Gradele de comparatie in limba engleza

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Gradele de comparatie in limba engleza.
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Gradele de comparatie in limba engleza

  1. 1. Gradele de comparatie prezentare
  2. 2. Comparativ de superioritate si Superlativ <ul><li>1. Adjective scurte </li></ul><ul><li>2. Adjective lungi </li></ul><ul><li>3. Adjective neregulate </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Adjective scurte (toate adj. monosilabice si unele bisilabice) <ul><li>Comparativ de superioritate (mai…): </li></ul><ul><li>adj. + -”er” </li></ul><ul><li>Superlativ (cel mai…): </li></ul><ul><li>the + adj. + “-est” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reguli de scriere la adaugarea “-er” si “-est” <ul><li>1. Adj. terminate in consoana-vocala-consoana dubleaza ultima litera. </li></ul><ul><li>Big – big g er – the big g est </li></ul><ul><li>2. Adj. terminate in “-e”, il elimina: </li></ul><ul><li>Nic e – nic er – the nic est </li></ul><ul><li>3. Adj. terminate in “-y” precedat de consoana transforma “-y” in </li></ul><ul><li>“ -i”: </li></ul><ul><li>Funny – funn i er – the funn i est </li></ul><ul><li>4. Adj. terminate in “-l” precedat de vocala neaccentuata dubleaza “-l”-ul: </li></ul><ul><li>Cruel – cruel l er – the cruel l est </li></ul>
  5. 5. Exemple: <ul><li>fat – fatter – the fattest </li></ul><ul><li>thin – thinner – the thinnest </li></ul><ul><li>big - bigger – the biggest </li></ul><ul><li>pretty – prettier – the prettiest </li></ul><ul><li>happy – happier – the happiest </li></ul><ul><li>dirty – dirtier – the dirtiest </li></ul><ul><li>fine- finer – the finest </li></ul><ul><li>simple – simpler – the simplest </li></ul><ul><li>tall – taller – the tallest </li></ul><ul><li>old – older (elder) – the oldest (the eldest) </li></ul><ul><li>slow – slower – the slowest </li></ul><ul><li>clever – cleverer – the cleverest </li></ul><ul><li>narrow – narrower – the narrowest </li></ul>
  6. 6. 2. Adjective lungi <ul><li>Comparativ de superioritate (mai…): </li></ul><ul><li>more + adj. </li></ul><ul><li>Superlativ (cel mai…): </li></ul><ul><li>the most + adj. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Exemple: <ul><li>beautiful – more beautiful – the most beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>important – more important – the most important </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting – more interesting – the most interesting </li></ul><ul><li>recent – more recent – the most recent </li></ul><ul><li>expensive – more expensive – the most expensive </li></ul><ul><li>dangerous – more dangerous – the most dangerous </li></ul>
  8. 8. 3. Adjective neregulate <ul><li>Good – better –the best </li></ul><ul><li>(well – better – the best) </li></ul><ul><li>Bad – worse – the worst </li></ul><ul><li>(ill - worse – the worst) </li></ul><ul><li>Much – more – the most </li></ul><ul><li>Many - more – the most </li></ul><ul><li>Little – less – the least </li></ul><ul><li>Far – farther – the farthest (departe in spatiu) </li></ul><ul><li>Far – further – the furthest (departe in timp) </li></ul><ul><li>Late – later – the latest (mai tarziu – cel mai recent/ultimul) </li></ul><ul><li>Late – latter – the last (recent/al doilea - ultimul ) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Comparativ de egalitate <ul><li>Valabil pentru toate adjectivele: </li></ul><ul><li>as + adj. + as (la fel de… ca…) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Exemple: <ul><li>As tall as (adj. scurt) </li></ul><ul><li>He is as tall as my brother. </li></ul><ul><li>(E la fel de inalt ca fratele meu) </li></ul><ul><li>As expensive as (adj. lung) </li></ul><ul><li>This cap is as expensive as a dress. </li></ul><ul><li>( Ş apca aceasta este la fel de scumpa ca si o rochie.) </li></ul><ul><li>As much(+substantiv) as (adj neregulat) </li></ul><ul><li>I think my neighbour has as much money as Donald Trump. </li></ul><ul><li>(Cred ca vecinul meu are la fel de multi bani ca Donald Trump. </li></ul><ul><li>I like reading as much as you do. </li></ul><ul><li>(Imi place sa citesc la fel de mult ca tie.) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Comparativ de inferioritate <ul><li>Valabil pentru toate adjectivele: </li></ul><ul><li>Not as + adj. + as … (nu la fel de …ca…) </li></ul><ul><li>Sau </li></ul><ul><li>Not so + adj. + as … (nu asa de …ca…) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Exemple: <ul><li>Not as dirty as/ not so dirty as (adj. scurt) </li></ul><ul><li>Your windows are not as dirty as mine. </li></ul><ul><li>(Ferestrele tale nu sunt la fel de murdare ca ale mele.) </li></ul><ul><li>Not as important as/ not so important as (adj. lung) </li></ul><ul><li>I think Japanese is not so important as English. </li></ul><ul><li>(Cred ca japoneza nu e asa importanta ca engleza.) </li></ul><ul><li>Not as bad as/ not so bad as (adj. neregulat) </li></ul><ul><li>Your children are not so bad as mine. </li></ul><ul><li>(Copiii tai nu sunt asa de rai ca ai mei.) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Constructii care folosesc gradele de comparatie – Din ce in ce mai…. <ul><li>Pentru adjective scurte si neregulate: </li></ul><ul><li>Comparativ de superioritate + and + comparativ de superioritate </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately our parents are older and older . </li></ul><ul><li>(Din nefericire parintii nostri sunt din ce in ce mai batrani .) </li></ul><ul><li>Your English is better and better . </li></ul><ul><li>(Engleza ta este din ce in ce mai buna .) </li></ul><ul><li>He has more and more knowledge about English. </li></ul><ul><li>(Are din ce in ce mai multe cunostinte despre Engleza.) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Constructii care folosesc gradele de comparatie – Din ce in ce mai…. <ul><li>Pentru adjective lungi: </li></ul><ul><li>More and more + adjectiv </li></ul><ul><li>Your little child is more and more intelligent . </li></ul><ul><li>(Copilasul tau este din ce in ce mai inteligent .) </li></ul><ul><li>Food is more and more expensive nowadays. </li></ul><ul><li>(Mancarea este din ce in ce mai scumpa in zilele noastre.) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Constructii care folosesc gradele de comparatie – cu c â t… cu at â t… <ul><li>Pentru toate adjectivele: </li></ul><ul><li>The + comparativ de superioritate + S + V, the + comparativ de superioritate + S + V </li></ul><ul><li>The greater the effort is, the more satisfactory it will be. </li></ul><ul><li>(Cu cat este mai mare efortul, cu atat mai satisfacator va fi.) </li></ul><ul><li>The more interesting the book becomes, the more anxious we are. </li></ul><ul><li>(Cu cat mai interesanta devine cartea, cu atat mai nerabdatori suntem.) </li></ul><ul><li>The shorter the nights, the longer the days. </li></ul><ul><li>(Cu cat (sunt) mai scurte noptile, cu atat (sunt) mai lungi zilele.) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Constructii idiomatice: <ul><li>So much the better = cu atat mai bine </li></ul><ul><li>So much the worse = cu atat mai rau </li></ul><ul><li>So much the more = cu atat mai mult </li></ul><ul><li>So much the less = cu atat mai putin </li></ul>

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