Sentence structures
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Sentence structures

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Sentence is a group of words which has at least one subject and one verb. There are four sentence structures: ...

Sentence is a group of words which has at least one subject and one verb. There are four sentence structures:
- Simple sentence,
- Compound sentence,
- Complex sentence, and
- Compound- complex sentence.

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  • 1. Grammar for Writing SENTENCES Sam An Teng August 2013 Copyright © All rights reserved.
  • 2. What is Sentence? • Sentence is a group of words which has at least one subject and one verb. It starts with a capital letter and finishes with an ending punctuation. It expresses a complete thoughts. – He is a news reporter. – What do you like? – What a lovely day! • But the groups of words below are not sentences: – At school (Prepositional phrase) – A handsome man (Noun phrase) – Who lives next to my house (Clause)
  • 3. Sentence Structures • There are four sentence structures: – Simple sentence, – Compound sentence, – Complex sentence, and – Compound- complex sentence. • There are two types of clauses: – Independent clause – is also called main clause, or principal clause. – Dependent clause – is also called sub-clause.
  • 4. [1] Simple sentences • Simple sentence has one independent clause. – The boy is reading. – He loves teaching. – My father told me a story. – Kolab is an experienced speaker. – The car looks nice. – We elected him team leader. – He painted his house red. – The children laughed happily. – The boy writes with left hand.
  • 5. [2] Compound sentences • Compound sentence has one or more independent clauses joined by a semi-colon, a coordinating conjunction, or a conjunctive adverb. – I arrived late; I missed the first class. – The students want to pass the course; they study hard. – It rained heavily last night, so the road was flooded. – I went to bed early last night, for I was too tired. – You have to get up early; otherwise, you will be late for your exam. – The officials denied the report; moreover, they refused to comment.
  • 6. [3] Complex sentences • Complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. – I will change my laptop when I have enough money. – If you are drunk, don't drive. – I will call you after I get home. – We have to get thing ready before our boss arrives. – If you fail your exam which is arranged only twice a year, you have to wait another six months.
  • 7. [4] Compound-complex sentences • Compound-complex sentence has two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. – I don't know the solution that best solve the situation, and nobody else can give advice. – Some students do not study hard, but when they fail, they always make complaints about the school. – We have got many problems which is related to our supply chain, and our customers have made a lot of complaints. – While Tom reads novels, Jack reads comics, but Sam only reads magazines.
  • 8. Related Topics: • Sentences • Simple Sentence • Compound Sentence • Complex Sentence • Compound-complex Sentence • To read more free lessons, please click the links below: – http://grammarkit.blogspot.com – http://thewindlike.blogspot.com My Blogs:
  • 9. MY BOOKS ON KINDLE STORE Grammar & Composition: Parts of Speech in English English Grammar: The Verb Tenses Phrases and Clauses in English Short stories: He Deserves! Sympathy and Love http://grammarkit.blogspot.com/p/bookstore.html