The Green Delusion

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Pascal Hartmann is a German sociologist and an experienced strategy executive and theory designer. He is also the Director of the R & D Department at Logon Architecture. With an eye to the future, his work embraces the architectural heritage of the city in a sustainable fashion.

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The Green Delusion

  1. 1. the green delusion
  2. 2. logon urbanization
  3. 3. logon 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%19 6019 6219 6419 6619 6819 7019 7219 7419 7619 7819 8019 8219 8419 8619 8819 9019 9219 9419 9619 9820 0020 0220 04 urbanization rate of China20 0620 0820 1020 1220 1420 1620 1820 2020 2220 2420 26
  4. 4. logon +350.000.000 350 million people will be added to the cities by 2025 source: china statistical yearbook 2009
  5. 5. logon 2.000.000.000 m 2 square meters of building are built in China every year
  6. 6. logon cities with more than a million inhabitants in China in 2000
  7. 7. logon 221 cities with more than a million inhabitants in China in 2000
  8. 8. logon modernization uprgading infrasturcture, improving living conditions, changing social structures
  9. 9. logon GDP and energy production (1978-2010) 50000 300000 250000 40000 200000 30000 150000 20000 100000 10000 50000 08 00 06 04 02 88 80 10 98 90 86 84 82 96 94 92 78 20 20 20 20 20 20 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 GDP (100 million yuan) Energy Production (10,000 tons of SCE) economic growth & energy consumption source: china statistical yearbook 20111
  10. 10. logon
  11. 11. logon Shanghai air pollution now the worst on record Pollution in the southern Chinese city of Shanghai has reached record levels, pushing air quality levels to ‘severe’ or ‘hazardous,’ the highest level on the Air Quality Index Scale. May 5th 2011 source: Shanghai Daily
  12. 12. logon environmental impact of the building sector 40% 30- 40% 30% of the worlds concrete and of urban waste come from of total energy is consumed by steel are used in China’s construction sites buildings in China construction source: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cndy/2010-04/06/content_9687627.htm
  13. 13. logon
  14. 14. logon
  15. 15. logon
  16. 16. logon “Green building will continue its rapid expansion globally in 2013 in spite of ongoing economic difficulties. More people are building green each year, and there is nothing on the horizon that will stop this MegaTrend or its constituent elements.“ Jerry Yudelson for Sustainable Industries - January 1st 2013
  17. 17. logon LEED and China 3 Star Projects in China 300 200 100 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 LEED 2 6 6 14 45 109 194* China 3 Star 10 30 113 297 *) September 2012: 226
  18. 18. logon 7.500.000 m 2 sqm of LEED certified buildings in China in total
  19. 19. logon 2.000.000.000 m 2 square meters of building are built in China every year
  20. 20. logon 221 cities with more than a million inhabitants in China in 2000
  21. 21. logon green building market mass market
  22. 22. logon green building market mass market 2.000.000.000
  23. 23. logon a green mass market
  24. 24. logon “built it and sell it” lack of long-term interests in a developer dominated market
  25. 25. logon 88% of households live in self-owned housing source: economist Intelligence Unit 2012
  26. 26. logon age of home buyers in China 26.2% 5.3% 30 - 39 years 40-49 years 72.5% of home buyers are between 20 and 39 14.2% years old. The 50-59 years reason for this high number is the materialistic approach to 46.3% 8.0% marriage. 20 - 29 years 60+ years source: China Index Academy and sofun http://fdc.soufun.com/report/4930.htm
  27. 27. logon the Chinese way of lifebuy an appartment get married buy a car have a child source: china statistical yearbook 2009
  28. 28. logon
  29. 29. logon factors for apartment purchase price 49.4 % location 39.3 % transport 33.1 % compound 32.6 % facilities 9.9 % apartment type 7.6 % quality 6.9 % management 2.1 % developer 1.8% others 0.3 %energy efficiency is not even in the list, quality is a minor criterium source: source: China Index Academy and sofun http://fdc.soufun.com/report/4930.htm
  30. 30. logon fast and cheap source: china statistical yearbook 2009
  31. 31. logon building quality
  32. 32. logon
  33. 33. logon
  34. 34. logon building durability 25-30 years 74 years 132 years “ Our buildings can only stand 25 to 30 years on average. “ Chou Baoxing, vice-minister of MOHURD
  35. 35. logon buildings in China use twice as much energy for heating source: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/2011/11/09/building-energy-efficient-homes-for-low-carbon-cities-in-china
  36. 36. logon
  37. 37. logon “Green buildings will continue its rapid expansion globally in 2013 in spite of ongoing economic difficulties. More people are building green each year, and there is nothing on the horizon that will stop this MegaTrend or its constituent elements.“ Jerry Yudelson for Sustainable Industries - January 1st 2013
  38. 38. logon Technology Behavior Design
  39. 39. logon
  40. 40. logon Kunshan
  41. 41. logon
  42. 42. logon source: china statistical yearbook 2009
  43. 43. energy efficiency by design: Kunshan Software Park
  44. 44. logon
  45. 45. logon
  46. 46. logon Jining
  47. 47. logon
  48. 48. logon
  49. 49. logon source: china statistical yearbook 2009
  50. 50. logon Jiaxing
  51. 51. logon
  52. 52. logon
  53. 53. logon
  54. 54. logon
  55. 55. logon energy efficent design is good design

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