10. green carbon, inc fred taylor & phil wilson


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10. green carbon, inc fred taylor & phil wilson

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  2. 2. Mining TiresTire Weight: 12,000 PoundsPyrolysis Oil: 650 GallonsCarbon Black: 7,000 PoundsSteel: 2,000 Pounds 2
  3. 3. Organic Portion of the VCR Carbon BlackThe surface chemistry of a series of commercial rubber grade carbon black and CBp wasinvestigated by ESCA. In Figure 3 the C1s spectra of a commercial carbon black and of aCBp are shown. The spectra were fitted to an asymmetric peak of graphitic carbon, apeak from carbon in small aromatic compounds, three peaks for carbon with one, twoand three bonds to oxygen and finally to a Plasmon peak. In the C1s spectra of thecommercial carbon blacks in addition to graphitic and Plasmon peaks only very smallpeaks of other carbon were observed, indicating that the surface of commercial carbonblacks consists mostly of graphitic carbon. In contrast to the spectra of commercialcarbon blacks the c1s spectra of CBp showed a pronounced peak (c1) of carbons in smallaromatic compounds. The area of the c1 peak depends strongly on the vacuumconversion process conditions. It is decreasing with increasing vacuum conversionprocess temperature and decreasing vacuum conversion process pressure (Figure 4). Thec1 peak is assigned to vacuum conversion process carbon which is formed fromhydrocarbons adsorbed on the carbon black surface. The increase of the vacuumconversion carbon deposited with increasing vacuum conversion pressure is easilyexplained since the concentration of the vacuum conversion carbon forminghydrocarbons in the gas phase increases with increasing pressure. An increase ofvacuum conversion temperature reduces the amount of hydrocarbons absorbed on thesurface on the carbon black which are precursors in vacuum conversion carbonformation and therefore the amount of vacuum conversion carbon decreases withincreasing vacuum conversion temperature. Figure 4 also includes two CBp which wereproduced by vacuum conversion at atmospheric pressure (100.0 kPa) at 500 degrees C incommercial tire vacuum conversion plants: ECO2 Florida and Kobe,Japan. The Kobe process also includes apost vacuum conversion heat treatment ofthe CBp at 600 degrees C. Comparisonwith the CBp from vacuum conversionshowed that the vacuum conversion invacuum significantly reduces theconcentration of vacuum conversioncarbon on the CBp. A post vacuumconversion heat treatment reduces theamount of vacuum conversion 3
  4. 4. carbon deposited on CBp from atmospheric vacuum conversion. However, theconcentration of vacuum conversion carbon was still much higher than after vacuumconversion.The deposition of vacuum conversion carbon on the carbon black surface also influencesthe surface morphology of CBp. Commercial rubber-grade carbon blacks have a roughsurface. CBp from vacuum conversion have a similar surface morphology whereas CBpfrom atmospheric vacuum conversion have a smoother surface due to vacuum conversioncarbon deposited on the surface.Inorganic Portion of the vacuum conversion Carbon BlackAn important difference between commercial carbon blacks and CBp is the highconcentration of inorganic components in the latter. Commercial carbon blacks usuallycontain less than 0.2% of ash, whereas the ash concentration in CBp can be as high as15.0%. The most important sources for inorganic components in the CBp are usuallyZnO and S which are used as vulcanization catalyst and vulcanization agent,respectively and sometimes mineral fillers as SiO2 and Al2O3.The composition of the inorganic components in the CBpdepends on the pyrolysis conditions.Diffractogramms of CBp from vacuum conversion at0.3 kPa and different vacuum conversiontemperatures are presented in Figure 5. In spite ofthe presence of silica and alumina, ZnO and ZnSwere the only crystalline inorganic compounds inthe CBp. The concentration of ZnO decreased withincreasing vacuum conversion temperature andvacuum conversion pressure, whereas theconcentration of ZnS increased the same order. ZnSis formed by reaction of S with ZnO: ZnO + S - > ZnS+1/2 O2. S originates from decomposed organicsulfur compounds. The formation of ZnS isimportant, since ZnS forms individual particles andZnS has a much higher density than the organic partof CBp which should allow a separation of Zn fromthe CBp (e.g. by flotation). 4
  5. 5. V.C.R. V.C.R. 6
  6. 6. 15” Trailer Tire made withGreen Carbon’s carbon black
  7. 7. Energy Star Helps Auto Plants Improve Energy EfficiencyRelease date: 06/22/2010Contact Information: Stacy Kika, kika.stacy@epa.gov, 202-564-0906,Enesta Jones, jones.enesta@epa.gov, 202-564-7873WASHINGTON – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Energy Star program hashelped improve the energy efficiency of the auto manufacturing industry, which has cutfossil fuel use by 12 percent and reduced greenhouse gases by more than 700,000 tons ofcarbon dioxide, according to a recent report by the Nicholas Institute for EnvironmentalPolicy Solutions at Duke University. The emissions reductions, which help to fight climatechange, equal the emissions from the electricity use of more than 80,000 homes for a year.The report, Assessing Improvement in the Energy Efficiency of U.S. Auto Assembly Plants,affirms EPA’s energy management strategy, particularly the importance of performancemeasurement and recognition for top performance. The report also demonstrates that thegap between top performing plants and others has closed and the performance of theindustry as a whole has improved.Central to this energy management approach is the Energy Star Energy PerformanceIndicator (EPI) for auto assembly plants, which enables industry to benchmark plant energyperformance against peers and over time. Energy Star EPIs exist or are under developmentfor more than 20 other industries. Across these industries, EPA has recognized nearly 60manufacturing plants with the Energy Star label, representing savings of more than $500million and more than 6 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent annually.The U.S. industrial sector accounts for more than 30 percent of energy use in the UnitedStates. If the energy efficiency of industrial facilities improved by 10 percent, EPA estimatesthat Americans would save nearly $20 billion and reduce greenhouse gas emissions equalto the emissions from the electricity use of more than 22 million homes for a year.Hundreds of industrial companies across more than a dozen manufacturing industries areworking with EPA’s Energy Star program to develop strong energy management programs,earn the Energy Star for their plants and achieve breakthrough improvements in energyefficiency. 8
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  9. 9. Oil Distillation Unit
  10. 10. Heavy Oil sample resultsBased on a recent True Boiling Point assay, the refinery fractionswere listed as follows1) IBP - 115 °F LPG / Light Naphtha2) 115 – 165 °F Naphtha3) 165 – 350 °F Heavy Naphtha / Gasoline4) 350 – 450 °F Light Kerosene / Light Diesel5) 450 – 525 °F Kerosene / Diesel6) 525 – 650 °F Heavy Diesel7) 650 – 800 °F Light Gas Oil8) 800 – 1000 °F Heavy Gas Oil9) 1000+ °F ResidualBased on the simulated distillation run on your Heavy Oil Sample2011070220, each fraction in approximate wt% would be :1) <1.02) <1.03) 8.04) 5.05) 5.06) 9.07) 37.08) 33.09) 3.0
  11. 11. Light Oil sample resultsBased on a recent True Boiling Point assay, the refinery fractionswere listed as follows1) IBP - 115 °F LPG / Light Naphtha2) 115 – 165 °F Naphtha3) 165 – 350 °F Heavy Naphtha / Gasoline4) 350 – 450 °F Light Kerosene / Light Diesel5) 450 – 525 °F Kerosene / Diesel6) 525 – 650 °F Heavy Diesel7) 650 – 800 °F Light Gas Oil8) 800 – 1000 °F Heavy Gas Oil9) 1000+ °F ResidualBased on the simulated distillation run on your sample2011060269, each fraction in approximate wt% would be :1) <1.02) 1.03) 22.04) 16.05) 14.06) 20.07) 18.08) 9.09) <1.0
  12. 12. I have looked over the PIANO and Simulated Distillation reports for your recent oil sample on our Certificateof Analysis 2011060269-001A. We have talked about the possibility of using this material as a diesel fuel orrefinery feedstock.The Simulated Distillation shows the boiling range of your material to be 109 °F to 1025 °F with a midpoint of508 °F. This is wider than the boiling range of a #2 diesel which typically run about 350 °F to 700 °F.The PIANO analysis gives us some insight into the composition of the oil sample. The dark straw color,aromatic odor, and (low) 24.5 ° API Gravity are all non characteristic for #2 diesel fuel. The Paraffin contentis 3.6 wt% and Iso-paraffin content is 51.8 wt%. This is inverse of what we typically see for diesel fuels.Aromatic content at 18.0 wt % is typical of diesel. Both Olefin content at 5.1 wt% and Naphthenic (Cyclo-paraffin) content at 21.6 wt% are a little high for diesel fuels. Basically the PIANO analysis is telling us thatwe are looking at a used or similarly recovered refined distillate.Ruling out the possibility of using this product directly as a #2 diesel fuel, it is still very likely that it wouldinterest a refiner as a feedstock. With that in mind, it is best to approach the refiner and directly determinethe analytical needs required to submit the product. Typically, in conjunction with the distillation andcomposition, refiners would want to know acidity, sulfur, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, chloride, metals,viscosity, sediment, and water to name a few additional analyses. As you can see, it would save money todetermine what is actually required.We can certainly help you with any additional analyses that you may require. Thank you for your businessand feel free to contact me if you have any further questions.________________________________________Tom BenzAssistant Hydrocarbon Laboratory ManagerSPL, Inc.8820 Interchange Drive | Houston, TX 77054P: 713.660.0901 x 182 | F: 713.660.6035tbenz@spl-inc.com
  13. 13. Green Carbon Products produced from reclaimed carbon black.Hoses OTR Tires
  14. 14. Green Carbon’s Carbon Black Advantages • Abundant, No Cost Feedstock • Not Tied to the Cost of Oil • Standard Passenger Tire Produces 7.5 Pounds of Environmentally Friendly “Green” Carbon Black • Tire Processing Facilities Can Easily be Located near or at Tire Plants