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Skin care for Babies

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Infant skin problems and skin care tips from Granny Nanny of www.nappytimes.com

Infant skin problems and skin care tips from Granny Nanny of www.nappytimes.com


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  • 1. Theres   nothing   quite   like   the   so1,   delicate   skin   of   a   baby.  And   nothing   like   a   cranky   infant   irritated   by   diaper   rash,  cradle   cap,   or   another   skin   condi<on.   While   your   baby   is  perfect,   your   babys   skin   may   not   be.   Many   babies   are  prone   to   skin   irrita<on   in   the   first   few   months   a1er   birth.  Heres  how  to  spot  and  treat  common  baby  skin  problems.    
  • 2. The  good  news  about  your  newborns  rashes:  Most  cause  no  harm  and  go  away  on  their  own.  While   caring   for   babys   skin   may   seem   complex,   all   you   really   need   to   know   are   three   simple  things:  Which  condi<ons  can  you  treat  at  home?  Which  need  medical  treatment?  And  how  can  you  prevent  baby  from  experiencing  skin  problems  to  begin  with?  
  • 3. The  good  news  about  your  newborns  rashes:  Most  cause  no  harm  and  go  away  on  their  own.  While   caring   for   babys   skin   may   seem   complex,   all   you   really   need   to   know   are   three   simple  things:  Which  condi<ons  can  you  treat  at  home?  Which  need  medical  treatment?  And  how  can  you  prevent  baby  from  experiencing  skin  problems  to  begin  with?  
  • 4. Baby   acne   gets   its   start   in   the   womb,   where   baby   is   exposed   to   moms   hormones.   Those  hormones  boost  oil  produc<on,  clogging  babys  oil  glands.  Pimples  on  babys  nose  and  cheeks  usually   clear   up   by   themselves   in   a   few   weeks.   So   you   dont   need   to   treat   baby   acne   or   use  lo<on.  
  • 5. Lots  of  babies  have  birthmarks  —  more  than  one  in  ten  as  a  maLer  of  fact.  Birthmarks,  areas  of  skin  discolora<on,  are  not  inherited.  They  may  be  there  when  your  baby  is  born,  or  they  might  show   up   a   few   months   later.   Generally   birthmarks   are   nothing   to   worry   about   and   need   no  treatment.  But  if  your  babys  birthmark  worries  you,  talk  to  your  pediatrician.  
  • 6. Eczema  is  an  itchy,  red  rash  that  occurs  in  response  to  a  trigger.  It  is  common  in  children  who  have  a  family  history  of  asthma,  allergies,  or  atopic  derma<<s.  Eczema  may  occur  on  babys  face  as  a  weepy  rash.  Over  <me  it  becomes  thick,  dry,  and  scaly.  You  may  also  see  eczema  on  the  elbow,  chest,  arms,  or  behind  the  knees.  To  treat  it,  iden<fy  and  avoid  any  triggers.  Use  gentle  soaps  and  detergents  and  apply  moderate  amounts  of  moisturizers.  
  • 7. You  probably  shouldnt  worry  if  your  newborn  has  peeling,  dry  skin  –  it  o1en  happens  if  your  baby   is   born   a   liLle   late.   The   underlying   skin   is   perfectly   healthy,   so1,   and   moist.   If   your   infants  dry  skin  persists,  talk  to  your  babys  pediatrician.  
  • 8. Cradle   cap   can   show   up   during   babys   first   or   second   month,   and   usually   clears   up   within   the  first  year.  Also  called  seborrheic  derma<<s,  cradle  cap  is  caused  by  excess  oil  and  shows  up  as  a  scaly,  waxy,  red  rash  on  the  scalp,  eyebrows,  eyelids,  the  sides  of  the  nose,  or  behind  the  ears.  Your  pediatrician  will  recommend  the  best  treatment  for  cradle  cap,  which  may  include  a  special  shampoo,  baby  oil,  or  certain  creams  and  lo<ons.  
  • 9. Showing  up  as  small  pinkish-­‐red  bumps,  prickly  heat  usually  appears  on  the  parts  of  your  babys  body  that  are  prone  to  swea<ng,  like  the  neck,  diaper  area,  armpits,  and  skin  folds.  A  cool,  dry  environment   and   loose-­‐fiWng   clothes   are   all   you   need   to   treat   prickly   heat   rash   —   which   can  even  be  brought  on  in  winter  when  baby  is  over-­‐bundled.  Try  dressing  baby  in  layers  that  you  can  remove  when  things  heat  up.  
  • 10. Babies  can  inhale  the  very  fine  grains  of  talcum  powder,  which  could  cause  lung  problems.  So  its  best  to  avoid  using  talcum  powder  on  your  infant.  A  corn  starch-­‐based  powder  is  considered  safer.  But  yeast,  which  can  cause  diaper  rash,  feeds  on  corn  starch.  So  to  protect  baby  skin,  youre  beLer  off  skipping  the  powder.  
  • 11. As  many  as  one  in  two  newborns  get  the  liLle  white  bumps  known  as  milia.  Appearing  usually  on   the   nose   and   face,   theyre   caused   by   skin   flakes   blocking   oil   glands.   Milia   are   some<mes  called   "baby   acne,"   but   baby   acne   is   related   to   hormonal   changes.   In   this   case,   baby   skin   care   is  easy:   As   babys   glands   open   up   over   the   course   of   a   few   days   or   weeks,   the   bumps   usually  disappear,  and  need  no  treatment.  
  • 12. Yeast   infec<ons   o1en   appear   a1er   your   baby   has   had   a   round   of   an<bio<cs,   and   show   up  differently  depending  on  where  they  are  on  your  babys  skin.  Thrush  appears  on  the  tongue  and  mouth,   and   looks   like   dried   milk,   while   a   yeast   diaper   rash   is   bright   red,   o1en   with   small   red  pimples  at  the  rash  edges.  Talk  to  your  pediatrician:  Thrush  is  treated  with  an  an<-­‐yeast  liquid  medicine,  while  an  an<-­‐fungal  cream  is  used  for  a  yeast  diaper  rash.  
  • 13. Avoiding   skin   rashes   will   keep   your   baby   smiling   and   happy:   Use   a   gentle   detergent   to   wash  everything  that  touches  your  infants  skin,  from  bedding  and  blankets,  to  towels  and  even  your  own  clothes.  Youll  cut  down  on  the  likelihood  of  baby  developing  irritated  or  itchy  skin.  
  • 14. Usually  occurring  two  or  three  days  a1er  birth,  jaundice  is  a  yellow  colora<on  that  affects  babys  skin   and   eyes.   It’s   common   in   premature   infants.   Caused   by   too   much   bilirubin   (a   breakdown  product   of   red   blood   cells),   the   condi<on   usually   disappears   by   the   <me   baby   is   1   or   2   weeks  old.  Treatment  for  jaundice  may  include  more  frequent  feedings  or,  for  more  severe  cases,  light  therapy  (phototherapy).  
  • 15. The   sun   may   feel   great,   but   it   could   be   exposing   your   babys   skin   to   the   risk   of   damaging  sunburn.  Avoid  baby  skin  problems  by  protec<ng  from  sunburn:  keep  your  infant  out  of  direct  sunlight   during   the   first   six   months   of   life.   Later,   use   a   strong   baby   sunscreen,   hats,   and  umbrellas.   For   mild   infant   sunburn   apply   a   cool   cloth   to   babys   skin   for   10-­‐15   minutes   a   few  <mes  daily.  For  more  severe  sunburn,  call  your  childs  pediatrician.  
  • 16. Apply  sunscreen  to  the  areas  of  babys  skin  that  cant  be  covered  by  clothes.  You  can  also  use  zinc  oxide  on  babys  nose,  ears,  and  lips.  Cover  the  rest  of  your  babys  skin  in  clothes  and  a  wide-­‐brimmed  hat.  Sunglasses  protect  childrens  eyes  from  harmful  rays.  
  • 17. Shopping   for   baby   skin   care   products?   Less   is   more.   Look   for   items   without   dyes,   fragrance,  phthalates  and  parabens  -­‐-­‐  all  of  which  could  cause  skin  irrita<on.  When  in  doubt,  talk  to  your  pediatrician  to  see  if  a  product  is  appropriate  for  newborn  skin.  
  • 18. Remember,   newborn   skin   is   so1   and   sensi<ve.   Keep   babys   skin   hydrated   by   bathing   in   warm  water  for  only  three  to  five  minutes.  Apply  a  baby  lo<on  or  moisturizer  immediately  a1er  bath  while  skin  is  s<ll  wet,  and  then  pat  dry  instead  of  rubbing.  
  • 19. If   rashes   or   other   skin   condi<ons   are   making   your   baby   irritable,   try   baby   massage.   Gently  stroking  and  massaging  babys  skin  can  not  only  help  boost  relaxa<on,  but  it  may  also  lead  to  beLer  sleep  and  reduce  or  stop  crying,  according  to  a  recent  study.  
  • 20. Most  baby  skin  rashes  and  problems  arent  serious,  but  a  few  may  be  signs  of  infec<on  —  and  need   close   aLen<on.   If   babys   skin   has   small,   red-­‐purplish   dots,   if   there   are   yellow   fluid-­‐filled  bumps  (pustules),  or  if  baby  has  a  fever  or  lethargy,  call  your  pediatrician  for  medical  treatment  right  away.