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  • §
  • James Cridland


  • 1. E-Learning in Higher Education Gráinne Conole National Teaching University of Leicester Fellow 2012 19th October 2012New technologies and education for multilingualism European Parliament, Brussels
  • 2. Outline• E-Learning timeline• Technologies trends• Learning Management Systems• Teacher practice and paradoxes• Learning Design• Some examples• Conclusion
  • 3. E-learning – a definitionThe development andresearch of the applicationof technologies ineducation Conole and Oliver, 2007, Contemporary perspectives in e-learning
  • 4. Multimedia resources80s93 The Internet and the Web Learning Management Systems95 Mobile devices98 Gaming technologies00 E-Learning timeline01 Open Educational Resources Social and participatory media04 Virtual worlds0507 E-books and smart devices08 Massive Open Online Courses
  • 5. Technological trends• Mobiles and e-books• Personalised learning• Cloud computing• Ubiquitous learning• BYOD (Bring your own device)• Learning analytics
  • 6. Google glasses project• Can ‘see’ the Internet on glasses• Context sensitive information• Context lenses planned
  • 7. Learning Management Systems CommunicationLibrary Content tools Registration Collaboration AssessmentFinance tools tools TimetablingStudent Upload Trackingrecords tools tools Conole, forthcoming, UNESCO briefing paper
  • 8. Forums• Provides a space for structured asynchronous and moderated discussion• Forum for question and answer sessions• Can be used as an informal social space
  • 9. Blogs• An online, chronological collection of personal commentary and links• Sequential posts of content and multimedia• Facility to add comments• Can be used to foster reflection• Group blogs to aggregate resources
  • 10. Wikis• Web space that can be viewed and modified by a group• Promotes asynchronous communication and collaboration• A shared space for group activities• A record of who has contributed
  • 11. ComparisonDiscussion Forums Blogs Wikis• Structured and • Reflective space • Knowledge moderated • Aggregation of gathering and discussion resources sharing• Problem Solving • Portfolio of • Collaboration and• Brainstorming learning group work• Quick response to achievements • Aggregation of questions • Share ideas with resources• FAQs at start of a the wider • Record of module/course community contributions• Promotion of new • Relating theory to ideas and concepts practice in a work- based context
  • 12. Promise and realitySocial andparticipatory mediaoffer new ways tocommunicate andcollaborate Not fully exploitedWealth of free Replicating bad pedagogyresources and tools Lack of time and skills
  • 13. Learning Design Guidance Shift from belief-based, implicitapproaches to design-based, explicit approaches Learning Design A design-based approach to creation and support of courses Encourages reflective, scholarly practicesVisualisation sharing and discussion Promotes Sharing
  • 14. Institutional External context context Learning Design of a Learning Activity Teacher Learner practice characteristicsTechnology Pedagogiesaffordances
  • 15. Course Features
  • 16. Course MapCourse/module summary:Key words: Guidance and support Content and experienceTools & resources Responsibilities & relationships Tools & resources Responsibilities & relationships1. 1.2. 2.3. 3.4. 4.5. 5.6. 6.7. 7. Reflection and demonstration Communication and collaborationTools & resources Responsibilities & relationships Tools & resources Responsibilities & relationships1. 1.2. 2.3. 3.4. 4.5. 5.6. 6.7. 7.
  • 17. Activity Profile• Assimilative (Read, view, listen)• Information Handling• Communicative• Productive• Experiential• Adaptive• Assessment
  • 18. Storyboard
  • 19. Evaluation Ming Nie
  • 20. E-Assessment, drill and practice
  • 21. Mobile learningStudy calendarsE-booksLearning resourcesOnline modulesAnnotation toolsMind mapping toolsCommunication mechanisms
  • 22. Collective intelligence
  • 23. Situated learning and role playArcheological digsMedical wardsArt exhibitionsCyber-lawVirtual language exchangeBeyond formal schooling
  • 24. Immersive learning
  • 25. 100 million adults can’t afforduniversity (UNESCO) Image by James Cridland
  • 26. Resource-based learning• Over ten years of the Open Educational Resource (OER) movement• Hundreds of OER repositories worldwide• Presence on iTunesU
  • 27. The OPAL metromapEvaluation shows lack of uptakeby teachers and learnersShift from development tocommunity building andarticulation of OER practice
  • 28. Outputs• Inventory of more than 100 OER initiatives• 11 country reports and 13 mini-reports• 7 in-depth case studies• 3 EU-wide policy papers• 7 options brief packs for EU nations/regions
  • 29. Massive Open Online Course
  • 30. Disaggregation of educationResources Learning pathwaysSupport Accreditation
  • 31. Open accreditationPeer to Peer University OER University
  • 32. Implications for institutions• Disaggregation: resources, learning pathways, support and accreditation• What is the role of traditional institutions?• Tension of institutionally support systems and Cloud services• More open approaches to learning, teaching and research
  • 33.