Phonemic awareness

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Phonemic awareness

  1. 1. Phonemic Awareness Prepared by: Mary Grace L. Alilin
  2. 2. What does Phoneme means? • Phoneme - a member of the set of the smallest units of speech that serve to distinguish one utterance from another in a language or dialect
  3. 3. Origin of Phoneme • The words “Phoneme” comes from the French word phonème, from Greek phōnēmat- , phōnēma which means speech sound, utterance, and from phōnein to sound
  4. 4. What is Phonemic Awareness? • Children need to be taught to hear sounds in words and words are made up of the smallest parts of sounds or phonemes. • Phonemic awareness refers to the ability to hear and manipulate sounds in words. It is not phonics. It is auditory and does not involve words in print.
  5. 5. • It means recognizing and using individual sounds to create sounds to create words. • It is the ability to recognize that a spoken word consists of sequence of individual sounds; manipulate individual sounds in the speech stream
  6. 6. Examples of Phonemic Awareness Skills; Example: Application Blending What word am I trying to say? Mmmmmop. Segmentation- first sound isolation What is the first sound in mop? Segmentation – last sound isolation What is last sound in mop? Segmentation - complete What are all the sounds you hear in mop
  7. 7. Remember • LYON: The best predictor of reading difficulty on kindergarten or first grade is the inability to segment words and syllables into constituent sound units (phonemic awarenss)
  8. 8. Why is phonemic important?
  9. 9. Three identified reasons 1. It requires readers to notice how letter represents sounds. 2. It gives readers a way to approach sounding out and reading new words. 3. It helps readers understand the alphabetic principle - that the letters in words are systemically represented by sounds.
  10. 10. Why is Phonemic difficult? • Although there are 26 letters in the English language, there are approximately 40 phonemes, or sound units
  11. 11. NOTE • The number of phonemes varies across sources. Sounds are represented in 250 different spellings (/f/ as in ph, f ). The sounds units (phonemes) are NOT inherently obvious and must be taught. The sounds that make up words are “coarcticulated”, that they are not distinctly separate from each other
  12. 12. Critical features of phonemic awareness
  13. 13. • Phonemic awareness is critical component of reading instruction but not an entire program. • It absolutely needs to be taught, but should only be 10-15 minutes per day of your reading instruction.
  14. 14. • If you focus on just few steps of phonemic awareness, but research has found that blending and segmentation are the two skills that must be taught. • Instruction must focus on BLENDING and SEGMENTING words at the phoneme, or sound level. • This is an AUDITORY TASK.
  15. 15. • Phonemic awareness can be best taught and can have better results with small group of children. • In critical phonemic awareness, pupils should learn: a. Sound Isolation – Example: the first sound in SUN is /sss/ b. Blending- Example: /sss/-/uuu/-/nnn/ is SUN c. Segmenting – Example: The sounds in SUN are: /sss/ - /uuu/-/nnn/
  16. 16. Critical awareness development continuum Word Recognition Rhyming Sentence Segmentation Syllable Segmentation and Blending Onset-rime blending and Segmentation Blending and Segmenting individual phonemes Phoneme deletion and manipulation EASY to More difficult
  17. 17. ~FIN~
  18. 18. Thanks for Listening. God Bless You Prepared by: Mary Grace L. Alilin
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