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05 juhern kim_asem env forum nov2012
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05 juhern kim_asem env forum nov2012


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  • 1. Sustainable Development Assessment: Towards Measurable GoalsAccelerating Bottom-up Approach onGreen Growth and Eco-Innovation @ASEM ENV Forum 21 November 2012 Juhern Kim
  • 2. Table of Contents1. Introduction2. MDGs and SDGs, why we are setting the Goals?3. Accelerating Green Growth and Eco-Innovationat the bottom-up level4. Case studies in BOP market5. Conclusion
  • 3. 1. Introduction
  • 4. 2. MDGs and SDGs , why we are setting the goals?
  • 5. MDGs and Post-2015
  • 6. Source: The UN MillenniumDevelopment Goals Report 2012
  • 7. Rio+20, and challenges ahead Green Growth- Over 1.3 billion people still do not have access to electricity Eco-Innovation- 2.5 billion people live without basic sanitation- 4 billion people live on less than $9 per day
  • 8. 3.Accelerating Green Growth and Eco-Innovation at the bottom-up level
  • 9. Green Growth and Eco-InnovationGreen growth means fostering economic growth and development, whileensuring that natural assets continue to provide the resources andenvironmental services on which our well-being relies. - OECDGreen growth is the new revolutionary development paradigm that sustainseconomic growth while at the same time ensuring climatic and environmentalsustainability. - GGGIEco-innovation is any form of innovation resulting in or aiming at significantand demonstrable progress towards the goal of sustainable developmentthrough reducing impacts on the environment, enhancing resilience toenvironmental pressures, or achieving a more efficient and responsible use ofnatural resources. - European Commission Eco-Innovation Action Plan(2012)
  • 10. Innovation status in Developing Countries(policy view) Insufficient green growth innovation activity and a lack of international initiatives to remedy this Current status Insufficient Suggestions integration from Focus on building innovation to innovation capacity in implementation, LDCs and a lack of international Be flexible and take risks mechanisms that to respond to unknown might support this future market needsSource: GGGI and Brookings Institute (2012) Insufficient innovation capacity in LDC countries, and scarcity of capacity building in international initiative
  • 11. Innovation status in Developing Countries(bottom-up view) Potential in BOP market (living on less than 9 dollars per day) – collective purchasing power: estimated 5 trillion dollars Source: Hammond (2007) Challenges Eco-Innovation Opportunities - Scarce public and global funding - Untapped eco-innovation potential in - ODA tends to support direct not-so-high tech in developing spefic target countries (‘appropriate technology’) - Local enterprise has limited - Opportunities are there to nurture access to long-term financing local entrepreneurship
  • 12. Why Innovation is difficult?In Thailand14:00 Saw Kre Ka village, Tha Song Yang DistrictSource: Appropriate Technology Foundation
  • 13. Learning from design thinking Source: IDEO “Design thinking is a human-centered approach to innovation that draws from the designers toolkit to integrate the needs of people, the possibilities of technology, and the requirements for business success.” — Tim Brown, president and CEO
  • 14. Learning from design thinking Source: Jeongtae Kim (2012)
  • 15. 4.Case studies in BOP market
  • 16. Case #1 Source: Edit-the-world
  • 17. Case #2 Economic Benefit Micro lending concept, 20 technology centers set up, 300,000 installed as of 2009 Environmental Benefit Reduce fossil fuel consumption Social Benefit Community participation: 660 women employed, 600 youth trained, aiming to create 100,000 jobs by 2015 Source: UNEP Green Economy Developing Countries Success Stories (2010)Solar Home Systems (SHSs)
  • 18. ASEIC Programme ConceptBasic Framework Identifying Problems Responding to actual needs Establishing sustainable business of local residents in LDCs of local people (development) model through ‘appropriate technology’ GO/ IO Some key characteristics Academia regarding SMEs • Energy shortage (water, wood and ‘appropriate technologies’ Comprehensive forest, land, materials, etc.) Development Strategy • Affordable price and funding suport • Environmental problems • Utilizing local resources (deforestation, desertification, • Generating jobs and finding Local Local drought, extinction of species, untapped local opportunities government Workforce pollution, etc.) • Small in scale and simple in design • Social and economic vulnerability • Fostering social collaboration and (low-income, lack of jobs, local development lack of education, etc) • Easily adaptable to changes in local environment ex) Solar cooker, Micro Solar Home System, Improved Solar Dryer, etc. Poverty Social Job Creation Reduction Development
  • 19. ASEIC Cambodia Project Background Eco-InnovativeTechnologies Expected Outcomes Takeo, Phnom Penh Solar cooker, Micro Solar Home System GO/ IO SMEs Academia Comprehensive Development StrategyDeforestation and energy shortage Solar cooker for small-scale use Local government Local Workforce Severe indoor pollution Micro solar home System (SHS) Poverty Job Creation Social Reduction Development
  • 20. Learning from design thinking Source: Jeongtae Kim (2012)
  • 21. Feasibility Study – Solar Cooker caseCambodia Project – desirabilityLocal survey at Takeo region (97 households) Clear need of local residents 23
  • 22. Cambodia Project – feasibility
  • 23. Cambodia Project – viability GGGI : Supports international cooperation with the Royal Government of Cambodia and international organizations, disseminates the project outcome to the international community, fund raising if necessary : Linked to the GGGI-Cambodia Green Growth Country Program ASEIC : Manages project and provides funds as host organization/liaises with participating local/global agencies Business Experts ASEIC Project Scope GGGI-Cambodia Country Program : Advises on a business strategy Business : find possible way to make ASEIC Experts (SMBA/SBC) a local business sustainable , Gov’t of GGGI by applying shared Cambodia GGGI-ASEIC Project technologies in Cambodia Local Local Tech. Local Business AT Center Experts Partners Model Tech. Experts and Local Partners : Produces solar cookers, improved solar dryer, etc., while sharing technologies with local community International International Government Local Workforce Organization & Local Experts
  • 24. Other information……Technology sharing
  • 25. Discussion
  • 26. Discussion
  • 27. Capacity Building
  • 28. Capacity Building
  • 29. Demonstration
  • 30. Demonstration
  • 31. Demonstration
  • 32. Demonstration
  • 33. Demonstration
  • 34. “This solar panel can change lives of Cambodians – both users andmanufacturers – and shows how foreign aid should be implemented.” –The Korea Times, 15 October 2012
  • 35. 5. Conclusion
  • 36. Innovation capacity is needed Source: Brookings (2012)
  • 37. Concluding remarks- Green Growth and Eco-Innovation can be regarded as key drivers towards sustainable development- Decoupling environmental degradation and resources consumption from economic growth requires innovative solutions from public and private sector, but developing and least developed countries has insufficient support and needs specially tailored approach- Dedicated funds to de-risk entrepreneurial investments and international program are needed to catalyze capacity building to develop innovation ecosystems in least developed countries …...- Measurable indicators for innovation activity and performance in developing countries needs to be developed to foster sustainability
  • 38. Thank youPlease contact through this email,Juhern Kim,