Secondary Sources<br />Legal Research <br />Fall 2011<br />Graham Bateman<br />
Types of Secondary Sources<br />Dictionaries <br />Legal Encyclopedias<br />American Law Reports (ALR)<br />Restatements<b...
Types of Legal Encyclopedias<br />General – includes state and federal laws<br />American Jurisprudence (Am Jur) (W & L)<b...
Browse/Search Table of Contents or full-text<br />
Look at nearby sections to see if any are of interest and look for definition or purpose sections<br />
Switch back to TOC view.<br />Title of article<br />
Search full text – or by citation or by TOC<br />
Return to TOC<br />
Louisiana Civil Law Treatise - Louisiana focused<br />Similar to a legal encyclopedia<br />Sets contain– Civil Procedure, ...
Civil Law Treatise<br />
Civil Law Treatise Index<br />
Treatise Index Terms<br />
Civil Law Treatise<br />
ALR<br />Hybrid of reporter and journal – contains full text of “lead case” and an article<br />In-depth description of a ...
Updating Article<br />In print – use pocket parts but also look for newer articles on same subject that may supersede your...
New case citations added on frequent basis.<br />
1. Note date of original publication of annotation text.<br />2. General TOC<br />
Outline of article<br />
Cum. Supp. Immediately follows main annotation.<br />
Books<br />Thorough treatment of a single topic<br />Different types of legal books: <br />Nutshells<br />Written with lit...
How to Find Books in our Library<br />Use LSU Law Library Catalog<br />If you know the author’s name, use Author<br />If y...
Having Trouble Finding Books in our Library?<br />Broaden your search<br />Use more general search terms (ex: use “real es...
Access books via “Area of Law”, by jurisdiction, or “Secondary Legal”<br />
Restatements<br />Summarizes a common law area; sorts out the differences in the cases across the country<br />Published b...
Structure of Restatements<br />Each section has:<br />Rule of law<br />Comments and illustrations (discuss how to apply th...
Ease of Use<br />Can be confusing to determine what is in effect<br />Tentative drafts, new series<br />Case summaries are...
This is the actual rule<br />
All the case summaries are together.  In print, they are in different volumes.<br />
See case citations or read the rule with associated comments<br />
Read Reporters Notes<br />
Click on next to page through case citations.<br />Can also see rule.<br />
Law Review Articles<br />In-depth, thorough analysis of narrow legal issue<br />Description, analysis, explanation, and su...
Finding Articles – Indexes<br />Print<br />Index to Legal Periodicals & Books (ILP)<br />Current Law Index (CLI)<br />Elec...
Finding Articles with Citation<br />Do a Title search in Law Library Catalog<br />Search the Journal title, not the articl...
Note latest volume on Hein Online is v.42.<br />Look up specific article by citation.<br />
Finding Articles – Full Text<br />Lexis<br />Westlaw<br />Hein Online<br />Other electronic FT journals (over 8000!!)<br /...
Coverage Reminder!!<br />Pay attention to the dates of coverage of the various indexes and full-text databases<br />Lexis ...
Hein Online<br />PDF images of articles<br />Starts with volume 1 for most journals but does not have current volume<br />...
Important Reminders<br />Always read the primary materials referred to in the secondary sources!!<br />Author may have mis...
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Fall 2011 secondary sources powerpoint

  1. 1. Secondary Sources<br />Legal Research <br />Fall 2011<br />Graham Bateman<br />
  2. 2. Types of Secondary Sources<br />Dictionaries <br />Legal Encyclopedias<br />American Law Reports (ALR)<br />Restatements<br />Law Review Articles<br />Books<br />
  3. 3. Types of Legal Encyclopedias<br />General – includes state and federal laws<br />American Jurisprudence (Am Jur) (W & L)<br />Corpus JurisSecundum (CJS) (Westlaw)<br />State-specific (not a true encyclopedia)<br />Louisiana Civil Law Treatise<br />Topic-specific<br />Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Browse/Search Table of Contents or full-text<br />
  6. 6. Look at nearby sections to see if any are of interest and look for definition or purpose sections<br />
  7. 7. Switch back to TOC view.<br />Title of article<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9. Search full text – or by citation or by TOC<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Return to TOC<br />
  12. 12. Louisiana Civil Law Treatise - Louisiana focused<br />Similar to a legal encyclopedia<br />Sets contain– Civil Procedure, Property, Torts, Business Law, Trusts, Successions, Criminal Law, Evidence, Family Law, Workers Compensation, Business and Family Law<br />Print finding aids<br />Indexes – in each set and combined index<br />Combined table of cases<br />Available on Westlaw (LACIVL)<br />Each set individually or in a combined database<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16. Civil Law Treatise<br />
  17. 17. Civil Law Treatise Index<br />
  18. 18. Treatise Index Terms<br />
  19. 19. Civil Law Treatise<br />
  20. 20. ALR<br />Hybrid of reporter and journal – contains full text of “lead case” and an article<br />In-depth description of a narrow area of law<br />Contains a Table of Cases and Statutes arranged by state<br />Available on Westlaw<br />TIP: In print, always use the multi-volume index rather than the 1 volume Quick Index as it references more articles<br />
  21. 21. Updating Article<br />In print – use pocket parts but also look for newer articles on same subject that may supersede your article<br />On Westlaw <br />Updated automatically by adding new cases<br />Original date of article does not reflect how current the information is<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23. New case citations added on frequent basis.<br />
  24. 24. 1. Note date of original publication of annotation text.<br />2. General TOC<br />
  25. 25. Outline of article<br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28. Cum. Supp. Immediately follows main annotation.<br />
  29. 29. Books<br />Thorough treatment of a single topic<br />Different types of legal books: <br />Nutshells<br />Written with little legalese and no footnotes<br />Hornbooks <br />More indepth discussion with footnotes<br />Treatises <br />More scholarly, thorough treatment of issue<br />Heavily footnoted<br />Some books available electronically but many others are only available in print<br />
  30. 30. How to Find Books in our Library<br />Use LSU Law Library Catalog<br />If you know the author’s name, use Author<br />If you know the title, use Title<br />TIP: If you only have a topic, use Keyword, NOT Subject<br />Keyword searches the subject headings plus the Title and the Notes fields<br />If find a relevant book, look at the subject headings and click relevant subject to find more books with the same subject heading<br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
  34. 34. Having Trouble Finding Books in our Library?<br />Broaden your search<br />Use more general search terms (ex: use “real estate” rather than “easement”)<br />Search World Cat from Law Library screen to see what other libraries have<br />Then visit local libraries or use inter-library loan<br />Search for electronic books<br />Library’s website<br />Internet (excerpts or FT)<br />Lexis and Westlaw – have some practitioner titles that we don’t have in the library<br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
  38. 38.
  39. 39.
  40. 40.
  41. 41.
  42. 42. Access books via “Area of Law”, by jurisdiction, or “Secondary Legal”<br />
  43. 43.
  44. 44.
  45. 45. Restatements<br />Summarizes a common law area; sorts out the differences in the cases across the country<br />Published by American Law Institute (ALI)<br />Members are nominated and voted in<br />Written by expert(s) in the field and discussed by all members of ALI<br />
  46. 46. Structure of Restatements<br />Each section has:<br />Rule of law<br />Comments and illustrations (discuss how to apply the rule)<br />Reporter’s notes (provides background and history)<br />Summaries of cases which have applied rule in appendix volumes<br />Reminder: Always read rule before looking at case summaries <br />
  47. 47. Ease of Use<br />Can be confusing to determine what is in effect<br />Tentative drafts, new series<br />Case summaries are in different volumes that cover a span of years<br />Pocket part updates<br />TIP: Lexis and Westlaw are easier to use, with links to various parts and b/c case summaries are all gathered together <br />
  48. 48. This is the actual rule<br />
  49. 49.
  50. 50. All the case summaries are together. In print, they are in different volumes.<br />
  51. 51. See case citations or read the rule with associated comments<br />
  52. 52. Read Reporters Notes<br />
  53. 53. Click on next to page through case citations.<br />Can also see rule.<br />
  54. 54. Law Review Articles<br />In-depth, thorough analysis of narrow legal issue<br />Description, analysis, explanation, and suggestion of alternative approach to law<br />Typically authored by professors; also attorneys and judges<br />Contain citations to primary materials and other secondary sources<br />
  55. 55. Finding Articles – Indexes<br />Print<br />Index to Legal Periodicals & Books (ILP)<br />Current Law Index (CLI)<br />Electronic <br />Legal Trac<br />Search Tips: Use Advanced Search Option and unclick default Full-Text search option<br />Index to Legal Periodicals Retrospective<br />Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals<br />
  56. 56. Finding Articles with Citation<br />Do a Title search in Law Library Catalog<br />Search the Journal title, not the article title<br />Still receiving it in print?<br />Hein Online – click on hyperlink and use citation search option in upper right hand corner of screen<br />Lexis<br />Get a document<br />Westlaw<br />Find<br />
  57. 57.
  58. 58. Note latest volume on Hein Online is v.42.<br />Look up specific article by citation.<br />
  59. 59. Finding Articles – Full Text<br />Lexis<br />Westlaw<br />Hein Online<br />Other electronic FT journals (over 8000!!)<br />Academic OneFile<br />ProQuest<br />
  60. 60. Coverage Reminder!!<br />Pay attention to the dates of coverage of the various indexes and full-text databases<br />Lexis and Westlaw<br />Coverage varies; earliest is 1980<br />Hein Online<br />Begins with volume 1 for most journals<br />ILP and CLI<br />Begins in 1980 and 1981 respectively<br />Index to Legal Periodicals Retrospective<br />Coverage 1918-1981<br />
  61. 61. Hein Online<br />PDF images of articles<br />Starts with volume 1 for most journals but does not have current volume<br />Can access via Library Catalog or library Databases page<br />Printing TIP: use PDF option, not HPrint<br />You can look at article in PDF and decide which pages to print<br />Search TIP: Search engine is not very good; easier to do citation source<br />
  62. 62.
  63. 63.
  64. 64. Important Reminders<br />Always read the primary materials referred to in the secondary sources!!<br />Author may have mis-stated the law or law may have changed<br />Do not solely rely on the primary authorities identified in the secondary sources<br />Research primary materials independently as well<br />Update the statutes and cases mentioned (Shepards and Keycite)<br />

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