Countries Afghanistan Lebanon Algeria Libya (Lib-ee-ya) Armenia Morocco Azerbaijan (Az-er-by-jon) Oman (O-mahn) Bahrain Qatar (Cutter) Egypt Saudi Arabia Georgia Syria Iran Tajikistan (Tahj-eek-ih-stan) Iraq Tunisia (Too-nee-shia) Israel Turkey Jordan Turkmenistan Kazakhstan (Kahz-ack-stan) United Arab Emirates (UAE) Kuwait Uzbekistan (Ooze-beck-ih-stan) Kyrgyzstan (Ker-gi-stan) Yemen
AreaThe Middle East lies in three geographical regions. North Africa The 5 countries are Egypt, Algeria, Libya, Morocco, & Tunisia Southwest Asia Central AsiaIts total area is 8,641,070 square miles. This more than twice the size of the United States which covers 3,794,000 square miles.
GeographyThe Geography of the Middle East is quite varied. Mountains Ismoli Somani Peak in Tajikistan is 24,590 feet above sea level Deserts The Sahara desert is 3.5 million square miles Bodies of Water The Dead sea lies 1,312 feet below sea level Other bodies of water include the Mediterranean Sea, the Straight of Hormuz, the Straight of Gibraltar, The Bosporus Straight, the Dardanelles Straight, and the Suez Canal which connects the Red Sea and the Mediterranean.
ClimatesThough generally perceived by most to be sweltering desert the Middle East has a variety of climates which include: Hot & Arid Such is found in the countries of Iraq and Iran as well as the Sahara desert Humid Subtropical Such as can be found in the country of Georgia Temperate Along countries of the Mediterranean the weather can be seasonal Cold Such as can be found in the high mountain areas
Natural ResourcesThough petroleum and Bauxite natural gas are dominant Coal natural resources in the Middle East, there are Copper many more natural Iron Ore resources to be found. Lead Manganese Phosphates Timber Uranium Zinc
ReligionsThe three major Religions of the Middle East are: Islam Worship in a Mosques God is called Allah Holy book is the Quran Judaism Worship in a Synagogue Holy book is the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh Christianity Worship in a Church or Cathedral Holy book is the Holy Bible All three Religions are monotheistic
GovernmentsThe type of government structure differs by country but all of these can be found in the Middle East: Constitutional Turkmenistan, a former Soviet country which was once Communist now has a Constitutional government under a Parliamentary system. Parliamentary Israel has a Parliamentary government Monarchy Saudi Arabia is an example of an Absolute Monarchy
LanguagesThe most common languages found in the Middle East are: Arabic The dominant language in what are considered the Arabian countries Hebrew Hebrew is the language of Jewish people in Israel Farsi Is spoken mostly in Iran Turkic Spoken by those peoples in Turkey and the surrounding regions English English is a second language to a portion of the population