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Road Pol Police Leadership Saves Lives June09

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ON-Brand Partners is assisting RoadPol (a global World Bank project) to develop its strategy to make a big contribution to saving 5 million lives over the next decade. This is an incredible opportunity for OBP and a profoundly worthy cause. We recommend you read the 'Police Leadership Saves Lives' document as a great overview on the challenge.

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Road Pol Police Leadership Saves Lives June09

  1. 1. WHY IT’S ENFORCING IS KEY ENFORCEMENT A MECHANISM TO WE’RE AWARE OF A NEW GLOBAL LOCAL POLICE SUPPORT WE’VE TAKEN LET’S MAKE HOME IMPORTANT TO 4E STRATEGY DELIVERS RESULTS ENGAGE GLOBALLY THE CHALLENGES APPROACH IS KEY TO SUCCESS THE FIRST STEP IT HAPPEN Police leadership saves lives on the roads RoadPol – a new commitment to road safety from the global police community. Images: FIA Foundation For more information contact: R J Robinson – Coordinator International Road Policing Organisation [RoadPol] A project of World Bank’s Global Road Safety Facility Phone +64-4-475 9978 Email: rob.robinson@roadpol.org PRINT SAVE FORWARD QUIT page 1 of 10 NEXT
  2. 2. WHY IT’S ENFORCING IS KEY ENFORCEMENT A MECHANISM TO WE’RE AWARE OF A NEW GLOBAL LOCAL POLICE SUPPORT WE’VE TAKEN LET’S MAKE HOME IMPORTANT TO 4E STRATEGY DELIVERS RESULTS ENGAGE GLOBALLY THE CHALLENGES APPROACH IS KEY TO SUCCESS THE FIRST STEP IT HAPPEN Road deaths and injuries continue to rise dramatically. An urgent impetus Inaction is not an option! By 2020 road deaths are projected… to reach 2 million per year, for a co-ordinated, international response largest killer of to be the is being demanded. young males across the globe, The facts are undeniable; the human, economic and social cost is intolerable. We must to rise by 80% in low- and middle-income countries ( LMIC), but act now by ensuring all the key strategic pillars needed to drive success are put in place. Many traffic accidents and their awful consequences are preventable. A Decade of Action is an appropriate response. to fall by 30% in high-income countries ( HIC). The huge economic, health and social The impact on families is profound and all too common. Projected road deaths 1200 costs are well documented: At the World Youth assembly on road safety in 2007, 1000 • At this moment someone in the world is being Bright Ambeyi from Kenya recounted her experience as a 000’s of people 800 killed in a traffic accident every 26 seconds road traffic victim in Kenya. 600 • That’s 1.2 million people killed annually. Hit by a speeding vehicle in 1997, she was paralysed from 400 In addition 50 million people are maimed the waist down. She recounted, “From a very active and 200 or injured each year social person, I had become invisible. I lost the use 0 1990 2010 2020 • The economic cost is more than half of my limbs, lost privacy, lost self esteem… and I actually felt like I had lost myself.” She went on to LMIC 419 862 1124 a trillion dollars per annum HIC 123 95 80 explain how her crash had placed huge financial • Over 90% of these deaths and injuries and emotional strains on her and her family. occur in developing countries The loss of, and injury to, young males Why the difference? • For some low- and middle-income countries, the economic cost is can be even more profound as family How can the sucesses in breadwinners are lost, consigning greater than all the economic aid families to poverty and limiting the high-income countries they receive. education potential for their children. be used to help others? PRINT SAVE FORWARD QUIT page 2 of 10 NEXT
  3. 3. WHY IT’S ENFORCING IS KEY ENFORCEMENT A MECHANISM TO WE’RE AWARE OF A NEW GLOBAL LOCAL POLICE SUPPORT WE’VE TAKEN LET’S MAKE HOME IMPORTANT TO 4E STRATEGY DELIVERS RESULTS ENGAGE GLOBALLY THE CHALLENGES APPROACH IS KEY TO SUCCESS THE FIRST STEP IT HAPPEN Enforcement is one of the four key pillars for success. Effective road policing is essential Deaths mar Egypt’s new road laws BBC News Friday, 1 August 2008 Egyptian police say at least 11 people have been killed in a head-on collision on the day new laws came into effect aimed at bringing order to the roads. because it strikes at the core of the ‘main risk factors’ identified by the World Report*. The BBC’s Magdi Abdelhadi in Cairo says many Egyptians are sceptical Collectively, these risk factors can only be successfully addressed through widespread social change. about the changes, because even Enforcement, working in tandem with Education and Engineering, is critical the existing regulations are not always enforced… Reckless driving, to achieving the change in human behaviour required. poorly maintained vehicles and the failure to enforce existing regulations are often cited as the main cause 2004 WHO ‘World report on road traffic injury prevention’ of road accidents in Egypt… Good legislation provides a start, but experience Enforcement, Education and Engineering must be fully shows that law without Enforcement is ineffective. integrated to create a multiplier effect in reducing traffic crashes. For Emergency response, reduced crashes means In addition, law enforcement agencies have an important fewer resources are diverted from other priorities. role in providing data about traffic accidents that is a key Outcome of effective police input to effective Engineering design. • Education is not enough – without Enforcement reinforcing enforcement on the five main risk consequences. factors is proven and undeniable: • Enforcement prevents under-reporting – so that road safety • Reduction in excessive speed achieves the profile and priority it deserves. • Reduction in impaired or distracted driving • Engineering requires quality input – ‘crash data’ from policing • Greater use of passenger restraints ensure resources are directed where needed most. • Greater use of motorcycle helmets • Emergency response benefits – when crashes are reduced, © ON-Brand Partners™ 2009 scarce medical resources are not diverted from other areas. • Critical input into design and effective- ness of road safety infrastructure. • Laws are not enough – without active policing. * PRINT SAVE FORWARD QUIT page 3 of 10 NEXT
  4. 4. WHY IT’S ENFORCING IS KEY ENFORCEMENT A MECHANISM TO WE’RE AWARE OF A NEW GLOBAL LOCAL POLICE SUPPORT WE’VE TAKEN LET’S MAKE HOME IMPORTANT TO 4E STRATEGY DELIVERS RESULTS ENGAGE GLOBALLY THE CHALLENGES APPROACH IS KEY TO SUCCESS THE FIRST STEP IT HAPPEN In a recent news release (Dec 08) titled ‘Future of EU Police Enforcement Traffic Safety Law’, the European Traffic Safety Numerous case studies from around the world prove that Enforcement Council* which monitors enforcement in the EU concludes that… “Effective enforcement leads to a rapid reduction in deaths and delivers results. injuries. Sustained intensive enforcement that is well explained and publicised also has a long- lasting effect on driver behaviour. Police enforcement forms a crucial part of the equation of improving A wealth of information exists that demonstrates that when Enforcement road safety in the EU.” resources and strategies are in place they are making a significant contribution The ETSC also stated that… to the reduction in road deaths and injuries. “According to the European Commission’s cost-benefit analysis, increased enforcement would result in a total annual reduction of 14,000 deaths or 33% of the current 43,000 road deaths and 680,000 In those countries where road trauma has been reduced, law enforcement activity has played a critical part in those outcomes. injuries in the EU 15. This would result in a net benefit of 37 billion EUR, or 0.44% of GNP.” New Zealand – effective Norway – effective Australia – enforcement has ICF Consulting, 2003. Cost-benefit analysis of enforcement and education have enforcement in support taken drunk drivers off the road. road safety improvements. Final Report. been acknowledged by the former of law change has seen the road toll Random breath testing (RBT) is one Land Transport Safety Authority as halve in 30 years: of the most successful road accident having contributed to progress: • Increase in speed cameras countermeasures employed by police • 68% reduction in alcohol-related deaths • Lowering of speed limits on select in Australia. Its success over the years *The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) from 318 in 1990, to 102 in 2002 has been evidenced by: is a Brussels-based independent non-profit roads making organisation dedicated to the reduction • A 25% reduction in unlicensed • Blood alcohol levels • Reductions in drink-driving behaviour of the number and severity of transport crashes and disqualified drivers involved in in Europe. The ETSC seeks to identify and • Use of seatbelts. • Reductions in alcohol-related crashes promote research-based measures with a high crashes since 1999 • A corresponding community-wide safety potential. It brings together 42 national • Additional police officers on the European Transport Safety Council and international organisations concerned with increase in the disapproval of road led to a 24% reduction in fatal transport safety from across Europe. drink-driving. crashes on state highways between 1999 and 2002. Australian Institute of Criminology PRINT SAVE FORWARD QUIT page 4 of 10 NEXT
  5. 5. WHY IT’S ENFORCING IS KEY ENFORCEMENT A MECHANISM TO WE’RE AWARE OF A NEW GLOBAL LOCAL POLICE SUPPORT WE’VE TAKEN LET’S MAKE HOME IMPORTANT TO 4E STRATEGY DELIVERS RESULTS ENGAGE GLOBALLY THE CHALLENGES APPROACH IS KEY TO SUCCESS THE FIRST STEP IT HAPPEN The potential for change is real because the know-how exists. A mechanism to engage Commitment to road safety enforcement from political and police leadership can be achieved by connecting to: Purpose – building connection to the core police globally around road safety is needed to ethos of policing – ‘upholding the lawful build collaboration, transfer knowledge rights of citizens’ Goals – supporting wider ambitions and develop leaders to drive cultural change of developing real leadership capability within policing within their organisations. Values – creating a real opportunity to address systemic problems in some police cultures (integrity, honesty, community respect) People – recognising that police are citizens and have families too – that they are an integral part of their local community and they too Building on past can be directly impacted by these tragedies. Global road safety agencies have raised the lack of experience… …addressing engagement by law enforcement • Effective road policing has improved the challenges Enforcement is about consequences agencies in planned global, road safety in high-income countries. – a critical, proven Push strategy to change • Police engagement in traffic safety is regional and national road safety Strong leadership and clearly defined ingrained behaviours. Education (Pull) systemically weak in many low- and middle initiatives, citing this as a major strategies have delivered targeted results strategies that raise awareness and inspire -income countries, and there is no one impediment to improving road • We can leverage and transfer what new understanding are pivotal, however centre of excellence with the mandate safety outcomes. works, mindful of the distinct challenges drivers, passengers and pedestrians to own and drive change in this area within low- and medium-income countries must also believe they will be penalised • A global body is needed to take for destructive behaviour – and that “Global and regional • Police in high-income countries have ownership of, and develop and support penalties are applied fairly and consistently. capacity to support shared enforcement best practice for police leadership to facilitate the safety management several decades on either an ad-hoc or accelerated transfer of traffic safety initiatives is fragmented formalised basis (e.g. TISPOL). enforcement knowledge from high-income and under-resourced.” law enforcement agencies to their peers (Global Road Safety in low- and middle-income countries. Facility strategic plan) PRINT SAVE FORWARD QUIT page 5 of 10 NEXT
  6. 6. WHY IT’S ENFORCING IS KEY ENFORCEMENT A MECHANISM TO WE’RE AWARE OF A NEW GLOBAL LOCAL POLICE SUPPORT WE’VE TAKEN LET’S MAKE HOME IMPORTANT TO 4E STRATEGY DELIVERS RESULTS ENGAGE GLOBALLY THE CHALLENGES APPROACH IS KEY TO SUCCESS THE FIRST STEP IT HAPPEN The challenges we face are complex in nature, so solutions must be aimed at the culture of policing. Road policing is often not a priority for law enforcement agencies due to multiple challenges: • Resources are always stretched Our approach must take account of differing conditions, • Transport law is seen as an ‘offence’ rather than a ‘crime’ challenges and cultures. • The impact of traffic policing is less There will be no single cause-effect relationship, and no obvious ‘right’ answer to suit all evident because it is ‘preventative’ • Road safety may not be considered a environments. Specific solutions must be shaped locally and involve a range of stakeholders. priority by political leaders • The operating/funding environment may not allow a focus on road safety • Police leadership may be lacking To realise its potential, Tangible Intangible • Cultural change (within specific police Processes and policies Hearts and minds agencies) takes time a Decade of Action push pull requires strong local • Lack of road safety law political sponsorship • Outcomes can be ‘unpopular’ with the and police leadership Law enforcement – changing culture wider community in terms of cost e.g. support for road safety ��� � ����� � �� �� speeding fines and as a reminder of their enforcement. Supporting law �� �� � �� Building motivation �� social obligations �� � �� enforcement agencies around the purpose ��� ��� �� � ������������ ���� Our challenge is to �� ���� to meet societies road ��������� of policing, and value • Corrupt practices divert resources and ��� ��������� build a framework that attention away from real objectives. safety expectations to society ����������� © ON-Brand Partners™ 2009 �� � facilitates this. ���� � �� Outcome: Prioritise and deliver ��� Outcome: Shift mindsets of �� �� � �� �� ���� � �� meaningful resolutions that � �������������� police in relation to vision make a positive difference and values PRINT SAVE FORWARD QUIT page 6 of 10 NEXT
  7. 7. WHY IT’S ENFORCING IS KEY ENFORCEMENT A MECHANISM TO WE’RE AWARE OF A NEW GLOBAL LOCAL POLICE SUPPORT WE’VE TAKEN LET’S MAKE HOME IMPORTANT TO 4E STRATEGY DELIVERS RESULTS ENGAGE GLOBALLY THE CHALLENGES APPROACH IS KEY TO SUCCESS THE FIRST STEP IT HAPPEN These challenges can, and must, be overcome through a global road safety Extensive consultation with influential and experienced enforcement body. There is now broad-based support from police leaders and agencies for the concept police leaders worldwide, and with international agencies, suggests strong support for, and commitment of an International Road Policing Organisation (RoadPol). to, the RoadPol vision. � � � �� ���� �� RoadPol will facilitate a ��� �� �� RoadPol will contribute to improving road safety outcomes co-ordinated police response �� in low- and middle-income countries by: � �� �� to the road safety issue by � �� ��� • Providing a powerful voice for police • Facilitating engagement between these ��� �� stimulating new thinking, � ������������ ���� in the global discussion, helping to create two main groups of parties – the various developing and supporting �� ���� top-down pressure on governments international, regional and national groups police leaders internationally, ��������� ��� to act promoting road safety, and their partners; and by accelerating the ��������� and the global police community ����������� • Supporting and sustaining positive exchange and application of change in police leadership and culture • Driving anti-corruption strategies and �� � successful policing strategies © ON-Brand Partners™ 2009 raising the community mandate for and tactics – resulting in • Identifying and facilitating access to ���� � �� road policing funding assistance to help overcome substantial saving of life ��� �� shortfalls in the local operating environment • Strengthening global, regional and �� and injuries. � �� �� � �� ���� country police capacity to support • Taking ownership of the issues raised � �������������� by global road safety agencies and sustainable reductions in road deaths and injuries in low- and middle-income countries co-ordinate and drive engagement by RoadPol addresses a key goal of the World Bank’s Global law enforcement agencies in planned • Accelerating traffic safety knowledge Road Safety Facility (GRSF) – to “strengthen global, global, regional and national road safety transfer to policing services in low- regional and country capacity to support sustainable reductions in road deaths initiatives and middle-income countries. and injuries in LMICs” and “accelerate safety knowledge transfer to LMICs”. PRINT SAVE FORWARD QUIT page 7 of 10 NEXT
  8. 8. Johannesburg WHY IT’S ENFORCING IS KEY ENFORCEMENT A MECHANISM TO WE’RE AWARE OF A NEW GLOBAL LOCAL POLICE SUPPORT WE’VE TAKEN LET’S MAKE HOME IMPORTANT TO 4E STRATEGY DELIVERS RESULTS ENGAGE GLOBALLY THE CHALLENGES APPROACH IS KEY TO SUCCESS THE FIRST STEP IT HAPPEN C op M nt w k h o l m Bu Totonto e nh an b u a id Dublin en ty I s t i e nn M adr ic p os Ci ex er age l Sto a V A c Go o A Setting up this new global police network requires Li Zu ires ng n n r l i g Ko an integrated ve r i c rp h Be o n alem Br a o ol H r us R ey k j z i l i a J e me av i k R o e rd a m approach Auckland A ms t S h an g h ai Sydney Tok yo focused around fu r t Fr a nk e s t At Sarhens ap leadership and enabled through partnership. B u d r s aw w B aj Sa arce evo Wa sl o r is n lon O Pa Fr an a Beaipa on S in sc o er T nd g ap w M o ou v L o i ro o re lfa i c is Ca Kyoto D u b ai S e o ul New York st co nc We will leverage what we know works… Va Police culture is strongly oriented toward personal trust and confidence in terms of professional relationships. The RoadPol initiative allows for police agencies to formalise partnership relationships across different countries, and to build strong interpersonal RoadPol is about… RoadPol is not about… relationships at the leadership level. Being action orientated – saving lives! Endlessly analysing the issues RoadPol will bring a new focus to road safety – but will complement rather than compete with existing regional and international police networks, and existing Integrating with other essential ‘pillars’ Operating in isolation from other initiatives general police capacity and capability development programmes. Driving change through local leadership Dictating operational changes in countries Key principles: Leveraging existing knowledge and experience Ignoring what has worked elsewhere • Strategically relevant – create a compelling picture for ‘Police’ Being realistic about LMIC challenges Imposing a ‘one-size-fits-all’ solution • Collaboration – solutions co-created, and responsibility will sit as widely as possible Building momentum through Looking for a ‘silver bullet’ • Knowledge exchange – build upon proven successes incremental change • Partnership – creating mutual value with existing organisations Long-term sustainable change A short-term fix. • Emergent strategy – approach is refined as we go Leadership as a priority over ‘technical’ support. • Motivating action – focus on creating momentum and delivering quick wins to inspire further action. PRINT SAVE FORWARD QUIT page 8 of 10 NEXT
  9. 9. WHY IT’S ENFORCING IS KEY ENFORCEMENT A MECHANISM TO WE’RE AWARE OF A NEW GLOBAL LOCAL POLICE SUPPORT WE’VE TAKEN LET’S MAKE HOME IMPORTANT TO 4E STRATEGY DELIVERS RESULTS ENGAGE GLOBALLY THE CHALLENGES APPROACH IS KEY TO SUCCESS THE FIRST STEP IT HAPPEN The formation of RoadPol is the core objective of LEAP (Law An important first step has been taken toward realisation of the RoadPol vision… Enforcement Action Panel). The key Action Panel established. LEAP will be led by Rob Robinson (former Police Commissioner of New Zealand), who brings a wealth of experience and a proven The ‘Law Enforcement Action Panel’ (LEAP) is an important track record to the challenge. first step to leveraging the active support of trusted and New Zealand is a strong case study of traffic safety: influential police leaders to lead the process of engaging • Since 1990 there has been a 52% colleagues and police agencies worldwide, and decline in road deaths, despite 42% more cars and 21% more people mobilising support for RoadPol. • Effective road policing strategies have been proven to have made a substantial contribution to road safety. LEAP is committed to: Minze Beuving – former Chief Commissioner, Dutch National • Engaging with senior police leaders from low- and middle-income Police Agency (KLPD) and former countries to raise road safety awareness and standards Lieutenant General, Commander in Chief, Royal Netherlands Marechaussee. • Obtaining and fostering commitment from senior police leaders with a successful track-record in traffic safety enforcement Peter Fitzgerald – former Deputy Commissioner, An Garda Síochána, Ireland’s • Promoting the RoadPol project to International Donors and World Bank groups, National Police Service. sections and projects, and identify and seek collateral benefits that may accrue We have the active support of an influential, trusted KHOO Boon Hui – Commissioner of Police, • Providing leadership for the formal establishment of RoadPol and Secretariat group of senior police Singapore Police Force, President of INTERPOL. • Exploring synergies with multilateral (e.g. UNRSC) and associated professionals committed global partner agencies and identifying potential sources of assistance to the formation of Ken Moroney – retired Commissioner for RoadPol implementation RoadPol. All have a of the NSW Police Force, Australia. • Architecting proposals to put in place agency-to-agency partnerships distinguished senior police career and a proven track Sir Keith Povey – formerly Her Majesty’s • Designing and delivering leadership development capabilities, especially record of leadership, vision, Chief Inspector of Constabulary in the UK. for low- and middle-Income Countries managing organisational • Embedding monitoring and evaluation (M&E) processes development, and securing Lord John Stevens of Kirkwhelpington continuous improvement. – retired Commissioner of the UK • Establishing required funding and administrative support. Metropolitan Police Service. PRINT SAVE FORWARD QUIT page 9 of 10 NEXT
  10. 10. WHY IT’S ENFORCING IS KEY ENFORCEMENT A MECHANISM TO WE’RE AWARE OF A NEW GLOBAL LOCAL POLICE SUPPORT WE’VE TAKEN LET’S MAKE HOME IMPORTANT TO 4E STRATEGY DELIVERS RESULTS ENGAGE GLOBALLY THE CHALLENGES APPROACH IS KEY TO SUCCESS THE FIRST STEP IT HAPPEN The question for law enforcement agencies is not should we do more, Together we can create a but how we do more to Make Roads Safe... sea-change in road safety. RoadPol will make Together we can save millions of lives. Together we can create a a difference. better world. Time is the enemy… Effective Enforcement has the potential to amplify the outcomes In the few minutes it has taken you to read this document… from related Education, Engineering and Emergency Response initiatives. a further25 people have lost their lives, over 1,000 people have There should be no argument! The purpose of In the year 2020, Imagine... been maimed or injured, policing is to uphold the lawful rights of citizens, allowing active participation in the communities we all live in. one million* more hundreds of families have been traumatised, and Citizens can rightfully expect to be safer on our roads. Citizens can rightfully expect offenders to people are alive communities have incurred more than be held accountable. Citizens can rightfully expect greater commitment from public servants because of our actions. $10 million in economic and social costs. everywhere to the creation and enforcement of common-sense traffic safety laws. So there is no time to waste. RoadPol is worthy *Conservatively assumes that enforcement contributes to a 10% reduction in road deaths over that period. Compare this to the of global endorsement 30% reduction achieved in high-income countries where road policing is confirmed as a major contributor to this decline. and support. NEXT PRINT SAVE FORWARD QUIT page 10 of 10

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