Those who break the law will be punished. This is the room that we cleaned yesterday. that we cleaned yesterday who break the law 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句叫 定语从句 被 修饰的名词或代词叫 先行词 引导定语从句的词叫 关系词 关系词在定语从句中作成份
主语 宾语 定语 指人 指物 who/that whom/who/that whose which/that which/that whose I like the book 我喜欢那本封面是绿色的书。 whose cover is green. the cover of which is green. of which the cover is green. 关系代词
关系副词： when ; why ; where I’ll remember the day ________ I first met you. We don’t believe the reason _________ he was late. 关系副词 when 在从句中作时间状语， 先行词是表时间的词。 I’ll remember the day __________________ we spent in the park. when which / that why which / that 关系副词 why 在从句中作原因状语， 先行词只有 reason. We don’t believe the reason ____________ he explained .
This is the house _________ he was born. where which/that We’ll discuss a number of cases _______ beginners of English fail to use the language properly. （ 陕西卷 ） We’re just trying to reach a point ______ both sides will sit down together and talk. （ 山东卷 ） where where 关系副词 where 在句中作地点状语， 先行词可以是表地点的名词， This is the house ______________ he visited yesterday. 也可以是 case , point ,position, situation 等有地点含义的抽象名词。
Everything ____ we have to do is to try our best. This is the best film _____ I’ve ever seen. I have read all the books _____ you gave me. You’re the only one _____ I want to see. They talked about the things and people _____ they remembered. Who is the man _____ is talking to John? that that that that that that
众所周知，台湾是中国的一部分。 ________ is known to all , Taiwan is part of China. ________ is known to all that Taiwan is part of China. He had to work on Sundays , ________ he doesn’t like. which As It