ISO 50001 & SEP Practitioners Guide


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A public work I developed while under contract with UL to build and operate their Sustainability and energy Practice across the US, global offices and management consultant base.

Created as a management consulting tool for "C" Suite executives to guide in strategy development, launch, operation, and assessment of internal programs controlling all forms of energy, behavioral or engineering based projects.

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ISO 50001 & SEP Practitioners Guide

  1. 1. A Practitioner’s Guide 1Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS ► 1 Introduction Energy Management System (EnMS) Practitioner’s Guide 2 ► 2 ISO in brief 3 ► 3 What is ISO 50001? 4 ► 3 ISO Task Force Recommendation 5 ► 4 Background 6 ► 5 Origins of ISO 50001: 2011 7 ► 6 Why an Energy Management Standard? 8 ► 7 Energy Management Systems as Business Drivers 9 ► 8 Statistics on energy savings from 10 ► 9 How to use the ISO 50001 EnMS Practitioner’s Guide 11 ► 10 How Do I Start? - Guide from 12 ► 11 Energy Management System Requirements 17 4.1 General Requirements 17 4.2 Management Responsibility 18 4.3 Energy Policy 20 4.4 Energy Planning 22 4.5 Implementation and Operation 29 4.6 Checking 35 4.7 Management Review 39 ► 12 UL DQS Sample Certificate for ISO 50001:2011 41 ► 13 Correspondence between ISO 50001:2011, ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004 and ISO 22000:2005 43 ► 14 References 46 ► 15 Acronyms and Definitions 47 ► 16 Contact UL DQS Inc. 48Proprietary NoticeThis document contains proprietary information of UL DQS Inc. In receipt of this document, the recipient agrees to not reproduce or otherwise disclosethis information to any person outside the group directly responsible for evaluation of its contents, except that there is no obligation to maintain theconfidentiality of any information which was known to the recipient prior to receipt of such information from UL DQS Inc., or becomes publicly knownthrough no fault of recipient, from UL DQS Inc., or is received without obligation of confidentiality from a third party owing no obligation of confidentialityto UL DQS Inc. 1 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  3. 3. 1 INTRODUCTION ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EnMS) PRACTITIONER’S GUIDE “ All societies require energy to meet basic human needs (e.g., lighting, material processing, space Reducing energy use and increasing comfort, mobility and communication) and to serve energy efficiency is a proven strategy productive processes. Since 1859, global use of fossil for cutting and controlling costs with fuels (coal, oil and gas) has increased, leading to rapid good returns. growth in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.1 In order for industry to make significant gains in EPA, 2011 energy efficiency, there must be greater awareness and knowledge sharing about programs, resources Energy management, a topic once “owned” by and practical methods that can help industrial plants environmentalists, is increasingly one that ranks identify, develop and document energy efficiency/ as “urgent” by senior executives from various intensity improvements. Historically, energy saving industries. There has been a significant shift in efforts have been delegated to plant engineers, business attitudes globally regarding climate change frequently with assistance from consultants or and energy. Companies are beginning to identify the suppliers with highly specialized technical skills, true costs of carbon-centric energy consumption often one project at a time. Quantifying results and patterns. This congruence of concerns around cost, measuring progress relies heavily on the presence supply, reliability and environmental impacts of the of individual energy efficiency “champions” within a energy needed to sustain our economies and way of company and their access to consultants or suppliers. life are increasingly influencing business and planet Drawbacks to this approach are that achievements decisions at the highest levels.11 are often not well understood by those without specialized expertise, replication occurs slowly in As a result of this rapid change in perceptions, the market, not a risk based approach over time, and corporate America has reached a tipping point, with benefits (ROI) may disappear if the champion leaves companies across a host of industries now making the the company or is relocated. cost, availability and environmental impact of their end-to-end energy consumption a strategic priority. Energy is an operational expense that has a direct They are now frequently viewing energy management impact on profitability. While the old business as a form of risk management. What once was model says, “It is a cost of doing business,” the managed as a cost is increasingly being managed as implementation of an EnMS replaces this model a strategic risk – and as a source of new value and with, “How can we be more cost-effective in energy opportunities. performance, efficiency and service?”The bottom line — good energy management is good business, and adopting an energy managementstrategy is a business decision you cannot afford to ignore. EPA, 2011 2 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  4. 4. 2 ISO IN BRIEF The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has a membership of some 160 national standards bodies from countries large and small, industrialized, developing and in transition, in all “ regions of the world. ISO’s portfolio of over 18,600 standards provide business, government and society with practical and vetted tools for all three ISO 50001 is based on the ISO dimensions of sustainable development: economic, management system model familiar environmental and social. ISO standards make a positive contribution to the world we live in. They to more than a million organizations facilitate trade, spread knowledge, disseminate worldwide who implement standards innovative advances in technology, and share good such as ISO 9001 (quality management), ISO 14001 management and conformity assessment practices. (environmental management), ISO 22000 (food safety), ISO standards provide solutions and achieve benefits ISO/IEC 27001 (information security). In particular, ISO for almost all sectors of activity, including agriculture, construction, mechanical engineering, manufacturing, 50001 follows the Plan-Do-Check-Act process for continual distribution, transport, medical devices, information improvement of the energy management system. and communication technologies, the environment, energy, quality management, conformity assessment These characteristics enable organizations to integrate and services. ISO only develops standards for which energy management now with their overall efforts to improve there is a clear market requirement. The work is quality, environmental management and other challenges carried out by experts in the subject drawn directly addressed by their management systems. from the industrial, technical and business sectors that have identified the need for the standard, and which subsequently put the standard to use. These ISO 50001 provides a framework of requirements enabling experts may be joined by others with relevant organizations to: knowledge, such as representatives of government ● Develop a policy for more efficient use of energy agencies, testing laboratories, consumer associations ● Fix targets and objectives to meet the policy and academia, and by international governmental ● Use data to better understand and make decisions and nongovernmental organizations.17 concerning energy use and consumption ● Measure the results ● Review the effectiveness of the policy ● Continually improve energy management. ISO 50001 can be implemented individually or integrated with other management system standards.” ISO, 2011An ISO International Standard represents a global consensuson the state of the art in the subject of that standard. ISO, 2011 3 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  5. 5. 3 WHAT IS ISO 50001?ISO 50001:2011 is an ISO standard that specifies The EnMS applies to all variables affecting energyrequirements for establishing, implementing, performance that can be monitored and influencedmaintaining and improving an energy management by the organization. ISO 50001 does not prescribesystem, whose purpose is to enable an organization to specific performance criteria with respect to energy,follow a systematic approach in achieving continual i.e. 10% savings. The ISO 50001 standard for energyimprovement of energy performance, including: management systems has been designed to be usedenergy efficiency, energy use and consumption. independently, but it can be aligned or integratedIt specifies requirements applicable to energy with other management systems. It is applicable touse and consumption, including measurement, any organization, building, or manufacturing processdocumentation and reporting, design and that wishes to ensure its conformity to its statedprocurement practices for equipment, systems, energy policy and wishes to demonstrate this toprocesses and personnel that contribute to energy others. Such conformity can be confirmed by meansperformance. of self-evaluation and self-declaration of conformity or by certification of the energy management system by an external organization.8 4 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  6. 6. ISO TASK FORCE RECOMMENDATION“ National energy management standards have been developed and are in use in various countries, resulting already in significant savings in energy consumption and reductions in GHG emissions. Regional and national standards development is underway in Europe, China, USA and other countries. The increasing interest in this field and the explicit requests received by ISO, have led the Technical mangement Board (TMB) to already address the matter and the Task Force recommends that ISO moves forward expeditiously.” International Energy Agency, 2009 5 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  7. 7. 4 BACKGROUNDThere is a long history to the development of energy These countries include Denmark, Ireland, China,management. The American standard on energy Korea, Japan, Spain, Thailand, Germany, Sweden,management was the first voluntary standard United Kingdom, leading to a ground swell of energypublished in 2000. The stakeholder process was management standards that were developed or are inexpanded to include Italy, Germany and Switzerland the process of being developed by each country. Thisin 2005. These discussions continued and further includes the US version “Management System forexpanded in 2006 with Ireland, China, and Korea. In Energy” (MSE).2007, through an expert meeting hosted by UNIDOin March a resolution was issued that indicated an Energy issues are globally recognized to be a pertinentInternational Standard should be established. This concern. Energy management today is a businessresolution was reviewed by the US experts and work decision to reduce per unit consumption whichbegan on proposal begun. UNIDO is the United affects operational costs, quality, productivity andNations’ specialized industrial agency, mandated to GHG emissions by reducing their carbon footprint.promote industrial development and international To support this purpose, ISO 50001:2011 has beenindustrial cooperation.9 developed with a persuasive energy management philosophy.Industrial energy use represents more than one-thirdof both global primary energy and energy related EnMS offers a systematic and structured approach tocarbon-dioxide emissions. For developing countries, identify, measure, and manage critical energy inputsthis is often in excess of 50% of the total and can to our workplace. This approach includes dissectionproduce supply problems. Developing economies of energy quality in order to prioritize and improvelead growth in both industrial energy use and carbon- an organization’s energy performance. The standardrelated emissions. is flexible, fitting any size or type of organization, manufacturing, or service industry. It provides a builtIn industry, a missed opportunity for energy efficiency in mechanism for continual improvement of energymay not reoccur- for decades or at all until the original management.installation fails or becomes obsolete.Many countries have developed energy managementsystem standards or other types of national programsto help their industry. ► INTEGRATION OF EnMS Please refer to reference number 6. 6 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  8. 8. 5 ORIGINS OF ISO 50001: 2011 ► ISO 50001 TIMELINEISO 50001 was formally released June 14, 2011 7 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  9. 9. 6 WHY AN ENERGY MANAGEMENT STANDARD?Most energy efficiency is achieved through changes ● Leverages existing continual improvementin how energy is managed in an industrial facility, processesa LEED certified Green Building or manufacturing ● Develops a baseline of energy useprocess, rather than through installation of new ● Actively manages energy use and coststechnologies. An energy management standard, such ● Reduce emissions without a negative impactas ISO 50001, provides a tool for integrating energy on operationsefficiency into existing organizational management ● Continual improvement of energy use versussystems for continuous improvement. Companies product output over timewho have voluntarily adopted an energy management ● Potential for savings to be used for emissionplan (a central feature of an EnMS) have achieved creditsmajor energy intensity and use improvements. It In addition, most countries offer financial incentivesis also applicable to commercial, institutional, and for compliance, usually as part of a target-settingtransportation sectors. All existing and planned agreement, provide training on standards complianceenergy management standards are compatible with and provide opportunities for companies to networkISO 9001 and ISO 14001. and learn from each other. Several countries alsoThere are many benefits to an organization for offer system optimization training.implementing an EnMS: The end product of the EnMS standard is to provide ● Broad applicability measureable results. Improvements are achieved in ● Applies to all sectors of business changes to how energy is managed. Organizations ● Applies to all sizes of organizations who have adopted energy management plans have“ ● Leverages existing management systems achieved major improvements. The value of strong energy management as a proxy for overall organizational management is increasingly recognized by financial analysts., 2011 ► MOST IMPORTANT ASPECTS OF AN EnMS Please refer to reference number 6. 8 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  10. 10. 7 ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AS BUSINESS DRIVERSManagement Systems favor shareholder value by ● It reduces carbon control investment anddriving ROI (Return On Investment). Thus, it is always alternatives without negative effects onadvantageous for any organization implementing because: ● Provides continual improvement of energy ● It provides a process in the level of execution intensity and use. critical to performance. ● It values both avoidance & savings for internal ● It continuously manages energy processes. and external metrics (e.g. emissions, utility ● It reduces exposure to energy costs (Internal credits, reduced labor intensity, CAPEX, etc.) hedging and volatility management) over time rather than one off projects ► CONTINUOUS COST REDUCTION WITH EnMS Please refer to reference number 6. ► PRACTICAL EXAMPLES ON ENERGY CONSERVATION IN COMPANIES FROM DIFFERENT SECTORS Investment in Cost Reduction in Payback time Savings in Mwh Measures Sectors USD USD per year (statistics) and tons of CO Installation of heat Construction material 925,000 around 450,000 around 2 years 3,225 t CO2 exchanging device at industry / Brick different locations production Checking the Mail order selling 0 5,500 0 48 MWh and 30t lighting situation in CO2 the furniture hall buildings Please refer to reference number 6. 9 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  11. 11. 8 STATISTICS ON ENERGY SAVINGS FROM EPA.GOVEven with good returns, energy waste is still prevalent throughout organizations. Consider that: ● A 400% variation in energy use intensity of buildings in the United States exists that is not explained by age, technology, hours, size, climate. ● Little improvement of overall energy consumption has been seen although building components are 30% more efficient since 1980. ● Oversizing building fan systems, on average, occurs by 60%. ● Most chillers are oversized by 50–200%.Unfortunately, capturing energy waste has been hampered by a lack of focus on energy management. Too oftenenergy management is characterized as: ● Decentralized ● Poorly-coordinated ● Focused on paying bills & running the powerhouse ● Reactive ● Undervalued ● Considered capital intensiveOrganizations that have adopted effective energy management strategies and built successful energy programshave had different results. Consider the following: ● Ford Motor Company has saved over $75 million through effective energy management. ● USAA Real Estate has realized a 5% annual energy savings and increased the asset value of a California building by $1.5 million due to energy efficiency upgrades. ● Eastman Kodak saved more than $8.6 million in operating costs in 2002 from its energy management efforts. ● Hines estimates the difference in operational costs between its energy efficient buildings and inefficient buildings at more than $13 million. ● Fairfax County Public Schools estimates an annual energy savings of $4.5 million from energy efficiency improvements.Recent studies by Innovest Strategic Value Advisors (see below) found that leaders in energy managementachieved superior stock and financial performance over laggards in energy management.The difference betweenthe leaders and laggards is significant: ● Real estate investment sector — over 3,400 basis points difference ● Retail food sector — 1700 basis points difference ● Retail merchandising — 7100 basis points difference 10 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  12. 12. 9 HOW TO USE THE ISO 50001 EnMS PRACTITIONER’S GUIDEThis Practitioner’s Guide is intended to help organize Please be aware that although the following sectionsand streamline an organization’s effort to become include all requirements of the EnMS Standard,an ISO 50001 Energy Management System (EnMS) they do not necessarily cover how the requirementsRegistered Firm. The information gathered here may of the Standard relate specifically to your facility orbe useful in determining the organization’s state of organization. Use of this guide is meant to provide areadiness for an EnMS evaluation. sample of the effectiveness of your EnMS.The use of this guide is to increase the understanding The following section, section 10 presents a strategyof ISO 50001 as it applies to organizations. We for preparing your organization for ISO 50001. Itencourage you to share this within your organization provides a basis for understanding how your systemto enhance everyone’s understanding of EnMS may conform to the Standard. Only the requirementsrequirements and the assessment process. as shown within Clause 4 of the EnMS standard, section 10 of this guide, are auditibable. 11 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  13. 13. 10 HOW DO I START? GUIDE FROM WWW.ENERGYSTAR.GOV Step Commit to Continuous Improvement 1Organizations seeing the financial returns from to allocate staff and funding to achieve continuousenergy management continuously strive to improve improvement. To establish their energy program,their energy performance. Their success is based leading organizations form a dedicated energyon regularly assessing energy performance and team and institute an energy policy. Effectiveimplementing steps to increase energy efficiency. implementation of an EnMS requires full support andNo matter the size or type of organization, the commitment from the highest levels. If employeescommon element of successful energy management perceive management is not fully committed to energyis commitment. Organizations make a commitment management, there is a high potential for failure. Step Form a Dedicated Team 2a. Appoint an Energy Director: Sets goals, c. Empower energy staff to fulfill fundamentals. tracks progress, and promotes the energy Push for strong energy efficiency from all parts management program. of the business. Enable energy investments by b. Establish an Energy Team: Executes energy valuing them differently from other projects. management activities across different parts Educate customers on the value of energy of the organization and ensures integration of performance in products. Involve yourself. best practices. ► EXAMPLE OF AN INTERNAL JOB DESCRIPTION FOR AN ENERGY MANAGER Tasks Qualities Setting up and leading the energy team in the company Good knowledge of the operating procedures Planning and implementing the projects (according to budget, time Excellent capabilities in project management, in organisation and and quality) communication Acquisition, processing and communication of energy-related Sound knowledge of ISO 50001 information Delegating tasks and setting time limits Basic technical understanding Supporting the involvement and recognition of the top management Trust and respect of co-workers Attaining staff support beyond individual areas and functions Involvement and enthusiasm for the subject of energy management Regularly reporting to the top management Ability to listen to others who, in some cases, have a different opinion and other ideas Please refer to reference number 6. 12 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  14. 14. Step Assess Performance 3Understanding current and past energy use is how d. Technical assessments and audits: Evaluatemany organizations identify opportunities to improve the operating performance of facility systemsenergy performance and gain financial benefits. and equipment to determine improvementAssessing performance is the periodic process of potential.evaluating energy use for all major facilities andfunctions in the organization and establishing a Assessing your energy performance helps youbaseline for measuring future results of efficiency to:efforts. ● Categorize current energy use by fuel type, operating division, facility, product line, etc.Key aspects include: ● Identify high performing facilities for a. Data Collection and Management: Collect recognition and replicable practices. energy use information and document data ● Prioritize poor performing facilities for over time. immediate improvement. b. Baseline and Benchmarking: Determine ● Understand the contribution of energy the starting point from which to measure expenditures to operating costs. progress. Compare the energy performance ● Develop a historical perspective and context of your facilities to each other, peers and for future actions and decisions. competitors, and over time to prioritize which ● Establish reference points for measuring and facilities to focus on for improvements. rewarding good performance. c. Analysis and Evaluation: Understand your energy use patterns and trends. Step Set Goals 4Performance goals drive energy management To develop effective performance goals:activities and promote continuous improvement. a. Determine scope: Identify organizational andSetting clear and measurable goals is critical for time parameters for goals.understanding intended results, developing effective b. Estimate potential for improvement: Reviewstrategies, and reaping financial gains. Well-stated baselines, benchmark to determine thegoals guide daily decision-making and are the basis potential and order of upgrades, and conductfor tracking and measuring progress. Communicating technical assessments and audits.and posting goals can motivate staff to support energymanagement efforts throughout the organization. c. Establish goals: Create and express clear,The Energy Director in conjunction with the Energy measurable goals, with target dates, for theTeam typically develops goals. entire organization, facilities, and other units. 13 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  15. 15. Setting goals helps the Energy Director: ● Foster ownership of energy management, ● Set the tone for improvement throughout the create a sense of purpose, and motivate staff organization ● Demonstrate commitment to reducing ● Measure the success of the energy environmental impacts management program ● Create schedules for upgrade activities and ● Help the Energy Team to identify progress and identify milestones setbacks at a facility level → SUGGESTIONS When setting goals, be sure to use the Energy Team’s wide range of knowledge to help set aggressive, yet realistic goals. Have management review your goals to enlist their feedback and support. Step Create Action Plan 5With goals in place, your organization is now poised to on the organization, the steps below outline a basicdevelop a roadmap to improve energy performance. starting point for creating a plan:Successful organizations use a detailed action plan a. Define technical steps and targetsto ensure a systematic process to implement energy b. Determine roles and resources: Get buy-inperformance measures. Unlike the energy policy, the from management and all organizational areasaction plan is regularly updated, most often on an affected by the action plan before finalizing it.annual basis, to reflect recent achievements, changes Work with the Energy Team to communicatein performance, and shifting priorities. While the the action plan to all areas of the organization.scope and scale of the action plan is often dependent → SUGGESTIONS Creating an inclusive strategy that establishes roles and actions throughout the organization can help to integrate good energy management practices. When developing an action plan, consider: ● Brainstorming with various departments to identify ways they can contribute. ● Holding a competition to seek ideas for energy efficiency from across the organization. ● Gathering recommendations from the Energy Team and other key personnel. 14 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  16. 16. Step Implement Action Plan 6People can make or break an energy program. Gaining b. Raise awareness: Build support all levels ofthe support and cooperation of key people at different your organization for energy managementlevels within the organization is an important factor initiatives and goals.for successful action plan implementation in many c. Build capacity: Through training, access toorganizations. In addition, reaching your goals information, and transfer of successfulfrequently depends on the awareness, commitment, practices, procedures, and technologies, youand capability of the people who will implement the can expand the capacity of your staff.projects. d. Motivate: Create incentives that encourageTo implement your action plan, consider staff to improve energy performance totaking the following steps: achieve goals. a. Create a communication plan: Develop e. Track and monitor: Using the tracking system targeted information for key audiences about developed as part of the action plan to track your energy management program. and monitor progress regularly. Step Evaluate Progress 7Evaluating progress includes formal review of both performance and the effectiveness of energyenergy use data and the activities carried out as part management initiatives also allows energyof the action plan as compared to your performance managers to:goals. Evaluation results and information gathered ● Measure the effectiveness of projects andduring the formal review process is used by many programs implementedorganizations to create new action plans, identify best ● Make informed decisions about futurepractices, and set new performance goals. energy projects ● Reward individuals and teams forKey steps involved include: accomplishments a. Measure results: Compare current ● Document additional savings opportunities performance to established goals. as well as non-quantifiable benefits that b. Review action plan: Understand what worked can be leveraged for future initiatives. well and what didn’t in order to identify best practices. Regular evaluation of energy 15 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  17. 17. Step Recognize Achievements 8Providing and seeking recognition for energy a. Providing internal recognition: to individuals,management achievements is a proven step for teams, and facilities within your organization.sustaining momentum and support for your program. b. Receiving external recognition: fromProviding recognition to those who helped the government agencies, the media, and otherorganization achieve these results motivates staff and third party organizations that rewardemployees and brings positive exposure to the energy program. Receiving recognition from c. Partners are also encouraged to promote thisoutside sources validates the importance of the energy notable achievement internally and externallymanagement program to both internal and external through newsletters and local media.stakeholders, and provides positive exposure for theorganization as a whole. Key steps in providing andgaining recognition include: 16 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  18. 18. 11 ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM REQUIREMENTSSection 11 is a discussion of the standard focused on review and evaluate its energy management systemsection 4 of the EnMS standard, the auditable clauses. to identify opportunities for improvement and theirEach clause will have four discussion points: implementation. The organization is given flexibly in how it implements the EnMS. 1. Introduction 2. Requirements of the standard For example: 3. Examples or learning points; and a. The rate, extent and timescale of the continual 4. Action items improvement process are determined by the organizationSpecific clauses may have and introduction or opening b. The organization can take into accountparagraph. Throughout this section, we will be using a economic and other considerations whenmythical company called “ABC Company (ABCCO).” determining the rate, extent and timescale ofThe company has three buildings: warehouse; the continual improvement processadministration building and manufacturing. Thefollowing sections are numbered as presented in the c. The concept of scope and boundaries allowsEnMS Standard. Only Clause 4 is auditable. flexibility to the organization to define what is included within the EnMSFor the example used in this Guide, the followinginformation will be useful: The concept of energy performance includes energy use, energy efficiency and energy consumption. The organization can choose from a wide range of energy Energy Source BTU kWh performance activities. For example, the organization Barrel (42 gal) crude oil 5,800,000 1,699.9 could reduce peak demand, utilize surplus or waste Gallon gasoline 124,238 36.4 energy, or improve the operations of its systems, Gallon diesel fuel 130,500 38.2 processes or equipment. The intent of this section is Gallon heating oil 138,690 40.6 to provide a high altitude overview and set the stage Barrel residual fuel oil 6,287,000 1,842.6 for the EnMS. It does not require specific processes Cubic Foot of natural gas 1,027 0.3 or procedures, other than to define and document the Gallon propane 91,033 26.7 scope of your EnMS. Short ton of coal 19,977,000 5,854.9 KW-hour electricity 3,412 1.0 REQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARD The organization shall:4.1 General Requirements a. Establish, document, implement, maintain and improve an EnMS in accordance with theINTRODUCTION:INTRODUCTION: requirements of this International StandardGeneral Requirements set the stage or foundation for b. Define and document the scope and boundariesthe entire EnMS system. Management must consider of its EnMShow it will address all of the EnMS requirements, c. Determine how it will meet the requirementsdevelop a strategy and define and document its scope. of this international standard in order toMuch like ISO 14001, the scope is a critical part of the achieve continual improvement of its energyEnMS, as it defines its bounds and limits. performance and of its EnMSThe implementation of an EnMS is intended to result inimproved energy performance. This standard is basedon the premise that the organization will periodically 17 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  19. 19. EXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTSEXAMPLE OR LEARNING POINTS c. Providing the resources needed to establish, implement, maintain and improve the EnMS Scope 1. The energy management system of and resulting energy performance ABCCO, associated with the manufacture Note: Resources include human resources, of advanced widget component parts, specialized skills, technology and financial located in Anywhere, AZ, USA. resources Scope 2. All energy related activities, products and d. Identifying the scope and boundaries to be services of ABCCO, within the bounds of addressed by the EnMS its property in Anywhere, AZ, USA. e. Communicating the importance of energy Scope 3. The ABCCO energy activities at its 123 management to those in the organization Main Street, Anywhere, AZ, USA site. f. Ensuring that energy objectives and targets areACTION ITEMS established g. Ensuring that EnPIs are appropriate to the ● Define and document the Scope of your EnMS organization ● Determine how you will meet the requirements of the Standard. h. Considering energy performance in long-term ● Establish your EnMS. planning i. Ensuring that results are measured and4.2 Management Responsibility reported at determined intervals j. Conduct management reviews4.2.1 Management Responsibility EXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTSINTRODUCTION: 1. Meeting minutes where Top Management’sTop Management or their representative, when commitment to the EnMS process iscommunicating to the organization, can support documentedenergy management through employee involvement 2. All hands kick-off meetings held by ABCCOactivities such as empowerment, motivation, where commitments are publicly made by Toprecognition, training and rewards and participation. Management, EnMS team introduced andWhen communicating long-term energy management support provided by managementtargets, topics may include: energy sources, energy 3. “Energy Day” celebration to kick off the start ofperformance, and energy performance improvements the EnMSin planning activities. ACTION ITEMSREQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARD ● A demonstration of Top Management’sTop management shall demonstrate its commitment commitment to EnMS (See clause 4.2)to support the EnMS and to continually improve its ● Define, establish, implement and maintain aneffectiveness by: energy policy (See clause 4.3) a. Defining, establishing, implementing, and ● Appoint a management representative maintaining an energy policy and approve the formation of an energy management team (See clause 4.2.2) b. Appointing a management representative ● Providing the resources needed to establish, and approving the formation of an energy implement, maintain and improve the EnMS management team and resulting energy performance (See clause 4.2.1 and 4.3) 18 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  20. 20. ● Identify the scope and boundaries addressed and communicated to all persons working for, or on by the EnMS (See Clause 4.1) behalf of the organization, to ensure that “authority” ● Communicate the importance of energy is defined, documented and communicated. management to the organization (See Clause 4.5.3) REQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARD REQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARD ● Ensure energy objectives and targets are Top management shall appoint a management established (See Clause 4.4.6) representative(s) with appropriate skills and ● Ensure EnPIs are appropriate to the competence, who, irrespective of other responsibilities, organization (See Clause 4.4.5) has the responsibility and authority to: ● Consider energy performance in long-term planning (See Clause 4.2.1) a. Ensure the EnMS is established, implemented, ● Ensure results are measured and reported at maintained, and continually improved in determined intervals (See Clause 4.6.1) accordance with this International Standard ● Conduct management reviews (See Clause 4.7) b. Identify person(s), authorized by an appropriate level of management, to work with4.2.2 Roles, Responsibility and Authority the management representative in support of energy management activitiesINTRODUCTION: c. Report to top management on energySuccessful implementation of an EnMS calls for performancecommitment from all persons working for the d. Report to top management on the performanceorganization or on its behalf. Energy roles and of the EnMSresponsibilities therefore should not be seen asconfined to the energy management function, but e. Ensure that the planning of energycan also cover other areas of an organization, such management activities is designed to supportas operational management or other staff functions. the organizations energy policyThis commitment should begin at the highest levels of f. Define and communicate responsibilities andmanagement. Accordingly, Top Management should authorities in order to facilitate effective energyestablish the organizations energy policy and ensure managementthat the EnMS is implemented. g. Determine criteria and methods needed to ensure that both the operation and control ofAs part of this commitment, Top Management should the EnMS are effectivedesignate a specific management representative(s)with defined responsibilities and authority for h. Promote awareness of the energy policy andimplementing the EnMS. In large or complex objectives at all levels of the organizationorganizations, there may be more than onedesignated representative. In small or medium-sized EXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTS EXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTSenterprises, these responsibilities may be undertaken At this point in the process, specific job andby one individual. Management should also ensure implementation requirements are established. Itthat appropriate resources, such as organizational is important to assign the task of “Managementinfrastructure, are provided to ensure that the Representative” to one or more people, who areEnMS is established, implemented and maintained. competent in the ability to execute the program. AExamples of organizational infrastructure include common failure point of many management systemsbuildings, communication lines, underground is to appoint a person (or team) who either doestanks, drainage, etc. It is also important that the not have the knowledge, competency, managementkey EnMS roles and responsibilities are well defined support or understanding of the organization. 19 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  21. 21. For purposes of this Guide, the Energy Team is resources to achieve objectives and targetsWilliam Robert and Joseph Ray. The both have direct d. Includes a commitment to comply withreporting responsibility to the VP of Paperclips and applicable legal requirements and otherdotted line responsibility to the CEO. requirements to which the organization subscribes related to its energy use,ACTION ITEMS consumption and efficiencyTop Management has to appoint a Management e. Provides the framework for setting andRepresentative or Energy Team, with the reviewing energy objectives and targetsresponsibilities and activities noted above in the f. Supports the purchase of energy-efficientRequirements section. products and services, and design for energy performance improvement4.3 Energy Policy g. Is documented and communicated at all levels within the organizationINTRODUCTION: h. Is regularly reviewed, and updated as necessaryThe energy policy is the driver for implementingand improving an organizations EnMS and energyperformance within its scope and boundaries. Thepolicy may be a brief statement (high level overviewof management’s intent) that members of theorganization can readily understand and apply totheir work activities. The energy policy disseminationcan be used as a driver to manage organizationalbehavior.Where transportation is procured or used by theorganization, the energy use and consumption oftransport can be included in the scope and boundariesof the EnMS.REQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARDThe energy policy shall state the organizationscommitment to achieving energy performanceimprovement.Top management shall define the energy policy andensure that it: a. Is appropriate to the nature and scale of the organizations energy use and consumption b. Includes a commitment to continual improvement in energy performance c. Includes a commitment to ensure the availability of information and of necessary 20 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  22. 22. EXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTSEXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTS ► EXAMPLE 1 (FORMAL) Our Energy Policy: We, the company ABCCO, hereby commit ourselves to the long-term reduction of our energy consumption and to the improvement of our energy efficiency in a continuous improvement process. To fulfill these objectives, we are implementing an energy management system according to ISO 50001 standard. We thereby ensure that all the requirements of this standard are correctly implemented and that there is a continuous improvement of all processes within this energy management system. In addition, we will regularly review that ● the required financial and structural preconditions are met; all employees are integrated into the implementation and operation of the energy management system and responsibilities are established; ● relevant legal obligations and other requirements are taken into consideration; ● energy aspects/energy data are regularly determined and assessed; ● programs promoting energy-efficiency are correctly introduced and conducted; ● the results are measured and evaluated by means of a regular audit; Date : Place : Name : Position : ► EXAMPLE 2 (ACRONYM) The ABCCO Energy Policy is as follows: A – Assure we comply with all our legal and other requirements related to energy B – Be sure information and resources are available to meet out objectives and targets C – Continually improve our efficient use of energy C – Cascade our activities to set and review objectives and targets O – Obtain and purchase energy efficient products and services CEO : Date : ► EXAMPLE 3 (INFORMAL) The ABCCO energy policy is to: do better in energy use all the time; meet out regulatory and corporate issues; do what is necessary to set, review and achieve the stated objectives and targets; and only buy the highest level energy efficient items. Approved : Revision :ACTION ITEMSDefine and document your energy policy 21 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  23. 23. 4.4 Energy Planning and relating energy performance data of comparable activities with the purpose of evaluating and comparing performance between or within entities.INTRODUCTION:INTRODUCTION: Different types of benchmarking exist, ranging fromFigure 1 is a conceptual diagram intended to improve internal benchmarking for the purpose of highlightingunderstanding of the energy planning process. This good practices within the organization to externaldiagram is not intended to represent the details benchmarking to establish the "best in industry/of a specific organization and there may be other sector" performance of an installation/facility or adetails specific to the organization or particular specific product/service in the same field or sector.circumstances. The benchmark process can be applied to any or all of these elements. Provided relevant and accurateThis section of the standard focuses on the energy data is available, benchmarking is a valuable inputperformance of the organization and tools to maintain to an objective energy review (4.4.3), and consequentand continually improve energy performance. setting of energy objectives (4.4.6) and energy targetsBenchmarking is the process of collecting, analyzing (4.4.6). ► FIGURE 1 : ENERGY PLANNING PROCESS CONCEPT DIAGRAM Please refer to reference number General be consistent with the energy policy and shall lead to activities that continually improve energyINTRODUCTION: performance. Energy planning shall involve a review of the organizations activities that can affect energyConsistent with the standard, this section states the performance.need to establish processes for energy planning. NOTE 1: A concept diagram illustrating energy planning is shown in Figure 1.REQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARD NOTE 2: In other regional or national standards, concepts such as identification and review of energy aspects or theThe organization shall conduct and document an concept of energy profile, are included in the concept of energy planning process. Energy planning shall 22 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  24. 24. EXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTSEXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTS 1. These may include: a. National and international legalAs with many other clauses, this clause helps set the requirementsstage for the Planning Requirements. The planning b. State/provincial/departmental legalprocess is an integral part of the Plan-Do-Check-Act requirementsDemming circle common to all management systems. c. Local governmental legal requirements 2. Examples of other requirements to which the organization may subscribe include, if applicable: a. Agreements with public authorities b. Agreements with customers c. Non-regulatory guidelines d. Voluntary principles or codes of practice e. Requirements of trade associations f. Agreements with community groups or non-governmental organizations g. Public commitments of the organization or its parent organization h. Corporate/company requirements The determination of how legal and other requirements apply to an organizations EnMS is Please refer to reference number 17. usually accomplished in the process of identifying these requirements. It may not be necessary,ACTION ITEMS therefore, to have a separate or additional procedure in order to make this determination.Have a process in place, using the following clauses todemonstrate your planning activities that continually REQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARDimprove energy performance. The organization shall identify, implement, and4.4.2 Legal and Other Requirements have access to the applicable legal requirements and other requirements to which the organizationINTRODUCTION: subscribes related to its energy use, consumption and efficiency. The organization shall determineApplicable legal requirements are those international, how these requirements apply to its energy use,national, regional, and local requirements that apply consumption and efficiency and shall ensure thatto the scope of the energy management system. these legal requirements and other requirements toExamples of legal requirements may include a national which it subscribes are considered in establishing,energy conservation regulation or law. Examples of implementing and maintaining the EnMS. Legalother requirements may include agreements with requirements and other requirements shall becustomers, voluntary principles or codes of practice, reviewed at defined intervals.voluntary programs and others. The organizationneeds to identify the legal requirements that are EXAMPLES OF US LEGAL REQUIREMENTS OR LEARNING POINTSapplicable to its energy use. a. Title V - Fuels and Emissions b. Air and Boiler Regulations 23 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  25. 25. c. Federal Tax Policy – Incentives and Penalties 4.4.3 Energy Review d. Executive Orders, such as EO 13514 e. Utility Incentives INTRODUCTION: i. Source The process of identification and evaluation of energy ii. Capital Expenses use should lead the organization to define areas of significant energy use and identify opportunities for iii. Rate Reductions improving energy performance. f. DOT Fleet Requirements (≥ 10 vehicles) g. Security and Access Regulations Potential sources of energy can include conventional sources that have not been previously used by an h. Rate Structure Issues (Interruptible Power organization. Alternative energy sources can include Rates v Non-Interruptible) fossil or non-fossil fuels. Updating the energy review means updating the information relatedEXAMPLES OF OTHER REQUIREMENTSEXAMPLES OF OTHER REQUIREMENTS to the analysis, determination of significance andExamples of other requirements that encompass determination of improving energy performancenon-regulatory issues: opportunities. An energy audit or assessment comprises a detailed review of the energy performance a. Corporate Mandates of an organization, of a process, or both. It is typically b. Trade Associations based on appropriate measurement and observation c. Voluntary Agreements of actual energy performance. d. Non-regulatory Agreements with Utility or Audit outputs typically include information on other Energy Suppliers current consumption and performance and can be accompanied by a series of ranked recommendationsACTION ITEMS for improvement in terms of energy performance.Identify and have access to your legal and other energy Energy audits are planned and conducted as part ofrelated requirements. There may be some value the identification and prioritization of opportunitiesin taking the energy source, use and consumption to improve energy performance.activities identified in the following clauses and crossreference any legal and other requirements to them. REQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARDThis approach can facilitate the identification of the The organization shall develop, record, and maintainrequirements to what you are doing at your site. an energy review. The methodology and criteria used to develop the energy review shall be documented. To develop the energy review, the organization shall: a. analyze energy use and consumption based on measurement and other data, i.e. i. identify current energy sources ii. evaluate past and present energy use and consumption b. based on the analysis of energy use and consumption, identify the areas of significant energy use, i.e.: 24 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  26. 26. i. identify the facilities, equipment, systems, c. The facility has determined that propane processes and personnel working for, or on forklifts, warehouse lighting and fuel oil use are behalf of, the organization that significantly the significant energy uses affect energy use and consumption ii. identify other relevant variables affecting ACTION ITEMS significant energy uses ● Opportunities may relate to potential sources iii. determine the current energy performance of energy, use of renewable energy, or other of facilities, equipment, systems and alternative energy sources such as waste processes related to identified significant energy. The energy review shall be updated energy uses at defined intervals and in response to major iv. estimate future energy use and consumption changes in facilities, equipment, systems, or processes. c. identify, prioritize and record opportunities for ● What are your methods for energy reviews? improving energy performance. ● What are your current energy sources NOTE: Opportunities can relate to potential (including any energy generated on-site)? sources of energy, use of renewable energy, or other alternative energy sources, such as waste energy. ● What is your past and present energy use and consumption?The energy review shall be updated at defined ● What are your areas of significant energy use?intervals, as well as in response to major changes in ● How do you identify the facilities, equipment,facilities, equipment, systems, or processes. systems, processes and personnel working for or on behalf of the organization thatEXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTS significantly affect energy use and consumption?The facility has noted the following energy use data: ● How do you identify other relevant variables affecting significant energy uses? Source Amount BTU (x106) KWhr (x103) ● How do you determine the current energy Fuel Oil 3,000 Gal 416.070 121.800 performance of facilities, equipment, systems, Propane 15,000 Gal 1,365.495 400.500 and processes related to identified significant Diesel 4,000 Gal 522.000 152.800 energy uses? Electric 1,500,000 KWhr 5,118.000 1,500.000 ● How do you estimate future energy use and Total 2010 7,421.565 2,175.100 (+15%) what are those values? ● How do you identify, prioritize, and record Total 2009 6,308.330 1,848.835 (+15%) opportunities for improving energy performance? Total 2008 5,362.080 1,571.510 a. While a steady 15% increase in energy was 4.4.4 Energy Baseline noted for the past two years, management has estimated a 5% increase in KWhr for 2011 = INTRODUCTION: 2,393 x103 KWhr. The energy baseline is maintained and recorded b. Energy Uses for purposes of this discussion, the as a means for the organization to determine the key focus areas are: records maintenance period. a “suitable data period” i. Propane forklifts means the organization accounts for regulatory ii. Warehouse Lighting requirements, or variables that affect the energy use and consumption. Variables can include weather, iii. Manufacturing use of Fuel Oil 25 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  27. 27. seasons, business activity cycles and other conditions. ● What are the trigger limits for EnPIs requiringThe adjustments to the baseline are also considered change to the baseline?maintenance and the requirements are defined in ● Is there a predetermined method to addressthis standard. major changes to the process, operational patterns, energy systems?REQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARD ● What currently influences changes to your Energy baseline?The organization shall establish an energybaseline(s) using the information in the initial energy 4.4.5 Energy Performance Indicatorsreview, considering a data period suitable to the (EnPI’s)organizations energy use and consumption. Changesin energy performance shall be measured against the INTRODUCTION: INTRODUCTION:energy baseline(s). EnPI’s can be a simple parameter, a simple ratio orAdjustments to the baseline(s) shall be made in the a complex model. Examples of EnPI’s can includecase of one or more of the following: energy consumption per time, energy consumption ● EnPI’s no longer reflect organizational energy per unit of production, and multi-variable models. use and consumption The organization can choose EnPI’s that inform ● Major changes to the process, operational the energy performance of their operation, and patterns, or energy systems can update the EnPI’s when business activities or ● Changes according to a predetermined method baselines change that affect the relevance of the EnPI, as applicable.The energy baseline(s) shall be maintained andrecorded. REQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARD REQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARDEXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTS The organization shall identify EnPI’s appropriate for monitoring and measuring its energy performance.From the example above, Top Management has The methodology for determining and updating thedecided to use the 2009 energy data as its base line. EnPI’s shall be recorded and regularly reviewed.Some energy reduction efforts were made in 2010, EnPI’s shall be reviewed and compared to the energyand management wanted to see the long term effects baseline as appropriate.of the efforts. 2009 was selected in this case for thereasons stated. There is nothing wrong with using EXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTS2008 or 2010 data as the baseline. Managementhas implemented a triennial review period for In our case, management has decided to use KWhr’sthe baseline. The next review (pending any major the EnPI. While many different EnPI’s could be used,changes) will be related to the 2012 data. for the sake of simplicity, this will be the only one. This is not to say multiple EnPI’s can be an integralACTION ITEMS part of your system. The facility could “normalize” them relative to: ● Identify, document and maintain your energy a. Headcount (KWhr / employees) baseline ● Use your Energy Review b. Production (KWhr / unit, KWhr / $MM sales, ● Identify and document your data period or KWhr / 1,000 pieces) ● Are there processes to identify changes to c. Use per day (KWhr / operating day) measure against the baseline? d. Total Energy Use (KWhr) 26 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  28. 28. ACTION ITEMS contractor awareness of energy management behaviors. The extent to which the action plan ● Identify and document your EnPI’s achieves the increased awareness and other results ● What is the methodology for determining and should be verified using the method determined by updating, recording and regularly review the the organization and documented in the action plan. EnPI’s? ● What is the frequency for EnPI’s to be The creation and use of one or more action plan reviewed and compared to the energy baseline is important to the successful implementation of as appropriate? an EnMS. Each action plan should describe how the organizations objectives and targets will be4.4.6 Energy Objectives, Energy Targets achieved, including timescales, necessary resources and Energy Management Action and personnel responsible for implementing the Plans action plan(s). The action plan(s) may be subdivided to address specific elements of the organizationsINTRODUCTION: operations.In addition to action plans focused on achieving REQUIREMENTS OF THE STANDARDspecific improvements in energy performance,an organization may have action plans that focus The organization shall establish, implement andon achieving improvements in overall energy maintain documented energy objectives and targetsmanagement or improvement in the processes of at the relevant functions, levels, processes orthe EnMS itself. Action plans for these types of facilities within the organization. Time frames shallimprovements also can state how the organization be established for achievement of the objectiveswill verify the results achieved by the action plan. and targets.For example, an organization may have an actionplan designed to achieve increased employee and The objectives and targets shall be consistent with 27 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.
  29. 29. the energy policy. Targets shall be consistent with for their relative contribution to the energy use andthe objectives. consumption goal (Delta). It was noted that 70% of the reductions could be realized from reduction ofWhen establishing and reviewing objectives and electricity, but 19% could be realized with propanetargets, the organization shall take into account legal use reduction. The Action Plan:requirements and other requirements, significantenergy uses and opportunities to improve energy Action – Warehouse Responsible To Beperformance, as identified in the energy review. Lighting Party CompletedIt shall also consider its financial, operational and 1. Conduct lighting survey,business conditions, technological options and the including use of natural and solar Consultant 3 monthsviews of interested parties. lighting 2. Evaluate the lighting surveyThe organization shall establish, implement and and determine the re-lamping WR / JR 2 weeksmaintain action plans for achieving its objectives and cost and energy savings.targets. The action plans shall include: 3. Determine cost and ROI on WR 5 days re-lamping. ● Designation of responsibility; Next meeting ● The means and time frame by which individual 4. Present results to JR after ROI Management Team targets are to be achieved; determination ● A statement of the method by which an 5. Upon approval, develop RFP WR / Bob in improvement in energy performance shall be with finance to include energy 1 month Finance efficiency requirements verified; 6. Distribute RFP with response ● a statement of the method of verifying the Finance 6 weeks in 6 weeks to Finance results; 7. Evaluate RFPs and select WR / Bob in ● The action plans shall be documented, and 2 weeks contractor Finance updated at defined intervals. 8. Start project Contractor 5 weeksEXAMPLES OR LEARNING POINTS 9. Close project WR / Bob in Finance 9 weeksABBCO’s Objective and Target: Reduce energy use 10. Monitor energy use relative Maintenance 12 months to lightingand consumption by 10% of the 2010 base line,using KWhr. To Be Responsible Original Objective Delta KWhr Action - Forklifts Completed Source Party KWhr (x10 ) 3 KWhr (x10 ) 3 3 (x10 ) (cumulative) Fuel Oil 121.8 109.6 12.2 (5.6%) 1. Contact forklift leasing company for conversion of Propane 400.5 360.4 40.1 (18.6%) Maintenance 2 weeks forklifts from propane to battery Diesel 152.8 137.5 15.3 (7.0%) power. Electric 1,500.0 1,350.0 150.0 (68.9%) Forklift 2. Convert them 4 weeks Company Total 2010 2,175.1 1,957.6 217.5 10. Monitor energy use relative Maintenance 12 months to PIVs 10% Reduction 1,957.6The Action Plan will define the methodology to reach Action – Manufacturing Use Responsible To Bethe Objectives of 10% reduction, based on KWhr. In of Fuel Oil Party Completedthe table above, all energy sources were evaluated Replace Fuel Oil with Natural Gas Maintenance 4 months 28 Implementing ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard, A Practitioner’s Guide, Copyright © 2011, UL DQS Inc.