Green-IT Governance
Tanguy Swinnen
Green-IT Governance, the zen future
1. A	
  Few	
  facts	
  	
  
2. Green-­‐IT	
  
3. From	
  opera8ons	
  to	
  governanc...
Green-IT Governance, the zen future
1. A	
  Few	
  Facts	
  
–  Environmental	
  pressure	
  
–  External	
  Drivers	
  
2...
The environmental pressure
•  We	
  are	
  facing	
  growing	
  environmental	
  challenges:	
  
o  Global	
  warming,	
  ...
Green-IT Governance, the zen future
1. A	
  Few	
  Facts	
  
–  Environmental	
  pressure	
  
–  External	
  Drivers	
  
2...
From global to Green-IT Governance
•  Hence	
  the	
  need	
  for	
  governance	
  …	
  	
  
–  Promotes	
  trust	
  in	
 ...
Regulations, frameworks and standards
+	
  (N)GOs	
  less	
  formal	
  pressure	
  	
  
Pressure	
  is	
  increasing.	
  
...
Regulations, frameworks and standards
Regula8on	
   Voluntary	
   Financial	
  impact	
   Scope	
  
ISO	
  14001	
   Globa...
External drivers
•  RegulaCons	
  and	
  mandatory	
  reporCng	
  
–  Carbon	
  ReporCng	
  (CRC),	
  WEEE,	
  RoHs	
  
• ...
Standards and labels (certificates)
Type	
   Object	
   Scope	
   Impact	
  
(1)	
  
ISO	
  14001	
   STD	
   Environment	...
Directives, best practices,
reporting and tools
Type	
   Object	
   Scope	
   Impact	
  
(1)	
  
CRC	
   REP	
   Carbon	
 ...
Mandatory carbon reporting (UK)
Green-­‐ict.com	
  
12/09/2013	
  
Green-­‐IT	
  @	
  CIO-­‐Club	
   12	
  
•  Companies	
...
Mandatory carbon reporting (UK)
Green-­‐ict.com	
  
12/09/2013	
  
Green-­‐IT	
  @	
  CIO-­‐Club	
   13	
  
On	
  a	
  pur...
Green-IT Governance, the zen future
1. A	
  Few	
  Facts	
  
2. Green-­‐IT	
  
–  Scope	
  
–  Challenges	
  
–  Hot	
  to...
Green-IT governance
and the triple bottom line
The	
  broader	
  concept	
  of	
  sustainability	
  
•  The	
  triple	
  b...
A few Green-IT activities
Greening	
  Of	
  IT	
  …	
  2	
  -­‐>	
  3	
  %	
  
AcCons	
  taken	
  by	
  an	
  organizaCon	...
Green-IT Governance, the zen future
1. A	
  Few	
  Facts	
  
2. Green-­‐IT	
  
–  Scope	
  
–  Challenges	
  
–  Hot	
  to...
1. Who’s involved ?
Green-­‐ict.com	
  
12/09/2013	
  
Green-­‐IT	
  @	
  CIO-­‐Club	
   18	
  
(in)	
  direct	
  	
  
con...
2. Behind utilization
•  A	
  model	
  to	
  consider	
  full	
  life	
  of	
  a	
  product	
  on	
  Earth	
  …	
  
•  …	
...
3. All actors in a single direction
•  OperaCng	
  model	
  for	
  the	
  management	
  of	
  Green-­‐IT	
  
iniCaCves	
  ...
Green-IT Governance, the zen future
1. A	
  Few	
  Facts	
  
2. Green-­‐IT	
  
–  Scope	
  
–  Challenges	
  
–  Hot	
  to...
Reminder
•  Major	
  waste	
  of	
  energy	
  in	
  DC	
  ?	
  Cooling	
  
•  How	
  to	
  reduce	
  that	
  waste	
  ?	
 ...
Accountability
•  Outsourcing	
  does	
  not	
  relieve	
  from	
  
accountability!	
  
– Make	
  sure	
  you	
  can	
  au...
And …
•  Legal	
  aspects	
  
•  PRISM	
  	
  
•  Interoperability	
  
•  Risk	
  percepCon	
  
•  Human	
  	
  
Green-­‐i...
Green-IT Governance, the zen future
1. A	
  Few	
  Facts	
  
2. Green-­‐IT	
  
–  Scope	
  
–  Challenges	
  
–  Hot	
  to...
Ever growing use of IT
•  IT	
  Spending	
  Forecast	
  Summary,	
  Q2	
  2012	
  Update	
  
Gartner's	
  current	
  U.S.	...
(future) stds do exist and are here to help
Annex
- General Logo for promotional purposes
- Participant logo
- Endorser lo...
Green-IT Governance, the zen future
1. Environmental	
  	
  pressure	
  	
  
2. Green-­‐IT	
  
3. From	
  opera8ons	
  to	...
Different governance schemes
•  Choose	
  the	
  governance	
  leadership	
  
o  Corporate	
  level:	
   	
   	
  CEO,	
  ...
Green’ing a FW
•  Prepare to change by identifying the
right stakeholders
(out of usual IT domain of influence)
–  Helps i...
From Typical
Business Goals
To
IT Goals
...
To
COBIT
Processes
Formal approach
Green-­‐ict.com	
  
12/09/2013	
  
Green-­‐...
Processes of interest
Expert	
   Mappings	
  
EDM	
   EDM02	
  
Ensure	
  Benefits	
  Delivery	
  
EDM02	
  
EDM03	
  
Ensu...
Any New Stakeholder ?
•  Procurement Management
•  Facilities Management
•  CSR officer
•  Communication Mgr
•  Business O...
Green-IT Governance, the zen future
1. Environmental	
  	
  pressure	
  	
  
2. Green-­‐IT	
  
3. From	
  opera8ons	
  to	...
Implementing Green-IT: SGM framework
•  The	
  Green-­‐IT	
  Strategy,	
  Governance	
  and	
  
Maturity	
  framework	
  s...
SGM’s structure
•  The	
  Green-­‐IT	
  SGM	
  framework	
  is	
  
mulCdimensional	
  :	
  
–  addresses	
  5	
  (IT)	
  g...
Implementing SGM :
Continuous Improvement
ASSESS	
  	
  
	
  
	
  
Quick	
  scan	
  
Detailed	
  audits	
  
Maturity	
  ch...
Implementing Green-IT: Octant
	
  
Green-­‐ict.com	
  
12/09/2013	
  
Green-­‐IT	
  @	
  CIO-­‐Club	
   38	
  
Green-IT Governance, the zen future
1. Environmental	
  	
  pressure	
  	
  
2. Green-­‐IT	
  
3. From	
  operaCons	
  to	...
Context
Industry	
  
Sponsor	
  
Sustainability	
  strategy	
  
Governance	
  archetype	
  
Public	
  Agency	
  
CIO	
  
Y...
Quickscan
•  230 topics reviewed, each question has 3 attributes
–  Governance domain (5)
–  Optimization domain (5)
–  Le...
Discrepencies
•  Non-IT scores lower than IT
•  Efficient IT, and hence quite green without knowing
•  Little understandin...
Deliverables
•  As-Is Cartography of Green Items (GI)
–  Sorted by optimization domains
–  Includes Greening OF and BY act...
As-Is cartography
Level	
  1	
   Level	
  2	
   Level	
  3	
  
Green	
  OF	
  IT	
  
DataCenter	
   1.1	
  Datacenter	
  e...
As-Is cartography
Level	
  1	
   Level	
  2	
   Level	
  3	
  
Green	
  OF	
  
IT	
  
1.Datacenter	
   1.1	
  Datacenter	
...
As-Is cartography
LEVEL	
  1	
   LEVEL	
  2	
   LEVEL	
  3	
   	
  	
   	
  	
   	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  MEASUREMENT	
...
Dashboard & Roadmap
ASSESS	
   PLAN	
   IMPLEMENT	
  
Green-­‐ict.com	
  
12/09/2013	
  
Green-­‐IT	
  @	
  CIO-­‐Club	
  ...
What’s going on
ICT	
  
Green
Governance
FaciliCes	
   PROC	
  
Common
projects
GAL GPL
Green
Dashboards
Green-IT
Strategy...
Current Achievements (abstract)
•  Alignment	
  of	
  Ticket	
  to	
  Kyoto	
  with	
  IT:	
  
 datacenter	
  efficiency	
 ...
Green-IT Governance, the zen future
1. Environmental	
  	
  pressure	
  	
  
2. Green-­‐IT	
  
3. From	
  operaCons	
  to	...
Your benefits
•  The	
  benefits	
  are	
  mulCple	
  and	
  involve	
  all	
  
stakeholders	
  
•  Immediate	
  ROI	
  (bo...
Conclusions
•  Green	
  thinking	
  is	
  pervasive;	
  
•  Green-­‐IT	
  involves	
  many	
  people	
  in	
  the	
  
orga...
 
	
  
Your	
  Partner	
  in	
  Green-­‐IT	
  
and	
  sustainable	
  business	
  strategy	
  
Thierry Holoffe
tho@green-ic...
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Green it governance cio-club

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Green-ict is proud to take the opportunity of the next "Get Together" event to share its vision on how governance approach may complement technical approach in helping ITers to positively impact the environment.

Tanguy has described to the audience why there would be a need for croporate environmental governance of IT. A lot a questions and thoughts have been exchanged during this 1h30 workshop. Although the workshop was didn't intend to bring final answer on "to go green or not to go green", the bunch of IT decision makers present that night went back to work with a better awareness of the two facets of Green-IT and where it may head to. Ahead of the main benefits they may get from such initiatives, attendees also understood the numerous side-effects sustainable projects may have in a IT department ... and beyond ...

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  • Compare 2 – 3 % w/ aviation !!Only accounting for Energy consumption.!! Scarce resourcesCO2 can be discussed; but is surely aligned with financial aspects (energy consumption) Hard to compare with impact on scarce resources when building and damages to environment when disposing … LCA Hence models do exist with Proxies.Although resource scarcity may not be a direct concern for the CIO (inter)national authorities transform their concern regulations.?
  • And more specifically the Need for Green Corporate governance of ITLet us zoom on EU’s situation
  • On peutajouteràces aspects formalisésPolitical pressureUnited Nations, European Union, nationsNGO lobbyWWF, Greenpeace, ITU, WRIThink of Greenpeace campaign against Apple ! And apple (marketing) reaction. Although this might not be a primary concern for CIOs, Green-IT image and hype offers the possibility for the CIO to take driving seat in some of the image projectsOn voitqu’un certain nombre de standardsquel’onpeutvolontairementsuivre, prennent tout doucementunetournureobligatoire avec des contraintesfinancièresà la clef.Let us focus onto a very specfici and concrete case : UK
  • Introduce a rk here on the Cloud aspect of the problem.
  • CONTROL STRATEGIC / OPERATIONAL / TECHNICAL SUSTAINABILITYImportant de remettre G-IT au seind’uneapproche plus générale de “développement durable” qui couvre, elleégalement les apects financiers (durables) d’uneorganisation.Ne pas voirdonc G-IT comme un luxe Peace-and-Love.As a future manager and decision maker, be aware that impacts of those decisions are not limited to the scope of the financial statement.
  • Re-inforcing again the need to orchestrate various profiles towards a single direction.GREEN-OF ITA few questions should be answered:What is priority for corporate ?Do I introduce new risks ?What are the side-effects ?Do I have enough maturity ?More?GREEN-BY ITSmart GridsSmart BuildingsSmart CitiesOptimizing transportationImproved Waste ManagementMore?
  • Need for all actors of the IT storyFirst two questions also highlight the need for comparing “pure CO2” and other GHGs% IT energy consumption in the servicing industry : 50 à 70 %We won’t enter here into the various models to help create some common ground for such publications; just bear in mind that although measuring Scope is not that easy to determine; not to speak when part of the computing power is virtualized to the cloud.Si l’onveut comparer ifférents DCs, ilestévidentqel’on a besoin d’un standard;Si l’onveutvoir son propre DC (sapropreinformatique) évoluer, il “suffit” de bien fixer son propre scope et s’ytenir.Highlight the fact that the graphic demonstrat a number of direct actors the (only) the enrgy consumption issue : Procurement chooses the Energy providers, Facilities build DC, Infra chooses and manages Equipments,… developers optimize CPU usage for a certain work to be achived (efficiency) while Analysts and business help making things effective.
  • Although focus is often set onto OpEx (here energy consumption), we see that the total impact on environment is far broader.Still, Usage is often made primary focus for two reasons:Can be solved by operational actionsDirectly linked to financial (non) waste’ve tried to give you some hint on what’s going on in a datacenter in terms of global warming (CO2 emissions) Let’s try to further open our minds and consider an extensive impact of a device onto environment.Other people (outside of IT are to be involved as well)Embrayericisur des réflexionsd’éco-système et donc de sustainability
  • Just want to throw a few ideas on the subject because more and more hype(see even l’Echoendof august)
  • Rappelerquel’on en a déjà touché un mot qd on a parlé de UK
  • Cloud is certainly part of the solution; (it brings of course far more that green positive returns)Still it involves a lot of parties, has dramatic impact on human resources and must be considered as a strategic decision that must be fully prepared.
  • And things are getting worse !!Opposite trends : need for IT to decrease its footprint … but the consumption for IT growth bigger and bigger.I hope I could convince you that IT IS a poluting industry;There is room for improvementThings can only get worse and worse with ever increasing demand for IT services.Besoin de R&DStdSkillsInteroperabilitéNetworkingCyberCrimemgt
  • GAMESMethodology & toolset for holistic design & operations monitoring trading-off QoS, performance, virtual & physical resource allocation, and overall resource efficiency  Power saving in between 15- 20%, with a clear trend for saving improvement if the number of p-state increases FIT4GREENDynamically tuning computing resources to the workload (tuning-off unused servers and automatically, restarting when load increases etc)  20% saving in diret server and network devices = 30% savings in reduced cooling needs.ALL4GREENEnergy savings to full ecosystem in which data centres operate through collaboration between all entities in this ecosystem with the common goalof saving energy and reducing emissions (case-study: Clouds)  - Saving 10% energy on top of existing strategiesUp to 20% during certain periods - DC federation reducing energy transport needs from remote providersavoid the 10% energy transport overheads - Temporary 10% - 20% reduction of the data centre energy demandCOOLEMALLAdvanced simulation, visualisation and decision support tools along with blueprints of computing building blocks for modular data centre environments to minimise the energy consumption & CO2 emissions Potential savings:- Rack re-arrangement: 25% savings - Capacity management: 20%; additionally . -  Free cooling: 30% . -  Increasing temperature of server room: up to 4% per 0.5 Celsius degree. CoCprovides Best Practices + (voluntary endorsement)TGGprovides industrial exchange of best practices @ DC infra level and aims and finding the best proxies possible to quantify DC’s efficiency (and effectiveness) in terms of impact onto environmentEuroCloudprovides an exchange platform and build ‘toolkits’ (e.g. generic service contracts) for CIO wanting to use Cloud solutionPDCAaims and bridging EU’s gap with US (and others) in building EU huge DCs and keeping EU independency in terms of computing power for the coming ages.
  • We’ve see the biggest challenge is to align all stakeholders in a single direction3 reasons:MarketingAccuracy of Assessment – because holistic topic requires global reachingPrepare ground for change management - & set up the right network of communication.Who’s responsible for what ?
  • Some may argue the approach is too much mechanical; still, it is interesting to compare with Delphi-like
  • COBIT highlightsRisk … in our development roadmap !!Interesting to note because nothing obvious has been stated at the business level would have been expected to lead to Risk … Still it is aligned with our own Roadmap (elaborated out of COBIT !!)COBIT missesStrategy AlignmentCapacity ManagementMapping Matrices shall be reviewed in the context of holistic initiatives like Green-IT(or in-accurate / un-precise business goals setting)
  • EDM03 -- Ensure Risk OptimizationAPO02 -- Manage StrategyBAI04 -- Manage Availability & CapacityDSS01 -- Manage OperationsMEA01 -- Monitor, Evaluate and Assess Performance and ConformanceProcurement  acquiring + follow regulationsFacilities  OperationsCSR  Strat alignmentCommunication  Change Mgt
  • Référenceverstroiple bottom line classsique de la sustainability
  • Green-It is not a one-off project
  • LIMITATIONS: + Subjectivité + seulement 4ou 5 personnesinterrogéesdanschaquesérieConstat 0 : De manièregénérale, assezpositifs … y-a-t-il un biais par le choix des intervenants ?Constat 1 : Nous ne pouvons pas juger de son efficacité ! ;-)Constat 2 : La gouvernance par essence chercheà aligner; c’estdonc sans doute du côté communication quel’onpourraagir.Green-OF : efficient (-> vert sans le savoir); mais sans doute pas assez de communication, de remise en perspective verteGreen-BY : Quasi alingment, quoique, làaussi, il y a peut-être un peu de marketing à faire pour montrerl’impact de l’ITsur le businessOrg’s involvement : c’estpeut-êtrelànotre plus grosétonnement voeuxpieuxou simple biaisdûà la libertédans les scoring ?IT’s involvement : ben on commence !! ;-)
  • Green it governance cio-club

    1. 1. Green-IT Governance Tanguy Swinnen
    2. 2. Green-IT Governance, the zen future 1. A  Few  facts     2. Green-­‐IT   3. From  opera8ons  to  governance   4. Targeted  outcomes   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   2  
    3. 3. Green-IT Governance, the zen future 1. A  Few  Facts   –  Environmental  pressure   –  External  Drivers   2. Green-­‐IT   3. From  operaCons  to  governance   4. Targeted  outcomes   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   3  
    4. 4. The environmental pressure •  We  are  facing  growing  environmental  challenges:   o  Global  warming,   o  Resources  scarcity,   o  Financial  Crisis   •  Professional  ICT  and  home  electronics  represent  2  to  3%   of  GHG  and  are  responsible  for  massive  toxic  e-­‐waste.   •  We  need  to  reduce  the  environmental  footprint  of  ICT.   •  Hopefully  ICT  is  also  an  enabler  to  a  low  carbon   economy.   Greening  BY  IT   Greening  OF  IT   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   4  
    5. 5. Green-IT Governance, the zen future 1. A  Few  Facts   –  Environmental  pressure   –  External  Drivers   2. Green-­‐IT   3. From  operaCons  to  governance   4. Targeted  outcomes   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   5  
    6. 6. From global to Green-IT Governance •  Hence  the  need  for  governance  …     –  Promotes  trust  in  the  organizaCon  and  its  people,   –  Improves  decision-­‐making  and  the  quality  of  these  decisions,   –  Enhances  the  percep8on  of  the  organizaCon  among  people,   –  Improves  the  ability  to  miCgate  risks,   –  Improves  stability  …  sustainability  (financial,  legal,  social,  industrial).     Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   6   Global   WTO,  FMI,  WEO   Na8onal   SSM  (Malaysia)   Organiza8on     Finance   IAS,  SOX   Sustainability   GRI,    ISO  14001     IT  
    7. 7. Regulations, frameworks and standards +  (N)GOs  less  formal  pressure     Pressure  is  increasing.   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   7  
    8. 8. Regulations, frameworks and standards Regula8on   Voluntary   Financial  impact   Scope   ISO  14001   Global   ISO  50001   Global   Energy  Star   Global   EU  Code  of  conduct  for   datacenter   EU   Building  regulaCon   (EPC)   EU/naConal   Carbon  monitoring   (CRC)   NaConal  (UK)   Sustainable  ICT   specificaCons  (ITU)   Global   Current  situa8on      Projected  situa8on   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   8  
    9. 9. External drivers •  RegulaCons  and  mandatory  reporCng   –  Carbon  ReporCng  (CRC),  WEEE,  RoHs   •  Customers  expectaCons   •  PoliCcal  pressure   –  United  NaCons,  European  Union,  naCons   •  NGO  lobby   –  WWF,  Greenpeace,  ITU,  WRI   •  Standards,  labels,  best  pracCces,  tools   –  ISO14000,  ISO  50000,  ISO  26000,   –  EPEAT,  Energy  Star,  EU  Code  of  Conduct,  Green  Grid     •  Environmental  protecCon   –  Kyoto  protocol   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   9  
    10. 10. Standards and labels (certificates) Type   Object   Scope   Impact   (1)   ISO  14001   STD   Environment  management  system   (InternaConal  OrganizaCon  for  StandardizaCon)   Global   CSR   ISO  50001   STD   Energy  management  system   (InternaConal  OrganizaCon  for  StandardizaCon)   Global   FaciliCes   ISO  26000   STD   Guidance  on  social  responsibility   (InternaConal  OrganizaCon  for  StandardizaCon)   Global   CSR   Energy  Star   LBL   Energy  efficiencient  for  EE  equipments   (Environment  and  Energy  Agencies  US)   Global   Proc   EPEAT   (IEEE1680)   LBL   Environmentally  preferable  electronics   (Green  Electronic  Council  US)   Global   Proc   FSC   LBL   Eco  paper  (not  recycled)   (Forest  Sterwardship  Council  US)   Global   Proc   LEED   LBL   Eco  efficient  buildings   (Green  Building  Council)   US   FaciliCes   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   10  
    11. 11. Directives, best practices, reporting and tools Type   Object   Scope   Impact   (1)   CRC   REP   Carbon  ReporCng  Commitment   (Government)   UK   CSR   GRI   REP   Sustainability    reporCng  framework  (3BL)   (Global  ReporCng  IniCaCve)   Global   CSR   CoC  datacenter   BP   Datacenter  efficiency  pracCces   (European  Commission)   EU   ICT   ADEME   BP   Code  of  conduct  for  greenwashing   (Environment  and  Energy  Management  Agency)   FR   Comm   DC  Maturity  Model   TL   Goals  and  direcCons  for  DC  efficiency   (Green  Grid  US)   Global   ICT   ODCA   BP   Guidance  CO2  reporCng  (cloud  providers)   (Open  data  Center  Alliance)   Global   ICT   WEEE   DIR   CollecCon,  recycling,  recovery  targets   (European  Commission)   UE   Proc   UNFCCC   Protocol  NM0350     DIR   (BP)   Datacenter  efficiency  (moneCzaCon)   (UN  Framework  ConvenCon  on  Climate  Change  +   Power  Assure  and  Carbonomics)   Global   ICT   Now  entered  into   force   NEW  AND  HOT   The  methodology  will  help  data  centers  realize  potenCal   energy  savings  and  carbon  reducCon  in  areas  where  CER   (CerCfied  Emission  ReducCon)  credits  can  be  traded  and   sold  to  buyers  in  industrialized  countries  with  reducCon   targets  under  the  Kyoto  Protocol.     Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   11  
    12. 12. Mandatory carbon reporting (UK) Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   12   •  Companies  listed  on  the  London  Stock  Exchange  must   measure  and  report  on  their  carbon  emissions  from  April   2013,     •  Companies  have  to  report  on  their  emissions  in  all   countries  of  opera8on,  not  just  the  UK,     •  Companies  must  include  all  direct  emissions  but  also   report  emissions  from  purchased  heat  and  electricity   and  emissions  from  surface  transportaCon,  even  if   provided  by  a  third  party.   Will  concern  more  companies  in  a  near  future   Will  prevent  uncontroled  «  grey  »  opera8ons   Indirect  emissions  should  be  accounted.  
    13. 13. Mandatory carbon reporting (UK) Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   13   On  a  pure  ICT  point  of  view,  mandatory  reporCng  should  help   embed  climate  change  consideraCons  :   •  into  investment  decisions,   •  into  operaConal  decisions.   But,  to  avoid  a  race  to  low  carbon  reporCng  and  prior  to   taxaCon,  indirect  emission  need  to  be  accounted     Companies  that  voluntarily  report  their  climate  change  impacts  realize   other   benefits   such   as   saving   costs   through   energy   efficiency,   the   adopCon  of  new  technologies  and  increased  innovaCon.   This   is   a   long   journey,   as   no   internaConal   reporCng   standard  exist,  and  ther  is  no  «  SAS70  »  for  third-­‐parCes   (indirect)  carbon  emissions.   cloud   supplier.   Offshore   development    
    14. 14. Green-IT Governance, the zen future 1. A  Few  Facts   2. Green-­‐IT   –  Scope   –  Challenges   –  Hot  topic  :  Cloud   –  EU’s  (and  other’s)  response   3. From  operaCons  to  governance   4. Targeted  outcomes   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   14  
    15. 15. Green-IT governance and the triple bottom line The  broader  concept  of  sustainability   •  The  triple  bolom  line  (TBL)  is  made  up  of  "social,  economic  and   environmental"  factors.    TBL  accounCng  expands  the  tradiConal   reporCng  framework  to  take  into  account  social  and   environmental  performance  in  addiCon  to  financial  performance;   •  The  concept  of  TBL  has  three  pillars:  People,  Profit  and  Planet.   •  Green-IT also comprises managerial aspects to control and monitor the effectiveness of implemented measures as well as marketing measures to communicate the success towards important stakeholders (Erek et al. 2009). •  These measures can be structured regarding their strategic, operational and technical impact and along the IT activity chain of IT departments covering a source, make (data center, office environment), deliver and return process (Schmidt et al. 2009; Molla 2008). •  Green-IT is a systematic application of environmental sustainability criteria to the design, production, sourcing, use, and disposal of the IT infrastructure in order to reduce IT, business process, and supply chain related emissions and waste and improve energy efficiency (Molla et al. 2009). Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   15  
    16. 16. A few Green-IT activities Greening  Of  IT  …  2  -­‐>  3  %   AcCons  taken  by  an  organizaCon  to  lower  IT   environmental  footprint.   e.g.     Managing  electrical  power  used  by  IT   infrastructure     Managing  wastes  and  consumables  used  by  IT   and  related  systems     Sustainable  IT  pracCces     IntegraCng  and  aligning  with  enterprise  level   carbon  management  targets  and  iniCaCves   Greening  By  IT  …  98%   ICT  projects  and  products  allowing  a  reducCon   of  the  global  environmental  footprint  (*).     e.g.     Environmental  friendly  pracCces  (travel   opCmizaCon  /  reducCon,  ...)     Water  opCmizaCon  in  gardening     IntegraCng  building  automaCon  &  power   management  systems     Eco-­‐driving     Home-­‐energy  monitoring   (*)  GeSI  evaluates  to  16,5%  the  potenCal  for  IT  to  help   reducing  industry  GHG  emissions.     IT:  3%   Other   Industries:   97%   Green  of  ICT   Main  focus  :   •  Easy  (operaConal)   •  Low  hanging  fruits       Green  by  ICT   Lille  alenCon  today:   •  Broader  scope   •  Higher  potenCal         Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   16  
    17. 17. Green-IT Governance, the zen future 1. A  Few  Facts   2. Green-­‐IT   –  Scope   –  Challenges   –  Hot  topic  :  Cloud   –  EU’s  (and  other’s)  response   3. From  operaCons  to  governance   4. Targeted  outcomes   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   17  
    18. 18. 1. Who’s involved ? Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   18   (in)  direct     consumpCon  
    19. 19. 2. Behind utilization •  A  model  to  consider  full  life  of  a  product  on  Earth  …   •  …  and  idenCfy,  @  each  step,  what  can  be  done.   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   19  
    20. 20. 3. All actors in a single direction •  OperaCng  model  for  the  management  of  Green-­‐IT   iniCaCves  (OF,BY).       Green-­‐IT  Governance   ICT   CSR   HR   PROCUREMENT   FACILITIES   OPERATIONS  (  business)     RISK/LEGAL   COMMUNICATION   Finance   Frameworks    &  Standards   Pragma8c  implementa8on   BENEFITS   Con8nuous  improvement  Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   20   Green   IniCaCves  
    21. 21. Green-IT Governance, the zen future 1. A  Few  Facts   2. Green-­‐IT   –  Scope   –  Challenges   –  Hot  topic  :  Cloud   –  EU’s  (and  other’s)  response   3. From  operaCons  to  governance   4. Targeted  outcomes   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   21  
    22. 22. Reminder •  Major  waste  of  energy  in  DC  ?  Cooling   •  How  to  reduce  that  waste  ?  Free  Cooling   •  How  to  achieve  Free  Cooling  ?  To  the  North  !!   •  Can  you  do  that  with  your  DC  ?  No!     SOLUTION  :  share  a  DC  !   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   22  
    23. 23. Accountability •  Outsourcing  does  not  relieve  from   accountability!   – Make  sure  you  can  audit  your  provider   – IdenCfy  your  part  of  DC’s  environmental  impact   – Take  into  consideraCon  the  whole  chain   •  OpConal  backups   •  Networking   •  …   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   23  
    24. 24. And … •  Legal  aspects   •  PRISM     •  Interoperability   •  Risk  percepCon   •  Human     Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   24  
    25. 25. Green-IT Governance, the zen future 1. A  Few  Facts   2. Green-­‐IT   –  Scope   –  Challenges   –  Hot  topic  :  Cloud   –  EU’s  (and  other’s)  response   3. From  operaCons  to  governance   4. Targeted  outcomes   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   25  
    26. 26. Ever growing use of IT •  IT  Spending  Forecast  Summary,  Q2  2012  Update   Gartner's  current  U.S.  dollar  growth  forecast  for  overall  global  IT  spending  in   2012  has  been  revised  up  slightly  from  2.5%  last  quarter  to  3.0%  now.   •  EU  tries  to  help  its  market  to  keep  pace   …  together  with  maintaining  H2020  objecCves.   Ever growing use of IT Higher and Higher environmental pressure (H2020)   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   26  
    27. 27. (future) stds do exist and are here to help Annex - General Logo for promotional purposes - Participant logo - Endorser logoGreen-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   27  
    28. 28. Green-IT Governance, the zen future 1. Environmental    pressure     2. Green-­‐IT   3. From  opera8ons  to  governance   –  Governance  schemes     –  ImplemenCng  Green-­‐IT:  SGM  framework     4. Targeted  outcomes   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   28  
    29. 29. Different governance schemes •  Choose  the  governance  leadership   o  Corporate  level:      CEO,  board,   o  IT  centric:        CIO,   o  Sustainability  driven  CSR  Manager;   •  Choose  the  governance  model   o  Opt  for  a  centralised  or  decentralised  model,   o  Interact  (or  not)  with  other  models  (CobIT,  ISO14000);   •  Choose  a  governance  framework  and  a  tool  to  qualify   the  achievements  and  quanCfy  the  objecCves.   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   29  
    30. 30. Green’ing a FW •  Prepare to change by identifying the right stakeholders (out of usual IT domain of influence) –  Helps interviewing the right persons for accurate assessment; –  Helps in identifying the right pain- killers; –  Helps identify the right persons for communicating initiatives and manage changes. Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   30  
    31. 31. From Typical Business Goals To IT Goals ... To COBIT Processes Formal approach Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   31  
    32. 32. Processes of interest Expert   Mappings   EDM   EDM02   Ensure  Benefits  Delivery   EDM02   EDM03   Ensure  Risk  OpCmizaCon   APO   APO02   Manage  Strategy   APO12   Manage  Risk   APO01   Manage  the  IT  Management  Framework   APO12       BAI   BAI04   Manage  Availability  &  Capacity   BAI01     Manage  Programmes  and  Projects     DSS   DSS01   Manage  OperaCons   DSS01   MEA   MEA01   Monitor,  Evaluate  and  Assess  Performance  and   Conformance   MEA01   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   32  
    33. 33. Any New Stakeholder ? •  Procurement Management •  Facilities Management •  CSR officer •  Communication Mgr •  Business Operations (*) … and external stakeholders Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   33  
    34. 34. Green-IT Governance, the zen future 1. Environmental    pressure     2. Green-­‐IT   3. From  opera8ons  to  governance   –  Governance  schemes     –  Implemen8ng  Green-­‐IT:  SGM  framework     4. Targeted  outcomes   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   34  
    35. 35. Implementing Green-IT: SGM framework •  The  Green-­‐IT  Strategy,  Governance  and   Maturity  framework  supports  the   organizaCon  from  day  1.     •  Green-­‐IT  SGM  is  a  pure  governance   methodology,  it  implements,  monitors  and   controls:   –  The  transformaCon  of  CSR  or  sustainable   strategy  into  tac8cal  Green-­‐IT  decisions  at   departmental  level,   –  The  converCon  of  tac8cal  decisions  into   opera8onal  acCviCes,   –  The  Green-­‐IT  porlolio  and  dashboard  of  KPIs.     Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   35  
    36. 36. SGM’s structure •  The  Green-­‐IT  SGM  framework  is   mulCdimensional  :   –  addresses  5  (IT)  governance   domains   –  analyses  the  con8ngencies     –  gathers  various  regula8ons  under  a   single      umbrella   –  calculates  5  maturity  levels   –  comprises  4  phases  keeping  3   perspec8ves  in  mind:  3Ps   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   36  
    37. 37. Implementing SGM : Continuous Improvement ASSESS         Quick  scan   Detailed  audits   Maturity  check             RecommandaCons   Quick  Wins     PLAN   IMPLEMENT         Project  Plan   Green  objecCves   KPI  definiCon                 Strategic   TacCcal   OperaConal             Green-­‐IT  Strategy   Roadmap     Green  BSC   Green  PPM         Periodic  reassessment   Risk  miCgaCon             CommunicaCon   From  greening  OF  IT  -­‐>  Sustainable  IT      Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   37  
    38. 38. Implementing Green-IT: Octant   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   38  
    39. 39. Green-IT Governance, the zen future 1. Environmental    pressure     2. Green-­‐IT   3. From  operaCons  to  governance   4. Targeted  outcomes   1.  Typical  Case   2.  Your  benefits   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   39  
    40. 40. Context Industry   Sponsor   Sustainability  strategy   Governance  archetype   Public  Agency   CIO   Yes,  under  CSR  responsibility   Decentralised  governance   Demand   Green  maturity  of  organizaCon   Large  focus  (greening  of  and  by  IT)   Green  achievements   1.  Immediate  wins  in  datacenter  operaCon   2.  Improvement  of  the  data  management  processes   3.  ImplementaCon  of  Green  KPIs     4.  Boost  of  homework  iniCaCve   Collateral  achievements   1.  Energy  week  (internal  communicaCon)   2.  Change  of  behaviour  between  faciliCes  and  IT   3.  Green-­‐IT  as  part  of  Kyoto  program  (CSR)   Status   Ongoing  project   Conclusions   Green-­‐IT  is  a  company  wide  concern   Load  (duraCon)   ASSESS   20  days     (2  months)   PLAN    45  days    (4  months)   IMPLEMENT   60  days     Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   40              
    41. 41. Quickscan •  230 topics reviewed, each question has 3 attributes –  Governance domain (5) –  Optimization domain (5) –  Level (strategic, tactic, operational) •  15 anonymized interviews –  6 ICT –  2 CSR –  1 facilities –  1 procurement –  1 HR –  2 communication –  2 operation (business) •  The answers are: –  0 to 5 (pertinence) –  Text (process) –  Number (measurement) ASSESS   PLAN   IMPLEMENT   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   41  
    42. 42. Discrepencies •  Non-IT scores lower than IT •  Efficient IT, and hence quite green without knowing •  Little understanding from non-IT’ers about what IT actually does •  IT’s willingness to go further in the green direction Green-­‐Of   Green-­‐By   Org's   involvement   IT's  involvement   IT     non-­‐IT   ASSESS   PLAN   IMPLEMENT   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   42  
    43. 43. Deliverables •  As-Is Cartography of Green Items (GI) –  Sorted by optimization domains –  Includes Greening OF and BY actions •  Quick wins •  Findings and recommendations –  Strategic –  Tactical –  Operational •  As-Is maturity –  Yesmen and never happy ones removed –  Global and specific views –  Internal benchmarking •  Draft of roadmap ASSESS   PLAN   IMPLEMENT   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   43  
    44. 44. As-Is cartography Level  1   Level  2   Level  3   Green  OF  IT   DataCenter   1.1  Datacenter  efficiency   1.2  Datacenter  load     Office   AutomaCon   2.1  Desktop  management   2.2  PrinCng  management   IT  OrganizaCon     3.1  IT  architecture  (server,  storage)  opCmizaCon   3.2  Storage  and  archiving  management   3.3  Sustainable  (green-­‐IT)  projects   Enterprise   4.1  Paper  consumpCon  reducCon   Sustainability   5.1  Global  IT  footprint   5.2  Greening  BY  IT  projects   ASSESS   PLAN   IMPLEMENT   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   44  
    45. 45. As-Is cartography Level  1   Level  2   Level  3   Green  OF   IT   1.Datacenter   1.1  Datacenter  efficiency   • Split  data  rooms   • Deployment/moving  hardware   • Usage  water  cooling   • Usage  free  cooling   • HeaCng  reuse   • Datacenter  harmonizaCon   • Cooling  management   1.2  Datacenter  load     • New  storage  purchase   • New  servers  purchase   • Physical  decommissioning   • Ghost  servers  hunCng   • Energy  monitoring   ASSESS   PLAN   IMPLEMENT   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   45  
    46. 46. As-Is cartography LEVEL  1   LEVEL  2   LEVEL  3                        MEASUREMENT       ID   Type   Domain   Name   Lead   Status   ReferenCal   Exist   Ref   Unit   Period   Historic   Quality   Remarks   DC-­‐1       OF                   Datacenter   Datacenter   efficiency     FaciliCes   Ongoing   COC   datacenter,   Green  Grid   YES                               Usage  of  free   cooling   FaciliCes   Stopped                               Tested  in  DC1,  then  stopped.    Bad   ROI  vs  the  move  to  a  new   datacenter  in  2015.       Move   hardware  to   more  efficient   datacenter     FaciliCes   Ongoing                               Yes.    As  the  maximum  energy   capacity  is  reached  in  DC1  and   DC2  (actual  electricity  use  @   approximately  80%  of  total   available  electricity).  Usage  of   collocaCon  datacenter  premises     (lower  PUE,  around  1,5)       Plan  new   datacenter   (more   efficient)   FaciliCes   Ongoing                               Done,  waiCng  for  implementaCon   decision  (country).    Is  currently  a   blocking  factor  for  energy   efficiency  investments,  like   dynamic  cooling.       Energy   efficiency   monitoring   Facilites   Ongoing   PUE  1,80   YES   PUE   n/a   Month   Yes     High   Yes.    ObjecCve  for  DC1  (1,80-­‐1,83)   for  2011.    1,81  in  January.     ObjecCve  for  DC2  (1,86),  1,83  in   December  2010.    For  collocaCon,   fixed  PUE  of  1,5  (in  contract).  No   other  KPI  measured,  an  iniCaCve   as  been  launched  end  of  April  by   FaciliCes  to  measure  CUE  et  WUE.   PUE    Level  of  Efficiency       3,0    Very  Inefficient     2,5    Inefficient     2,0    Average   1,5    Efficient   1,2  Very  Efficient   ASSESS   PLAN   IMPLEMENT   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   46  
    47. 47. Dashboard & Roadmap ASSESS   PLAN   IMPLEMENT   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   47  
    48. 48. What’s going on ICT   Green Governance FaciliCes   PROC   Common projects GAL GPL Green Dashboards Green-IT Strategy Common projects ASSESS   PLAN   IMPLEMENT   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   48  
    49. 49. Current Achievements (abstract) •  Alignment  of  Ticket  to  Kyoto  with  IT:    datacenter  efficiency  improvement,      PC  switch  off  implementaCon,    Green  prinCng  management;   •  Green-­‐IT  awareness  campaign:    SCckers  in  liys,  on  printers,  in  meeCng  rooms,    Green-­‐IT  best  pracCces  on  intranet;   •  Pilot  Greening-­‐BY  IT  projects:    Homeworking,    Thin  clients  project  for  field  workers  ;   •  Green  dashboard  of  KPIs.   Quick   Wins   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   49  
    50. 50. Green-IT Governance, the zen future 1. Environmental    pressure     2. Green-­‐IT   3. From  operaCons  to  governance   4. Targeted  outcomes   1.  Typical  Case   2.  Your  benefits   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   50  
    51. 51. Your benefits •  The  benefits  are  mulCple  and  involve  all   stakeholders   •  Immediate  ROI  (both  finance  and  environment  !)  and  quick  wins   •  Improved  corporate  branding  /  image   •  High  shareholder  value  /  saCsfacCon   •  GHG  and  e-­‐waste  emissions  reporCng   •  AnCcipate  regulaCons  /  avoid  penalCes   •  In  line  with  company’s  CSR  mission   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   51  
    52. 52. Conclusions •  Green  thinking  is  pervasive;   •  Green-­‐IT  involves  many  people  in  the   organizaCon.   …   •  Unifying  frameworks  do  exist;   •  Low-­‐Hanging  fruits  can  easily  be   idenCfied  …   together  with  mid-­‐  and  long-­‐  term   visionary  roadmap.   Green-­‐ict.com   12/09/2013   Green-­‐IT  @  CIO-­‐Club   52  
    53. 53.     Your  Partner  in  Green-­‐IT   and  sustainable  business  strategy   Thierry Holoffe tho@green-ict.com @ThierryHoloffe Tanguy Swinnen tsw@green-ict.com @TanguySwinnen   www.green-­‐ict.com     green@green-­‐ict.com   @Green_ICT_Com      Green-­‐IT  Observatory  

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