Tenses of verbs
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Tenses of verbs

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Tenses of verbs Tenses of verbs Document Transcript

  • 1The simple present tense Verb to be (am, is, are)-Ser o estar.Affirmative Negative InterrogativeI am I’m not Am I ……..?He is He isn’t Is he………?She is She isn’t Is she……...?It is It isn’t Is it………..?We areYou are We aren’t Are we…….?They are You aren’t Are you……? They aren’t Are they……?Verb to have got (have got, has got) – TenerAffirmative Negative InterrogativeI I IYou have got You haven’t got Have You got …….?We (‘ve got) We WeThey They TheyHe has got He HeShe (‘s got) She hasn’t got Has She got…….?It It ItVerb go (go, goes) Auxiliary verbs(do, does) Ir * Live (lie, lives) vivirAffirmative Negative InterrogativeI I IYou go / live You don’t go / live Do you go / live?We We weThey They theyHe He heShe goes / lives She doesn’t go / live Does she go/ live?It It it*De esta forma se puede conjugar cualquier otro verbo en ‘Present Simple’ menos el ‘tobe’, ‘have got’, ni los ‘modals’ (can, could, must, might, may, would, should, etc)pues no se usan con auxiliares.
  • 2Functions (Funciones)Este timpo verbal se usa para:• Hablar de situaciones permanentes, ej: ‘I live in Rosario’• Hablar de costumbres, ej: ‘In Britain we have dinner at six o’clock in the evening’• Hablar de hábitos, ej: ‘She writes in her diary every day’• Hablar de rutinas, ej: ‘She gets up very early every day’ ‘He swims before lunch’• Hablar y preguntar de lo que gusta y no gusta, ej: ‘I like sports’ ‘Do you like music?’ ‘Yes, I do’ ‘She doesn’t like meatUseful words (palabras o frases útilesFrequency adverbsAlways, usually, often, sometimes, rarely, never, etcTime prepositionsOnce a dayTwice a weekThree times a monthFour times a yearEtc……Every day /morning / afternoon / eveningAt weekendsOn Mondays / TuesdaysDuring the dayIn the evenings, afternoons, etcHow often………?The Present Continuous TenseTo play --(am-is-are playing) -- jugarAffirmative Negative InterrogativeI am playing I’m not playing Am I playing……?He is playing He isn’t playing Is he playing……….?She is playing She isn’t playing Is she playing……….?It is playing It isn’t playing Is it playing…………?We are playing We aren’t playing Are you playing……..?You are playing You aren’t playing Are we playing……...?They are playing They aren’t playing Are they playing…….?Functions (funciones)Este tiempo verbal se usa para:
  • 3• Describir algo que esta pasando en el momento de hablar, ej: ‘I’m writing’ ‘You are reading’• Preguntar a cerca de algo que está pasando,ej: ‘What are you doing?’• Hablar a cerca de planes futuros, ej: ‘We are playing tennis tomorrow’• Preguntar acerca de planes, ej: ‘What are you doing next week-end?’Useful words(para hablar de el momento o periodo de tiempo en el que se está hablando) Now (ahora)At the moment (en este momento)This week/month/year (esta semana/mes/año)Today (hoy)(para futuros planes)Tomorrow (mañana)Next week/month/year/etc (la proxima semana/mes/año/etc)At the weekend., On Monday, Saturday, etcThe Past simple tenseVerb to be - was / were - (ser o estar)Affirmative Negative InterrogativeI was I wasn’t Was I………?He was He wasn’t Was he………?She was She wasn’t Was she……?It was It wasn’t Was it…….?We were We weren’t Were we……?You were You weren’t Were you……..?They were They weren’t Were they……..?Verb to go (went) auxiliary verb ‘did’ (ir) * to live (vivir)Affirmative Negative InterrogativeI I IYou You youHe He heShe went/lived She didn’t go/live Did she go/live…?It It itWe We weThey They they*de esta forma se puede conjugar cualquier otro verbo menos el ‘to be’, y los ‘modales’:‘can, may, could, might, must, should, would, etc’ los cuales no llevan auxiliar alpreguntar o negar pues lo hacen por si mismos.Functions (funciones)Este tiempo verbal se usa para:• Hablar de eventos del pasado,ej: ‘We had a great time, yesterday’• Preguntar por eventos del pasado, ej: ‘What did Teresa do at the weekend?’
  • 4• Hablar de acciones que pasaron en un periodo de tiempo en el pasado. Ej: ‘I lived in Mendoza for ten years’• Contar historias del pasado, ej: ‘Last Saturday I went downtown with my family. First, we did some shopping, and then…’Useful wordsYesterday (ayer)Yesterday night, morning, etc (ayer a la noche, a la mañana, etc)Last week, month, year (la semana pasada, el mes pasado, el año pasado, etc)Ago (atrás) Ten years ago (diez años atrás)In 1989, in the summer, in March (en 1989, en el verano, en Marzo)This morning, evening, etc (esta mañana, tarde, etc)On Monday morning, on Tuesday evening, etc (el lunes a la mañana, el martes a la tardeetc)The future tense‘going to’ to be +going to+verb = (ir a) (voy a tabajar)Affirmative Negative InterrogativeI am going to work I’m not going to work Am I going to work?He He heShe is going to work She isn’t going to work Is she going to work?It It itYou You youWe are going to work We aren’t going to work Are we going to work?They They theyFunctions (funciones)Este timpo verbal se usa para:• Hablar de intensiones o planes para el futuro ej: ‘I’m going to learn to drive.’• Hablar de predicciones basadas en algo real ej: ‘It’s cloudy. It’s going to rain.’
  • 5Will go (iré)Affirmative Negative InterrogativeI I IYou You youHe He heShe will go (‘ll go) She will not go (won’t go) Will she go ?It It itWe We youYou You weThey They theyFunctions: (funciones)Este tiempo verbal se usa para: Hablar de predicciones sin fundamento ej: ‘You’ll get married with a tall man and rich.’ Hacer promesas ej: ‘I’ll send you a postcard from Spain.’ Hablar de hechos reales ej: ‘If it is made of wood, it will float.’ Dar ordenens ej: ‘You’ll do it this minute.’The present perfect tenseTo buy * bought (paticipio pasado)Affirmative Negative InterrogativeI I IYou You youWe have bought We haven’t bought have we bought?They You theyHe He heShe has bought She hasn’t bought Has she bought?It It it• de esta forma se conjuga cualquier otro verbo de las listas de vebos (regurlares o irregulares) menos los modals can, could, might, would, etc.Functions (funciones)• se usa para hablar de cosas que han sucedido en el pasado pero que tienen que ver con el presente e.g. I have lived in Tres Arroyos since 1978• se usa para hablar de experiencias personales sin ubicarlas en el timpo exacto sino hablando desde cuando eatá ocurriendo o por cuanto tiempo ha sucedido e.g. I have studied English since 1999Useful wordsSince (desde)For (por)Already (ya)Still (aun) Yet (aún) para negative y pregunta Just (recién)
  • 6Past Perfect Verb TenseTo buy * bought (paticipio pasado)Affirmative Negative InterrogativeI I IHe He heShe had bought She hadn’t bought Had she bought?It It itYou You youWe We weThey They theyEs un tiempo verbal que expresa acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado, pero en unpasado menos reciente que el que se expresa en el Present Perfect. Es lo que sedenomina el pasado del pasado (past in the past). Se forma con el verbo (to) have enpasado, had+ el participio del verbo de la acción: Regular (Infinitivo+ed) o Irregular(tercera columna de la lista de verbos irregulares).QUESTION WORDSWhat? Que / Cual *What time? Que hora / A que horaWhat colour? Que colorWhat nationality? Que nacionalidadWhat …………like? Como (para describir algo a alguien)What …………for? Para queWhat …………with? Con queWhere? DondeWhere………..from? De dondeWhen? CuandoWhich? Cual *How? Como (generalmente para salud o estado de ánimo)How old? Como de viejo ( para la edad)How much? Cuanto/aHow many? Cuantos/asHow often? Con que frecuenciaHow long? Como de largoHow long? Cuanto tiempoHow far? Como de lejosWho? QuienWho…………for? Para quienWho…………with? Con quienWhose? De quienWhy? Por que (se responde con because…..)
  • 7* What / Which? significan cual o cuales pero usamos “what” cuando tenemos muchasopciones para elegir y “which” cuando el número de elecciones es limitado o pequeño.EjemplosWhat’s this? How much does a sweater cost?What’s your name? How many books are there on theWhat time is it? floor?What time do you get up? How often do you go to church?What colour is your car? How long is the River Nile?What nationality are you? How long are you going to stay inWhat is Tres Arroyos like? Buenos Aires?What is a screwdriver for? How far is your house from the cityWhere are the children? centre?Where do you come from? Who is that man?When is your birthday? Who do you work for?Which colour do you like red or blue? Who do you live with?How are you today? Whose jeans are these?How old is your mother? Why do you study English?Comparatives and superlatives Adjective Comparative SuperlativeOne syllable Young Younger than The youngest Cold Colder than The coldestOne syllable Nice Nicer than The nicestending in -e Late Later than The latestOne syllable Wet Wetter than The wettestShort vowel +one Thin Thinner than The thinnestconsonant Big Bigger than The biggestTwo syllables Heavy Heavier than The heaviestConsonant + y Sunny Sunnier than The sunniestTwo or more Attractive More attractive than The most attractivesyllables Interesting More interesting than The most interesting Good Better than The bestIrregular Bad Worse than The worst Far Farther than The farthest
  • 8PRONOUNS AND ADJECTIVESPronombres Pronombres Adjetivos Pronombres PronombresPersonales Acusativos Posesivos Posesivos ReflexivosI me my mine myselfyou you your yours yourselfhe him his his himselfshe her her hers herselfit it its -- itselfwe us our ours ourselvesyou you your yours yourselvesthey them their theirs themselvesPronombres Indefinidoseverybody nobody somebody anybodyeveryone no one someone anyoneeverything nothing something anythingPronombres Relativoswho which that whom whosePronombres Recíprocoseach other / one another
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