Learning trajectories: navigating the future of learningwith new technologies       Gráinne Conole,                       ...
New$technologies$      E/Pedagogies$        Learner$experience$             Teacher$prac8ce$                 New$approaches$
Today’s educational context•   Rapidly changing    technological    environment•   New digital literacy skills    needed f...
Horizon reports•   Mobile and e-books•   Gesture and    augmented•   Learning analytics                         http://wp....
Ed tech trends•   Mobile learning•   Personalised learning•   Cloud computing•   Ubiquitous learning•   BYOD•   Digital co...
Social & participatory media                                                                           6    Media sharing ...
Social media revolutionThe machine is us/ing us
Peercritiquing              Social media revolution             The machine is us/ing us
Peercritiquing  Usergenerated content              Social media revolution             The machine is us/ing us
Peercritiquing  Usergenerated contentNetworked              Social media revolution             The machine is us/ing us
Peer                                 Opencritiquing  Usergenerated contentNetworked              Social media revolution  ...
Peer                                  Opencritiquing  User                                         Collectivegenerated    ...
Peer                                   Opencritiquing  User                                         Collectivegenerated   ...
http://rossdawsonblog.com/weblog/archives/2011/11/our-shrinking-degrees-of-separation-heading-down-from-6-to-3.html
E-Pedagogies   9     A
E-Pedagogies          9AssociativeFocus on individualLearning throughassociation andreinforcement                      A
E-Pedagogies                              9Associative               ConstructivistFocus on individual       Building on p...
E-Pedagogies                              9Associative               ConstructivistFocus on individual       Building on p...
E-Pedagogies                              9Associative               ConstructivistFocus on individual       Building on p...
E-Pedagogies                              9E-trainingDrill & practiceMobile learning                   Associative        ...
E-Pedagogies                                             9E-training                                                      ...
E-Pedagogies                                             9E-training                                                      ...
E-Pedagogies                                             9E-training                                                      ...
Mobile learning   10
Mobile learning      10E-booksStudy calendarsLearning resourcesOnline modulesCommunication mechanisms
Mobile learning                   10E-booksStudy calendarsLearning resourcesOnline modulesCommunication mechanisms   Podca...
Inquiry-based learning   11                  My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal a...
Inquiry-based learning   11                  My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal a...
Inquiry-based learning   11                  My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal a...
Virtual genetics lab                                    12http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uMMfHZUNpZY&feature=youtu.be     ...
Learning spaces                        13•   Metaphors    •   Camp fire    •   Watering hole    •   Cave    •   Mountain to...
New digital literacies      Participatory culture shifts    the focus of literacy from one      of individual expression t...
New digital literacies             Play                                Collective intelligencePerformance                 ...
New digital literacies                              Creativity             Play                                Collective ...
15
16
Learner experience                                        17•   Technology immersed•   Learning approaches: task-    orien...
EDUCAUSE study     18   Students    drawn to new    technologies    but rely on    more    traditional    ones   Conside...
Teacher practices: paradoxes                     19•   Technologies not    extensively used    (Molenda)•   Lack of uptake...
Teacher practices: paradoxes                         19•   Technologies not    extensively used    (Molenda)•   Lack of up...
x    Open practices      20        Pandora’s box
x           Open practices         20    Open design                  Pandora’s box
x           Open practices                     20    Open design                   Open delivery                  Pandora’...
x            Open practices                      20    Open design                     Open delivery                    Pa...
x            Open practices                      20    Open design                     Open delivery                    Pa...
Open design Shift from belief-based, implicit  approaches to design-based,        explicit approaches           Learning D...
Definition A methodology for enabling teachers/designers to   make more informed decisions in how they go       about desig...
Learning design: defining the field!             Design                                        Communities and       represe...
Course views   24
Course views    24   Course map
Course views                        24                Learning outcomes   Course map
Course views                        24                                  Learning outcomes                     Course mapPe...
Course views                               24                                  Learning outcomes                     Cours...
Course views                               24                                  Learning outcomes                     Cours...
Visualisaon*tools*                                                 25                       Learning Design tools!        ...
But does it work? Evaluation data26
But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey...
But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey...
But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey...
Open resources
Open resources
Open resources
Open resources
Open courses: MOOCMassiveOpenOnlineCourse  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eW3gMGqcZQc                                     ...
Open accreditation
Open accreditationPeer to Peer Universityhttp://www.p2pu.org/en/
Open accreditationPeer to Peer University              OER Universityhttp://www.p2pu.org/en/   http://wikieducator.org/OER...
Open dialogue: Cloudworks                30               http://cloudworks.ac.uk
Open dialogue: Cloudworks                                   30•   A space for sharing and    discussing learning and    te...
Collaboration                                              31                               Design challenge              ...
Community indicatorsParticipation                CohesionSustained over time          Support & toleranceCommitment from c...
E-learning papersspecial issue    Background         Potential of social and participatory media         Plethora of ne...
1. Typologies of learning design    LD as: concept,     process and product    Example: A virtual     field history trip...
2. Patterns to design TEL scenarios    Importance of more     formal LD     representations    Example: application to  ...
3. Students as designers    Challenges traditional     transmission modes of     pedagogy    Requires teachers to give  ...
4. Collaborative Constructive Participation    Application of well     established pedagogical     principles: Community ...
5. Knowledge building    Action research on use     of Web 2.0 tools in the     classroom    Knowledge building     enab...
6. Invitational online learning environments    Importance of respect, trust,     intentionality, and optimism    Report...
Open scholarship   40
Open scholarship   40DiscoveryIntegrationApplicationTeaching              Boyer
Open scholarship                                40DiscoveryIntegrationApplicationTeachingOpen                 BoyerDigital...
Open research
Open research
Open research
Open research
Open research
Open research
Open research
Open research
The future of learning   42
The future of learning         42                Just in time
The future of learning         42                Just in time Distributed
The future of learning         42                 Just in time  DistributedPersonalised
The future of learning                 42                         Just in time  DistributedPersonalised               Blur...
The future of learning                              42                         Just in time  Distributed                  ...
The future of learning                               42                         Just in time  Distributed                 ...
The future of learning                                  42                         Just in time  Distributed              ...
The future of learning                                  42                         Just in time  Distributed              ...
Linking research with policy & practice                                      43
Linking research with policy & practice                    43        Horizon scanning          OER                        ...
Linking research with policy & practice                                  43                      Horizon scanning         ...
Linking research with policy & practice                                                        43                      Hor...
Linking research with policy & practice                                                              43                   ...
Final thoughts Open,participatory and social media enable new forms of communication and collaboration Communities   in ...
45Conole, G. (forthcoming), Designing for learning in an open world, New York: Springer                               grai...
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  • Conole srhe

    1. 1. Learning trajectories: navigating the future of learningwith new technologies Gráinne Conole, University of Leicester SRHE conference, Celtic Manor Resource, 7th December 2011
    2. 2. New$technologies$ E/Pedagogies$ Learner$experience$ Teacher$prac8ce$ New$approaches$
    3. 3. Today’s educational context• Rapidly changing technological environment• New digital literacy skills needed for learners and teachers• New open practices are emerging• New forms of online community and interactivity
    4. 4. Horizon reports• Mobile and e-books• Gesture and augmented• Learning analytics http://wp.nmc.org/horizon2011/
    5. 5. Ed tech trends• Mobile learning• Personalised learning• Cloud computing• Ubiquitous learning• BYOD• Digital content• The flipped classroom• Debt/drop out http://learn231.wordpress.com/2011/10/25/trend-report-1/
    6. 6. Social & participatory media 6 Media sharing Blogging Mash ups MessagingCollaborative Recommenderediting systems Virtual worlds Social and games networking Social Syndication bookmarking http://magicineducation.wordpress.com/2011/11/10/web-2-0-world-map/ Conole and Alevizou, 2010
    7. 7. Social media revolutionThe machine is us/ing us
    8. 8. Peercritiquing Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
    9. 9. Peercritiquing Usergenerated content Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
    10. 10. Peercritiquing Usergenerated contentNetworked Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
    11. 11. Peer Opencritiquing Usergenerated contentNetworked Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
    12. 12. Peer Opencritiquing User Collectivegenerated aggregation contentNetworked Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
    13. 13. Peer Opencritiquing User Collectivegenerated aggregation contentNetworked Personalised Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
    14. 14. http://rossdawsonblog.com/weblog/archives/2011/11/our-shrinking-degrees-of-separation-heading-down-from-6-to-3.html
    15. 15. E-Pedagogies 9 A
    16. 16. E-Pedagogies 9AssociativeFocus on individualLearning throughassociation andreinforcement A
    17. 17. E-Pedagogies 9Associative ConstructivistFocus on individual Building on priorLearning through knowledgeassociation and Task-orientatedreinforcement A
    18. 18. E-Pedagogies 9Associative ConstructivistFocus on individual Building on priorLearning through knowledgeassociation and Task-orientatedreinforcement ASituativeLearning throughsocial interactionLearning in context
    19. 19. E-Pedagogies 9Associative ConstructivistFocus on individual Building on priorLearning through knowledgeassociation and Task-orientatedreinforcement ASituative ConnectivistLearning through Learning in asocial interaction networkedLearning in context environment
    20. 20. E-Pedagogies 9E-trainingDrill & practiceMobile learning Associative Constructivist Focus on individual Building on prior Learning through knowledge association and Task-orientated reinforcement A Situative Connectivist Learning through Learning in a social interaction networked Learning in context environment
    21. 21. E-Pedagogies 9E-training Inquiry learningDrill & practice Resource-basedMobile learning Associative Constructivist Focus on individual Building on prior Learning through knowledge association and Task-orientated reinforcement A Situative Connectivist Learning through Learning in a social interaction networked Learning in context environment
    22. 22. E-Pedagogies 9E-training Inquiry learningDrill & practice Resource-basedMobile learning Associative Constructivist Focus on individual Building on prior Learning through knowledge association and Task-orientated reinforcement A Situative Connectivist Learning through Learning in a social interaction networked Learning in context environmentExperiential,Problem-based,Role play
    23. 23. E-Pedagogies 9E-training Inquiry learningDrill & practice Resource-basedMobile learning Associative Constructivist Focus on individual Building on prior Learning through knowledge association and Task-orientated reinforcement A Situative Connectivist Learning through Learning in a social interaction networked Learning in context environmentExperiential, Reflective & dialogicProblem-based, learning,Role play Personalised learning
    24. 24. Mobile learning 10
    25. 25. Mobile learning 10E-booksStudy calendarsLearning resourcesOnline modulesCommunication mechanisms
    26. 26. Mobile learning 10E-booksStudy calendarsLearning resourcesOnline modulesCommunication mechanisms Podcasting
    27. 27. Inquiry-based learning 11 My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal and informalsettingsSharples, Scanlon et al.http://www.pi-project.ac.uk/
    28. 28. Inquiry-based learning 11 My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal and informalsettingsSharples, Scanlon et al.http://www.pi-project.ac.uk/
    29. 29. Inquiry-based learning 11 My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal and informalsettingsSharples, Scanlon et al.http://www.pi-project.ac.uk/
    30. 30. Virtual genetics lab 12http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uMMfHZUNpZY&feature=youtu.be The SWIFT project
    31. 31. Learning spaces 13• Metaphors • Camp fire • Watering hole • Cave • Mountain top• Principles of learning space design • Comfort • Aesthetics • Flow • Equity • Blending • Affordances • Repurposing www.skgproject.com
    32. 32. New digital literacies Participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to community involvement. The new literacies almost all involve social skills developed through collaboration and networking Jenkins et al., 2006
    33. 33. New digital literacies Play Collective intelligencePerformance Judgement Participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to community involvement. The TransmediaSimulation new literacies almost all navigation involve social skills developed throughAppropriation collaboration and networking Networking Multitasking Negotiation Distributed cognition Jenkins et al., 2006
    34. 34. New digital literacies Creativity Play Collective intelligencePerformance Judgement Participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to community involvement. The TransmediaSimulation new literacies almost all navigation involve social skills developed throughAppropriation collaboration and networking Networking Multitasking Negotiation Distributed cognition Jenkins et al., 2006
    35. 35. 15
    36. 36. 16
    37. 37. Learner experience 17• Technology immersed• Learning approaches: task- orientated, experiential, just in time, cumulative, social• Personalised digital learning environment• Mix of institutional systems and Cloud-based tools and services• Use of course materials with free resources Sharpe, Beetham and De Freitas, 2010
    38. 38. EDUCAUSE study 18 Students drawn to new technologies but rely on more traditional ones Consider technologies offer major educational benefits Mixed views of VLEs
    39. 39. Teacher practices: paradoxes 19• Technologies not extensively used (Molenda)• Lack of uptake of OER (McAndrew et al.)• Little use beyond early adopted (Rogers)• Despite rhetoric and funding little evidence of transformation (Cuban, Pandora’s box Ehlers)
    40. 40. Teacher practices: paradoxes 19• Technologies not extensively used (Molenda)• Lack of uptake of OER (McAndrew et al.)• Little use beyond early adopted (Rogers)• Despite rhetoric and funding little evidence of transformation (Cuban, Pandora’s box Ehlers) What would it mean to adopt more open practices? Open design, open delivery, open research and open
    41. 41. x Open practices 20 Pandora’s box
    42. 42. x Open practices 20 Open design Pandora’s box
    43. 43. x Open practices 20 Open design Open delivery Pandora’s box
    44. 44. x Open practices 20 Open design Open delivery Pandora’s box Open dialogue
    45. 45. x Open practices 20 Open design Open delivery Pandora’s box Open dialogue Open research
    46. 46. Open design Shift from belief-based, implicit approaches to design-based, explicit approaches Learning Design A design-based approach to creation and support of courses Encourages reflective, scholarly practicesPromotes sharing and discussion
    47. 47. Definition A methodology for enabling teachers/designers to make more informed decisions in how they go about designing learning activities andinterventions, which is pedagogically informed and makes effective use of appropriate resources andtechnologies. This includes the design of resources and individual learning activities right up to curriculum-level design. A key principle is to help make the design process more explicit and shareable. Learning design as an area of researchand development includes both gathering empiricalevidence to understand the design process, as well as the development of a range of learning design resources, tools and activities.
    48. 48. Learning design: defining the field! Design Communities and representations and Openness! interactions! tools! Mediating Open Learning ! Design Methodology! Affordances! Artefacts! Social and Theory and ! Related participatory methodology! fields! media!Conole, G. (forthcoming), Designing for learning in an open world, Berlin: Springer
    49. 49. Course views 24
    50. 50. Course views 24 Course map
    51. 51. Course views 24 Learning outcomes Course map
    52. 52. Course views 24 Learning outcomes Course mapPedagogy profile
    53. 53. Course views 24 Learning outcomes Course mapPedagogy profile Course dimensions
    54. 54. Course views 24 Learning outcomes Course mapPedagogy profile Course dimensions Task swimlane
    55. 55. Visualisaon*tools* 25 Learning Design tools! Learning designer! Pen, paper and stickers! Webcollege! Standard tools! Excel!
    56. 56. But does it work? Evaluation data26
    57. 57. But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey for developinggood understandings26
    58. 58. But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey for developinggood understandings It is iterative and so helps with ironing out any issues26
    59. 59. But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey for developinggood understandings It is iterative and so helps with ironing out any issues I could understand the learning design process and would feel able to use this when designing some learning activities26
    60. 60. Open resources
    61. 61. Open resources
    62. 62. Open resources
    63. 63. Open resources
    64. 64. Open courses: MOOCMassiveOpenOnlineCourse http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eW3gMGqcZQc http://mooc.ca/
    65. 65. Open accreditation
    66. 66. Open accreditationPeer to Peer Universityhttp://www.p2pu.org/en/
    67. 67. Open accreditationPeer to Peer University OER Universityhttp://www.p2pu.org/en/ http://wikieducator.org/OER_university
    68. 68. Open dialogue: Cloudworks 30 http://cloudworks.ac.uk
    69. 69. Open dialogue: Cloudworks 30• A space for sharing and discussing learning and teaching ideas and designs• Application of the best of web 2.0 practice for teaching• To bridge the gap between technologies and use• Teachers say they want: examples, want to share & discuss• Helps develop skills needed for engaging with new http://cloudworks.ac.uk technologies’
    70. 70. Collaboration 31 Design challenge Create a course in a day! Carpe diem 2-day design workshop Cloudworks Space to share and discuss Cloudworks.ac.uk!
    71. 71. Community indicatorsParticipation CohesionSustained over time Support & toleranceCommitment from core group Turn taking & responseEmerging roles & hierarchy Humour and playfulnessIdentity Creative capabilityGroup self-awareness Igniting sense of purposeShared language & vocab Multiple points of viewSense of community expressed, contradicted or challenged Creation of knowledge links & patterns Galley et al., 2010
    72. 72. E-learning papersspecial issue  Background   Potential of social and participatory media   Plethora of new technologies and OER but little uptake   Range of issues (technical, pedagogical and organisational)  Focus   How can learning interventions be represented?   Implications of new media for learners, teachers & institutions?   What new pedagogies are emerging?   How are OER being design, used & repurposed?   What are the implications of free resources, tools & courses?
    73. 73. 1. Typologies of learning design  LD as: concept, process and product  Example: A virtual field history trip in LAMS Eva Dobozy !
    74. 74. 2. Patterns to design TEL scenarios  Importance of more formal LD representations  Example: application to teaching computing curriculum  Patterns as mediators between pedagogy and technology Félix Buendía-García ! José Vte. Benlloch-Dualde!
    75. 75. 3. Students as designers  Challenges traditional transmission modes of pedagogy  Requires teachers to give some control to students  Describes two case studies  Exploiting potential of social media  Encourages deeper engagement in the learning process Leanne Cameron! MiriamTanti!
    76. 76. 4. Collaborative Constructive Participation  Application of well established pedagogical principles: Community of learners, Community of Practice, socio- constructivism, dialogic learning, and knowledge building  Consists of a 3-level assessment tool for web- based discussions Ligorio M. Beatrice! Cucchiara Stefania!
    77. 77. 5. Knowledge building  Action research on use of Web 2.0 tools in the classroom  Knowledge building enables student to be active participants Gail Casey !
    78. 78. 6. Invitational online learning environments  Importance of respect, trust, intentionality, and optimism  Reports on. Arts-based learning interventions like Reflective Poetry, Minute at the Movies Analysis, “Our Community” Soap Scenes, and Theme Songs  Inexpensive, adaptable interventions enhance learning environments by encouraging human connections and creativity Beth Perry! Katherine J. Janzen! Margaret Edwards, !
    79. 79. Open scholarship 40
    80. 80. Open scholarship 40DiscoveryIntegrationApplicationTeaching Boyer
    81. 81. Open scholarship 40DiscoveryIntegrationApplicationTeachingOpen BoyerDigitalNetworked Weller: http://nogoodreason.typepad.co.uk/
    82. 82. Open research
    83. 83. Open research
    84. 84. Open research
    85. 85. Open research
    86. 86. Open research
    87. 87. Open research
    88. 88. Open research
    89. 89. Open research
    90. 90. The future of learning 42
    91. 91. The future of learning 42 Just in time
    92. 92. The future of learning 42 Just in time Distributed
    93. 93. The future of learning 42 Just in time DistributedPersonalised
    94. 94. The future of learning 42 Just in time DistributedPersonalised Blurred
    95. 95. The future of learning 42 Just in time Distributed CollectivePersonalised Blurred
    96. 96. The future of learning 42 Just in time Distributed CollectivePersonalised Creative Blurred
    97. 97. The future of learning 42 Just in time Distributed CollectivePersonalised Creative Blurred Responsive
    98. 98. The future of learning 42 Just in time Distributed CollectivePersonalised Creative Blurred Responsive Open
    99. 99. Linking research with policy & practice 43
    100. 100. Linking research with policy & practice 43 Horizon scanning OER Learning design Virtual worlds Research Learner experience Web 2.0
    101. 101. Linking research with policy & practice 43 Horizon scanning OER Learning design Virtual worlds Research Learner experience Web 2.0 Blackboard rollout PolicyOER/iTunes Learning spaces Cloud computing
    102. 102. Linking research with policy & practice 43 Horizon scanning OER Learning design Virtual worlds Research Learner experience Web 2.0 Blackboard rollout Design practice Policy Teacher practiceOER/iTunes Use of technologies Learning spaces Cloud computing
    103. 103. Linking research with policy & practice 43 Horizon scanning OER Learning design Virtual worlds Research Learner experience Web 2.0 Blackboard rollout Design practice Policy Teacher practiceOER/iTunes Use of technologies Learning spaces Cloud computing Learner practice Use of technologies Diversity/culture
    104. 104. Final thoughts Open,participatory and social media enable new forms of communication and collaboration Communities in these spaces are complex and distributed Learners and teachers need to develop new digital literacy skills to harness their potential We need to rethink how we design, support and assess learning Open,participatory and social media can provide mechanisms for us to share and discuss teaching and research ideas in new ways We are seeing a blurring of boundaries: teachers/ learners, teaching/research, real/virtual spaces, formal/ informal modes of communication and publication
    105. 105. 45Conole, G. (forthcoming), Designing for learning in an open world, New York: Springer grainne.conole@le.ac.uk

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