Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
Mark Gander • April 30, 2014 • Atlanta, Georg...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
What is an AECOM?
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 3
Mongkok Area Improvement Plan Hong Kong
To create, enhance and sustain the world’s...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Urbanization,
Globalization,
Climate Change
…new
chances
Car sharing
and per
usage
m...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
https://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/american_community_survey_acs/cb13...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Americans spend most of their waking hours
at work. The rest – it seems – are spent ...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 8
Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) Declines
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Decline in Car Use By Demographic
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Projections of VMT Trends
10
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Top 20 Mega Cities – Regional Transportation Policies
Congestion, low emission zones...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Sustainable Mobility Adoption
13
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 14
Transformation of the Auto
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Urbanization Drives a New Reality: From Cities Designed around Cars to Cars
Designed...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Urbanization Impact on Vehicle Technology Planning
Opportunity for OEMs to Develop T...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 17
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Global Growth of Car Sharing
18
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Sharing
20
Continuum – Battery Electric Vehicles
Neighbourhood
Electric Vehicles
(NEVs)
NEV is a US DOT
classification for
vehicle...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 21
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 22
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 23
Growth in World EVSE Market Unit Sales
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 24
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 25
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 26
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 27
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 28
Vehicle to Grid (V2G)
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 29
smart grids
public
destinati on
vehicle to grid
vehicle to home
markets & operati...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Fare Card Platform
Green Parking
Integrated Corridor
Management
BRT
Delivery Consoli...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
© 02014 dan sturges
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
New mobility solutions
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 35
NEW MOBILITY
INDUSTRY
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
NYC Law 1176 – EVSE Readiness
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 37
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 41
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 42
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 43 43
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 44
Parking is what your car does 90% of the time
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 46
If transportation produces 30% of
all U.S. global warming emissions,
and…
if 60% ...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 47
Groundbreaking or Greenwashing?
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 48
Parking Matters - Taming
Source: R. Willson, Parking Reform (2013)
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 49
Parking Matters – Right Sizing
Source: R. Willson, Parking Reform (2013)
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 50
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 51
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 52
Smarking
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Parking Mobility Services
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 54
Smarking Growth
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 55
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Parking as a strategic enabler
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 57
USGBC and LEED®
2011 USGBC Ruling
“Parking garages may not pursue LEED certificat...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 58
Green Certification
MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY & STRUCTURE DESIGN
Parking Pricing Placemaking Automated Payment Systems
Shared Parking Acc...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 60
EV Charging
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 61
Placemaking
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 62
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 63
Parkitecture – Collins Park, MB
Zaha Hadid Architects
Zaha Hadid Architects
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 64
Parkitecture – Miami Beach
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 65 65
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 66
Parkitecture As Placemaking
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 67
Parkitecture As Placemaking
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 68 68
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 69
Park Above, Park Below
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 70
Park Above, Park Below
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 71
Park Above, Park Below
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 72
Park Above, Park Below
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 73
Park Above, Park Below
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 74
Park Above, Park Below
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Build A Better Burb – Rockville Centre
75
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 76
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 77
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 78
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 79
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 80
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Transformation and Placemaking -
Philadelphia
81
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 82
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 83
Source: Philadelphia Parking Authority
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 84
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 85
Source:Philadelphia Parking Authority
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 86
Source: Philadelphia Parking Authority
Green Parking and SustainableMobility
Climate Change is a physical reality
Image: NASA
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 88
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 89
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 90
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 91
Stormwater Management
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 92
Pavement Matters
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 93
Source: AECOM
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 94
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 95
NREL Parking Garage
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 96
NREL Parking Garage
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 97
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 98
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 99
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 100
Location: Brooklyn, NY
Manuf: Solaire Canopy
No. of Canopies: 6
System Size: 325...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 101
Parking Matters
Parking supply and management is the difference between smart gr...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 102
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 103
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 104
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 105
Rawabi EcoCity
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 106
Masdar City
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 107
Conventional City Design
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 108
Design of Masdar City
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 109
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 110
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 111
Key Points
Demographics, urbanization, technology, climate
adaptation are drivin...
Green Parking and SustainableMobility 112
Thank you!
Mark Gander, AICP
AECOM
605 Third Avenue
New York City, NY 10158
T: (...
Green Parking and Sustainable Moblity - Mark Gander, AECOM - APA 2014
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One of four presentations on Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility at the 2014 American Planning Association conference.

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Green Parking and Sustainable Moblity - Mark Gander, AECOM - APA 2014

  1. 1. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility Mark Gander • April 30, 2014 • Atlanta, Georgia
  2. 2. Green Parking and SustainableMobility What is an AECOM?
  3. 3. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 3 Mongkok Area Improvement Plan Hong Kong To create, enhance and sustain the world’s built, natural and social environments.
  4. 4. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Urbanization, Globalization, Climate Change …new chances Car sharing and per usage models Location- based and ad-hoc services Intelligent parking solutions E-Mobility Intermodal services Connectivity aligned with travel market Regulation & Sustainability Convenience Preference Change Individualization Demographic Change New approach to urban mobilityThe world is changing
  5. 5. Green Parking and SustainableMobility
  6. 6. Green Parking and SustainableMobility https://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/american_community_survey_acs/cb13-41.html
  7. 7. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Americans spend most of their waking hours at work. The rest – it seems – are spent en route And it hasn’t changed much over the years
  8. 8. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 8 Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) Declines
  9. 9. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Decline in Car Use By Demographic
  10. 10. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Projections of VMT Trends 10
  11. 11. Green Parking and SustainableMobility
  12. 12. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Top 20 Mega Cities – Regional Transportation Policies Congestion, low emission zones and road user charging initiatives in the emerging economies will have a major impact on car mobility Delhi Mumbai Beijing Shanghai Moscow Seoul New York London Tokyo Bus Rapid Transit Lanes 2011 2011 Metro/Subway 2011 Congestion Charging Planned Planned 2012 2012 Future Planned Future Parking Cuts Road use Charging/Ban Yes 1 Week Day Ban 1 week Day Ban 1 Week Day Ban* Future EV/Hybrid Incentives Bicycle Lanes Emission Standard Euro 4 Euro 4 Euro 4 Euro 4 Euro 3 Euro 4 by 2012 Euro 4 CAFÉ 27.5mpg. 34.1 mpg by 2016 Euro 4 Euro 5 by 2011 25% reduction by 2015 Not planned Existing currently * Voluntary no road usage incentive
  13. 13. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Sustainable Mobility Adoption 13
  14. 14. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 14 Transformation of the Auto
  15. 15. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Urbanization Drives a New Reality: From Cities Designed around Cars to Cars Designed around Mega Cities: OEMs to Develop New Vehicles and Platforms •Megacity Vehicle – be launched in 2013. •Electro-mobility – ZEV (Li-ion battery with 35 kWh capacity ) •Electric drive - Electric motor for quicker acceleration and zip drive. •Lighter drive –CFRP passenger cell, Aluminum chassis. • City Car in EU and NA • Compact Vehicle : 3099mm x 1,495mm • Low emissions; sub 1 litre engine (624cc), EV in future. • Turning radius: 4m. • Low vehicle weight: 600 kg (1,300lb) • ‘City Cars’ – In sync with the city Pixo, Note and Cube • Compact Vehicle: less than 4,000mm x 1,675mm • Low emissions: 1-litre engine, EV in future • Tight turning circle of 4.5m • Power assisted steering for easy maneuvering in city traffic • Parking system, Start Stop system, Nissan Connect, foldable rear seats, customizable setting NISSAN BMW TATA Though newer cars are becoming city-centric, consumers are not relieved off hassles of purchase, maintenance, parking, congestion, insurance and inspection Mega Cities need not just a car, but a flexible, hassle- free mobility solution that is eco-friendly.
  16. 16. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Urbanization Impact on Vehicle Technology Planning Opportunity for OEMs to Develop Technologies for Customers’ Unmet Needs Ergonomically designed comfortable seats for long commuting hours Turning radius <4.3m to drive in congested streets Start Stop System for frequent stop in traffic Facebook on wheels, Internet in cars 3G/Wi-Fi Connectivity - V2V and V2X communication Limited boot space and more head and leg room CO2 less than 80 gm/km vehicles Lightweight construction Panoramic roofs Navigation systems with route guidance and traffic information Customised and personalised comfort functions Smart vehicle access Low speed collision avoidance for enhanced safety and pedestrian protection Simple and easy to use HMI Vehicle length of less than 3500mm Autonomous parking assist Voice recognition technology Mega City Cars
  17. 17. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 17
  18. 18. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Global Growth of Car Sharing 18
  19. 19. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Sharing
  20. 20. 20 Continuum – Battery Electric Vehicles Neighbourhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs) NEV is a US DOT classification for vehicles weighing less than 3,000 lbs (GVW) and having a top speed of 25 mph. NEVs are generally restricted to operate on streets with a speed limit of 35 mph or less. A city car is a European classification for small and light vehicles intended for use in urban areas although capable of operating in mixed city- highway environment. In Japan, city cars are called kei cars. These vehicles have an internal combustion engine (ICE) or other secondary source connected in a series configuration to a generator to supply the batteries. The drive range and speeds are comparable to IC engine vehicles. High-Performance Electric Vehicles (HPEVs) These are sporty PHEVs or battery electric vehicles with top speeds exceeding 100 mph and driving range exceeding 100 miles. The price of these vehicles is expected to approach or exceed $100,000. GEM e2, e4, e6; REVA G-Wiz i; ZENN; ZAP and others Smart EV, Th!nk City, BMW Mini and others Chevy Volt, Opel Ampera and others Tesla, Venturi Fetish, Lightning GT, etc City Electric Vehicles (CEVs) Toyota Prius PHEV, Ford Fusion PHEV, etc Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEVs) A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) has an internal combustion engine (ICE) with a motor along with a battery connected in parallel to the ICE. They are generally regarded as full hybrids with bigger motor/battery and a plug to recharge. Battery Electric Vehicles: Electric vehicles (EVs) use electric motors instead of an internal combustion engine (ICE) to propel a vehicle. The electric power is derived from a battery of one of several chemistries including lead acid, nickel metal hydride (NiMH) and lithium-ion (Li-ion). Extended-range EVs (E-REVs)
  21. 21. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 21
  22. 22. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 22
  23. 23. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 23 Growth in World EVSE Market Unit Sales
  24. 24. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 24
  25. 25. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 25
  26. 26. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 26
  27. 27. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 27
  28. 28. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 28 Vehicle to Grid (V2G)
  29. 29. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 29 smart grids public destinati on vehicle to grid vehicle to home markets & operation payment administration fast (AC/DC) battery swop behaviour change inductive recharging networks vehicles cars commercial buses integrated transport car clubs parking extend journeys ITS state of charge range estimatii on eco-driving location services e-payment mobility fleets two wheelers generate & distribute renewable energy standards interoperability vehicles & batteries energy storage management systems batteries & materials vehicle tech hybrids navigation range-extenders drive trains regulation education skills & services first responders manufacturing sales maintain/ repair charge type standard connectors AC/DC safety installations energy mgmt customer mgmt back office charging control demand forecast remote switching private home microgeneration demand management network controls public transport smart ticketi ng dynamic pricing smart meters regeneration lightweighting alternative fuels journey planning expectation mgmt tax & incentives 2nd life/ recycling legal/ commercial value-add services leasing business models funding
  30. 30. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Fare Card Platform Green Parking Integrated Corridor Management BRT Delivery Consolidation Smart Mobility
  31. 31. Green Parking and SustainableMobility
  32. 32. © 02014 dan sturges
  33. 33. Green Parking and SustainableMobility New mobility solutions
  34. 34. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 35 NEW MOBILITY INDUSTRY
  35. 35. Green Parking and SustainableMobility NYC Law 1176 – EVSE Readiness
  36. 36. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 37
  37. 37. Green Parking and SustainableMobility
  38. 38. Green Parking and SustainableMobility
  39. 39. Green Parking and SustainableMobility
  40. 40. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 41
  41. 41. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 42
  42. 42. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 43 43
  43. 43. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 44 Parking is what your car does 90% of the time
  44. 44. Green Parking and SustainableMobility
  45. 45. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 46 If transportation produces 30% of all U.S. global warming emissions, and… if 60% of U.S. transportation emissions come from cars and light trucks Can structures and lots that house these vehicles be sustainable?
  46. 46. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 47 Groundbreaking or Greenwashing?
  47. 47. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 48 Parking Matters - Taming Source: R. Willson, Parking Reform (2013)
  48. 48. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 49 Parking Matters – Right Sizing Source: R. Willson, Parking Reform (2013)
  49. 49. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 50
  50. 50. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 51
  51. 51. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 52 Smarking
  52. 52. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Parking Mobility Services
  53. 53. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 54 Smarking Growth
  54. 54. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 55
  55. 55. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Parking as a strategic enabler
  56. 56. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 57 USGBC and LEED® 2011 USGBC Ruling “Parking garages may not pursue LEED certification. More specifically, buildings that dedicate more than 75% of floor area (including areas not covered, enclosed, or conditioned) to the parking and circulation of motor vehicles are ineligible for LEED.”
  57. 57. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 58 Green Certification
  58. 58. MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY & STRUCTURE DESIGN Parking Pricing Placemaking Automated Payment Systems Shared Parking Access to Mass Transit Fire Suppression Transportation Management Association (TMA)/Organization (TMO) Traffic Flow Plan No or Low VOC Coatings, Paints, and Sealants Wayfinding (External/Internal) Tire Inflation Stations Recycling Program Carshare Program Indoor Water Efficiency Sustainable Purchasing Program Rideshare Program Water Efficient Landscaping Marketing/Education Program Alternative Fuel Vehicles EV Charging Stations Building Systems Commissioning, Re- Commissioning & Retro-Commissioning Alternative Fuel Shuttles Mechanical Systems and Controls Bicycle Parking Lighting Control Cleaning Products and Systems Bicycle Sharing / Rental Energy Efficient Lighting System Construction Waste Management Small Vehicle Program: Rates & Spaces Energy Efficient Ventilation System Regional Materials Motorcycle & Scooter Parking HVAC Systems Regional Labor Indoor Air Monitoring Credentialed Management Rainwater Harvesting Greywater Reuse Reused, Repurposed, or Recycled Materials Roofing Systems LEED or Green Globe Certification Sustainable Power & Net-Zero Energy Life Cycle Assessment for more information: www.greenparkingcouncil.org/certification Source of Graphic: AECOM
  59. 59. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 60 EV Charging
  60. 60. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 61 Placemaking
  61. 61. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 62
  62. 62. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 63 Parkitecture – Collins Park, MB Zaha Hadid Architects Zaha Hadid Architects
  63. 63. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 64 Parkitecture – Miami Beach
  64. 64. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 65 65
  65. 65. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 66 Parkitecture As Placemaking
  66. 66. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 67 Parkitecture As Placemaking
  67. 67. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 68 68
  68. 68. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 69 Park Above, Park Below
  69. 69. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 70 Park Above, Park Below
  70. 70. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 71 Park Above, Park Below
  71. 71. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 72 Park Above, Park Below
  72. 72. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 73 Park Above, Park Below
  73. 73. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 74 Park Above, Park Below
  74. 74. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Build A Better Burb – Rockville Centre 75
  75. 75. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 76
  76. 76. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 77
  77. 77. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 78
  78. 78. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 79
  79. 79. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 80
  80. 80. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Transformation and Placemaking - Philadelphia 81
  81. 81. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 82
  82. 82. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 83 Source: Philadelphia Parking Authority
  83. 83. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 84
  84. 84. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 85 Source:Philadelphia Parking Authority
  85. 85. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 86 Source: Philadelphia Parking Authority
  86. 86. Green Parking and SustainableMobility Climate Change is a physical reality Image: NASA
  87. 87. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 88
  88. 88. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 89
  89. 89. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 90
  90. 90. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 91 Stormwater Management
  91. 91. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 92 Pavement Matters
  92. 92. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 93 Source: AECOM
  93. 93. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 94
  94. 94. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 95 NREL Parking Garage
  95. 95. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 96 NREL Parking Garage
  96. 96. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 97
  97. 97. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 98
  98. 98. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 99
  99. 99. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 100 Location: Brooklyn, NY Manuf: Solaire Canopy No. of Canopies: 6 System Size: 325 kW Number of Panels: 1,044 Panel Size: 315W Panel Manufacturer: MEMC Inclination: 12º / 1º Number of Columns: 22
  100. 100. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 101 Parking Matters Parking supply and management is the difference between smart growth and congested or sprawled environs, and impacts: – Parking consumes land and resources – Parking is expensive – We need to manage and supply parking in-line with broader goals 101
  101. 101. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 102
  102. 102. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 103
  103. 103. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 104
  104. 104. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 105 Rawabi EcoCity
  105. 105. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 106 Masdar City
  106. 106. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 107 Conventional City Design
  107. 107. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 108 Design of Masdar City
  108. 108. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 109
  109. 109. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 110
  110. 110. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 111 Key Points Demographics, urbanization, technology, climate adaptation are driving transformative responses in mobility and parking. Travel in the fast lane via multi-modal connectivity. Smart moves in adjusted land use and transit- oriented development. Parking policy and management shapes communities. Parking design and mobility architecture creates vibrant places. Moving forward – parking is part of the solution. 111
  111. 111. Green Parking and SustainableMobility 112 Thank you! Mark Gander, AICP AECOM 605 Third Avenue New York City, NY 10158 T: (212) 973-3182 mark.gander@aecom.com 112
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