verbs? • Verbs are the words that tell actions or states of being. For examples, – I read a book. [ "read" shows the action. ] – They are playing football. [ "are playing" shows action.] – He looks happy. ["look" shows state of being happy. ] – Mary is beautiful. [ "Mary" shows state of being beautiful]
    • Kinds of Verbs • There are two main types of verbs: action verbs (verbs that show the actions), state verbs (verbs that shows state of being or link subject and predicate). [1] Actions verbs • Action verbs, also called dynamic verbs, show actions or performance of actions such as hit, walk, explode, write, fight, teach, run, … For examples, – He walks to school everyday. – She eats ice cream.
    • Kinds of Verbs • [2] State verbs • State verbs, also called linking verbs, show state of being rather than actions. They show the state of being, emotion, the senses, thoughts, measurement, and possession; as,, be*, equal, exist, look*, look like*, resemble, seem, sound, appreciate, amaze, astonish, car e, dislike, envy, fear, hate, like, love, mind, please, prefer,, hear , see* , smell* , taste*, believe, desire, know, remember, cost*… • For examples, – He looks tired. – They own a house.
    • Roles of Verbs in Sentences Verbs can be divided according to the job they do in a sentence; therefore, they are classified as: • Finite verbs, • Infinite verbs, and • Helping verbs.
    • Roles of Verbs in Sentences [1] Finite verbs • Finite verb is a verb form that distinguishes person, number, and tense, and also mood or voice. The finite verbs could be transitive, intransitive, or linking verbs. Transitive verbs • Transitive verb is the verbs that needs object, like eat, write, drink, phone.... • For examples, – He wrote a letter. – She does her homework.
    • Roles of Verbs in Sentences [1] Finite verbs Intransitive verbs • Transitive verb is the verbs that does not need object, like smile, run, laugh, cry…. For examples, – The baby smiled at us. – He runs so quick. Linking verbs • Linking verbs (also called copula verbs or state verbs) are verbs that do not show action. They link the subjects to the complement. (Please see the state verbs above.)
    • Roles of Verbs in Sentences [2] Non-finite verbs • a verb form that does not indicate person or number; they (also called verbals) are gerund, infinitive, and participles. Infinitives • Infinitive is a verb form (to + verb) that is used as a noun, adjective, or adverb. For examples, – To forgive is the best form of revenge. (Noun) – He has money to buy a new phone. (Adjective) – She will realize her plan to study abroad. (Adjective) – The test was difficult to do. (Adverb) – She writes to complaint about the product. (Adverb)
    • Roles of Verbs in Sentences [2] Non-finite verbs Gerunds • Gerund is a verb form (verb-ing) that is used as a noun. For examples, – Trying hard is a great value. – Swimming is my favourite. Participles • Participle is a verb form (either ends in -ed or -ing) that is used as an adjective or complement. For examples, – The book is interesting. – He is interested in it.
    • Roles of Verbs in Sentences [3] Helping verbs • A helping verb is used with main verb to express distinctions of number, tense, aspect, and mood. There are three types of helping verbs; as. Primary auxiliary verbs • Primary auxiliary verbs are BE, HAVE, and DO. For examples, – She is playing piano. – He has studied there for 3 years. – Do you like coffee? – He didn’t finish his homework.
    • Roles of Verbs in Sentences [3] Helping verbs Semi-modal auxiliary verbs • Semi-modal auxiliary verbs are NEED, DARE, and USED TO. For examples, – He used to smoke a lot. – She used to be a teacher. – He need not take his car. – They need not buy this dress. – How dare you talk to your boss like that! – She dare not discuss with her father.
    • Roles of Verbs in Sentences [3] Helping verbs Modal verbs • Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs that are used to express modality. They are: CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, SHALL, SHOULD, OUGHT TO, WILL, WOULD, and MUST. For examples, – Can you speak English? [ability] – May I open the window? [permission]
    • Related Topics: • • • • Nouns Pronouns Verbs Adjectives • • • • Adverbs Conjunctions Prepositions Interjections My Blogs: • To read more free lessons, please click the links below: – http://grammarkit.blogspot.com – http://thewindlike.blogspot.com
    • MY BOOKS ON KINDLE STORE Grammar & Composition: Parts of Speech in English English Grammar: The Verb Tenses Phrases and Clauses in English Short stories: He Deserves! Sympathy and Love http://grammarkit.blogspot.com/p/bookstore.html